Having read many articles and books dealing with a possible technological singularity, and also other articles and books about the possibility that we are living inside a simulation, I have been pondering about the possible consequences of both theories being correct.
The question that is now keeping me occupied is:
"When a technological singularity occurs within a simulated (closed) environment, could the technology arising from that point on ever directly manipulate the environment outside of its own simulation?"
We humans, as intelligent beings, invent technology that we simulate by outfitting it with Artificial Intelligence. Once we reach the point that the AI becomes self-aware and more intelligent than us, it will start inventing technology and AI that are quickly beyond our comprehension.
The simulation that we started has at this point become superior to us and it can be argued that it will effect us directly. If not psychologically, then biologically by means of enhancements to our DNA, etc. Therefore we can say that this simulation directly effects the simulator and its environment outside of its simulation.
I therefore reason that this will also occur in the simulation of our universe, assuming it is a simulated environment. Our post-singularity technology, including post-humans, will be able to evolve beyond the capacity of our simulator and directly effect it.