Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Can one morally justify “wants”, as opposed to needs?

Basic human needs are often defined as food, shelter, and clothing, so for this question I will use this basic definition. I feel at some point in most peoples' lives, they find they have what most ...
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Necessary and sufficient conditions [on hold]

Can anyone plz solve these questions for me? The report makes reference to branches. It must be about a tree. The boxer dosent eat meat of fish. He does eat dairy products and vegetables. The boxer ...
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Does the existence of ethics(as a set of rules) imply lack of empathy in humans?

Suppose we would have enough empathy to understand each other in any circumstance. Wouldn't all the discussion of any problem resolve to free will(of the participants of the problem) only? Would, in ...
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Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...
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Would this morality be truly objective?

I'll be working on the assumption that the general scientific consensus is correct and that the evidence does, indeed, point inescapably towards the fact that we are primates with a well-developed ...
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Lying to donate blood

As a gay man in a committed, stable, monogamous, STD-free relationship, I am ineligible to give blood to any major blood bank unless I lie about my sexual conduct. The wording they ask the question in ...
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Kant (Groundwork of the metaphysic of morals) [on hold]

What sort of law must the will desire if the motivation is to be strictly free of consequences?
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1answer
28 views

How to credit this algorithm in my android app? [closed]

I am using a color comparison algorithm in my android app (not released). The problem is that, how do I even give credit. From what I figured out so far, I am using the java code from here ...
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Is it ok to exterminate species if it is 'invasive'?

I have watched video on youtube where guy pours molten aluminium into fire ant colony to make casing. In the comments below there's huge discussion on is that a right thing to do. Main argument on ...
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What exactly constitutes a good life? [duplicate]

I don't think just being happy is enough to say that I had a good life. It seems like experiencing as much as possible (good and bad) would be a better life than just being happy all the time. What ...
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35 views

birds of a feather flock together and guit by association

There is a saying "birds of a feather flock together" which usually boils down to People of similar character, background, or taste tend to congregate or associate with one another. Yet guilt by ...
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possible conflict of interest by board members [closed]

Should members of a board for a non profit be voting members from another organization that plan to use a product board members represent?
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246 views

Is it ever okay to break a promise?

Is it okay to break a promise? A scenario for you. You and a close friend, known by the nickname Moonlight, have made a promise. This promise is serious and both of you fully understand the ...
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Does the “Lord's Prayer” increase corruption?

Consider this part of the Lord's Prayer: "and forgive (1) us our offenses, as we also have forgiven (2) our offenders" "perdoai (1) as nossas ofensas assim como nós perdoamos (2) a quem nos ...
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12answers
390 views

Is abortion anything to do with choice? [closed]

Can the pro/anti-abortion debate ever be about choice? Is it, in fact, 100% about life? What I'm positing is: if a foetus counts as life, then the same rules apply as with any other life. If a foetus ...
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1answer
27 views

The definition of morality in Divine Command theory?

What is the definition of the morality in divine command theory? What does that mean to say that something is moral or something is immoral?
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2answers
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What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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2answers
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In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
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4answers
219 views

Is it immoral to buy / own / sell stock in an evil company?

Scenario. I have decided that I should not buy widgets from Company X because I do not want to support various immoral things Company X does to produce said widgets. Claim. It is nonetheless morally ...
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Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
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1answer
56 views

What does 'our own intrinsic moral value' mean? [duplicate]

[60% down the page]: [Heading:] Is this [a duty to give] too demanding? Singer's argument is clear, and when you consider the drowning child example, pretty seductive. But it does impose ...
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2answers
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Is the age of Tristan Kurilla (10 year old charged with homicide) relevant to his trial

One of the top news stories today is that of Tristan Kurilla, a fifth-grader from Pennsylvania, who is being charged with criminal homicide after beating a woman to death. Kurilla is currently being ...
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1answer
61 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
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is descartes theory wrong?

why does Descartes say that the pineal gland in the center of the brain is the gateway between our physical bodies and mental spirits? Is there a problem with this theory?
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Descartes argument on animals

what is Descartes argument for why animals are incapable of reasoning and have no soul? is this argument agreeable?
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what is descartes argument for machines?

what is Descartes argument for why even sophisticated machines will never have capacity to reason? and is the argument agreeable?
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Delineation between prescriptive and descriptive ethics

Edit to add another (better?) phrasing I'm looking for information that addresses this question: All prescriptive ethical theories need to be descriptive to at least some degree(1). However, a ...
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63 views

How can one derive naturalistic moral principles without referencing utility?

When considering the derivation of moral principles from a naturalistic point of view, it would seem to me that moral statements can only be conceived of in one way. That is, if we are trying to make ...
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Ethics in social encounter by individuals protected from low quality products

Given a bad situation in a business interaction what do the systems of ethics say about the interactions? What are the ethics involved in social encounters by individuals protected from low quality ...
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1answer
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Should websites display our private information without asking us?

I mean our main chat environments, such as Facebook and Gmail. Displaying the fact that I have read the message at 4:20 pm, or making my status "available" without asking me. And also trying ...
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1answer
109 views

How does free will defense of God's benevolence work?

The purpose of the defense is to show that omniscient, omnipotent and benevolent God is consistent with the existence of evil in creation. The most popular version of the defense is due to Alvin ...
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Thought-experiment: pick a criminal from a lineup [closed]

This is my first post in philosophy.stackexchange, so hello! First, I would like to ask whether the audience thinks my question below is appropriate here, or if it is merely an opinion question. To ...
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102 views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
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Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
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If a person is discriminated against, and they are not aware, is it truly discrimination and/or unjust?

I began discussing whether sexism was independent of culture, and the topic moved on to women in middle-eastern countries that may be required to wear some type of veil. Someone argued, if they were ...
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Counter-arguments for the Frankfurt cases

I am looking for critique or good counter-arguments specifically for the Frankfurt cases. The Frankfurt cases are in turn: counterexamples to the "principle of alternative possibilities", or ...
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3answers
124 views

Is it moral to kill a baby? [closed]

Assuming that heaven exists and that the death of a baby automatically gets him/her to heaven, is it moral to kill your own baby?
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9answers
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Arguments for moral realism?

I would like to hear some good arguments for moral realism. Most that I find online is based on "If you don't believe in objective values, then murder is okay". While this might seem frightening, I ...
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Aristotle- Is a focus on virtue beneficial for individuals and society? [closed]

Should we all be following Aristotle's ethics to have a good human life? Should we constantly exercise virtue? Is this good for individuals and society?
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Regarding Ethical systems

What are the differences between morals and ethics ? Are morals standards of behaviour that everybody in a certain group can agree on or is that an ethical code of behaviour? To the Vikings doing the ...
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The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
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2answers
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On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
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Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
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Scenario: is this moral?

Assume the following two scenarios: A person kills a random person for the fun of it. A person kills a mad bomber who was about to push the trigger that will blow up a building, killing thousands of ...
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Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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Schadenfreud as a way out of amorality

Theodor Adorno, defined Schadenfreude as "largely unanticipated delight in the suffering of another which is cognized as trivial and/or appropriate." Nietzsche comments that Schadenfreude ...
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What is the name of the following logical fallacy ? Is it really a fallacy?

Suppose, person A fires person B because B behaved unethically and ignored the company's code of conduct. A, however, did not have enough evidence. He later did find evidence, but that doesn't justify ...
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About 'morality' related to a finite existence [closed]

If a person believes this finite existence is all there is that is 'real'; what types of 'moral' or 'ethical' principles would that person 'form' or utilize in daily life ? The thing is if someone is ...
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9answers
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Is it unethical to pass unwanted unhealthy food to others while I want to consume only healthy food?

Occasionally I end up with unhealthy food items like sweets, snacks and ice cream. As I am trying to live a healthy life, I avoid these foods in general. However, I also don't want to throw them away. ...
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The problem of evil in secular philosophy

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...