Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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If determinism is true, what was the first event? Is time infinite? [duplicate]

How can all events be causally related if there is no initial event?
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What are some different types and varieties of of preference utilitarianism?

What if the preference of the individual is for lessening the suffering of kittens? However arbitrary that may seem, what if in the same light, one has the preference of lessening the suffering of ...
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What did the Tractatus (really) say about Kant's absolute / in itself value?

(The A to Z of Kant and Kantianism, pg. 31) Do we not need philosophy, in the wake of religion (apologies for my lack of grounding in that huge literature on Wittgenstein's 'way of life'), to find ...
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According to “proper speech” in Buddhism's eight-fold path, is cursing allowed if it's necessary to get the point across? [migrated]

One of the points of Buddhism the eight fold lists "proper speech," but does this propriety in speech include the ability to insult others or express yourself strongly through the use of curse words/ ...
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Why should one philosophize instead of acting?

I was recently discussing the idea of beauty with one of my colleagues and how beauty should be defined. He brought up the fact that nowadays many beauty standards are set by the media, which ...
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Is empirical truth subjective or objective? [on hold]

There are two kinds of knowledge. 1. Information which is the truth. 2. Information masquerading as the truth. Is empirical truth, subjective, or objective? How much truth is contained within ...
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What does Charles Taylor mean by 'moral accent'?

Source: p 471 Middle Left, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 26 Middle, The Ethics of Authenticity by Charles Taylor   The notion ...
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Why is Taylor's ethic of authenticity not a middle position or a tradeoff?

Source: p 470 Bottom, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 22 Bottom - 23 Top, The Ethics of Authenticity by Charles Taylor   What I ...
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Why is it that mimicking some cultures/races is more socially acceptable than others? [on hold]

Okay, so hear me out. If I were to mimic a Chinese persons accent and facial expressions, then discuss a food like 'dim sims', it would be considered hurtful and racist by many. If I were to draw a ...
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How can the practical law be subjective according to Kant?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) by Immanuel ...
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What did Kant mean when distinguishing a jewel vs its setting, to analogise good will?

First encountered: p 432, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Section 1, Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals (1785) by Immanuel Kant ...
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Why did Hume opine that 'Truth is disputable; not taste'?

Source: p , Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Paragraph 5, Section 1, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) by David ...
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Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? Is he right to?

Heidegger on Marx Does Heidegger really think we need certainty to act? He seems to. Leaving aside the I think frank ludicrousness of the demand, suppose that it's true, and that this stymies ...
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How specifically does Thomas Hurka 'test for the best knowledge'?

Source: p 425 Middle Left. Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 3. The Well-Rounded Life (The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 84, No. 12 (...
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Why opines Jean Vanier that Aristotle could not see human evolution as a growth towards greater justice, because he lacked compassion?

Source: p 421 Middle Right. Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: p 187. Made for Happiness: Discovering the Meaning of Life with Aristotle ...
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What if you get married to dust bunnies? [closed]

If you get married to dust bunnies, is it okay for the priest to say "until the vacuum cleaner do you apart." during the ceremony? Or similar cases where people marry inanimate objects. Would this ...
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Where is the line between “need” and “greed”? [closed]

"Greed" is an ethics question (in my mind), and this seems the closest Stack Exchange forum for ethics questions. This is also my first question, so I expect lots of corrections. I hear of socio-...
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For Kant, are spider moms that eat their kids immoral?

When we talk about morality, do we mean to say morality for human beings? It is morally bad for human mothers to eat their newborns. Black widow spiders females eat some of their newborns after ...
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Deontological analysis of “voting your conscience”

What factors play into a deontological analysis of voting your conscience? i.e. voting for a candidate who highly aligns with your positions, but doesn't have a chance of winning, vs. a less ideal, ...
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Is the death penalty a nihilistic solution to a crime?

The death penalty serves as an orthogonal solution to limiting the occurrence of an offence within society. It neither gives the perpetrator the opportunity to learn from their mistakes, nor does it ...
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59 views

What ethical system did the USA implement in its constitution and why?

A teacher of mine said recently that the USA and UK favor a utilitarian ethical system - but I didn't find any sources supporting this claim. EDIT To provide additional context: We were talking about ...
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Are moral theories arbitrary?

So far, I've concluded for me that moral is only based on axioms. And those axioms are essentially arbitrary as the axioms in mathematics are. Hence, I've to choose my axiom system, e.g. be an ...
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Are all ethical systems consequentialist?

Quoting Milton Friedman here "If the end does not justify the means, what does? But this easy answer does not dispose of the objection; it simply shows that the objection is not well put. To ...
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On a kantian perspective, is it morally wrong to find a terrible event in our history very interesting?

I feel currently a personal dilemma: I find events like the Abu Grahib torture scandal highly interesting, especially under what circumstances people do such terrible things. At least, when i only ...
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What is feminist care ethics?

I've heard the term thrown around, but I haven't gotten a good explanation of the core tenets of that particular branch of ethics. Can anyone explain, in plain English, what it is?
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Is there a way to objectively determine which is the better default choice? Kill injure person and damage a car and a tree or kill several people

Is there a way to objectively determine which is better? Kill injure person and damage a car and a tree or kill several people. After reading this story about people preferring to save 10 people, but ...
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Recommend some philosophy books please? [duplicate]

The eBook website I use is buk.io Can you guys recommend me some philosophy books so I can read for self-improvement purposes? http://buk.io/@27531/cover How is this one?
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How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
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Would it be ethical to make a bot that would answer stack exchange questions? [closed]

Lets say the bot would be markov chain based and trained on the answers given previously on that tag. Would the answer to this question be different if it was based on neural networks? Would this ...
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265 views

What is mauvaise foi as it relates to ethics? Philosophy?

The title says it all. I know it means 'bad faith' but I'm really looking for a more concrete explanation of what it means and how it relates to ethics. Additionally, it would be helpful to understand ...
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Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
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Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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Does anti-discrimination contradict free will?

Does anti-discrimination imposed by laws, or as a universally held position and imposed by society, contradict the idea of free will? Take for example: In a business context, choosing to not ...
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Why did Jeremy Bentham call the english law a “Demon of Chicane”?

I'm wondering why Bentham called the old english law a "Demon of Chicane". Is it because the law preferred rich people over poor people?
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Are social justice perspectives more often agent-centered or patient-centered deontology?

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on deontology, there are two main types of deontology - agent-centered and patient-centered. Which kind are social justice views of ...
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Is there injustice in division of labour?

The division of labour is a "micro-level" as well as a societal phenomenon. It means that different individuals are "coerced" into doing different parts of larger projects and that the labour is ...
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How can I be a philosopher [closed]

In this our age of information, i discover that every one is clamming to be a philosopher because of little experience they have or acquire in school or even by friend. And in this information age ...
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As a Utilitarian why should I not kill myself to donate my organs and save a few other lives?

It seems that it improves the overall utility assuming we are all equal. Edit: Seems that calculating the utility improvement is not that simple. How many organs you might be able to donate is ...
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How does deontological ethics deal with actions that aren't “wrong”?

Deontological ethics, as far as I'm aware of derives morality from the actions rather than the consequences. But what if the action in question isn't necessarily right or wrong? Suppose Kant walked ...
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Does Mill make pain a required feature for experiencing pleasure?

In Mill's proof of utilitarianism, he defines happiness as: "Not a continuity of highly pleasurable excitement, but moments of such, in an existence made up of few but transitory pains, many and ...
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Is it a good argument in utilitarianism that you should always be truthful because you might later change your values?

I was thinking that one might justify lying because using his values he can maximize the utility of all people in the future by doing so. But then this came to my mind that what if someone changes his ...
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Is truth telling important or just having good intentions is enough? [closed]

Are good intentions enough to warrant not telling the truth? I am especially interested in when we've already lied, and the point in question is whether we should confess. Do any philosophers write ...
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Kill the last of a species to save one child?

On 30 May 2016 a gorilla was killed after a small child fell into its enclosure at the Cincinnati Zoo. The type of gorilla was a Western Lowland Gorilla, which are endangered. Now, what if the ...
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Within a duty based framework, are apologies contingent on the harmed party's acknowledgement of or contrition for wrongdoing?

During the debate on whether Obama should apologise for the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as some people making trolley problem style comments about how many would have been ...
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Should individual moral obligations determine government policy?

So, there are plenty of arguments out there that argue that since governments do not possess intentionality, are not the origin of their actions, and are not self-aware of their actions or their ...
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Aristotelian views on Justice and Equality

Aristotle discusses two types of justice - one, more general justice that concerns having all the virtues, and a second justice concerning how a state should act. He believes, if I'm not mistaken, ...
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Can donation or charity be a big mistake

Suppose I donate my eyes at an eye bank. The eyes are implanted to a rapist who uses it for doing all wrong things with them, then it is not good. Isn't donating without knowing the recipient a ...
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My Car, She Was Driving, Who Pays the Lapsed Registration Ticket? [closed]

The title sums the situation up pretty well. My friend was out driving in my car (with my permission) when the car received a ticket (while parked--she wasn't in the car) for a lapsed registration. ...
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How can a utilitarian argue against a “stealing from the rich and giving to the poor” scenario?

Imagine that a person steals money from a rich company without the company noticing and gives it to charities that give food to refugees. I can argue that since the money that is stolen from the ...
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Poison and antidote gambit morality problem. If the antidote is sold at fair price, and all negative impacts blocked, what is moral?

The poison and antidote gambit is a frequently used trope in zombie and outbreak fictions, where a poison was distributed followed by selling the antidote at lucrative price as a means to generate ...