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3
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5answers
133 views

What does Dawkins suggest, is the main flaw in Aquinas's these three arguments?

1 The Unmoved Mover Nothing moves without a prior mover. This leads us to an infinite regress, from which the only escape is God. Something had to make the first move, and that something we ...
3
votes
5answers
110 views

Invalid arguments with true premises and true conclusion [duplicate]

I'm am study some classical logic and I am having trouble with argument validity. I learned to think of validity as determined by the definition "If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be ...
20
votes
11answers
5k views

Dawkins's rebuttal to Aquinas's “The Argument from Degree”?

Let’s move on down Aquinas’s list. 4. The Argument from Degree We notice that things in the world differ. There are degrees of, say, goodness or perfection. But we judge these ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Is this a logical fallacy?

I overheard a conversation that went something like this: A: You could buy that for me. B: I can't afford that. A: Are you going to let money get in the way of friendship? Specifically, I like the ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

How to rebut in this format of written argument under 550 words? [duplicate]

1 Conclusion 2 Arguments in favour of your conclusion (same source for ¶4) 3 Arguments against your conclusion 4 Explanations as to why the arguments in ¶3 fail. (Call these rebuttals) + ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it effective, helpful, and safe to narrow a given topic? [closed]

I ask in the context of preparing to write an essay test, with a time limit of 35 mins and a word limit of 550 words, that requires the choice of one of three essay questions on a range of subjects ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Rhetorical questions in argument

The author in this model essay never answers or presents counterarguments to his many rhetorical questions. So why would the author choose to conclude a paragraph and write this essay in the form of ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How can death matter to the dead person? - About the argument

I'm a mere beginner to philosophy and here, I'm not asking about philosophy or any abstraction about, but rather just the logic or strength of the argument for this essay topic: 'Does it matter if ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Equivocation Fallacy: When the context of similarity is not the context of the argument

I often hear or read statements that seem to have a similar type of fallacious reasoning about it. I want to know if there is a name this type of fallacy: Top women chess players have a lower draw ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

What is 'fence sitting' in an essay context?

I asked about the propriety and validity of fence sitting here, but the many instructive answers now advance a new question: what is it exactly? It is fence-sitting only if you say that they do ...
3
votes
6answers
164 views

What is wrong with the argument “Had I not been born, I would not have done X, thus it is my mother's/father's fault”

What is wrong with the argument: Had I not been born, I would not have done X, thus it is my mother's/father's fault If you excuse the fact that I don't know how to phrase this better or in a ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

When does inference become overreaching?

I realise that this is a broad abstract question, so please allow this example, from which I hope to learn the general lesson and bigger picture. Some vital community goods, such as defence, ...
-1
votes
0answers
54 views

What's 'the logic of the argument', about rural spaces?

Page 2, only first two paragraphs under the heading 'Spaces of Consumption' Don't read the entire PDF. Sorry, this passage is hard so the below is my guess of what's important. Yes, it's all in 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Why does Justice Breyer say himself that his is not a logical argument?

At the 1 hr 10 mins 0 secs instant, Justice Stephen G Breyer says: I obviously have not convinced you. [laughter] I’m just trying to acquaint you with the arguments on the two sides. I forgot one ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
3
votes
4answers
199 views

Rebuttal for modus ponens

Saw this (WP:"What the Tortoise said to Achilles") on the internet. A summary is as follows. The common argument is: A: If p then q B: p C: Therefore q. This raises the following question: what if ...
-2
votes
1answer
37 views

Does the alleged answer overinfer? - Test 2, Q21, p 113, by Mark Shepherd [closed]

The passage is exactly this. 21 It is implied that public opinion has changed most on which issue in recent years? (a) Unmarried heterosexual couples (b) Gay couples (c) Neither (d) Both (e) There is ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

Doesn't this passage state the word 'gay' prevails? - Test 1, Q9, p 74, by Mark Shepherd

The word ‘gay’ is commonly used as an insult in British playgrounds. With homophobia on the increase in schools, should teachers be doing more to stop such name- calling? Calling something, or ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Cultural relativism - Test 1, Q19, by Mark Shepherd

Cultural relativism is the view that all ethical truth is relative to a specifi ed culture. According to cultural relativism, it is never true to say simply that a certain kind of behaviour is right ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Malthus's argument on population - Test 1, Q14, by Mark Shepherd

I took a practice test for a law exam and am having difficulty with understanding the logic behind a question. Apologies for the length, but I included the whole question and details for completeness. ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Conviction about a system from pseudo-proofs of its truths

I vaguely recall a description about manifestations of the truths offered by a system being pseudo-proofs for that system to be right, in a context in which logical certainty is not possible. Consider ...
3
votes
5answers
94 views

Is fence sitting ever admirable and valuable?

This quote is from a website for an undergraduate law admissions test of 40 minutes: Don’t sit on the fence. Don’t say that each side in an argument has a point unless you go on to say which point ...
1
vote
4answers
99 views

Tu quoque and scientific anti-philosophy [closed]

Unless I misunderstood this recent thread, the scientifically minded can legitimately only believe in science (not philosophy), and what is "robust and reliable", it's just that they don't prove it's ...
0
votes
3answers
146 views

Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
-1
votes
3answers
90 views

What sense does Pascal's wager take on after God has died?

What would a Nietzschean wager look like? Can we imagine such a thing? I'm not asking about the eternal return (unless you can include mention of Pascal in your answer.)
3
votes
1answer
116 views

How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Is “do as caesar does” a fallacy?

Is there a name for the fallacy that to do something one has to do it as its most famous / powerful proponent does? I'm thinking about Marxism.
4
votes
2answers
83 views

Is it ever appropriate or reasonable to use pejorative expletives in public discussion?

This is a vague question as stated, and I'm afraid I can only narrow it down by throwing together what I think are related ideas: that there may be a differential use of "f*** you" in a particular ...
-1
votes
3answers
109 views

Thought experiment: Argument whose life is more valuable organic or mechanical? [closed]

Let's consider the following scenario: There is a really important mission consisting of a team of two individuals: a sentient, artificially intelligent robot and a human. If the mission fails, ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Is this a ridiculous argument: “If the land contains Chinese-made products many thousand years ago then that land belongs to China's territory”? [closed]

Ok, let see this argument: If A then B, A therefore B Look at the picture below, do you see the red line? & do you see many small islands inside the red line? For thousands years these ...
3
votes
3answers
361 views

Why is argument by analogy invalid?

There is a well known fallacy called the "argument by analogy" fallacy. As I understand it, the fallacy occurs in a situation where someone makes a reasonable comparison between two situations and ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Is it Unethical to Use Sarcasm?

I am trying to find an ideal example of when it is best to use Sarcasm. It seems that sarcasm in general is a rude, and disrespectful approach to talk to someone. I can see how it may be used to prove ...
20
votes
14answers
3k views

Does hypocrisy invalidate an argument?

I was listening to a political podcast and David Poltz (one of the presenters) said of an argument that he was unconcerned whether the argument was hypocritical. I found that attitude jarring, ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

What are the rules of postulating?

When a person wants to postulate something, what are the rules and best practices he can adhere too? How should the idea one is trying to express be formulated?
1
vote
3answers
70 views

Does brevity justify using neologisms whose meaning is obvious (e.g. quality of being a dog = doghood) in philosophical writing

Philosophers seem to use more neologisms than most other academics. Novel permutations of morphemes seem especially prevalent. I suspect most people apprehend the meanings of words like ...
21
votes
10answers
4k views

Gun Control vs. Drunk Driving

I just read "Is 'guns don't kill people people kill people' a good argument?" and it reminds me of another argument. I would like your opinion on whether or not it is a good argument. Gun Control ...
3
votes
4answers
284 views

How to point out argumentation fallacy in “real life”

I often come up discussing (peacefully!) with people on a wide spectrum of topics, and equally often I have to debunk flawed arguments, in logic sense (see for example this question). However I can't ...
106
votes
13answers
20k views

Is 'guns don't kill people people kill people' a good argument?

I'm hearing the argument X doesn't do Y people do Y in quite a few guises. For instance in it's original form guns don't kill people; people kill people Presumably, therefore guns are OK ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Does this reduction to the absurd bastardize the technique?

I have a small-claims matter pending with the courts in my state. Here, self-represented parties are required to attend an information session, which I attended today. During this session the ...
3
votes
4answers
216 views

Computational counter-argument for solipsism

First let me elaborate the argument. Take a calculator (wolframalpha, google or other software tools may serve as well). Perform some very complex operation. Write down the operation and the result ...
0
votes
2answers
260 views

What are the better discussion sites for moral philosophy?

I'm looking for mailing lists, web forums and other discussion sites. I hope to participate myself, so the sites must be more-or-less openly accessible. The topic that interests me is moral ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

What fallacy/fallacies are present when a person discredits another person's arguments, by claiming they are not arguing for their own position?

Example: Person A argues that skipping breakfast has no effect on a person likelihood to gain weight. Person B takes the position opposite that breakfast in fact curves hunger and chances of putting ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

How to teach meta level discussion about controversial topics

I had a very heated discussion lately about a video of a Rap Battle. Of course, in such a battle the language is extremely rude. I am talking about the lowest, harshest and most discriminatingly evil ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Argumentum ab ignavia

As a follow on from this question. How do you counter to argument, which I will nickname “Argumentum ab ignavia” which goes along the pseudo Socratic lines of: “I have no real evidence on your ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

Is argument that two theories are equally valid because I am not an expert “argument ad ignoratum”

I am trying to get to grips with an argument with a friend, whereby he argues that because he does not have the full facts or because one theory is not 100% proven means that both competing theories ...
1
vote
1answer
358 views

Sound and Unsound arguments?

I've been taking this Philosophy courses at my college and I got stuck at these homework. It asks to identify in the given paragraph which arguments is sound or unsound, and if it is unsound, I have ...
0
votes
4answers
206 views

What is the argument in this Paragraph

What is the argument in this Paragraph (Aquinas's Five Ways): The fifth way is taken from the governance of the world. We see that things which lack intelligence, such as natural bodies, act for an ...
4
votes
3answers
404 views

Argument Analysis; Circumstances vs. Causation

A friend of mine likes to contrive arguments that are usually innately invalid but skewed in such a way to make them seem logical so as to suit his needs. I can most always identify the core flaw of ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What do you call a question that is built upon a condition that can never happen? And how do I approach it?

DISCLAIMER: I not a philosophy student. I am just confused and trying to seek an answer. Suppose I am sincerely concerned and asked this question: I should keep a pink unicorn in my back yard, but ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Fallacy: shifting the point of the conversation

A: "Biologically men and women are different, and therefore it shouldn't surprise they have different salary on average". B: "That is obvious. But you cannot derive from such a difference in terms of ...