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Is or was there a philosophy which examines a hypothesis that in fact nothing "exists" except maybe questions?

I know there are philosophies that state that reality is a simulation etc. but I mean that not even a simulation exists. The only "things" that exist are the questions we ask.

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"Nihilism" might be the closest well-explored philosophical position that seems like it might answer to the spirit of these requirements. I might suggest getting oriented with SEP entries like Moral Skepticism and Nothingness. – Joseph Weissman Oct 28 '12 at 16:59
If "the questions we ask" we ask exist, mustn't there also be an asker? – stoicfury Oct 28 '12 at 17:53
It really depends on your definition of existence. – OMGtechy Oct 29 '12 at 2:30
It would be helpful if you could be more precise about what you mean when you write Is there a philosophy which [argues that] nothing exists?. There are two mutually exclusive meanings to it: Do you mean the thesis that non-existence exists in some sense, e.g. that nonexistent (fictional) objects exist or, to the contrary that, with Parmenides, what is not, cannot exist? (I'd think you mean the latter, but you could reassure us.) – DBK Oct 29 '12 at 12:27
Also, what is a bit puzzling about your question is the apparent performative contradiction in your question, as noted by @stoicfury. – DBK Oct 29 '12 at 12:37
We join spokes together in a wheel,
but it is the center hole
that makes the wagon move.

We shape clay into a pot,
but it is the emptiness inside
that holds whatever we want.

We hammer wood for a house,
but it is the inner space
that makes it livable.

We work with being,
but non-being is what we use.

Tao Te Ching, Stephen Mitchell Translation

I may have misunderstood it. I'm talking about philosophy where nothingness have a central role.

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I'm surprised this wasn't mentioned before, at least not explicitly (it was implicitly pointed out in one of the comments, as this view is considered to be nihilistic):

Nothing exists; even if something exists, nothing can be known about it; and even if something can be known about it, knowledge about it can't be communicated to others.” - Gorgias

One must be careful though:

This argument has led some to label Gorgias as either an ontological skeptic or a nihilist (one who believes nothing exists, or that the world is incomprehensible, and that the concept of truth is fictitious). But it can also be interpreted as an assertion that it is logos and logos alone which is the proper object of our inquiries, since it is the only thing we can really know. On Nature is sometimes seen as a refutation of pre-Socratic essentialist philosophy (McComiskey 37). (source: IEP)

As many have said before me here, I think the question is self-defeating. You have the thought (i.e. it exists) to ask yourself whether there is a philosophy that asks whether nothing exist. The existence of the thought means that something exists and would famously give rise to Descartes' new foundation of all knowledge.

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Nothing Exists. It is what is outside the universe. It pulls us infinitely outward, causing our need to create. It is the machinery that broadcasts the subatomic particles which make up our reality back in time from the ultimate future. Nothing is also the center of stars and black holes.

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Answers are supposed to give references or sources and to be more than subjective opinions. Can you explain why Nothing is all that? Where did you get these ideas? – iphigenie Jul 11 '13 at 22:42

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