Epistemology is the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.

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Three people sitting together of which two are truthful and one is a liar. Can the truthful detect the liar?

How can this question be approached philosophically? EDIT: A liar in this case can produce multiple versions of a statement.
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Is there, if any, direct relation between rhizome and Body without an organs? How does that happen

I am in the middle of A Thousand Plateaus and something, which is the relationship between rhizome and body without organs. The reason it is that they took part in the constitution of relationship ...
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Is it possible to construct falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses about behaviour?

My question is very much contained in the title. Most human behaviours are the object of many hypotheses based in the theory of evolution. Usually an hypothesis will arise as a model that explains a ...
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Rational irrationality of emotions and simulated annealing

When a colleague of mine stated that "emotions are life's simulated annealing" I found that idea very interesting. In order to explain why let me describe briefly the optimization algorithm known as ...
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What could we call as mathematical intelligence?

A professor once told me, for example, that the act of counting is widely regarded as a first sign of mathematical intelligence. Is it though?, can the act of counting (or performing simple arithmetic ...
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Is math independent of our sensory experience?

I've been asking myself this and other questions in the field of philosophy of mathematics. Could we, if we were isolated from any kind of sensory experience, be able to learn mathematics? This ...
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What does Foucault mean by discursive practices or discursive constitutions in definition of discourse?

Foucault uses the concept of discursive practices or discursive constitutions in the definition of discourse. What does he mean by this concept? How are discursive practices different from ...
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What does Spivak mean exactly in her paper “can the subaltern speak”?

What does G. Spivak mean by epistemic violence in her essay "Can the subaltern speak"? What I understand by her paper is that intellectuals in Europe and western countries control the kind of ...
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52 views

Judging the Logical Conclusion for this Epistemological Debate

I was involved in a debate with my friend a few days ago. He proposed that the most logical answer for questions that can't be judged with science, logic and reason should be polar, i.e., either ...
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71 views

Are perfection, morality, sanity and beauty “absolute”? [closed]

Are perfection/morality/sanity/beauty.. absolute terms? Perfection. I am told its a self evident term and cannot be defined. Anyway I had a conversation with a person who tried to prove the existence ...
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160 views

What is the purpose of learning?

This is a question I've been thinking about the last week or so, and this question on Meta SF got me itching to ask it somewhere. Oh, look! Philosophy SE! What is the purpose of learning? By ...
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92 views

Were we born to believe?

This is a controversial question and not one that necessarily implies a Super Natural intervention, but I am curious about your opinion. Many of you I would hope is aware of the fact that living our ...
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101 views

“cogito ergo sum” and then…?

After his ever so famous "cogito ergo sum", Rene Descartes' second (deep?) thought was something like "God exists" (according to my literature). I think he brought this up mainly due to historical ...
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Is Plato's Socrates contradicting himself here? (Phaedo 75a)

Phaedo 74e-75b “Then we must have had knowledge of equality before the time when we first saw equal things and thought, ‘All these things are aiming to be like equality but fall short.’” ...
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Is Suicide Courageous or Cowardliness? [closed]

Another good question which the movie Cloud Atlas presents by a gay love story, which ends tragically. Robert Frobisher commits the deed, sadly, but in his very last letter he wrote: My dearest ...
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How is Bayesian reasoning related to the scientific method?

Back in September 2006, Scott Aaronson wrote a famous blog post giving 10 Reasons to believe that N!=NP. In March 2014, he wrote a more ambitious post about The scientific case for N!=NP. He claims: ...
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Truth is singular. Its “versions” are mistruths. [closed]

In the beginning of the legendary movie called Cloud Atlas... Somni 541 is sitting in a room, and an "Archivist" comes in. The conversation starts... Archivist: On behalf of my Ministry and the ...
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135 views

Has the Problem of Induction been solved?

The problem as to acquiring knowledge about times where we cannot experiment/observe. For e.g, you haven't seen the future, so you cannot make any definitive statements, or rather, scientifically ...
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Quine's Naturalized Epistemology

Quine argues for a naturalized epistemology over traditional kinds. The implications of this move lead to pure descriptions that relinquishes all normativity. Is Quine's method of science as a ...
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85 views

Do humans have an obligation to ensure that death actually occurs when we think it does?

I've been struggling to articulate my question for quite some time so this may or may not be coherent. Philosopher Shelly Kagan, a Yale professor who has an Open Course on 'the philosophy of death', ...
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Looking for an epistemology term

I have tried googling for the term but didn't find it. It's an -ism that refers to the fact that you can only know truth or have knowledge within your own experience. It's different then moral ...
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Materialist Epistemology?

In a normal theory of knowledge, a person's phenomenal consciousness is taken as basic. Thus, the sciences are an attempt at explaining the "world" that affects phenomenal consciousness. Excising ...
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BHK Semantics and Homtopy Type Theory

There are different ways of associating interpretations to intuitionistic propositional logic, one of which is to interpret it by Heyting algebras this is the analogue of the standard interpretation ...
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73 views

What is the justification for topological arguments in philosophy? [closed]

What is the justification for topological arguments in philosophy? For instance, it is common to say that we are not the only conscious animals because there is a continuity between humans and animals ...
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Is it irrational to not believe in the existence of irrational numbers?

Suppose some agent doesn't believe in the existence of the positive square root of 2. Question: Is the agent's disbelief (or lack of belief) in the existence of +sqrt(2) irrational? The question ...
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“I trust my senses” — Why does this tend to be restricted to the external senses?

I routinely come across mini-epistemologies that start with something like: Cogito ergo sum. (presupposes "I", oops!) My senses are sufficiently reliable. These days, it is often admitted that we ...
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Can a machine, lacking reflection, be a Person?

We are well beyond Frankenstein and the experience that the machine—“it’s alive”! As we continue to rely on Suri’s for GPS directions, “self”-checkout aisles, or the artificial intelligence of robotic ...
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57 views

What does Samir Okasha mean in this quote about converting invalid to valid argument?

I'm reading Samir Okasha's article "Does Hume’s argument against induction rest on a quantifier-shift fallacy?" and in page 240 there is this: Consider a typical inductive inference of the sort ...
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141 views

what is the difference between rational thinking and empirical thinking?

Why is there a debate between rationals and empiricals? What are the differences between those two ways of thinking?
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Is an argument from axiomatic an argument from authority?

These are geneally seen to be on opposing sides. Arguing from axiomatic is arguing from first principles which have clear and distinct conceptualisation in the minds eye of the arguer. Whereas ...
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What is a good reference to see how noumena and phenomena are connected?

What philosophies or philosophers made attempts to unify noumena and phenomena as indistinct from each other, that is to show that they are all mere pattern representations* in a "mindspace"**? The ...
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116 views

Are the Efforts to Fuse Philosophy and Pop Culture Superficial?

The state of our aesthetic and consumer-based economy has brought philosophy to a transitional stage at many levels. Many wonder what will be its future or where philosophy should go from here. It is ...
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Why do we tend towards discretizing things around and within us?

Why do we tend towards discretizing things around and within us? Do our senses (for space and time) fool us into this notion all the way into the need for discretizing abstractions themselves, e.g. An ...
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63 views

Considering kantian determinism for phenomena, what's the point of ethics?

Kant's determinism seems to imply that if we (somehow) get to know all the physical properties of a certain object we can also know what will be the state of the latter object given a certain period ...
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Do humans have skills we haven't discovered yet?

I was thinking about the invention of writing. Before we had writing, we didn't have writing; but we had the potential to have writing. We know this because cats and caterpillars don't have writing, ...
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Epistemology of “Creationism Debate”

Epistemologically, is there any difference between a belief in non-interventionist evolution and a belief in young-earth creationism? If so, what is it? I'm not interested in the question of whether ...
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283 views

What empirical evidence would exclude the Intelligent Designer hypothesis?

While there aren't indisputable (to say the least) arguments supporting the Intelligent Designer thesis, I had never seen (or imagined myself) an argument that could definitively debunk this ...
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120 views

Is the Socratic Method is the best way to teach philosophy?

Maybe it is for younger people, but what are better ways for adults? What is better for andragogy? Please put your answer in question form if you are a die hard.
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How to spread the philosophical word? [closed]

I personally think, thinking about philosophy is a very good mean to keep calm when it comes to stressful times. I know some people that don't care about philosophy at all. It's too esoteric for them, ...
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262 views

Why is philosophy viewed as unnecessary, extra, by the common man?

This may be more of a sociology or psychology question as I do not mean "What is the point of philosophy today?" (You can find many related questions at my favorites.) Then what I mean is, how does ...
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119 views

Through The Internet, do we have access to all human scientific knowledge so far [closed]

When I say The Internet, i mean all different types of networks be it private, public, governmental etc... all of them. EDIT: by human knowledge I'm not talking about what people had for breakfast or ...
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Physics, Theoretical Understanding and the Limits of Human Knowledge/Understanding

During an interview with Discover magazine, Roger Penrose makes the claim that a lot of the most theoretical physics, a la the physical theories that try to account for the discrepancies and ...
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Approximately what is the proportion of philosophers who support each of the main responses to scepticism?

There are lots of ways we can respond to the sceptic: the Moorean approach, externalism, contextualism or deny closure. (There maybe other common responses I've forgotten.) Very roughly, what ...
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What did Aristotle mean by λόγος in the phrase «ὁ…κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος»?

In the beginning of his Categories, Aristotle wrote, Ὁμώνυμα λέγεται ὧν ὄνομα μόνον κοινόν, ὁ δὲ κατὰ τοὔνομα λόγος τῆς οὐσίας ἕτερος, οἷον ζῷον ὅ τε ἄνθρωπος καὶ τὸ γεγραμμένον τούτων γὰρ ὄνομα ...
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What exactly does Avicenna means here?

These two paragraphs are taken from here [1]. Scroll down to page 3. Ever since the criticism of ibn Sing’s doctrine by ibn Rushd who, among other things, accused ibn Sina of having violated the ...
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Objective qualia definition

I thought of an, as I think, objective definition of qualia which is this: In any material (= physical) system a quale is defined by a boundary from the containing universe and with a negative ...
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Is it possible to apply coherentism to the philosophy of mathematics?

I asked this question on the math site and was told it'd be better suited to the philosophy forum: If I'm not mistaken, one of the most basic issues in the philosophy of mathematics is that of the ...
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Logics Epistemology: Can Maths and physics meet in one point

Is logics (logic rules, arithmetic and logic inference) universe-dependent or not. In other words: are logic rules ultimately physical laws of the universe (as gravity, quantum laws and ...
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What unique ideas does speculative realism present?

Speculative realism seems to be based primarily on opposing the Kantian philosophy of correlationism - I quote Meillassoux: Correlationism consists in disqualifying the claim that it is possible ...
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The concept of Objectiveness

Maybe, one of the most fundamental concepts in philosophy is "Objectiveness". Since any question will ultimately depends upon the answer of the question "Is there an objective thing?", and naturally ...