1
vote
0answers
10 views

A neoKantian view on casuality?

Quantum indeterminism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. PALMQUIST however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, which ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Is it justified to assess the probability of a claim if the claim is unverifiable or do we have to say the probability is inconclusive?

Suppose there is a claim that outside the observable universe (assuming that there is an outside, other than that we don't know anything about outside) there exists a substance A. Can we conclude that ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Tellers Thesis - particles aren't individuals

According to tellers thesis, particles aren't individuals; what is his argument for this; and what concept does he replace it with?
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Popper, Nietzsche and knowledge

In many works of Karl Popper, he says, quoting Xenophanes, that all human knowledge is only conjectural, that modern science will never produce a true knowledge. The german philosopher, Friedrich ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Aside from logical representations, what are other ways philosophers approach representing knowledge?

Of course different arguments can be neatly spelled out in logical symbols, but logic isn't sufficient for all kinds of knowledge. I know the issue is represented in different ontologies in the ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

What is the name of the “pizza argument” against an all-powerful being?

The "pizza" argument against the existence of an all-powerful being goes something like this: Suppose for a contradiction that there exists an all-powerful being. Then there cannot exist a pizza ...
4
votes
6answers
125 views

How to justify the use of logic?

I would like to hear some Philosophical arguments which justify the use of logic. Additionally, if a justification of logic takes the form of an inference, this inference itself makes use of logic. ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

McTaggart's infinite regress

McTaggart argues that the A series (a series of events being past, present, and future) is contradictory because an event cannot be past, present, and future, yet any event in the A series will be all ...
-2
votes
1answer
71 views

Does judgement of character make sense in a predetermined system?

As I tried to understand the believe in the Abrahamic God I have come up with this logical problem. If I understand correctly, after we die we will be judged by God according to how we lived our ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Semantic Fictionalism

Is the belief that there are no propositions. Why believe it? Does it suggest we might know Ramsey sentences: I think (I am not at all sure) these may not express anything about propositions.
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How many minds operate at once? [on hold]

I am constantly trying to figure out a question that itches me all the time - besides our consciousness and subconsciousness operating in conjunction is there any other mind? A super mind? We must ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Saussure and idealism

If terms are arbitrary designations like Saussure says then does semantic idealism [language does not refer beyond itself] not collapse into scepticism?
1
vote
2answers
38 views

What can we speak of

Wittgenstein's Tractatus starts with the assumption that the world is "the totality of... facts". But famously concludes that what we cannot speak of "one must be silent" about. It seems pretty ...
4
votes
1answer
25 views

Karl Popper critiques to historical relativism

In his book "In Search of a Better World", Popper says that he already have argued against historical and social relativism in other works. What are these others works?
-2
votes
1answer
15 views

Philippe Van Haute on the absence and presence of the « ne explétif »?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Philippe Van Haute claims that the occurrence of the ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] makes for the difference between, ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Meaning of 'per se': 'the literal meaning of the sentence per se'

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Bruce Fink helpfully compares the French ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] to certain employments of the English word ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Lacan's distingushing 'between the two sides of the subject of the signifier'?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD By contrast, [Jacques] Lacan, having carefully distinguished between the two sides of the subject of the signifier (i.e., ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Meaning of this excerpt on ' distinction between “designating” and “signifying” '?

Source: p 248, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD What does Lacan have in mind with this distinction between "designating" and "signifying"? As is well known, during this period ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is it better thing to kill animal not human. Whats the difference?

One human is condemned if he kills another human, but if the same human killed an animal it is not a big deal and you won't even receive jail time (atleast in my country). How did we decided that ...
6
votes
4answers
164 views

Theories in science that make claims that are not empirical in nature

Does it make sense in science to have theories that make claims that are not empirical? By a non-empirical claim, I mean something that cannot be tested by means of observation or experimentation. I ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Hierarchical Reductionism vs Emergentism

How does Hierarchical Reductionism (as coined by Richard Dawkins) differ from Emergentism exactly?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Voluntarism justifies seemingly immoral actions?

If I ask the question: Does all voluntary request cancel possible moral issues? For example: Suppose someone a man voluntary offers himself to be beaten brutally for $20, or to take it to the ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Modeling and solving real world problems with mathematics [on hold]

Here's an example problem which some mathematician might consider: Can graph G (fill in the variable) be drawn on a certain object's surface without edges crossing? It is believed that the problem ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Does limited time constitute maximum effort?

Have there been any philosophers who have emphasized or spoken about/around any of the following ideas? The idea that our limited time on Earth does/doesn't constitute a responsibility to 'make best ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Are ceteris paribus laws of nature tautologies?

A traditional conception of a law of nature views a hypothesis holds necessarily when it takes the logical form: (P1) All A's are B's (P2) O is an A (C) Therefore O is a B. The large number of ...
2
votes
3answers
71 views

Is there a poset based/category theoretical definition of God?

As a current atheist, who was a former theist, I feel that God is not a logically incoherent concept. However, many definitions of God, especially those that involve omnipotence, omniscience etc. are ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Why think that human history really is a struggle between classes?

Marx famously said in the Communist Manfesto that The history of all hitherto existing society (2) is the history of class struggles Has anyone done a good treatment of whether he is right? ...
-2
votes
1answer
28 views

Truth Tables and Venn Diagrams: Prove Contingent statement are consistent

I am trying to prove how consistent statements can be contigent. The problem i am having how to use a truth table to prove this.
3
votes
0answers
21 views

What are the key differences between Plato's Republic and Zeno's?

Zeno's Republic was almost certainly written as a response of some kind to Plato's famous work. What differences between Plato's ideal society and his Stoic utopia did Zeno wish to highlight and in ...
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

All too human and aphorism 103-4

In the book Human all too human by Nietzsche. Aphorism 104 titled Self defence says Is there an injuring out of pure malice, for instance in cruelty ? If one does not know how much an action ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Nietzsche and abuses of power

I'm reading some aphorisms now, so though I could start a question :-) He seems to have the overarching goal of saying that all morality is born of strength and weakness, in a number of ways - e.g. ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Do malformed propositions have True/False values?

Many people are familiar with the malformed questions that, no matter which way they are answered, reflect poorly on the person to whom they were asked. For example: Have you stopped beating your ...
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

Is great comedy or satire from philosophy realizable? [on hold]

Recently someone here posed the question, "Are there any compendiums of smart-arse retorts useful in combatting Christianity?" Now this is a brilliant question. And, it was heavily trafficked. ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Peer reviewed guides for the Philosophy of Religion

I'm searching for good journals that you can write for. Specializing in the Philosophy of Religion. Has there been any members here on SE which have written for these types of journals? What is the ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

“One achieves knowledge and indifference at the same time” André Weil reference to the Gita. Source?

The great mathematician André Weil said this: Nothing is more fruitful – all mathematicians know it – than those obscure analogies, those disturbing reflections of one theory in another; those ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

The difference between innatism and empricism

I've read on many websites (including Wikipedia) that empiricism is the opposed of innatism, could someone explain me why ?
4
votes
7answers
196 views

How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Causality : social construction or self-evocating phenomena?

Individual autonomy would come from Hellenistic roots and would have been developed within Christian scholastic spheres as an important property of the human paragon (so you can easily blame it and ...
2
votes
10answers
242 views

Belief in God in the context of modern science

My question is this: How can someone living in such a world and age possibly believe in God? To elaborate, I think I understand where religion and the belief in supernatural stems from. It was our ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
0
votes
3answers
30 views

Thoughts about Feyerabend

Feyerabend's ideas to me see to be a little scattered. On pg. 114 GS states that Feyerabend claims we should ignore principles or rules that may go wrong. We also learn on pg. 115 that for Feyerabend, ...
-3
votes
0answers
41 views

What's the irony or joke: 'Sir. My knowledge is zero.'? [on hold]

[Source :] One of my teachers told us how he had retorted to his own teacher at the end of a heated debate- [1.] Teacher [says]: So you think you know more than me? Son I have 1000 times the ...
4
votes
5answers
214 views

The belief that everything is expressible in mathematical terms?

For want of a better word, mathematicism will be defined as the belief that everything is expressible in mathematical terms. I'm not sure if this is a position that anyone affirms, as my thoughts on ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Are there plans to translate Heidegger's Black Notebooks into English?

I am curious to see the extent to which he made a home for national socialism in his thinking. If only Derrida could have lived to have seen these notebooks, how his estimation of Heidegger might (or ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Does time in GR reflect Aristotelian time?

Newtons theory of time was deliberately anti-Aristotelian; it is independent of motion everywhere. However, does the same go for Einsteins theory? One clue that might suggest that it returns to ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Can I make a random decision with nothing but my mind? [closed]

When faced with having to make a decision we're torn about, we can flip coins. Roll some dice. Play rock, paper, scissors, if we have someone to play it with. But what about when we're alone, and ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

In what senses is immortality both possible and desirable? [on hold]

It seems that no one can live forever. Is there anything that can rightfully be called "immortality", which is both desirable and a genuine response to the problem of mortality?

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