Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

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Is trance music cathartic?

I've been thinking about catharsis (in the sense used in aesthetics) and I'm trying to feel out the edges of its accepted application. Trance music is often described using words such as "euphoric" ...
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42 views

Does entelechy have a contrary?

As I understand it, entelechy is a term that is associated with Aristotle who used it in the sense of the actualisation or complete realisation of an entity's potential. As far as we know, was ...
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Motion and contradiction

Zeno famously said an arrow cannot be in motion as it occupies some precise position at some precise time. And is thus at rest. Modern physics resolves this by stating the arrow has momentum. It is ...
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67 views

Is the world of Gods substance?

Supposing that God exists, supposing that nothing can be created out of nothing, then the world must be created out of God. That is the world is not apart from God. Famously Spinoza argues that the ...
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Aristotle's Wording Is Either Wrong Or Confusing

In Rhetoric, Book I, Part 6, Aristotle states: We may define a good thing as that which ought to be chosen for its own sake; or as that for the sake of which we choose something else; or as ...
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30 views

Is Aristotle referring to both Posterior Analytics and Prior Analytics when referring to simply “Analytics”?

In Book I, Part 2 of Aristotle's Rhetoric, Aristotle writes: With regard to the persuasion achieved by proof or apparent proof: just as in dialectic there is induction on the one hand and ...
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Does pure Place have Being?

According to Aristotelian physics A vacuum, or void, is a place free of everything, and Aristotle argued against the possibility. Void doesn't seem to be the Parmenidian Non-Being. It still ...
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57 views

What is Aristotle trying to say here?

I was reading Aristotle's Metaphysics, and I'm stumped on this passage: Yet the acquisition of it [wisdom, knowledge of first causes and principles] must in a sense end in something which is the ...
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85 views

What did Aristotle mean by λόγος in the phrase «ὁ…κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος»?

In the beginning of his Categories, Aristotle wrote, Ὁμώνυμα λέγεται ὧν ὄνομα μόνον κοινόν, ὁ δὲ κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος, οἷον ζῷον ὅ τε ἄνθρωπος καὶ τὸ γεγραμμένον τούτων γὰρ ὄνομα ...
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108 views

Who is a virtuous agent in virtue ethics?

Who exactly is a virtuous agent? I know a virtuous agent, at least in Aristole's view, is one that acts accordance with reason. But is this agent myself or someone I know or someone I look up to or ...
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82 views

What properties can Void have?

Parmenides suggested that void being the lack of being cannot be and cannot be theorised, from his On Nature: Come now, I will tell thee - and do thou hearken to my saying and carry it away - the ...
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170 views

Is contemporary advertising a form of Rhetorics?

The definition that Aristotle gives of Rhetoric makes me think that it could also include contemporary advertising. The definition of Rhetoric is the following: Rhetoric may be defined as the ...
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45 views

Did Aristotle write or comment on any mystical or esoteric doctrines?

It's quite clear that Plato in some of his later dialogues tended towards mysticism - for example his cosmology in the Timaeus. Did Aristotle, do anything similar?
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88 views

Is there a possible world in which the secondary attributes of our world become primary?

After Aristotles wrote on substance, a theory developed about the attributes that could inhere in a substance - they were distinguished between primary & secondary. For example colour is a ...
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77 views

What is the most credible picture of Plato's Academy in Plato's time?

I assume there actually was an Academy set up by Plato and not taken over by him and made famous. In the paintings I've seen of it - admittedly done in the Renaissance -, it looks rather grand, like ...
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151 views

Was Gödel the first person to bring up that truth always exceeds the grasp of proof?

Was Gödel the first person to pose and solve this question in mathematics? In the larger philosophical debate, has this question been posed before? Say by Plato or Aristotle? One could interpret for ...
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241 views

Fire, Air, Water, Earth

Aristotle considered the earth to be composed of the elements Fire, Air, Water, Earth. Should this system be totally disregarded or does it offer some advantage over modern science's system?
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38 views

In the following is Hobbes paraphrasing Aristotle?

In Hobbes Leviathan, chapter II: The imagination he writes: That when a thing lies still, unless somewhat else stirs it, it will lie still forever, is a truth no man doubts of. But that when a thing ...
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139 views

Is there a difference between inconsistent and contrary?

Is there a difference between 'inconsistent' and 'contrary'? As far as I understand two statements are inconsistent when they can not both be true. Does 'contrary' have the same definition? As far as ...
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96 views

How is the idea of an explosion represented in a purely Aristotelian physics?

Given the need to explain an explosion of a flour mill, assuming a purely Aristotelian paradigm, what concepts could be used to explain the mill's destruction? This question is to help more ...
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269 views

What is the most accurate translation of “Eudaimonia”?

I am taking an introduction course to philosophy at my university. And the professors are translating "Eudaimonia" to "A happy life", or "A good life", used "Living a good/happy life". My course is in ...
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162 views

Aristotle on the actuality of the soul - problem understanding 'de anima'

In Aristotle's de anima passage 413a - 5 it is said that the actuality of some parts of the soul is the actuality of the parts of the body This is supposed to argue that soul is not separable ...
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2k views

What kind of government did Aristotle consider the best?

If Aristotle was opposed to democracy as an ideal form of government, what kind of government did he consider the best?
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Is infinite regress of logical causation possible? Is infinite regress of logical causation necessary?

For a number of reasons — including perhaps a desire to feel that we have a complete understanding of where we came from, or at least an understanding which is completely sufficient for all of ...
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454 views

Can there be an infinite chain of causes/effects? [duplicate]

One of Aristotle's premises for proving that God exists is that there cannot be an infinite chain of causes and effects, hence there must be one cause which had no previous cause (i.e. God). Does ...
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82 views

Is there a philosophical antecedent to the physical idea of waves in media?

In Physics there are two large themes in conceptualising the world - atoms & waves. I'm familiar with the work of the greek atomists, is there a philosophical precursor to waves? From what I've ...
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Aristotle's arguments pro monarchy

I'm writing an article on what would be the best government type (monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, ...). In this article I'd like to explain the basic arguments pro and contra the different types. I ...
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428 views

Categorical propositions and individuals in Aristotelian term logic

If I understand the Stanford Encyclopedia article on the subject, there are two types of terms used in syllogistic propositions, the universal and the individual, and only universal terms can serve as ...
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108 views

Are books a threat to memory and reasoning?

I've heard that an ancient philosopher (probably Aristotle) feared that the apparition of books was a threat to human memory and thus on reasoning capability. Is the assertion valid? What was the ...
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92 views

How can categories be derived deductively?

In a book on Aristotle's metaphysics I read a passage on the differences between his and Kant's categories. It says that the concept of categories, in both Aristotle's and Kant's case, wasn't ...
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880 views

Briefly describe Aristotle's ethical theory? [closed]

Simply include 2-3 main points about the theory.
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96 views

Did anyone in Zeno time, use the idea of discrete space/time to propose a solution to his paradoxes?

Zeno famously stated a number of paradoxes of space, time & motion to argue for parmenides unity & changelessness of being. Infinite divisiblity of space & time seemed to be a commonly ...
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130 views

Which other philosophers other than Aristotle have discussed the continuum?

Aristotle claimed that the continuum, that is say a line, is not solely composed of points. Modern mathematics would agree, they additionally impose a topology to achieve cohesion. Have their been ...
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257 views

Why did Aristotle place the earth at the centre of an infinite universe?

A moments thought shows there can be no centre of an infinite expanse of space, it has no geometrical sense. When Aristotle places the Earth at the centre, he can surely only mean that its the ...
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222 views

How do we construe ‘holding his breath for several days’ & understand the suicide of Diogenes? [closed]

Diogenes Laërtius says of Diogenes of Sinope ‘others, of whom Cercidas, a Megalopolitan or Cretan, is one, say that he died of holding his breath for several days’ in the midst of a bundle of accounts ...
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438 views

Hobbes, a natural law theorist?

I would like to hear some opinions on a question I am asking myself due to contradictions in the references of my term paper. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy states: "Aquinas was not the ...
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627 views

Is there a difference between the concepts of reality and existence in Aristotle's philosophy?

I'm reading a book on the history of philosophy and the author makes use of the word real-reality-really in such a way that is a bit confusing for me. For example: Aristotle's knowledge theory ...
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101 views

Why did it take so long for Aristotelianism to gain acceptance?

According to Wikipedia, Aristotle lived in the fourth century BC and is one of the most influential figures in Western philosophy. The famous philosophers that deal with Aristotelianism that I am ...
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176 views

Summary of Callicles and Thrasymachus's arguments regarding injustice

I find somewhat odd to find out that there does not seem to exist concise summary or review of Callicles and Thrasymachus's arguments for supporting injustice, so I ask this question: what would be ...
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623 views

Why was Socratic epistemology diminished?

My question is a follow-up from reading this answer; "Roughly speaking, Socrates believed truth could not be discovered with certainty, Plato believed that truth could only be known via ...
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216 views

What is the “New Essentialism”?

Is the "New Essentialism" simply a return to Aristotelianism masked in new terminology, or is it a novel contribution to modern philosophy? See: Brian Ellis's Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the ...
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212 views

Where does Aristotle's Posterior Analytics disagree with modern philosophy of science?

Aristotle's Posterior Analytics is the basis of the modern scientific method of arguing from effects to the causes of things ("demonstration quia" or "a posteriori"). The ideal [of a unified ...
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928 views

What is the best order to read Aristotle's thought?

Even though there is no strict chronology of Aristotle's writings, what is the best order to read him if one wants to become acquainted with overall philosophical project. I read somewhere that ...
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Aristotle and the Eternity of the Universe

In the Middle Ages, Aristotle's belief that the world was eternal posed a major theological challenge for the many people who held a religious belief in Creation. Moses Maimonides, in his Guide for ...
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940 views

Why does Nietzsche say in the Antichrist that Aristotle “saw in pity a sickly and dangerous state of mind?”

In The Antichrist, Nietzsche starts with a very heavy attack on the emotion of pity, making statements like: Pity stands in opposition to all the tonic passions that augment the energy of the ...
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564 views

Did Plato's and Aristotle's backgrounds strongly influence their philosophies?

Plato usually tried to solve philosophical problems using a schematic approach. Probably one of the best examples of this is the tripartite system, which he applies both to the human soul (psyché) and ...
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237 views

What philosophical reason did Al-Jahiz give for preferring Aristotle to the Qur'an?

Al-Jahiz is one of the philosophical superstars of Arab literature. Not only did he write an enormous number of books, but his output was remarkably diverse. Besides a great number of satires, he ...
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207 views

Where does Aristotle mention Aesop's fables?

I have read most of Aesop's fables. (I liked some of them, though for more of the same with twice the punch, I prefer Sa'di's Gulistan.) I have read the Poetics from cover to cover, but I don't ...
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113 views

Which work by Aristotle features the most references to Euclidean geometry?

I have dipped into the Metaphysics pretty extensively, and I know that he uses a number of fascinating methods for decomposing arguments in that book. No wonder St. Thomas Aquinas read it while he was ...
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117 views

Should a philosopher's bigotry affect the interpretation of their work?

Aristotle is generally considered a genius of towering stature and the depth and breadth of his work are testament to this; however, by most accounts, and despite being progressive in many ways, he ...