3
votes
0answers
15 views

Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya

I have heard and also read a little that in 500 B.C. an Indian genius Chankya, caused the fall of Magdha empire, and made a street guy The king named Chandragupta. He was an exceptional strategist and ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Is it immoral to buy stock in an evil company?

Scenario. I have decided that I should not buy widgets from Company X because I do not want to support various immoral things Company X does to produce said widgets. Claim. It is nonetheless morally ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

What does Dawkins suggest, is the main flaw in Aquinas's these three arguments?

1 The Unmoved Mover Nothing moves without a prior mover. This leads us to an infinite regress, from which the only escape is God. Something had to make the first move, and that something we ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How does one contradiction in argument makes the argument valid?

For any argument such as the following that we solve by "Proof by contradiction" method: (A v B) (A ⊃ C) (B ⊃ D) [ Therefore, (C v D) Assumption: ~(C v D) Therefore, ~C {from 4} Therefore, ~D {from ...
6
votes
3answers
117 views

What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

observer effect any evidance for it

Is there any evidence for the observer effect and could that be used to support some form of Idealism over a solely materialist view am curious to know people thoughts on the matter.
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

What does 'our own intrinsic moral value' mean?

[60% down the page]: [Heading:] Is this [a duty to give] too demanding? Singer's argument is clear, and when you consider the drowning child example, pretty seductive. But it does impose ...
1
vote
3answers
104 views

Logic - 3 Cannibals Riddle Reduced to 2 Steps

From reddit Cannibals ambush a safari in the jungle and capture three men. The cannibals give the men a single chance to escape uneaten. The captives are lined up in order of height, and are tied to ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Is the age of Tristan Kurilla (10 year old charged with homicide) relevant to his trial

One of the top news stories today is that of Tristan Kurilla, a fifth-grader from Pennsylvania, who is being charged with criminal homicide after beating a woman to death. Kurilla is currently being ...
3
votes
5answers
83 views

Invalid arguments with true premises and true conclusion [duplicate]

I'm am study some classical logic and I am having trouble with argument validity. I learned to think of validity as determined by the definition "If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Who is the analog of this character in Anathem?

Background: Some time ago, it was recommended that I read the book Anathem by Neal Stephenson. Since then I have read several others and reread this, my favorite by far. The central concepts of the ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
2
votes
4answers
137 views

Writing is never the same, yet we accept it as the same

Think about this: x When you Write it twice physically, 2x will for example, never look the same as 2x when you write it again. It will look similar, but NEVER the same. Yet we accept the same ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Is there a name for a “You benefited therefore you did it” fallacy?

When talking about conspiracies, you often hear things like group X benefited from event Y therefore group X must have caused event Y I'm sure everyone knows lots of examples: 9-11, ISIS, ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

is descartes theory wrong?

why does Descartes say that the pineal gland in the center of the brain is the gateway between our physical bodies and mental spirits? Is there a problem with this theory?
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Descartes argument on animals

what is Descartes argument for why animals are incapable of reasoning and have no soul? is this argument agreeable?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

what is descartes argument for machines?

what is Descartes argument for why even sophisticated machines will never have capacity to reason? and is the argument agreeable?
2
votes
0answers
27 views

in light of shaffers analysis, what do you think is the best position for and against dualism and materialism?

on shaffers arguments for and against dualism and materialism, what is the best position? and is there a solution to the mind body problem?
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What are some major breakthroughs in the field of philosophy?

I am sincerely interested in events or discoveries that can be thought as definitive game changers in the course of philosophy. Russell's Principia Mathematica and its failure, if it can be thought of ...
-2
votes
1answer
24 views

Are evolutionary characteristics impeding progression?

By definition, to be innovative, one must conceive a notion that while valuable and progressive, is unheard of and likely somewhat incomprehensible by the masses. In order to realise a concept, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Basic question on nature of things

Is there anything that is beyond question and that which is beyond doubt? (as everything is temporal, including the subject)
4
votes
6answers
350 views

When is Mathematics not about counting?

A comment on an answer I posted asserted that "Mathematics is NOT always about counting". My thoughts were that if there's a unit (inches / milligrams / light years etc), then someting is being ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Does anyone know of any essays on Adam's Thesis and Deontic Conditionals?

I'm curious if anyone knows of any essays which concerns how deontic conditionals fit with Adam's Thesis. (Adam's Thesis is the idea that the probability of an indicative conditional A > C is equal ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

If deduction does not exist in regards to the free will, is omniscience possible with omnipotence?

As the argument goes: If God is omniscient, he must already know how he is going to intervene to change the course of history using his omnipotence. But that means he can't change his mind about ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Please explain me PST, NST, DST

I am a maths major, but have a humanities course in philosophy of rationality. I missed 3 classes back to back, and in those classes I missed these topics- Theory of intentional action (some guy ...
-1
votes
4answers
101 views

Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [on hold]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Could philosophy still work as well or better as multiple isolated, clearly delineated deduction systems?

I presume that philosophy could not work as well or better as such, or it would be going on already. But why couldn't it? I'm sure there are good reasons I can't think of. But those not in the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Question about Kant's Categorical Imperative Test

To what extent does Kant successfully apply his four illustrations to his categorical imperative test? (Do not make false promises etc) The question can be split into two questions: What makes ...
-2
votes
0answers
52 views

Help with understanding the rules about Categorical Propositions in Syllogism

Guys Can u help me with my Homework in LOGIC about Categorical Propositions? Example: All humans are mammal. (TRUE) CONTRADICTORY- Some humans are not mammal. (FALSE) CONTRARY- No humans ...
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Delineation between prescriptive and descriptive ethics

Edit to add another (better?) phrasing I'm looking for information that addresses this question: All prescriptive ethical theories need to be descriptive to at least some degree(1). However, a ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Using natural deduction rules give a formal proof

With exams just around the corner I am really struggling with formal proofs. Using natural deduction rules give a formal proof of Q from the premises (¬P → Q)∧(R → ¬Q) ¬Q → ¬S ¬S → (R ∧ ¬P) So the ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How can one derive naturalistic moral principles without referencing utility?

When considering the derivation of moral principles from a naturalistic point of view, it would seem to me that moral statements can only be conceived of in one way. That is, if we are trying to make ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Anyone can help me with natural deduction?

~(AvB) ㅡㅡㅡㅡ ~(BvA) I have to provide a derivation to establish validation of this argument. First of all, Can i first change ~(AvB) into ~A&~B by using de-morgans? And second is ...
0
votes
3answers
81 views

Can we doubt that we are conscious? That we are not dead?

Sorry for the splurge of questions... Obviously Descartes would suggest that we can't doubt that we think, cos doubt is a cognitive attitude. But is it one that occurs when we think it does, i.e. can ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Audio lectures of Hubert Dreyfus's 2008 course on Being and Time, Division Two

Apologies for the somewhat sordid nature of this question, but I have spent quite some time looking for this already, with no result. I am looking for audio lectures belonging to a course given by ...
0
votes
4answers
110 views

Dreams inside dreams

When I was a little med student we had a philosophy lecturer in to talk about ethics and she mentioned the Chinese proverb I think it was about the guy who dreamt he was a butterfly and now wasn't ...
-1
votes
0answers
53 views

The never ending story [on hold]

If something never arrives can that thing really get closer, or can we only say it fictionally does so? If I can never wake up from a dream, only dream that I do, then is the dream I am in in some ...
1
vote
4answers
129 views

Does a beginning imply an ending? (In regards to the universe)

In regards to the universe if it said to have a start (Beginning) does that imply that it will have an end? Are beginning and ends implied when either ones is said to be true of a proposition or can ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to stop thinking on reasoning? [closed]

I think I always think on the base of reasons and logically, but relations have problems with Reasons and Logic. Like if we Trust some one, we should do without demanding the explanations. is it a ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

How to simplify double negative in this answer about the hypocrisy fallacy? [closed]

This fallacy, like most (with the exceptions being fallacies of formal logic like affirming the consequent and denying the antecedent), are not however absolute nor are they strict. By saying they ...
20
votes
11answers
5k views

Dawkins's rebuttal to Aquinas's “The Argument from Degree”?

Let’s move on down Aquinas’s list. 4. The Argument from Degree We notice that things in the world differ. There are degrees of, say, goodness or perfection. But we judge these ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Are negated statements always false in Wittgenstein's “logically perfect language”?

According to the language Wittgenstein builds in the Tractatus, you start with the set of atomic facts, pick some subset of them, negate all of the members of the subset (using nand), and then add the ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Where does Quine say logic should have no ontological presuppositions?

I'm sure I recall Quine saying in various places that one distinction between logic and set theory is that logic should have no ontological presuppositions (or, at most should presuppose some thing ...
5
votes
2answers
154 views

What is mathematics? [duplicate]

Is mathematical practice: an act of discovery of eternal objects and ideas independent of human existence; an intuition-free game in which symbols are manipulated according to a fixed sets of rules; ...
0
votes
7answers
693 views

How to stop thinking philosophically? [closed]

My dilemma is that somehow I always get stuck thinking philosophically about things. One example is mathematics. For some reason, I always start thinking philosophically. Like word problems; I start ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Ethics in social encounter by individuals protected from low quality products

Given a bad situation in a business interaction what do the systems of ethics say about the interactions? What are the ethics involved in social encounters by individuals protected from low quality ...

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