Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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Are variational principles final causes?

Much of modern physics can be written in terms of so-called variational principles. One common example is Fermat's principle of least time: out of all the ways that light could get from A to B, it ...
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Confusion about Anaximander statement

I am a self taught Philosophy student, without any formal training in Philosophy. So, please bear with me if my question seems to be pretty basic or meaningless. In the book Looking at Philosophy by ...
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Is Aristotles 'principle of motion' a signifier of classical physics

Aristotle in his Physics suggested that change always requires a changer. One can see that this holds in classical mechanics; and also in SR and GR both being classical theories; but does it hold in ...
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On the Parmenidian One and the Perfect Gas

Consider the classical conception of atoms in a vacuum in a box - the perfect gas; they collide and it this impulse of force that is their only interaction; and thus their dynamics; and this comes ...
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Are there necessary truths in physics, strictly - more or less speaking?

There are such things as a mathematical necessary truths: 1=1, say; and logically neccessary truths: the law of modus ponens, say. But can there be one in physics? In Lewises plural worlds where ...
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Aristotle Politics versus Platos Republic

The most famous political text from Antiquity is Platos Republic; one notices that this is a direct translation of the Latin De Republica; the orginal greek being Politeia. Aristotle too, wrote a ...
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Does Aristotle recognize the Modal scope fallacy in his rejection of the sea battle argument?

Modal fallacy deals with modal logic, a 20th century construct, as user @Virmaior comments in his comment to the question Who Invented the Modal Fallacy?. However, in discussing the sea battle ...
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On the homogeneity of physical law

Its taken as granted that physical law does not vary in space and time; everywhere and at everytime it is the same. When was this properly suggested? My first inclination would be Newtons physical ...
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Aristotle's objection to Zeno's paradox

It seems to me, perhaps naïvely, that Aristotle resolved Zenos' famous paradoxes well, when he said that, Time is not composed of indivisible nows any more than any other magnitude is composed of ...
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What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

I just wanted to thank you all for your input! I used Epicurus and Maslow to support my position and refuted the opposing arguments based on the fact they couldn't possibly meet the Epicurian criteria ...
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Aristotelian ethicst definition of right action?

i was watching the Philosophy for Beginners by Marianne Talbot and in session 3 about ethics she was describing the idea of Aristotle about the right action and it say the right action is the act ...
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Did Aristotle discuss virginity?

Did Aristotle discuss virginity? If so, where? What did he say about it? If not, were there any Greek philosophers who did? I'm not only concerned in the biological aspect of virginity, but whether ...
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Why did Averroes have a limited impact on Islamic philosophy?

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), the famed Medieval Islamic commentator on the works of Aristotle, reknown as the Commentator in the Christian West, including in the Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas, had a ...
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Why is Being not a genus?

Aquinas wrote: Being is not a genus, since it is not predicated univocally, but analogically Genus is a term that is used in Aristotles Organon; as is predicate and I think univocal and analogy. ...
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Dualities and categories

Aristotle in the Metaphysics writes: Others of the same school declare that there are ten principles arranged into two parallel columns: Limit Unlimited Odd Even One ...
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Aristotle's thought on souls in Nicomachean Ethics

I have read such a passage in Nicomachean Ethics : Such a life would be too high for man; for it is not in so far as he is man that he will live so, but in so far as something divine is present in ...
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What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics BK IV. Chapter 4, he describes the virtue of smaller honours. He notes that the person can be either ambitious for smaller honours or balanced for them. I am curious ...
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Does “ens materiale” = “ens sensible”? If so, why?

As far as I know, Aristotelianism and Thomism state that a material being is always potentially sensible. For example, there are microorganisms that we cannot see with the naked eye. But if we use a ...
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How can “essentialism” ever make sense?

So, searching for J. L. Mackies "argument from queerness", I stumbled upon this blog entry. Now, Mr. Feser seems to be a quite... controversial figure, to say the least, but please let's resist the ...
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What is the difference between Aristotle and Locke's empiricism?

Both Aristotle and Locke are commonly viewed as empiricists. Indeed, both state roughly that "there is nothing in the intellect that is not first in the senses" and that "the mind is a blank slate". ...
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What is a predicate?

There is of course predicate as in predicate logic; but I'm asking about the notion in Aristotles Organon. Consider the proposition: Socrates is a man Man is a universal, Socrates is a ...
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How is soul-body hylomorphism different from property dualism?

From the SEP, regarding soul-body hylomorphism "The soul bears the same relation to the body which the shape of a statue bears to its material basis,", as well as other definitions (e.g. wikipedia), ...
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Factors causing entelechia not to realize

Is there a term in Aristotle's work for the factors that cause entelechia not to realize? Does he address these somewhere? I mean, bodies work in certain energeia and can be interrupted from ...
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Please clarify Aristotle's 'material' vs 'formal' aitia?

Foreword: I was introduced to Aristotle's 4 causes at the 2 min 32 s juncture, Lecture 1-5 (transcription), Think Again: How to Reason and Argue, by Prof Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is ...
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Why is Russell so critical of Aristotle?

In A History of Western Philosophy, Russell argues: I conclude that the Aristotelian doctrines with which we have been concerned in this chapter are wholly false, with the exception of the ...
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How can teleological explanations not fit with modern science?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 09: "ARGUING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION 52:21: We grew up and and we’re talked out of this way thinking about the world. 52:30: But here's a question: ...
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Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
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How can one justify Newton's third law?

In one sense it is justified by the overall success if Newtonian Mechanics; still, one can ask are there arguments that can justify it from other principles; ie principle that are * a priori* in ...
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Are there differences between Kants Categories and Aristotles?

Kant uses his philosophy to reconstruct Aristotles Categories; these enumerate all possible things that can be the predicate or the subject of a proposition. Other than the reconstruction, are there ...
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considering the line and circle as not just a contrary, but as a extremes on a continuum

Question: In Greek philosophy, it is generally taken that the line and the circle form a contrary. For example in Aristoteles Physics generally takes that motion can be formed out of this contrary, ...
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Causality in physics and Aristotles classification of causality

Aristotle identified a four-fold classification of causality: Material cause, the material from whence a thing has come or that which persists while it changes, as for example, one's mother or the ...
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Is transubstantiation faithfully Aristotelian?

Transubstantiation is a concept that Roman Catholic scholastics, most notably Thomas Aquinas, developed for the doctrine of Communion. Catholics state that when a priest blesses the elements of bread ...
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Confusing name-dropping — Is Socrates known to have walked in a garden with his “pupils”?

Source: In an episode on education of the philosophical documentary The advantage of the doubt, which I displayed here (search for "documentary") for pedagogical consultation; Veerle Jochems (an ...
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What are the second order virtues?

Once the contemplative life Aristotle posits is best is attained do the cardinal virtues of Courage, Wisdom, Temperance, and Justice attain a second order of completeness based on the predominance of ...
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Love and hate as a single principle?

Amitie and Strife is a principle of motion in the temporal sphere according to Aristotle; theorised by Anaxagoras. Can one make it a single principle? After all, from common experience; one can love ...
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Who did Heidegger consider as the thinkers of Being in Antiquity?

Following this question; and in fact the answer by Ram T. I understand that Heidegger was interested in Heraclitus, and this by way of Holderlin; further, there are as far as I understand, a number ...
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What is the Being in Being qua Being?

Heidegger suggested that philosophy had forgotten being; and he proposed to recover this; or at least attempt its excavation. His question: Being qua Being - what is this about? What is the Being in ...
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Is Realism an Aristotelian middle term?

Plato declared art as the art of imitation; in drama, Aristotle distinguishes tragedy and satire as high and low forms respectively it presents the problem of life, in tragedy, better or higher, that ...
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What is the difference between Aristotle's theory of categories and Russell's theory of types?

A partial answer might come through an introduction. Well, we know that Russell's efforts to understand the contradictory appearance of the class of all classes not members of themselves (a notion ...
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When talking about philosophical realism, how do philosophers define objects and their forms?

Poorly versed in philosophical ideas, but I'm trying to get a grasp on some concepts discussed in The Last Superstition (2010), a polemical book on religion/theism by Edward Feser that an acquaintance ...
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Can Aristotles characterisation of courage be extended to include Paranoia and Euphoria

Aristotle in the Nichomaen Ethics works in triads; he has a triadic notion of courage, whose extremities are recklessness and cowardice. Thes are all natural notions of character. However, there are ...
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Why is it wrong to deduce determinism from a logical law?

In Aristotle's famous sea battle argument, he argues from bivalence (or something like it) to determinism. Stalnacker has an argument to determinism using standard logical laws, as well. My question ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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Why does Aristotle suggest One is not a number?

Parmenides showed Nothing is not the same as Zero; the second is a number, and the first is not, in more than one sense; it also differs from the Buddhist notion of Sunyatta, which is nothing in a ...
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What emotion corresponds to courage?

In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle outlines an axis for lache (courage); where one extreme is cowardice, and the other recklessness. One can associate the emotion of fear with cowardice, but what ...
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Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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What is the best order to read Aristotle in?

A question similar to this was asked, but mine is a little more specific. In any given writing of Aristotle I find concepts which it seems he explores in other places. Is there an order in which the ...
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We know substances by means of their accidents?

Where does Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas say we know substances by means of their accidents? For example: To know the substance of an apple, I first have to sense its quantity and qualities: shape, ...
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Would it be correct or incorrect to interpret Aristotle's view of Tragedy as a ritual?

My question relates specifically to the use of the Greek verb δρώντων part pl pres act masc gen attic epic doric aeolic contr in Poetics, 1449b-28 in which tragedy is defined, among other things ...
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Is Aristotle's Mean exactly in the middle?

Did Aristotle mean by 'Mean' exactly the middle between two extremes, or just some "sweet spot" that need not be the middle at all?