Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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How objective can morality be? [on hold]

We all make assumptions, but there are assumptions that we are forced to make if we want to interact with any part of reality. The first is that the universe exists. The second is that the universe is ...
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What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
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Is it better thing to kill animal not human. Whats the difference?

One human is condemned if he kills another human, but if the same human killed an animal it is not a big deal and you won't even receive jail time (atleast in my country). How did we decided that ...
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Voluntarism justifies seemingly immoral actions?

If I ask the question: Does all voluntary request cancel possible moral issues? For example: Suppose someone a man voluntary offers himself to be beaten brutally for $20, or to take it to the ...
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Does the imperfection of man imply the imperfection of God?

I'll begin by laying out some some ideas that are considered true for the sake of argument: 1. Given: God Exists 2. Given: God is Perfect 3. Given: Everything God does is good 4. Given: Everything ...
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How would binding soldiers to war against their will, mock a legal system?

Source: Unjust War ..., by PAUL CHRISTOPHER, from Parameters Autumn 1995, pp 4-8. Moreover, it is profoundly arrogant for officers to take the view, as some do, that after the national debate ...
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To what degree are soldiers guilty, for diligently fighting for their corrupted countries?

This question hereafter assumes the following for a 'soldier': 1. The possibility of reprisals deters a soldier against categorical resistance to fight for an evil regime, but suppose at least ...
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Why killing/death is more accepted (morally) than nudity on television/movies? [on hold]

Is there any logic why killing/death is more accepted (morally) on television rather than nudity/sex? It seems like a paradox to me the fact that all the laws (in the Occident) have severe punishment ...
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Is there any consensus among philosophers on ethical systems?

It seems that in modern philosophy, there has been less discussion about ethical philosophy and more discussion about linguistics, philosophy of math, etc. Is this because there's some sort of ...
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Isn't human society always self-defeating and imbalanced?

The ideology of many people, especially younger people in various cultures and societies these days, is to make society "equal for everyone"; to give everyone the right to have their opinion and not ...
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Complacency and self hate

Is self hate actually an opponent to conformity and complacency? Isn't amor fati a bit silly when it revolves around comfortably sitting in front of a computer. In my heart do I love only ...
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Is the world motivationally 'ert' or do we need the idea of two directions of fit to explain moral motivation?

In discussions on 'moral motivation' positions like McDowell's are often characterized as proposing the idea of a new mental state: a besire. This is assumingly a state that has the belief-direction ...
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Ontology and Moral Axioms

Would a moral axiom necessarily result from ontology? I define a moral axiom as that which dictates behavior, where the action itself is designated as ethical or not (i.e. the judgment of the ...
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Is Machiavelli's “The Prince” an immoral book?

Machiavelli's The Prince advocates immoral actions. Does it? The book's major premise is "...all political thinking is guided by a single fact: humanity is lost, bad and ever ready to display their ...
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What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
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Context of “one tongue but two ears”

I teach once every few weeks for an hour or two to a group of youngsters (ca. age ten). The lesson is provided to me, so it is pretty much cookbook, and is mostly about little activities and ...
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“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
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Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right

I was wondering if the colloquialism of "Two wrongs don't make a right." has been considered anywhere in the ethics literature. Maybe it could interesting to hear where this thought comes from.
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What anthologies might offer introductions to moral philosophy?

After reading the essay "What I believe" by Bertrand Russell, I became very interested in learning more about moral philosophy. What I am now looking for is a collection of writings by different ...
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Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
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Materialist Defense of Existence of Free Choice and Morality. Book rec?

I'm doing a detailed personal study of possible explanations for free will and morality (the existence thereof). My starting impression is that these notions can't exist in a completely material ...
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Would creating a mind designed to feel free while achieving the wants of its creator be unethical?

I'm interested in working on an artificial intelligence with the feeling of "free will". Like us, its "free will" will be confined to the form and features of its mind/brain design. The reason that ...
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How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
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The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
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discerning among ethics morality principles virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in even my own language, eventually, could anyone possibly throw a light on them, specially in such a way that I could differentiate between them better, as I have ...
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Bibliography on Ethics in Science

Can you please recommend basic bibliography for an introduction to ethics in science ? In particular, if it is clear that there is a project that looks interesting, but clearly it might be used for ...
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If God existed, but there were no afterlife, would anybody obey? [closed]

I'm wondering how much religious striving and effort at following God's word is due to the fact that there is usually some sort of eternal carrot and stick waiting for us at our demise? What if we ...
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Can Aristotles characterisation of courage be extended to include Paranoia and Euphoria

Aristotle in the Nichomaen Ethics works in triads; he has a triadic notion of courage, whose extremities are recklessness and cowardice. Thes are all natural notions of character. However, there are ...
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'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
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Could 'ought' be defined as sentimentalism?

The traditional definition of ought is "moral obligation" as defined by multiple online dictionaries. Some authors, like Harris, have defined ought as maximizing expected well being (a fancy way of ...
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Does being hypocritical or inconsistent invalidate an argument?

While logic is quite important for many things, it seems that many arguments are "won" or "lost" not based on the soundness or lack-thereof of the arguments, but by auxiliary desiderata that I will ...
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What are the legitimate domains of humanitarian action?

I was wondering if there are domains where Humanitarian organizations could totally justify their interventions, in opposite of course with those where they couldn't. What intrigued me was the French ...
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Is there a set of basic moral “rules”, outside of religion or culture, that all intelligent life might theoretically agree on?

Any time I consider asking a question involving "right" or "wrong", moral values at even the most basic level (like "don't needlessly hurt people"), I stop myself, deciding that the question would be ...
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Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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Is there a useful, nominally calculable, secular description of good?

I'm looking for something like a generally applicable algorithm for determining which of several possible choices is 'most good'. Some qualifications for that algorithm should be that: (a) it is ...
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Utilitarianism and liberty

This is most likely a stupid question, but it has been on my mind for a really long time now. We think of utilitarianism as saying "action X is right if it promotes happiness and wrong if if it ...
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What did Nietzsche mean by monsters and the abyss?

What do you think Nietzsche meant by "Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look long into an abyss, the abyss also looks into you." ...
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Is Simmons a consequentialist while Rawls a non-consequentialist?

Rawls defined Civil Disobedience as a Public,Political and Non-Violent act;while Simmons rejects all of these criterion but defines Civil Disobedience as a Deliberate,Principled(done for a political) ...
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How would Kant respond? [closed]

I was wondering how Kant would respond to these sorts of questions. "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without ...
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How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
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Why do we do what a police officer tells us to do?

Why do we do what a police officer tells us to do? Why should we do what a police officer tells us? I realized I don't have a satisfactory answer to this after engaging in a related conversation ...
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Are public trials ethical?

A lot of us may remember Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, George Zimmerman, and the the recent cases about police misconduct. In each of these cases, the individuals were found not guilty by a jury of their ...
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What does it mean to be responsible to the Other? How does our responsibility to the Other diminish an insistence on identity and self-hood? [closed]

This is a question I'm having a difficult time understanding for my Philosophy course. I know it has to do with Derrida and Levinas and I know it has to do with the ideas of the Same and the Other. ...
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Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
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Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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What would Socrates have said if the trolley problem was asked to him?

Imagine a situation a wagon carrier asked to Socrates a variation of the Trolley Problem. What will be the Socrates' answer in terms of being just and being a good man?
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Can one morally justify “wants”, as opposed to needs?

Basic human needs are often defined as food, shelter, and clothing, so for this question I will use this basic definition. I feel at some point in most peoples' lives, they find they have what most ...
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Does the existence of ethics(as a set of rules) imply lack of empathy in humans?

Suppose we would have enough empathy to understand each other in any circumstance. Wouldn't all the discussion of any problem resolve to free will(of the participants of the problem) only? Would, in ...
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Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...