Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Is something “stupid” because it has no intelligence?

One often hears that physical things are called "stupid" by other people. For example: "That stupid chair broke yesterday!". In such an occasion I'm always thinking how can something be "stupid" if ...
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Is it intellectually dishonest for an atheist to become a Freemason

Concern I am debating the merits of becoming a Freemason. My interest is primarily out of curiosity, and finding a social group to join that isn't a gun club or church group. Not that I don't enjoy ...
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Can utilitiarianism require informed consent?

Background In 2014, it was revealed that Facebook had manipulated news feeds to study emotions. Facebook did not go through any sort of ethical review at the time and has been criticized for this and ...
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Is the Golden Rule only half of the story?

One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated. The rule is self-referential and entirely independent of "other". One should not treat others in ways that one ...
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What are the ethical issues specific to the coercive treatment of schizophrenia?

Are there many ethical issues specific to forced psychiatric treatment of the schizo? I'm guessing there's a few, if the failure of psychoanalysis to treat the schizophrenic represents a failure of ...
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How does Badiou summarise Levinas' approach to ethics?

In Badiou’s opening paragraphs he offers an account of Lévinas’s concern with philosophy and its hostility to an ethical relation to the Other. In Badiou’s characterisation of Lévinas, why is it ...
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38 views

Are religions at the end more humble comparing with the more Asian streams?

The three monotheistic religions all have a God who provides commandments and rules which are to be obeyed. In Asian religions like Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism there isn't such a God who gives ...
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102 views

Has any philosopher, ever, claimed that the life of some people is of no value whatsoever?

Has any philosopher, ever, claimed that the life of some people is of no value whatsoever? Not just that someone is e.g. dangerous, but some people can have no moral claim whatsoever to life? ...
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Can anyone tell me if I interpreted Schopenhauers ethic correctly?

May anyone please help me if I interpreted Schopenhauers ethics correctly/have forgotten something important: "Important for the ethics of schopenhauer is the egoism - because you see yourself as the ...
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42 views

Dasein is or isn't responsible, isn't accountable: so what?

I was looking at this The Origins of Responsibility By François Raffoul It's not immediately clear what it means to be responsible but not accountable. Is it just the very loud claim that ...
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36 views

Conflict among the religions pertaining to death and afterlife [closed]

I am from India and have got an exposure to the Vedic culture (Hinduism) and also I'm a practitioner of it but I have always been fascinated with other religions which are practiced in different ...
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42 views

Why is killing animal for food OK? [closed]

Vegetarian is in minority (I think, and I'm no vegetarian either), and I think most people accept that killing animals (e.g. chicken, sheep, cattles) just because we want to eat their meat is ...
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In defense of consequentalism

Deontologists such as Thomas Nagel say Consequentialism permits actions that aim at evil, which is why it is a false theory. If a (moral) Theory permits actions that aim at evil then it is wrong. ...
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Would selective partitioning of human transplant material in favor of a less desirable alternative based on history of nutrition be ethical?

So I was watching a video today that informed me that pig hearts have been genetically engineered to force compatibility with primates. This logical leap leads me to think "Wow that could be used for ...
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47 views

The morals of passivity

Listening to Justice with Michael Sandel, he talks about the trolley problem. In the first case he talks about the classic problem where you are on a tram, and you can steer it towards either a group ...
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73 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
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Can we be ethical and still deny someone a health procedure or treatment, even if the procedure or treatment is necessary?

Recently, I have been getting in conversations with people who are politically active. The main discussion point I find myself struggling to be able to answer is the ethics of single-payer health care ...
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Is laziness and sloth a behavioural problem only?

I'd perhaps be better off asking on cogsci stackexchange. But, can laziness and sloth be a behavioural problem only? Or does it always implicate a cognitive / affective deficiency? Given that the ...
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102 views

Why is having a child and killing it worse than just not having it?

Consider these two scenarios: Parent(s) have a child. Mother and father realize they cannot feed the child, so they kill it. Parent(s) think about having a child, but realize that they will not be ...
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Why are equality and fairness valued so highly?

Some philosophies, such as Egalitarianism, highly value equality and fairness. My question is, why? What is so great about equality and fairness? For example, the Soviet Union was much more equal ...
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What is the Kantian reason to release a slave?

Suppose it is 1790 and I have inherited a slave. I have been reading this new book Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, and I trying to act according to the categorical imperative. I am ...
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1answer
35 views

Are there any school of thought share the same answer with me to veil of ignorance?

I am in a law school now. The teacher taught us the thought experiment of "veil of ignorance" / "original position" in a Tort Law lecture. This was my first time hearing such idea. My answer to the ...
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Kant's ethics and the Inquiring Murderer

Kant argues that you should not lie to the Inquiring Murderer because if lying is taken to be a principle and then universalized, it leads to a contradiction (namely, nobody would believe the liar). ...
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Arguments against “if I don't, someone else will”

Im looking at a class of problems where a person thinks in the line of: "Ok, what i am doing might be wrong. But if stop this activity, someone else will take my position. Therefore, it is not wrong ...
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How to judge ethically? [closed]

In my opinion the correct way on approaching a person which is doing something wrong is to judge their behavior, rather than them as a person. Compare for instance: Option A: John you are an absolute ...
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What ethical problems would recreating Neanderthals from preserved / extrapolated DNA raise?

Watching this Debate on Extinctions, I was struck by the fact that the assembled panel seemed to have no clear consensus on the morality of recreating Neanderthals, even though most of them seemed to ...
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41 views

Altrusim and its defenders

What are the best articles in defence of altruism? I've read lots of articles about objectivism but I could not find a consistent article which defends altruism. Could you suggest some because I want ...
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60 views

Aristotle on Voluntary Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide

Aristotle greatly emphasizes the influence of the master, or he who possesses the greatest amount of practical wisdom. It is this master that we should turn to in order to determine the most virtuous ...
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70 views

Should the debate about the ethics of meat consumption focus around sentience and the ability to suffer?

I have been reading a little bit about the problem of consuming meat ethically. As much as I find the ethical argument compelling I have some reservations regarding the inconsistency with which it ...
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How can one rebut the argument that atheism is inherently immoral?

It not uncommon to see religious people arguing that without the moral center of a religious text, true ethics are impossible. The reasoning goes that, without a fixed moral center, atheists are ...
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Is it possible to measure the “rightness” of moral thought?

Fifty years ago it was widely believed in Europe that homosexuality was an awful perversion that should be cured or, failing that, punished. A hundred years ago it was widely believed in Europe that ...
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59 views

Is there any solution to hate speech vs free speech argument?

I saw a flyer for a talk about this on a college campus. I am thinking of hate speech as specific names that are intended to harm. Initially, there has to be a motivation for making hate speech. ...
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154 views

Has atheism answered this criticism of the moral philosophy “do as you would be done by”?

Many atheists who recognise society's need for a moral philosophy propose that the soundest workable one is "do as you would be done by". (Nicolas Walter, Colin Ward.) This philosophy is open to the ...
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Is a mudslinger argument a regress?

Consider this situation: Politician A "slings mud" at Politician B. Politician B accuses Politician A of being a mudslinger Politician A accuses B of being a hypocrite since accusing someone of ...
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(How) Does philosophy make you a better moral agent?

Where (literature) would you recommend I start if I wanted to explore the intuition that the practice of philosophy makes/could (if proper) make philosophers better moral agents? Thanks.
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What risk should we tolerate in accepting (im)migrants?

Here is a question that I've had to simplify and idealise to the point that it no longer corresponds exactly to any real-world situation. However, I think it still captures a very important and ...
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what is the difference between classical political philosophy and modern political philosophy?

I'd like to know the major changes that happened that lead to the change in thought, and what veered modern political philosophy away from the concept of city and man to the concept of natural science ...
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Can you feel a feeling you don't know about? Could it affect your emotions?

So, do you believe someone can feel lonely if they don't know what loneliness is? Don't you think people don't like / like loneliness based on experience (someone who never gets to be alone usually ...
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Is Selfishness ethical or unethical? [closed]

I have always seen people first care for themselves and then for others. On the contrary, it doesn't seem wrong as self-interest is indispensable. But is acting for own interest and not caring about ...
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At which point is an insult no longer ad hominem?

During an argument with some people, I come to the conclusion that they are either stupid, ignorant or liars. Let's imagine that we have 2 guys discussing what color they should be painting a room. ...
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Is it self-evident that utilitarianism requires altruism, provided it does require altruism?

I've seen this way too often. People who claim themselves utilitarianists use the utilitarian argument to support their own end, but shy away when they just give to the common good. Sure, this shows ...
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69 views

Is film making ethical?

So I was reading about Kant's categorical imperative as defined by the universal law approach and the "mere means approach." The former as defined by: "act only in accordance with that maxim through ...
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Does Every Logic Have the Potential for Violent Measurement?

Measurement, in the broad sense, involves useful abstractions and logical applicability that allow us to survey environmental data with extreme precision and prediction. The tools or instruments used ...
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How do total utilitarians respond to the problem of future people?

If humanity survives for a long time, then people today could have an extremely large number of descendants. Imagine that there are 100 drowning people, all of which happen to be infertile and one ...
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Can utilitarianism be manipulated to do awful things [duplicate]

Let's say it would take the torture and death of 100 million people to find the cure for death and aging. The cure would be cheap and easy to make and is easily distributed to the rest of the world's ...
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92 views

Why is it ethical wrong to rescue lots of lives to the expence of a single one? [closed]

i've read recently, the german government had prohibited to shoot a plane which was suspected to be owned by terrorist - the reason was among other things ethical. i know every human deserves to live ...
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moral relativism on science

Can you explain to me what Einstein meant in the following context? Some moral relativists try to say that science can be used to dictate ethics, but even secular scientists admit that science is ...
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Counterfactual damages?

The government rules that everyone who wants to play a lottery has to buy the ticket before 20 December. The prize is told to be 1'000'000. After 20 December (and before the game ends) the government ...
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What could be reasons why incest is wrong?

Rather than explaining with religious restrictions, how could you explain why incest relationship is wrong? How can you explain with morality? Yes, I know scientifically, incest generations are more ...
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How does non-cognitivism not need belief or picking of facts?

Source: pp 282-283, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn However, there is an issue here that divides thinkers into two camps. Consider this equation: ...