The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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What is the meaning of “using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house” in Derrida?

Can anyone help me with the meaning of this sentence? "For Derrida deconstruction is "to attempt an exit and a deconstruction without changing terrain, by repeating what is implicit in the ...
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4answers
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Who was Descartes trying to refute when he came up with his cogito?

The IEP article on Descartes states that Descartes states that his purpose in showing that the human mind or soul is really distinct from the body is to refute those “irreligious people” who only ...
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How did the ideas of a poor slave like Epitectus spread before the printing press? [closed]

Was he literate? Even if he was, how did his ideas spread during his own lifetime? Was word of mouth that contagious back then? Were people writing down his ideas on stone tablets and passing them ...
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How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

What did ancient philosophers, like Plato, use to write their works on/with, physically? (Tree bark, animal skin, types of writing utensils, etc)
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How does philosophy categorize practical advice on how to live?

I am reading a book on productivity. "Getting Results the Agile Way" (J.D. Meier) is the specific book, but substitute your favorite "pop psychology" book on anything from productivity to parenting ...
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When was the earliest concept of 'inertial' motion thought through?

Following this question, there is the following in Physics VIII.2. Second, it is evidently possible for an object to change although it is not already changing, either as a whole or in its parts. ...
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Philosophical assumption in current political discourse [closed]

I have just finished reading a collection of essays by Isaiah Berlin and it was one the most insightful books I have read in my life. I seem to agree with him on many points and especially the ...
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70 views

Did Aristotle know that Moon revolves around the Earth?

Of course he did. But I can not think of a justification available to Aristotle that wouldn't equally justify that Sun revolves around the Earth. Yet "Aristotle knew that Sun revolves around the ...
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What are the Greek terms translated by 'lovers of wisdom' (philosophers)?

At the end of Phaedrus (278d4) there is the following exchange (tr. Jowett): Socrates: go and tell Lysias that to the fountain and the School of the Nymphs we went down, and were bidden by them to ...
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Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
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Did Aristotle write his works?

I've heard that things like "ethics" and "politics" are not actual books written by Aristotle, but are instead manuscripts of notes of lectures he gave. Is this true for all, some, or none of his ...
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Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements [closed]

Can someone provide proper criticism of the author's view in this article? Since I am from east, I may be prejudiced towards his statements ...
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405 views

What makes an experience religious?

Throughout the history of mankind, religious leaders - Moses, Muhammad, Jesus, Buddha, and many others, have recorded experiences which they considered ‘religious experiences’. But what is a ...
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85 views

Does doing comparative philosophy mean adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
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What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western ...
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Does philosophy progress?

The question of progress is occasionally raised with regard to variety of fields - natural science, social science, art, and so on. But, can we at all have reasonable criteria by which to determine or ...
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On travelling through a void, constantly [closed]

I posted a question some time ago on how SR conceptualised space in the 'frame' of a photon - which appears as a kind of void - even though admittedly standardly its a move not allowed; but it was a ...
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1answer
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Philosophers that loved women and philosophers that despised women [closed]

What are the views of significant philosophers on women? It would be very nice to have a systematic list. For example, Schopenhauer was an extreme sexist regarding women, labeling them as "stupid", ...
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What developments prompted Cliffords picture of spacetime?

In 1870, Clifford, the English mathematician and sometime philosopher wrote the following in his book, On the Space theory of Matter; I hold as a fact: That small portions of space are in ...
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What is Kant's effect on modern culture, beyond philosophy?

It is fairly easy to argue that the ideas of the most notable philosophers in history (those whose names are familiar to laymen) have had effects on society beyond just their influence on other ...
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What is the relation between calculus and the qualitative notions of Aristotle?

According to this article by Rowan, Aristotle very practically, pointed out that there was a threshold to get something moving when there is resistance to friction: 'one man cannot move a ship' ...
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Is Buridan's impetus the same as velocity in Aristotle?

According to the SEP Buridan was the first to develop the physical motion of impetus: a force applied for a certain time; it is silent, however on just where and how Buridan took this notion - ...
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Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

Karl Popper believed that Karl Marx's ideas lead to dictatorship. Why did Karl Popper believe in this idea?
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Does Spinoza's God have an essence?

Referring by "God" to Spinoza's God (that is, one may substitute "God" with "Nature" following the title of this question can be "On Nature and Nature's Essence and Essence") and capitalizing this as ...
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What three “accessible” works of analytical philosophy would you assign?

The literature in analytical philosophy is vast and often quite technical. It is not generally dominated by such "Continental" masterworks as Critique of Pure Reason, Phenomenology or Spirit, or Being ...
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Agent intellect according to Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas

What is the difference between Avicenna's view and Thomas Aquinas' on agent intellect?
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What is a minimal definition of neo-Kantianism?

The term neoKantian gets applied to a wide range of philosophers, from Helmholtz and Cassirer to Kuhn and even, I have heard, Foucault. I presume that most versions of neoKantianism today take on a ...
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A sketch of the critical kantian project

As I am tired of the scattering of side-problems of kantian philosophy that have to be seen in the light of the very idea behind kantian philosophy, I want to create a question covering the ...
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1answer
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How were Kant's antinomies originally formatted in print?

This is a question of bibliography and printing, but also of the "physical" history of philosophy. (Hence my "Marxist" tag). And probably has a simple definitive answer. My cheap Penguin version of ...
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Was Hegel a major influence in analytic philosophy?

Wikipedia's "analytic and continental philosophers differ on the importance and influence of subsequent philosophers on their respective traditions... Hegel is viewed as a relatively minor figure for ...
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What historical or doctrinal problems provoked Descartes' “Cogito”?

Descartes' Meditations and Discourse apply a radical scepticism towards knowledge in order to finally refute it, founding certainty on the immediacy of self-knowledge, usually considered the great ...
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1answer
43 views

Where does Wilfred Sellars stand in current curricula?

I realize this is more of a question about "culture" of philosophy and answers will be relative. As an autodidact, beginning largely in the Continental tradition, it is sometimes hard for me to know ...
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How old are philosophical questions?

How old are questions like: Who are we? Where do we we come from ? How does the world work? My current belief is that these questions are as old as our species but I have no evidence ...
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How would you describe romanticism to a 14 years old? [closed]

Well, the question is pretty clear. How would you describe romanticism to a 14 years old?
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Philosophy and the arts in the romantic era

Has the relation between philosophy and the arts (especially poetry) changed at all since the romantic era?
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25 views

William James, Biography

I am writing a report on William James, and I need the age that James started reading philosophy for the first time. Can anyone help?
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Where can I find detailed comparison between major historical movements (modernism, realism, postmodernism, romanticism, etc)?

I have spent weeks going on wikipedia, looking up books online, to try to figure this out, but to no avail. While I do allow for disagreements and fuzzy boundaries, there are so many different ...
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Nietzsche's perspective in Philosophy of Art

What is the meaning of the pair Apollonian and Dionysian in Nietzsche's philosophy of art? In which work does Nietzsche expand his view?
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Does Aristotle recognize the Modal scope fallacy in his rejection of the sea battle argument?

Modal fallacy deals with modal logic, a 20th century construct, as user @Virmaior comments in his comment to the question Who Invented the Modal Fallacy?. However, in discussing the sea battle ...
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3answers
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Ways of thinking about the world evolve for the better

I want to take it as given that our ways of thinking about the world have evolved--and will continue to evolve--for the better. (By "our" I mean educated society.) Science is able to characterize more ...
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3answers
61 views

a displacement of time

What does "a displacement of time" mean in this context? Does this "coincidence" imply a coincidence between the two world wars? Context: No one in the West was unaffected by the two world wars ...
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Why do some philosophers write literature?

Why do some philosophers write literature? Bataille's main medium of propounding his philosophy was through his literature (though he wrote many notable essays expounding upon his views). One of his ...
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What was Hegel trying to achieve?

I believe that Hegel wrote on many subjects. From his book The Science of Logic, I understand his position to be that of absolute idealism. If I am ever to begin to tackle him, I would like to first ...
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2answers
85 views

What is the philosophical origin of waves?

It's a truth universally acknowledged that a theory in possession of the notion of atoms founds itself in the atomos theorised by Democritus et al. For example the corpuscules of Gassendi, Hobbes and ...
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What do Montaigne, Paine, and Wittgenstein have in common?

What do philosophers Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592), Thomas Paine (1736-1809), and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) have in common? I found this question scribbled in the margin of a library ...
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1answer
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Is philosophy the quest of the answer, or the thrive of the process? [closed]

I thought about "the medium is the message", and kind of transposed the similar thought-pattern to philosophy. Finding answers often seems to be at the very core of the subject: people fight with ...
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2answers
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Does Burke's political philosophy actually endorse a kind of totalitarianism?

I am reading The Great Debate; Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the birth of right and left by Yuval Levin (2014). It's a pleasant read, and substantial too! However, Levin writes something very ...
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How does Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature” affect Kant's position on metaphysics?

Paul Strathern states that Kant never actually read David Hume's most celebrated work "A Treatise of Human Nature", although he read and spoke on his work "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding". ...
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When did Plato's Republic (re-)emerge as his most popular work?

Today, the Republic is often considered to be Plato's best known and most influential work. Some even consider it as one of the best known and most influential works of all of philosophy; at least it ...