concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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Why is this an appeal to pity? Is it truly a fallacy?

I tried http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_pity. I kmow I flunked every exam, but if I don't pass this course, I'll have to retake it in summer school. You have to let me pass! Why is this ...
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How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
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Is this an Ad Hominem attack?

"I can only deduce that if you spout pro-palestinian rhetoric, and ignore that they are the initial aggressor because you aren't concerned with that truth, and you site Youtube as your source (as ...
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93 views

Is this a fallacy?

Recently, I've been thinking about constructing an argument consisting of either a tautology or something you can't attack, to make it more convincing. In my opinion this is not allowed and I used to ...
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In postmodernism, is reason and logic an “absolute truth” to be jettisoned? [closed]

I'm interested in but not educated in philosophy. I was having a discussion with an acquaintance who considers himself a postmodernist philosopher. In our discussion, it became clear that, in his ...
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Is Laurence Krauss's statement “something can come from nothing” a misleading statement? [closed]

I’ve been reading/watching all interviews I can find on the topic, but I’ve come up short answering my question. I fear I HAVE understood Laurence Krauss and that it IS as I fear. I really need to ...
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96 views

Complete list of logical fallacies [closed]

I have done some reading around philosophy SO and found a lot of known logical 'fallacies'. I have noticed them being used by quite a few individuals around me. I am looking to get as complete as ...
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Fallacy in a Rhetorical Question? “Why do you think…?”

Let's kick it off with an example. Assume someone asks you: "Why do you think/believe elephants are smaller than mosquitoes?" Whilst you have never claimed that you actually think/believe that. The ...
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Does the fallacy in “it's true because I would like it to be true” have a name?

Intuitively (dare I say logically), this concept appears to be a logical fallacy. Is it actually a "formal" fallacy and does it have a name? Reincarnation must be true because I wouldn't want to ...
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138 views

If one is presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond any reasonable doubt, why wrongful convictions are so common?

Is it because we don't get the actual meaning of "proven" so we implement the concept in a faulty way ? Is it because "reasonable" varies too much from person to person ? Is it because the ...
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Ad Hominem vs. Accountability

Imagine someone who you know is a defender of an idea, let's call it idea A. Than one day, you see her defending the opposite idea, idea B, in a group that you know supports idea B. When you ...
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What is this type of logical fallacy called?

If the Principal of a school says that unruly boys will not be allowed to play games and if someone concludes that it is perfectly fine for unruly girls to play games, what is the fallacy called as?
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Argument Analysis: Is this argument a slippery slope?

I am having trouble determining whether this statement is a slippery slope, but cannot think of any other option. I am looking at this as A leads to B and that leads to a catastrophic C, but not sure ...
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506 views

What is the name of the following logical fallacy?

A:Do you adore chocolate cake? B:No. (But he likes it) A:Oh, B hates chocolate cake!
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Does this reduction to the absurd bastardize the technique?

I have a small-claims matter pending with the courts in my state. Here, self-represented parties are required to attend an information session, which I attended today. During this session the ...
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55 views

What kind of a fallacy or paradox is this?

Suppose a person claims, I do not trust my intuition often but when I trust it I often come out to be right. Since the person turns out to be right most often whenever he trusts his ...
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A fallacy for unjustified blame

Is there a name or definition for the following fallacy (if you can even call it that): Peter decides that the team will use Product A. While using Product A, the team encounters problems. ...
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Is “we can't do good because bad exists” a logical fallacy?

Being in tech, I've heard something like this a lot: "I can't believe our culture is spending time and money on [self driving cars/taxi hailing apps/robots/etc.] when there's so much ...
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163 views

Which logical fallacy could this be?

I know that the following reasoning is a logical fallacy, but I don't know how to classify it: "For all A there is a corresponding B. Therefore for all B there is a corresponding A." It is not ...
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Not knowing original (scientific) research fallacy

I was having a discussion with a friend after one too many Gin and Tonics about UK drugs policy. I recently read "Drugs - Without the Hot Air: Minimising the Harms of Legal and Illegal Drugs" by ...
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Is there a term for the “God of the Gaps” fallacy sans God?

As I understand the "God of the Gaps" fallacy, it's summed up as: We don't have an explanation for this phenomenon. The lack of explanation proves that God did it. This same logic can be ...
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226 views

Evaluating proof of conspiracy theories is time consuming.

It's established that the burden of proof rests on the party making a claim. The problem I find, is that for any conspiracy theory - the proponent can point to a multitude of conspiracy websites or ...
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Does this fallacy about laws and crimes have a name?

In the following assertion: We should cancel the crime of murder so that the number of homicides will drop to zero The speaker is confusing the legal status of something (murder) with the bare ...
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How do I understand “Begging the question” in philosophical context?

I understand the fallacy of begging the question's definition. but I can't see why this fallacy's name should be "begging the question." According to the Macmillan's English dictionary, "to beg the ...
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348 views

Conspiracy theories: an argument from silence, or appeal to ignorance?

Conspiracy theorists often claim that a lack of evidence for the alleged conspiracy only goes to show just how powerful the conspiracy really is because it can suppress the evidence. Is this an ...
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Does this fallacy have a name? (Other than ad hominem)

There is a strong argument for X. I presented it to A. Nevertheless, A rejects X. Therefore, A is a moron. (Rarely will you hear "moron" outright, but depressingly common are "afraid of the truth", ...
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How accepted and comprehensive is Fallacy Files?

I'm sure many here are familiar with Gary N. Curtis's Fallacy Files. Curtis has developed a taxonomy of fallacies, and defined each fallacy therein. How accepted and comprehensive are the taxonomy and ...
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Are all fallacies created equal?

That is, are some fallacies considered worse than others, or does each fallacy have the same weight? For example, are formal fallacies considered "worse" than informal fallacies or vice versa? For ...
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Logical fallacy: Wealthy person who takes public office can't be corrupt

“If Frenkel is only interested in money why would he leave a position that pays him 20 to 30 times the salary to be Bank of Israel Governor?” Lapid said in a fiery interview with Israel Radio’s ...
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What do you call a question that is built upon a condition that can never happen? And how do I approach it?

DISCLAIMER: I not a philosophy student. I am just confused and trying to seek an answer. Suppose I am sincerely concerned and asked this question: I should keep a pink unicorn in my back yard, but ...
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Fallacy: shifting the point of the conversation

A: "Biologically men and women are different, and therefore it shouldn't surprise they have different salary on average". B: "That is obvious. But you cannot derive from such a difference in terms of ...
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239 views

“Fallacy of failure to comprehend”? [closed]

Is there a name for the logical fallacy of assuming that if one can't personally understand something, it must not be valid? For example, I've heard people refuting scientific evidence on the ...
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126 views

What is this type of faulty reasoning called?

If one were to reason that most poor people worry about money and most UBER-wealthy people don't worry about money, and they want to be UBER-wealthy, than they should simply not worry about money... ...
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Is it an informal fallacy to call an argument ridiculous without pointing out the flaw?

I think it is one kind of informal fallacy to dismiss a logical argument by just calling it ridiculous without actually showing how the argument is invalid. At first, I thought it to be ad hominem as ...
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is “2+3=6, then 2+3+1=7” an example of a fallacy fallacy?

Is "if 2+3=6, then 2+3+1=7" an example of a fallacy fallacy or argumentum ad logicam? I believe it is an example of fallacy fallacy, but I'm not able to show it. I only think it is a fallacy because ...
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Is the argument 'you cannot claim that “God doesn't exist” because you cannot demonstrate this inexistence' an argumentum ad ignorantiam?

I'm able to tell this is an example of argumentum ad ignorantiam, "I can't prove the existence of god, therefore, god doesn't exist." But what about the sentence "One should never claim that "God ...
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Need help to identify fallacy and/or bias

Never posted on this stack site before, so I hope I'm not being rude. I would like to know what bias, fallacy, or combination thereof is involved in the case of treating a (probably rotating) group ...
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150 views

Which logical fallacy is this?

"You can trust that academics know the truth because they have tenure and are free to think for themselves." Question: What percentage actually have tenure? Does having tenure mean you're right ...
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206 views

What is meant by an Appeal?

To Appeal to a concept would seem to originally be (in the day of Greek metaphysics) a somewhat poetic device metaphorically gesturing toward whatever concept understanding might be sought from. ...
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What's so fallacious about the Slippery Slope Fallacy?

When you look at the world, I think it's a rather non-controversial statement that a good percentage, if not a majority, of social problems are caused by people making choices based solely on ...
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Does the ad hominem fallacy only apply when used against individuals, or is it also a fallacy when used against organizations?

I know that the strict translation of ad hominem is against the person, but still I wonder if the logical fallacy named ad hominem is equally applicable when used against organizations. For example, ...
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What logical fallacy is made in this statement?

Consider this text: Researchers conducted two different types of test on a large group of people. After that, the researchers subjected the people to situations like Z and noted their response R. ...
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Is there a name for this fallacy? A implies B; B implies A; therefore A

Is there a name for the following false syllogism? A implies B and B implies A therefore A For example: If unicorns exist then they have horns, by the definition of a unicorn. But in order for ...
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What is the logical fallacy in this statement?

I found the following statement on this Creationist site. If a fair maiden kisses a frog which instantly changes into a handsome prince we would call it a fairy tale. But if the frog takes 40 ...
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771 views

What is the best way to learn logical fallacies? [closed]

I want to learn logic better, I know a few fallacies but I've read no books mostly just stuff on the Internet. I see them everywhere, but sometimes I don't know what the fallacy is called. I am a ...
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335 views

Identifying a specific fallacy in the “Primitive Amazon” meme

So basically I came through this fallacious argument/image: . Which translates into: Without stress Without bombs Without beggars Without prisons Without junk food Without external ...
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Is there a fallacy in the 'if everyone does it' argument? [closed]

I often hear the environmentalists around me talk about how if everyone saved paper, we would as a collective save millions of trees. Is this kind of statement logically sound?
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We may often take fallacies as truth without knowing it, what great book you've ever read that can best help us spot fallacies? [closed]

What book do you recommend that I can read if I don't want to be fooled by fallacies?
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Is “if A then B; B therefore A” a subset of the “post hoc” fallacy?

Recently, I read the following comment: If you aren't pissing someone off some of the time, you're not doing anything very useful or interesting. The context was that some people were pissed off ...
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What, if any, common fallacy would relate to an appeal to the importance or gravity of a situation?

Is there any common fallacy that might fit the following 'syllogism'? X is important, or urgent Therefore, X Here's an example of a conversation where this could come up: It's conceivable that ...