-1
votes
1answer
17 views

Argument against democracy/socialism as an ethical system

If n=4 people showed up and told you, "we're going to take our combined wages and vote about what to do with half of it", most people would consider it theft at best. Even in theory, I can't imagine ...
2
votes
1answer
12 views

For Kant, how is pleasure in beauty disinterested?

Kant states that pleasure in beauty is not based on desire and does not produce any. But don't we usually have a desire to have things that are beautiful in our lives? Such as "this car is beautiful! ...
-2
votes
0answers
11 views

Which is more important in academic philosophy? [on hold]

Semantics or syntax? I think the answer is obvious.
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Name of this philosophy [on hold]

What is the name of the philosophy that states that the only way to know something good is a fact, is by experience? Also what is the name of the philosophy that is opposite of Materialism: Doctrine ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

The unspoken “and” [on hold]

Is there a grammatical correctness to an unspoken "and"? Take two arbitrary sentences A and B. Each is considered a complete sentence. I do not think the unspoken "and" would work in every case A and ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What and how does 'modus tollens' deny? [on hold]

I already understand, and so ask NOT about, the concept of modus tollens. Instead, I wish to ask whether its Latin etymology relates to its modern definition. If only indirectly, then please expose ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Question about Imre Hermann's book Parallelismes

Apparently, in his book Parallelismes, Imre Hermann discusses Hilbert, Brouwer en Russell from the viewpoint of psycho-pathology. Does anyone know whether the entire book is about ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is this criticism of Luce Irigaray's statements on physics accurate?

Wikipedia has this to say about Luce Irigaray Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont, in their book critiquing postmodern thought (Fashionable Nonsense, 1997), criticize Luce Irigaray on several grounds. In ...
1
vote
3answers
72 views

Contradiction between the selfish gene and lack of free will demonstrated by Libet experiment

According to the Libet experiment, there is no such thing as a free will, only the illusion of it. This means that not only biologically every living creature follows a program that is aimed to spread ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Prop IX of spinoza's ethics

This is the english translation I am reading from for Spinoza's Ethics Geometrically. In proposition IX of this work, spinoza states: PROP. IX. The more reality or being a thing has, the greater ...
5
votes
1answer
33 views

Descartes's Third Meditation

Descartes's third meditation, which sets out to prove the existence of God from previous considerations, confuses me greatly. Descartes appears to be trying to make an argument that the source must ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Handling “paradoxes” in logic: The sentence after this is true. The sentence before this is false

My favorite paradox that leads to an endless regress, and also leads to a question: The sentence after this is true. The sentence before this is false When contradictions appear in proofs, ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the truth that you deny? [on hold]

I have heard that there is a Tibetan word that roughly translates to "The truth that we deny" and sounded close to the English word "gotcha." I however cannot locate this word or a source of it. Can ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Why is Philosophy termed as 'Mother of All Sciences'?

Why is Philosophy termed as 'Mother of All Sciences' ?
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is the physicalism/materialism vs dualism debate really just a question of semantics?

Substance dualism is defined as being different from physicalism because it posits 2 different categories of substances in the world as opposed to one category. But throughout the ages, all sorts of ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

How to understand Nozick's response to Descartes's Skeptical Argument?

Consider the following Skeptical Argument: P1. You do not know that you are not a brain in a vat. P2. You know that if you have hands, then you are not a brain in a vat P3. If you know that A, and ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Spinoza's Ethics' Axiom Seven

There seems to be a problem with Axiom VII from Spinoza's Ethics: VII. If a thing can be conceived as non—existing, its essence does not involve existence. How can this be axiomatic? God can be ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Interpretation of a line in the Zhuangzi 4.7

In the Zhuangzi, how can we interpret the end of 4.7 part? ...夫支離其形者,猶足以養其身,終其天年,又況支離其德者乎! "With a crippled body, he's still able to look after himself and finish out the years Heaven gave him. How ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

“Don't do what I tell you not to do” - what to do if you always do the opposite? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if philosophy is the right topic for this, but it's logic and language, so it kind of matches. Me and my friend played a little game this morning where I said "don't do this and that" ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Relationship between Western thoughts and “Eastern thoughts”

I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in Western countries. I am now particularly referring here. ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Will an Omnipotent being ever make an change into the state of this reality

Being able to make any change to the state of reality pretty much makes everything an meaningless endeavor. In my view an Omnipotent being will know everything and anything in it's entirety. He/She ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Introductory books on epistemology for someone interested in artificial intelligence

It was suggested to me, as someone who is interested in going into the field of AGI (artificial general intelligence) that I read up on epistemology (a field in which I am rather unfamiliar). Are ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Is it wise to kill an insect just because it is bothering you [on hold]

Is it wise to kill an insect just because it is wandering around your apartment or just because it is bothering you. I've seen peoples killing small insects just because it is ...
4
votes
3answers
115 views

What are the important effects of studying logic?

I'm working on my assignment in Logic and I'm having a hard time answering this question maybe because my insights about the subject isn't enough because we're just getting started, So can you please ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Why did the majority choose a or c, rather than b or d? [on hold]

First of all, sorry if this is the wrong site. I could not find any better. Feel free to migrate my question to another site. Recently I surfed the web, and found this little fun "what would you ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Please recommend a good book on Physicalism

Can you recommend a good contemporary book that is considered a definitive or classical exposition of Physicalism? I have started reading Daniel Stoljar's Physicalism, but while it seems good, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Consolation rather than justification

It seems that philosophy is usually involved in justifying claims. Does it profer any consolation? Have any philosophers written on the idea of "consolation" or indeed tried to console us?
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Why are philosophy of AI and neurophilosophy separate disciplines and not just topics in the philosophy of mind?

I was reading Paul Churchland's bio and he was described as a neurophilosopher. Moreover, "Neurophilosophy" seems to be used interchangeably with "philosophy of neuroscience" in some places, but the ...
4
votes
6answers
580 views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

the concept of a typewriters (non-Infinite typewriter need not apply) [closed]

Could a collection of monkeys (with possibly uncounted number of typewriters) ever invent an enter or return key(with or without taking a break from typing) that puts the drum (or whatever) back in ...
1
vote
3answers
114 views

How does infinity of numbers and of space work?

Is infinity just continuous generation of numbers, or can space be actually infinite? If it is finite can we see it expand if we went to the edge? When I say "I am counting to infinity" does it mean ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Is a Noble Lie Possible? [on hold]

Plato describes a noble lie in Republic as a falsehood which should be perpetuated for a greater good. I am thinking of a marksman that leads his moving target such that his shot is accurate. The ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Was Wittgenstein foreshadowing Godel?

The Tractatus 6.123: 6.123 Clearly the laws of logic cannot in their turn be subject to laws of logic. (There is not, as Russell thought, a special law of contradiction for each 'type'; one law ...
2
votes
2answers
28 views

Marcus Aurelius on Books

Marcus Aurelius says "But cast away the thirst after books, that thou mayest not die murmuring, but cheerfully, truly, and from thy heart thankful to the gods" in the end of the third paragraph of his ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

The opening of the spirit is not a fracture of the skull [closed]

How do you understand this line : The opening of the spirit is not a fracture of the skull.. its a line from a song
2
votes
0answers
20 views

How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Leibniz, physics and the best of all possible worlds

Liebniz as a scientific thinker is known as a codiscoverer of the Calculus, along with Newton; as a philosopher he is also known for his phrase 'best of all possible worlds', which was apparently an ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Diminishing problems by presenting “bigger” problems- a fallacy?

Wasn't really sure how to phrase this, but I'm thinking of an instance in which someone diminishes a problem by presenting one of larger scope- as a rather shoddy example, "x political problem in ...
1
vote
3answers
71 views

How to interpret “it is possible that x is impossible”?

The question is about the logical form of the sentence, x can be any object or process, actual infinity, tachyon, philosophical zombie, telepathy, etc. To conclude that x is impossible we are supposed ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

How do utilitarians avoid ethical totalitarianism?

Utilitarianism, when dealing with the question of what is the best course of action for a whole group (community, country, society as whole, etc...), states that the maximum benefit for the maximum ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Even accepting the concept of non-locality, how is entanglement possible without rejecting the notion of free will? [closed]

Here's the chain of logic i'm working with, Quantum state is measured -> Measurement collapses quantum system. Following this time line, the information we have about the system is predicated on the ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What logical fallacies exist in David Lewis and Stephanie Lewis' article called “holes”?

In David & Stephanie Lewis' Article "Holes" the nominalist/realist debate gets taken to a phenomena that all of us are likely directly aware of at one point in our lives. Holes. The absent ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Descartes's “cogito” as a continuation rather than a break

Descartes axiom is cogito ergo sum - I think therefore I am; and in one view inaugurated a break in European Philosophy towards modernity by propelling it towards a self-conscious rationalism, to ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Will strict dress code rules make the society better? [closed]

Does imposing dress code on visitors for places such as hospitals, universities, government buildings, libraries and public spaces improve our society? For example, visitors are dictated to wear ...
7
votes
7answers
545 views

Should you read simpler paraphrases before the older original works of philosophy?

I'm self-learning philosophy, but am untrained in linguistics, and fear obscurantism. So I prefer and find more helpful 'paraphrases': (which I define to mean) other philosophers' rewrites and ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

How can you assign a finite value to an outcome of infinite value?

Source: 10 minutes 53 seconds juncture; Lecture 5, Video 4 (transcription); MITx: 24.00x Introduction to Philosophy; by MIT Associate Prof Caspar Hare PhD (Princeton) [...] where infinite rewards ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Are there possible worlds that differ only in the assignment of rigid designators?

Is there an implicit idea in Kripe's definition of rigid designators that rules out the following possible world: Let A, B rigidly designate two things in the real world. Imagine the possible ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

What is the term used for logic statements which are non reversible?

Something along the lines of If A then B, if B then not. A has to be true before B can be true but if B is true first then A isn't true. Is there a term describing this in logic or philosophy?
-2
votes
0answers
56 views

Do dreams provide a practical functionality? [closed]

An agent sleeps. An agent may or may not have dreams. An agent wonders, if a configuration for another agent exists where dreaming is not necessary. xA(x) ^ A(sleeps) xA(x) ^ xA(sleeps) -> ( ...

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