0
votes
0answers
9 views

are there some examples that philosopher had adopted his/her own philosophy(ies)/saying in his/her own life and got benefitted out of that? [on hold]

I have read many philosophical terms/saying said by very well known philosophers. But i am yet to confirm if any of them adopted that philosophy and got benefitted of that in their respected lives.
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Why truth over imaginary happiness? [on hold]

Truth seems to be the preferred choice of philosophers (literally means "lover of wisdom"). But for the society what is better? To know the truth or to be happy. There are many stories which narrate ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Suppose you know the premises of an argument are inconsistent. Do you have to do a truth table to know whether it is valid or invalid?

Suppose you know the premises of an argument are inconsistent. Do you have to do a truth table to know whether it is valid or invalid?
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Suppose the conclusion of an argument is known to be tautologous. Do you have to do a truth table to know whether it is valid or invalid?

Suppose the conclusion of an argument is known to be tautologous. Do you have to do a truth table to know whether it is valid or invalid?
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Suppose the conclusion of an argument is logically equivalent to the conjunction of all the argument’s premises

Suppose the conclusion of an argument is logically equivalent to the conjunction of all the argument’s premises (the conjunction of all the arguments premises is just the statement obtained by taking ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

What Did Plotinus Mean by Contemplation?

Plotinus' philosophy is intriguing, but his use of contemplation stumps me. In particular, he speaks of non-humans (even non-living things IIRC) contemplating. So what does he mean by contemplation? ...
-2
votes
1answer
21 views

Difference between Inference and Prediction [on hold]

Can somebody tell me, what ist the difference between inference and prediction, concerning Philosophy of science/Statistics? Thanks
0
votes
0answers
24 views

which ethical theory can be related to adultery [on hold]

Which ethical theory can be related to adultery? If I say that there should be a law against adultery then which theory can i use ? I am writing an essay on this and in the question it ask that: What ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

example of right action that led happiness to greatest number [on hold]

What are 3 global examples of right action that led happiness to greatest number of people
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Intro to Philosophy: Symbolization [on hold]

How to solve? Use the sentential connectives to create a symbolic sentence. P: Patsy prepares pizza Q: Quincy quaffs quinine S: Skyler savors scones W: William wangles watermelons If Skyler ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Philosophy Symbolization [on hold]

How to solve? Use the sentential connectives to create a symbolic sentence. P: Alice is cross Q: Alice frowns R: Alice is mad S: The Hatter is cross T: The Hatter frowns U: The Hatter is mad ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Do we need ontologies in epistemic uncertainties? [on hold]

My professor has given me a project to work on with title 'Ontologies for epistemic uncertainties', I am very confused with the title and I don't know how to start thinking about it. I have some ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Philosophy 250 Symbolization [on hold]

Philosophy symbolization. How to solve? Using the sentential connectives to create a symbolic sentences. P: Archie authorizes action Q: Archie angers authorities T: Judi judges jumping R: Carol ...
4
votes
5answers
195 views

Isotope dating and philosophy of science

I'd like to ask if the dating " saying something has existed for XXXX years " is scientific ? When i try to apply the criterion of being falsifiable i find that the dating fails to satisfy that ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

How does functionalism solve the mind-body problem?

I can see how dualism and physicalism addresses the mind-body problem, but I don't quite get how functionalism attempts to solve the mind-body problem. Functionalism is just the thesis that mental ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

What does the “mind-body problem” mean?

I'm confused about what the mind-body problem means. On some accounts the mind-body problem is specific to dualism. The dualist has to explain how the mind, a non-extended substance, interacts with ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

The law of identity: two interpretations

Some philosophers state the law of identity as "if p, then p" or "p iff p" (i.e. in propositional logic). On the other hand, others state it in a completely different language, for example: "A is A". ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

Are some right actions not productive of the greatest happiness for the greatest number [on hold]

Are some right actions not productive of the greatest happiness for the greatest number? Critically evaluate this question by referring to three global examples. i am not able to understand this ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Driven to bring things into existence [on hold]

I've been doing some self-examination the past few days and I've come to realize that I have an innate desire to bring things into existence. Not necessarily new things, and not necessarily my own ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

When can we eliminate disjunction within equivalence?

I'm a first year philosophy student and I've got a question about elimination of disjunction. Actually, I'm not sure if this can be called elimination of disjunction, we hadn't covered this yet, but ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

How is this called: not believing in religious doctrine but accepting religious institutions? [on hold]

If a member of a (say, Christian) church does not believe in God (e.g. thinks god is a man-made concept) and the surrounding metaphysics but believes that the church as an institution serves a ...
0
votes
5answers
107 views

What differentiates the scientific method from other methods

From the controversy in this question, I would like to know what differentiates "the scientific method" from other method. I'm asking for differentiation, rather than a definition, because ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Is 'Almost everyone' both a guarding term and assuring term here? [on hold]

Source: Lecture 2-5 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is from a question that pops up during the video at the 5 min 28 seconds juncture. ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Control in scientific experiment

Very vaguely, I remember contemporary science experiments being described as a struggle to create some process or entity - and measure it. An obvious example would be the Higgs Boson. My question is ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Can a baby learn anything? Can a chicken? [on hold]

Blurb This article made me wonder about how the "intelligence" of chickens is different from that of human babies. I was thinking that maybe human sentience (which of course I ascribe to toddlers) ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

When writing, why would a conclusion precede a premise? [on hold]

Source: Lecture 2-2 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. [At the 0 min 11 secs juncture:] The actual word order doesn't always tell us the order of ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How do non-theistic dualists explain the emergence of the mind?

For a theistic dualist, the moment when the brain is no longer just a lump of living neurons but a conscious mind is the moment their deity of choice puts a soul in the body. For an identity ...
0
votes
5answers
81 views

Can there be ugliness in the world of a Mathematical God? [on hold]

Let us assume that Mathematics is infinite, represents the multiverse and beyond, and is the deterministic cause of everything we know to exist (the Big Bang and our universe, the formation of the ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

Rationalism and Empiricism [on hold]

The Epistemilogy Theories of Rationalism and Empiricism are proposing where knowledge comes from. At the same time, "knowledge" is a highly controversial term. Is there any sense to be extracted ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Factors causing entelechia not to realize

Is there a term in Aristotle's work for the factors that cause entelechia not to realize? Does he address these somewhere? I mean, bodies work in certain energeia and can be interrupted from ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

The-Egyptian-Book-of-the-Dead Question on “Osiris Ani” [on hold]

Plate 11 of The Book of the Dead mentions "Osiris Ani", multiple times, approaching and passing through the gates and portals of the underworld. Who is "Osiris Ani"?
3
votes
1answer
85 views

The birth of Buddha [on hold]

Today my teacher said this during the classroom: Siddhartha Gautam, the earlier form of Buddha, was actually born in Nepal, but since Siddhartha Gautam meditated and found enlightenment to become ...
1
vote
3answers
67 views

Sets and typical elements

In (computational) commonsense reasoning, so-called typical elements of sets are used (as described her). I understand why they are useful from the point of view of applied logic but what is their ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

'the unexamined life is not worth living' [duplicate]

Apparently, Socrates claimed the following: the unexamined life is not worth living What is "unexamined life" supposed to mean in this context, could you please elaborate?
28
votes
12answers
5k views

Is there an alternative to the scientific method?

Intro The scientific method is a key process of how we acquire knowledge and may shape our understanding of the world. If I am not mistaken, this method has been defined several times during our ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

Def 1: Type-identity theory: brain states and mental states are the same thing. The mental state "I love Metallica" is nothing more than the neural configuration of a Metallica fan. Def 2: Multiple ...
4
votes
2answers
29 views

Please clarify Aristotle's 'material' vs 'formal' aitia?

Foreword: I was introduced to Aristotle's 4 causes at the 2 min 32 s juncture, Lecture 1-5 (transcription), Think Again: How to Reason and Argue, by Prof Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is ...
2
votes
4answers
45 views

Explanation vs Generalization

Source: Lecture 1-5 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong [12 min 56 s juncture:] Explanation is, an attempt to fit a particular phenomenon into a general ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How does “is” work in contemporary ontology

Sorry for being really vague and throwing out a really dumb and stupid question, i just need some help understanding the following bit, which appeared after i started reading about Ontology. What ...
1
vote
3answers
52 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [on hold]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Missing Shade of Blue in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume

I was reading An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, and came across (a couple days ago) a part wherein Hume draws a counterexample towards his epistemological theory and drops it. ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
5
votes
4answers
175 views

Thermodynamics of Occam's Razor

Occam's Razor states, essentially, that among hypotheses with similar explanatory power, the simplest hypothesis should be favored as the most plausible. Thermodynamics states, at zero temperature, ...
6
votes
2answers
76 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Does Science has any evidence to prove that ghosts don't exist?

Definition 1: Ghosts are the "creatures" which might be made of particles as we are, but unseen. Premise 1: We are made of particles or atoms which enable us to think and make us what we are (human ...
12
votes
3answers
374 views

Why is Russell so critical of Aristotle?

In A History of Western Philosophy, Russell argues: I conclude that the Aristotelian doctrines with which we have been concerned in this chapter are wholly false, with the exception of the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

soundness and completeness of a proof method

the question : Instead of the standard rule for disjunction (where we process a disjunction A∨B with two branches—one with A and one with B) we use a rule where the result is two branches, one with A ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Concrete language as a manifestation of Being [on hold]

Foucault in the preface to The Order of Things wrote how he 'laughed out loud' when he discovered a Chinese Encyclopedia whose categorisation of knowledge was different from his European ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

What's the difference between 'things' and 'rules'? [closed]

As I understand the world - there are 'things' which are everything and 'rules' which modify them. An example I'll give is this - let's say I'm free-falling from a plane. Then a thing is my view of ...

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