1
vote
1answer
10 views

If determinism is true, what was the first event? Is time infinite? [duplicate]

How can all events be causally related if there is no initial event?
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Why does not Hobbes opine as sin: man's nature, desires and other passions?

Source: p , Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Chapter 13, Leviathan (1651), by Thomas Hobbes. 10) It may seem strange to some man ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

What did Mill mean: 'one in which the claims of justice are waived, in obedience to other considerations.'?

Source: p 487 Top Right, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). 1. Primary Source: Utilitarianism (1863) by J.S. Mill . 2. Paraphrase: p 31 Top Left, (2008) ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What did Mill mean: 'The precept of returning good for evil has never been regarded as a case of the fulfilment of justice'?

Source: p 487 Top Right, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). 1. Primary Source: Utilitarianism (1863) by J.S. Mill . 2. Paraphrase: p 31 Top Left, (2008) ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Did Aristotle err in writing 'everything inequitable is unlawful'?

Source first encountered: p 482-484, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Bekker Number 1130 B, around Lines 11-13, Nicomachean Ethics by ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What are some different types and varieties of of preference utilitarianism?

What if the preference of the individual is for lessening the suffering of kittens? However arbitrary that may seem, what if in the same light, one has the preference of lessening the suffering of ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What did the Tractatus (really) say about Kant's absolute / in itself value?

(The A to Z of Kant and Kantianism, pg. 31) Do we not need philosophy, in the wake of religion (apologies for my lack of grounding in that huge literature on Wittgenstein's 'way of life'), to find ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

What does Sartre mean by “freedom alone can account for a person in his totality”?

Could you please tell me what is the meaning of Sartre's saying: "freedom alone can account for a person in his totality"?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

According to “proper speech” in Buddhism's eight-fold path, is cursing allowed if it's necessary to get the point across? [migrated]

One of the points of Buddhism the eight fold lists "proper speech," but does this propriety in speech include the ability to insult others or express yourself strongly through the use of curse words/ ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

πίστις (Faith/Conviction) In Plato's Apology

In Plato's Apology, a main question is that between belief and knowledge, between the pretense of Socrates' accusers and the simple truth of Socrates, between the laws of men and the laws that ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

Is the United States currently the most fascistically inclined country on the face of the planet? [on hold]

While not endorsing anything near to the Third Reich's 'final solution', in all other respects, is not the United States the most fascistically oriented country extant currently?
0
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0answers
25 views

Can the material conditional be used in other situations?

Can the material conditional in classical logic (e.g. propositional logic or predicate logic like first-order logic) be used to reason about propositions that are not factual? E.g., using a ...
-4
votes
0answers
28 views

Why are most of us standing poised at the edge of brilliance, and haunted by the knowledge of our proximity? [on hold]

‘Most of us stand poised at the edge of brilliance, haunted by the knowledge of our proximity, yet still demonstrably on the wrong side of the line.’ Alain de Botton, The Pleasures and Sorrows of ...
2
votes
3answers
64 views

Why should one philosophize instead of acting?

I was recently discussing the idea of beauty with one of my colleagues and how beauty should be defined. He brought up the fact that nowadays many beauty standards are set by the media, which ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Why is the Whole Truth not being elucidated by individuals who understand that 'empirical truth' is not the entire answer?

Throughout all of human history, sages and seers, both theists and atheists, in both eastern and western religio-philosophical realms, have attempted to elucidate the Whole Truth for the benefit of ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is empirical truth subjective or objective?

There are two kinds of knowledge. 1. Information which is the truth. 2. Information masquerading as the truth. Is empirical truth, subjective, or objective? How much truth is contained within ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Can love be regarded as a purely chemical reaction? [on hold]

Can love be regarded as a purely chemical reaction? If yes, is there a reason that it shouldn't be? Please answer beyond the scope of a simple mind-body dichotomy.
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Suppose you accept Hard Determinism, how would you react to these situations

Suppose that after much thought you fully accept Hard Determinism. How might your reactions to the following situations differ now that you're a hard determinist? a. O.J. Simpson is tried for another ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

What could a jew do, when he arrived with a train in Auschwitz?

Can questions like "What could a jew do, when he arrived with a train in Auschwitz?" really be answered? Do such questions have a place in philosophy? What about analytic philosophy? Works of ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Faith offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Knowledge and Christian Faith (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is whether the ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

What does Charles Taylor mean by 'moral accent'?

Source: p 471 Middle Left, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 26 Middle, The Ethics of Authenticity by Charles Taylor   The notion ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Why is Taylor's ethic of authenticity not a middle position or a tradeoff?

Source: p 470 Bottom, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 22 Bottom - 23 Top, The Ethics of Authenticity by Charles Taylor   What I ...
2
votes
4answers
87 views

Philosophically speaking, is there a time where illusion should / could be desired over reality?

Looking at things like Plato's cave, the people trapped in the Matrix (movie trilogy), and Star Trek the original series episode "The Menagerie" as points of reference/ touchstones for the answer(s), ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Does anyone claim that absolute or in itself value (in Kant's senses) must be about something which exists?

Do these sorts of value depend on the valuable thing existing? I'm asking just because I'm suspicious of valuable things which do not always exist, and want to (eventually) find the terminology for ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What makes the material conditional material?

What makes the material conditional material (also called the material implication)? What does this logical connective have to do with matter? Googling doesn't seem to help.
3
votes
5answers
156 views

Why does the material conditional have the truth table it does?

Can someone provide me with the simplest possible argument for why the material conditional has the truth table it does? Googling doesn't help at all, providing only flimsy heuristic arguments. I ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Does this justify truth-table of material conditional?

I'm sure someone has thought of this before, but I haven't seen this justification (if it is one at all) for why the truth-table of the material conditional is the way it is in both literature on the ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

What do logicists mean when they try to “reduce mathematics to logic”?

I've read a lot about Russell and other Logicism advocates and their trial to reduce math to logic. But what does that mean? We know that all known mathematics can be reduced to Set theory, is that ...
6
votes
3answers
94 views

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

John Stuart Mill famously said: It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Why does “A if and only if B” imply that A and B have the same truth value?

Let A and B be two propositions. "A if and only if B" means that A is true if B is true and that A is true only if B is true. Can you please intuitively explain why "A if and only if B" implies that A ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

What is the point of prayer for theological rationalists?

Of course, there are psychological aspects, you can unify a community or concentrate on your life goals. I feel like Christians try to do something like that when they say that prayer should be a ...
0
votes
5answers
66 views

How to approach if a,b,c ⊨ d then a→d OR b→d OR c→d

I don't know how to approach this question. I thinks this is right because semantic consequence defines a syntactic consequence. Thanks.
0
votes
1answer
39 views

What type of fallacy is this? Appeal to some sort of generalization?

What type of fallacy is this? [1]. John says: "People are getting shorter" [2]. Mary says: "I will classify Johns claim as an outright lie, because people have been increasing in stature in the ...
-4
votes
1answer
29 views

Are the intensities of happiness of the poor and the rich the same? [on hold]

[This question was not given deliberately. This slightly changed question was actually an answer to a 'held' question -- (Happiness - Are rich people really happy?) which I was not allowed to answer ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Why is it that mimicking some cultures/races is more socially acceptable than others? [on hold]

Okay, so hear me out. If I were to mimic a Chinese persons accent and facial expressions, then discuss a food like 'dim sims', it would be considered hurtful and racist by many. If I were to draw a ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

How can the practical law be subjective according to Kant?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) by Immanuel ...
4
votes
2answers
33 views

What did Kant mean when distinguishing a jewel vs its setting, to analogise good will?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) by Immanuel Kant ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Why does a change in one word/ phrase make a differnence in understandability and impact?

Why are people oftentimes more drawn to inaccurate, inflammatory (or consequently downplaying) descriptions of what reality is instead of looking at things for what they are? And why do these changes ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God?

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God? Specifically, I'd be interested in any philosophers who have provided a thorough and rigorous defense of the existence of a Judeo-...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Is “a vote for a third party is a vote for x” a valid argument?

Quite often nowadays you see things like "a vote for a third party is a vote for Trump/Hillary" (depending on what side of the political spectrum you typically fall on). I understand the argument here....
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How to infer ¬Q when there seems to be no way to

Rule #1: No man shall hit another man. Rule #2: If someone breaks Rule #1, then Rule #1 does not apply to such a one. My specific question is: How can someone infer that Rule #1 does apply to him? ...
5
votes
3answers
127 views

Is music just another language?

In this video (starting around 00:28:30) the interviewer, Bryan Magee, and Noam Chomsky discuss musical composition as a form of thinking without language. But it seems trivial to me that music is a ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Is It Possible For A Computer To Have A Desire?

I suppose another way to ask it is, is it possible for a computer to feel?
0
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0answers
28 views

Why did Hume opine that 'Truth is disputable; not taste'?

Source: p , Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Paragraph 5, Section 1, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) by David ...
8
votes
6answers
122 views

Given Marx's original theory of alienation, why is he interpreted as being anti-individualist?

In a video discussion (starting at 0:59:48), Massimo Pigliucci says that he doesn't like Marx's theory of society because it reduces humans to social insects, devoid of individualism. Similarly, ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What is relative, and what is absolute? [closed]

Attempting to rationalise understanding, I came to the conclusion some time ago that everything is relative. This is akin to Wittgenstein's concept of family resemblance; namely that no word has ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Are the consequences of omission worse than those of a mistake?

An individual has the responsibility to make a decision that will affect them and those who directly depend on them - their siblings. Deciding is mandatory. The consequences of that decision will ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Would expunging religion from politics constitute an incursion of religion into politics? [closed]

In this talk Richard Dawkins urges atheists to fight the incursion of religion into politics. But if atheism is itself a religious belief, would such a movement's greatest and easiest success, be to ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? Is he right to?

Heidegger on Marx Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? He seems to. Leaving aside the I think frank ludicrousness of the demand, suppose that it's true, and that this stymies ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How specifically does Thomas Hurka 'test for the best knowledge'?

Source: p 425 Middle Left. Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 3. The Well-Rounded Life (The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 84, No. 12 (...

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