-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Are there two different mathematics in philosophy?

I was looking at arguments about mathematics being a science (or not), here for example, but it seems that these arguments are more about some metaphysical idea of mathematics rather than the subject ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is this question well posed?

Suppose that there are many people in a room, and that all of the people in this room have to attend a logic class in 1 hour. Suppose that each person is either doing homework that has to be turned in ...
-2
votes
0answers
23 views

Is the era approaching towards thoughts automation?

Recent neuroscience research has successfully connected EEG patterns of 2 human beings, using the internet, presenting us with the possibility of a new module in 'social media': brain to brain ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the concept of knowing one's own abilities?

For example, I know that I am strong enough to pick up a feather, but that I am unable to lift up a car. I'm unsure if this is self-awareness, because it does not cover the conscious knowledge of ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Omnipotence: nothing that God is able to bring about due to a lack of power?

Wielenberg proposes the radically different definition of omnipotence (in Omnipotence Again, 2000) x is omnipotent if and only if it is not the case that there is some state of affairs, p, such ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Intensity of experience and quickness of thought

Does any futurist or anyone discuss the possibility that increased brain power makes for more intense experiences of pain and pleasure?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

About the representations of the mind-brain

Maybe we ,our mind-brain systems are not just a continuous linear sequence of 3-dimensional configurations of neuro-chemical and neuron activity 'states' ; similar to how one can't analyse a computer ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Why to know how to multiply numbers does not mean to know the result?

What is the difference between these two situations? A subject thinks she knows somebody's name. However, when asked she cannot recall it immediately. After some efforts, the name is coming and she ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Are humans artifacts?

In the beginning of the SEP article on artifacts, the following is said straight away: An artifact may be defined as an object that has been intentionally made or produced for a certain purpose. ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

Reasons for believing in Monism

Why do any serious philosophers at all believe that only one thing exists in the universe? What are the reasons they give? And are there any serious philosophers that believe no thing exists in the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

A series and B series of time

I'm still fishing for help I guess with the unreality of time. A theorists are said to think that the A series is not reducible to the B. Are there different forms this rejection of reductionism ...
0
votes
3answers
109 views

Was Jesus or Muhammed crazy?

Too my extent of knowledge both claimed to be chosen by God and supposedly heard his voice. Now, both religions claim to be the one and only truth making co-existence ultimately impossible. If ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Regarding Ethical systems

What are the differences between morals and ethics ? Are morals standards of behaviour that everybody in a certain group can agree on or is that an ethical code of behaviour? To the Vikings doing the ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
2
votes
3answers
367 views

The unanswered questions

Avyākṛta in sanskrit. The Buddha remained silent when asked these fourteen questions. He described them as a net and refused to be drawn into such a net of theories, speculations, and dogmas. ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the paradox of democracy?

What is the paradox of democracy? If there are multiple paradoxes feel free to mention them. I am especially looking for the views of mainstream political philosophers on this. Have some of them ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

In regards to Hume, do geometry, algebra and arithmetic form ideas that do not come from sense perceptions?

"The less forcible and lively are commonly denominated Thoughts or Ideas. The other species want a name in our language, and in most others; I suppose, because it was not requisite for any, but ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What is the point of Heidegger's authenticity

I understand that the analysis of authenticity is part of his attempt to find the meaning of Being. But I'm not quite getting what it means to be authentic in today's somewhat nihilistic world. Is ...
-5
votes
0answers
34 views

Can citizens have rights without duties? Discuss with examples [on hold]

Can citizens have rights without duties? Discuss with examples (answer in 200 words) This was a question asked in a national level exam and I wanted a well rounded opinion on it.The word limit was ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

In all religions what ever existed there are soul and God - two intangible things. From physics we know that there is no difference between particle without eletrical charge, gravity, mass and energy ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
1
vote
4answers
467 views

Why is mathematics fond of infinity, but dismissive towards partially (un)defined operations?

One main reason why the law of excluded middle can fail is that some operations are simply undefined in some contexts. This doesn't even mean that they are undefinable in principle, it just means that ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics again?

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics in analytic philosophy tradition again?
1
vote
1answer
46 views

what is the state of consciousness of inert objects?

Is it defined that inert objects by our scientific subjection of them being non-living have no consciousness at all? If that be so, what about viruses? And how would a rock's consciousness differ from ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Why does the concept of the division of labour put forth by Adam Smith continue to be analytically significant?

Is it because the modernity is defined through the extent of division of labour? Also, how tightly has this concept integrated with our current society and how is it affecting it? What measures can be ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

When is an opinion wrong and why exactly?

People say that it's not an opinion when it's verifiable, or backed with up conclusive facts. "Conclusive facts" are subjective though, and vary from testing. An example would be an argument over the ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Peirce's law, law of the excluded middle, and intuitionism.

I have no training in formal logic and have tried to understand how Peirce's law is equivalent to the law of the excluded middle to no avail. I hope someone can explain this to me. Also, in passing, ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Help me dissect this Wittgenstein quote

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But I ...
3
votes
2answers
35 views

Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...
2
votes
4answers
160 views

Rebuttal for modus ponens

Saw this (WP:"What the Tortoise said to Achilles") on the internet. A summary is as follows. The common argument is: A: If p then q B: p C: Therefore q. This raises the following question: what if ...
3
votes
5answers
140 views

“But I'm a good person!” - What logical fallacy is this? And how to argue against it?

In a recent argument, a friend repeatedly countered my claims with ideas of self that had been reinforced over time: But I'm a nice person. I'm self-reflective; I would never do that. I am ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
5
votes
1answer
47 views

Existence vs tertium non datur

This is my first question here, sorry if it turns out to be a duplicate. Mathematical constructivism states that contradicting the non-existence of something won't imply its existence. Does it mean ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How did philosophy changed throughout history [closed]

I'm not asking here a general question let me illustrate my question first. What I'm specifically asking is about the difference in the field from old days Greek and today. Let me give some ...
3
votes
5answers
489 views

Is there any links between philosophy and programming or computer science

I'm assuming that this is not a personal matter/question and that other people may find themselves in my case : how can I learn philosophy along with computer programming and use the philosophical ...
11
votes
14answers
3k views

Can we prove reality?

I heard someone make an assertion that 'We cannot really prove that there is reality.'. 'Reality' here would mean the universe and everything in it. You could look at an apple and think its an apple ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

How to learn to read Guattari & Deleuze?

I am a 4th-year social science PhD student at an American R-1 business school. I feel fairly comfortable reading relatively abstract sociology of the more philosophical bent. Reading abstract thinkers ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Semantics and Ontology

It seems to me semantics and ontology are independent notions but are somehow also related. If so, what is their relation? How are they related?
1
vote
3answers
86 views

Are there any notable philosophical skeptics since Nietzsche, perhaps in the style of Nietzsche?

I'm a bit taken by Nietzsche's philosophical skepticism, which is skeptical even of scientific knowledge. I've come to believe that the more rigorous you are in your thinking, the more skeptical you ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Hippies. Flower children. What is pivot of this movement?

I'm asking my teacher of Philosophy in University: "What is a pivot of this movement?" He said: "Nothing! Nothing what can be named as philosophy." What can community of stackexchange add to my ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

How can one enjoy permanent well-being?

This is the question everyone wants the answer to. And I am not sure that any one human, or even all of them, can answer it. But how can I experience permanent well-being, in spite of life's ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Nietzsche - crime, sin and punishments

Deleuze in Nietzsche and Philosophy wrote: In comparison with Christianity the Greeks are children. Their way of depreciating existence, their 'nihilism', does not have the perfection of the ...
3
votes
8answers
211 views
+50

Scenario: is this moral?

Assume the following two scenarios: A person kills a random person for the fun of it. A person kills a mad bomber who was about to push the trigger that will blow up a building, killing thousands of ...
1
vote
4answers
50 views

What does it really mean for something to be tolerated?

A word that often comes up when discussing societies with problems is that everyone needs to tolerate those that are different, or hold different beliefs; we need to encourage tolerance, and so on... ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How does the doctrine of substantial forms differ from atomism?

Liebniz was an early admirer of Epicurean atomism; but later devoted himself to the doctrine of substantial forms as outlined in his Monadology. On the face of it, atoms are substantial forms - they ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Whose major work was influenced by Descartes?

For instance, Newton's ‘Mathematical principles of natural philosophy’ is heavily influenced by Euclid's ‘Elements’. Newton was highly influenced by the Elements. So I would call Newton's book a ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

The reversed naturalistic fallacy

It is a naturalistic fallacy if someone concludes from there is something to something ought to be. If you reverse that order you have someone concluding from something ought to be to there is ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...

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