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Reading Hegel's `Phenomenology of Spirit`

Are there some writings that I should make myself familiar with beforehand, in order to rightly understand Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit? I am thinking of works like Spinoza's Ethics German ...
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1answer
77 views

Are there better terms to translate Present-at-hand and Ready-to-hand?

These are both Heideggerian terms. Present-at-hand translates vorhanden and Vorhandenheit. It roughly denotes theoretical knowledge. Ready-to-hand translates griffbereit, zuhanden and Zuhandenheit. ...
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1answer
110 views

Does Rand appropriate Kants Categorical Imperative?

Rand doesn't explicitly refer to Kant in her ouevre, however in her first essay in her book Objectivist Ethics, Rand writes: The basic social principal of the Objectivist ethics is that just as ...
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241 views

What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian ...
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1answer
103 views

Why does Schelling characterise his philosophy as Positive as opposed to the Negative Philosophy of Kant and Hegel?

According to the Routledges History of Philosophy, Vol 6 - The Age of German Idealism, Schelling had begun to characterize his new standpoint as “positive philosophy,” in contradistinction to the ...
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94 views

What are the limitations of Hegels Dialectic that Schelling identified?

According to this question: Marx did not need to invert historical idealism because Schelling had already shown the limitations of the dialectic process Hegels dialectic, roughly, is manifested ...
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1answer
192 views

What does “aggregative mechanical thought” mean in Frege's works?

In *The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry Into the Concept of Number" by G. Frege pages XV and XVi we read: A typical crudity confronts me, when I find calculation ...
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0answers
55 views

Any recommendation of books on Fichte's later period thoughts

It seems extremely difficult to find a book that elaborates on Fichte's later period (after Jena period) thoughts. Can anyone recommend me a book?
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1answer
400 views

Why is Hegel more important than Schelling?

I am curious why Hegel became more important than Schelling. First of all, how would Schelling's ideas differ from Hegel's? I read that there are some supernatural elements in Schelling's, but do not ...
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2answers
179 views

Status of Critique of Pure Reason

Realizing its importance in intellectual history, I am considering an intense study of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. However, I wonder what the current status of the text is? To clarify: has it ...
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429 views

What is the appropriate English translation of the German terms “Realität” and “Wirklichkeit”?

In epistemology & ontology "Realität" relates to what we perceive as our environment - objects, sounds,.... So a optical illusion would be not real in sense of "Wirklichkeit", its not a real ...