Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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does the mind consciously or unconsciously plays a trick on itself by dividing itself? a battle of antitheses?

one thought fighting another thought. a desire opposing another desire. frgmentation inside.one wanting to overcome greed or trying not to be violent which is violence too.
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Am I morally obligated to pursue a career in medicine?

I am a high school student who has no formal training in philosophy, so I apologize if this question seems naïve. However, it is one that I am currently facing in a life decision, and I would like a ...
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School Board Ethics

When a school board needed to fill a vacant seat on the board, they had to choose between two people. They publically announced that they were selecting one of the people because he had grandchildren. ...
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Did Putnam proved Hume wrong about the impossiblity of ground for ethical claims?

Is well known Hume's argument in A treatise of Human Nature that we can't derive normative judgments from descriptive statements. Recently one of my teachers said that Putnam proved Hume wrong showing ...
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Difference between ethical subjectivism and expressivism?

I understand that emotional reactions do not have truth values. But it seems like it's obvious to translate an emotional reaction X to a statement "I have emotional reaction X" that does have a truth ...
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How can we define “sanity” across cultures?

I have witness the following scene in my childhood : A group of tribe people abducted a newborn baby from a village close to the forest they lived in. The purpose of the abduction was to sacrifice ...
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Should journalistic ethics apply to anyone who publishes

I have a claim: If someone writes in a manner that suggests they are an authority it seems clear that they have a responsibility to investigate and understand their topic to a certain standard. This ...
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The selfless gene

Richard Dawkins, in a fine bit of rhetoric in his book the selfish gene, asserts that from one perspective, that our bodies are merely the means by which genes reproduce themselves. We are mortal, but ...
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Ad Hominem vs. Accountability

Imagine someone who you know is a defender of an idea, let's call it idea A. Than one day, you see her defending the opposite idea, idea B, in a group that you know supports idea B. When you ...
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What is the difference between Ethics and Social Contract

Ethics refer to society idea of what is right and wrong and we do it because society says it is the right thing to do . Social contract is the idea that any given society has a set of conventions ...
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people's morals are 'sometimes' or 'always' socially accepted values

So I disagree with the following sentence: people's morals are 'sometimes' or 'always' socially accepted values Therefore, I would like to know which philosopher would agree with this statement and ...
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Which philosopher would agree with the theory of moral absolutism?

I have troubles finding an answer to the following question: Which philosopher would agree with the theory of moral absolutism? Thank you in advance!
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Problem in moral relativism?

I need to write an essay about the next sentence: The only criterion of reality of an individual moral judgments are socially accepted values​​. Can I use the theory of moral relativism in my ...
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To what extent is someone guilty of not taking action to prevent a crime?

Obviously, one should not be expected to take all possible measures to prevent a crime that could happen against them. Also, it is clear that this doesn't question or influence the guilty of the ...
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Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
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The only criterion of reality of individual moral judgments are socially accepted values​​

So, I've just found the following sentence in a book: The only criterion of reality of an individual moral judgments are socially accepted values​​. So, I think you undrestand the problem in this ...
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What is the difference between Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism?

Based on the definitions given by Wikipedia , Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism both seems to imply the same meaning Rule Utilitarianism Action is right as it conforms to a rule that ...
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Has there been any recent investigations into the philosophical implications of rebirth

Does anyone know of any recent philosophical research or investigations into the implications of rebirth? I am not asking about research into whether rebirth exists or not, and I am not asking ...
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Is ethics anthropocentric?

Is ethics anthropocentric? It seems as if ethics mainly revolves around the issues that human intelligence faces? Do we treat ethics as just a mere end and not a means, and if so, does that make ...
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When it's stated that human beings are equal, what kind of equality is usually implied?

I was reading an essay where the author seems to define equality among people as mathematical equality. Of course, this seemed to be overly simplistic so I wanted to look for a better definition. I ...
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Is Suicide Courageous or Cowardliness? [closed]

Another good question which the movie Cloud Atlas presents by a gay love story, which ends tragically. Robert Frobisher commits the deed, sadly, but in his very last letter he wrote: My dearest ...
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Who said “we need to make more people happy, not more happy people”

A bumper-sticker version of things like person-affecting views is: We need to make more people happy, not more happy people I'm sure I didn't come up with this, but re-reading through people ...
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Is it possible to logically derive moral statements from factual statements?

Yes, this is essentially the is-ought problem posed as a question. The reason I am asking however, is that I have so far found absolutely no satisfactory arguments for this being the case anywhere ...
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Truth is singular. Its “versions” are mistruths. [closed]

In the beginning of the legendary movie called Cloud Atlas... Somni 541 is sitting in a room, and an "Archivist" comes in. The conversation starts... Archivist: On behalf of my Ministry and the ...
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Can moral philosophers settle moral questions?

In "The God Delusion", Richard Dawkins asks why it is that, whenever a moral issue is being discussed on a television panel, there always seem to be a man of religion present to represent the side of ...
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114 views

Ethics of Genetically Modified Organisms

I had a conversation with old friend of mine regarding genetically modified food (specifically transgenic crops/animals), and their stance was that It's just wrong to put stuff from one ...
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Do humans have an obligation to ensure that death actually occurs when we think it does?

I've been struggling to articulate my question for quite some time so this may or may not be coherent. Philosopher Shelly Kagan, a Yale professor who has an Open Course on 'the philosophy of death', ...
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Where online can I find arguments for preference utilitarianism?

I'm looking for (emphasis on) open access arguments for preference utilitarianism over hedonistic (or other alternative forms) of utilitarianism. Here's the current list (I don't have enough rep to ...
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What literary works discuss shifting one's morality for practicality impacting an objective?

'Switching' morality on/off to reach a specific objective (ie, more practical to impact the problem through dishonest rather than though ethical means) Doing wrong things for the right reason If ...
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why we can't defeat evil with evil? [closed]

I have been wondering why we can't defeat evil with evil, why Evil cannot drive out Evil? Why we can't take evil as a means to an end goodness? Specifically, say why we can't lie to an evil guy, ...
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Theories on the origin(s) of evil [closed]

People sometimes do bad things. It seems natural to ask what are the fundamental reasons for this. Here are some possible "sources of evil": Human nature - humans innately contain qualities that ...
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61 views

Viewpoints of how the law should apply to authorities

When it comes to the question as to what extent authorities in a state should be bound by the laws of the state (which they often make themselves), there seem to be two main viewpoints, one of them ...
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Is Alain de Botton respected among “professional” philosophers?

Alain de Botton seems to be quite a prominent figure in "pop-philosophy" and, to be honest, I like his work. Now, mind you, I don't have an education in philosophy, but I do have it in Law and ...
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Do you think morality and ethics are evolutionary or general disadvantages?

If there are two people, one who's behavior is confined by a strict moral code and another without any constraints are in a competitive situation where the possibility to cheat or otherwise utilize ...
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Is “equality” an virtue in itself or a derivative of envy?

There have been a lot of political talk on "disparity" and "equality" lately in US. The underlying assumption often is that equality is necessarily good, and that most people would benefit from the ...
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Which was more important to Kant - good will or right actions?

I only know a bit about Kant from one college course, and I was wondering about Kant's approach to the question of what defines a good action. I know he rejected the consequentialist approach, and ...
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Why is society not always ruled by systems of morals and ethics?

Why is society not always ruled by systems of morals and ethics? If you can think about this society the se networks it sometimes seems arbitrary rather than based in ethics?
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Does morality apply to an individual's behaviour alone or does it also include those of a group taken as one entity?

If it should also apply to groups, I am wondering if it's possible to act morally within the group yet have an immoral group response. I assume this is possible, but then working it backwards seems ...
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Is it immoral to alienate yourself from society (e.g. by becoming a hermit)?

If a large portion of the intrinsic production value of a society comes from the relationships that exist and develop between its members* does it follow that self-imposed removal from this system by ...
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How to be sure about something

My friend asked me to count the things I'm sure of. Consider that I counted 16 things. If I tell my friend that I'm sure about 16 things, will it be lie? Because I'm sure that I'm sure about 16 ...
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How does Kant link the three subordinate formulations of the categorical imperative to the universal law?

How does Kant derive The Formula of an End in Itself, The Formula of Autonomy, and The Formula of the Kingdom of Ends from the The Formula of the Universal Law? So far, this is my understanding of ...
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What is ethics really about? (the goal or the means)

I have always assumed, perhaps naively, that the basic goal of ethics is to provide judgements of possible outcomes of one's actions, and thus also advice on the way one should act. I just realised ...
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An excuse for not being a vegetarian

I recently found myself holding the following views, which seem to be in contradiction: It is morally wrong to kill a human being which wishes to live; in particular it is wrong to kill a baby or an ...
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Kant's categorical imperative: What precisely is the nature of the maxim that is universalised?

Using Kant’s categorical imperative, I understand that in order to ‘test’ the morality of an intended action, one has to take the maxim of their action and universalise it. If it is self contradictory ...
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Are the Efforts to Fuse Philosophy and Pop Culture Superficial?

The state of our aesthetic and consumer-based economy has brought philosophy to a transitional stage at many levels. Many wonder what will be its future or where philosophy should go from here. It is ...
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Can we have Ethics without Ontology?

Just finished reading Ethics without Ontology (2004) by Harvard professor Hilary Putnam where he argues for a pragmatic pluralism, conceptual relativity, and the obligations to recognize and resist ...
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What is the philosophical parlance for saying: “Why (should I) care?”

What is the philosophical parlance for saying: "Why (should I) care?", in which I'll loosely define "care" as an inclination towards one action over another. p.s. what are proper tags for this ...
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Considering kantian determinism for phenomena, what's the point of ethics?

Kant's determinism seems to imply that if we (somehow) get to know all the physical properties of a certain object we can also know what will be the state of the latter object given a certain period ...
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What is more Powerful power of fear or fear of power..? [closed]

the basic question is what affects a person more Power of fear i.e when he is afraid of something.. something from his pasts or something he fears which might happen in future.. Fear of power i.e ...
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why is predicting child criminals bad for the child [closed]

Predicting child criminals have become a useful method in preventing child from becoming criminals like in minority report. The one question is that what if they don't want to be "cured" and ...