Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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Is conception an Aristotelian efficient, or material cause?

Someone asks you the question, "Why are you?" You reply My parents conceived me. Am I correct in saying that your conception, according to Aristotle, is the efficient cause of your ...
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Aristotelian Argument Against Theory of Forms

I'm new to philosophical studies, my background is in mathematics. I've just read some of Aristotle's Metaphysics today, and would like critique on a brief argument I wrote against Plato's Forms ...
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Is Jacques Lacan Aristotelian?

Lacan develops his 4 formulae of sexuation from Aristotle's square of opposition. http://www.swingtradesystems.com/lacan/lacan-and-aristotle.html Given that he claims he undercuts the universals of ...
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John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism and its relationship to Aristotle's eudaemonism

In Mill's Utilitarianism, he attempts to layout groundwork which removed subjectivity from the good in a thing. When I read this, it just seems like he's naysaying his relationship to the virtues laid ...
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Aristotle Quote about answering irony with earnestness and earnestness with irony?

I have a very vague recollection of reading a quote---I think by Aristotle in one of his works on rhetoric. The general idea of the quote was that, when making an argument, you ought to counter your ...
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Does a quantum system change in-itself or by contact?

Aristotle divides change in two ways, change by contact, and change in-itself; for example, I hold a cup and move or rotate it - this is change by contact; or a rose grows by itself - it has some ...
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Aristotle's efficient causes: How can they make sense?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: [...] ...
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69 views

Aristotle on Voluntary Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide

Aristotle greatly emphasizes the influence of the master, or he who possesses the greatest amount of practical wisdom. It is this master that we should turn to in order to determine the most virtuous ...
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What are some contemporary debates regarding Plato's & Aristotle's writings?

What are some major contemporary issues in Plato and Aristotle scholarship in recent years?
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Aristotle's material causes: How deep should we go?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: ...
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Apparent causation in a strictly causally determined world

Imagine an automata universe (an example of a universe in which all causation is defined as an operation on the current state of the object of change defined by a set of immutable rules/axioms, which ...
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60 views

Aristotle's example of the material cause of a syllable

When Aristotle gives the example that the letters of a syllable are the material cause of the syllable, what does he mean by "syllable"? IMPORTANT: Imagine the following is written on a real physical ...
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Why does Aristotle opine that friends of virtue need no justice?

Source: p 22, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto) The doctrine of the golden mean is supported by Aristotle's theory of friendship. ...
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Aristotle's Metaphysics

I have been studying Aristotle's Metaphysics and his definition of "coming to be" and "being" and with my limited knowledge I have tried to contrast his ideas to Plato's, so as to make sense of ...
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38 views

Russel's paradox compared to Aristotle's logic

How can we easily explain what Russel might mean about Aristotle's logic? Did I understand correctly that, loosely speaking, if we have a statement in Aristotle's logic for example: No human being ...
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37 views

Literal vs. common translations of “Eudaemonia”

In the (very few) courses on philosophy that I've taken we've always talked about "Eudaemonia" and my teachers/classmates/textbooks/internet searches always translate it as "the flourishing life". ...
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116 views

Why did the chicken cross the road?

I understand more or less why To get to the other side. can be considered to be a valid answer to the question: Why did the chicken cross the road? I don't understand why Aristotle's final ...
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What is the difference between correlation and causation?

What is the difference between correlation and causation? Pirates and Global Temperature Example For example, how do we know when we're dealing with correlation only and not also causation here? ...
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62 views

How does the removal of an impeding cause generate an effect?

How does Aristotle or a medieval scholastic commentator like St. Thomas Aquinas explain how one cause can impede the action of another cause? Or, conversely, how does the removal of an impeding cause ...
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82 views

What are the original Greek expressions for “is predicated of”, “applies to” and “belongs to”?

I'm re-reading Aristotle's Prior Analytics in which he expounds his syllogistic. In the text, instead of writing "All A is B", he usually writes "B is predicated of all A" or "B applies to all A" or ...
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49 views

Does anything follow from falsity in Aristotelian Logic?

In the usual propositional logic, proving a contradiction means that one can prove any other proposition; this on the face of it , and when one turns it over is quite strange - and there are modern ...
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57 views

Are there any alternatives to the theory that virtues are the means between two vices?

Aristotle theorizes that virtues like courage are the average or mean of two vices such as cowardice and foolhardiness. Are there any competing theories of virtue which explicitly reject virtues as ...
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51 views

What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

Eudaimonea is typically mistranslated as "happiness" (subjective mental states) when it is an objective state of fulfillment of purpose. (I consider that to be the central definition of the concept ...
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In Aristotelian metaphysics, what are the constraints on what a thing can potentially be?

Aristotle distinguishes between actuality and potentiality. If we take a bronze statue (the example at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's Article on Aristotle and Causality), what is this ...
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74 views

Is Socrates a substance?

Consider the following from Aristotles Categories: Substance, in the truest, primary and most definite sense of the word, is that which is neither predicable of a subject nor present in a subject. ...
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Do Aristotle's four causes just work in “middle world”?

One should assume that with his four causes Aristotle wants to give us some very general starting points for an investigation of reality. Yet, at first sight his four causes (maybe except the ...
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What distinguishes species from genus?

In Categories, Aristotle claims that all things that exist are either complex or simple; and the simple things can be classified into ten categories. The first and most basic category includes ...
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Did Aristotle write his works?

I've heard that things like "ethics" and "politics" are not actual books written by Aristotle, but are instead manuscripts of notes of lectures he gave. Is this true for all, some, or none of his ...
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Does Aristotle inspire late-20th or 21st century physicists?

Is there anything a late-20th or 21st century physicist can learn from antique philosophy of nature as stated by Aristotle? Is there any new inspiring notion or thought? Note. I do not ask about the ...
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87 views

Does Aristotle have anything to say about the interpretative paradoxes of QM?

This follows this question The same question, angled a little differently suggests a family resemblence with the measurement paradox in QM: First and most broadly, QM is standardly said to have an ...
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Is Aristotle's resolution of Zeno's paradoxes vindicated by motion in the intuitionistic continuum?

In Physics VIII.8, Aristotle refers to his usual resolution of Zeno's paradox of motion: We should make the same response to anyone who uses Zeno's argument to ask whether it is always necessary ...
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What is the relation between calculus and Aristotle's view of infinite divisibility?

According to an article by Rowan, Aristotle very practically, pointed out that there was a threshold to get something moving when there is resistance to friction: 'one man cannot move a ship' as ...
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33 views

Is Buridan's impetus the same as velocity in Aristotle?

According to the SEP Buridan was the first to develop the physical motion of impetus: a force applied for a certain time; it is silent, however on just where and how Buridan took this notion - ...
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Is aition rendered better as “cause” or “explanation”?

This is part of an assignment, but I find myself stumped on how to even approach the question. Perhaps someone could steer me in the right direction. In regard to the Four Causes, Aristotle's use of ...
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Why are the philosophies of Aristotle and Kant anthropocentric?

I came across this in an article I was reading: Anthropocentrism "is not limited to Jewish and Christian theology and can be found in Aristotle’s Politics and in Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy." ...
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Aristotle and Charles Taylor's view of the self

I watched the movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind with Jim Carrey, and was asked: Do you think think erasing another from one's memory, as in the film, is a form of erasing oneself? Answer ...
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79 views

What's Aristotles criticism against Hobbes' conception of human happiness?

Hobbes argues that human happiness is “continual success in obtaining the things you want when you want them”. Aristotle does not fully agree with this conception of human happiness, arguing that a ...
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What use is the Principle of Plentitude?

I am having trouble wrapping my head around the principle of plentitude. It was explained to me thus: "Everything which could exist does exist". What is the use of this untestable notion?
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Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians has the most citations?

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians is the most influential in terms of citations? And through what are they cited the most?
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Is human nature necessarily metaphysics? Is it not possible to have an account of human nature that doesn't involve metaphysics?

I'm working on an MA Dissertation on MacIntyre's thought. And I find that from his earlier rejection of Aristotelian metaphysical biology, he moves back into discussing human nature in a very ...
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Aristotelian technique of bootstrapping into new areas of knowledge [closed]

In "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance", the author mentions Aristotelian techniques of bootstrapping into new areas of knowledge (Chapter 29, page 356). What does he mean?
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Aristotle, Categories, κινητόν [closed]

In Aristotle, to what category does the κινητόν belong?
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Aristotelian terminology, dynamis and entelechy

Does Aristotle ever use a collective term (such as `mode') for ἐντελέχεια and δύναμις?
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How does time flow in presentism?

In Presentism, where only the present exists; the past and future do not - how then does time 'flow'? To 'flow' requires a motion; for example, in the standard physical presentation of a moving ...
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Is the Matrix Platonic or Aristotelian?

I recently watched the Matrix and I was wondering whether it depends on the philosophy put forth by Plato or by that put forth by Aristotle. I noticed there were several analogies to Plato's analogy ...
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Did Modernism “overturn” or “evolve out of” Aristotle?

It is often said that modern philosophy begins with a break from Aristotle, as developed by Galileo, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Locke, et al. Though the modernists struggled to "start from scratch," ...
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In what way is Socrates a primary substance?

In Aristotles logic (organon) he says: If I say that Socrates is a man, I have said what Socrates is, and signified a substance (ousia) There is some ambiguity here: Is he saying that Socrates ...
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150 views

Are variational principles/Heron's principle final causes?

[EDIT: My question can be refined to, how does Heron's account of the behavior of light fit into a classical causal account of nature? Especially, is his account a kind of natural locomotion in ...
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Confusion about Anaximander statement

I am a self taught Philosophy student, without any formal training in Philosophy. So, please bear with me if my question seems to be pretty basic or meaningless. In the book Looking at Philosophy by ...
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How is the Parmenidian “One” related to atomism?

Consider the classical conception of atoms in a vacuum in a box - the perfect gas; they collide and it this impulse of force that is their only interaction; and thus their dynamics; and this comes ...