0
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0answers
2 views

How to rebut in this format of written argument under 550 words?

1 Conclusion 2 Arguments in favour of your conclusion (same source for ¶4) 3 Arguments against your conclusion 4 Explanations as to why the arguments in ¶3 fail. (Call these rebuttals) + ...
0
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0answers
2 views

How to organise rebuttal in this format, under 550 words?

1 Conclusion 2 Arguments in favour of your conclusion (same source for ¶4) 3 Arguments against your conclusion 4 Explanations as to why the arguments in ¶3 fail. (Call these rebuttals) + ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

Better format of written argument under 550 words?

I ask in the context of preparing to write an essay test, with a time limit of 35 mins and a word limit of 550 words, that requires the choice of one of three essay questions on a range of subjects ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Is it effective, helpful, and safe to narrow a given topic?

I ask in the context of preparing to write an essay test, with a time limit of 35 mins and a word limit of 550 words, that requires the choice of one of three essay questions on a range of subjects ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Rhetorical questions in argument

The author in this model essay never answers or presents counterarguments to his many rhetorical questions. So why would the author choose to conclude a paragraph and write this essay in the form of ...
0
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0answers
8 views

How can death matter to the dead person? - About the argument

I'm a mere beginner to philosophy and here, I'm not asking about philosophy or any abstraction about, but rather just the logic or strength of the argument for this essay topic: 'Does it matter if ...
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0answers
9 views

Guidance related to learning pre war and post war thinkers in a structured way

Hi Lass this question is for you and also for others who feel to answer as this is my first post. there are few people who understand the philosophers and the artists, anbd have understood them to ...
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votes
1answer
22 views

Thought-experiment: pick a criminal from a lineup

This is my first post in philosophy.stackexchange, so hello! First, I would like to ask whether the audience thinks my question below is appropriate here, or if it is merely an opinion question. To ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Testing the validity of syllogism argument

I came across a validation method for testing the validity of a syllogistic argument which seems quite easier to grasp: For example: To test the argument: no P is B some C is B Therefore, some ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Philosophy on nonlocality outside of physics?

Bernard d'Espagnat offers a good treatment of nonlocality as it pertains to physics, in his 2006 On Physics and Philosophy. What I'm interested is whether nonlocality has been observed and discussed ...
0
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1answer
24 views

An example of pure libertarian philosophy

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
4
votes
2answers
63 views

Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

If a person is discriminated against, and they are not aware, is it truly discrimination and/or unjust?

I began discussing whether sexism was independent of culture, and the topic moved on to women in middle-eastern countries that may be required to wear some type of veil. Someone argued, if they were ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Equivocation Fallacy: When the context of similarity is not the context of the argument

I often hear or read statements that seem to have a similar type of fallacious reasoning about it. I want to know if there is a name this type of fallacy: Top women chess players have a lower draw ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

About a great canadian neurosurgeon

Wilder Graves Penfied was a pioneering Neurosurgeon dealing with the brain , who had thought till his death about consciousness and the mind and whether the human soul exists. Did he write about these ...
3
votes
3answers
78 views

History before philosophy

I am interested in becoming fluent in general philosophy. I recognize that it is a massive area of study. I bought a book called introduction to western philosophy by Bertrand Russell, but I find ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Counter-arguments for the Frankfurt cases

I am looking for critique or good counter-arguments specifically for the Frankfurt cases. The Frankfurt cases are in turn: counterexamples to the "principle of alternative possibilities", or ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Logic Riddle, need help answering

I have attached below a propositional logic riddle that I am having difficulty solving. It would be great if one of you could post a solution to this problem with some clear and concise explanations ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Propositional Logic exercises, need help answering questions

I have attached below a list of questions regarding propositional logic and valid arguments. I am have great difficulty answering these questions and I am not sure about my answers. I was hoping one ...
0
votes
1answer
7 views

Conception of duty based on utility as opposed to specific actions

I'm curious as to whether there exists a deontological system of morality where duties can be satisfied by providing the person to whom a duty is owed with something else that provides them with an ...
1
vote
4answers
93 views

What is the proper name for the group comprising “must” and “must not” (see disambiguation below)

In logic (or philosophy) jargon, what do you call the generalization of the two mutually exclusive condition states must and must not? I assume mustness isn't the correct term but it conveys what I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the lore of the ascription of divine attributes engendering the problem of evil

In the philosophy of religion, or philosophical theology, there is the well known Theodicé problem after Leibniz, viz.: How can the omnscience, omnipotence and maximal benevolence of God be reconciled ...
2
votes
2answers
26 views

Two types of routines

Can anyone one provide counterexamples to the following: The assumption that all human behavioral level activity (i.e. no sub-personal or subconscious processes) can be bifurcated into two kinds of ...
-1
votes
1answer
199 views

How can there be order without intelligence to understand it?

Chicken or the Egg argument. TLDR update Is the ability to reason, which is required to understand our surrounding (as explained with science below), proof of reason existing prior to our own ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

The existence of unknown propositions?

My question may seem strange and nonsensical for some, therefore I will try to explain myself to the best of my ability. So to make it clearer what I mean with my question. I will start by quoting ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

What is 'fence sitting' in an essay context?

I asked about the propriety and validity of fence sitting here, but the many instructive answers now advance a new question: what is it exactly? It is fence-sitting only if you say that they do ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Syllogistic Logic: Negation of a Categorical Proposition?

I am beginner of logic, and am writing an introduction to logic for a math book. I am of the impression that the three main areas of logic to explain are (in order) syllogistic logic, sentential ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

What happend to the embracing of a particular schools of philosophy in Universities?

When one always reads the history of philosophy, you really see how different Universities always had a tendency towards a particular school. So my question is, why do you think this sort of past ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Did Hume personally believe his own philosophy?

Could someone please verify the following anecdote I paraphrase below regarding Hume? Someone asked Hume if he personally believed in his own philosophy, and he replied that he didn't but that his ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

How did Aristotle or St. Thomas resolve the liar's paradox?

How did Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas (such as in one of his commentaries on Aristotle) resolve the liar's paradox?
0
votes
3answers
98 views

Is it moral to kill a baby? [on hold]

Assuming that heaven exists and that the death of a baby automatically gets him/her to heaven, is it moral to kill your own baby?
3
votes
5answers
132 views

What is wrong with the argument “Had I not been born, I would not have done X, thus it is my mother's/father's fault”

What is wrong with the argument: Had I not been born, I would not have done X, thus it is my mother's/father's fault If you excuse the fact that I don't know how to phrase this better or in a ...
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Is there any exception to the law of “Cause and Effect”?

I've heard that 'God' is the only exception to the law of Cause and Effect which means that He is not dependent in His existence on anything. Can it be philosophically true? If we accepted this ...
2
votes
4answers
77 views

Morality of God and Kant's Refutation of the Ontological Argument for God's Existence

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

which philosopher was suspicious of the word “natural”?

He was suspicious because he noticed that the word "natural" is often used to convince people that something is "true without need for further explanation" - a suspicious usage, certainly. Heard ...
3
votes
3answers
50 views

Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's argument?

Kant criticized Anselm's argument for the existence of God by counter arguing the expression 'God exists' adds nothing to our meaning of God and so it cannot be true a God that exists is greater than ...
2
votes
4answers
140 views

Arguments for moral realism?

I would like to hear some good arguments for moral realism. Most that I find online is based on "If you don't believe in objective values, then murder is okay". While this might seem frightening, I ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the difference between intensional and extensional logic?

Homotopy type theory talks is conjectured to be the internal language of (infinity,1)-toposes; it comes in two flavours: extensional and intensional - these aren't notions that I've come across before ...
0
votes
4answers
96 views

When is a simulation real?

My question is what makes something a simulation? Or more specifically, does intent matter for calling something a simulation? Consider the following: Case #1:a well-known xkcd http://xkcd.com/505/ ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

What philosophical term lies behind locality?

Locality is: the principle of locality states that an object is only directly influenced by its immediate surroundings. The first classical theory violated it: In the 17th Century Newton's ...
3
votes
3answers
47 views

Does phenomenology determine ontology?

There were many historical instances where phenomena could be explained by seemingly incompatible theories, Copernican and Ptolemaic systems, corpuscular and wave theories of light, interpretations of ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Is being logical for our Universe, is the only possible option?

There is a lot of questions around such as why mathematics/scientific laws rules the universe (or as an alternative view, they are just our tool to quantify it, and universe exist as exists), but my ...
-3
votes
0answers
107 views

Peirce-Frege-Wittgenstein-Habermas merge

Wittgenstein did not cancel the theory and consistency. His language games only narrowed the range of validity, i.e. opened the door to the meaning as the discursive/communicative achievement. But the ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

Doesn't slavery still exist? [closed]

In history slavery did exist in physical form. In those days common men were forced to serve the higher class because of lack of knowledge, wisdom and education; and in return what they got was a ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Rothschild's Claim against Propositionalism

In "Do Indicative Conditionals Express Propositions?", Daniel Rothschild asserts the following: "Consider, for example, the property of not ruling out the proposition p as a doxastic ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

When does inference become overreaching?

I realise that this is a broad abstract question, so please allow this example, from which I hope to learn the general lesson and bigger picture. Some vital community goods, such as defence, ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Why isn't this a logical step, in an argument about right and wrong language?

Assigned Question: Which of the following is not a logical step in the writer’s argument in the this paragraph? Our first approach may be made through very ordinary, everyday instances of ...
3
votes
5answers
184 views

Are there any recognized modern eastern or Asian philosophers out there? Is eastern philosophy taken seriously in the 21st century?

Philosophy has roots in both the eastern and the western world. Undoubtedly, there is a big difference between the two. Eastern traditions are more prescriptive and religious and less formal. Western ...

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