Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
2answers
27 views

What is feminist care ethics?

I've heard the term thrown around, but I haven't gotten a good explanation of the core tenets of that particular branch of ethics. Can anyone explain, in plain English, what it is?
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is there a way to objectively determine which is the better default choice? Kill injure person and damage a car and a tree or kill several people

Is there a way to objectively determine which is better? Kill injure person and damage a car and a tree or kill several people. After reading this story about people preferring to save 10 people, but ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Recommend some philosophy books please? [duplicate]

The eBook website I use is buk.io Can you guys recommend me some philosophy books so I can read for self-improvement purposes? http://buk.io/@27531/cover How is this one?
3
votes
5answers
104 views

How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Would it be ethical to make a bot that would answer stack exchange questions?

Lets say the bot would be markov chain based and trained on the answers given previously on that tag. Would the answer to this question be different if it was based on neural networks? Would this ...
-3
votes
0answers
69 views

What would have Jesus Christ done, if he hadn't been crucified but blackmailed? [on hold]

In advance, sorry about my bad English knowledge and the opinion based question. What would have Jesus Christ done, if he hadn't been crucified but blackmailed? Like: "We won't kill you, but if you ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

What is mauvaise foi as it relates to ethics? Philosophy?

The title says it all. I know it means 'bad faith' but I'm really looking for a more concrete explanation of what it means and how it relates to ethics. Additionally, it would be helpful to understand ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Is having children immoral? (Hypothetical from an AI's view point) [closed]

Before we begin - an obvious disclaimer. I do not think that parenthood is inherently immoral in real life. It's just an argument I recently thought up in a story featuring an AI fanatic and cannot ...
5
votes
2answers
102 views

Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
0
votes
3answers
161 views

Does anti-discrimination contradict free will?

Does anti-discrimination imposed by laws, or as a universally held position and imposed by society, contradict the idea of free will? Take for example: In a business context, choosing to not ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why did Jeremy Bentham call the english law a “Demon of Chicane”?

I'm wondering why Bentham called the old english law a "Demon of Chicane". Is it because the law preferred rich people over poor people?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Are social justice perspectives more often agent-centered or patient-centered deontology?

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on deontology, there are two main types of deontology - agent-centered and patient-centered. Which kind are social justice views of ...
2
votes
4answers
148 views

Is there injustice in division of labour?

The division of labour is a "micro-level" as well as a societal phenomenon. It means that different individuals are "coerced" into doing different parts of larger projects and that the labour is ...
-1
votes
2answers
100 views

How can I be a philosopher [closed]

In this our age of information, i discover that every one is clamming to be a philosopher because of little experience they have or acquire in school or even by friend. And in this information age ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

As a Utilitarian why should I not kill myself to donate my organs and save a few other lives?

It seems that it improves the overall utility assuming we are all equal. Edit: Seems that calculating the utility improvement is not that simple. How many organs you might be able to donate is ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How does deontological ethics deal with actions that aren't “wrong”?

Deontological ethics, as far as I'm aware of derives morality from the actions rather than the consequences. But what if the action in question isn't necessarily right or wrong? Suppose Kant walked ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Does Mill make pain a required feature for experiencing pleasure?

In Mill's proof of utilitarianism, he defines happiness as: "Not a continuity of highly pleasurable excitement, but moments of such, in an existence made up of few but transitory pains, many and ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Is it a good argument in utilitarianism that you should always be truthful because you might later change your values?

I was thinking that one might justify lying because using his values he can maximize the utility of all people in the future by doing so. But then this came to my mind that what if someone changes his ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Is truth telling important or just having good intentions is enough? [closed]

Are good intentions enough to warrant not telling the truth? I am especially interested in when we've already lied, and the point in question is whether we should confess. Do any philosophers write ...
3
votes
6answers
194 views

Kill the last of a species to save one child?

On 30 May 2016 a gorilla was killed after a small child fell into its enclosure at the Cincinnati Zoo. The type of gorilla was a Western Lowland Gorilla, which are endangered. Now, what if the ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Within a duty based framework, are apologies contingent on the harmed party's acknowledgement of or contrition for wrongdoing?

During the debate on whether Obama should apologise for the US atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as some people making trolley problem style comments about how many would have been ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Should individual moral obligations determine government policy?

So, there are plenty of arguments out there that argue that since governments do not possess intentionality, are not the origin of their actions, and are not self-aware of their actions or their ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Aristotelian views on Justice and Equality

Aristotle discusses two types of justice - one, more general justice that concerns having all the virtues, and a second justice concerning how a state should act. He believes, if I'm not mistaken, ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Can donation or charity be a big mistake

Suppose I donate my eyes at an eye bank. The eyes are implanted to a rapist who uses it for doing all wrong things with them, then it is not good. Isn't donating without knowing the recipient a ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

My Car, She Was Driving, Who Pays the Lapsed Registration Ticket? [closed]

The title sums the situation up pretty well. My friend was out driving in my car (with my permission) when the car received a ticket (while parked--she wasn't in the car) for a lapsed registration. ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

How can a utilitarian argue against a “stealing from the rich and giving to the poor” scenario?

Imagine that a person steals money from a rich company without the company noticing and gives it to charities that give food to refugees. I can argue that since the money that is stolen from the ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Poison and antidote gambit morality problem. If the antidote is sold at fair price, and all negative impacts blocked, what is moral?

The poison and antidote gambit is a frequently used trope in zombie and outbreak fictions, where a poison was distributed followed by selling the antidote at lucrative price as a means to generate ...
1
vote
7answers
297 views

How can I convince a racist that he's wrong?

Starting from the assumption that there is no absolute morality and that good and bad are stories we tell ourselves, how can I logically convince a racist person that he's wrong? There is no right ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What is a rebuttal for this argument that “fast passes” are unethical?

Many amusement parks offer fast passes. This option costs a premium over a regular guest pass and allows a fast pass guest to cut in front of a regular guest in line for rides. An argument that this ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Nietzsche on the idea of Alienation

Nietzsche believes that modern human beings were alienated from themselves. what was the nature of this alienation? how did we come to be alienated? what exactly are we alienated from? (I believe ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How can one change one's motives and know whether they are right, if reasons do not depend on 'people's actual motives'?

Source: pp 70-71, What Does It All Mean? A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy (1987) by Prof. Thomas Nagel   Morality is often thought to be universal. If something is wrong, it's supposed to ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

What does Nagel mean: 'a reason to do what's right and avoid what's wrong' vs 'reasons for action'?

Source: pp 70-71, What Does It All Mean? A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy (1987) by Prof. Thomas Nagel   Morality is often thought to be universal. If something is wrong, it's supposed to ...
7
votes
5answers
139 views

Where is the line drawn between immoral inactivity and a simple lack of action?

I've heard a lot about the supposed evils about not voting/voting for a 3rd party in recent political discussion here in the States. The reasoning seems to posit that (e.g.) in the Trump/Hillary race, ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

Can one believe in Divine Command Theory without the Bible?

If one believes that there is a God and that He created the universe, it would seemingly follow logically that whatever God commands is moral (and whatever He commands not to do is immoral). For ...
5
votes
5answers
121 views

Is it ethically wrong to not vote?

I'd like to describe a scenario and understand what sort of general philosophical tools or schools of thought may be used to answer the question one way or another. The scenario involves an individual ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Books on moral realism and moral relativism?

Does anyone know any good books on the topic of moral realism / moral relativism? The kind of book I would most prefer would be one that would address both (realism and relativism) from a completely ...
1
vote
7answers
155 views

Why is engaging others as friends considered good while engaging others sexually considered bad?

Cheating on one's partner(s) is considered a bad thing in most societies; it's definitely often taboo. With "cheating", I mean engaging with another human being in an intimate way, without your life ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

From a consequentialist perspective, how is using slaves to build buildings immoral?

The consequences I can think of: The slaves die The slave's death can affect their families financially etc.. The buildings benefit people for many years ahead by providing shelter To me it seems ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Ethics and countries looking out for their citizens overseas [closed]

Was it ethical for countries to look out for purely just their own citizens / nationals overseas abroad and leave the citizens of other countries to their own devices when the people in those other ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

From a Kantian perspective, could any aspect of this situation be considered moral?

The situation: Let's say two teams are competing in a research competition. The rules require the teams to have members that have never competed in this competition in the past. The director of Team A ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Is it moral for humans to procreate? [closed]

I know it's in our nature and that we want to have kids so that humanity can continue. But is it moral to continue bringing kids into a world that's dying and is full of evil and hate? I feel having ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Is it moral/ethical to put use to something(which good intentions) from a Kantian perspective… even though that something has an immoral past? [closed]

For example, the United States put Nazi scientists (who had committed atrocious crimes against humanity in the past) to work on developing rockets in NASA.
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Is it intellectually dishonest for an atheist to become a Freemason

Concern I am debating the merits of becoming a Freemason. My interest is primarily out of curiosity, and finding a social group to join that isn't a gun club or church group. Not that I don't enjoy ...
7
votes
3answers
131 views

Can utilitiarianism require informed consent?

Background In 2014, it was revealed that Facebook had manipulated news feeds to study emotions. Facebook did not go through any sort of ethical review at the time and has been criticized for this and ...
3
votes
4answers
145 views

Is the Golden Rule only half of the story?

One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated. The rule is self-referential and entirely independent of "other". One should not treat others in ways that one thinks/...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What are the ethical issues specific to the coercive treatment of schizophrenia?

Are there many ethical issues specific to forced psychiatric treatment of the schizo? I'm guessing there's a few, if the failure of psychoanalysis to treat the schizophrenic represents a failure of ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

How does Badiou summarise Levinas' approach to ethics?

In Badiou’s opening paragraphs he offers an account of Lévinas’s concern with philosophy and its hostility to an ethical relation to the Other. In Badiou’s characterisation of Lévinas, why is it ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Are religions at the end more humble comparing with the more Asian streams?

The three monotheistic religions all have a God who provides commandments and rules which are to be obeyed. In Asian religions like Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism there isn't such a God who gives ...