Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or ...

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Is consciousness the base definition of living?

Humanity is at the advent of making self-aware and hence conscious Artificial Intelligence. What is the limit when we stop calling these "Artificial"? When does a machine take the title of "Living"? ...
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What sort of things might a higher level of consciousness be capable of?

While the nature of consciousness itself is still unclear, the products of consciousness are quite evident. A few of the perks of human level consciousness include: The capacity for complex ...
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How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
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Would it be ethical to make a bot that would answer stack exchange questions?

Lets say the bot would be markov chain based and trained on the answers given previously on that tag. Would the answer to this question be different if it was based on neural networks? Would this ...
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130 views

Philosophical Implications of Connectionism and Pattern Recognition

As a machine learning researcher and amateur philosopher, I'm interested in the current status of the debate between the symbolic AI and connectionism\pattern-recognition schools from the perspective ...
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62 views

Is having children immoral? (Hypothetical from an AI's view point) [closed]

Before we begin - an obvious disclaimer. I do not think that parenthood is inherently immoral in real life. It's just an argument I recently thought up in a story featuring an AI fanatic and cannot ...
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117 views

Can we recognize the existence of a Strong AI after it is created?

It is, of course, debatable whether a Strong AI even can exist. After all, philosophical arguments about the Chinese Room and Philosophical Zombies abound. However, it is possible to imagine a world ...
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20 views

Nonreductionist supervenience

I'm currently reading Kim's The Mind-Body Problem after Fifty Years which tries to summarise how the MB problem has evolved and been approached the past few decades. One of the very important terms ...
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177 views

Is the simulation of emotional states equivalent to actually experiencing emotions?

According to the 'Mario Lives!' video, researchers have been able to develop an AI unit that is able to experience emotional states, such as greed, hunger, and curiosity. If the AI is currently ...
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Can Mind-Body Functionalism be true yet General Artificial Intelligence still be impossible?

In this lecture Hilary Putnam says the following: Mind-body Functionalism is true. In fact not only is it true, but it makes ontological questions of philosophy of mind mostly irrelevant. The laws ...
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174 views

How does human intelligence differ from Searle's chinese room?

The Chinese Room argument attempts to prove that a computer, no matter how powerful, cannot achieve consciousness. Brief summary: Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in ...
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432 views

How can one refute John Searle's “syntax is not semantics” argument against strong AI?

There are many refutations of John Searle's Chinese Room argument against Strong AI. But they seem to be addressing the structure of the thought experiment itself, as opposed to the underlying ...
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130 views

Free Will and Intelligence

What is the relation between free will and intelligence. I'll identify free will with conscious mind and wonder what their relation is. Obviously there is free will without intelligence. Just have a ...
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917 views

Is our idea of Artificial Intelligence incorrect?

IBM Watson's first incarnation was to be a competitive opponent on the show Jeopardy, where it was able to interpret the semantics of the questions with impressive accuracy, and find relevant answers. ...
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614 views

On the difference between “knowing” and “understanding”?

Intuitively, there is a clear difference between knowing something and understanding something. We speak of someone 'getting' or 'internalizing' a concept, of developing a 'gut feeling' for something, ...
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210 views

Does “technological unemployment” violate the second law of thermodynamics?

Marx claimed that machines cannot "produce surplus value" but only redistribute labor and provide individual firms with a temporary market advantage. Nonetheless, many thinkers across the spectrum ...
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63 views

What fallacy assumes that being familiar with something makes one an expert on it?

In the article Why We Shouldn't Fear Artificial Intelligence, the author writes:"A common fallacy suggests that, because AI are hosted on computers, they’ll be good at manipulating them. But let me ...
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57 views

Is Elohim a person in “The Talos principle”?

Im not sure whether to put this here or on Arqade SE, but since the game is very philosophical, I post it here. In the game "The Talos Principle", humanity has gone extinct a very long time ago. In ...
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126 views

Why do rational beings care about the dead?

Anthropologists tell us that home sapiens are concerned about "others," even after they die. In settled (as opposed to nomadic) societies this concern seems to catalyze beliefs, rituals, and ...
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405 views

Can Turing machine implement an inconsistent formal system?

In "Raatikainen, P., 2005, “On the Philosophical Relevance of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems,” , the author argues that Penrose's and others use of Gödel's theorem as an argument against mechanism (...
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119 views

Would a conscious A.I. be subject to basic human rights? [open argument] [closed]

If hypothetically someone were to create an artificial intelligence possessing systemic consciousness nearby that of humans, then would that separate entity be entitled to basic rights such as those ...
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398 views

Do machine learning algorithms have knowledge?

By "machine learning algorithm" I'm referring to basic, primarily statistical, machine learning algorithms; for concrete examples consider simple classifier algorithms like SVM or Bayesian classifier ...
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2answers
228 views

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed?

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed and/or what algorithm is being executed? In general, a process can be viewed at different levels of abstraction. So, for ...
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157 views

what ethical rules must developers of AI adhere to for humane reasons?

As developers and neurologists advance their studies of intelligence, artificially intelligent software will be pursued. This may result in virtual entities which feel, think, and exist in a different ...
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101 views

Is self-improving artifical inteligence really unlimited? [closed]

In complex enviroment, better inteligence gives you better chance to survive. But complexity of every real-world environment is finite. Assume that more inteligence need more computing power, more ...
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219 views

Does this reasoning refute John Searle's Chinese Room argument?

I'm a programmer interested in the development of artificial intelligence. I just read about the Chinese Room argument by John Searle, and would like to know if my reasoning successfully refutes his ...
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124 views

On the personal identity of a self aware artificial intelligence

Philosophers have discussed the question of personal identity of humans, including humans uploaded to hypothetical computers; but are there any notable discussions of the problems of personal identity ...
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38 views

What are the differences between mind model and other models?

What are the main differences between mind model and any other models such as conceptual models and ... ? As far as I know these are some major differences: 1-mind models are dynamic whereas ...
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Introductory books on epistemology for someone interested in artificial intelligence

It was suggested to me, as someone who is interested in going into the field of AGI (artificial general intelligence) that I read up on epistemology (a field in which I am rather unfamiliar). Are ...
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38 views

Why are philosophy of AI and neurophilosophy separate disciplines and not just topics in the philosophy of mind?

I was reading Paul Churchland's bio and he was described as a neurophilosopher. Moreover, "Neurophilosophy" seems to be used interchangeably with "philosophy of neuroscience" in some places, but the ...
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Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
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142 views

Do compatibilists consider robots to have freewill?

Compatibilism is the position that freewill and physical determinism are compatible. This is in opposition to the idea that since everything has a cause, any act or decision a person takes has ...
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1answer
115 views

Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
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133 views

What did John Searle mean by these self-contradictory statements?

In his 1980 article “Minds, Brains and Programs” John Searle wrote: ” Of course the brain is a digital computer. Since everything is a digital computer, brains are too. The point ...
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93 views

Artificial minds with psychological problems?

A somewhat playful question, with possibly serious implications. Imagine that some sort of artificial sentient organism was developed, whose kind could function in a human society as if they were ...
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256 views

How does GEB support AI?

Typically, Godel's Incompleteness theorems have been used to argue against the possibility that the human mind is essentially equivalent to a formal system. However, in Daniel Dennett's book "Darwin's ...
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331 views

Is Artificial Intelligence an Oxymoron?

Is Artificial intelligence an oxymoron? One can not 'fake' great intelligence except if like a con-artist one say's all sorts of things that 'sound' intelligent without saying anything. An actor ...
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3answers
153 views

What is the general relationship between Intelligence and Information?

I will take the definition of "information" used in the field of Information Theory, which according to my understanding of Information Theory, information is the loss of uncertainty(e.g. while a coin ...
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Does claiming that strong AI is impossible imply a belief in substance dualism?

I was reading an article by J Mark Bishop "The danger of artificial stupidity" on ScientaSalon, where he quotes his own research, John Searle and Hilary Putnam, among others, as proof of the ...
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51 views

Would creating a mind designed to feel free while achieving the wants of its creator be unethical?

I'm interested in working on an artificial intelligence with the feeling of "free will". Like us, its "free will" will be confined to the form and features of its mind/brain design. The reason that ...
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188 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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389 views

Does artificial intelligence necessarily mean a system can somehow “freely” vary its own behaviour?

If an artificial intelligence system existed in a robot and it was able to constantly reprogram and reconfigure itself in any way without disrupting its necessary functions, and without even partly ...
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Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [closed]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
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210 views

Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just philosophical ...
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188 views

Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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544 views

Could a machine or an AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions?

The question of "Could a machine/AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions"? arises in movies such as Bladerunner, IRobot, Star Trek and A.I among others. What is the philosophical arguement behind why ...
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173 views

Thought experiment: Argument whose life is more valuable organic or mechanical? [closed]

Let's consider the following scenario: There is a really important mission consisting of a team of two individuals: a sentient, artificially intelligent robot and a human. If the mission fails, ...
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6answers
380 views

Can Elon Musk & Stephen Hawking's Evil Robot theory be opposed by a loving robot theory?

CNBC recently released an article discussing how Elon Musk & Stephen Hawking fear the machine and the capabilities of AI in robots. The fear is that the robots will evolve to re-code themselves ...
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Are programmers evidence Artificial Intelligence is impossible?

While not a logical proof, this appears to be a practical disproof of AI. If it were possible to replace programmers, with all the brainpower and sheer quantities of money directed at computer ...
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Are there any physicalist arguments against strong AI?

Are there any arguments against strong AI in principle, given physicalism? Are there any arguments against strong AI in practice, given physicalism? Basically, I want to be aware of any potential ...