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3answers
115 views

Quantum entanglement and its implications for modern science [closed]

In light of the now undisputed existence of the phenomenon of quantum entanglement and it's implications, can any field of science (e.g. Neuroscience and, specifically, the study of consciousness) ...
4
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3answers
84 views

Would a truly objective system of ethics amount to a form of dualism?

Per Hume's is-ought problem, most people consider ethical questions to be independent of empirical facts. The physicalist/materialist world-view is based on the idea that only thing that exists are ...
6
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5answers
240 views

What are the problems with the argument for dualism about mind from immateriality of thoughts?

I have started studying philosophy of mind and I am currently reading an introduction to the field. The first topic that is presented in the book is dualism of the Cartesian brand, and the case for it ...
2
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1answer
53 views

How is non-reductive materialism different from dualism?

Non-reductive materialism (or materialism) is considered a from of monism, in the sense that ontologically everything is considered to be made of physical substances. It is non-reductive only in that ...
2
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6answers
935 views

Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?

Assume the supernatural does exist, and consists of beings/forces that can interact with our natural universe in ways that are contrary to the natural laws of this universe (at least as we know them). ...
2
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2answers
131 views

What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

Functionalism and property dualism are both physicalist theories of the mind in that they don't admit any substances other than physical substance. Property dualism holds that mental states are ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Am I not a material thing?

I can not doubt that I exist. I can doubt that any material thing exists. Therefore, I am not a material thing This is a redux of Descartes's modal argument for dualism (e.g. in second and sixth ...
6
votes
4answers
151 views

The demarcation problem and the materialism/dualism debate?

Presumably the end game of dualist philosophers is to definitively prove the existence of ontologically separate mental states which cannot be reduced to brain states. If they succeed in doing so, ...
2
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4answers
105 views

Logical Atomism and the divisibility of ideas?

Crucial to DesCartes' argument for dualism, is that matter and mind are different because matter has extension and thoughts don't. Matter can be divided (infinitely?) into smaller parts, which will ...
0
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6answers
211 views

Have Descartes' arguments for dualism been entirely refuted by modern neuroscience and information theory?

From the IEP article on Dualism: Decartes argues that the mind is indivisible because it lacks extension. The body, as an object that takes up space, can always be divided (at least ...
1
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3answers
98 views

About Criticism of Dualtistic Theories

According to my knowledge, a main criticism to dualistic theories is that they give the mind a special characteristic in contrast to matter. But is this true, since matter is also split up in several ...
4
votes
5answers
181 views

How do modern dualists explain mind-body interaction?

A serious challenge for dualism is explaining how mind and body interact if they are made of ontologically different substances, and more specifically how mental phenomena can casually drive bodily ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Are you familiar with a similar argument against the (nomological) supervenience of the mental on the physical?

The SEP article on supervenience claims "Just about everyone, even a Cartesian dualist, believes some version of this supervenience claim [that the mental nomologically supervenes on the physical]." ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

War vs Peace thinking is incomplete because it ignores the third category. What is that Category? [closed]

A random ongoing human condition can be experiencing war. Similarly, it can be experiencing peace. I believe it can also be experiencing a third category which is neither war nor peace. I believe most ...
5
votes
2answers
236 views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
8
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6answers
1k views

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
0
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4answers
176 views

Would a clone of myself be a different person than myself? [closed]

don't know if anyone will read this, but just a random thought I had: Try to imagine the following: you wake up in a hospital bed, with no recollection of how you got there. You look over at the bed ...
-2
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2answers
194 views

“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?” [closed]

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

[I went and wrote a long answer to a question that was in the interim deleted, so rather than waste that, I thought I'd do my best to reproduce it here. Credit to Micheal Lee for the original, some ...
5
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2answers
97 views

Dualism appears in many places. Is there a theory why?

Big Questions often resolve themselves into two camps, such as between rationalism and empiricism. This happens when some sticking point is reached that cannot be resolved. Why is it so common for ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Is there an economic philosophy that is dualistic?

In classical economics its obvious that the philosophical model followed is inspired by both physics in its reductionism and biology to a primary notion - that of self-interest. This self-interest ...
-1
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2answers
525 views

On non-duality: Is there really such a thing as evil? [closed]

The non-duality philosophy idea seems to be that polarity is an illusion, because in reality everything is connected and whole. Even when things seem separated they are still connected and depend on ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Concepts of state and transition as used by Kierkegaard

While reading Søren Kierkegaard's "The Concept of Anxiety", I asked myself how much of the temporal interpretation of dialectic and the interaction between state and transition (leap) are original to ...
4
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2answers
412 views

The Emperor's New Mind and Free Will

A good few years ago I read The Emperor's New Mind by Roger Penrose. Having recently read some philosopy primers I was wondering about the links between this book and the question of free will. From ...
8
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1answer
592 views

Why does Chalmers' argument about “the hard problem” not entail idealism?

Chalmers famously argues in Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness: At the end of the day, the same criticism applies to any purely physical account of consciousness. For any physical process ...
13
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3answers
3k views

What is the modern solution to the mind-body problem for those who still hold the mind is separate?

René Descartes gave us the problem of how the mind interacts with the body in its modern formulation. Essentially, he asked how the incorporeal mind was able to influence the material body. He also ...