The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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Who is a philosopher… and who isn't? [on hold]

Nowadays, most people seem to think of philosophy as an academic discipline that you study in university and that to be a philosopher is to be a professor of philosophy. However, according to eg. ...
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47 views

Why it is impossible to find a Pythagoras triangle (in integers), where two sides are powerful numbers? [on hold]

It is too elementary to prove this simple conjecture for primitive triplets, but this might had been a strong reason behind many unsolved problems in the history of mathematics, especially the most ...
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58 views

“All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore, Socrates is mortal” original quote

Where the syllogism "All men are mortal / Socrates is a man / Therefore, Socrates is mortal" first appeared?
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93 views

Are great philosophers resting sometimes from study?

Do they need sometimes to rest from the thoughts and the study of their work, like common people do and how often? I know it's a funny question but I wanted to post it and I hope they don't close it. ...
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Can all mathematical reasoning be translated into traditional logic?

Can all mathematical reasoning be translated into traditional (Aristotelian, syllogistic) logic? It would seem not ∵ one cannot syllogistically establish the validity of the reasoning in the ...
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51 views

Is there really something new happening in modern world, except from science and technology?

It's said that history repeats itself. It seems to me though in every field (apart from science and technology) most events are reoccurring, repeating themselves. Especially in political and social, ...
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301 views

What does mathematical constructivism gain philosophically?

Constructivists restrict the kind of entities they are willing to let into the mathematical domain; thus, e.g., Leopold Kronecker did not accept transcendental numbers as well as other entities (see ...
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1answer
40 views

What does it mean for 20th Century philosophers to lose 'touch with the great thinkers of the past'?

Source: p 232, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; not 2012 Reprint ed.) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy.  For much of the twentieth century philosophers had lost touch with the great ...
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590 views

What is the philosophical ground for distinguishing logic and mathematics?

I was wondering why the field of mathematics and that of logic are perceived as two distinct fields. Although could be pleased with the intuition that logic is rather meta-mathematics, still would ...
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1answer
95 views

Has philosophy from the end of the 19th century largely been forgotten?

I am wondering if this is something that other people think. It seems to me that during a period of time from the late 19th century to the early 20th, there are a large number of philosophers who ...
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2answers
101 views

Why should we listen to Michel Foucault if he based his arguments on biased historical claims?

I have only recently heard about philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault from a friend of mine. His claims, those concerning madness for example, sound iconoclastic to me. After looking up some ...
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50 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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1answer
41 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
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77 views

Does Cartesianism really affect our present-day culture?

Are the ideas of Cartesian philosophy (example of an old and well known ideology that clearly hasn't impact just because people read it) really so spead throughout the present-day Western culture, ...
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11 views

Paraphrased quote identifycation

I'm curious as to who, and I'm completely paraphraising, said that "one should, before becoming angry, diagnose the proper responce to a hurtful comment by looking not at how that person's actions ...
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3answers
99 views

Who/what was Horkheimer referring to when he said that “Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself.”?

In his 1941 Paper "The End of Reason", Max Horkheimer states the following: Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself. On one hand, he seems to be referring the ...
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565 views

What was Cantor's philosophical reason for accepting the infinite but rejecting the infinitesimal?

I have begun inquiring recently into mathematical aspects of Georg Cantor's theory of transfinite numbers and sets, which he developed between the years of 1874 and 1897. Throughout his theory, Cantor ...
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1answer
110 views

The mind-body problem in antiquity and the middle ages

In a sense the mind-body problem is in reality a whole set of problems which are all based on an alleged insurmountable difference between the mental and the physical. But this question is about the ...
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20 views

a relationship with the other

Bourriaud somewhere says: “artistic practice is always a relationship with the other, at the same time as it represents a relationship with the world”. Does he by "with the other" mean "with ...
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533 views

Why was Socrates put on trial and executed while Diogenes wasn't?

Given that Diogenes was much more disruptive in his attempts to spread philosophy, is there any reason he wasn't sentenced as Socrates was?
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208 views

What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?

Nietzsche (1844-1900) and Marx (1818-1883) weren't quite contemporaries, but both were prominent and influential German thinkers, and one might expect that they have at least heard of each other. Marx ...
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73 views

Is it possible to consolidate the philosophical traditions coming from different cultural spheres into a single unified philosophical cannon?

Most entry level philosophy courses tend to focus almost exclusively on Western Philosophy. They also tend to follow a historical narrative that follows the evolution of western thinking, as opposed ...
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1answer
26 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
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4answers
141 views

Can there be an infinite regress of Creators?

One of the replies to the argument from first cause for the universe being created by God is that there is no apriori reason against there simply being an infinite number of causes, or an infinite ...
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8answers
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Why are western Philosophers not fair to Indian philosophers?

I have been browsing these philosophical pages on web for some time. Can someone explain this taboo regarding Indian philosophy when ever it comes in discussion.
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What was Einstein's contribution to philosophy?

Daniel Dennett, in a lecture abut Darwin, mentions Newton, Darwin, Skinner, Turing, Gödel, and Einstein as 6 "non-philosophers" who have had a major impact on philosophy. I can see how the other 5 had ...
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1answer
68 views

How did the idea of fate arise?

Once I read that Stoics thought that both humans and animals have no free will, because they are just dragged by fate against their will. How did they come to this idea without any knowledge of brain ...
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38 views

Literal vs. common translations of “Eudaemonia”

In the (very few) courses on philosophy that I've taken we've always talked about "Eudaemonia" and my teachers/classmates/textbooks/internet searches always translate it as "the flourishing life". ...
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4answers
84 views

Circa 2002, did most philosophers consider philosophical thoughts 'situated'?

Source: p 58, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig.  Could Plato and Hobbes, 2,000 years apart, with their different backgrounds and circumstances, really have been ...
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being in the city ‘off-limits’ or ‘inconceivable’ as much as conceivable

Can anybody explain what the bold sentence want to say? Context: And whilst cities obviously contain bodies, bodies also contain cities. In fact, the city itself functions as an ...
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187 views

Is it thought that analytic philosophy is in decline?

I would like to know from someone who has closely followed contemporary analytic philosophy if this idea has any currency. So by "is it thought" I mean is it a general trend or mood. The reason for ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the meaning of “using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house” in Derrida?

Can anyone help me with the meaning of this sentence? "For Derrida deconstruction is "to attempt an exit and a deconstruction without changing terrain, by repeating what is implicit in the ...
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4answers
130 views

Who was Descartes trying to refute when he came up with his cogito?

The IEP article on Descartes states that Descartes states that his purpose in showing that the human mind or soul is really distinct from the body is to refute those “irreligious people” who only ...
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118 views

Did Gödel oppose or agree with the Logical Positivists?

Gödel was a member of the Vienna Circle, whose philosophical position as a group was Logical Positivism, or Logical Empiricism. The SEP article on him states that among his philosophical views were ...
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How did the ideas of a poor slave like Epitectus spread before the printing press? [closed]

Was he literate? Even if he was, how did his ideas spread during his own lifetime? Was word of mouth that contagious back then? Were people writing down his ideas on stone tablets and passing them ...
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How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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1answer
75 views

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

What did ancient philosophers, like Plato, use to write their works on/with, physically? (Tree bark, animal skin, types of writing utensils, etc)
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22 views

How does philosophy categorize practical advice on how to live?

I am reading a book on productivity. "Getting Results the Agile Way" (J.D. Meier) is the specific book, but substitute your favorite "pop psychology" book on anything from productivity to parenting ...
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2answers
45 views

When was the earliest concept of 'inertial' motion thought through?

Following this question, there is the following in Physics VIII.2. Second, it is evidently possible for an object to change although it is not already changing, either as a whole or in its parts. ...
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45 views

Philosophical assumption in current political discourse [closed]

I have just finished reading a collection of essays by Isaiah Berlin and it was one the most insightful books I have read in my life. I seem to agree with him on many points and especially the ...
3
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1answer
77 views

Did Aristotle know that Moon revolves around the Earth?

Of course he did. But I can not think of a justification available to Aristotle that wouldn't equally justify that Sun revolves around the Earth. Yet "Aristotle knew that Sun revolves around the ...
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2answers
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What are the Greek terms translated by 'lovers of wisdom' (philosophers)?

At the end of Phaedrus (278d4) there is the following exchange (tr. Jowett): Socrates: go and tell Lysias that to the fountain and the School of the Nymphs we went down, and were bidden by them to ...
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2answers
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Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
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2answers
101 views

Did Aristotle write his works?

I've heard that things like "ethics" and "politics" are not actual books written by Aristotle, but are instead manuscripts of notes of lectures he gave. Is this true for all, some, or none of his ...
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Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements [closed]

Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements ...
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2answers
420 views

What makes an experience religious?

Throughout the history of mankind, religious leaders - Moses, Muhammad, Jesus, Buddha, and many others, have recorded experiences which they considered ‘religious experiences’. But what is a ...
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89 views

Does doing comparative philosophy mean adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
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130 views

What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western ...
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280 views

Does philosophy progress?

The question of progress is occasionally raised with regard to variety of fields - natural science, social science, art, and so on. But, can we at all have reasonable criteria by which to determine or ...
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On travelling through a void, constantly [closed]

I posted a question some time ago on how SR conceptualised space in the 'frame' of a photon - which appears as a kind of void - even though admittedly standardly its a move not allowed; but it was a ...