Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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“No morality, only that which actually happens”

Is there a name in the philosophical literature to the belief I hold, namely that moral statements, even if true, are useless, since just because something is good doesn't mean it will happen? And ...
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74 views

If we all came from Adam and Eve [on hold]

How many descendants are required before sexual relations is no longer incest ? This is an ethical question, and is based on most societal systems rejecting incest, however if you follow the logic, ...
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115 views

Capital punishment and morality

I'm surprised this never came up. For me, capital punishment may or may not have its place, but if it does then it acts to absolve the punished individual of their guilt. Sometimes this is preferable ...
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75 views

Why does philosophy exist?

If Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. As defined by Wikipedia. Then if ...
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59 views

Men Incarcerated 10x More Than Women in USA [closed]

What does this mean? Does anyone know of any studies on this phenomenon? Are we to believe that men are 10x more immoral and/or misbehaving than women? Or, are men held to a different standard? ...
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93 views

Is it defensible to offend a group of people when they cling to horrendous ideas?

Several organized or semi-organized groups of people in the world have really horrendous ideas, and react disproportionally strongly to any critique. I think most readers can agree with that ...
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72 views

Are Nietzsche's “higher men” men of principle

Are Nietzsche's "higher men" men of principle - in their value judgments? Or do their principles extend only to meta-ethical claims, such as the will to power, the existence of higher and lower ...
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62 views

Should one prioritize other's life over his own?

Let's consider the following situation: You are a teacher in a school. A serious fire breaks out in your classroom during your class. All of the students are able to get out except for your ...
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43 views

Should philosophy focus more on 'ought' questions?

I'll preface the question with the fact that I don't mean to sound accusatory. I'm not widely studied in philosophy so for all I know this could be an area where philosophy is already having a ...
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80 views

Is cognitivism compatible with moral anti-realism?

According to my professor, Sharon Street is both a cognitivist and a moral anti-realist. I can't seem to reconcile with that. How can you form a propositional statement about something that doesn't ...
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40 views

How do people justify and empathize towards negative actions?

I am writing a book. However, I'm having trouble creating an antagonist that seems logical, or in other words, one that people can empathize towards. I was going to ask this on writers stackexchange, ...
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26 views

What does it mean for Kant for someone to lie?

Would Kant identify the act of lying with the intention to delude or with the act of speaking untruth, when their conjunction is not given? It is possible to try to deceive someone but nonetheless ...
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53 views

Is there a name for this meta-moral philosophy?

Is there a name for the idea that the best moral philosophy is the simplest one that matches universal moral intuitions (not killing people without a good reason etc), and that moral questions which ...
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Modern Sophists?

I was wondering if in professional philosophy there are modern sophists. That is, people who have no qualms publishing on both sides of an issue, perhaps not being able to themselves come to ...
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21 views

Innovative Justifications for Utilitarianism [closed]

I've thought about this question for a while. Aside from the most common justifications for utilitarianism, or the greatest benefit for the maximum amount of people, what are new, more innovative ...
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108 views

Are some “right actions” not productive of the greatest happiness for the greatest number?

The question refers to utilitarianism and I received it during my ethics class. I need to critically evaluate this by referring to 3 global examples. I don't really know what example I could give ...
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98 views

Can there be ugliness in the world of a Mathematical God? [closed]

Let us assume that Mathematics is infinite, represents the multiverse and beyond, and is the deterministic cause of everything we know to exist (the Big Bang and our universe, the formation of the ...
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90 views

The birth of Buddha [closed]

Today my teacher said this during the classroom: Siddhartha Gautam, the earlier form of Buddha, was actually born in Nepal, but since Siddhartha Gautam meditated and found enlightenment to become ...
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82 views

Is Sacrifice a Hypocritical Self-Brainwashing Concept? [closed]

Parents of a doctor have been known to declare that they sacrificed a lot to put their child through school to become a doctor. They cite sacrifices such as not taking vacations, not buying alcohol, ...
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Does one have a 'right' to believe in anything?

Since presumably 'rights' are social(-legal) constructs, if someone believed something blatantly anti-social, such as 'good is evil', would this violate anything conceptually in the social ...
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How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...
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64 views

Is it immoral to pay taxes?

Assume your government participates in immoral wars that are unjust according to your personal beliefs and religious doctrine (for example Christian just war theory), is giving support to the ...
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88 views

Why is Nietzsche considered a philosopher - but not Whitman?

Reading Whitmans epic - The Leaves of Grass recently; I was so struck by his language and it's similarity to Nietzsches that I suspected that he had been influenced or read him. For example: I ...
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26 views

Where do I find the impartial spectator?

Rawls mentions, in A Theory of Justice that Classical Utilitarianism leant on the conception of the disinterested, yet sympathetic man: The most natural way of arriving at Utilitarianism is by ...
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76 views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
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77 views

Laws are made for humans, but does everyone classify as a human? [closed]

By law, even the worst criminals may be pardoned on grounds of mercy etc. But if an animal attacks or even kills a human, it can be put down. My question is: Shouldn't there be 'rules' to determine ...
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99 views

Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution? [closed]

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
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Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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165 views

Claim that we shouldn't give homeless people money because they will “spend it on drugs/alcohol”?

Every time that I run into a homeless person, which is frequently, I give them whatever change or spare bills (almost always $1 but occasionally, $5 or $10) that I have on me because I believe that a ...
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What are real life examples that can be applied to formalism?

Immanuel Kant states: “So act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an end, and never as only a means.” He also regards that actions have moral worth if the ...
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How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
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Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil [closed]

Why is the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil forbidden by G-d in Genesis?
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Concerning the integrity of some logical syllogisms on moral subjectivism and ice-cream

I understand moral subjectivism to be the meta-ethical idea that all moral statements are merely expressions of the individual and thus that there are no moral statements that are implicitly ...
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How can ethics being subjective and relative be justified?

I have always believed that ethics belongs to the realm of reason and it is absolute. A rational human being should be able to arrive to a natural code of conduct. However, nowadays I see many people ...
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Having a difficult time understanding ethical formalism

I am reading several online definitions of ethical formalism and I'm still having a difficult time understanding it. For example: "Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are ...
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131 views

Are there limits to freedom in a democratic society?

That is of course not taking into account the direct physical harm of another. "This, then, is one note of liberty which all democrats affirm to be the principle of their state. Another is that ...
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I and Thou, Martin Buber and Carl Rodgers

Rodgers seems to have taken up Buber's semantics to the level of the Self and the Transcendent, the impenetrable mystery of each particular expression of human nature in its most humble state. The I ...
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Is torture to prevent a killing an example of the paradox of deontological constraint?

Say one has the chance to prevent the explosion of a weapon of mass destruction (which kills lots of people) by torturing a person. Is that an example of the paradox of deontological constraint (which ...
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If the atoms of a person's body change every x number of years, should the person be prosecuted today for a crime that he/she committed x years ago?

I saw this question somewhere in the Internet(I forgot the source) and I think this forum is a good place to ask it. According to what I know, the atoms in a persons body are replaced every certain ...
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Is an Anarchosocialist a philosophical term or a political term?

I heard the term used by Noam Chomsky to describe himself. Is this his own term or a mash up. Came very late to philosophy, and I see possible links to the under pinnings of Anarchism and Socialism.
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Professional ethics - the relative ethics of paying into corruption for the 'greater good'

Disclaimer >> this is for a university essay, so obviously I'm not asking for anyone to write my essay for me :) There is a requirement in our degree we prove we are capable of grasping some ethical ...
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Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
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Is there is no room in the 21st century for a purely “qualitative philosopher”?

Mathematicians and philosophers always say that the universe is written in the language of mathematics. They often justify this by showing that almost everything can be explained mathematically, ...
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What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?

This isn't a philosophical question; more a question of clarification. Kants second critique, Kritik der Praktischen Vernuft, or Critique of Practical Reason, is actually a work of moral philosophy or ...
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Kant and free will

Could someone explain Kant's view on free will to me? As I understand it, Kant says that it is necessary that we have free will, because otherwise it would be unreasonable to hold people responsible. ...
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Is there an onus on the critic to povide an alternative solution?

In many situations, when someone criticises a procedure, or a policy, a common response is something like "yeah, we know it's crap, but you're not presenting an alternative solution, so shut up". ...
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Is hatred good for anything? [closed]

Hatred, as best as I can define it, is a hardening of the heart fuelled by anger against perceived enemies. Does anything good ever come from anger and hatred? Hatred of enemies sounds like a good ...
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48 views

How objective can morality be? [closed]

We all make assumptions, but there are assumptions that we are forced to make if we want to interact with any part of reality. The first is that the universe exists. The second is that the universe is ...
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61 views

What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Some say that human beings are granted rights, and this becomes the basis for a claims in parts of the Western legal system. Other parts of the Western legal system consider these privileges that are ...
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Is it better thing to kill animal not human. Whats the difference?

One human is condemned if he kills another human, but if the same human killed an animal it is not a big deal and you won't even receive jail time (atleast in my country). How did we decided that ...