2
votes
0answers
11 views

About the mind- brain philosophies

Are there any well-written books about the whole Mind vs. Brain problems and related questions like the Hard and Soft problems about consciousness that are not written by authors that already don't ...
1
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0answers
9 views

What was the Central Belief Advocated by the Enlightenment Philosophers?

To be more specific, what was the central belief advocated by John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Rousseau? Thank you for any help. All help is greatly appreciated.
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Abstractionism about Possible Worlds and the Contingently Non-Concrete

Concretists about possible worlds say that possible worlds are concrete entities (usually some kind of mereological sum of concrete individuals). Abstractionists say that worlds are abstract things: ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Is the study of logic a part of mathematics?

I know that there are different subfields of logic, but I am talking about the kind Kurt Gödel studied, that is,symbolic and mathematical logic. Why is he considered a logician, mathematician and ...
1
vote
4answers
56 views

Does the concept of infinity mean we have already 'been'?

A memory that frequently inhabits my consciousness is that of a lesson taught by my religious education teacher in senior school. He likened the conditions and occurrences that resulted in the ...
3
votes
1answer
22 views

Are we born critically synthesising concepts?

Following this question asking about whether we are born 'critically thinking'; which suggested this question asking whether we are born with Kants categories. Expanding further on the original ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Are we born with Kantian Categories?

Following this question; given that Kantian Categories are required to sythesise Concepts and for the conditions of experience; does this mean that we are born with them?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What theory has its models exactly the boolean algebras?

In Model Theory a theory defined syntactically (possibly by some grammar) has models (usually in the category of Sets); what theory (call it the boolean theory - for obvious reasons) has its models ...
4
votes
3answers
285 views

If the Platonic world exists how would we know?

If we assume existence of a non-material world of ideas that mathematics describes there are some questions that a Platonist has to address. 1) How is the ideal world related to the real one, where ...
0
votes
4answers
77 views

If supposing that a statement is false gives rise to a paradox, does this prove that the statement is true?

If supposing that a statement is false gives rise to a paradox, does this prove that the statement is true? Let me attempt to be a little more precise: Suppose you have a proposition. Furthermore, ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

The death of dogma is the beginning of morality? (Kant)

What did Kant mean when he said "The death of dogma is the beginning of morality"? Does it mean that you can only start being truly ethical when you are not looking at things based on a series of ...
-2
votes
0answers
41 views

Sun Tzu Art of war

How does sun tzu see the world in the art of war? how does the art of war explain the world scenario? what does the art of war constantly remind the world of? Please help me guys :( this is on of my ...
5
votes
2answers
87 views

Are we are born with some innate sense of critical thinking or is this simply the product of an education? [on hold]

I was listening to some young children in my family the other day talking to each other. The one Nephew told the one Niece. Only boys play with cars to which the she replies well then my sister is a ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Why does Justice Breyer say himself that his is not a logical argument?

At the 1 hr 10 mins 0 secs instant, Justice Stephen G Breyer says: I obviously have not convinced you. [laughter] I’m just trying to acquaint you with the arguments on the two sides. I forgot one ...
2
votes
4answers
81 views

Could Secularism or Atheism or materialism be considered a religion?

Could Secularism or Atheism or materialism be considered a religion? Any Philosophy that deals with life and people and how one interacts with all this in order to maintain some sense of a good life ...
-1
votes
3answers
73 views

Why do cults thrive? [on hold]

The Catholic Church is currently the largest cult in the world and is thriving to the point of having the richest country in the world. The empirical data to support the Church definition can be ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What would be the relation between logic and philosophy?

Lately in my philosophical discussions it has occured to our group that one unexpected and seemingly unlogical thing has started happening. It would seem to me that using logic is unavoidable in a ...
4
votes
4answers
98 views

Flawed argument involving anthropic principle?

In his book Time Reborn: From the Crisis in Physics to the Future of the Universe theoretical physicist Lee Smolin takes a shot at the anthropic principle. He is not in favor, because the principle ...
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

Propostions examples

I am learning about propositions types and I was wondering if someone could briefly explain to me Types and Tokes, and provide example of two sentence tokens that are not of the same type. Also ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics?

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics? Or did this rejection only come about with the rise of the logical positivists? By early analytic philosophers i mean, Frege, Russell, and Moore, ...
1
vote
3answers
137 views

Are there two different mathematics in philosophy?

I was looking at arguments about mathematics being a science (or not), here for example, but it seems that these arguments are more about some metaphysical idea of mathematics rather than the subject ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Is this question well posed?

Suppose that there are many people in a room, and that all of the people in this room have to attend a logic class in 1 hour. Suppose that each person is either doing homework that has to be turned in ...
-2
votes
0answers
31 views

Is the era approaching towards thoughts automation? [on hold]

Recent neuroscience research has successfully connected EEG patterns of 2 human beings, using the internet, presenting us with the possibility of a new module in 'social media': brain to brain ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the concept of knowing one's own abilities?

For example, I know that I am strong enough to pick up a feather, but that I am unable to lift up a car. I'm unsure if this is self-awareness, because it does not cover the conscious knowledge of ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Omnipotence: nothing that God is able to bring about due to a lack of power?

Wielenberg proposes the radically different definition of omnipotence (in Omnipotence Again, 2000) x is omnipotent if and only if it is not the case that there is some state of affairs, p, such ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Intensity of experience and quickness of thought

Does any futurist or anyone discuss the possibility that increased brain power makes for more intense experiences of pain and pleasure?
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

About the representations of the mind-brain

Maybe we ,our mind-brain systems are not just a continuous linear sequence of 3-dimensional configurations of neuro-chemical and neuron activity 'states' ; similar to how one can't analyse a computer ...
2
votes
4answers
103 views

Why to know how to multiply numbers does not mean to know the result?

What is the difference between these two situations? A subject thinks she knows somebody's name. However, when asked she cannot recall it immediately. After some efforts, the name is coming and she ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Are humans artifacts?

In the beginning of the SEP article on artifacts, the following is said straight away: An artifact may be defined as an object that has been intentionally made or produced for a certain purpose. ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

Reasons for believing in Monism

Why do any serious philosophers at all believe that only one thing exists in the universe? What are the reasons they give? And are there any serious philosophers that believe no thing exists in the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

A series and B series of time

I'm still fishing for help I guess with the unreality of time. A theorists are said to think that the A series is not reducible to the B. Are there different forms this rejection of reductionism ...
0
votes
3answers
124 views

Was Jesus or Muhammed crazy?

Too my extent of knowledge both claimed to be chosen by God and supposedly heard his voice. Now, both religions claim to be the one and only truth making co-existence ultimately impossible. If ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Regarding Ethical systems

What are the differences between morals and ethics ? Are morals standards of behaviour that everybody in a certain group can agree on or is that an ethical code of behaviour? To the Vikings doing the ...
3
votes
4answers
78 views

The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
1
vote
3answers
372 views

The unanswered questions

Avyākṛta in sanskrit. The Buddha remained silent when asked these fourteen questions. He described them as a net and refused to be drawn into such a net of theories, speculations, and dogmas. ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

What is the paradox of democracy?

What is the paradox of democracy? If there are multiple paradoxes feel free to mention them. I am especially looking for the views of mainstream political philosophers on this. Have some of them ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

In regards to Hume, do geometry, algebra and arithmetic form ideas that do not come from sense perceptions?

"The less forcible and lively are commonly denominated Thoughts or Ideas. The other species want a name in our language, and in most others; I suppose, because it was not requisite for any, but ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the point of Heidegger's authenticity

I understand that the analysis of authenticity is part of his attempt to find the meaning of Being. But I'm not quite getting what it means to be authentic in today's somewhat nihilistic world. Is ...
-5
votes
0answers
36 views

Can citizens have rights without duties? Discuss with examples [closed]

Can citizens have rights without duties? Discuss with examples (answer in 200 words) This was a question asked in a national level exam and I wanted a well rounded opinion on it.The word limit was ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

In all religions what ever existed there are soul and God - two intangible things. From physics we know that there is no difference between particle without eletrical charge, gravity, mass and energy ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
1
vote
4answers
479 views

Why is mathematics fond of infinity, but dismissive towards partially (un)defined operations?

One main reason why the law of excluded middle can fail is that some operations are simply undefined in some contexts. This doesn't even mean that they are undefinable in principle, it just means that ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics again?

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics in analytic philosophy tradition again?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

what is the state of consciousness of inert objects?

Is it defined that inert objects by our scientific subjection of them being non-living have no consciousness at all? If that be so, what about viruses? And how would a rock's consciousness differ from ...
1
vote
3answers
40 views

Why does the concept of the division of labour put forth by Adam Smith continue to be analytically significant?

Is it because the modernity is defined through the extent of division of labour? Also, how tightly has this concept integrated with our current society and how is it affecting it? What measures can be ...
1
vote
3answers
67 views

When is an opinion wrong and why exactly?

People say that it's not an opinion when it's verifiable, or backed with up conclusive facts. "Conclusive facts" are subjective though, and vary from testing. An example would be an argument over the ...
5
votes
2answers
89 views

Peirce's law, law of the excluded middle, and intuitionism.

I have no training in formal logic and have tried to understand how Peirce's law is equivalent to the law of the excluded middle to no avail. I hope someone can explain this to me. Also, in passing, ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Help me dissect this Wittgenstein quote

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But I ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...

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