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5
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2answers
138 views

Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Buber's “It-world”: original German? [closed]

Does anyone know how what Kaufman renders as "It-world" (in "I and Thou") appears in the original German?
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Where does Kant say that we are unable to understand God on the basis on his representation in the bible?

I believe the passage I am looking for comes from Critique of Pure Reason. He says something to the effect that we are unable to understand how the representation of God can be both both totally ...
4
votes
5answers
619 views

What should I read before reading Hegel's “Phenomenology of Spirit”?

Are there some writings that I should make myself familiar with beforehand, in order to rightly understand Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit? I am thinking of works like Spinoza's Ethics German ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Are there better terms to translate Present-at-hand and Ready-to-hand?

These are both Heideggerian terms. Present-at-hand translates vorhanden and Vorhandenheit. It roughly denotes theoretical knowledge. Ready-to-hand translates griffbereit, zuhanden and Zuhandenheit. ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Does Rand appropriate Kants Categorical Imperative?

Rand doesn't explicitly refer to Kant in her ouevre, however in her first essay in her book Objectivist Ethics, Rand writes: The basic social principal of the Objectivist ethics is that just as ...
6
votes
2answers
478 views

What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Why does Schelling characterise his philosophy as Positive as opposed to the Negative Philosophy of Kant and Hegel?

According to the Routledges History of Philosophy, Vol 6 - The Age of German Idealism, Schelling had begun to characterize his new standpoint as “positive philosophy,” in contradistinction to the ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

What are the limitations of Hegels Dialectic that Schelling identified?

According to this question: Marx did not need to invert historical idealism because Schelling had already shown the limitations of the dialectic process Hegels dialectic, roughly, is manifested ...
5
votes
1answer
271 views

What does “aggregative mechanical thought” mean in Frege's works?

In *The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry Into the Concept of Number" by G. Frege pages XV and XVi we read: A typical crudity confronts me, when I find calculation ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Any recommendation of books on Fichte's later period thoughts [closed]

It seems extremely difficult to find a book that elaborates on Fichte's later period (after Jena period) thoughts. Can anyone recommend me a book?
3
votes
1answer
701 views

Why is Hegel more important than Schelling?

I am curious why Hegel became more important than Schelling. First of all, how would Schelling's ideas differ from Hegel's? I read that there are some supernatural elements in Schelling's, but do not ...
4
votes
3answers
232 views

Are the arguments of the Critique of Pure Reason still considered?

Realizing its importance in intellectual history, I am considering an intense study of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. However, I wonder what the current status of the text is? To clarify: has it ...
4
votes
3answers
920 views

What is the appropriate English translation of the German terms “Realität” and “Wirklichkeit”?

In epistemology & ontology "Realität" relates to what we perceive as our environment - objects, sounds,.... So a optical illusion would be not real in sense of "Wirklichkeit", its not a real ...