3
votes
4answers
37 views

Moral Justification of Violence

I had repercussions over an argument in class of the inevitability of war, and violence in some instances. I was on the side that was arguing that violence is never necessary. My opponent said ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Metaphysically the transcendentiality of being could be explained in what manner. [on hold]

Being is that which exist in time and space also occupying weight, why is such that does not occupy space and time?
-1
votes
1answer
17 views

What is the Philosophy of Mathematics?

Basically, what exactly is Philosophy of Mathematics? Why not simply call it mathematics? At what point does a mathematician practice the philosophy of mathematics?
0
votes
2answers
18 views

Hylomophism as the foundation of matter, how true can this be. explain

What is hylomophism and how can it be related with matter and form, being and existence
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Existential authenticity (especially in Sartre) - being frustrated

I suppose that the two things that first spring to mind about Sartre's "authenticity" is Existence precedes essence (a kind of responsibility for what we make of ourselves) Inauthenticity is ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Are there any strong reasons to still consider logical monism or a “One True Logic” in light of all the non-classical logics that have been developed?

I know there has always been some debate concerning whether or not a certain logical system (like classical logic) is the correct one, especially when it comes to propositional claims about the ...
-4
votes
1answer
73 views

Does the possibility for other types of consciousness exist?

You hopefully have subjective consciousness like me. Its existence seems to be some kind of result from biological processes. So, if biology can do that, can other phenomena also occur naturally, ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Is consciousness produced as part of mental images by the same mechanism?

This question came up when I was trying to explain that color is subjective. My conclusion is, color is constructed by our "Imagination", the same mechanism that produces mental images. That ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Is there anyway Dan Dennett's multiple drafts theory of consciousness could support an ego theory of consciousness as opposed to bundle theory?

Is there anyway Dan Dennett's multiple drafts theory of consciousness could support an ego theory of consciousness as opposed to bundle theory? What are the flaws in his theory? I want a ...
2
votes
7answers
70 views

Relative vs Absolute scale: Where does this argument fail?

If this can be formulated more rigidly, it might belong on Math instead, but for now I think this is the best place for it. The context of this is in scaling things. Lets say there exists a target ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Formalism: philosophy of mathematics

Is it a contradiction, if I am a formalist but I think that mathematical objects are created by human mind ? In other words: Am I allowed to be a formalist and to believe that ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

where pathos is met with bathos [on hold]

What does "where pathos is met with bathos" mean? Context: "A lot of performance art presents the world as an irrational and indifferent place where pathos is met with bathos" Art and Science by ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Board’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

What form of formalist am I?

I am an formalist in the sense that I think that mathematics is just manipulation of symbols. But I think that this manipulation is motivated by the phantasy of humans: mathematical objects are for me ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Are there any prominent modern philosophers with a background in neuroscience?

A lot of timeless questions in philosophy of mind seem relatively answerable by modern advancements in neuroscience and brain science. I was wondering if there are any well-known philosophers to date ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

What types of inconsistency are there that we know of?

Just trying to verify consistency of a system, I need to have a list types of inconsistency to look out for, so far I have the followings: 1.Anachronistic inconsistency (e.g. trying to read a file ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Law of excluded middle: mathematical philosophy

Is it a contradiction, if mathematical objects are for me "mental constructions" -- like in intuitionism but I accept classical mathematics and the Law oft excluded middle ?
0
votes
0answers
28 views

I found a good website to learn DSP. Should I share it with my DSP Professor? [on hold]

My DSP(Digital Signal Processing) Professor is great. She has suggested me various good reference books for exams and interviews. I have completed my Graduation, but we are still in touch. I have ...
3
votes
4answers
122 views

Can science claim to explain all experience?

If so, how strong a claim? To expand the question: if there is a god that can be experienced, does that experience escape science? And a third question: can humans define something, or work with ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Utilitarian Argument Against Necrophillia

Under Utilitarianism, as defined by John Stewart Mill, would there be a coherent argument against necrophilia? It seems that, because no one is being harmed, and no relevant consequences would ensue ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

The validity of the definition of a valid argument

I have some serious problems understanding what counts as a valid argument and what does not. I have read some different definitions of what a valid argument is: An argument is valid if (1.) The ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Is self-improving artifical inteligence really unlimited? [on hold]

In complex enviroment, better inteligence gives you better chance to survive. But complexity of every real-world environment is finite. Assume that more inteligence need more computing power, more ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Law of excluded middle in intuitionistic formalism

Does intuitionistic formalism accept the law of exluded middle?
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Should we make ourselves clear in arguments?

Let's say there's the claim: There is a place that men are forbidden to enter. I think we are allowed to say that ginger-haired men mustn't enter there. But are we allowed to say that there is ...
2
votes
0answers
10 views

What does disposition mean in dispositional theory of meaning?

In discussion about rule-following and sceptical paradox, there is one solution called dispositional theory of meaning, which says, that if we are disposed to use a symbol + to denote addition, then ...
7
votes
3answers
109 views

Free will and the Libet experiments

In The face of God (Gifford Lectures), Scruton discusses in passing the Libet Experiments as an unimportant framing of the discussion of free-will and determinism; without presenting any arguments, ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Mathematical philosophy: intuitionistic formalism

What is intuitionistic formalism? Tarski called himself an intuitionistic formalist.
0
votes
1answer
84 views

What are conceptions of time and space? [closed]

EDITED: First of all i make clear what i need to know. There may be too many theories about time, space and their relations. What i want to know: Is there some conceptions that are taken as MAIN ...
1
vote
3answers
50 views

a displacement of time

What does "a displacement of time" mean in this context? Does this "coincidence" imply a coincidence between the two world wars? Context: No one in the West was unaffected by the two world wars ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

Anthropological / Cultural terms for analysis [closed]

What group of words are related to these concepts: Xenophobia Zeitgeist Parochial Antipathy In the context of describing someone against cultural integration, against new worlds or open minded, ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Free Will in Psychiatry

I have a conundrum: If a psychiatric patient who cannot distinguish between dream and reality believes that each night a stranger comes and cuts their arm off, and subsequently asks for their real arm ...
3
votes
2answers
31 views

What is the reflection of a mind discarded?

It's my first time in the Philosophy section of Stack Exchange. Since I am a non-native speaker, normally I ask questions in English Language Learners. However, I thought this one was in the field of ...
4
votes
6answers
592 views

What qualifies something as “math”?

What classifies something as math? Is "math" simply performing operations with a certain set of axioms in mind? Is "math" anything that involves numbers? What about mathematical logic? Google ...
9
votes
6answers
597 views

What practical methods can be used to prove a negative claim?

I realize that the burden of proof falls squarely on the shoulders of the person making the claim, but they often seem unwilling to do the footwork. It is difficult to prove a negative case except by ...
6
votes
2answers
69 views

Where to turn to after Montaigne?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
5
votes
7answers
213 views

That which is necessary is moral?

"That which is necessary is legal" is a doctrine practiced by sane states, so I would like to believe. What has been said about "That which is necessary is moral"?
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Good books on comparative philosophy of religion [closed]

Editing my question in order to make it more specific. So instead of asking about philosophical differences, I like to ask for book/article recommendations that discuss such matter. Please let me ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Mathematical logic question from Rosen book

I am working through the Rosen Discrete Mathematics book. The question is; M(x,y) = x has sent y an email message Use quantifiers to express; There are 2 students in your class who have sent each ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Modal Logic Question [closed]

I am currently reading a paper and the following statement is used: Fact "A" for individual i happens if and only if condition B is fulfilled for i possibly not, though not necessarily exclusive of, ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Meaning is in the brain, where else?

Philosophy of languages discusses the two concepts of extension and intension. Since the 1960ies Putnam published a series of papers on topics like the meaning of meaning. He argues against the view ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Does Inspiration seem to be more effective than Motivation? [closed]

I mean to say that when a person is motivated to take a positive actions, he/she might take action and achieve its goals. But when a person is Inspired, his soul is creative and he is feeling good ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Taking now seriously (rather than tense)

McTaggert says time includes an "irreducible" A series, of the past present and future flowing on like we're used to. I think he says that the A series cannot exist so time isn't real. McTaggart ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Did Hindu thought exercise a strong influence upon the minds of early Western thinkers?

This is an excerpt form Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) The Philonic and Johannean conceptions of the Logos may conceivably owe no debt to Indian thought, for the ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

According to the Natural Law, should poetry rhyme?

I usually ask questions like this on Christianity.SE, but I've got a feeling it's better suited here. And just to be clear, I want only Natural Law (Aristotle, Aquinas, etc) answers pointing to ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Does the essentially Western concept of causality form a philosophical dialectic with the Jungian concept of synchronicity?

At least since the outbreak of the Industrial Revolution, Western Thinking has seen the universe organized along the line of cause and effect, so that, since the Big Bang, the universe has, ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Is an Interventionist causal relationshp the same as a functional dependency in relational database theory?

According to Woodward X is in an interventionist causal relationship to Y if (in simple terms) changing X results in a (consistent) change to Y. (I'm ignoring the version of the definition that talks ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Duplicity and strength in humans

the background for the question is I often struggle with feeings of a kind of ressentiment, and believe that traiditonal morality isn't going to help with that. Nietzsche writes, in The Birth of ...
4
votes
3answers
99 views

Arguing about the meaning of words

Firstly, I should mention that I am not sure, whether this the right place to ask such a question, but I am trying it anyway. Furthermore, one could say I come from a mathematics background and I am ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Does existentialism rule out the existence of a rational world?

I have no grounding in philosophy, but I have just this minute been reading a few articles about existentialism. I was confused by its apparent rejection of rationalism. I understand that this ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

FOL – Quantifiers and prenex form (from LPL 11.37)

Prenex form – when all the quantifiers are at the front I am struggling to figure out a couple questions from my book: #7 – ∃x [Cube(x) → ∀x Small(x)] #8 – ∃x [Cube(x) → ∀x Cube(x)] I never came ...

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