0
votes
0answers
5 views

Identify the type of fallacy

'Giving charity to young healthy beggars is wrong. Thus, charity is a wrong policy.' Is this a fallacy of converse accident or of composition?
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Asymmetries in two opposite arguments from ignorance

Joe claims: "There is no proof that unicorn exist, therefore unicorns do not exist". Alice claims: "There is no proof that unicorns do not exist, therefore unicorns exist". Bob claims: "There is no ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

It's impossble for time/reality to always have existed - is this an a priori fact? [on hold]

It seems to me blatantly obvious that reality can't always have existed. Causality 'flows' or 'points' only in one direction, in the sense that whether reality has always existed or something came ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

A sequence of tokens without contingent ordering

Does any sequences of tokens belonging to some type have a contingent order? Tokens are [a type's] particular concrete instances (to put it in an intuitive and preliminary way) So e.g. the ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Mathematical theorems and science

We know mathematics is applied constantly in science to solve problems, even if sometimes (e.g: modern physics) there is not always a intuition of why such theorems can be applied (since there isn't ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

Is there any philosopher who “dug” deep enough into the role of book-keeping in certain social condition(s)?

To me, book keeping implies more than many might think, since if and only if everything is settled precisely, which means, no surplus value, nor difference between the movement of the price of the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Can ghosts exist?

Suppose you define a "ghost" as something without a material body. I remember Merleau-Ponty claiming (implicitly?) that out of body experiences are impossible... would this mean that disembodied ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Types with only one token

This article seemed to me to suggest that a kind can occur more times than it has tokens, even if the token is a concrete object. E.g. mister smith is a single token that occurs twice in the list of ...
-1
votes
2answers
75 views

How could life not propagate in a computer model given quadrillions of years?

Okay, let's say that you are a genius and an expert computer programmer, thousands of years beyond our time. You have a complete understanding of the universe that we live in, and the fundamental ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

Should scientific theories be self-consistent?

Bridgeman writes in A Physicist's Second Reaction to Mengenlehre:"The feeling that actually existing things are not self-contradictory is so elemental as to almost constitute a definition of what we ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Does the Church-Turing-Deutsch principle (i.e the physical version of the Church-Turing thesis) imply reductionism?

In the following I am not considering substance dualism or idealism, but only materialist/physicalist theories. The Church-Turing thesis states: Every ‘function which would naturally be ...
-2
votes
0answers
48 views

Is it possible that gravity is created by the empty space in all matter? [on hold]

Everything is made up of atoms, which are made up of 99% empty space. Thus, everything is made up of 99% empty space; furthermore everything has gravity. Given this, is it a plausible theory to ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

The ultimate 'Heart' and 'Brain' question [on hold]

Heart and Brain - although of significant importance in Anatomy, equally significant, but in a completely different sense in the realm of Literature. I'd like to know how the earliest literati ...
6
votes
2answers
54 views

What's a good source for refreshing my formal logic skills prior to graduate school?

I need to flex my formal logic muscles prior to graduate school--I've had a dry spell in my logic practices while finishing my mathematics degree, particularly since the logic used in analysis, ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Is it good to have a country following a particular religion? [on hold]

My question includes two parts. Firstly, I would like to know whether it is justified to have the division of countries with respect to religion. Secondly, I have heard that in some countries people ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

When is imprisonment actually compatible with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

In the Human Rights field there are many ongoing discussions about the way people are treated in prisons and whether their treatment is in line with their universal human rights. Take for an example ...
-1
votes
2answers
46 views

How much did sophists actually charge?

I'd be content with an answer of 'unknown' if it's out there.
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Are there non-disproved proofs of God's existence? [on hold]

I encountered lots of "proofs" for the existence of God made by Leibniz, Gödel and others, but I was wondering if there are any that have not been disproved. Could you suggest any?
3
votes
4answers
63 views

Is there any philosophical school of thought arguing for the primacy of words over symbols or mathematics in explaining things?

I'm not claiming that words are superior to symbols in all respects. I'm just curious if there is a school of thought arguing that natural language has more use than mathematics or formal language in ...
0
votes
3answers
46 views

The Unskilled Argument

Two people X and Y. What is the name of the argument that falls under X not being as "good" as Y, but X knows Y is doing something wrong in a subject. But Y's primary counter-argument says that X ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Facts and Patterns

I was sympathetic about an ontology of patterns, but it seem it is lacking. How can a monistic theory of patterns ( math, physical things, mental states can all be seen as patterns ) genuine deal ...
2
votes
4answers
127 views

Why does Marxism equate to Communism?

As I understand it, Karl Marx was anticaptitalism, but is that such a bad thing? I have not read the Communist Manifesto. I have read a brief summary of his ideas which translated to finding meaning ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

divides three kind unity in kant's Critique of Pure Reason

I'm totally new in philosophy, but according to my reading on transcendental Aesthetic and transcendental logic and categories ,I'd like to divide three kind of unity like this : 1- Unity of ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

“No morality, only that which actually happens”

Is there a name in the philosophical literature to the belief I hold, namely that moral statements, even if true, are useless, since just because something is good doesn't mean it will happen? And ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Questions from a new introduction to modal logic by Hughes and Cresswell

I just want to see if I got this correct. Show that the following wff is valid in every seating arrangement: Mp -> (Lq->Mq). Here's my argument: Assume player A sees at least one player B that ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Can Thomas Nagel be considered a pantheist?

I have recently come across Thomas Nagel's book "Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False", which I've only skimmed. I've also just finished ...
0
votes
3answers
258 views

Propositions that are always true, but aren't tautologies?

Consider the following statements: "Snow melts during the day in the Sahara" "A human will die without oxygen" "Photons have no rest mass" These are statements that are always true, not ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Do linguists call human language “natural”? [closed]

From a recent question (Could a programming language be considered as a language?), it came to me the impression that there may be some confusion about the terminology professional linguists use, when ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

If we all came from Adam and Eve [closed]

How many descendants are required before sexual relations is no longer incest ? This is an ethical question, and is based on most societal systems rejecting incest, however if you follow the logic, ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Is forced labor without pay under poor work conditions , slavery?

In Canada, our prison system has a type of forced labor which the prisoners are not paid, the equipment is unsafe and has caused potentially life threatening injuries not limited to loss of limbs. ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Is there a maximum accuracy for positions in the universe? [migrated]

I was thinking how, since an object in our universe can move from one position to another, it must have passed through all the positions between those two positions. (I am thinking it moved it a ...
7
votes
9answers
2k views

Could a programming language be considered as a language? [closed]

This question might seem like it answers itself, but I urge you to consider the possibilities and the impact this could have on society. As a systems engineer, programming is more common to me than ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Are semantics language independent? [closed]

If a word meant for a real world object , and the meaning defines that object then is that meaning a language depended one ? If so how can we represent it and processes it ?
4
votes
0answers
58 views

What were Michel Foucault's most important ideas?

Back when I was studying at university I met the occasional person who spoke about, and seemed to like, Foucault. For a while I had a passing interest in him, and even bought a reader, but found his ...
9
votes
2answers
130 views

What are the practical applications of modal logic?

I'm a computer science and philosophy double major. I know logic is paramount in computer science, but what about modal logic? Are there any practical applications in computer science and perhaps even ...
0
votes
4answers
84 views

Why Are All Heroes State Actors? [closed]

By and large, celebrated heroes are always state actors - police, military, etc. Super-G skiers, accomplished physicist, and/or gymnast are rarely referred to as heroes by the news media. Is it that ...
8
votes
3answers
442 views

How did the logical positivists respond to Gödel's incompleteness theorem?

In a lecture on philosophy of science I recently listened to, it was stated that Quine was the one who decisively refuted the logical positivist program. I've also read that Quine and Popper were ...
6
votes
2answers
122 views

Is formal education required to fully grasp (academic/analytic) philosophy?

If a person has access to all the readings but lack (peer/mentor)-interaction under formal setting (e.g: university, cutting-edge seminar...) is this study likely doomed to fail? (e.g: lead to an ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

How can my religious views be classified?

I was wondering if there's a name for my religious views. I'm pretty sure it would be some form of agnosticism. I would say: It would be logical that there exists one or more entities we can ...
-4
votes
0answers
31 views

Paraphrasing a popular idiom [closed]

In movies, the good guys always take a set-back before coming out on top. I have invented the phrase 'what goes down must come up'. Are there other instances of this idea, and more particularly, is ...
-2
votes
0answers
29 views

Chicanery - Why Do We Trust Deceivers? [closed]

This seems counterintuitive to me yet, I observe this in daily life. For example bankers and lawyers wear fine suits. Every human knows that people dress like that for a reason - to appear ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

how to deal with “the unknown unknown” [on hold]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GiPe1OiKQuk alot of people make fun of Rumsfeld for the "unknown unknowns", but i'm wondering how a person like him would start to try to get his hands around the ...
-4
votes
1answer
36 views

Do lack of worries or worries, decrease or increase philosophical thought? [on hold]

Do people tend to get more epiphanies(eureka moments, definite solutions to problems) when in a calm worry-free state or in a worried state because of the need to change the situation.
2
votes
3answers
72 views

What is the difference between the illogical and the nonsensical?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein mentions the following: "3.03 Thought can never be of anything illogical, since, if it were, we should have to think illogically." "3.032 It is as impossible to ...
0
votes
5answers
115 views

Capital punishment and morality

I'm surprised this never came up. For me, capital punishment may or may not have its place, but if it does then it acts to absolve the punished individual of their guilt. Sometimes this is preferable ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

How can the objects in an object theory be defined?

How can the objects in all object theories be defined? Do meta-theories refer to things which aren't objects (so defined)?
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Why does philosophy exist?

If Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. As defined by Wikipedia. Then if ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Permanence of thoughts

I'm sure many of you have experienced this and possibly wondered about the question yourself. When watching many things, I like to ponder different philosophies and I like to question my own ideas, ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Men Incarcerated 10x More Than Women in USA [closed]

What does this mean? Does anyone know of any studies on this phenomenon? Are we to believe that men are 10x more immoral and/or misbehaving than women? Or, are men held to a different standard? ...

15 30 50 per page