Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.

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1answer
43 views

How can we prove something exists?

As someone who likes a lengthy argument with many different points put across and many points shot down in the process, I was posed with this question which has made me struggle so far. My friend said ...
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1answer
49 views

Quine's “to be is to be the value of a bound variable”

Quine's definition "to be is to be the value of a bound variable" seems uncontroversial and in fact quite natural as it's compatible with modern approaches to the semantics of natural language. My ...
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2answers
56 views

Post-Existential State

It can be said that there is a pre-existential state, defined as life prior to understanding that death is inevitable, as in young children. Query 1: can it be said that a post-existential state ...
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2answers
43 views

what does “Justified” mean? [closed]

I saw the term JTB (Justified true belief). What is the act of Justificaton ? What makes somthing "Just" ? Cheers Sharon
-3
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4answers
75 views

How can I know that I know something? [closed]

This also a question about what is the definition of knowledge.
3
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5answers
281 views

Is this disproof of God's existence logical?

The apologetic claims the argument is logically valid by modus tollens. The somewhat detailed version is: Premise 1. If Argument A for God's existence is sound, then God exists. Premise 2. But ...
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1answer
63 views

'Who made who?' as it says in that A.C.D.C song

The A.C.D.C song 'Who made who?' ; a definite philosophical question in a hard rock song. A common retort is 'If the 'creator exists who created the creator ?' I think this is problematic for one ...
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4answers
109 views

How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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4answers
94 views

The dissonance between our logic, and the origin of everything

Many broad arguments, listed below, hold for the entirety of our existence, but they overwhelmingly fail to explain the edge cases - that is, the beginning and the end. For example: Energy cannot ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual ...
4
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2answers
115 views

Why isn't existence a predicate?

According to SEP There are two sets of reasons for denying that existence is a property of individuals. The first is Hume and Kant's puzzlement over what existence would add to an object. What is ...
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1answer
109 views

What is the purpose of life? [mainly for non_believers] [closed]

I am aware this question has been asked quite often here; I wanted to customize the question to a certain context. other questions are also debated when this question is asked: Do we actually exist ...
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2answers
65 views

Does Flatland exist according to modal realism?

Does Flatland exist according to modal realism, since it is a possible world?
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2answers
94 views

Can our universe be simulation without simulator?

I have weird understanding of simulation hypothesis. If I look at your universe as simulation then it seems to me irrelevant if simulation is actually executed or not. In my understanding of ...
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2answers
115 views

Does the Christian concept of eternal God and souls violate the Buddhist concept of Annica and Anatta?

Annica (impermanence) says that all conditioned beings are in a constant state of flux. Anatta (not-self) says that all beings (both conditioned and unconditioned) have no essence. It seems that the ...
0
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1answer
133 views

What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts?

What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts? Existential philosophers like Kirkegaard, Heideggers and Friedrich ...
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0answers
28 views

A joke on existentialism [duplicate]

First can somebody explain me the meaning of "Existentialism" in a layman's term. I looked up Wikipedia and some other sites but I am not getting the definition. In an episode of 'Criminal Minds', a ...
9
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7answers
432 views

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist?

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist? That nothing exists, not even you or me? And by not existing, I mean totally not existing, as in not even existing as a computer simulation, or a ...
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3answers
55 views

What are the ways one can use to demonstrate that it's possible for something to exist?

Notice that I'm not talking here about the actual existence of something, but the possibility of existence. About such ways, I only know one that is argumentative (which is the kind I would like to ...
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2answers
74 views

What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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9answers
352 views

Why do things have a front and a back?

This question was asked by my three year old niece and I couldn't think of a good answer.
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2answers
56 views

Are the laws of order and chaos in our universe unequal? How did that ratio come to be set? Can we scientifically measure that ratio/constant?

A few friends and I sat watching trash TV under the influence last night, and we inevitably started chatting to avoid the white noise facing us. Somehow this chat sparked off a chain of thoughts in me ...
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4answers
73 views

Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Is being logical for our Universe, is the only possible option?

There is a lot of questions around such as why mathematics/scientific laws rules the universe (or as an alternative view, they are just our tool to quantify it, and universe exist as exists), but my ...
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4answers
116 views

Does the concept of infinity mean we have already 'been'?

A memory that frequently inhabits my consciousness is that of a lesson taught by my religious education teacher in senior school. He likened the conditions and occurrences that resulted in the ...
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2answers
119 views

Existence vs tertium non datur

This is my first question here, sorry if it turns out to be a duplicate. Mathematical constructivism states that contradicting the non-existence of something won't imply its existence. Does it mean ...
2
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3answers
85 views

In regards to Rene Descartes meditations, if there existed an all powerful evil demon, why couldn't it trick you into believing you exist

If it is all powerful, why can't it trick you into thinking you exist and have thoughts? If the cogito is unbreakable, then how could the demon be all powerful if it is bounded by laws it cannot ...
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3answers
89 views

Philosophically, what are ways in which one can define “intelligence” in general?

I've always been wondering, what with I.Q. tests and all, how one can better sense intelligence. Not intelligence as in how much we are measured to know, but how much of what we know is actually known ...
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5answers
306 views

Consciousness without thoughts or feelings?

I have noticed that I can sit in a room around people and be consciously aware ... but have no thoughts at all. People often say that your "mind is always thinking", but I can literally stare at a ...
3
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4answers
121 views

Do some things not exist? [closed]

Quod sic: The Statue of Zeus no longer exists (it was destroyed by fire in the 5th century A.D.) Therefore, there is something (the Statue of Zeus) that does not exist. Contra: How can there be ...
3
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2answers
145 views

Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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0answers
66 views

Why Bad Things (Habits/Pessimism) prevails automatically,But Good Things(Optimism) wont be adhered even if induced? [closed]

Good Habits are not adhered to our routines even if practised where as Bad Habits are too much attractive implicitly without any effort. Why? Here, Please dont simply Divide Good & Bad Habits are ...
3
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2answers
548 views

Why does human race has to survive and continue to exist? [closed]

For some questions in philosophy and ethics, the ultimate answer is the welfare and continuation of the human race. Nations are spending millions of dollars on space programs in case of a global ...
2
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2answers
165 views

Why do we have a problem about understanding the concept of the “empty set”?

   The title seems quite bit more generalized, but I'm saying about the philosophers and mathematicians in the past who discussed about the concept of nothing, or the empty set. I'm ...
2
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1answer
139 views

Is the universe just a mathematical construct?

Consider some continuous mathematical function. You can define it as a set of initial conditions and a set of rules to extend it to the rest of its domain. For instance, for a linear function, y = mx ...
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3answers
93 views

Can I have thoughts about fictional characters?

For: I can be thinking about Frodo. I can think, e.g. that Frodo was the character introduced in the second chapter of LOTR, or that Smeagol was the hobbit who fell to his doom at the end of the book. ...
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0answers
38 views

Why does everything exist? [duplicate]

Why does everything exist? By everything, I mean each and every atom in each and every place in the complete universe. What would have been the problem if the whole of universe didn't exist? What is ...
2
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4answers
376 views

Do thoughts exist? How about ideas?

Do thoughts exist? (Yes, I know it depends what I mean by 'existence' but I want that to be included in any answer; another way to phrase my question would be, can you define 'existence' with a ...
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5answers
262 views

Are there any other things like 'Cogito ergo sum' that we can be certain of?

Are there any other things we can be certain of? Are there any 'hooks' that can be hooked into 'I think therefore I am', that one could be 100% certain are truthful as 'I think therefore I am' ...
2
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2answers
110 views

The inability to imagine general nonexistence [duplicate]

After reading the question regarding "Why is there something instead of nothing?" I stumbled over the first part of "Sauls" answer: Before anything else one should be aware of the instrument used ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “meaning of life” and why do people seek it?

One of the oldest questions is "What is the meaning of life?". But what does the concept of "meaning of life" actually mean? What does it mean for something to be the "meaning of life"? And why is it ...
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2answers
101 views

Considering the universe has a limited timespan, how would god fit into this? [closed]

Let's consider the universe to have an existence that is temporally limited (i.e., it will eventually implodes on itself or falls apart). Now, let's consider that there is a god in that universe. ...
0
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3answers
396 views

If the universe came from “nothing”, why is it assumed that there is no life after death?

I've been thinking today about the Big Bang theory and how I've heard people claim that before the big band there was "nothing". And that when we die, there is nothing. No more life, etc. But is that ...
3
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1answer
162 views

Illogical part of universe

This question is based on many assumptions: That since universe could not appear out of itself and could not be created by someone there has to be a other part of 'universe' (I am not sure if ...
4
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1answer
120 views

What is the analytic-synthetic dilemma concerning existence?

Reading a paper on Descartes I found the following summary of criticism: Stuart Hampshire, on the one hand, emphasizing the indubitability required of the principle by Descartes, concludes that ...
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9answers
2k views

Analyzing a secular pro-life argument

I've been thinking about the pro-life position (by "pro-life" I mean the position that abortion should be illegal. I.e. on par with murder) for awhile, and it is normally presented as a religious ...
4
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10answers
362 views

Death: A finite ending?

From the viewpoint of an atheist, when you die, you cease to exist. Your brain has grown old, and can no longer sustain the trillions of electrical signals that constituted who you once were. ...
4
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2answers
114 views

Existence of abstract objects for a physicalist

Let's say I'm a physicalist. Usually then, I will think of abstract objects as mental constructs, which are dictated by mental states, which, as a physicalist will say, are manifestations of physical ...
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2answers
1k views

What does Spivak mean exactly in her paper “can the subaltern speak”?

What does G. Spivak mean by epistemic violence in her essay "Can the subaltern speak"? What I understand by her paper is that intellectuals in Europe and western countries control the kind of ...
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5answers
98 views

Where do things come from? [closed]

Nothing is...not for long anyway.Everything is in a state of flux and this implies that every object has a story behind it.However,the possible options for stories of origin are not satisfactory: 1.We ...