Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia ...

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What does later Wittgenstein and earlier Wittgenstein have in common?

Wittgenstein, while previously advocating a picture theory of semantics, later came to revoke his support of this position. But did Wittgenstein still hold on to certain ideas of his old school? ...
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106 views

Understanding Sellars' The Myth of the Given rigorously

I understand the general view presented by Sellars in "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind". Yet, I can't get rigorously convinced. The main point is shown in part XIII, specifically in section 35. ...
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99 views

Has philosophy from the end of the 19th century largely been forgotten?

I am wondering if this is something that other people think. It seems to me that during a period of time from the late 19th century to the early 20th, there are a large number of philosophers who ...
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919 views

What's the current status of the “paradox of analysis”? And are there any strong and widely accepted resolutions?

It would seem that figuring out a solution to the paradox of analysis would be of prime importance to philosophers, especially considering the fact that conceptual analysis seems central to ...
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45 views

To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
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71 views

Is Logic Pre-Human?

It was German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) who famously said, "animals are poor in world." Although this may be true, I do not see them as being poor in logic. Paleontologists have ...
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28 views

Which is the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt in the Tractatus?

As far as I know, When Russell asked to Wittgenstein to tell him the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt, Wittgenstein answered that "Sachverhalt" is what corresponds to an elementar sätze (an ...
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80 views

Why “philosophy never ends” for the tractarian Wittgenstein?

In the Prototractatus Wittgenstein wrote an additional section (called 6.55) which is seen as a possible third solution to the matter of building a perfect system of logic. This conclusion was ...
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30 views

What does bedeutung refer to in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus?

Given that the literal translation of the german word bedeutung is "sense", what does it refer to in the semantics of the tractarian Wittgenstein, among these options? the meaning of the subatomic ...
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190 views

Is it thought that analytic philosophy is in decline?

I would like to know from someone who has closely followed contemporary analytic philosophy if this idea has any currency. So by "is it thought" I mean is it a general trend or mood. The reason for ...
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53 views

What are contemporary Non English language and Continental sources in philosophy of mind?

It just came to me that all of the contemporary sources on philosophy of mind that I have been reading (Dennett, Nagel, Churchland, Chalmers, Searle, Hofstadter, Jackson) are all writing in English, ...
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77 views

Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
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61 views

What are divergent and convergent reasoning?

In my philosophy class we are looking at argument mapping. There is a part about divergent and convergent reasoning. I am really struggling on how to actually identify between these. I understand ...
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42 views

on Defeasibility of Justification [closed]

To escape Gettier problem as i learned in my epistemology class Defeasibility theory of knowledge is claimed. And now I try to give a counter-example of Defeasibility theory of knowledge. Consider ...
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4answers
390 views

What three “accessible” works of analytical philosophy would you assign?

The literature in analytical philosophy is vast and often quite technical. It is not generally dominated by such "Continental" masterworks as Critique of Pure Reason, Phenomenology or Spirit, or Being ...
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169 views

Was Hegel a major influence in analytic philosophy?

Wikipedia's "analytic and continental philosophers differ on the importance and influence of subsequent philosophers on their respective traditions... Hegel is viewed as a relatively minor figure for ...
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57 views

Two-dimensional modal propositional logic (Stalnaker `Assertion') [closed]

If we define the analogous of the necessity operator as follows: $\triangle\phi$ := $c,w \models \triangle\phi$ iff $\forall d \in W d,w \models \phi$ what would that intuitively means? What is ...
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298 views

Help me get this Hegel joke

A Facebook group Philosophy Matters posts philosophy related jokes from time to time. Today they posted this image : with the caption hegel, le sacre monstre Now not knowing anything about ...
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47 views

Where does Wilfred Sellars stand in current curricula?

I realize this is more of a question about "culture" of philosophy and answers will be relative. As an autodidact, beginning largely in the Continental tradition, it is sometimes hard for me to know ...
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2answers
88 views

What is an excellent, balanced book or review on contemporary philosophy (of science and in general)?

Can you recommend a book, review paper or other overview source on contemporary philosophy, esp. philosophy in relation to science (broadly understood, not only natural sciences), epistemology and ...
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Are unexamined belief systems a.k.a. superstitions & dogmas, studied by a specific branch of philosophy? [closed]

Context: Superstitions, dogmas and various kinds of unexamined belief-systems are rife in almost all populations around the world, and all demographic classifications. While some are easily spotted (e....
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1answer
75 views

Looking for references for some remark of Quine's

I'm looking for a comment I think I remember Quine having made. He's talking about our understanding of proofs. I think he says something along the following lines... If you understand many different ...
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4answers
193 views

Is it possible to argue against a person who is skeptical about the meaning of all words?

Such person would consider the meaning of all words to be vague (including the meaning of the word "vague" ), and think that actually we do not know what we are talking about (including this sentence ...
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1answer
127 views

Why asking to examine facts over “transcendental statements” is labeled as “anti-realistic”?

Given ther stimulus from another question i read the wikipedia article on anti-realism, there it is mentioned (emphasis mine): In analytic philosophy, the term anti-realism describes any position ...
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Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
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Has Derek Parfit been working on time since 2011?

The New Yorker published a portrait of Derek Parfit in 2011, which included this outlook: The first paper Parfit wrote after he began to study philosophy was on the metaphysics of time. Now this ...
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170 views

Is there a poset based/category theoretical definition of God?

As a current atheist, who was a former theist, I feel that God is not a logically incoherent concept. However, many definitions of God, especially those that involve omnipotence, omniscience etc. are ...
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53 views

A Question about Negative Theology [closed]

I have been thinking about a question for a long time which apparently seems to be theological but ,on a deeper srutiny is a profound philosophical question.The question concerns the nonexistence of ...
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1answer
81 views

Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
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356 views

What is Intellectual Anarchism?

Every now and then I hear the phrase "intellectual anarchism". What does this mean exactly? Wikipedia has no article of that name, and google doesn't throw up much (a few disparate uses of the ...
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1answer
92 views

Is the line between use and mention always defined?

Consider the sentence "I like Heroin", meaning that you enjoy the famous song by the Velvet Underground. Is the expression in italics used or mentioned? To me it seems that it's a use, but a weird one....
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344 views

Can philosophy overcome “the two cultures” divide?

Snow noted a growing divide between "the two cultures" in Western society, scientists and "literary intellectuals", who became increasingly self-absorbed and incomprehensible to each other. One of ...
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1answer
27 views

Will there be any historical “milestone” anymore if we had achieve teaching philosophy and other knowledge [closed]

Will there be any historical greatest "milestone" anymore if we had achieve teaching philosophy and any kind of other knowledge either by using computer or by human teaching through computer by using ...
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150 views

Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
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124 views

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics?

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics? Or did this rejection only come about with the rise of the logical positivists? By early analytic philosophers i mean, Frege, Russell, and Moore, ...
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464 views

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics again?

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics in analytic philosophy tradition again?
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125 views

Avoiding McTaggart's infinite regress

Can a proponent of the A series avoid McTaggart's infinite regress by locating the time t at which something is past present or future along the B series? From the SEP's entry on Time McTaggart ...
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1answer
144 views

what is the exact meaning of bedeutung for Frege?

When we read the seminal essay of "sense and reference" by Frege, one of the most important ambiguity is the meaning of "bedeutung". Of course Michael Dummett the Late great philosopher point out to ...
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733 views

Concrete Examples of Complex Term Analysis Using Predicate Logic

In all of my textbooks, there are no concrete case studies of how one can use predicate logic to analyze specific characteristics of complex terms. I am therefore looking for an exemplar for the ...
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74 views

Thorough analysis of Kant's “conditions of possibility”

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
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56 views

What are the biggest advances in formal philosophy? [closed]

e.g. Is the formalization of occam's razor as minimum description length (Solomonoff induction) an example of this? Or the formalization of complexity as kolmogorov complexity?
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313 views

Examples of philosophers that are neither analytic nor continental

Are there any examples of philosophers who did (or do) neither analytic nor continental philosophy, but rather practiced (or practice) a harmonious mix between the two?
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110 views

Does analytical political philosophy discuss both capitalism and communism as an inheritence of Christianity?

John Gray, discusses in his book, Black Mass, the similarities between both Capitalism and Communism in terms of Christianity in a Post-Christian Europe - he calls them both Political Religion: He ...
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308 views

Wittgenstein: Why is bipolarity necessary?

I do get that for a certain proposition there may be the possibility of it being either true or false, but why must this possibility exist for every proposition?
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124 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
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202 views

The Irony of Rorty's Ethnocentrism and “Lonely Provincialism”

In his philosophy, Rorty “turns” his reorientation in analytic philosophy and epistemology away from knowledge to a new focus on hope. He adopts the stance of fallibilism and the “liberal ironism,” ...
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236 views

Can we have Ethics without Ontology?

Just finished reading Ethics without Ontology (2004) by Harvard professor Hilary Putnam where he argues for a pragmatic pluralism, conceptual relativity, and the obligations to recognize and resist ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
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109 views

Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
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180 views

How does contemporary philosophy treat Kant's antinomies?

Can anybody advise me reading on how contemporary philosophy treats Kant"s antinomies? In particular, I am curious, what is the attitude of analytic philosophy to the idea that human intellect ...