Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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considering the line and circle as not just a contrary, but as a extremes on a continuum

Question: In Greek philosophy, it is generally taken that the line and the circle form a contrary. For example in Aristoteles Physics generally takes that motion can be formed out of this contrary, ...
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Causality in physics and Aristotles classification of causality

Aristotle identified a four-fold classification of causality: Material cause, the material from whence a thing has come or that which persists while it changes, as for example, one's mother or the ...
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Is transubstantiation faithfully Aristotelian?

Transubstantiation is a concept that Roman Catholic scholastics, most notably Thomas Aquinas, developed for the doctrine of Communion. Catholics state that when a priest blesses the elements of bread ...
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Confusing name-dropping — Is Socrates known to have walked in a garden with his “pupils”?

Source: In an episode on education of the philosophical documentary The advantage of the doubt, which I displayed here (search for "documentary") for pedagogical consultation; Veerle Jochems (an ...
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What are the second order virtues?

Once the contemplative life Aristotle posits is best is attained do the cardinal virtues of Courage, Wisdom, Temperance, and Justice attain a second order of completeness based on the predominance of ...
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Love and hate as a single principle?

Amitie and Strife is a principle of motion in the temporal sphere according to Aristotle; theorised by Anaxagoras. Can one make it a single principle? After all, from common experience; one can love ...
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Who did Heidegger consider as the thinkers of Being in Antiquity?

Following this question; and in fact the answer by Ram T. I understand that Heidegger was interested in Heraclitus, and this by way of Holderlin; further, there are as far as I understand, a number ...
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What is the Being in Being qua Being?

Heidegger suggested that philosophy had forgotten being; and he proposed to recover this; or at least attempt its excavation. His question: Being qua Being - what is this about? What is the Being in ...
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Is Realism an Aristotelian middle term?

Plato declared art as the art of imitation; in drama, Aristotle distinguishes tragedy and satire as high and low forms respectively it presents the problem of life, in tragedy, better or higher, that ...
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What is the difference between Aristotle's theory of categories and Russell's theory of types?

A partial answer might come through an introduction. Well, we know that Russell's efforts to understand the contradictory appearance of the class of all classes not members of themselves (a notion ...
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When talking about philosophical realism, how do philosophers define objects and their forms?

Poorly versed in philosophical ideas, but I'm trying to get a grasp on some concepts discussed in The Last Superstition (2010), a polemical book on religion/theism by Edward Feser that an acquaintance ...
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39 views

Can Aristotles characterisation of courage be extended to include Paranoia and Euphoria

Aristotle in the Nichomaen Ethics works in triads; he has a triadic notion of courage, whose extremities are recklessness and cowardice. Thes are all natural notions of character. However, there are ...
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Why is it wrong to deduce determinism from a logical law?

In Aristotle's famous sea battle argument, he argues from bivalence (or something like it) to determinism. Stalnacker has an argument to determinism using standard logical laws, as well. My question ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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157 views

Why does Aristotle suggest One is not a number?

Parmenides showed Nothing is not the same as Zero; the second is a number, and the first is not, in more than one sense; it also differs from the Buddhist notion of Sunyatta, which is nothing in a ...
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42 views

What emotion corresponds to courage?

In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle outlines an axis for lache (courage); where one extreme is cowardice, and the other recklessness. One can associate the emotion of fear with cowardice, but what ...
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Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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What is the best order to read Aristotle in?

A question similar to this was asked, but mine is a little more specific. In any given writing of Aristotle I find concepts which it seems he explores in other places. Is there an order in which the ...
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We know substances by means of their accidents?

Where does Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas say we know substances by means of their accidents? For example: To know the substance of an apple, I first have to sense its quantity and qualities: shape, ...
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Would it be correct or incorrect to interpret Aristotle's view of Tragedy as a ritual?

My question relates specifically to the use of the Greek verb δρώντων part pl pres act masc gen attic epic doric aeolic contr in Poetics, 1449b-28 in which tragedy is defined, among other things ...
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Is Aristotle's Mean exactly in the middle?

Did Aristotle mean by 'Mean' exactly the middle between two extremes, or just some "sweet spot" that need not be the middle at all?
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Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
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Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [closed]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
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Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
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Did the early greek philosophers, including Plato and Aristotle make use of the Jewish scriptures just as much as writings from India and Egypt?

I'm a student of philosophy carefully reading through the Britannica Great Books series. In our homeschool discussions, occurring each Wednesday afternoon, I'm finding most of the questions ...
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226 views

How can there be order without intelligence to understand it?

Chicken or the Egg argument. TLDR update Is the ability to reason, which is required to understand our surrounding (as explained with science below), proof of reason existing prior to our own ...
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How did Aristotle or St. Thomas resolve the liar's paradox?

How did Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas (such as in one of his commentaries on Aristotle) resolve the liar's paradox?
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Aristotle- Is a focus on virtue beneficial for individuals and society? [closed]

Should we all be following Aristotle's ethics to have a good human life? Should we constantly exercise virtue? Is this good for individuals and society?
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Are infinities in physics (or in any other materalist philosophy) actually possible?

Aristotle made a distinction between infinities that were in potential (dunamis) and in actuality (energia); and stated that actual infinities did not obtain in the physical world. This is the basis ...
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Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways?

Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways? What do Aristotle and Plato think? It would seem that Aristotle thinks mathematics can be applied to physics in one way only because, ...
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120 views

How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
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For Aristotle, is definition a kind of “saying of”?

In Categories, Aristotle says that particulars can't be said of anything. But it seems possible to say of Socrates that he is the Athenian whose name is Socrates. Supposing there can be only one ...
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Is the categorical syllogistic a formal system?

I attended a recent presentation of a doctoral thesis in which the candidate described the categorical syllogistic as a formal system - making reference to Jan Łukasiewicz. The reasons given for ...
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How is 'medical' in 'medical man' and 'medical instrument' different?

I'm just looking at Aristole and homonymy. In Eudemian Ethics he gives the example of medical man, medical instrument and medical problem as exhibting homonymy. Anthony Kenny in A New History ...
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Don't waste your time with Aristotle

I plan on reading through some Aristotle, and I was wondering if there are any books by him that people consider a waste of time to read. I would like to read through everything eventually, but I ...
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Suggestions for critical writing

I was wondering if anyone had any tips for critiquing a philosophical work. I know this is a vast topic in itself, but I really want to start analyzing philosophical writings and engaging with the ...
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Understanding Aristotle's “Politics”

I'm having a difficult time understanding this passage: Last paragraph in part III of book 1, Further, the state is by nature clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the ...
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Aristotle's Syllogistic and Proofs by Contradiction

I'm just reading about Aristole's work on syllogism in Anthony Kenny's A New History of Philosophy book. I'm struggling to understand the tranformations between different forms of syllogisms. So ...
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Is trance music cathartic?

I've been thinking about catharsis (in the sense used in aesthetics) and I'm trying to feel out the edges of its accepted application. Trance music is often described using words such as "euphoric" ...
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Does entelechy have a contrary?

As I understand it, entelechy is a term that is associated with Aristotle who used it in the sense of the actualisation or complete realisation of an entity's potential. As far as we know, was ...
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Motion and contradiction

Zeno famously said an arrow cannot be in motion as it occupies some precise position at some precise time. And is thus at rest. Modern physics resolves this by stating the arrow has momentum. It is ...
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Is the world of Gods substance?

Supposing that God exists, supposing that nothing can be created out of nothing, then the world must be created out of God. That is the world is not apart from God. Famously Spinoza argues that the ...
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Aristotle's Wording Is Either Wrong Or Confusing

In Rhetoric, Book I, Part 6, Aristotle states: We may define a good thing as that which ought to be chosen for its own sake; or as that for the sake of which we choose something else; or as ...
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Is Aristotle referring to both Posterior Analytics and Prior Analytics when referring to simply “Analytics”?

In Book I, Part 2 of Aristotle's Rhetoric, Aristotle writes: With regard to the persuasion achieved by proof or apparent proof: just as in dialectic there is induction on the one hand and ...
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Does pure Place have Being?

According to Aristotelian physics A vacuum, or void, is a place free of everything, and Aristotle argued against the possibility. Void doesn't seem to be the Parmenidian Non-Being. It still ...
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What is Aristotle trying to say here?

I was reading Aristotle's Metaphysics, and I'm stumped on this passage: Yet the acquisition of it [wisdom, knowledge of first causes and principles] must in a sense end in something which is the ...
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What did Aristotle mean by λόγος in the phrase «ὁ…κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος»?

In the beginning of his Categories, Aristotle wrote, Ὁμώνυμα λέγεται ὧν ὄνομα μόνον κοινόν, ὁ δὲ κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος, οἷον ζῷον ὅ τε ἄνθρωπος καὶ τὸ γεγραμμένον τούτων γὰρ ὄνομα ...
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Who is a virtuous agent in virtue ethics?

Who exactly is a virtuous agent? I know a virtuous agent, at least in Aristole's view, is one that acts accordance with reason. But is this agent myself or someone I know or someone I look up to or ...
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What properties can Void have?

Parmenides suggested that void being the lack of being cannot be and cannot be theorised, from his On Nature: Come now, I will tell thee - and do thou hearken to my saying and carry it away - the ...
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Is contemporary advertising a form of Rhetorics?

The definition that Aristotle gives of Rhetoric makes me think that it could also include contemporary advertising. The definition of Rhetoric is the following: Rhetoric may be defined as the ...