Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia ...

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Does analytical political philosophy discuss both capitalism and communism as an inheritence of Christianity?

John Gray, discusses in his book, Black Mass, the similarities between both Capitalism and Communism in terms of Christianity in a Post-Christian Europe - he calls them both Political Religion: He ...
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147 views

Wittgenstein: Why is bipolarity necessary?

I do get that for a certain proposition there may be the possibility of it being either true or false, but why must this possibility exist for every proposition?
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81 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
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35 views

The Irony of Rorty's Ethnocentrism and “Lonely Provincialism”

In his philosophy, Rorty “turns” his reorientation in analytic philosophy and epistemology away from knowledge to a new focus on hope. He adopts the stance of fallibilism and the “liberal ironism,” ...
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55 views

Can we have Ethics without Ontology?

Just finished reading Ethics without Ontology (2004) by Harvard professor Hilary Putnam where he argues for a pragmatic pluralism, conceptual relativity, and the obligations to recognize and resist ...
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117 views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
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65 views

Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
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124 views

Kant's antinomies and modern philosophy

Can anybody advise me reading on how modern philosophy treats Kant"s antinomies? In particular, I am curious, what is the attitude of analytic philosophy to the idea that human intellect inevitably ...
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78 views

Why should one read the Tracatus?

In the introduction to the Tractatus, Russell writes: In order to understand Mr Wittgenstein’s book, it is necessary to realize what is the problem with which he is concerned. In the part of his ...
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150 views

Does Wittgensteins own solution to Russells Paradox actually work?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein attempts a solution of Russells paradox 3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument ...
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88 views

Why could Wittgenstein say that men had an idea for the law of least action?

Wittgenstein says in the Tractatus: 6.3211 Men had indeed an idea that there must be a 'law of least action', before they knew exactly how it ran. (Here, as always, what is certain a priori proves ...
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134 views

Why does Wittgenstein say that the world is made of facts, and not things?

Proposition 1.1 of the Tractatus says: The world is the totality of facts, not of things. Does this mean that he regards the world being that of propositions whose truth can be determined - that ...
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99 views

Why does the world of the happy man differ from the world of the unhappy man?

In the Tractatus, what does Wittgenstein mean by: 6.43 If good or bad willing changes the world, it can only change the limits of the world, not the facts; not the things that can be expressed in ...
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91 views

I don't understand why Kant's definition of an analytic concept can't be expressed in terms of intensional logic

I've been studying the SEP article about intensional logic, and I think I have a good grasp of what "intension" means. The intension of a term like "bachelor" would be a function that designates a ...
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115 views

Has analytical or continental philosophy had the more profound or greater impact in the intellectual world at large?

I mean outside of its own discipline but also outside of the Anglo-European world. This question was provoked by the introduction to the Routledge History of Western Philosophy - Vol 10 - Continental ...
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177 views

What responses have there been to Mises' theory of praxeology?

In his treatise Human Action, Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises attempts to establish economics not as an empirical science, or a mathematical theory, but as a synthetic a priori endeavor he ...
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163 views

What does Nozick exactly say in his Demoktesis argument?

I know Wikipedia is not an excellent reference, but I quote from Wikipedia: Demoktesis is a thought-experiment designed to show the incompatibility of democracy with libertarianism in general ...
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2answers
136 views

Are there thought experiments in the discourse of continental philosophers?

This isn't a serious question of philosophy, but more about philosophical style. For example: Nagel's Bat and Searle's Chinese room & Frank Jacksons's Knowledge argument are all thought ...
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140 views

How to express Kant's notion of existence on first-order logic according to Ayer?

In Language, Truth, and Logic, Ayer writes: [As] Kant pointed out, existence is not an attribute. For, when we ascribe an attribute to a thing, we covertly assert that it exists. However, I ...
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99 views

view of analytic-philosophy from aesthetics

Always I see resources about view of continental-philosophy about aesthetics, is there any resource about view of analytic-philosophy about aesthetics? which philosopher of analytic-philosophy talks ...
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243 views

Logical positivism today

John Passmore in 1967 said that logical positivism "...is dead, or as dead as a philosophical movement ever becomes." Are there any modern philosophers that advocate logical positivism the same ...
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128 views

What are some good resources for Analytically trained philosophers to get into more “continental” figures?

My question is similar to this one and this one, but with a slightly different spin. I am interested in knowing who are some analytically trained philosophers who write on historically "continental" ...
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314 views

Introduction to critical theory for analytic philosophers

As far as I understand, there are two broad branches of critical theory: one is based on social theory, and the other on literary criticism and hermeneutics. I am more interested in the latter, of the ...
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265 views

What is the origin of the Continental vs. Analytic divide?

There's been much ado about the divisiveness between Heidegger and Husserl fans on the one side, with Frege and Russell stalwarts on the other. I'm mostly amused by accounts of name-calling between ...
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113 views

What makes analytic (social) epistemology relevant?

In a recent paper, Steve Fuller lambasts the analytic social epistemologist as having little understanding of how knowledge making actually works in the real world. The criticism is that the analytic ...
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779 views

Derrida-Searle debate - any information?

I would like to know how Derrida-Searle debate went on (Wikipedia is lacking, and Searle's response is somehow difficult to find.). Can anyone provide me some summary and some crucial details?
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What are Philippa Foot's considerations on the trolley problem?

The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics that goes like this: Suppose that a judge or magistrate is faced with rioters demanding that a culprit be found for a certain crime and ...
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371 views

Wittgenstein on Math

I have been reading Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations and my question is how does he come to realize that we can't have a perfect language. For instance I would say math is a perfect ...
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158 views

Is there a formal presentation of Maturana's “Autopoiesis”

I have been reading through "Autopoiesis and Cognition" by Humberto R. Maturana and Francisco J. Varela. One of their goals in defining autopoiesis and the supporting concepts of simple and composite ...
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201 views

What's an example of how the analysis of language is helpful in philosophy?

Wikipedia says: Analytic philosophy" can refer to: A general philosophical tradition characterized by an emphasis on clarity and argument (often achieved via modern formal logic and analysis of ...
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188 views

Are there any responses to Penelope Maddy's “Second Philosophy”?

I am finishing up reading Penelopy Maddy's [2007] "Second Philosophy". I really enjoy her flavor of naturalism. Like Quine, she justifies parts of mathematics because of its application. Unlike Quine, ...
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669 views

Why did Jacques Derrida call his theory “deconstruction”?

Deconstruction literally should mean "destroying something" or "tearing something apart" or something like that—something that is opposite to "construction". Why he has chosen this term for his ...
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341 views

Is reductionism the primary means of logical analysis in analytic philosophy?

I was reading a philosophical article about analytic philosophy and I saw the claim: Russell and many philosophers influenced by him asserted that complex statements can be reduced to simple ...
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181 views

Are there any philosophical works consisting entirely in conditional propositions?

Related, I suppose, to this question. In mathematics most theorems are of the form: If we have a [type of object] with [property 1] then it also has [property 2] That is, they are conditional ...
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563 views

Which philosophers have done most to bridge the analytic/continental divide?

I am interested to find out work done in this direction by prominent philosophers in each tradition. My paradigm cases would be Richard Rorty on the analytic side and Alain Badiou on the continental ...
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790 views

What are some ways to read Wittgenstein's Tractatus other than resolute/irresolute?

There are, at present, two dominant ways to read Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP). One is called the irresolute reading, the other the resolute reading. The irresolute reading ...