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Willing the future

Seems pretty difficult to will the whole of human history like Nietzsche suggests; I wouldn't call it evil, but to say it could not be improved upon seems quite silly. Does Nietzsche ever mention ...
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1answer
59 views

On Sartres Nothingness and Nausea

The introduction to Sartre's philosophical novel Nausea is by Hayden Carruth and he quotes Jaspers: "The non-rational is found in the opacity of the here and now, … in the actual empirical existence ...
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2answers
80 views

Existential priority and modality

Since existence is logically or conceptually prior to necessity, it would seem that "necessary existence" is an incoherent assertion. Therefore, what is the status of "necessity" as a modal claim? ...
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2answers
72 views

In what senses is immortality both possible and desirable? [closed]

It seems that no one can live forever. Is there anything that can rightfully be called "immortality", which is both desirable and a genuine response to the problem of mortality?
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1answer
91 views

The man who wants to die

This is a phrase I stumbled across in Deleuze work on Nietzsche, but I don't know of where it appears in the latter's work. e.g. the distinction between the last man and the man who wants to die ...
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48 views

The three metamorphoses of spirit

Three metamorphoses of the spirit do I designate to you: how the spirit becometh a camel, the camel a lion, and the lion at last a child... To create new values—that, even the lion cannot yet ...
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49 views

Suicidal fantasies as a means to overcome anxiety on death

If I remember correctly, Heidegger characterizes this sort of thinking as inauthentic, but doesn't mention suicide explicitly. Is there anyone that does, or mashes up H. with say Camus ?
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2answers
73 views

Does any “nihilist” philosopher nevertheless place value on synthesizing nihility

Theodor Adorno opens his treatise on negative dialectics with the statement that "[it] is a phrase that flouts tradition. As early as Plato, dialectics meant to achieve something positive by ...
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2answers
53 views

What is it to will meaninglessness

Suppose I were able, willing to and had willed the valuelessness of everything in my life. What would that mean to philosophers like Nietzsche? Is this what the "will to nothingness" is?
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1answer
56 views

What is the quote on how we cannot not choose (existentialism)?

Okay, so some existentialist philosopher has said that we always choose. Even refraining from choosing is a choice. I think it was Sartre, but I am unable to find the exact quote (if there is one?). ...
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28 views

A joke on existentialism [duplicate]

First can somebody explain me the meaning of "Existentialism" in a layman's term. I looked up Wikipedia and some other sites but I am not getting the definition. In an episode of 'Criminal Minds', a ...
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1answer
85 views

Is the last man a christian and if so what sort [closed]

Here are two possible examples: A I can't think of much more mediocre, personally for me, than a lapsed Christian that expects God's sacrifice to save them. Let us call this a "christian nihilist" ...
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2answers
159 views

What did Camus mean when he wrote “All thoughts are anthropomorphic”?

I am currently reading the Myth of Sisyphus and I came across the following: All thoughts are anthropomorphic My Interpretation Prior to reading this, I had no idea what "anthropomorphic" ...
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24 views

Reference suggestions - Contemporary Western Philosophy

I want to read following topics Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; ...
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2answers
207 views

Why does Sartre say one cannot be anything unless others recognize one as such?

I was reading "Existentialism is a humanism" here. Though most of it is clear, I have trouble understanding how he makes the below claim which comes near the end of the lecture. How do you go from "I ...
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1answer
123 views

Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
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0answers
100 views

Is Rilke an existentialist?

This isn't really an aesthetics question, but a question of interpreting a poem philosophically; a kind of philosophical hermeneutics of poetry; Rilke is well-known as a metaphysical poet. Towards ...
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3answers
570 views

Isn't Nietzsche's Übermensch idea self-contradictory?

Doesn't Nietzsche's Übermensch contradicts itself in that understanding everything would enable propagation of that understanding? Wouldn't Nietzsche's Übermensch eventually fully understand how the ...
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0answers
109 views

Why does Kierkegaard suggest indolence makes ressentiment dangerous?

Nietzsche is well known for his notion of ressentiment which he had taken from Kierkegaard and develops in the Anti-Christ; Kierkegaard notes In the Present Age the positive value of ressentiment in ...
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1answer
92 views

Sartre and Existentialism

Can we cultivate ethics or morals from Sartre's existentialist perspective? What does he mean by a world where not only God does not exist but “Man” too? Is it a different world than Nietzsche's ...
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1answer
129 views

Existentialism in relation to Roberto Unger's Beyond Nihilism

Roberto Mangabeira Unger's series of talks Beyond Nihilism sorts historical religions and other -isms (democracy, liberalism, socialism, romantizism etc.) eloquently into three orientations, namely ...
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2answers
869 views

Who are some anti-existentialist philosophers and what were there arguments against it?

I have done quite a bit of research into this and I simply cannot find much at all about arguments against existentialism aside from determinism, religious arguments and essentialism, let alone any ...
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0answers
39 views

How did Antiquity deal with the disappearance of the Transcendent?

In Western Philosophy, Existentialism heeding Nietzches call was the first philosophy that dealt with the loss of the transcendent in a formal way. Whereas prior to him, it anchored, or rather was ...
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2answers
136 views

Sartrian Freedom Compatible with Determinism?

In Being and Nothingness, Sartre talks about how humans are "condemned to be free". But I was wondering if, because Sartre's philosophy is phenomenological ontology, what this really amounts to is ...
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1answer
381 views

Can Something Exist in Nothing (Outside the bounds of our Universe)?

I have always been intrigued by cosmology and the idea that there is a possibility that absolutely nothing exists beyond our universe. Now I know that there are many theories regarding the universe ...
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2answers
770 views

Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
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1answer
176 views

What are the Main Objections to Being and Nothingness?

I am currently in the process of reading Being and Nothingness. In the interest of getting through it, I have not been fully challenging Sartre's theory as I go along. Can someone point to the main ...
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2answers
297 views

what lies beyond absurdity?

What should I read to break out of the endless loop that brings me back to the absurdity of (my?) perceived reality? (I'm not talking on a human scale but on an endless time scale) If the question has ...
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10answers
2k views

What are some philosophical arguments for accepting absurdity?

In absurdist philosophy, the Absurd arises out of the fundamental disharmony between the individual's search for meaning and the meaninglessness of the universe. As beings looking for meaning in a ...
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2answers
105 views

Does Sartre deny the existence of an excuse?

In L'Existentialisme he writes extensively how since we are born free, condemned to be so in fact, we are only shaped by the actions and choices that we make. With this isolation, does he destroy the ...
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1answer
147 views

The reality of self [closed]

A person is perceived and judged by their actions. Frequently the intention or motive of a person's actions can be misunderstood or misinterpreted for a variety of factors. A few possible factors ...
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2answers
494 views

Man's Relation to AI vs. God's Relation to Man

I have been a hacker and programmer since I was 14 and I have done advanced education and research in Artificial Intelligence. We all know that we do not yet have a computer entity that is "truly" ...
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4answers
144 views

Origins of fear [closed]

What is the fear and from where it comes? Why someone feels just having people accompany daily, and is afraid of being even more alone?
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1answer
1k views

Existentialism and the absensce of free will

One of the most famous doctrines of existentialism formulated by Jean Paul Sartre is that we are absolutely free. Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible ...
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1answer
181 views

Is Camus 'Outsider' an argument for, or a critique of existentialism?

I've read Camus 'Outsider' twice. And have seen it acted out in the theatre. I do not think I understand it, though I can admire Camus prose style. Its often taken as canonical in existentialist ...
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3answers
8k views

What does Sartre mean when he says people are “condemned to be free”?

What did Jean-Paul Sartre mean when he said that because there is no creator, humans are "Condemned to be Free"?
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1answer
528 views

what are the differences of existentialism to epicurianism?

Although not an expert, I do see many similarities on both these currents' focus on man himself, aboloshing all idols and taking control of his fate. Are there any real differences between these two ...
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3answers
243 views

'Meaning of life' as per Viktor Frankl's Man's search for Meaning

I recently read 'Man's search for Meaning' by Viktor Frankl. It was a very moving book and in it the author describes three ways in which a man may find meaning in his life. 1.Through some creative ...
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11answers
3k views

Rationality of Suicide?

I came across a story about a kid who committed suicide after carefully calculating the benefits of life and deciding it was not worth living. I am wondering if any philosopher has considered the ...
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2answers
359 views

Is existentialism the “practical” nihilism?

Nihilism states that no matter what you do, it's meaningless. But how do you decide then, what to do? A few years back I read "The Myth of Sisyphus" by Camus, in which he tackles the question, if ...
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1answer
196 views

Has Descartes also been analyzed from a psychological point of view, including the circumstances of his time?

One way to look at "cogito ergo sum" is as an interesting intellectual thought. But Descartes clearly indicates that he actually had this thought in winter 1619 under very special circumstances: I ...
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3answers
1k views

What is an existentialist?

When watching this speech by the Atari founder, he says (at 09:19): If you're a true existentialist [...] you want to have an interesting life. Thus, if someone says he or she is an ...
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6answers
315 views

Do Kierkegaard's non-pseudonymous writings enable one to understand Kierkegaard's philosophy much?

As I read them, Kierkegaard's writings can be split into two groups: the mostly philosophical psuedonymous, and more theological non-pseudonymous works. I have read primarily the pseudonymous works ...
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7answers
739 views

Is atheism a requirement for a consistent existentialist philosophy?

Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to be the "father of existentialism". This always bothered me, since to me Sartre and Camus are the defining figures of the movement, and it seems that there ...