Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia ...

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What are contemporary Non English language and Continental sources in philosophy of mind?

It just came to me that all of the contemporary sources on philosophy of mind that I have been reading (Dennett, Nagel, Churchland, Chalmers, Searle, Hofstadter, Jackson) are all writing in English, ...
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Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
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49 views

What are divergent and convergent reasoning?

In my philosophy class we are looking at argument mapping. There is a part about divergent and convergent reasoning. I am really struggling on how to actually identify between these. I understand ...
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39 views

on Defeasibility of Justification [closed]

To escape Gettier problem as i learned in my epistemology class Defeasibility theory of knowledge is claimed. And now I try to give a counter-example of Defeasibility theory of knowledge. Consider ...
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344 views

What three “accessible” works of analytical philosophy would you assign?

The literature in analytical philosophy is vast and often quite technical. It is not generally dominated by such "Continental" masterworks as Critique of Pure Reason, Phenomenology or Spirit, or Being ...
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115 views

Was Hegel a major influence in analytic philosophy?

Wikipedia's "analytic and continental philosophers differ on the importance and influence of subsequent philosophers on their respective traditions... Hegel is viewed as a relatively minor figure for ...
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52 views

Two-dimensional modal propositional logic (Stalnaker `Assertion') [closed]

If we define the analogous of the necessity operator as follows: $\triangle\phi$ := $c,w \models \triangle\phi$ iff $\forall d \in W d,w \models \phi$ what would that intuitively means? What is ...
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237 views

Help me get this Hegel joke

A Facebook group Philosophy Matters posts philosophy related jokes from time to time. Today they posted this image : with the caption hegel, le sacre monstre Now not knowing anything about ...
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43 views

Where does Wilfred Sellars stand in current curricula?

I realize this is more of a question about "culture" of philosophy and answers will be relative. As an autodidact, beginning largely in the Continental tradition, it is sometimes hard for me to know ...
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80 views

What is an excellent, balanced book or review on contemporary philosophy (of science and in general)?

Can you recommend a book, review paper or other overview source on contemporary philosophy, esp. philosophy in relation to science (broadly understood, not only natural sciences), epistemology and ...
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Are unexamined belief systems a.k.a. superstitions & dogmas, studied by a specific branch of philosophy? [closed]

Context: Superstitions, dogmas and various kinds of unexamined belief-systems are rife in almost all populations around the world, and all demographic classifications. While some are easily spotted ...
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75 views

Looking for references for some remark of Quine's

I'm looking for a comment I think I remember Quine having made. He's talking about our understanding of proofs. I think he says something along the following lines... If you understand many different ...
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191 views

Is it possible to argue against a person who is skeptical about the meaning of all words?

Such person would consider the meaning of all words to be vague (including the meaning of the word "vague" ), and think that actually we do not know what we are talking about (including this sentence ...
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92 views

Why asking to examine facts over “transcendental statements” is labeled as “anti-realistic”?

Given ther stimulus from another question i read the wikipedia article on anti-realism, there it is mentioned (emphasis mine): In analytic philosophy, the term anti-realism describes any position ...
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178 views

Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
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63 views

Has Derek Parfit been working on time since 2011?

The New Yorker published a portrait of Derek Parfit in 2011, which included this outlook: The first paper Parfit wrote after he began to study philosophy was on the metaphysics of time. Now this ...
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158 views

Is there a poset based/category theoretical definition of God?

As a current atheist, who was a former theist, I feel that God is not a logically incoherent concept. However, many definitions of God, especially those that involve omnipotence, omniscience etc. are ...
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52 views

A Question about Negative Theology [closed]

I have been thinking about a question for a long time which apparently seems to be theological but ,on a deeper srutiny is a profound philosophical question.The question concerns the nonexistence of ...
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76 views

Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
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270 views

What is Intellectual Anarchism?

Every now and then I hear the phrase "intellectual anarchism". What does this mean exactly? Wikipedia has no article of that name, and google doesn't throw up much (a few disparate uses of the ...
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84 views

Is the line between use and mention always defined?

Consider the sentence "I like Heroin", meaning that you enjoy the famous song by the Velvet Underground. Is the expression in italics used or mentioned? To me it seems that it's a use, but a weird ...
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319 views

Can philosophy overcome “the two cultures” divide?

Snow noted a growing divide between "the two cultures" in Western society, scientists and "literary intellectuals", who became increasingly self-absorbed and incomprehensible to each other. One of ...
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27 views

Will there be any historical “milestone” anymore if we had achieve teaching philosophy and other knowledge [closed]

Will there be any historical greatest "milestone" anymore if we had achieve teaching philosophy and any kind of other knowledge either by using computer or by human teaching through computer by using ...
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129 views

Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
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Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics?

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics? Or did this rejection only come about with the rise of the logical positivists? By early analytic philosophers i mean, Frege, Russell, and Moore, ...
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411 views

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics again?

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics in analytic philosophy tradition again?
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119 views

Avoiding McTaggart's infinite regress

Can a proponent of the A series avoid McTaggart's infinite regress by locating the time t at which something is past present or future along the B series? From the SEP's entry on Time McTaggart ...
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112 views

what is the exact meaning of bedeutung for Frege?

When we read the seminal essay of "sense and reference" by Frege, one of the most important ambiguity is the meaning of "bedeutung". Of course Michael Dummett the Late great philosopher point out to ...
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640 views

Concrete Examples of Complex Term Analysis Using Predicate Logic

In all of my textbooks, there are no concrete case studies of how one can use predicate logic to analyze specific characteristics of complex terms. I am therefore looking for an exemplar for the ...
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70 views

Thorough analysis of Kant's “conditions of possibility”

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
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55 views

What are the biggest advances in formal philosophy? [closed]

e.g. Is the formalization of occam's razor as minimum description length (Solomonoff induction) an example of this? Or the formalization of complexity as kolmogorov complexity?
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290 views

Examples of philosophers that are neither analytic nor continental

Are there any examples of philosophers who did (or do) neither analytic nor continental philosophy, but rather practiced (or practice) a harmonious mix between the two?
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104 views

Does analytical political philosophy discuss both capitalism and communism as an inheritence of Christianity?

John Gray, discusses in his book, Black Mass, the similarities between both Capitalism and Communism in terms of Christianity in a Post-Christian Europe - he calls them both Political Religion: He ...
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286 views

Wittgenstein: Why is bipolarity necessary?

I do get that for a certain proposition there may be the possibility of it being either true or false, but why must this possibility exist for every proposition?
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121 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
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179 views

The Irony of Rorty's Ethnocentrism and “Lonely Provincialism”

In his philosophy, Rorty “turns” his reorientation in analytic philosophy and epistemology away from knowledge to a new focus on hope. He adopts the stance of fallibilism and the “liberal ironism,” ...
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176 views

Can we have Ethics without Ontology?

Just finished reading Ethics without Ontology (2004) by Harvard professor Hilary Putnam where he argues for a pragmatic pluralism, conceptual relativity, and the obligations to recognize and resist ...
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2k views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
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103 views

Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
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176 views

How does contemporary philosophy treat Kant's antinomies?

Can anybody advise me reading on how contemporary philosophy treats Kant"s antinomies? In particular, I am curious, what is the attitude of analytic philosophy to the idea that human intellect ...
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3answers
175 views

Why should one read the Tracatus?

In the introduction to the Tractatus, Russell writes: In order to understand Mr Wittgenstein’s book, it is necessary to realize what is the problem with which he is concerned. In the part of his ...
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258 views

Does Wittgensteins own solution to Russells Paradox actually work?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein attempts a solution of Russells paradox 3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument ...
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115 views

Why could Wittgenstein say that men had an idea for the law of least action?

Wittgenstein says in the Tractatus: 6.3211 Men had indeed an idea that there must be a 'law of least action', before they knew exactly how it ran. (Here, as always, what is certain a priori proves ...
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568 views

Why does Wittgenstein say that the world is made of facts, and not things?

Proposition 1.1 of the Tractatus says: The world is the totality of facts, not of things. Does this mean that he regards the world being that of propositions whose truth can be determined - that ...
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563 views

Why does the world of the happy man differ from the world of the unhappy man?

In the Tractatus, what does Wittgenstein mean by: 6.43 If good or bad willing changes the world, it can only change the limits of the world, not the facts; not the things that can be expressed in ...
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179 views

I don't understand why Kant's definition of an analytic concept can't be expressed in terms of intensional logic

I've been studying the SEP article about intensional logic, and I think I have a good grasp of what "intension" means. The intension of a term like "bachelor" would be a function that designates a ...
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183 views

Has analytical or continental philosophy had the more profound or greater impact in the intellectual world at large?

I mean outside of its own discipline but also outside of the Anglo-European world. This question was provoked by the introduction to the Routledge History of Western Philosophy - Vol 10 - Continental ...
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4answers
399 views

What responses have there been to Mises' theory of praxeology?

In his treatise Human Action, Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises attempts to establish economics not as an empirical science, or a mathematical theory, but as a synthetic a priori endeavor he ...
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515 views

What does Nozick exactly say in his Demoktesis argument?

I know Wikipedia is not an excellent reference, but I quote from Wikipedia: Demoktesis is a thought-experiment designed to show the incompatibility of democracy with libertarianism in general ...
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194 views

Are there thought experiments in the discourse of continental philosophers?

This isn't a serious question of philosophy, but more about philosophical style. For example: Nagel's Bat and Searle's Chinese room & Frank Jacksons's Knowledge argument are all thought ...