A loose title covering : the individual, the experience of choice, and the absence of rational understanding of the universe with a consequent dread or sense of absurdity in human life.

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35 views

Why not become a plant? [closed]

If most eastern philosophy appreciated nature, and even a few western existential philosophers point out nature as a way to understand the world around us, and many have spoken about trees, and the ...
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30 views

How does master morality damage the herd?

I think I've figured out, kinda, I'm just a little crazy, what master morality is. Does Nietzsche ever suggest that it is irrevocably damaging to the herd, that it can seduce them, and in what sense ...
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42 views

Dasein is or isn't responsible, isn't accountable: so what?

I was looking at this The Origins of Responsibility By François Raffoul It's not immediately clear what it means to be responsible but not accountable. Is it just the very loud claim that ...
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28 views

Is there a philosophy of responsibility in terms of complacency

I was wondering, and I'm especially interested in either contemporary philosophers or critical theorists, if there was a (I assume existentialist) philosophy of complacency. Especially: I am doing ...
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1answer
56 views

Sartre's use of the word “Transcendence” and its meaning

I have been looking into some resources explaining Husserl's idea of transcendence and they point out that Sartre's idea of transcendence is based on Husserl's. Here are the different aspects/ideas of ...
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3answers
138 views

Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
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1answer
49 views

Meaning of Being in 'Being and Nothingness'?

I just started reading Sartre's magnum opus and right on page two he begins to mention that being and appearance dualism is no longer entitled to any "legal status within philosophy". What is the ...
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23 views

Self-recovery in authenticity: does it mean a belief has to be repeated?

I'm struggling to get to grips with the basic idea of Sartre's authenticity. That is why we use the word ‘believe’ to imply some degree of uncertainty, as when we say, “Is he my friend? Well, I ...
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4answers
148 views

Is existentialism philosophy?

I believe that philosophy is defined by its method, which is based on logical analysis. It is not merely any discipline that investigates the world's conditions and the meaning of life. To be a ...
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2answers
155 views

What is the difference between essential and existential ontology?

What are the differences between essential ontology and existential ontology? Does existential Ontology start with Heidegger. Is there any definition of both?
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1answer
33 views

What are “Things” in Letters to a Young Poet?

I know Letters to a Young Poet, a work composed of letters by the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, is probably not very canonical but it does address philosophical and existential questions so I hope someone ...
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73 views

What is the sense of thinking in Being & Nothingness?

in Kant's philosophy : the noumenon is inaccessible to humans and the phenomenon exists and accessible to humans (is what we live). Sartre in Being and Nothingness criticizes the Kantian philosophy ...
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1answer
40 views

What does Nietzsche mean by the intellectual costs that “For” and “Against” incur?

In the preface of Human, All Too Human Nietzsche talks about control over one's For and Against. He mentions this after stating that the free spirit is able to become a master over virtues and uses ...
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2answers
98 views

Why is every choice the good choice for Sartre?

Sartre wrote this in 1946 in L’existentialism est un humanisme. Choisir d’être ceci ou cela, c’est affirmer en même temps la valeur de ce que nous choisissons, car nous ne pouvons jamais choisir ...
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55 views

Is Nietzsche saying here that agnostics admire the unintelligible?

I need help understanding the last two paragraphs of the 25th section, third essay, which is provided below from the free link: http://home.sandiego.edu/~janderso/360/genealogy3.htm Similarly who ...
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4answers
112 views

Are old philosophical texts worth reading for ordinary individuals?

There is no doubt that the past philosophical texts have provided very useful ideas and have contributed significantly to society. However, because these books have been around for some time a lot of ...
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3answers
110 views

What are some good books about existential philosophy?

I recently have gained a lot of interest in philosophy and have especially taken to Nietzsche's work and ideas. I am reading philosophy to understand on a more personal level to lead a more fulfilled ...
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2answers
89 views

How do the moral components of Randian Objectivism differ from Existentialism?

On Existentialism: [Kierkegaard] proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely ("authentically"). ...
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160 views

According to Existentialism, is the statement “I don't have a choice” a choice?

Determinism and Existentialism differ on a person's responsibility. In Determinism we don't have free will, but in Existentialism we can't avoid free will. Even when we try to avoid making a choice, ...
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77 views

Sartre - Being and Doing

I don't quite understand the quote, We shall never apprehend ourselves except as a choice in the making. But freedom is simply the fact that this choice is always unconditioned? (Jean Paul ...
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1answer
197 views

why “life” bother to exist when its literally just a bunch of atoms and particles? [closed]

There is no meaning to existence. It exists, and it disappears, everything in our perception will one day disappear, the world will end or the human race will end. The “You” means nothing to ...
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1answer
64 views

What are some book suggestions for further reading about Camus and the absurd, after reading the Stranger and Myth of Sisyphus?

I read The Stranger a long time ago, but I'm sure I missed a lot. More recently I've read a bit of Kierkegaard and now I'm making my way through The Myth of Sisyphus (and am more inclined to agree ...
3
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1answer
104 views

Existential authenticity (especially in Sartre) - being frustrated

I suppose that the two things that first spring to mind about Sartre's "authenticity" is Existence precedes essence (a kind of responsibility for what we make of ourselves) Inauthenticity is ...
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2answers
164 views

Does existentialism rule out the existence of a rational world?

I have no grounding in philosophy, but I have just this minute been reading a few articles about existentialism. I was confused by its apparent rejection of rationalism. I understand that this ...
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3answers
187 views

Why do some philosophers write literature?

Why do some philosophers write literature? Bataille's main medium of propounding his philosophy was through his literature (though he wrote many notable essays expounding upon his views). One of his ...
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135 views

Truth is subjectivity

What does Kierkegaard mean when he says " Truth is subjectivity " in his book - Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments. Since "Subjectivity refers to how someone's judgment is ...
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1answer
98 views

On Sartres Nothingness and Nausea

The introduction to Sartre's philosophical novel Nausea is by Hayden Carruth and he quotes Jaspers: "The non-rational is found in the opacity of the here and now, … in the actual empirical existence ...
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120 views

Existential priority and modality

Since existence is logically or conceptually prior to necessity, it would seem that "necessary existence" is an incoherent assertion. Therefore, what is the status of "necessity" as a modal claim? ...
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118 views

In what senses is immortality both possible and desirable? [closed]

It seems that no one can live forever. Is there anything that can rightfully be called "immortality", which is both desirable and a genuine response to the problem of mortality?
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1answer
124 views

The man who wants to die

This is a phrase I stumbled across in Deleuze work on Nietzsche, but I don't know of where it appears in the latter's work. e.g. the distinction between the last man and the man who wants to die ...
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96 views

The three metamorphoses of spirit

Three metamorphoses of the spirit do I designate to you: how the spirit becometh a camel, the camel a lion, and the lion at last a child... To create new values—that, even the lion cannot yet ...
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153 views

Does any “nihilist” philosopher nevertheless place value on synthesizing nihility [closed]

Theodor Adorno opens his treatise on negative dialectics with the statement that "[it] is a phrase that flouts tradition. As early as Plato, dialectics meant to achieve something positive by ...
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61 views

What is it to will meaninglessness [closed]

Suppose I were able, willing to and had willed the valuelessness of everything in my life. What would that mean to philosophers like Nietzsche? Is this what the "will to nothingness" is?
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222 views

What is the quote on how we cannot not choose (existentialism)?

Okay, so some existentialist philosopher has said that we always choose. Even refraining from choosing is a choice. I think it was Sartre, but I am unable to find the exact quote (if there is one?). ...
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37 views

A joke on existentialism [duplicate]

First can somebody explain me the meaning of "Existentialism" in a layman's term. I looked up Wikipedia and some other sites but I am not getting the definition. In an episode of 'Criminal Minds', a ...
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92 views

Is the last man a christian and if so what sort [closed]

Here are two possible examples: A I can't think of much more mediocre, personally for me, than a lapsed Christian that expects God's sacrifice to save them. Let us call this a "christian nihilist" ...
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2answers
343 views

What did Camus mean when he wrote “All thoughts are anthropomorphic”?

I am currently reading the Myth of Sisyphus and I came across the following: All thoughts are anthropomorphic My Interpretation Prior to reading this, I had no idea what "anthropomorphic" ...
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35 views

Reference suggestions - Contemporary Western Philosophy

I want to read following topics Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; ...
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236 views

Why does Sartre say one cannot be anything unless others recognize one as such?

I was reading "Existentialism is a humanism" here. Though most of it is clear, I have trouble understanding how he makes the below claim which comes near the end of the lecture. How do you go from "I ...
4
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1answer
246 views

Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
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194 views

Is Rilke an existentialist?

This isn't really an aesthetics question, but a question of interpreting a poem philosophically; a kind of philosophical hermeneutics of poetry; Rilke is well-known as a metaphysical poet. Towards ...
4
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3answers
902 views

Isn't Nietzsche's Übermensch idea self-contradictory?

Doesn't Nietzsche's Übermensch contradicts itself in that understanding everything would enable propagation of that understanding? Wouldn't Nietzsche's Übermensch eventually fully understand how the ...
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182 views

Why does Kierkegaard suggest indolence makes ressentiment dangerous?

Nietzsche is well known for his notion of ressentiment which he had taken from Kierkegaard and develops in the Anti-Christ; Kierkegaard notes In the Present Age the positive value of ressentiment in ...
3
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1answer
116 views

Sartre and Existentialism

Can we cultivate ethics or morals from Sartre's existentialist perspective? What does he mean by a world where not only God does not exist but “Man” too? Is it a different world than Nietzsche's ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Existentialism in relation to Roberto Unger's Beyond Nihilism

Roberto Mangabeira Unger's series of talks Beyond Nihilism sorts historical religions and other -isms (democracy, liberalism, socialism, romantizism etc.) eloquently into three orientations, namely ...
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2k views

Who are some anti-existentialist philosophers and what were there arguments against it?

I have done quite a bit of research into this and I simply cannot find much at all about arguments against existentialism aside from determinism, religious arguments and essentialism, let alone any ...
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42 views

How did Antiquity deal with the disappearance of the Transcendent?

In Western Philosophy, Existentialism heeding Nietzches call was the first philosophy that dealt with the loss of the transcendent in a formal way. Whereas prior to him, it anchored, or rather was ...
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179 views

Sartrian Freedom Compatible with Determinism?

In Being and Nothingness, Sartre talks about how humans are "condemned to be free". But I was wondering if, because Sartre's philosophy is phenomenological ontology, what this really amounts to is ...
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1answer
632 views

Can Something Exist in Nothing (Outside the bounds of our Universe)?

I have always been intrigued by cosmology and the idea that there is a possibility that absolutely nothing exists beyond our universe. Now I know that there are many theories regarding the universe ...
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1k views

Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...