Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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What is the difference between correlation and causation?

What is the difference between correlation and causation? Pirates and Global Temperature Example For example, how do we know when we're dealing with correlation only and not also causation here? ...
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How does the removal of an impeding cause generate an effect?

How does Aristotle or a medieval scholastic commentator like St. Thomas Aquinas explain how one cause can impede the action of another cause? Or, conversely, how does the removal of an impeding cause ...
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What are the original Greek expressions for “is predicated of”, “applies to” and “belongs to”?

I'm re-reading Aristotle's Prior Analytics in which he expounds his syllogistic. In the text, instead of writing "All A is B", he usually writes "B is predicated of all A" or "B applies to all A" or ...
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Does anything follow from falsity in Aristotelian Logic?

In the usual propositional logic, proving a contradiction means that one can prove any other proposition; this on the face of it , and when one turns it over is quite strange - and there are modern ...
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Are there any alternatives to the theory that virtues are the means between two vices?

Aristotle theorizes that virtues like courage are the average or mean of two vices such as cowardice and foolhardiness. Are there any competing theories of virtue which explicitly reject virtues as ...
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What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

Eudaimonea is typically mistranslated as "happiness" (subjective mental states) when it is an objective state of fulfillment of purpose. (I consider that to be the central definition of the concept ...
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In Aristotelian metaphysics, what are the constraints on what a thing can potentially be?

Aristotle distinguishes between actuality and potentiality. If we take a bronze statue (the example at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's Article on Aristotle and Causality), what is this ...
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69 views

Is Socrates a substance?

Consider the following from Aristotles Categories: Substance, in the truest, primary and most definite sense of the word, is that which is neither predicable of a subject nor present in a subject. ...
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340 views

Do Aristotle's four causes just work in “middle world”?

One should assume that with his four causes Aristotle wants to give us some very general starting points for an investigation of reality. Yet, at first sight his four causes (maybe except the ...
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What distinguishes species from genus?

In Categories, Aristotle claims that all things that exist are either complex or simple; and the simple things can be classified into ten categories. The first and most basic category includes ...
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68 views

Did Aristotle write his works?

I've heard that things like "ethics" and "politics" are not actual books written by Aristotle, but are instead manuscripts of notes of lectures he gave. Is this true for all, some, or none of his ...
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101 views

Does Aristotle inspire late-20th or 21st century physicists?

Is there anything a late-20th or 21st century physicist can learn from antique philosophy of nature as stated by Aristotle? Is there any new inspiring notion or thought? Note. I do not ask about the ...
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Does Aristotle have anything to say about the interpretative paradoxes of QM?

This follows this question The same question, angled a little differently suggests a family resemblence with the measurement paradox in QM: First and most broadly, QM is standardly said to have an ...
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Is Aristotle's resolution of Zeno's paradoxes vindicated by motion in the intuitionistic continuum?

In Physics VIII.8, Aristotle refers to his usual resolution of Zeno's paradox of motion: We should make the same response to anyone who uses Zeno's argument to ask whether it is always necessary ...
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What is the relation between calculus and the qualitative notions of Aristotle?

According to this article by Rowan, Aristotle very practically, pointed out that there was a threshold to get something moving when there is resistance to friction: 'one man cannot move a ship' ...
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29 views

Is Buridan's impetus the same as velocity in Aristotle?

According to the SEP Buridan was the first to develop the physical motion of impetus: a force applied for a certain time; it is silent, however on just where and how Buridan took this notion - ...
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67 views

Is aition rendered better as “cause” or “explanation”?

This is part of an assignment, but I find myself stumped on how to even approach the question. Perhaps someone could steer me in the right direction. In regard to the Four Causes, Aristotle's use of ...
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53 views

Why are the philosophies of Aristotle and Kant anthropocentric?

I came across this in an article I was reading: Anthropocentrism "is not limited to Jewish and Christian theology and can be found in Aristotle’s Politics and in Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy." ...
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Aristotle and Charles Taylor's view of the self

I watched the movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind with Jim Carrey, and was asked: Do you think think erasing another from one's memory, as in the film, is a form of erasing oneself? Answer ...
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52 views

What's Aristotles criticism against Hobbes' conception of human happiness?

Hobbes argues that human happiness is “continual success in obtaining the things you want when you want them”. Aristotle does not fully agree with this conception of human happiness, arguing that a ...
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What use is the Principle of Plentitude?

I am having trouble wrapping my head around the principle of plentitude. It was explained to me thus: "Everything which could exist does exist". What is the use of this untestable notion?
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Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians has the most citations?

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians is the most influential in terms of citations? And through what are they cited the most?
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Is human nature necessarily metaphysics? Is it not possible to have an account of human nature that doesn't involve metaphysics?

I'm working on an MA Dissertation on MacIntyre's thought. And I find that from his earlier rejection of Aristotelian metaphysical biology, he moves back into discussing human nature in a very ...
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Aristotelian technique of bootstrapping into new areas of knowledge [closed]

In "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance", the author mentions Aristotelian techniques of bootstrapping into new areas of knowledge (Chapter 29, page 356). What does he mean?
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Aristotle, Categories, κινητόν [closed]

In Aristotle, to what category does the κινητόν belong?
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Aristotelian terminology, dynamis and entelechy

Does Aristotle ever use a collective term (such as `mode') for ἐντελέχεια and δύναμις?
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How does time flow in presentism?

In Presentism, where only the present exists; the past and future do not - how then does time 'flow'? To 'flow' requires a motion; for example, in the standard physical presentation of a moving ...
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Is the Matrix Platonic or Aristotelian?

I recently watched the Matrix and I was wondering whether it depends on the philosophy put forth by Plato or by that put forth by Aristotle. I noticed there were several analogies to Plato's analogy ...
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Did Modernism “overturn” or “evolve out of” Aristotle?

It is often said that modern philosophy begins with a break from Aristotle, as developed by Galileo, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Locke, et al. Though the modernists struggled to "start from scratch," ...
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In what way is Socrates a primary substance?

In Aristotles logic (organon) he says: If I say that Socrates is a man, I have said what Socrates is, and signified a substance (ousia) There is some ambiguity here: Is he saying that Socrates ...
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131 views

Are variational principles/Heron's principle final causes?

[EDIT: My question can be refined to, how does Heron's account of the behavior of light fit into a classical causal account of nature? Especially, is his account a kind of natural locomotion in ...
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Confusion about Anaximander statement

I am a self taught Philosophy student, without any formal training in Philosophy. So, please bear with me if my question seems to be pretty basic or meaningless. In the book Looking at Philosophy by ...
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How is the Parmenidian “One” related to atomism?

Consider the classical conception of atoms in a vacuum in a box - the perfect gas; they collide and it this impulse of force that is their only interaction; and thus their dynamics; and this comes ...
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373 views

Are there necessary truths in physics, strictly - more or less speaking?

There are such things as a mathematical necessary truths: 1=1, say; and logically neccessary truths: the law of modus ponens, say. But can there be one in physics? In Lewises plural worlds where ...
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Aristotle Politics versus Platos Republic

The most famous political text from Antiquity is Platos Republic; one notices that this is a direct translation of the Latin De Republica; the orginal greek being Politeia. Aristotle too, wrote a ...
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Does Aristotle recognize the Modal scope fallacy in his rejection of the sea battle argument?

Modal fallacy deals with modal logic, a 20th century construct, as user @Virmaior comments in his comment to the question Who Invented the Modal Fallacy?. However, in discussing the sea battle ...
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Who first proposed the homogeneity of physical law?

Its taken as granted that physical law does not vary in space and time; everywhere and at everytime it is the same. When was this properly suggested? My first inclination would be Newtons physical ...
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Why is Aristotle's objection not considered a resolution to Zeno's paradox?

It seems to me, perhaps naïvely, that Aristotle resolved Zenos' famous paradoxes well, when he said that, Time is not composed of indivisible nows any more than any other magnitude is composed of ...
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What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

I just wanted to thank you all for your input! I used Epicurus and Maslow to support my position and refuted the opposing arguments based on the fact they couldn't possibly meet the Epicurian criteria ...
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Aristotelian ethicst definition of right action?

i was watching the Philosophy for Beginners by Marianne Talbot and in session 3 about ethics she was describing the idea of Aristotle about the right action and it say the right action is the act ...
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Did Aristotle discuss virginity?

Did Aristotle discuss virginity? If so, where? What did he say about it? If not, were there any Greek philosophers who did? I'm not only concerned in the biological aspect of virginity, but whether ...
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Why did Averroes have a limited impact on Islamic philosophy?

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), the famed Medieval Islamic commentator on the works of Aristotle, reknown as the Commentator in the Christian West, including in the Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas, had a ...
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105 views

Why is Being not a genus?

Aquinas wrote: Being is not a genus, since it is not predicated univocally, but analogically Genus is a term that is used in Aristotles Organon; as is predicate and I think univocal and analogy. ...
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Dualities and categories

Aristotle in the Metaphysics writes: Others of the same school declare that there are ten principles arranged into two parallel columns: Limit Unlimited Odd Even One ...
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Aristotle's thought on souls in Nicomachean Ethics

I have read such a passage in Nicomachean Ethics : Such a life would be too high for man; for it is not in so far as he is man that he will live so, but in so far as something divine is present in ...
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What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics BK IV. Chapter 4, he describes the virtue of smaller honours. He notes that the person can be either ambitious for smaller honours or balanced for them. I am curious ...
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Does “ens materiale” = “ens sensible”? If so, why?

As far as I know, Aristotelianism and Thomism state that a material being is always potentially sensible. For example, there are microorganisms that we cannot see with the naked eye. But if we use a ...
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How can “essentialism” ever make sense?

So, searching for J. L. Mackies "argument from queerness", I stumbled upon this blog entry. Now, Mr. Feser seems to be a quite... controversial figure, to say the least, but please let's resist the ...
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What is the difference between Aristotle and Locke's empiricism?

Both Aristotle and Locke are commonly viewed as empiricists. Indeed, both state roughly that "there is nothing in the intellect that is not first in the senses" and that "the mind is a blank slate". ...
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What is a predicate?

There is of course predicate as in predicate logic; but I'm asking about the notion in Aristotles Organon. Consider the proposition: Socrates is a man Man is a universal, Socrates is a ...