Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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4answers
103 views

What does it mean for something to exist?

When we say something exists, what do we mean by X? Specifically, my question is about whether there's something more primitive than saying something exists. In mathematics, existence is asserted by ...
3
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3answers
103 views

Ontological status of variables

Background This question has its origin in this post. More specifically, in giving answers to the following questions, In what way does the collection of all sets consist of sets? What are ...
8
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4answers
250 views

On a paradox of existence

There is a famous question by Einstein which was reported by his biographer, the physicist Abraham Pais, and which expresses his concern with quantum physics: We often discussed his notions on ...
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2answers
46 views

Because nothing exists, nothing also does not exist

Because nothing exists, nothing also does not exist. If you look at nothing as the opposite of something. The existence of one requires the existence of the other. But since one explicitly says it ...
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0answers
48 views

Hypothetically observable

Question: When is it appropriate to assign the property "hypothetically observable" to a thing? The set up is that someone is discussing an object that they claim has some sort of existence. Maybe ...
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3answers
184 views

A Critcism of the Ontological Argument for God

Allow me to present the argument: (1) By definition God is that being which possesses every perfection. (2) Existence is a perfection. (3) Therefore, God exists. Whether you agree is not important,...
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2answers
76 views

Movies on philosophy similar to “Waking Life”? [closed]

The movie "Waking Life" is a philosophical masterpiece: a quasi non-narrative psychedelic dreamscape exploring the very nature of both existence and non-existence in unpredecented depth. In a ...
3
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1answer
91 views

What is the difference between ∃ (existence) and A (actuality)?

The existential quantification can, it seems, be used with modal logic. Now excuse my naivety, but: if so, what is the difference between being actual and existential quantification? I'm just ...
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3answers
97 views

Is answering “yes” to the question “Is the question 'What is existence?' tautological?” problematic? [closed]

Consider the question Is the question "What is existence?" tautological? Is a "yes" answer to that question problematic, because in saying that "The question 'What is existence?' is tautological"...
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0answers
15 views

Thinking about not existing [closed]

Whenever I see pictures of our universe, I always try to think about not existing. Recently I found this website and started thinking about it. Usually what when we talk about this, we imagine a void, ...
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3answers
132 views

About the fear of non-existence

Are there any reputable philosophical works that talk about the fear of non-existence as opposed to the fear of death? (Of course no one can imagine what it 'feels like' to not exist but if many ...
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1answer
80 views

Are questions about existence purely semantic?

I was inspired by this question, and in particular this section of user259242's answer: Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other ...
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3answers
129 views

Why does the philosophy concerned with the problem of negative existential statements not make use of mental representations to solve it?

Meinong, Frege, Russel and Kripke all seem to accept the principle, that for a statement to be true, its singular terms must denote an object. This leads to the problem, that a sentence like 'The ...
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6answers
1k views

Does anything you can think of exist?

Descartes famously says "I think therefore I am." Does it follow that anything I can think of exists?
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1answer
112 views

What is objective morality?

It has been argued by some that God is a necessary and sufficient condition for objective morality. I can't accept this, because I don't even know what it means for something to be objectively moral. ...
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2answers
99 views

Would it be correct to state that no single element would be able to prove itself?

Would it be correct to state that no single element, no matter how large, would be able to prove itself without the aid of another separate infinitesimal element? Does the absence of an logically ...
0
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1answer
43 views

In Frege's analysis of existence, is it assumed that a subject exists if it is predicable in the first-order?

Frege holds that existence cannot be said to be a first-order predicate for the following reasons. If existence is to be considered to be a first-order predicate, it follows that in statements denying ...
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3answers
633 views

Does the famous Descartes quote “dubito, ergo cogito, ergo sum” suggests secure knowledge of ones existence?

After a discussion about the "difficulties to distinguish knowledge from faith" someone replied to me that the quote implies faith because it uses the word "think". But as it is generally understood: ...
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1answer
72 views

Is the Simulation Argument compatible with the proposition that physical entities have finite information content?

I recently learned of the Simulation Argument, which attempts to show that one of three statements is very likely true, paraphrasing: Civilizations are unlikely to ever be able to simulate realities....
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3answers
176 views

Are numbers really infinite? [closed]

Things that we don't know exist but they exist, could we say that they exist? We can't think of a big big number, but probably that big big number exists, in the way of atoms that form a giant planet ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is there a philosophical categorization of mindsets?

This question is about personality and mindsets. I'm interested in categories of opinions, something more than left vs. right, conservative vs. liberal. Is there a set of basic questions that once ...
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1answer
216 views

why “life” bother to exist when its literally just a bunch of atoms and particles? [closed]

There is no meaning to existence. It exists, and it disappears, everything in our perception will one day disappear, the world will end or the human race will end. The “You” means nothing to ...
4
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1answer
169 views

Absolute Truth - Is there existence?

I restate the question in a simpler and more specific way; is there a proof or has a philosopher proved, that things can be absolute and observed by each in the same way? Are there like conserved ...
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0answers
32 views

Is existence distinguishability/variation?

Here is my reasoning to the conclusion of "existence is distinguishability/variation": Assume objects A and B. Question 1: How are they different from each other? Answer 1: They are different/...
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2answers
92 views

Why do some philosophers argue that we do not know, a priori, that something thinks?

The Cartesian argument seems to explicate the fact that I necessarily know that something thinks, and that I necessarily know that something thinks even if I don't checking the world to verify whether ...
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5answers
324 views

Is it possible to prove that the universe either is or isn't a simulation? [duplicate]

Can it be philosophically proven that the Universe either is or is not a simulation? If someone was in a simulation, could they tell? What would the differences be between a simulated universe and a "...
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4answers
819 views

How can we prove something exists?

As someone who likes a lengthy argument with many different points put across and many points shot down in the process, I was posed with this question which has made me struggle so far. My friend said ...
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1answer
498 views

Quine's “to be is to be the value of a bound variable”

Quine's definition "to be is to be the value of a bound variable" seems uncontroversial and in fact quite natural as it's compatible with modern approaches to the semantics of natural language. My ...
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2answers
66 views

Post-Existential State

It can be said that there is a pre-existential state, defined as life prior to understanding that death is inevitable, as in young children. Query 1: can it be said that a post-existential state ...
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2answers
146 views

what does “Justified” mean? [closed]

I saw the term JTB (Justified true belief). What is the act of Justificaton ? What makes somthing "Just" ? Cheers Sharon
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4answers
111 views

How can I know that I know something? [closed]

This also a question about what is the definition of knowledge.
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7answers
603 views

Is “God does not exist; therefore, the argument for God's existence is not sound” fallacious?

The apologetic claims the argument is logically valid by modus tollens. The somewhat detailed version is: Premise 1. If Argument A for God's existence is sound, then God exists. Premise 2. But ...
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4answers
179 views

How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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4answers
106 views

The dissonance between our logic, and the origin of everything

Many broad arguments, listed below, hold for the entirety of our existence, but they overwhelmingly fail to explain the edge cases - that is, the beginning and the end. For example: Energy cannot ...
3
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1answer
135 views

What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual thing,...
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2answers
209 views

Why isn't existence a predicate?

According to SEP There are two sets of reasons for denying that existence is a property of individuals. The first is Hume and Kant's puzzlement over what existence would add to an object. What is ...
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1answer
244 views

What is the purpose of life? [mainly for non_believers] [closed]

I am aware this question has been asked quite often here; I wanted to customize the question to a certain context. other questions are also debated when this question is asked: Do we actually exist ...
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2answers
125 views

Does Flatland exist according to modal realism?

Does Flatland exist according to modal realism, since it is a possible world?
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3answers
151 views

Can our universe be simulation without simulator?

I have weird understanding of simulation hypothesis. If I look at your universe as simulation then it seems to me irrelevant if simulation is actually executed or not. In my understanding of ...
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2answers
214 views

Does the Christian concept of eternal God and souls violate the Buddhist concept of Annica and Anatta?

Annica (impermanence) says that all conditioned beings are in a constant state of flux. Anatta (not-self) says that all beings (both conditioned and unconditioned) have no essence. It seems that the ...
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1answer
245 views

What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts?

What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts? Existential philosophers like Kirkegaard, Heideggers and Friedrich ...
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0answers
37 views

A joke on existentialism [duplicate]

First can somebody explain me the meaning of "Existentialism" in a layman's term. I looked up Wikipedia and some other sites but I am not getting the definition. In an episode of 'Criminal Minds', a ...
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8answers
1k views

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist?

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist? That nothing exists, not even you or me? And by not existing, I mean totally not existing, as in not even existing as a computer simulation, or a ...
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3answers
66 views

What are the ways one can use to demonstrate that it's possible for something to exist?

Notice that I'm not talking here about the actual existence of something, but the possibility of existence. About such ways, I only know one that is argumentative (which is the kind I would like to ...
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2answers
2k views

What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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9answers
403 views

Why do things have a front and a back?

This question was asked by my three year old niece and I couldn't think of a good answer.
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3answers
101 views

Are the laws of order and chaos in our universe unequal? How did that ratio come to be set? Can we scientifically measure that ratio/constant?

A few friends and I sat watching trash TV under the influence last night, and we inevitably started chatting to avoid the white noise facing us. Somehow this chat sparked off a chain of thoughts in me ...
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4answers
93 views

Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
3
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1answer
233 views

Is being logical for our Universe, is the only possible option?

There is a lot of questions around such as why mathematics/scientific laws rules the universe (or as an alternative view, they are just our tool to quantify it, and universe exist as exists), but my ...
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3answers
152 views

Does the concept of infinity mean we have already 'been'?

A memory that frequently inhabits my consciousness is that of a lesson taught by my religious education teacher in senior school. He likened the conditions and occurrences that resulted in the ...