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0
votes
1answer
14 views

Conception of duty based on utility as opposed to specific actions

I'm curious as to whether there exists a deontological system of morality where duties can be satisfied by providing the person to whom a duty is owed with something else that provides them with an ...
0
votes
5answers
245 views

Lawyers and crimes: moral, work ethics, truth and culpability

If a lawyer that is representing a defendant finds that his client is guilty, how is he supposed to act? Can a lawyer lie or pretend he doesn't know something? Should or could he, morally, try to win ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

A contradiction in Kant's Universalizability Principle

I figured a contradiction in Kant's Universalizability principle, but I'm very surprised that it was so easy to prove that wrong, so I think that I might be wrong somewhere. Let us first begin with a ...
3
votes
3answers
6k views

What's the difference between a 'duty' and 'obligation'?

Background I enrolled in a class, The Philosophy of Human Rights. The authors of the course readings never use 'duty' and 'obligation' interchangeably, so I suspect that the terms may have distinct ...
4
votes
2answers
86 views

Violation of everyday rights or “whose right to what did I violate today?”

The idea of rights seems to be strongly, if not inextricably, connected to the idea of duties. As far as I remember in philosophy of law this is referred to as "reciprocity". If I must do something, ...
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2answers
265 views

Is there a name for the philosophy of increasing happiness more than reducing it is the only moral good?

I recently answered this question on the ethical duty to help educate others, where I wrote: I feel like if a person increases "happiness" more in his life then he decreases the "happiness" then ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Which schools of ethics claim one has a duty to educate the uneducated?

Background: I am taking a philosophy of ethics class at a local college for the summer and my teacher brought up this prompt for discussion. The class discussion came down to the question if we have a ...
4
votes
2answers
893 views

How could maxims become universal laws? (What does Kant's Categorical Imperative mean?)

This states 'act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law'. How can I will a maxim to become a universal law, surely that kind of ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Does Nietzsche make distinctions between men and women regarding human duties?

If Nietzsche is writing about humans, is he really writing about men or doesn't he make the distinction? The way I came up with the question is complicated, but specifically I was thinking about the ...