0
votes
0answers
26 views

Control in scientific experiment

Very vaguely, I remember contemporary science experiments being described as a struggle to create some process or entity - and measure it. An obvious example would be the Higgs Boson. My question is ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

Can a baby learn anything? Can a chicken? [on hold]

Blurb This article made me wonder about how the "intelligence" of chickens is different from that of human babies. I was thinking that maybe human sentience (which of course I ascribe to toddlers) ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

When writing, why would a conclusion precede a premise? [on hold]

Source: Lecture 2-2 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. [At the 0 min 11 secs juncture:] The actual word order doesn't always tell us the order of ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How do non-theistic dualists explain the onset of the mind?

For a theistic dualist, the moment when the brain is no longer just a lump of living neurons but a conscious mind is the moment their deity of choice puts a soul in the body. For an identity ...
0
votes
5answers
66 views

Can there be ugliness in the world of a Mathematical God? [on hold]

Let us assume that Mathematics is infinite, represents the multiverse and beyond, and is the deterministic cause of everything we know to exist (the Big Bang and our universe, the formation of the ...
-2
votes
0answers
17 views

Rationalism and Empiricism [on hold]

The Epistemilogy Theories of Rationalism and Empiricism are proposing where knowledge comes from. At the same time, "knowledge" is a highly controversial term. Is there any sense to be extracted ...
2
votes
0answers
10 views

Factors causing entelechia not to realize

Is there a term in Aristotle's work for the factors that cause entelechia not to realize? Does he address these somewhere? I mean, bodies work in certain energeia and can be interrupted from ...
-2
votes
0answers
23 views

The-Egyptian-Book-of-the-Dead Question on “Osiris Ani” [on hold]

Plate 11 of The Book of the Dead mentions "Osiris Ani", multiple times, approaching and passing through the gates and portals of the underworld. Who is "Osiris Ani"?
3
votes
1answer
78 views

The birth of Buddha [on hold]

Today my teacher said this during the classroom: Siddhartha Gautam, the earlier form of Buddha, was actually born in Nepal, but since Siddhartha Gautam meditated and found enlightenment to become ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Sets and typical elements

In (computational) commonsense reasoning, so-called typical elements of sets are used (as described her). I understand why they are useful from the point of view of applied logic but what is their ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

'the unexamined life is not worth living' [duplicate]

Apparently, Socrates claimed the following: the unexamined life is not worth living What is "unexamined life" supposed to mean in this context, could you please elaborate?
18
votes
8answers
4k views

Is there an alternative to the scientific method?

Intro The scientific method is a key process of how we acquire knowledge and may shape our understanding of the world. If I am not mistaken, this method has been defined several times during our ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

Def 1: Type-identity theory: brain states and mental states are the same thing. The mental state "I love Metallica" is nothing more than the neural configuration of a Metallica fan. Def 2: Multiple ...
4
votes
2answers
29 views

Please clarify Aristotle's 'material' vs 'formal' aitia?

Foreword: I was introduced to Aristotle's 4 causes at the 2 min 32 s juncture, Lecture 1-5 (transcription), Think Again: How to Reason and Argue, by Prof Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is ...
2
votes
4answers
44 views

Explanation vs Generalization

Source: Lecture 1-5 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong [12 min 56 s juncture:] Explanation is, an attempt to fit a particular phenomenon into a general ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How does “is” work in contemporary ontology

Sorry for being really vague and throwing out a really dumb and stupid question, i just need some help understanding the following bit, which appeared after i started reading about Ontology. What ...
1
vote
3answers
50 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [on hold]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Missing Shade of Blue in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume

I was reading An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, and came across (a couple days ago) a part wherein Hume draws a counterexample towards his epistemological theory and drops it. ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
5
votes
4answers
159 views

Thermodynamics of Occam's Razor

Occam's Razor states, essentially, that among hypotheses with similar explanatory power, the simplest hypothesis should be favored as the most plausible. Thermodynamics states, at zero temperature, ...
6
votes
2answers
74 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Does Science has any evidence to prove that ghosts don't exist?

Definition 1: Ghosts are the "creatures" which might be made of particles as we are, but unseen. Premise 1: We are made of particles or atoms which enable us to think and make us what we are (human ...
11
votes
3answers
352 views

Why is Russell so critical of Aristotle?

In A History of Western Philosophy, Russell argues: I conclude that the Aristotelian doctrines with which we have been concerned in this chapter are wholly false, with the exception of the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

soundness and completeness of a proof method

the question : Instead of the standard rule for disjunction (where we process a disjunction A∨B with two branches—one with A and one with B) we use a rule where the result is two branches, one with A ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Concrete language as a manifestation of Being [on hold]

Foucault in the preface to The Order of Things wrote how he 'laughed out loud' when he discovered a Chinese Encyclopedia whose categorisation of knowledge was different from his European ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

What's the difference between 'things' and 'rules'? [on hold]

As I understand the world - there are 'things' which are everything and 'rules' which modify them. An example I'll give is this - let's say I'm free-falling from a plane. Then a thing is my view of ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Arguments in favor of Richard Carrier's small head [closed]

These are my arguments in favor of Richard Carrier's small head. I will remain silent on the issue of whether his small head had an impact on his views on mythicism. Take the following statement from ...
6
votes
2answers
61 views

Did Thomas Aquinas state randomness as a prerequisite of free will?

I was told the other day that in one work on free will, Thomas Aquinas suggested that some randomness / non-determinism was a prerequisite for its existence. Does any one know where he expressed this ...
-4
votes
0answers
49 views

Which half is watching which half? [on hold]

Split the universe in half: A and B. In the first case, A is the observer, and B is the observed. In the second case, it is B that is the observer, and A that is the observed. These two cases are ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Is there a word for 'language as the house of being'?

Heidegger asserts in Letter on Humanism that: language is the house of being. In its home human brings live. Is there a specific word in German, or Greek (considering Heidegger was a classicist) ...
3
votes
4answers
47 views

How to evaluate an argument based on the claim that “intent doesn't matter”?

My friends often get themselves into situations of the following form: Person A states a sentence. Person B reads and interprets A's sentence. B states that the sentence has conveyed a meaning which ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Language as the house of being

Heidegger writes in Letter on Humanism: Language is the House of Being. In its home human beings dwell. And then later: the widely and rapidly devastation of language not only undermines ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Which branch of philosophy (metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, etc…? ) does the question of properly defining life fall under?

Questions like: - Are viruses forms of life, or just very complex replicators? - Would a Von Neumann machine be considered alive? - Does life have to be organic? - Is reproduction a necessary ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Can we tell we are not fictional characters under a loop of writers? [on hold]

Fictional characters Firstly, I think we can't tell if we are fictional characters, yet we can ask this question and try solving it logically if we are. These are my points. Tell me if I'm wrong. ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Not keeping A times and B times separate

SEP says that B times are tenseless qualities like "being two days earlier than". A times, on the other hand, are "two days in the future", "present", and so on. Surely I can call a time along the B ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Implication and Psychology

Let's take the following propositions : 1 - "If Bill Gates is poor then Bill Gates is rich". 2 - "If Bill Gates is poor then the moon is made of cheese". Both propositions are inevitably true ...
3
votes
4answers
75 views

In Wittgenstein, is all the facts being *all* the facts a fact itself?

Wittgenstein writes in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (p.25 in this version): 1. The world is everything that is the case. 1.1 The world is the totality of facts, not of things. 1.11 The ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
5
votes
2answers
157 views

How does GEB support AI?

Typically, Godel's Incompleteness theorems have been used to argue against the possibility that the human mind is essentially equivalent to a formal system. However, in Daniel Dennett's book "Darwin's ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

The Rhizome, Language and Theatatus

The very first chapter of Deleuzes Thousand Plateaus contains the following as an example of a Rhizome: Principles of connection and heterogeneity: any point of a Rhizome can be connected to any ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Is the Tractatus considered to have had any permanent influence on philosophy, given that Wittgenstein himself later repudiated it?

I was reading a text book that stated that Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is rarely criticized in a serious way, since Wittgenstein himself rejected its ideas in his later phase, as ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

difference between purgation & purification [on hold]

I am an English learner . Would you please throw a light on what is the difference between the two?- and would you please show me your invaluable explanations or resources in a more explanation way? ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Determining life [closed]

I want to hypothetically ask a question in relation to how you would deem someone as alive or if they are a someone at all. Say we were walking down the street and we bump into my friend and we talk ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

If I combine a factory-producing factory with a computer, did I just create life? [closed]

Consider building a mobile factory, capable of mining resources, powering its processes with solar energy, creating imperfect copies of itself, replacing its own parts and to some degree adapt its ...
4
votes
4answers
111 views

Understanding “Being and Time”

After reading a few books on introduction to philosophy, I was recommended to read "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger as I found temporality very interesting. Knowing that this book is one that many ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Cheap ontology, expensive ontology and ontological commitment

In the book introduction to philosophy by william james earle, in the metaphysics chapter I couldn't understand those concepts clearly : Cheap ontology. Expensive ontology ontological commitment. ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Qualia without consciousness or sense

Similar to this question I wondered whether affect was a qualia, and if so whether it can be shown to depend on other aspects of experience (consciousness, tactile feelings). Perhaps there is nothing ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Is the logic precept that for two propositions there are four truth values ever applied to serious matters?

An elementary precept of logic says that where there are two propositions, P and Q, there are four possible "truth values", P&~Q, ~P&Q, P&Q, ~P&~Q, where ~ means "not."   Do people ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the difference between Jerry Fodor's LOT and Wittgenstein's Picture Theory of Meaning?

From Wikipedia: "[The] the language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) put forward by American philosopher Jerry Fodor describes thoughts as represented in a "language" (sometimes known as mentalese) that ...

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