Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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Why is it wrong to deduce determinism from a logical law?

In Aristotle's famous sea battle argument, he argues from bivalence (or something like it) to determinism. Stalnacker has an argument to determinism using standard logical laws, as well. My question ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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110 views

Why does Aristotle suggest One is not a number?

Parmenides showed Nothing is not the same as Zero; the second is a number, and the first is not, in more than one sense; it also differs from the Buddhist notion of Sunyatta, which is nothing in a ...
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What emotion corresponds to courage?

In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle outlines an axis for lache (courage); where one extreme is cowardice, and the other recklessness. One can associate the emotion of fear with cowardice, but what ...
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Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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What is the best order to read Aristotle in?

A question similar to this was asked, but mine is a little more specific. In any given writing of Aristotle I find concepts which it seems he explores in other places. Is there an order in which the ...
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45 views

We know substances by means of their accidents?

Where does Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas say we know substances by means of their accidents? For example: To know the substance of an apple, I first have to sense its quantity and qualities: shape, ...
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Would it be correct or incorrect to interpret Aristotle's view of Tragedy as a ritual?

My question relates specifically to the use of the Greek verb δρώντων part pl pres act masc gen attic epic doric aeolic contr in Poetics, 1449b-28 in which tragedy is defined, among other things ...
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38 views

Is Aristotle's Mean exactly in the middle?

Did Aristotle mean by 'Mean' exactly the middle between two extremes, or just some "sweet spot" that need not be the middle at all?
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Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
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Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [closed]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
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Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
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135 views

Did the early greek philosophers, including Plato and Aristotle make use of the Jewish scriptures just as much as writings from India and Egypt?

I'm a student of philosophy carefully reading through the Britannica Great Books series. In our homeschool discussions, occurring each Wednesday afternoon, I'm finding most of the questions ...
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220 views

How can there be order without intelligence to understand it?

Chicken or the Egg argument. TLDR update Is the ability to reason, which is required to understand our surrounding (as explained with science below), proof of reason existing prior to our own ...
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How did Aristotle or St. Thomas resolve the liar's paradox?

How did Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas (such as in one of his commentaries on Aristotle) resolve the liar's paradox?
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30 views

Aristotle- Is a focus on virtue beneficial for individuals and society? [closed]

Should we all be following Aristotle's ethics to have a good human life? Should we constantly exercise virtue? Is this good for individuals and society?
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Are infinities in physics (or in any other materalist philosophy) actually possible?

Aristotle made a distinction between infinities that were in potential (dunamis) and in actuality (energia); and stated that actual infinities did not obtain in the physical world. This is the basis ...
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106 views

Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways?

Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways? What do Aristotle and Plato think? It would seem that Aristotle thinks mathematics can be applied to physics in one way only because, ...
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107 views

How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
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For Aristotle, is definition a kind of “saying of”?

In Categories, Aristotle says that particulars can't be said of anything. But it seems possible to say of Socrates that he is the Athenian whose name is Socrates. Supposing there can be only one ...
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123 views

Is the categorical syllogistic a formal system?

I attended a recent presentation of a doctoral thesis in which the candidate described the categorical syllogistic as a formal system - making reference to Jan Łukasiewicz. The reasons given for ...
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62 views

How is 'medical' in 'medical man' and 'medical instrument' different?

I'm just looking at Aristole and homonymy. In Eudemian Ethics he gives the example of medical man, medical instrument and medical problem as exhibting homonymy. Anthony Kenny in A New History ...
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Don't waste your time with Aristotle

I plan on reading through some Aristotle, and I was wondering if there are any books by him that people consider a waste of time to read. I would like to read through everything eventually, but I ...
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55 views

Suggestions for critical writing

I was wondering if anyone had any tips for critiquing a philosophical work. I know this is a vast topic in itself, but I really want to start analyzing philosophical writings and engaging with the ...
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Understanding Aristotle's “Politics”

I'm having a difficult time understanding this passage: Last paragraph in part III of book 1, Further, the state is by nature clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the ...
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278 views

Aristotle's Syllogistic and Proofs by Contradiction

I'm just reading about Aristole's work on syllogism in Anthony Kenny's A New History of Philosophy book. I'm struggling to understand the tranformations between different forms of syllogisms. So ...
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Is trance music cathartic?

I've been thinking about catharsis (in the sense used in aesthetics) and I'm trying to feel out the edges of its accepted application. Trance music is often described using words such as "euphoric" ...
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90 views

Does entelechy have a contrary?

As I understand it, entelechy is a term that is associated with Aristotle who used it in the sense of the actualisation or complete realisation of an entity's potential. As far as we know, was ...
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Motion and contradiction

Zeno famously said an arrow cannot be in motion as it occupies some precise position at some precise time. And is thus at rest. Modern physics resolves this by stating the arrow has momentum. It is ...
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Is the world of Gods substance?

Supposing that God exists, supposing that nothing can be created out of nothing, then the world must be created out of God. That is the world is not apart from God. Famously Spinoza argues that the ...
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146 views

Aristotle's Wording Is Either Wrong Or Confusing

In Rhetoric, Book I, Part 6, Aristotle states: We may define a good thing as that which ought to be chosen for its own sake; or as that for the sake of which we choose something else; or as ...
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Is Aristotle referring to both Posterior Analytics and Prior Analytics when referring to simply “Analytics”?

In Book I, Part 2 of Aristotle's Rhetoric, Aristotle writes: With regard to the persuasion achieved by proof or apparent proof: just as in dialectic there is induction on the one hand and ...
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33 views

Does pure Place have Being?

According to Aristotelian physics A vacuum, or void, is a place free of everything, and Aristotle argued against the possibility. Void doesn't seem to be the Parmenidian Non-Being. It still ...
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What is Aristotle trying to say here?

I was reading Aristotle's Metaphysics, and I'm stumped on this passage: Yet the acquisition of it [wisdom, knowledge of first causes and principles] must in a sense end in something which is the ...
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What did Aristotle mean by λόγος in the phrase «ὁ…κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος»?

In the beginning of his Categories, Aristotle wrote, Ὁμώνυμα λέγεται ὧν ὄνομα μόνον κοινόν, ὁ δὲ κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος, οἷον ζῷον ὅ τε ἄνθρωπος καὶ τὸ γεγραμμένον τούτων γὰρ ὄνομα ...
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300 views

Who is a virtuous agent in virtue ethics?

Who exactly is a virtuous agent? I know a virtuous agent, at least in Aristole's view, is one that acts accordance with reason. But is this agent myself or someone I know or someone I look up to or ...
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99 views

What properties can Void have?

Parmenides suggested that void being the lack of being cannot be and cannot be theorised, from his On Nature: Come now, I will tell thee - and do thou hearken to my saying and carry it away - the ...
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Is contemporary advertising a form of Rhetorics?

The definition that Aristotle gives of Rhetoric makes me think that it could also include contemporary advertising. The definition of Rhetoric is the following: Rhetoric may be defined as the ...
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Is there a possible world in which the secondary attributes of our world become primary?

After Aristotles wrote on substance, a theory developed about the attributes that could inhere in a substance - they were distinguished between primary & secondary. For example colour is a ...
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85 views

What is the most credible picture of Plato's Academy in Plato's time?

I assume there actually was an Academy set up by Plato and not taken over by him and made famous. In the paintings I've seen of it - admittedly done in the Renaissance -, it looks rather grand, like ...
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Was Gödel the first person to bring up that truth always exceeds the grasp of proof?

Was Gödel the first person to pose and solve this question in mathematics? In the larger philosophical debate, has this question been posed before? Say by Plato or Aristotle? One could interpret for ...
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Fire, Air, Water, Earth

Aristotle considered the earth to be composed of the elements Fire, Air, Water, Earth. Should this system be totally disregarded or does it offer some advantage over modern science's system?
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In the following is Hobbes paraphrasing Aristotle?

In Hobbes Leviathan, chapter II: The imagination he writes: That when a thing lies still, unless somewhat else stirs it, it will lie still forever, is a truth no man doubts of. But that when a thing ...
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236 views

Is there a difference between inconsistent and contrary?

Is there a difference between 'inconsistent' and 'contrary'? As far as I understand two statements are inconsistent when they can not both be true. Does 'contrary' have the same definition? As far as ...
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105 views

How is the idea of an explosion represented in a purely Aristotelian physics?

Given the need to explain an explosion of a flour mill, assuming a purely Aristotelian paradigm, what concepts could be used to explain the mill's destruction? This question is to help more ...
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528 views

What is the most accurate translation of “Eudaimonia”?

I am taking an introduction course to philosophy at my university. And the professors are translating "Eudaimonia" to "A happy life", or "A good life", used "Living a good/happy life". My course is in ...
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Aristotle on the actuality of the soul - problem understanding 'de anima'

In Aristotle's de anima passage 413a - 5 it is said that the actuality of some parts of the soul is the actuality of the parts of the body This is supposed to argue that soul is not separable ...
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What kind of government did Aristotle consider the best?

If Aristotle was opposed to democracy as an ideal form of government, what kind of government did he consider the best?
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Is infinite regress of logical causation possible? Is infinite regress of logical causation necessary?

For a number of reasons — including perhaps a desire to feel that we have a complete understanding of where we came from, or at least an understanding which is completely sufficient for all of ...
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Can there be an infinite chain of causes/effects? [duplicate]

One of Aristotle's premises for proving that God exists is that there cannot be an infinite chain of causes and effects, hence there must be one cause which had no previous cause (i.e. God). Does ...