0
votes
0answers
2 views

How much formal logic and mathematics would I have to study if I focused on continental philosophy?

Based on what I’ve read, and I hope I got it right, continental philosophy is a loose term for the different schools of thought that resist the influence of the analytic tradition. Critical theory, ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
0
votes
2answers
10 views

Does the lack of absurdities in our universe call into question the validity of multiverse theories?

Does the lack of absurdities in our universe call into question the validity of multi verse theories? If the theories about multi verse are to be true and we have explained the immensely improbable ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Does anyone have a good answer to or deconstruction of the 'problem of other minds'?

I'm absolutely obsessed with the problem. I've seen many people dismiss it, and I've seen many arguments against it, none of which seem to cut the logical mustard. The problem for me boils down to ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

What kind of philospher believes many philospical issues can be reduced to defining words?

I will take Fatalism vs Compatibilism as an example. I hold that the only difference between them is the definition of free will. Namely, I prefer the Compatibilistic definition, that free will is ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Good introductory reading to skepticism?

In various works that I've read recently, the writers referred to the skeptics several times, and I thought that maybe I should try actually learning something about them. I was hoping for some text ...
5
votes
3answers
104 views

Can philosophy overcome “the two cultures” divide?

Snow noted a growing divide between "the two cultures" in Western society, scientists and "literary intellectuals", who became increasingly self-absorbed and incomprehensible to each other. One of ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Method to derive conclusions

Suppose, you have been given the following assumptions: 1. (W ⊃ (F ∨ M)) 2. ~F 3. (M ⊃ A) In what way you can come up with conclusion from this? What kind of inferences rules can be used here? I ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Climate change statement - is there a logical fallacy here?

"97% of scientists agree that climate change is caused by humans - if 97% of scientists told you a plane was going to crash, would you get on it?" Arguments about the existence of climate change ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Did Wittgenstein say something about intuition for logic?

When one creates some logical content, like in programming, only naives think that this is a rational way of thinking. In fact, this is based on patterns and intuition. Did Wittgenstein say anything ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

About the philosophy of physicalism

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chineses room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism , and the ideas our minds are identical to our brains?
-2
votes
1answer
33 views

When does one deserve a title and why?

I consider myself to be a minor philosopher in some ways, in at least the sense that I do analyze reason and do "what the other philosophers do", just in my own ways. But it's a tough "title" to have ...
2
votes
4answers
43 views

Is there transformation of self through realization in Western Philosophy

Transformation through realization a.k.a enlightenment is a recurring theme in eastern philosophy. Is there a counterpart for this in Western Philosophical writings?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

Introductory Natural Deduction Question

So I'm new to logic and taking an introductory logic course, and I'm really having trouble with these 2 questions: Using the system of Natural Deduction in the textbook, provide a derivation to ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Question about a proposition of Spinoza's Ethics

In Proposition 29 of Spinoza Ethics, he says that "In nature there is nothing contingent" My questions: What does it mean for something to be contingent? and what follows from the claim that nothing ...
0
votes
7answers
141 views

The blur between proof and evidence

Consider this: Evidence is the foundations of proof. So, enough evidence creates proof. However, how much evidence is needed to make proof depends on the concerning persons' circumstances, ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

I believe in you, do you believe in you? [on hold]

Since it is possible to gain confidence from outside yourself, It should also be possible to gain it from inside based on others' views on you.
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Hardwired Features of Interpretation

Recently, I have been posting here, and it concerns mostly with metaphysics. So: Is interpretation a hardwired feature of the brain and person? So, when we see symbols, we AUTOMATICALLY identify ...
1
vote
3answers
57 views

What is the logical connectives of Then?

What is the Truth Table Analysis of the below argument? If a football is more demanding than tennis and John is good football player, then John can become a good tennis player.But if football is ...
6
votes
3answers
81 views

What justifies probability in the case of a onetime experiment?

If I have an "experiment", the results of which can be classified clearly into "outcomes" (like rolling a die), then I can make a concrete and verifiable empirical claim that "if you repeat this ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why did Bertrand Russell say “art is anarchic and resistant to organization?”

The following is a quote by Bertrand Russell: Unavoidably, although the Government favours art as much as it can, the atmosphere is one in which art cannot flourish, because art is anarchic and ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

Understanding why Quine thinks certain belief sentences are meaningless

According to Quine, the following sentence is literally nonsense: ∃x (Ralph believes that x is a spy) Question: Exactly how does the sentence above devolve into non-sense according to Quine? ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

What are the necessary and sufficient constraints on the world-to-mind direction of fit?

A glossary that John MacFarlane keeps defines direction of fit like so: direction of fit: The direction of the “match” between the world and an intentional state or speech act that is required for ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

The Architecht of The Matrix Reloaded is inspired from UG Krishnamurti? [on hold]

This one is a gem of a movie done with real class. The Matrix was the movie that redefined action in cinema. However, this movie had dialogues that were very differently philosophical. This movie ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya [on hold]

I have heard and also read a little that in 500 B.C. an Indian genius Chankya, caused the fall of Magdha empire, and made a street guy The king named Chandragupta. He was an exceptional strategist and ...
3
votes
3answers
161 views

Is it immoral to buy / own / sell stock in an evil company?

Scenario. I have decided that I should not buy widgets from Company X because I do not want to support various immoral things Company X does to produce said widgets. Claim. It is nonetheless morally ...
3
votes
5answers
149 views

What does Dawkins suggest, is the main flaw in Aquinas's these three arguments?

1 The Unmoved Mover Nothing moves without a prior mover. This leads us to an infinite regress, from which the only escape is God. Something had to make the first move, and that something we ...
2
votes
3answers
130 views

How does one contradiction in argument makes the argument valid?

For any argument such as the following that we solve by "Proof by contradiction" method: (A v B) (A ⊃ C) (B ⊃ D) [ Therefore, (C v D) Assumption: ~(C v D) Therefore, ~C {from 4} Therefore, ~D {from ...
6
votes
4answers
192 views

What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Any evidence for the observer effect?

Is there any evidence for the observer effect, and could that be used to support some form of Idealism over a solely materialist view?
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What does 'our own intrinsic moral value' mean?

[60% down the page]: [Heading:] Is this [a duty to give] too demanding? Singer's argument is clear, and when you consider the drowning child example, pretty seductive. But it does impose ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Logic - 3 Cannibals Riddle Reduced to 2 Steps

From reddit Cannibals ambush a safari in the jungle and capture three men. The cannibals give the men a single chance to escape uneaten. The captives are lined up in order of height, and are tied to ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Is the age of Tristan Kurilla (10 year old charged with homicide) relevant to his trial

One of the top news stories today is that of Tristan Kurilla, a fifth-grader from Pennsylvania, who is being charged with criminal homicide after beating a woman to death. Kurilla is currently being ...
3
votes
5answers
112 views

Invalid arguments with true premises and true conclusion [duplicate]

I'm am study some classical logic and I am having trouble with argument validity. I learned to think of validity as determined by the definition "If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Who is the analog of this character in Anathem?

Background: Some time ago, it was recommended that I read the book Anathem by Neal Stephenson. Since then I have read several others and reread this, my favorite by far. The central concepts of the ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
2
votes
4answers
172 views

Writing is never the same, yet we accept it as the same

Think about this: x When you Write it twice physically, 2x will for example, never look the same as 2x when you write it again. It will look similar, but NEVER the same. Yet we accept the same ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Is there a name for a “You benefited therefore you did it” fallacy?

When talking about conspiracies, you often hear things like group X benefited from event Y therefore group X must have caused event Y I'm sure everyone knows lots of examples: 9-11, ISIS, ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

is descartes theory wrong?

why does Descartes say that the pineal gland in the center of the brain is the gateway between our physical bodies and mental spirits? Is there a problem with this theory?
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Descartes argument on animals

what is Descartes argument for why animals are incapable of reasoning and have no soul? is this argument agreeable?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

what is descartes argument for machines?

what is Descartes argument for why even sophisticated machines will never have capacity to reason? and is the argument agreeable?
2
votes
0answers
27 views

in light of shaffers analysis, what do you think is the best position for and against dualism and materialism?

on shaffers arguments for and against dualism and materialism, what is the best position? and is there a solution to the mind body problem?
3
votes
1answer
103 views

What are some major breakthroughs in the field of philosophy? [on hold]

I am sincerely interested in events or discoveries that can be thought as definitive game changers in the course of philosophy. Russell's Principia Mathematica and its failure, if it can be thought of ...
-2
votes
1answer
24 views

Are evolutionary characteristics impeding progression?

By definition, to be innovative, one must conceive a notion that while valuable and progressive, is unheard of and likely somewhat incomprehensible by the masses. In order to realise a concept, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Basic question on nature of things

Is there anything that is beyond question and that which is beyond doubt? (as everything is temporal, including the subject)
5
votes
7answers
434 views

When is Mathematics not about counting?

A comment on an answer I posted asserted that "Mathematics is NOT always about counting". My thoughts were that if there's a unit (inches / milligrams / light years etc), then someting is being ...

15 30 50 per page