Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Why is Nietzsche considered a philosopher - but not Whitman?

Reading Whitmans epic - The Leaves of Grass recently; I was so struck by his language and it's similarity to Nietzsches that I suspected that he had been influenced or read him. For example: I ...
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Where do I find the impartial spectator?

Rawls mentions, in A Theory of Justice that Classical Utilitarianism leant on the conception of the disinterested, yet sympathetic man: The most natural way of arriving at Utilitarianism is by ...
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Difference between ethics and morals - citable definition

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
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Laws are made for humans .But does everyone really classify as a human?

By law , the worst criminals may be pardoned on grounds of mercy,.etc. But generally if an animal attacks a human (kills),it is (most often) put down. So my question is "Shouldnt there be rules to ...
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Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution?

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
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Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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Claim that we shouldn't give homeless people money because they will “spend it on drugs/alcohol”?

Every time that I run into a homeless person, which is frequently, I give them whatever change or spare bills (almost always $1 but occasionally, $5 or $10) that I have on me because I believe that a ...
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What are real life examples that can be applied to formalism?

Immanuel Kant states: “So act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an end, and never as only a means.” He also regards that actions have moral worth if the ...
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How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
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Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil [closed]

Why is the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil forbidden by G-d in Genesis?
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Concerning the integrity of some logical syllogisms on moral subjectivism and ice-cream

I understand moral subjectivism to be the meta-ethical idea that all moral statements are merely expressions of the individual and thus that there are no moral statements that are implicitly ...
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How can ethics being subjective and relative be justified?

I have always believed that ethics belongs to the realm of reason and it is absolute. A rational human being should be able to arrive to a natural code of conduct. However, nowadays I see many people ...
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Having a difficult time understanding ethical formalism

I am reading several online definitions of ethical formalism and I'm still having a difficult time understanding it. For example: "Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are ...
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Are there limits to freedom in a democratic society?

That is of course not taking into account the direct physical harm of another. "This, then, is one note of liberty which all democrats affirm to be the principle of their state. Another is that ...
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I and Thou, Martin Buber and Carl Rodgers

Rodgers seems to have taken up Buber's semantics to the level of the Self and the Transcendent, the impenetrable mystery of each particular expression of human nature in its most humble state. The I ...
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Is torture to prevent a killing an example of the paradox of deontological constraint?

Say one has the chance to prevent the explosion of a weapon of mass destruction (which kills lots of people) by torturing a person. Is that an example of the paradox of deontological constraint (which ...
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If the atoms of a person's body change every x number of years, should the person be prosecuted today for a crime that he/she committed x years ago?

I saw this question somewhere in the Internet(I forgot the source) and I think this forum is a good place to ask it. According to what I know, the atoms in a persons body are replaced every certain ...
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Is an Anarchosocialist a philosophical term or a political term?

I heard the term used by Noam Chomsky to describe himself. Is this his own term or a mash up. Came very late to philosophy, and I see possible links to the under pinnings of Anarchism and Socialism.
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Professional ethics - the relative ethics of paying into corruption for the 'greater good'

Disclaimer >> this is for a university essay, so obviously I'm not asking for anyone to write my essay for me :) There is a requirement in our degree we prove we are capable of grasping some ethical ...
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Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
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Is there is no room in the 21st century for a purely “qualitative philosopher”?

Mathematicians and philosophers always say that the universe is written in the language of mathematics. They often justify this by showing that almost everything can be explained mathematically, ...
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203 views

What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?

This isn't a philosophical question; more a question of clarification. Kants second critique, Kritik der Praktischen Vernuft, or Critique of Practical Reason, is actually a work of moral philosophy or ...
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Kant and free will

Could someone explain Kant's view on free will to me? As I understand it, Kant says that it is necessary that we have free will, because otherwise it would be unreasonable to hold people responsible. ...
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Is there an onus on the critic to povide an alternative solution?

In many situations, when someone criticises a procedure, or a policy, a common response is something like "yeah, we know it's crap, but you're not presenting an alternative solution, so shut up". ...
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Is hatred good for anything? [closed]

Hatred, as best as I can define it, is a hardening of the heart fuelled by anger against perceived enemies. Does anything good ever come from anger and hatred? Hatred of enemies sounds like a good ...
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How objective can morality be? [closed]

We all make assumptions, but there are assumptions that we are forced to make if we want to interact with any part of reality. The first is that the universe exists. The second is that the universe is ...
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What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
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120 views

Is it better thing to kill animal not human. Whats the difference?

One human is condemned if he kills another human, but if the same human killed an animal it is not a big deal and you won't even receive jail time (atleast in my country). How did we decided that ...
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Voluntarism justifies seemingly immoral actions? [closed]

If I ask the question: Does all voluntary request cancel possible moral issues? For example: Suppose someone a man voluntary offers himself to be beaten brutally for $20, or to take it to the ...
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Does the imperfection of man imply the imperfection of God?

I'll begin by laying out some some ideas that are considered true for the sake of argument: 1. Given: God Exists 2. Given: God is Perfect 3. Given: Everything God does is good 4. Given: Everything ...
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How would binding soldiers to war against their will, mock a legal system?

Source: Unjust War ..., by PAUL CHRISTOPHER, from Parameters Autumn 1995, pp 4-8. Moreover, it is profoundly arrogant for officers to take the view, as some do, that after the national debate ...
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To what degree are soldiers guilty, for diligently fighting for their corrupted countries?

This question hereafter assumes the following for a 'soldier': 1. The possibility of reprisals deters a soldier against categorical resistance to fight for an evil regime, but suppose at least ...
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Why killing/death is more accepted (morally) than nudity on television/movies? [closed]

Is there any logic why killing/death is more accepted (morally) on television rather than nudity/sex? It seems like a paradox to me the fact that all the laws (in the Occident) have severe punishment ...
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Is there any consensus among philosophers on ethical systems?

It seems that in modern philosophy, there has been less discussion about ethical philosophy and more discussion about linguistics, philosophy of math, etc. Is this because there's some sort of ...
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Isn't human society always self-defeating and imbalanced?

The ideology of many people, especially younger people in various cultures and societies these days, is to make society "equal for everyone"; to give everyone the right to have their opinion and not ...
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Complacency and self hate

Is self hate actually an opponent to conformity and complacency? Isn't amor fati a bit silly when it revolves around comfortably sitting in front of a computer. In my heart do I love only ...
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Is the world motivationally 'ert' or do we need the idea of two directions of fit to explain moral motivation?

In discussions on 'moral motivation' positions like McDowell's are often characterized as proposing the idea of a new mental state: a besire. This is assumingly a state that has the belief-direction ...
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Ontology and Moral Axioms

Would a moral axiom necessarily result from ontology? I define a moral axiom as that which dictates behavior, where the action itself is designated as ethical or not (i.e. the judgment of the ...
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Is Machiavelli's “The Prince” an immoral book?

Machiavelli's The Prince advocates immoral actions. Does it? The book's major premise is "...all political thinking is guided by a single fact: humanity is lost, bad and ever ready to display their ...
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What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
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Context of “one tongue but two ears”

I teach once every few weeks for an hour or two to a group of youngsters (ca. age ten). The lesson is provided to me, so it is pretty much cookbook, and is mostly about little activities and ...
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“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
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Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right

I was wondering if the colloquialism of "Two wrongs don't make a right." has been considered anywhere in the ethics literature. Maybe it could interesting to hear where this thought comes from.
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What anthologies might offer introductions to moral philosophy?

After reading the essay "What I believe" by Bertrand Russell, I became very interested in learning more about moral philosophy. What I am now looking for is a collection of writings by different ...
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Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
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Materialist Defense of Existence of Free Choice and Morality. Book rec?

I'm doing a detailed personal study of possible explanations for free will and morality (the existence thereof). My starting impression is that these notions can't exist in a completely material ...
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Would creating a mind designed to feel free while achieving the wants of its creator be unethical?

I'm interested in working on an artificial intelligence with the feeling of "free will". Like us, its "free will" will be confined to the form and features of its mind/brain design. The reason that ...
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How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
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The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...