Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Materialist Defense of Existence of Free Choice and Morality. Book rec?

I'm doing a detailed personal study of possible explanations for free will and morality (the existence thereof). My starting impression is that these notions can't exist in a completely material ...
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Would creating a mind designed to feel free while achieving the wants of its creator be unethical?

I'm interested in working on an artificial intelligence with the feeling of "free will". Like us, its "free will" will be confined to the form and features of its mind/brain design. The reason that ...
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How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
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discerning among ethics morality principles virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in even my own language, eventually, could anyone possibly throw a light on them, specially in such a way that I could differentiate between them better, as I have ...
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32 views

Bibliography on Ethics in Science

Can you please recommend basic bibliography for an introduction to ethics in science ? In particular, if it is clear that there is a project that looks interesting, but clearly it might be used for ...
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103 views

If God existed, but there were no afterlife, would anybody obey? [closed]

I'm wondering how much religious striving and effort at following God's word is due to the fact that there is usually some sort of eternal carrot and stick waiting for us at our demise? What if we ...
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36 views

Can Aristotles characterisation of courage be extended to include Paranoia and Euphoria

Aristotle in the Nichomaen Ethics works in triads; he has a triadic notion of courage, whose extremities are recklessness and cowardice. Thes are all natural notions of character. However, there are ...
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58 views

Would Kant support providing a living wage? [closed]

In high school debate, we have resolutions or topics. This year's topic is, "Just governments ought to require employers to provide a living wage." A living wage would be defined as the minimum income ...
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'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
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Could 'ought' be defined as sentimentalism?

The traditional definition of ought is "moral obligation" as defined by multiple online dictionaries. Some authors, like Harris, have defined ought as maximizing expected well being (a fancy way of ...
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Does being hypocritical or inconsistent invalidate an argument?

While logic is quite important for many things, it seems that many arguments are "won" or "lost" not based on the soundness or lack-thereof of the arguments, but by auxiliary desiderata that I will ...
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40 views

What are the legitimate domains of humanitarian action?

I was wondering if there are domains where Humanitarian organizations could totally justify their interventions, in opposite of course with those where they couldn't. What intrigued me was the French ...
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151 views

Is there a set of basic moral “rules”, outside of religion or culture, that all intelligent life might theoretically agree on?

Any time I consider asking a question involving "right" or "wrong", moral values at even the most basic level (like "don't needlessly hurt people"), I stop myself, deciding that the question would be ...
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1answer
110 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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31 views

Is there a useful, nominally calculable, secular description of good?

I'm looking for something like a generally applicable algorithm for determining which of several possible choices is 'most good'. Some qualifications for that algorithm should be that: (a) it is ...
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1answer
27 views

Utilitarianism and liberty

This is most likely a stupid question, but it has been on my mind for a really long time now. We think of utilitarianism as saying "action X is right if it promotes happiness and wrong if if it ...
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1answer
80 views

What did Nietzsche mean by monsters and the abyss?

What do you think Nietzsche meant by "Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look long into an abyss, the abyss also looks into you." ...
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Is Simmons a consequentialist while Rawls a non-consequentialist?

Rawls defined Civil Disobedience as a Public,Political and Non-Violent act;while Simmons rejects all of these criterion but defines Civil Disobedience as a Deliberate,Principled(done for a political) ...
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31 views

How would Kant respond? [closed]

I was wondering how Kant would respond to these sorts of questions. "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without ...
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45 views

How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
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3answers
146 views

Why do we do what a police officer tells us to do?

Why do we do what a police officer tells us to do? Why should we do what a police officer tells us? I realized I don't have a satisfactory answer to this after engaging in a related conversation ...
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1answer
73 views

Are public trials ethical?

A lot of us may remember Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, George Zimmerman, and the the recent cases about police misconduct. In each of these cases, the individuals were found not guilty by a jury of their ...
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44 views

What does it mean to be responsible to the Other? How does our responsibility to the Other diminish an insistence on identity and self-hood? [closed]

This is a question I'm having a difficult time understanding for my Philosophy course. I know it has to do with Derrida and Levinas and I know it has to do with the ideas of the Same and the Other. ...
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3answers
69 views

Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
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3answers
94 views

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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What would Socrates have said if the trolley problem was asked to him?

Imagine a situation a wagon carrier asked to Socrates a variation of the Trolley Problem. What will be the Socrates' answer in terms of being just and being a good man?
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Can one morally justify “wants”, as opposed to needs?

Basic human needs are often defined as food, shelter, and clothing, so for this question I will use this basic definition. I feel at some point in most peoples' lives, they find they have what most ...
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Does the existence of ethics(as a set of rules) imply lack of empathy in humans?

Suppose we would have enough empathy to understand each other in any circumstance. Wouldn't all the discussion of any problem resolve to free will(of the participants of the problem) only? Would, in ...
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1answer
73 views

Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...
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117 views

Would this morality be truly objective?

I'll be working on the assumption that the general scientific consensus is correct and that the evidence does, indeed, point inescapably towards the fact that we are primates with a well-developed ...
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6answers
191 views

Lying to donate blood

As a gay man in a committed, stable, monogamous, STD-free relationship, I am ineligible to give blood to any major blood bank unless I lie about my sexual conduct. The wording they ask the question in ...
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1answer
32 views

How to credit this algorithm in my android app? [closed]

I am using a color comparison algorithm in my android app (not released). The problem is that, how do I even give credit. From what I figured out so far, I am using the java code from here ...
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Is it ok to exterminate species if it is 'invasive'?

I have watched video on youtube where guy pours molten aluminium into fire ant colony to make casing. In the comments below there's huge discussion on is that a right thing to do. Main argument on ...
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What exactly constitutes a good life? [duplicate]

I don't think just being happy is enough to say that I had a good life. It seems like experiencing as much as possible (good and bad) would be a better life than just being happy all the time. What ...
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birds of a feather flock together and guit by association

There is a saying "birds of a feather flock together" which usually boils down to People of similar character, background, or taste tend to congregate or associate with one another. Yet guilt by ...
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possible conflict of interest by board members [closed]

Should members of a board for a non profit be voting members from another organization that plan to use a product board members represent?
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330 views

Is it ever okay to break a promise?

Is it okay to break a promise? A scenario for you. You and a close friend, known by the nickname Moonlight, have made a promise. This promise is serious and both of you fully understand the ...
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Does the “Lord's Prayer” increase corruption?

Consider this part of the Lord's Prayer: "and forgive (1) us our offenses, as we also have forgiven (2) our offenders" "perdoai (1) as nossas ofensas assim como nós perdoamos (2) a quem nos ...
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12answers
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Is abortion anything to do with choice? [closed]

Can the pro/anti-abortion debate ever be about choice? Is it, in fact, 100% about life? What I'm positing is: if a foetus counts as life, then the same rules apply as with any other life. If a foetus ...
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33 views

The definition of morality in Divine Command theory?

What is the definition of the morality in divine command theory? What does that mean to say that something is moral or something is immoral?
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What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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111 views

In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
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4answers
235 views

Is it immoral to buy / own / sell stock in an evil company?

Scenario. I have decided that I should not buy widgets from Company X because I do not want to support various immoral things Company X does to produce said widgets. Claim. It is nonetheless morally ...
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Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
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64 views

What does 'our own intrinsic moral value' mean? [duplicate]

[60% down the page]: [Heading:] Is this [a duty to give] too demanding? Singer's argument is clear, and when you consider the drowning child example, pretty seductive. But it does impose ...
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229 views

Is the age of Tristan Kurilla (10 year old charged with homicide) relevant to his trial

One of the top news stories today is that of Tristan Kurilla, a fifth-grader from Pennsylvania, who is being charged with criminal homicide after beating a woman to death. Kurilla is currently being ...
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Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
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is descartes theory wrong?

why does Descartes say that the pineal gland in the center of the brain is the gateway between our physical bodies and mental spirits? Is there a problem with this theory?
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Descartes argument on animals

what is Descartes argument for why animals are incapable of reasoning and have no soul? is this argument agreeable?