Epistemology is the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
379 views

Is God subject to logic?

If God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic? Logic is the use and study of valid reasoning, while reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Are Hume's “relations of ideas” the same as analytic a priori judgments?

In his Enquiry concerning human understanding, Hume provides the following definition: All the objects of human reason or enquiry may naturally be divided into two kinds, to wit, Relations of ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

are Wittgensteins propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus; does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a postereroi divisions; or does his ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Does fallibilism carry an ontological commitment?

When I was a grad student in psychology, I audited a 20th century philosophy of science course. I did my best to absorb all the great discussions, but one remark the professor made continues to bother ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Does everything have a cause/reason?

I was reading on arguments for the existence of God and came across the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) which describes that everything must have a sufficient cause/reason to exist. Looking at ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Would a logical positivist consider a proposition about objects outside of the earth's light cone to be meaningful?

The logical positivists' basic premise was that for any statement to be meaningful, one had to be able to confirm its truth or falsehood using formal logic and empirical observation. Any statement ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

What does a justified disbelief in theism imply?

If one can justify disbelief in theism, what repercussions does this have on the monotheistic faiths? Is justifying disbelief in theism enough to warrant disbelief in Islam, Christianity and Judaism, ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Is an Anarchosocialist a philosophical term or a political term?

I heard the term used by Noam Chomsky to describe himself. Is this his own term or a mash up. Came very late to philosophy, and I see possible links to the under pinnings of Anarchism and Socialism.
0
votes
0answers
64 views

What is the general relationship between Intelligence and Information?

I will take the definition of "information" used in the field of Information Theory, which according to my understanding of Information Theory, information is the loss of uncertainty(e.g. while a coin ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How does quoting the opinions of other philosophers support a theory? [migrated]

I read this today in a comment on someone else's question-answer: 'Stack Exchange is not a network for exchanging opinions, but rather factual information. This answer essentially isn't more than ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How objective can morality be? [closed]

We all make assumptions, but there are assumptions that we are forced to make if we want to interact with any part of reality. The first is that the universe exists. The second is that the universe is ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Popper, Nietzsche and knowledge

In many works of Karl Popper, he says, quoting Xenophanes, that all human knowledge is only conjectural, that modern science will never produce a true knowledge. The german philosopher, Friedrich ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Aside from logical representations, what are other ways philosophers approach representing knowledge?

Of course different arguments can be neatly spelled out in logical symbols, but logic isn't sufficient for all kinds of knowledge. I know the issue is represented in different ontologies in the ...
6
votes
7answers
232 views

How to justify the use of logic?

I would like to hear some Philosophical arguments which justify the use of logic. Additionally, if a justification of logic takes the form of an inference, this inference itself makes use of logic. ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Hierarchical Reductionism vs Emergentism [closed]

How does Hierarchical Reductionism (as coined by Richard Dawkins) differ from Emergentism exactly? Edit: Dawkins' definition of hierarchical reductionism: ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Causality : social construction or self-evocating phenomena?

Individual autonomy would come from Hellenistic roots and would have been developed within Christian scholastic spheres as an important property of the human paragon (so you can easily blame it and ...
4
votes
5answers
258 views

The belief that everything is expressible in mathematical terms?

For want of a better word, mathematicism will be defined as the belief that everything is expressible in mathematical terms. I'm not sure if this is a position that anyone affirms, as my thoughts on ...
39
votes
16answers
10k views

Why aren't creationism and natural science on the same level? (Or are they?)

In the infamous creation museum a strategically very shrewd exhibit, where a scientist and a biblical scholar both study the same fossils, is being presented: The sign says “different ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Problem of old evidence

I've come across the so-called "problem of old evidence" in Bayesian statistics/epistemology. First, let me summarize the problem as I see it so we're on the same page. Suppose I have a theory ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Holism, reductionism and emergence

I try to understand the difference between holism and reductionism and I wonder whether the concept of emergence belongs to the first one or whether it is just "holism through the eyes of a ...
2
votes
4answers
125 views

What is the opposite of the reductionist approach?

I am searching for two opposite words in philosophy of science to describe two opposite approaches in physics. To illustrate what I am searching for I will use statistical physics and particle physics ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Who postulates the inability of a system to describe a system larger than itself?

Sorry for the poor question wording. I have a vague memory of reading about a theory in philosphy, mathematics, or physics which says something like this. The idea, as I remember it, is that any given ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Difference between experiencial beliefs and beliefs formed on religious experiences

I have heard and read some religious apologists argue something to the effect that we have no more reason to believe our ordinary experiences than we have to believe our religious intuitions and ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What could be a philosophical view on hallucinations and selfidentity? [closed]

I am writing my thesis on the experience of hearing voices and I am looking at it from an Interpretative Phenomenoogical (methodology IPA) perspective, so I am also reading a lot of philosophy at the ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

What are some articles that give reasons for trusting one's perceptions, memory, or reasoning?

Note that by trusting one's perceptions, I mean trusting that one has perceptions, rather than trusting that one's perceptions are "accurate". Preferably, the articles should be rigorous and ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

By what criteria would we recognise a theory of AI?

By what criteria do we judge as to whether we have understood consciousness on a theoretical basis? One criteria might be the construction of AI (but this can't be the whole story as everyday new ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

What is science in the 'gay science'?

First, I haven't read the book; but have come across some excerpts in one of Foucaults essays. It occurs to me that given Nietszches famous antipathy to Christianity, and that Adam/Eve were evicted ...
-1
votes
2answers
102 views

Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Could 'ought' be defined as sentimentalism?

The traditional definition of ought is "moral obligation" as defined by multiple online dictionaries. Some authors, like Harris, have defined ought as maximizing expected well being (a fancy way of ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Quantum Mechanics and Radical Constructivism

Is there an interpretation of quantum mechanics (QM) based on radical constructivism? If yes, what construction of QM does it suggest? If no, can you speculate on such interpretation? So far my ...
11
votes
10answers
446 views

Is there any reason to believe that there are things which science cannot tell us?

Science can only tell us a posteriori synthetic truths, can this category extend to all propositions about the world. Surely the only things which can by known ONLY by a priori analytic are ...
1
vote
3answers
125 views

How do laws of nature enforce themselves?

The Humean view prevailing today is that laws of nature are mere regularities of the empirical events. However, there seems to be a difference between post factum regularities, like the Titius-Bode ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in “the truth”?

It is well known that Friedrich Nietzsche was very condemnatory of the objective truth, however, while analyzing his words, it is difficult to ascertain whether or not he believes in the truth at all. ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Should a skeptic consider anecdote as evidence?

I asked this question on Skeptics SE, and they referred me here. I've heard some skeptics say that any anecdotal evidence should be dismissed immediately, as anecdote is notoriously unreliable. ...
7
votes
4answers
349 views

Is Galileo's argument about falling bodies logically flawed?

Galileo's famous argument against the Aristotle's theory of falling bodies goes like this. "Let's say heavy objects do fall faster than light ones. Then it seems the heavier weight will fall with the ...
8
votes
5answers
698 views

What is the philosophy behind the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics?

Perhaps it is a stereotype, but I assumed that most physicists are empirical realists (external reality affects our senses, and science infers a representation of it from sensory data). At the same ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

We know substances by means of their accidents?

Where does Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas say we know substances by means of their accidents? For example: To know the substance of an apple, I first have to sense its quantity and qualities: shape, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Are passive observation and active experimentation the only ways of knowledge production?

This is the topic of my essay for a high school theory of knowledge class. I think that the question implies that all knowledge stems directly (in the case of passive observation) or indirectly (in ...
-1
votes
1answer
65 views

Why happiness is induced by that which baffles us: What does laughter reveals about human nature? [closed]

I will attempt to be prompt. Variables/strings/operators: *The prime symbol (') will be used as an operator for an action's derivative [here, meaning antecedent] (e.g (eating a sandwich)' = ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Is there some known problem that reflects the legitimacy of asking why infinitely many times?

When I was a kid, I remind that I had a strange type of game - I was mostly concerned of annoying other persons. Whenever they assumed something, I asked why, and then when they aswered, I asked why ...
4
votes
3answers
245 views

What purpose do mathematics and philosophy serve epistemologically (compared to sciences)?

Kant did not consider them sciences, but meta-disciplines that study a priori conditions of doing science. Indeed, both mathematics and philosophy permeate all empirical sciences to varying degrees, ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Why is the “brain in a vat” scenario meaningful?

In class we discussed the famous "brain in a vat" case, where since you can't differentiate between that case and "reality", you have no way of knowing that you are, in fact, in reality. But what I ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

What kind of conditional does Nozick use in his theory of knowledge?

Knowledge is traditionally defined as justified true belief: in order for S to know P, S must believe P, P must be true, and S must be justified in believing P. Now this definition has been ...
1
vote
3answers
315 views

Logic - 3 Cannibals Riddle Reduced to 2 Steps

From reddit Cannibals ambush a safari in the jungle and capture three men. The cannibals give the men a single chance to escape uneaten. The captives are lined up in order of height, and are tied to ...
-1
votes
4answers
114 views

Why is the Kochsche Curve and programming so similiar? [closed]

I've question which I'm looking for longer time. The iteration process while a for loop > for statement in function_declaration: is looping over all instances and giving out one statement after ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

What is mathematics? [duplicate]

Is mathematical practice: an act of discovery of eternal objects and ideas independent of human existence; an intuition-free game in which symbols are manipulated according to a fixed sets of rules; ...