2
votes
1answer
11 views

Literal vs. common translations of “Eudaemonia”

In the (very few) courses on philosophy that I've taken we've always talked about "Eudaemonia" and my teachers/classmates/textbooks/internet searches always translate it as "the flourishing life". ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

Circa 2002, did most philosophers consider philosophical thoughts 'situated'?

Source: p 58, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig.  Could Plato and Hobbes, 2,000 years apart, with their different backgrounds and circumstances, really have been ...
0
votes
1answer
7 views

Why should you remain committed to a principle if it succeeded in the past, but not if you know not its efficacy?

CAUTION: Please edit this question's title, which I probably miswrote as I do not understand the quote below. Source: pp 49-50, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig.   So ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

What debating tactic does the monk Nagasena use against King Milinda?

Source: p 36, Chapter 4, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. Chapter 4 here summarises Milindapañha, the Questions of King Milinda the entirety of which I have not read. ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Why did the chicken cross the road?

I understand more or less why To get to the other side. can be considered to be a valid answer to the question: Why did the chicken cross the road? I don't understand why Aristotle's final ...
4
votes
0answers
13 views

Hobbes/Locke, political freedom/liberty of the subjects in a commonwealth as it relates to their subject’s right to property?

As the question title suggests, how do Hobbes and Locke understand the political freedom/liberty of the subjects in a commonwealth especially as it relates to their subject’s right to property?
2
votes
1answer
23 views

What's the difference between a philosophical ontology and a computational ontology?

A computational ontology is supposed to be decidable and tractable, how else is it different from a philosophical ontology? Is there a peer-reviewed explanation of the similarities and differences ...
1
vote
2answers
13 views

Is there an actually existent distinction between the presence of object to mind and the awareness of the presence of object to mind?

Often times the word 'awareness' is said to mean simply the having of an impression, or the state of knowing which terminates in the object known itself. So for example, the presence of the impression ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

“Whole universe is alone” [on hold]

If we think of this whole universe as one single unit, then we can say "whole universe is alone" with assumption that there is no other universe. So, for whom we are living and why i am writing this ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Is it correct to define a lack of understanding of the scientific method, as a “lack of epistemological education”?

I would like to learn about the scientific method, and philosophy of knowledge, so I'm trying to identify the concepts which I would study. If somebody makes a radically wrong (to be more precise, ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

being in the city ‘off-limits’ or ‘inconceivable’ as much as conceivable

Can anybody explain what the bold sentence want to say? Context: And whilst cities obviously contain bodies, bodies also contain cities. In fact, the city itself functions as an ...
-3
votes
1answer
19 views

Why dont evil people get punishment from God for their sins? [on hold]

I see people destroying life's of other's. Still they are living happy and healthy lives. why?
-2
votes
0answers
12 views

What is your Philosophy of Life? [on hold]

What is the core essence of your beliefs and morals. What is life for you?
-2
votes
0answers
12 views

How do i stand by my personal values and morals forever? [on hold]

How can i as modern man stick to my personal values, morals and beliefs inspite of people provoking me to break my own ethics and rules for them. What if i want to abstain from immoral behavior and ...
3
votes
3answers
36 views

Short article/book about the differences in the styles of doing philosophy?

I'm reading the IEP article on analytic philosophy. The author argues that analytic philosophy originated around the turn of the twentieth century as G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell broke away from ...
0
votes
3answers
26 views

Why cannot reports of a miracle overpower all our experience and laws of nature?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Hume; please tell me if Hume's originals answer my question. Source: pp 30-31, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

moral relativism on science

Can you explain to me what Einstein meant in the following context? Some moral relativists try to say that science can be used to dictate ethics, but even secular scientists admit that science is ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Counterfactual damages?

The government rules that everyone who wants to play a lottery has to buy the ticket before 20 December. The prize is told to be 1'000'000. After 20 December (and before the game ends) the government ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

What would be a good antonym for the term “reflective equilibrium”? [migrated]

The term reflective equilibrium refers to, very simply put, when there's a balance between one's intuition and one's theories about the world. Personally, I tend to strive for the opposite, an ...
3
votes
2answers
50 views

How to counter argument from silence?

When I argue with someone whether something is true, I often have to counter an argument like "If that were true, somebody would have proven it.". The premise of the other side is that there are ...
6
votes
4answers
144 views

Why is “the problem of criterion” problematic?

If I understand it correctly, the problem of criterion is essentially that you can only identify knowledge if you have the criteria for knowledge, but that you can only have the criteria for knowledge ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

How does Wittgenstein's private language argument work against distinguishing sensations?

Wittgenstein writes in his Philosophical Investigations in paragraph 270: Let us imagine a use for the entry of the sign "S" in my diary. I discover that whenever I have a particular sensation a ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Should I be worried about my duplicate's fate like I worry about myself? [on hold]

A common theme in sci-fi is a replicator that can perfectly reconstitute one's physical body. If our feelings, thinking, memory are fully represented in our physical body (arrangement of our neurons, ...
0
votes
3answers
65 views

Why be human species? [on hold]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
2
votes
3answers
39 views

Hume held that the self could not be proved due to its not being an impression or idea, but is not the self necessary for associative capacities?

Associations are principles whereby impressions come to exist in different capacities than by what was received initially. So for example, in having the impression of brown, furry, smelly, and so on ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

How do I counter this argument? [on hold]

Essentially I was in an argument with a pro black/#BlackLivesMatter proponent, and they asserted that the USA is out to get black people, and that white's are constantly killing blacks. I countered ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Anti-Realists and Constructivist interpretation of empirical dating methods?

I'm fairly interested in the realism, anti-realism debate and would like to hear, if possible by an anti-realist or constructivist, how dating methods fit into their world view. As a realist, dating ...
3
votes
5answers
73 views

How do freewill compatibilists define insanity?

Compatabilism is one approach to the problem of freewill in a casually closed world: How to reconcile freewill with a casually determined world (in particular one that follows the laws of physics)? ...
0
votes
3answers
60 views

Literature on Mathematical Universe Hypothesis beyond Tegmark?

I'm looking for further reading about the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis. I'm intrigued and would like to know to which degree this has been discussed. I'm aware and have been looking at Tegmark's ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Can we take decisions? [on hold]

I have thought many times about this. Can we really take decisions? I think that our mind is who takes decisions, these decisions sound in our heads and we have the sensation of taking it by ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Nietzsche's Death of God: Why Zarathustra?

Has there been any literature dealing with the question why Nietsche chose to make Zarathustra the "prophet" of his "Death of God"? in the Gay Science the madman remains unnamed, even though the ...
-3
votes
0answers
40 views

How do i stop talking so much? [on hold]

Many of my co workers have told me that i bore them with excessive talking. How to stop. What should be my philosophy.
1
vote
3answers
93 views

How is temporal logic not vacuously true?

This has been bothering me for a while and I really need your help. A proposition "It will rain tomorrow" isn't like any other proposition, it most resembles an implication of the form "If it is ...
2
votes
5answers
175 views

What could be reasons why incest is wrong?

Rather than explaining with religious restrictions, how could you explain why incest relationship is wrong? How can you explain with morality? Yes, I know scientifically, incest generations are more ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Is “Truth” something like a Dirac Delta Function?

To me, Truth is simply what is the case. It is not a matter of reasoning, and it could not be otherwise. Knowledge is a set of beliefs which accord with reality (what is true). Beliefs can be false. ...
1
vote
4answers
85 views

Is Philosophy “After The Fact” knowledge? [on hold]

A professor once told me that there is no way to distinguish what is true and what is false in our knowledge except to "see what happens." This seems to imply that the only true knowledge is knowledge ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

What would be the difference between property and kind?

Philosopher E.J. Lowe states that There is a clear difference between saying something like ‘Rover is a dog’, in which we assign Rover, a particular animal, to a certain natural kind or species, ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Is this type of induction a problem?

I can understand how the verification of hypotheseses based on inductive reasoning can be problematic, and I understand that a lot of prominent figures in philosophy are in opposition to this (Popper, ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Is there a logic of married bachelors?

I'm sure this question must have a simple clarification, but I am largely unfamiliar with the branches of formal logic and not sure where to look for it. We know that "All bachelors are unmarried ...
3
votes
3answers
54 views

How to address hard to verify claims?

Is it ok to dismiss claims like "If you research it, you will see that X is true" or "If you read this you will see that X is true" or "If you wanted to learn you would read this material and agree ...
-2
votes
0answers
35 views

A logical fallacy? [closed]

Just recently my friend and I were discussing marriage statistics, and I jokingly told him that how every woman that I've met so far was either married or engaged. In response, he said something like, ...
2
votes
4answers
88 views

What is Kant's influence on philosophy of science and the demarcation problem?

Kant's proof of the existence of synthetic apriori knowledge was a response to Hume's fork and his views the problem of induction. Given the relevance of these two concepts to the philosophy of ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How does non-cognitivism not need belief or picking of facts?

Source: pp 282-283, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn However, there is an issue here that divides thinkers into two camps. Consider this equation: ...
0
votes
5answers
87 views

What kind of knowledge can be gathered without testing hypotheses?

Question What is the set of conditions under which a given knowledge can or cannot be acquired without testing (statistics) hypotheses? Thoughts on different fields Below is a list and definitions ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What does it mean to 'objectify' a concern?

Source: Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   [p 274:] Again, we here uncover a central cause of strife and misunderstanding. For communication is ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Why does Simon Blackburn think psychological egoism is ENTIRELY wrong?

Source: p 272, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   [1.] It might be suggested that when we have a concern there must be something in the offing ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

The Logic Of Sense

Can someone help me understand the 11th and 13th series of Delueze's "The Logic Of Sense" I am struggling to fully understand what he is trying to get across with the ideas of: nonsense the ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How does Kant make the transition from proving the existence of synthetic apriori truths to the noumena/phenomena distinction?

I understand how Kant arrives at the existence of synthetic apriori truths, in opposition to Hume's relation of ideas/matters of fact distinction. I also understand the overall epistemic distinction ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Is the topic of adoption by same-sex couples treated by contemporary applied ethics?

The Italian parliament is currently discussing whether to allow same-sex couples the possibility of step-child adoption. This is fueling a heated debate across the whole country, but, as far as I can ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...

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