0
votes
0answers
13 views

Marx's Town-Country Problem Aka “Metaboric rift” and the Brexit, are we seeing it again? [on hold]

I am sorry to cite the original Town-Country side problem, which Marx foresaw, I forgot where he argued, but vivid in memory, so let me "short-cut" quoting Wiki. Capitalist production collects ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What does Ivan mean by returning God the ticket? [on hold]

Source: p 180 (Bottom), Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky [But the above textbook reveals ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Is there a kind of cognitive (rather than political) freedom?

What is freedom outside its political context? I'm less interested in existential answers, because these seem to me to be too capricious as philosophy.
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Philosophical Implications of Connectionism and Pattern Recognition

As a machine learning researcher and amateur philosopher, I'm interested in the current status of the debate between the symbolic AI and connectionism\pattern-recognition schools from the perspective ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is one commiting the “argument from authority” fallacy and/or the “consensus fallacy” when one refers to a scientific consensus when asserting truth?

Bob and Alice disagree regarding subject X. Alice holds view A regarding subject X. Bob holds view B regarding subject X. View A and view B are quite contradictory views. Both can not be true at ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Question regarding whether different souls transcend matter [on hold]

What does it mean to say that souls transcend matter? Does each kind of soul transcend matter in the same way? Explain.
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

What would have Jesus Christ done, if he hadn't been crucified but blackmailed? [on hold]

In advance, sorry about my bad English knowledge and the opinion based question. What would have Jesus Christ done, if he hadn't been crucified but blackmailed? Like: "We won't kill you, but if you ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Should the Ontological Argument be called something else than 'Ontological'?

Source: p 120 Middle, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed).   Here, we will begin by discussing the Ontological Argument. This is the most difficult of ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

What is mauvaise foi as it relates to ethics? Philosophy?

The title says it all. I know it means 'bad faith' but I'm really looking for a more concrete explanation of what it means and how it relates to ethics. Additionally, it would be helpful to understand ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Solving a logical analysis puzzle

A high school is made by 25 pupils, of which 13 cycle, 11 swim, and 8 go skiing. There is no one practising all three sports. In yesterday's test the sportsmen (those practising at least one sport) ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Name of fallacy when one says he used to have the same views

I was arguing with a friend (we were at loggerheads with respect to our views) and in the middle of the argument he refuted my claims by saying that even he used to have the same views (as I do now) a ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

What does Einstein mean, about 'practical results' and 'completely false notion'?

Source: p 112, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid. Primary Source: [I know not the page number because I found this online], The ...
2
votes
4answers
76 views

What does “action without acting” (wuwei) in Chinese philosophy mean?

Source: p 67, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid How can one act without acting? The question above is based on pp 65-67, ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How can 'Emptiness' (ie: nothing) be 'Fullness' or 'Oneness'?

Source: p 63, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid How can 'Emptiness', or nothing, be 'Fullness' or 'Oneness'? I ask not for ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Does Quine's relativism only follow if the data of theories is the only source of a theory's justification?

Quine saw that any group of theories could have the same pieces of data. There is a gap between any set of data and the interpretation we have of it. Quine then felt that in light of this, whether ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

Is having children immoral? (Hypothetical from an AI's view point) [on hold]

Before we begin - an obvious disclaimer. I do not think that parenthood is inherently immoral in real life. It's just an argument I recently thought up in a story featuring an AI fanatic and cannot ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Is, “it won't make any different but I'm still choosing”, a logical fallacy?

If I make a non-random choice between two options and I claim my choice doesn't make a difference to the outcome, is this a logical fallacy? Or is it merely a lie in order to hide the underlying ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Can we recognize the existence of a Strong AI after it is created?

It is, of course, debatable whether a Strong AI even can exist. After all, philosophical arguments about the Chinese Room and Philosophical Zombies abound. However, it is possible to imagine a world ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Are language, context and truth connected?

I have been thinking about the following problem for years and can't seem to resolve it. I'm looking for more information on the subject and would really appreciate some further reading on the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What are the most untrustworthy antithesis in the History of mankind? [on hold]

I tried to find a answer, I search a lot and I failed. Can you help me to find the most untrustworthy antithesis in the History of mankind? I need only 2 or 3 examples and they are to be really ...
5
votes
2answers
92 views

Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's solution to the problem of divine action entail a total denial of the applicability of Newtonian physics to the world?

Alvin Plantinga offers at least two major solutions to the problem of divine action; that physical laws of the Newtonian sort are (often implicitly) qualified to apply only to causally closed systems, ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Gender and its social aspects [on hold]

So gender is how one identifies itself; as a man or a woman. Meanwhile Wikipedia states: Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between and from masculinity and ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Is the statement “Nothing is absolute” a contradiction?

When we say "Nothing is absolute", we actually stated that "Everything is absolutely not absolute", is this a contradiction?
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Did Wittgenstein think that pure description, without the influence of explanation, could be pursued?

Wittgenstein is stated as having said "we must do away with the explanation and description alone must take its place" (PI 109). But isn't this akin to the myth of the given that Sellars attacked? ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Did Quine have another reason to be skeptical of reference besides its context-dependence?

Quine, like many others before him, thought that the meaning of words depends on the context they are in. But what compelled Quine to hold that in light of this there is an ambiguity as to what any ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Is race a social construct?

Recently, I watched two videos (links below) by Philosophy tube and they confused me a bit. The general idea that I took from these two videos is that any group of people can be termed a race if there ...
-4
votes
0answers
52 views

Did GOD(i.e who created universe) create math first or universe first? [on hold]

Did GOD think about math first , and then fit this nature to math ? OR GOD created nature which has accidentally this patterns , WHICH we human call it Mathematics?
3
votes
2answers
55 views

A question regarding the similarity of relations from Russell's Introduction to Mathematical Philsophy

I do not understand the basis of one of Russell's claims at the end of the chapter 'Similarity of Relations' in his Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy. I have taken an excerpt and emboldened the ...
-2
votes
0answers
152 views

Who is the god of god of god of god of god …of god…till the starting point? [on hold]

Let us start with assumption that the , GOD is who can create anything just by thinking of it in his mind. Then once the GOD is created , GOD thought about this big-bang..evolution..humans..and ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Why did Wittgenstein think that only something that could be doubted could have meaning?

One of the reasons Wittgenstein thought the exclusive use of ostensive definition failed was because it opened the possibility that a given symbol's meaning was sourced from whatever sensation someone ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

What is the term for wanting your friends, family, etc. to succeed?

I am looking for the term (if there is one) for the desire we feel for the things we are associated with to succeed. For example, the desire for our family, friends, town/city, or country to succeed (...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

If you could travel back in time, but would lose all your memory from then to now, would you? [closed]

Hypothetically, you're lying in your deathbed about to die, and a scientist/doctor comes to you and asks you "You have five minutes to live. However, I can make 1 second into 80 years for you. You can ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Commentary on Tractatus 1.21

In Tractatus 1.21 Wittgenstein writes  Each item can be the case or not the case while everything else remains the same. [1] I'm looking for commentary on this point, since it seems out of place ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What are the parts of a definition called?

I would like to know what to call the part of the definition that is defined and the part that defines. For an explanation this would be explanandum and explanans. In the following example the ...
6
votes
7answers
188 views

How is philosophical reasoning different from scientific or logical reasoning?

Does philosophy have rules or methods for reasoning or analysis like, say, the "scientific method" in science. If yes are there any differences and what are they?
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Unity of Apperception vs. Self Consciousness in Critique of Pure Reason

What is the difference between Unity of Apperception and Self- consciousness? From what I gather so far, Unity of Apperception is a particular part of Self-Consciousness in that UoA brings to ...
0
votes
3answers
69 views

If you can always ask “How do you know that”, how can you know anything?

For any statement, you can always ask "how do you know?". Even if you give an answer, how do you know that answer is true? Let me give an example. Take the statement 'I think, therefore I am'. How do ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

'proving prestige' vs 'asserting that purchasing those items will automatically bestow on us the glamor and prestige'

Source: pp 243-244, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel Just as we should guard against being taken in by an appeal to the ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

What does the truth-value of a material implication represent?

This question comes from my attempts to understand what the truth value for a material implication with a false antecedent represents. I have seen several justifications for this convention, usually ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Avis Rent-a-Car's slogan 'We're #2' : This is an Appeal to Pity?

Source: p 238, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel. Disclosure: I do not benefit or gain from, and am in no wise connected to, Avis. ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Why is it an Appeal to Pity if a defense attorney evidences misfortune of the defendant?

Source: p 236-237, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   The trouble with such appeals [to Pity] is that, however are, they may ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Did Clarence Darrow really Appeal to Pity?

Source: p 236, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel A more straightforward example would be this statement to a jury by the renowned ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Please expose how Socrates subtly Appeals to Pity

Source: pp 235-236, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel   This fallacy [Appeal to Pity, abbreviated to AtP] is very common. It is ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Appeal to Pity? 'don't give me a ticket. My parents will take the car away from me and my life will be miserable.'

Source: p 214, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (2000 6 ed) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel Fallacy: Appeal to Pity Definition/Hints: Seeking to persuade not by ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How does Wittgenstein think language is acquired?

Wittgenstein is critical of the 'private linguist' and his exclusive use of the ostensive definition, where the definition provided for a given word is an example or a 'pointing out' of what the word ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Kripke's Solution to Negative Existentials

From what I've collected, Quine seemed to have solved the problem of non-being by using Russell's theory of definite descriptions through the negation of the x having certain properties/descriptions. ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Physical representation of letting go-does it affect the brain? Why/How?

Is it true that writing something that bothers you on a piece of paper like "doubt" and then setting it on fire, reduces the effect it has on you? Why?

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