concerns logical fallacies, which are errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption

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Is there a name or category for these misleading propositions?

Example I never lost in tennis against Roger Federer. It's a negation and 'true' but it's misleading. In fact I never played tennis against Federer. I'm looking for a name or a category for ...
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Is the science Physics allowed to ignore the rules of Philosophy of Science resp. the Scientific Method [on hold]

The Scientific Method in Science determines that premises, on which a theory is based, must be experimental verified, when possible. It is however possible that theories of the past are based on ...
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Can someone identify the fallacy based on the below example?

I was talking to a small business owner the other day. When asked why they never incorporated in order to limit their liability, their explanation was, to paraphrase, "nothing bad has happened to us ...
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What is the fallacy or bias that causes some to think “fatwa” means “death sentence” called?

Some people think that "fatwa" means "death sentence". From RationalWiki: The best-known sort of fatwa in the West is that which calls for the death of a blasphemer; e.g., the fatwa by ...
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Is there a word for a fallacy made by a listener instead of a speaker?

I've been thinking about misunderstandings that occur when people have philosophical discussions. Often somebody can make an entirely cogent argument, but then the other person misunderstands what has ...
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birds of a feather flock together and guit by association

There is a saying "birds of a feather flock together" which usually boils down to People of similar character, background, or taste tend to congregate or associate with one another. Yet guilt by ...
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The Fallacy of Contraposition for Counterfactuals?

Example: 1.If Boris had gone (to the party), then O would still have gone. 2. Therefore, if O had not gone, then B would not have gone. Analysis: Suppose B wanted to go , but stayed away ... ...
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Analysis of an example - Fallacy of Strengthening the Antecedent

The following continues this question, but I post separately for want of shorter, pithier questions. Analysis: ...I assumed mistakenly that starting at 5 (which is well before 6) would get me to ...
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Intuition - The Fallacy of Transitivity (for Counterfactuals)

I know almost no philosophy so please simplify all feedback. While I understand this Analysis for the example, I still don't understand the general, but deeper reasons for the possible failure of ...
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Intuition - Fallacy of Strengthening the Antecedent

1. What's the intuition behind the wrongness of this Fallacy (the structure of which I typed here)? 2. Please explain why this fallacy is named Strengthening the Antecedent? I guess that R is the ...
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An example - Fallacy of Strengthening the Antecedent

I define S as sentence. I simplify the items in the original example to streamline it. All times are in AM. S1. Necessarily, if [R.] I had started at 5 then [P.] I started before 6. S2. If it ...
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Logically valid but fallacious?

BUT informal fallacies are not limited to problematic arguments but also to problematic techniques in many contexts of rhetoric and argumentation. Thus, it need not be logically invalid to be ...
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Is there a name for a “You benefited therefore you did it” fallacy?

When talking about conspiracies, you often hear things like group X benefited from event Y therefore group X must have caused event Y I'm sure everyone knows lots of examples: 9-11, ISIS, ...
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Equivocation Fallacy: When the context of similarity is not the context of the argument

I often hear or read statements that seem to have a similar type of fallacious reasoning about it. I want to know if there is a name this type of fallacy: Top women chess players have a lower draw ...
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How is this 'implication' valid, about chess for women?

Throughout the history of the game, chess has been dominated by males. More men play the game and more spectators are male. Of course, there are many female chess players in the game today, ...
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“But I'm a good person!” - What logical fallacy is this? And how to argue against it?

In a recent argument, a friend repeatedly countered my claims with ideas of self that had been reinforced over time: But I'm a nice person. I'm self-reflective; I would never do that. I am ...
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What is the name of the following logical fallacy ? Is it really a fallacy?

Suppose, person A fires person B because B behaved unethically and ignored the company's code of conduct. A, however, did not have enough evidence. He later did find evidence, but that doesn't justify ...
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What is the name of the following logical fallacy?

Person 1: "Everything in the universe has a cause, so the universe itself must have a cause" Person 2: "Not necessarily. Think about a brick wall. That's like saying just because the bricks that ...
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Conviction about a system from pseudo-proofs of its truths

I vaguely recall a description about manifestations of the truths offered by a system being pseudo-proofs for that system to be right, in a context in which logical certainty is not possible. Consider ...
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Tu quoque and scientific anti-philosophy [closed]

Unless I misunderstood this recent thread, the scientifically minded can legitimately only believe in science (not philosophy), and what is "robust and reliable", it's just that they don't prove it's ...
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Is appeal to conspiracy a fallacy?

I was kind of wondering this. A lot of people seem to appeal to some kind of conspiracy to support their views. I can think of numerous examples: Anti-Vaccine people claim conspiracy by 'Big ...
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Is “do as caesar does” a fallacy?

Is there a name for the fallacy that to do something one has to do it as its most famous / powerful proponent does? I'm thinking about Marxism.
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What's this fallacy called, when 'we cannot clearly distinguish one thing'?

1. And in this article Russell took on a well-known fallacy that plagues legal as well as political argument. Lawyers all too often argue that if we cannot clearly distinguish one thing from ...
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Help understanding logical fallacies in this statment

I'm trying to understand the arguments and logic that make up the three statements statements below (taken from the graphic novel Persepolis as the government's arguments for making women covering ...
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Is it always wrong to deny the antecedent?

Denying the antecedent: "if p then q,not p, therefore not q" OK that's clearly invalid, but I was recently in an argument with someone who asserted some p in support of some q, and I pointed out that ...
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The Fallacy of Instantaneouity?

I have taughty myself a good deal of fallacies listed here. I did not find the fallacy I am looking for. I presuppose this is a fallacy. If this presupposition is wrong; I would like to know if it is ...
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Logical Form of an Appeal to Probability

How can you express an "Appeal to Probability" argument in a logical notation? Feel free to use any forms or renditions of logic, including APL, as I know there are different symbols that can be used. ...
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How and why is this an equivocation (logical fallacy)?

I tried this reference, but don't perceive the following, at 60%-way down this page: "Nothing is better than" Margarine is better than nothing. Nothing is better than butter. ...
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Why is this an appeal to pity? Is it truly a fallacy?

I tried http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_pity. I kmow I flunked every exam, but if I don't pass this course, I'll have to retake it in summer school. You have to let me pass! Why is this ...
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169 views

How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
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Is this an Ad Hominem attack?

"I can only deduce that if you spout pro-palestinian rhetoric, and ignore that they are the initial aggressor because you aren't concerned with that truth, and you site Youtube as your source (as ...
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Is this a fallacy?

Recently, I've been thinking about constructing an argument consisting of either a tautology or something you can't attack, to make it more convincing. In my opinion this is not allowed and I used to ...
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In postmodernism, is reason and logic an “absolute truth” to be jettisoned? [closed]

I'm interested in but not educated in philosophy. I was having a discussion with an acquaintance who considers himself a postmodernist philosopher. In our discussion, it became clear that, in his ...
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Is Laurence Krauss's statement “something can come from nothing” a misleading statement? [closed]

I’ve been reading/watching all interviews I can find on the topic, but I’ve come up short answering my question. I fear I HAVE understood Laurence Krauss and that it IS as I fear. I really need to ...
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Complete list of logical fallacies [closed]

I have done some reading around philosophy SO and found a lot of known logical 'fallacies'. I have noticed them being used by quite a few individuals around me. I am looking to get as complete as ...
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Fallacy in a Rhetorical Question? “Why do you think…?”

Let's kick it off with an example. Assume someone asks you: "Why do you think/believe elephants are smaller than mosquitoes?" Whilst you have never claimed that you actually think/believe that. The ...
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Does the fallacy in “it's true because I would like it to be true” have a name?

Intuitively (dare I say logically), this concept appears to be a logical fallacy. Is it actually a "formal" fallacy and does it have a name? Reincarnation must be true because I wouldn't want to ...
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If one is presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond any reasonable doubt, why wrongful convictions are so common?

Is it because we don't get the actual meaning of "proven" so we implement the concept in a faulty way ? Is it because "reasonable" varies too much from person to person ? Is it because the ...
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Ad Hominem vs. Accountability

Imagine someone who you know is a defender of an idea, let's call it idea A. Than one day, you see her defending the opposite idea, idea B, in a group that you know supports idea B. When you ...
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What is this type of logical fallacy called?

If the Principal of a school says that unruly boys will not be allowed to play games and if someone concludes that it is perfectly fine for unruly girls to play games, what is the fallacy called as?
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Argument Analysis: Is this argument a slippery slope?

I am having trouble determining whether this statement is a slippery slope, but cannot think of any other option. I am looking at this as A leads to B and that leads to a catastrophic C, but not sure ...
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540 views

What is the name of the following logical fallacy?

A:Do you adore chocolate cake? B:No. (But he likes it) A:Oh, B hates chocolate cake!
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Does this reduction to the absurd bastardize the technique?

I have a small-claims matter pending with the courts in my state. Here, self-represented parties are required to attend an information session, which I attended today. During this session the ...
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What kind of a fallacy or paradox is this?

Suppose a person claims, I do not trust my intuition often but when I trust it I often come out to be right. Since the person turns out to be right most often whenever he trusts his ...
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A fallacy for unjustified blame

Is there a name or definition for the following fallacy (if you can even call it that): Peter decides that the team will use Product A. While using Product A, the team encounters problems. ...
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Is “we can't do good because bad exists” a logical fallacy?

Being in tech, I've heard something like this a lot: "I can't believe our culture is spending time and money on [self driving cars/taxi hailing apps/robots/etc.] when there's so much ...
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Which logical fallacy could this be?

I know that the following reasoning is a logical fallacy, but I don't know how to classify it: "For all A there is a corresponding B. Therefore for all B there is a corresponding A." It is not ...
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Not knowing original (scientific) research fallacy

I was having a discussion with a friend after one too many Gin and Tonics about UK drugs policy. I recently read "Drugs - Without the Hot Air: Minimising the Harms of Legal and Illegal Drugs" by ...
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Is there a term for the “God of the Gaps” fallacy sans God?

As I understand the "God of the Gaps" fallacy, it's summed up as: We don't have an explanation for this phenomenon. The lack of explanation proves that God did it. This same logic can be ...
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Evaluating proof of conspiracy theories is time consuming.

It's established that the burden of proof rests on the party making a claim. The problem I find, is that for any conspiracy theory - the proponent can point to a multitude of conspiracy websites or ...