The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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Logic and presentation

In this question I suggested that logic is almost only ever used in philosophy as a means to present an argument. By implication, I meant that every formal argument can be stated informally, and that ...
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Mass and Density in De Rerum Natura

Lucretious poem, De Rerum Natura has the following: Again, why see we among objects some Of heavier weight, but of no bulkier size? Indeed, if in a ball of wool there be As much of ...
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Why do Famous Philosophers not provide bibliographies and references?

Famous philosophers such as Kant or Heidegger were also academic philosophers. In my (limited) experience its standard practise that academics provide a bibliography/references to ground their text. ...
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How historically grounded is the standard narrative of the Irrationals in Antiquity?

Its commonly said that the Pythagoreans were unbalanced by the discovery of the irrationals; since their philosophy was predicated on ratios; ratios of two finite numbers. Still, it is natural to ...
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Does Priority (way of solving problem) come from Natural selection philosophy?

I know that Natural selection Philosophy was introduced by Charles Darwin, who came from the West. I am from the East. When I first came to Western countries to study finance, computer, business..., I ...
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23 views

field concept - historical and contemporay perspectives?

Can someone give me some reference (or insight) on the development of the field concept in physics. In particularly, the period between 17th century Newton/Leibniz notion of force/action-at-distance ...
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90 views

Eastern/Western Thinking [closed]

What are the main distinctive characteristics of Western philosophy?
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Why is Heidegger “OK” [on hold]

I get the impression that analytic philosophers etc. who have no interest in continental philosophy or even anything outside their philosophical expertise, will still pay respects to Heidegger. Why is ...
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56 views

Any philosophy in verse

Did anyone ever try to write philosophy in verse? Anyone in any tradition, which makes the question v broad but thanks.
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37 views

Can we trust Friedrich Nietzsche's perspective on isolationism?

Due to the fact that the audience of this question is comprised of individuals visiting a philosophy website, I can assume that the concept of introversion(within reason) will be met rather ...
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1answer
28 views

What is extension in Spinoza?

I assumed that extension in Spinoza, means the geometrisation of the phenomenal world; but possibly - probably this is wrong. After all, how does one geometrise something like matter? (There is, in ...
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50 views

Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
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Would Deleuze affirm that Platos dialogues are a form of drama?

Deleuze, in Difference and Repetition writes: Drama has but a single form involving all three repetitions. Nietzsche's Zarathustra is clearly a drama, a theatrical work. It seems to me Platos ...
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Tegmark conscious matter, Lucretious atoms of anima and qualia

Tegmark in his paper, Consciousness as a state of matter appears as something as an outlier in the physics and philosophy literature in that he designates consciousness as a state of matter. But this ...
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What is the intersection of Physics & Philosophy?

(I've already asked this question on Meta, but as one answer (by Joseph Weissman) pointed out this is already a philosophical question; so I thought it worth asking here). I've asked a number of ...
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42 views

Why Did Scientists as a Group Tend Toward Atheism After the Enlightenment? [closed]

Many of the greatest enlightenment natural philosophers were theists. By the 20th century, this had drastically changed. I personally do not see any development in science which in any way diminishes ...
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3answers
58 views

Logical Positivism, Linguistic Philosophy, then came what?

In this interview with philosopher Bernard Williams interviewer Bryan Magee suggests: Logical Positivism was the prevailing orthodoxy of one generation, Linguistic Philosophy of the next. Is ...
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3answers
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Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
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Were there prominent secular philosophers in the European middle ages? If so, who?

I asked this question on history exchange here: http://history.stackexchange.com/questions/17462/were-there-prominent-secular-philosophers-in-the-european-middle-ages-if-so-wh And they suggested I ...
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109 views

Did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in “the truth”?

It is well known that Friedrich Nietzsche was very condemnatory of the objective truth, however, while analyzing his words, it is difficult to ascertain whether or not he believes in the truth at all. ...
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Is sophistry useful?

I read from Lazlo Versenyi's Socratic Humanism (p. 1-72, 1963). "The first part of this book offers a thoughtful and provocative defense of the Sophists" (D. A. Hyland, The Origin of Philosophy: Its ...
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In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
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1answer
130 views

What are some major breakthroughs in the field of philosophy? [closed]

I am sincerely interested in events or discoveries that can be thought as definitive game changers in the course of philosophy. Russell's Principia Mathematica and its failure, if it can be thought of ...
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Where does Quine say logic should have no ontological presuppositions?

I'm sure I recall Quine saying in various places that one distinction between logic and set theory is that logic should have no ontological presuppositions (or, at most should presuppose some thing ...
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History before philosophy

I am interested in becoming fluent in general philosophy. I recognize that it is a massive area of study. I bought a book called introduction to western philosophy by Bertrand Russell, but I find ...
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What is the lore of the ascription of divine attributes engendering the problem of evil

In the philosophy of religion, or philosophical theology, there is the well known Theodicé problem after Leibniz, viz.: How can the omnscience, omnipotence and maximal benevolence of God be reconciled ...
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Did Hume personally believe his own philosophy?

Could someone please verify the following anecdote I paraphrase below regarding Hume? Someone asked Hume if he personally believed in his own philosophy, and he replied that he didn't but that his ...
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5answers
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Are there any recognized modern eastern or Asian philosophers out there? Is eastern philosophy taken seriously in the 21st century?

Philosophy has roots in both the eastern and the western world. Undoubtedly, there is a big difference between the two. Eastern traditions are more prescriptive and religious and less formal. Western ...
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Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics?

Did early analytic philosophers reject metaphysics? Or did this rejection only come about with the rise of the logical positivists? By early analytic philosophers i mean, Frege, Russell, and Moore, ...
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Reasons for believing in Monism

Why do any serious philosophers at all believe that only one thing exists in the universe? What are the reasons they give? And are there any serious philosophers that believe no thing exists in the ...
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Hippies. Flower children. What is pivot of this movement?

I'm asking my teacher of Philosophy in University: "What is a pivot of this movement?" He said: "Nothing! Nothing what can be named as philosophy." What can community of stackexchange add to my ...
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5answers
201 views

The problem of evil in secular philosophy

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...
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New and original philosophy [closed]

Does philosophy have to be original to break new ground, does a philosopher have to do philosophy in a new way if they are to create a new better way of thinking about a problem? i.e. can problems ...
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2answers
59 views

Literature similar to Cicero's “On the Ideal Orator”?

I've been reading various speeches and works by Cicero, and while reading On the Ideal Orator, I was wondering whether any other philosophers (especially relatively contemporary ones) also wrote on ...
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Belief Pathways (Social Doxology)

In the social psychology literature, there is a lot of discussion about the pathways through which one achieves social belief formation (i.e. persuasion, coercion, etc.). These differ from those ...
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159 views

Why and how personal philosophies of certain thinkers became recognized as “classical” main stream approaches?

Why and how personal philosophies of certain thinkers (starting from Ancient Greek ones and up to modern ones) became recognized as "classical" main stream approaches ?
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Who are historical proponents of moral anti-realism?

I was wondering about the history of moral anti-realism. It seems to me that realism has been the dominant view since Plato, with anti-realism being given systematic attention only in the last 100 ...
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Does “subjective attractiveness” have a place in philosophy?

I've just started reading Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith by Douglas Groothuis. He says on page 25: This definition of apologetics invokes both rational legitimacy ...
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Where is philosophy today [closed]

Basically I'd like to know which are the main philosophical schools today (meaning maybe the last 5-10 or even 15-20 years), where they come from and, if there is a reasonable answer, where are they ...
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147 views

Why do we have a problem about understanding the concept of the “empty set”?

   The title seems quite bit more generalized, but I'm saying about the philosophers and mathematicians in the past who discussed about the concept of nothing, or the empty set. I'm ...
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4answers
290 views

Was Jesus a philosopher?

Reasoning that Jesus was a philosopher could come from Wikipedia's definition: He has made contributions in one or more current fields of philosophy (Ethics), which has to qualify him as philosopher. ...
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56 views

Why has cynicism acquired a negative connotation? [closed]

It seems to me that people criticize others for being cynical. But why is cynicism so bad? Upon reflection, it is easy to see that a lot of people are not very trustworthy. So, I think everyone is ...
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When does the philosophy of a newly created (academic) discipline typically arise?

I occasionally spend some of my spare time reading through the questions and answers of interest on these SE websites, and I recently came across this question: Can a certain branch of philosophy ...
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Why are Free Will discussions always framed as a question of “free will” rather than “free choice” (of action)?

In debates or discussion regarding the question of whether or not human beings (or any other being) has the ability to decide for themselves what to do, the term invariably used is free will. However, ...
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2answers
69 views

Philosophy of the lymphatic system

If neurophilosophy is a legitimate from of philosophy why don’t we have philosophies pertaining to various other sub-personal processes/systems: autonomic, vestibular, and proprioceptive? Why not ...
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1answer
88 views

Who Invented the Modal Fallacy?

The Modal Fallacy is the best known of the fallacies related to Modal Logic. But, it is difficult to find the name of the logician who established the modal fallacy. Was it Aristotle? And, how does ...
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Chrysippus and Strict Implicature

In A History of Ancient Philosophy, Karsten Friis Johansen claims that Chrysippus offers a theory of truth for conditionals that is a version of strict implicature and intensional semantics. However, ...
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1answer
43 views

Classical and Medieval Scholars on Modal Logic

Who most influenced the development of modal logic prior to the nineteenth century - aside from the Aristoteleans, Dialecticals, and Stoics of course?
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1answer
41 views

Who were the major innovators of new types of syllogisms?

Who were the major innovators of new kinds of syllogisms (i.e. introduced disjunctive syllogisms, etc) in the ancient and medieval periods aside from Aristotle, Theophrastus, the Stoics, and ...
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What did Einstein make of Bohmian Mechanics?

Its well-known that Einstein was uncomfortable about the anti-realist and non-deterministic status of Quantum Mechanics, declaring that God does not play dice However, a realist and ...