Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil

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Is the era approaching towards thoughts automation? [on hold]

Recent neuroscience research has successfully connected EEG patterns of 2 human beings, using the internet, presenting us with the possibility of a new module in 'social media': brain to brain ...
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Regarding Ethical systems

What are the differences between morals and ethics ? Are morals standards of behaviour that everybody in a certain group can agree on or is that an ethical code of behaviour? To the Vikings doing the ...
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The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
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On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
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Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
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Scenario: is this moral?

Assume the following two scenarios: A person kills a random person for the fun of it. A person kills a mad bomber who was about to push the trigger that will blow up a building, killing thousands of ...
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Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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Schadenfreud as a way out of amorality

Theodor Adorno, defined Schadenfreude as "largely unanticipated delight in the suffering of another which is cognized as trivial and/or appropriate." Nietzsche comments that Schadenfreude ...
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What is the name of the following logical fallacy ? Is it really a fallacy?

Suppose, person A fires person B because B behaved unethically and ignored the company's code of conduct. A, however, did not have enough evidence. He later did find evidence, but that doesn't justify ...
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About 'morality' related to a finite existence

If a person believes this finite existence is all there is that is 'real'; what types of 'moral' or 'ethical' principles would that person 'form' or utilize in daily life ? I know there are lots of ...
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Is it unethical to pass unwanted unhealthy food to others while I want to consume only healthy food?

Occasionally I end up with unhealthy food items like sweets, snacks and ice cream. As I am trying to live a healthy life, I avoid these foods in general. However, I also don't want to throw them away. ...
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The problem of evil in secular philosophy

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...
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What are the moral consequences of a Douglas Adams' cow?

In the "Restaurant at the End of the Universe" there is a cow specifically designed to a) want to be eaten and b) be able to communicate it. By that the designer wanted to make sure, that it's morally ...
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What is meant by the field of Dharma in the Bhagavad Gita?

The Mahabharata is an Indo-Aryan epic about the dynastic struggle by Pandavas & the Kauravas for the throne of the Kingdom of the Kuru, held by Dhtrarastra, the blind king of the Kauravas. The ...
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1answer
102 views

Moral nihilism?

I have two main worries, which are drawn from Nagel and Mackay for their expression, though I think I agree with neither of these philosophers. First I will sketch my idea about right and wrong, ...
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Does a covert reward destroy the moral value of a moral action?

Should a moral action be evaluated directly as it is with rewards - real or possible - being put aside? In other words - is a consideration of covert rewards that the actor is gaining or those selfish ...
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Is it ever right to act contrary to your moral principles?

In the TV series Monkey, loosely based on the 16th century Chinese novel Journey to the West, one of the main Buddhist characters is a young monk called Tripitaka, who joins forces with the ...
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Do we have an obligation to respect our teachers? [closed]

Many philosophers teach us to respect those who are teaching us. For example, one of the five classics of the Confucian canon [The Classic of Rites - Liji] claims in "Record of Education" that: ...
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Is a person responsible for his choices? [closed]

If a person is influenced by his culture/environment, how can he be responsible for his choices? As our choices are determined by the past actions that affected us in some way.
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Hypocricy and Nietzsche

Can Nietzsche's "genuine hypocrite" cease being a hypocrite and believe in the role he is playing, or is his belief too strong? Nothing seems to me to be rarer today then genuine hypocrisy. I ...
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Ethics of “Piracy as a trial/demo”

I would like to understand the ethical sides of the argument of copyright violation as a form of Demo. I have seen several justifications of this along the lines of: I wish to listen to this one ...
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Resources on the ring of Gyges and mass surveillance?

Plato in the Republic recounts a story about a magical artifact, the Ring of Gyges, in Book II of the Republic. It is a device to motivate an investigation into the collective aspect of morality. ...
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“Saving” Nietzsche

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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Word and image (in poetry)

A 2011 book on conceptual poetry titled conceptualisms claims Note: there is no aesthetic or ethical distinction between word and image. They seem to define "images" as what manifest to create ...
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Question regarding ethics of the human to the dog relationship

I'm in the process of treating an elderly diabetic dog(diabetes in dogs is manifested very closely to the one in humans) and constantly hitting the wall of ethics(in my view) regarding human-dog ...
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What's the difference between Pascal's wager and Pascal's mugging?

I was discussing Pascal's mugging with a friend (a mugger comes up to Pascal, and says give me 5 dollars or I'll use my special powers to kill a billion people in another dimension), and there's ...
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Is the golden rule considered childish in philosophy?

I have heard this a few times before, from some fairly well educated people. I am not too sure how to approach this statement though. I can understand that it is a very simple idea and one that has ...
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Do two moral values exist, such that both imply the other?

Two moral values exist, such that one implies the other. Example: "One should be nice" -> "One should not kill". Do two moral values exist, such that both imply the other? Would two such moral values ...
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If many people show positivity, is that irrefutable proof of no negativity?

I want to know how we can analyze the number of preferences versus lack of preferences, or dislikes versus likes, and determine if the balance or lack thereof signifies a truly positive affirmation or ...
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How do we deal with future extraterrestrial contacts and their cultures?

When meeting alien civilizations we will be encountering cultures that developed entirely without any contact with us. Let's say we encountered an alien race and they seemed almost exactly like us. ...
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Do you have a right to complain on things you didn't or hadn't taken action on that directly affects you?

This question came from the Politics SE but I was told it didn't fit their format, so I'm bringing this here because I want to hear answers based on morality. So this always comes up when I'm ...
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Rape and non consensual sex

As I understand it [from the papers - i.e. liberal public perception], rape is non-consensual sex when consent is not just lacking, but can be shown to be lacking. Is that right? Is the idea that ...
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Ethics of Using an Experience Machine/Going Against Someone's Wishes for Their Own Good

Similar to the question of Do experiences need to be “real” to be worthwhile or desireable? Robert Nozick has argued against pure hedonism as a means to happiness based on the fact that a person ...
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Question re coexistence of Hellenism (revived during Renaissance) and Christianity in modern Western Culture [closed]

How contemporary Western's culture (and morale in particular) got formed out of two quite contradictory sources: Hellenism (revived during Renaissance) and Christianity - have those contradictions ...
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moral value of dairy products?

Is the consumption of dairy products or eggs compatible with a) the theory of animal rights and b) equal consideration? Ad a) How can a right of ownership be defended, i.e. every animal is owner of ...
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What obligations, if any, still exist after all obligations of a contract are carried out?

Suppose two informed parties agree to terms of a contract and each party carries out their obligations. Does ethics impose any additional implied obligations between the parties? For example: say I ...
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Is doing something that is beneficial for both parties an act of kindness?

I order food. A man makes it. He says it costs $6, and I only have $5. He gives me the food for $5. Is this an act of kindness keeping in mind that the food costs less than $5 originally(to make, ...
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Who are historical proponents of moral anti-realism?

I was wondering about the history of moral anti-realism. It seems to me that realism has been the dominant view since Plato, with anti-realism being given systematic attention only in the last 100 ...
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Ethics/morality of file-sharing: Any noteworthy philosophers written on this?

Have any noteworthy philosophers written about the ethics/morality of file-sharing (bittorrent and what-not)? If so, what are some of their positions? Related but distinct: Is it immoral to download ...
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Is it ever appropriate or reasonable to use pejorative expletives in public discussion?

This is a vague question as stated, and I'm afraid I can only narrow it down by throwing together what I think are related ideas: that there may be a differential use of "f*** you" in a particular ...
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Death penalty or isolation [closed]

If everybody's life is equal in rights, and has the basic same value. Let's say, there was a person who was considered a danger to all people(i.e. Serial killer) and was a harm to himself as well. ...
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what if aliens had diffrent morals

This question is intended for anyone who does not espouse a belief in total "moral relativism." If intelligent aliens existed, would it be our duty to treat them the same way we treat fellow humans? ...
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Is 'with great power comes great responsibility' true? [closed]

I wonder if the quote with great power comes great responsibility is true. If you don't use the power, what's the point of taking responsibility?
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Do people have the right to split off part of a sovereign state?

On one hand we have sovereign nation states with stable, recognised borders. On the other hand there can be groups of people inside them that want to split off to become independent, or join a ...
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Consolation for failure or fear of failure?

What philosophers have specifically explored failure and the fear of failure? What works / passages?
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What philosophical school does Raskolnikov belong to in Crime and Punishment?

At the beginning of the novel, Raskolnikov sees himself as a “superman,” a person who is extraordinary and thus above the moral rules that govern the rest of humanity. His estimation of himself ...
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Could a machine or an AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions?

The question of "Could a machine/AI ever feel genuine human-like emotions"? arises in movies such as Bladerunner, IRobot, Star Trek and A.I among others. What is the philosophical arguement behind why ...
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How should people who don't follow the “golden rule” be treated?

I think the value and effectiveness of the golden rule as guide to ethical conduct is self-evident, so far as the individual is recieving equivalent treatment in return among peers. Yet, I have ...
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Can I assume that “Normative Ethics (Moral theory)” all about “Justice”?

It seems that absolute goodness is impossible to convince or to prove logically other than within religious communities. Q1) Am I thinking right here? If there is no absolute goodness except from ...
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Do human rights exist?

What is the basis for believing that there is such a thing as human rights? I am all for human rights but it could be argued that the notion of human rights is imaginary and reducable to absurdity ...