0
votes
0answers
1 views

Regarding atheism and religeon

There are alot of debates and argument about whether a 'monotheistic' God exists or not; note, it is usually directed towards the Judeo-Christian Bible. Yet what about arguments about whether the ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Are actions amoral?

Can action have a moral attached to it or is it the intentions behind the action that has moral? Or is this question meaningless because action cannot exist without intention, therefore the action ...
1
vote
4answers
37 views

Why does the average mind act to fulfill his desires?

Let's consider the following experiment: We tell a human to choose between two things, one is a "tasty" dish, and the other is a dish that doesn't is flavorless. Those two dishes have the same ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Do human rights exist?

What is the basis for believing that there is such a thing as human rights? I am all for human rights but it could be argued that the notion of human rights is imaginary and reducable to absurdity ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Marc Lange's stability concept of laws of nature: how do disjunctive antecedents work?

Dear philosophizing community! I'm an ecology student who's dabbling into philosophy of science. I'm currently writing a term paper on laws of nature (with a focus on ecology as a special science) ...
2
votes
2answers
27 views

Does any ethical theory concern value prioritization?

Please pardon my wordings (a big hurdle for a non-native english speaker) My short knowledge recognizes Kant's system quite unique in the sense that it does not have any materialistic value ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

“Value” of an individual in a complex situation

In the movie Time Machine (2002) there is a scene in which the protagonist and his girlfriend are walking in the park and the robber they meet wants to take her ring (bought for her by the ...
-2
votes
0answers
31 views

Is being selfish a good thing or a bad thing? [on hold]

Should I care about my family in need or should I care about other people in need??
4
votes
4answers
91 views

Is human exceptionalism justifiable?

This is syntactically a little awkward, but my question is: Is there some objective sense in which the differences, taken in sum, between humans and other animals are greater than the differences ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What are the implications of spreading stories that are fake solely because they support a opinion?

I see quite often on many social mediums, the radio, news, as well as advertisements everywhere statements that are untrue or are misleading that support certain opinions. I think it is completely ...
0
votes
3answers
36 views

Looking for specific term to describe those ideas which are commonly held without proper justification or questioning

These ideas might be true/false, but people just assume them. An example would be: you need some kind of money/currency for a civilization to be functional.
3
votes
0answers
40 views

What would Kant say about an irrational person?

I've been reading about Kant and everything I've read so far assumes that as we make ethical decisions we are dealing with a rational person. For example, Kant argued that rational beings can never be ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Determinism vs the existence of God

If the universe were deterministic (determinism, understood as the ability to accurately foresee all properties of universe at arbitrary time (or "time-space")), would it mean that God cannot exist ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

regarding the authority of past philosophy writers [on hold]

If some madman who hates philosophy found a way to destroy all works of philosophy where-ever they exist in print or electronically stored so the only 'rememberences' of such work are 'with' a few ...
6
votes
4answers
145 views

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Examples of some creative philosophical theories applied to classical historical problems that have changed the world/ situation

I'm interested to know if there some very creative application of some philosophical/ management theories that were applied to some timeless problems which yielded result that probably surprised ...
5
votes
5answers
151 views

Is C.S. Lewis argument for absolute morality valid?

I just stumbled on this argument from a Christian website that claims it is from C.S. Lewis' Mere Christianity: The moment you say that one set of moral ideas can be better than another, you are, ...
5
votes
11answers
2k views

Are religious assertions as authentic as scientific ones? [on hold]

If we're made to believe that water is composed of billions of molecules actually, but we've never saw it or observed it, still that scientific fact establishes a conceptual notion that yes, things ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why has cynicism acquired a negative connotation? [on hold]

It seems to me that people criticize others for being cynical. But why is cynicism so bad? Upon reflection, it is easy to see that a lot of people are not very trustworthy. So, I think everyone is ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

Supervaluationism and Theories of Truth

How does the supervaluationalist defend his/her theory of truth since the correspondence theory of truth seems to presuppose bivalence? It would seem then that the only truth is Super-Truth. And, the ...
3
votes
3answers
61 views

Is mathematics as a concept value-laden?

Joan Robinson in Economic Philosophy writes: Perhaps Gunnar Myrdal is too sweeping when he says (speaking as an economist) that 'our very concepts are value-loaded' and 'cannot be defined except ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Can a non-falsifiable belief ever be justified (besides for tautologies)?

Probably thanks to Popper, a scientific theory would never be taken seriously if it wasn't as least in some way falsifiable. Without getting into the nitty-gritty of the many theories of ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

How does abstraction/generalization in mathematics fit into inductive reasoning?

I have a question about the nature of generalization and abstraction. Human reasoning is commonly split up into two categories: deductive and inductive reasoning. Are all instances of generalization ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

How does Marxist Economics account for taxation?

In Marxs theory of Capital, he suggests that the origin of profit (in a factory) is surplus labour. (A factory may as well be a company, a record label or a health-care unit). The government by ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [on hold]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

The Queerness Argument

I am looking for the best way to counter the Argument from Queerness by Mackie. Does anyone have a "standard" way to counter Mackie's argument? Is there an example which
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is the hard problem of consciousness really an issue about its operationalization?

Consider the following: S1: The assumption that “the chair has certain affordances (weathered, rickety, sturdy, available, etc.)” is a non-arbitrary subroutine in an operant or respondent activity ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Are information carrying systems of the same complexity equivalent? (integrated information theory)

I have just come into contact with the integrated information theory of consciousness (and its relatives), which would have it that consciousness stems from information-rich (and integrated) systems. ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Material Conditional Not Logically Equivalent?

Hi all this is my first time using this site so I hope I am presenting this properly, apologies if not. It is said that “a → b” and “¬(a and ¬ b)” are logically equivalent but I do not understand ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Estimating the “goodness” of a proposition [on hold]

I am a software developer who is studying mathematics and logic. I made this proposition, I wanted to see how good it is, from your perspective as experts. It is not actually known whether ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Unconscious Mental States and the Ontological Subjectivity of Reality

Searle claims that social reality is ontologically subjective. By this, should one interpret him as meaning that our perception of reality is ontologically subjective since perception requires ...
6
votes
2answers
105 views

Epistemic justification - 'turtles all the way down'?

There's an age old problem (though I'm not sure of it's age exactly) regarding epistemic justification: how can I be justified in anything that I know to be true, even a principle as basic as modus ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why is Tarski's semantic theory of truth formally correct and materially adequate?

In "The Semantic Conception of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics" (1944) Alfred Tarski asserts that a satisfactory definition of truth must be both formally correct and materially adequate. A ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Is the universe just a mathematical construct?

Consider some continuous mathematical function. You can define it as a set of initial conditions and a set of rules to extend it to the rest of its domain. For instance, for a linear function, y = mx ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Are there any comprehensive undergrad level philosophy books about definitions?

Although I believe that I now have some vague idea about what the fundamental subject matter of philosophy presumably concerns, I (nevertheless) still occasionally come across philosophical writings ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Is the Ideal World a possible world? [closed]

Is there any sense in postulating that there is a way to reach a so called "Ideal World"? By Ideal World I mean, in a sense, the best of all possible worlds.
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Saussure and structuralism

I'm talking about structuralism in an anthropological and philosophical context, that is, the notion that human behaviour and perception are determined by structures (linguistic, cultural...) that are ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Need of source for the 2nd half of “On sense and reference”

As you know, much of the second half of “On Sense and Reference” is devoted to carefully considering when subordinate clauses and embedded sentences contribute customary or indirect senses to the ...
5
votes
3answers
93 views

Why is “unless” considered a conditional/disjunction rather than an equivalence/exclusive or?

The English connective "unless" is commonly considered a conditional or a disjunction (which are really the same thing with some slight re-arrangements and "not"s). Here is an example. Quoting that ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

“pleasure” vs “happiness”

With regards to the field of philosophy, are there any notable precise definitions of "pleasure" and "happiness"? How does "pleasure" compare to "happiness" and vice-versa?
5
votes
3answers
135 views

Is there such a thing as a 'necessary truth'?

Wikipedia (note the redirect) defines 'necessary truth' as statements which "could not be untrue", and I assume that this is how the term is usually used. A search through the SEP shows that while ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the title of Sarte's essay on eye/sight/vision?

I read an essay by Sartre many years ago. It was an interesting discussion about eye, eyesight and vision. I cannot remember the details, and that's why I want to read it again. Do you know the title ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Can we have objective knowledge? [on hold]

Is agentive activity included in every representation (intension)? If so the extension of every representation includes some information about the interactivity between the representing agent and the ...
3
votes
4answers
186 views

Generalizing mathematical concepts

It's sometimes useful and interesting to generalize mathematical concepts - e.g., turning the familiar notion of number of things in a given set into the concept of cardinality of a set, etc. Lately I ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What social class was Socrates from?

Its well known that Plato was from the aritocratic elite of Athenian society. In his writings Socrates figure as his pre-eminent philosophical spokesperson. There is a adage, which might be a truism ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Was Marx a defender of capitalism?

I have studied Marx in a lot of subjects in the school, such as History, Sociology, Economy and Political Sciences. The bad side of this is that each professor told me different things about Marx. ...
-2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is being a human and being a philosopher the same thing? [closed]

Sorry if this appears vague, but if we take being human as meaning "having a capacity for reason" and being a philosopher as meaning "a lover of wisdom", the 2 could seem so similar, that in a sense, ...

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