Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or ...

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How can one refute John Searle's “syntax is not semantics” argument against strong AI?

There are many refutations of John Searle's Chinese Room argument against Strong AI. But they seem to be addressing the structure of the thought experiment itself, as opposed to the underlying ...
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3answers
123 views

Free Will and Intelligence

What is the relation between free will and intelligence. I'll identify free will with conscious mind and wonder what their relation is. Obviously there is free will without intelligence. Just have a ...
6
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6answers
909 views

Is our idea of Artificial Intelligence incorrect?

IBM Watson's first incarnation was to be a competitive opponent on the show Jeopardy, where it was able to interpret the semantics of the questions with impressive accuracy, and find relevant answers. ...
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6answers
542 views

On the difference between “knowing” and “understanding”?

Intuitively, there is a clear difference between knowing something and understanding something. We speak of someone 'getting' or 'internalizing' a concept, of developing a 'gut feeling' for something, ...
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4answers
208 views

Does “technological unemployment” violate the second law of thermodynamics?

Marx claimed that machines cannot "produce surplus value" but only redistribute labor and provide individual firms with a temporary market advantage. Nonetheless, many thinkers across the spectrum ...
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1answer
62 views

What fallacy assumes that being familiar with something makes one an expert on it?

In the article Why We Shouldn't Fear Artificial Intelligence, the author writes:"A common fallacy suggests that, because AI are hosted on computers, they’ll be good at manipulating them. But let me ...
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1answer
50 views

Is Elohim a person in “The Talos principle”?

Im not sure whether to put this here or on Arqade SE, but since the game is very philosophical, I post it here. In the game "The Talos Principle", humanity has gone extinct a very long time ago. In ...
2
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3answers
126 views

Why do rational beings care about the dead?

Anthropologists tell us that home sapiens are concerned about "others," even after they die. In settled (as opposed to nomadic) societies this concern seems to catalyze beliefs, rituals, and ...
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5answers
372 views

Can Turing machine implement an inconsistent formal system?

In "Raatikainen, P., 2005, “On the Philosophical Relevance of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems,” , the author argues that Penrose's and others use of Gödel's theorem as an argument against mechanism ...
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3answers
116 views

Would a conscious A.I. be subject to basic human rights? [open argument] [closed]

If hypothetically someone were to create an artificial intelligence possessing systemic consciousness nearby that of humans, then would that separate entity be entitled to basic rights such as those ...
9
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3answers
367 views

Do machine learning algorithms have knowledge?

By "machine learning algorithm" I'm referring to basic, primarily statistical, machine learning algorithms; for concrete examples consider simple classifier algorithms like SVM or Bayesian classifier ...
3
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2answers
228 views

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed?

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed and/or what algorithm is being executed? In general, a process can be viewed at different levels of abstraction. So, for ...
2
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4answers
156 views

what ethical rules must developers of AI adhere to for humane reasons?

As developers and neurologists advance their studies of intelligence, artificially intelligent software will be pursued. This may result in virtual entities which feel, think, and exist in a different ...
2
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2answers
97 views

Is self-improving artifical inteligence really unlimited? [closed]

In complex enviroment, better inteligence gives you better chance to survive. But complexity of every real-world environment is finite. Assume that more inteligence need more computing power, more ...
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2answers
210 views

Does this reasoning refute John Searle's Chinese Room argument?

I'm a programmer interested in the development of artificial intelligence. I just read about the Chinese Room argument by John Searle, and would like to know if my reasoning successfully refutes his ...
3
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1answer
118 views

On the personal identity of a self aware artificial intelligence

Philosophers have discussed the question of personal identity of humans, including humans uploaded to hypothetical computers; but are there any notable discussions of the problems of personal identity ...
0
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0answers
38 views

What are the differences between mind model and other models?

What are the main differences between mind model and any other models such as conceptual models and ... ? As far as I know these are some major differences: 1-mind models are dynamic whereas ...
2
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2answers
55 views

Introductory books on epistemology for someone interested in artificial intelligence

It was suggested to me, as someone who is interested in going into the field of AGI (artificial general intelligence) that I read up on epistemology (a field in which I am rather unfamiliar). Are ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Why are philosophy of AI and neurophilosophy separate disciplines and not just topics in the philosophy of mind?

I was reading Paul Churchland's bio and he was described as a neurophilosopher. Moreover, "Neurophilosophy" seems to be used interchangeably with "philosophy of neuroscience" in some places, but the ...
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6answers
1k views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
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2answers
138 views

Do compatibilists consider robots to have freewill?

Compatibilism is the position that freewill and physical determinism are compatible. This is in opposition to the idea that since everything has a cause, any act or decision a person takes has ...
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1answer
112 views

Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

What did John Searle mean by these self-contradictory statements?

In his 1980 article “Minds, Brains and Programs” John Searle wrote: ” Of course the brain is a digital computer. Since everything is a digital computer, brains are too. The point ...
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4answers
93 views

Artificial minds with psychological problems?

A somewhat playful question, with possibly serious implications. Imagine that some sort of artificial sentient organism was developed, whose kind could function in a human society as if they were ...
5
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2answers
252 views

How does GEB support AI?

Typically, Godel's Incompleteness theorems have been used to argue against the possibility that the human mind is essentially equivalent to a formal system. However, in Daniel Dennett's book "Darwin's ...
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4answers
321 views

Is Artificial Intelligence an Oxymoron?

Is Artificial intelligence an oxymoron? One can not 'fake' great intelligence except if like a con-artist one say's all sorts of things that 'sound' intelligent without saying anything. An actor ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

What is the general relationship between Intelligence and Information?

I will take the definition of "information" used in the field of Information Theory, which according to my understanding of Information Theory, information is the loss of uncertainty(e.g. while a coin ...
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8answers
1k views

Does claiming that strong AI is impossible imply a belief in substance dualism?

I was reading an article by J Mark Bishop "The danger of artificial stupidity" on ScientaSalon, where he quotes his own research, John Searle and Hilary Putnam, among others, as proof of the ...
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1answer
50 views

Would creating a mind designed to feel free while achieving the wants of its creator be unethical?

I'm interested in working on an artificial intelligence with the feeling of "free will". Like us, its "free will" will be confined to the form and features of its mind/brain design. The reason that ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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5answers
381 views

Does artificial intelligence necessarily mean a system can somehow “freely” vary its own behaviour?

If an artificial intelligence system existed in a robot and it was able to constantly reprogram and reconfigure itself in any way without disrupting its necessary functions, and without even partly ...
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4answers
123 views

Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [closed]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
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3answers
207 views

Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
4
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2answers
184 views

Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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votes
3answers
533 views

Could a machine or an AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions?

The question of "Could a machine/AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions"? arises in movies such as Bladerunner, IRobot, Star Trek and A.I among others. What is the philosophical arguement behind why ...
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3answers
172 views

Thought experiment: Argument whose life is more valuable organic or mechanical? [closed]

Let's consider the following scenario: There is a really important mission consisting of a team of two individuals: a sentient, artificially intelligent robot and a human. If the mission fails, ...
3
votes
6answers
378 views

Can Elon Musk & Stephen Hawking's Evil Robot theory be opposed by a loving robot theory?

CNBC recently released an article discussing how Elon Musk & Stephen Hawking fear the machine and the capabilities of AI in robots. The fear is that the robots will evolve to re-code themselves ...
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4answers
1k views

Are programmers evidence Artificial Intelligence is impossible?

While not a logical proof, this appears to be a practical disproof of AI. If it were possible to replace programmers, with all the brainpower and sheer quantities of money directed at computer ...
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4answers
579 views

Are there any physicalist arguments against strong AI?

Are there any arguments against strong AI in principle, given physicalism? Are there any arguments against strong AI in practice, given physicalism? Basically, I want to be aware of any potential ...
5
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4answers
113 views

Do limits of human nature suggest that it could be principally understood?

Human nature is limited, so is our thinking. We are limited by our bodies, and power of thoughts is limited by the number of cortical and other neurons, number and speed of their connections, which ...
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1answer
1k views

What are some examples of solved philosophical problems?

Are there any examples of philosophical problems that have been solved? How can we know a proposed solution to a philosophical problem is correct? Examples of "philosophical problems": If a tree ...
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4answers
367 views

About a mind / brain analogy regarding computers [closed]

If the Mind is associated with a self-organizing system of software ( like in an A.I. system) and the Brain is associated with the system's hardware then it is assumed by many that the Brain causes ...
5
votes
2answers
131 views

Could Watson be used to answer philosophical questions?

IBM's Watson computer is known for winning the Jeopardy quiz show against the top human players. It has also been put to cancer research. Watson works by analyzing large chunks of texts to come up ...
5
votes
3answers
453 views

Concerning A.I. and Robots - Can they reach sentience and consciousness?

If a robot had a cognitive system in its 'head' that can pass the Turing Test and its A.I. abilities where self-sustaining (and it can reprogram any part of 'itself' without causing self-sabotage) ...
1
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1answer
176 views

Regarding the Halting problem and the human mind

The Halting problem (I think) is the problem of trying to find a general algorithm for determining if a specific program will halt within a computer system. It's been shown a general procedure for ...
4
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3answers
231 views

If there is life, then there is more complex life as well?

Researchers in Switzerland have developed an Altruism algorithm that shows how altruism in a swarm of entities can, over time, evolve and result in more effective swarm behaviour. For an ant colony, ...
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4answers
205 views

Is a pile of ants a, more or less, intelligent being?

Due to the definition of life an ant colony acts and reacts like a life form. There is even a "Ant colony optimization" Example Algorithm... Does this mean that the whole pile of ants, not its ...
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2answers
742 views

Man's Relation to AI vs. God's Relation to Man

I have been a hacker and programmer since I was 14 and I have done advanced education and research in Artificial Intelligence. We all know that we do not yet have a computer entity that is "truly" ...
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4answers
1k views

Strong AI vs Gödel's Theorem?

If Gödel's Theorem is true, it means that for every formal system, there is a thesis that is true but can't be proven from the formal system. Every agent system which humans can build by modern ...
2
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2answers
740 views

What makes a computer artificially intelligent?

What features would make a computer be considered truly artificially intelligent? Better question yet, what would make a computer truly intelligent and conscious? (true artificial intelligence is an ...