The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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Why should we listen to Michel Foucault if he based his arguments on biased historical claims?

I have only recently heard about philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault from a friend of mine. His claims, those concerning madness for example, sound iconoclastic to me. After looking up some ...
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46 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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1answer
39 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
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76 views

Does Cartesianism really affect our present-day culture?

Are the ideas of Cartesian philosophy (example of an old and well known ideology that clearly hasn't impact just because people read it) really so spead throughout the present-day Western culture, ...
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10 views

Paraphrased quote identifycation

I'm curious as to who, and I'm completely paraphraising, said that "one should, before becoming angry, diagnose the proper responce to a hurtful comment by looking not at how that person's actions ...
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3answers
95 views

Who/what was Horkheimer referring to when he said that “Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself.”?

In his 1941 Paper "The End of Reason", Max Horkheimer states the following: Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself. On one hand, he seems to be referring the ...
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457 views

What is the philosophical difference (e.g. according to Cantor) between the infinite and the infinitesimal?

I have begun inquiring recently into mathematical aspects of Georg Cantor's theory of transfinite numbers and sets, which he developed between the years of 1874 and 1897. Throughout his theory, Cantor ...
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1answer
109 views

The mind-body problem in antiquity and the middle ages

In a sense the mind-body problem is in reality a whole set of problems which are all based on an alleged insurmountable difference between the mental and the physical. But this question is about the ...
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19 views

a relationship with the other

Bourriaud somewhere says: “artistic practice is always a relationship with the other, at the same time as it represents a relationship with the world”. Does he by "with the other" mean "with ...
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533 views

Why was Socrates put on trial and executed while Diogenes wasn't?

Given that Diogenes was much more disruptive in his attempts to spread philosophy, is there any reason he wasn't sentenced as Socrates was?
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187 views

What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?

Nietzsche (1844-1900) and Marx (1818-1883) weren't quite contemporaries, but both were prominent and influential German thinkers, and one might expect that they have at least heard of each other. Marx ...
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3answers
72 views

Is it possible to consolidate the philosophical traditions coming from different cultural spheres into a single unified philosophical cannon?

Most entry level philosophy courses tend to focus almost exclusively on Western Philosophy. They also tend to follow a historical narrative that follows the evolution of western thinking, as opposed ...
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1answer
26 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
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4answers
110 views

Can there be an infinite regress of Creators?

One of the replies to the argument from first cause for the universe being created by God is that there is no apriori reason against there simply being an infinite number of causes, or an infinite ...
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8answers
5k views

Why are western Philosophers not fair to Indian philosophers?

I have been browsing these philosophical pages on web for some time. Can someone explain this taboo regarding Indian philosophy when ever it comes in discussion.
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2answers
197 views

What was Einstein's contribution to philosophy?

Daniel Dennett, in a lecture abut Darwin, mentions Netwon, Darwin, Skinner, Turing, Gödel, and Einstein as 6 "non-philosophers" who have had a major impact on philosophy. I can see how the other 5 had ...
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1answer
67 views

How did the idea of fate arise?

Once I read that Stoics thought that both humans and animals have no free will, because they are just dragged by fate against their will. How did they come to this idea without any knowledge of brain ...
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37 views

Literal vs. common translations of “Eudaemonia”

In the (very few) courses on philosophy that I've taken we've always talked about "Eudaemonia" and my teachers/classmates/textbooks/internet searches always translate it as "the flourishing life". ...
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4answers
84 views

Circa 2002, did most philosophers consider philosophical thoughts 'situated'?

Source: p 58, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig.  Could Plato and Hobbes, 2,000 years apart, with their different backgrounds and circumstances, really have been ...
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26 views

being in the city ‘off-limits’ or ‘inconceivable’ as much as conceivable

Can anybody explain what the bold sentence want to say? Context: And whilst cities obviously contain bodies, bodies also contain cities. In fact, the city itself functions as an ...
2
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1answer
49 views

What is the meaning of “using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house” in Derrida?

Can anyone help me with the meaning of this sentence? "For Derrida deconstruction is "to attempt an exit and a deconstruction without changing terrain, by repeating what is implicit in the ...
2
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4answers
129 views

Who was Descartes trying to refute when he came up with his cogito?

The IEP article on Descartes states that Descartes states that his purpose in showing that the human mind or soul is really distinct from the body is to refute those “irreligious people” who only ...
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0answers
34 views

How did the ideas of a poor slave like Epitectus spread before the printing press? [closed]

Was he literate? Even if he was, how did his ideas spread during his own lifetime? Was word of mouth that contagious back then? Were people writing down his ideas on stone tablets and passing them ...
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17 views

How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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1answer
70 views

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

What did ancient philosophers, like Plato, use to write their works on/with, physically? (Tree bark, animal skin, types of writing utensils, etc)
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22 views

How does philosophy categorize practical advice on how to live?

I am reading a book on productivity. "Getting Results the Agile Way" (J.D. Meier) is the specific book, but substitute your favorite "pop psychology" book on anything from productivity to parenting ...
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2answers
45 views

When was the earliest concept of 'inertial' motion thought through?

Following this question, there is the following in Physics VIII.2. Second, it is evidently possible for an object to change although it is not already changing, either as a whole or in its parts. ...
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45 views

Philosophical assumption in current political discourse [closed]

I have just finished reading a collection of essays by Isaiah Berlin and it was one the most insightful books I have read in my life. I seem to agree with him on many points and especially the ...
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1answer
75 views

Did Aristotle know that Moon revolves around the Earth?

Of course he did. But I can not think of a justification available to Aristotle that wouldn't equally justify that Sun revolves around the Earth. Yet "Aristotle knew that Sun revolves around the ...
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2answers
73 views

What are the Greek terms translated by 'lovers of wisdom' (philosophers)?

At the end of Phaedrus (278d4) there is the following exchange (tr. Jowett): Socrates: go and tell Lysias that to the fountain and the School of the Nymphs we went down, and were bidden by them to ...
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2answers
77 views

Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
2
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2answers
90 views

Did Aristotle write his works?

I've heard that things like "ethics" and "politics" are not actual books written by Aristotle, but are instead manuscripts of notes of lectures he gave. Is this true for all, some, or none of his ...
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0answers
48 views

Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements [closed]

Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements ...
6
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2answers
419 views

What makes an experience religious?

Throughout the history of mankind, religious leaders - Moses, Muhammad, Jesus, Buddha, and many others, have recorded experiences which they considered ‘religious experiences’. But what is a ...
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89 views

Does doing comparative philosophy mean adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
6
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2answers
129 views

What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western ...
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8answers
277 views

Does philosophy progress?

The question of progress is occasionally raised with regard to variety of fields - natural science, social science, art, and so on. But, can we at all have reasonable criteria by which to determine or ...
2
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0answers
46 views

On travelling through a void, constantly [closed]

I posted a question some time ago on how SR conceptualised space in the 'frame' of a photon - which appears as a kind of void - even though admittedly standardly its a move not allowed; but it was a ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Philosophers that loved women and philosophers that despised women [closed]

What are the views of significant philosophers on women? It would be very nice to have a systematic list. For example, Schopenhauer was an extreme sexist regarding women, labeling them as "stupid", ...
2
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0answers
29 views

What developments prompted Cliffords picture of spacetime?

In 1870, Clifford, the English mathematician and sometime philosopher wrote the following in his book, On the Space theory of Matter; I hold as a fact: That small portions of space are in ...
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5answers
432 views

What is Kant's effect on modern culture, beyond philosophy?

It is fairly easy to argue that the ideas of the most notable philosophers in history (those whose names are familiar to laymen) have had effects on society beyond just their influence on other ...
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1answer
100 views

What is the relation between calculus and infinite divisibility in Aristotle?

According to this article by Rowan, Aristotle very practically, pointed out that there was a threshold to get something moving when there is resistance to friction: 'one man cannot move a ship' ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Is Buridan's impetus the same as velocity in Aristotle?

According to the SEP Buridan was the first to develop the physical motion of impetus: a force applied for a certain time; it is silent, however on just where and how Buridan took this notion - ...
3
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2answers
127 views

Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

Karl Popper believed that Karl Marx's ideas lead to dictatorship. Why did Karl Popper believe in this idea?
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1answer
91 views

Does Spinoza's God have an essence?

Referring by "God" to Spinoza's God (that is, one may substitute "God" with "Nature" following the title of this question can be "On Nature and Nature's Essence and Essence") and capitalizing this as ...
4
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4answers
369 views

What three “accessible” works of analytical philosophy would you assign?

The literature in analytical philosophy is vast and often quite technical. It is not generally dominated by such "Continental" masterworks as Critique of Pure Reason, Phenomenology or Spirit, or Being ...
6
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1answer
102 views

What is agent intellect according to Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas?

What is the difference between Avicenna's view and Thomas Aquinas' on agent intellect?
4
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1answer
58 views

What is a minimal definition of neo-Kantianism?

The term neoKantian gets applied to a wide range of philosophers, from Helmholtz and Cassirer to Kuhn and even, I have heard, Foucault. I presume that most versions of neoKantianism today take on a ...
4
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1answer
84 views

Who does Nietzsche denounce for believing that the external world is the product of our organs, and what is the reasoning behind such belief?

I've just started Nietzsche's "Beyond Good and Evil." I am confused about this section. When Nietzsche refers to people who "say that the external world is the product of our organs," does he mean ...
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A sketch of the critical kantian project

As I am tired of the scattering of side-problems of kantian philosophy that have to be seen in the light of the very idea behind kantian philosophy, I want to create a question covering the ...