Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Intrinsically versus necessarily

The weakest normal modal logic, named K in honor of Saul Kripke, is simply the propositional calculus augmented by □, the rule N, and the axiom K. K is weak in that it fails to determine ...
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Ayn Rand and “rationality”

When I was new to the internet, I found Rand fascinating - in an objectionable, quite horrid way. I find her prose quite gaudily turgid, but that's not what I mean: it seemed there was something ...
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Is moral value innate, or just non-accidental?

It seems most moral philosophers say that morality needs intrinsic value Intrinsic value has traditionally been thought to lie at the heart of ethics. Philosophers use a number of terms to refer ...
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How do moral nihilists and realists define “morality”?

According to Wikipedia, Moral nihilism (also known as ethical nihilism) is the meta-ethical view that nothing is intrinsically moral or immoral. While Moral realism (also ethical realism) ...
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Are human lives always more important than animal lives?

Imagine a case: there is a fire in a house, there is a person and my pet dog and you only have enough time to save one. Which one should you should rescue? I think most people would choose the ...
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Is there a school of thought that considers human less significant than other beings?

When discussing animal rights with friends, we talked about Anthropocentrism, Biocentrism and Ecocentrism. We were wondering if there is a school of thought that is the opposite of Anthropocentrism, ...
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Who (else) dislikes rights?

I continually run across arguments where people fail to understand that morality is not always and automatically about rights per se, and particularly not necessarily about the intellectual equivalent ...
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Can any consensual activity be wrong?

What are the philosophical arguments / frameworks that view at least seemingly consensual activities (e.g incest, killing (assisted suicide), mutilation, gay sex ) involving one or more autonomous ...
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Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (Ibdont think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since ...
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Does it even make sense to say pleasure has an innate value

I know that Nietzsche claims that some moral systems place too much value on pleasure, and that it isn't innately valuable like they claim. I keep being struck by the idea that it having innate value ...
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Ethics of time travel

Has anyone addressed the ethics of time travel? Time travel looks like a gold mine for moral dilemmas, but I don't know of anyone who addresses these issues. For example: Am I morally obligated to ...
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Whole Brain Emulation - what is a being [duplicate]

As we approach the age of artificial intelligence, I was curious about whole brain emulation. If a brain and consciousnesses is uploaded to a computer, is it still the same person, even if it was ...
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82 views

Can I steal my organs back? [closed]

What ethical standards or well-known arguments address the conflict between reclaiming property taken from me against my will (in a word, "stolen"), and honoring the right to life of the person ...
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Is there a moral requirement that associations of people have an appeals process?

given the existence of any group of persons, can it be argued that it is necessary to have a process where a member can appeal decisions when one is stonewalled by members of the group who hold ...
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What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

I just wanted to thank you all for your input! I used Epicurus and Maslow to support my position and refuted the opposing arguments based on the fact they couldn't possibly meet the Epicurian criteria ...
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4answers
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Aristotelian ethicst definition of right action?

i was watching the Philosophy for Beginners by Marianne Talbot and in session 3 about ethics she was describing the idea of Aristotle about the right action and it say the right action is the act ...
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Kantian ethics. What are the basic ethical problems that Kantian ethics confronts, and the solution that it provides [closed]

I'm in an ethics course and I'm trying to study for the final. What is the ethical problem that Kantian ethics confronts and what is the solution? So far I understand that the problem has to do ...
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129 views

What ethical system would allow saving one at the expense of many?

I was playing a Jedi in a Star Wars game (SWTOR to be exact) and I was placed in an urgent situation where I could use my powers to save either a woman, or data cubes of medical information that could ...
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How to not be bothered by anything ever again? [closed]

Is there some realistic procedure for a human to follow such that nothing will ever bother them again and they will still be alive? I would be very much interested in this.
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Moral Justification of Violence

I had repercussions over an argument in class of the inevitability of war, and violence in some instances. I was on the side that was arguing that violence is never necessary. My opponent said ...
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Utilitarian Argument Against Necrophillia

Under Utilitarianism, as defined by John Stewart Mill, would there be a coherent argument against necrophilia? It seems that, because no one is being harmed, and no relevant consequences would ensue ...
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That which is necessary is moral?

"That which is necessary is legal" is a doctrine practiced by sane states, so I would like to believe. What has been said about "That which is necessary is moral"?
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1answer
48 views

Does a consistent theory of retributive punishment require belief in freewill? [duplicate]

Is it "possible" to accept a retributive theory of punishment, while simultaneously accepting a deterministic view of human behavior? Is belief in freewill a necessary condition for a belief that ...
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Does this sacrifice dilemma has a name and has been studied by anyone?

The dilemma is the following. There's a button, if you press it, the world will get fixed by curing aids, cancer, fixing world hunger, homelessness, etc. HOWEVER You will die in 6 hours and receive no ...
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Integral Calculus and Utilitarianism

I came across this image relating calculus to happiness. It's obviously not meant to be particularly serious, but I was nevertheless inclined to give it some thought. The integral concept in ...
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Is it ethical to consume pirated content for understanding references rather than direct enjoyment? [closed]

E.g. a guy watching torrented Fifty Shades of Gray to understand what are the people on the internet fussed/excited about.
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Books to self-study Immanuel Kant

I am impressed by Kant's moral or nominative laws- hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative as well as the three versions of the categorical imperative. I want to grasp whatever Kant ...
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Is it wise to kill an insect just because it is bothering you [closed]

Is it wise to kill an insect just because it is wandering around your apartment or just because it is bothering you. I've seen peoples killing small insects just because it is ...
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Consolation rather than justification

It seems that philosophy is usually involved in justifying claims. Does it profer any consolation? Have any philosophers written on the idea of "consolation" or indeed tried to console us?
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Is a Noble Lie Possible? [closed]

Plato describes a noble lie in Republic as a falsehood which should be perpetuated for a greater good. I am thinking of a marksman that leads his moving target such that his shot is accurate. The ...
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2answers
168 views

How do utilitarians avoid ethical totalitarianism?

Utilitarianism, when dealing with the question of what is the best course of action for a whole group (community, country, society as whole, etc...), states that the maximum benefit for the maximum ...
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Aristotle's thought on souls in Nicomachean Ethics

I have read such a passage in Nicomachean Ethics : Such a life would be too high for man; for it is not in so far as he is man that he will live so, but in so far as something divine is present in ...
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What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics BK IV. Chapter 4, he describes the virtue of smaller honours. He notes that the person can be either ambitious for smaller honours or balanced for them. I am curious ...
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Voices Regarding The Ethics of Advancing The Idea of Love [closed]

Intimate relationships are known to lead to murder. All homicide investigators immediately seek information on the deceased persons lovers. Those lovers are then the initial suspects. This is what ...
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What could be the rationale for altruism, besides egoism? [duplicate]

X is man who devotes his entire life to helping others. However, he lives a miserable life, and he hates it. X is not empathetic: he doesn't suffer because of other's suffering. Moreover, he is ...
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A form of appealing to nature?

I'm wondering if you could say that this is a from of the Natural fallacy: Example 1: Evolution has made us omnivorous, therefore eating meat is correct. Example 2: Animals eat animals, I'm an ...
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Do we have a right to die? [closed]

From the starting assumption that we have certain legal and human rights (as discussed here and here), such as the right to life, then does it follow that we also have a corresponding right to die? ...
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What role can guilt play in Act Utilitarianism?

If Bentham did posit guilt as pain that most would feel when doing wrong by others, then surely Utilitarianism would be unnecessary due to Bentham's own work on the motivation of Human Beings. ...
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What is the difference between emotivism and quasi-realism

I'm not sure what the difference between Emotivism and Quasi-realism are. According to Wikipedia, Emotivism is '...a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions ...
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Do we have to value possibilities just because they are possible?

I want to specify my question to theism (it should apply to all ideas) as an example. Some people believe in theism. The sole reason why they believe is because someone else believes it too and ...
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Does knowing the consequences of an action change the ethics of doing it?

So the most common example of this question relates to hunting and eating meat. Many people eat meat, hunter or not. People who do not hunt understand on a basic level that meat comes from a ...
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“No morality, only that which actually happens”

Is there a name in the philosophical literature to the belief I hold, namely that moral statements, even if true, are useless, since just because something is good doesn't mean it will happen? And ...
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If we all came from Adam and Eve [closed]

How many descendants are required before sexual relations is no longer incest ? This is an ethical question, and is based on most societal systems rejecting incest, however if you follow the logic, ...
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Capital punishment and morality

I'm surprised this never came up. For me, capital punishment may or may not have its place, but if it does then it acts to absolve the punished individual of their guilt. Sometimes this is preferable ...
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Why does philosophy exist?

If Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. As defined by Wikipedia. Then if ...
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Men Incarcerated 10x More Than Women in USA [closed]

What does this mean? Does anyone know of any studies on this phenomenon? Are we to believe that men are 10x more immoral and/or misbehaving than women? Or, are men held to a different standard? ...
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Is it defensible to offend a group of people when they cling to horrendous ideas?

Several organized or semi-organized groups of people in the world have really horrendous ideas, and react disproportionally strongly to any critique. I think most readers can agree with that ...
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Are Nietzsche's “higher men” men of principle

Are Nietzsche's "higher men" men of principle - in their value judgments? Or do their principles extend only to meta-ethical claims, such as the will to power, the existence of higher and lower ...
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Should one prioritize other's life over his own?

Let's consider the following situation: You are a teacher in a school. A serious fire breaks out in your classroom during your class. All of the students are able to get out except for your ...
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Should philosophy focus more on 'ought' questions?

I'll preface the question with the fact that I don't mean to sound accusatory. I'm not widely studied in philosophy so for all I know this could be an area where philosophy is already having a ...