The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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a displacement of time

What does "a displacement of time" mean in this context? Does this "coincidence" imply a coincidence between the two world wars? Context: No one in the West was unaffected by the two world wars ...
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Philosophy and (primarily existentialist) literature

Bataille's main medium of propounding his philosophy was through his literature (though he wrote many notable essays expounding upon his views). One of his main influences, Nietzsche "illustrated" ...
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What is Hegel trying to achieve

I believe that Hegel writes on many subjects, one of his books is titled The science of logic, being an absolute idealist he must be some kind of metaphysicist, etc. If I am ever to begin to tackle ...
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What is the philosophical origin of waves?

It's a truth universally acknowledged that a theory in possession of the notion of atoms founds itself in the atomos theorised by Democritus et al. For example the corpuscules of Gassendi, Hobbes and ...
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What do Montaigne, Paine, and Wittgenstein have in common?

What do philosophers Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592), Thomas Paine (1736-1809), and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) have in common? I found this question scribbled in the margin of a library ...
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Is philosophy the quest of the answer, or the thrive of the process? [closed]

I thought about "the medium is the message", and kind of transposed the similar thought-pattern to philosophy. Finding answers often seems to be at the very core of the subject: people fight with ...
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Does Burke's political philosophy actually endorse a kind of totalitarianism?

I am reading The Great Debate; Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the birth of right and left by Yuval Levin (2014). It's a pleasant read, and substantial too! However, Levin writes something very ...
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When did Plato's Republic (re-)emerge as his most popular work?

Today, the Republic is often considered to be Plato's best known and most influential work. Some even consider it as one of the best known and most influential works of all of philosophy; at least it ...
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Is science just a more refined and effective method of philosophy?

I'm a word geek and it came upon me to look up the word philosophy tonight: philosophy - the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. The thing that ...
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Why did Confucianims survive longer than Mohism in china?

While studying chinese philosophy, we learned about Mozi. The influence of Mozi's philosophy, or Mohism, according to my teacher and confirmed through personal research, died out during the Han ...
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Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
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Is it possible that religion is a part of science?

I had literature class and we were studying the Bible, and I as a non-believing person was kind of sceptical about it, but my teacher pointed out that the Bible, and all religions before it, are part ...
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Why asking to examine facts over “transcendental statements” is labeled as “anti-realistic”?

Given ther stimulus from another question i read the wikipedia article on anti-realism, there it is mentioned (emphasis mine): In analytic philosophy, the term anti-realism describes any position ...
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What happens to a philosophical question when it is solved for good?

I was reading the introduction to a general philosophy text book, and it mentioned at some point that philosophy was like science in that concrete results are established and philosophers are able to ...
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Postmodernism and Sophism

I still find myself relatively often surprised by how much of the spectrum of philosophic thought was already covered at the times of ancient Greece or ancient China (think Axial Age or think ...
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What is the history of the concepts “sound” and “valid”?

Could someone tell me when the current terminological distinction between "sound" and "valid" was first made in the development of logic? If the distinction was first drawn in writings in ...
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What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
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When did psychology separate from philosophy and become a science?

I was hearing a recorded lecture on the philosophy of science, and I heard the author mention that various disciplines (math, physics, etc...) separated from philosophy and became established ...
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What are the historic stances on the epistemological status of mathematics?

I know that Plato and Kant thought it was synthetic a priori (although Plato would not have phrased it in that way). What other major thinkers have weighed in on this issue, on both sides of both the ...
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If mathematics is the language of quantitative thinking, what exactly is the language of qualitative thinking? Please read

I always try to classify disciplines into three groups; the qualitative, the quantitative, and amalgam of the two. Whenever I think of qualitative disciplines, or those that involve value-judgments, ...
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Is there is no room in the 21st century for a purely “qualitative philosopher”?

Mathematicians and philosophers always say that the universe is written in the language of mathematics. They often justify this by showing that almost everything can be explained mathematically, ...
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Does the recent “uproar” against Philosophy have any historical roots?

For instance, Stephen Hawking once claimed: Philosophy is dead Figures such as Einstein were quite interested in the Philosophy of science. In addition to this, a fair amount of Philosophers ...
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Philosophically (through logic and reason) how does one get to liberty, freedom, destiny from positivism--raw science?

Auguste Comte was so 'positive' that there could be no metaphysical system, no explanation of essences (no need for such in an 'enlightened' age). He thought citizens should be trained only to look ...
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Context of “one tongue but two ears”

I teach once every few weeks for an hour or two to a group of youngsters (ca. age ten). The lesson is provided to me, so it is pretty much cookbook, and is mostly about little activities and ...
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Logic and presentation

In this question I suggested that logic is almost only ever used in philosophy as a means to present an argument. By implication, I meant that every formal argument can be stated informally, and that ...
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Mass and Density in De Rerum Natura

Lucretious poem, De Rerum Natura has the following: Again, why see we among objects some Of heavier weight, but of no bulkier size? Indeed, if in a ball of wool there be As much of ...
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Why do Famous Philosophers not provide bibliographies and references?

Famous philosophers such as Kant or Heidegger were also academic philosophers. In my (limited) experience its standard practise that academics provide a bibliography/references to ground their text. ...
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How historically grounded is the standard narrative of the Irrationals in Antiquity?

Its commonly said that the Pythagoreans were unbalanced by the discovery of the irrationals; since their philosophy was predicated on ratios; ratios of two finite numbers. Still, it is natural to ...
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Does Priority (way of solving problem) come from Natural selection philosophy? [closed]

I know that Natural selection Philosophy was introduced by Charles Darwin, who came from the West. I am from the East. When I first came to Western countries to study finance, computer, business..., I ...
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field concept - historical and contemporay perspectives?

Can someone give me some reference (or insight) on the development of the field concept in physics. In particularly, the period between 17th century Newton/Leibniz notion of force/action-at-distance ...
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Eastern/Western Thinking [closed]

What are the main distinctive characteristics of Western philosophy?
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Any philosophy in verse

Did anyone ever try to write philosophy in verse? Anyone in any tradition, which makes the question v broad but thanks.
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Can we trust Friedrich Nietzsche's perspective on isolationism?

Due to the fact that the audience of this question is comprised of individuals visiting a philosophy website, I can assume that the concept of introversion(within reason) will be met rather ...
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What is extension in Spinoza?

I assumed that extension in Spinoza, means the geometrisation of the phenomenal world; but possibly - probably this is wrong. After all, how does one geometrise something like matter? (There is, in ...
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Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
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Would Deleuze affirm that Platos dialogues are a form of drama?

Deleuze, in Difference and Repetition writes: Drama has but a single form involving all three repetitions. Nietzsche's Zarathustra is clearly a drama, a theatrical work. It seems to me Platos ...
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Tegmark conscious matter, Lucretious atoms of anima and qualia

Tegmark in his paper, Consciousness as a state of matter appears as something as an outlier in the physics and philosophy literature in that he designates consciousness as a state of matter. But this ...
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What is the intersection of Physics & Philosophy?

(I've already asked this question on Meta, but as one answer (by Joseph Weissman) pointed out this is already a philosophical question; so I thought it worth asking here). I've asked a number of ...
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Logical Positivism, Linguistic Philosophy, then came what?

In this interview with philosopher Bernard Williams interviewer Bryan Magee suggests: Logical Positivism was the prevailing orthodoxy of one generation, Linguistic Philosophy of the next. Is ...
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Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
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Were there prominent secular philosophers in the European middle ages? If so, who?

I asked this question on history exchange here: http://history.stackexchange.com/questions/17462/were-there-prominent-secular-philosophers-in-the-european-middle-ages-if-so-wh And they suggested I ...
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Did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in “the truth”?

It is well known that Friedrich Nietzsche was very condemnatory of the objective truth, however, while analyzing his words, it is difficult to ascertain whether or not he believes in the truth at all. ...
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Is sophistry useful?

I read from Lazlo Versenyi's Socratic Humanism (p. 1-72, 1963). "The first part of this book offers a thoughtful and provocative defense of the Sophists" (D. A. Hyland, The Origin of Philosophy: Its ...
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In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
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What are some major breakthroughs in the field of philosophy? [closed]

I am sincerely interested in events or discoveries that can be thought as definitive game changers in the course of philosophy. Russell's Principia Mathematica and its failure, if it can be thought of ...
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Where does Quine say logic should have no ontological presuppositions?

I'm sure I recall Quine saying in various places that one distinction between logic and set theory is that logic should have no ontological presuppositions (or, at most should presuppose some thing ...
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History before philosophy

I am interested in becoming fluent in general philosophy. I recognize that it is a massive area of study. I bought a book called introduction to western philosophy by Bertrand Russell, but I find ...
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What is the lore of the ascription of divine attributes engendering the problem of evil

In the philosophy of religion, or philosophical theology, there is the well known Theodicé problem after Leibniz, viz.: How can the omnscience, omnipotence and maximal benevolence of God be reconciled ...
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Did Hume personally believe his own philosophy?

Could someone please verify the following anecdote I paraphrase below regarding Hume? Someone asked Hume if he personally believed in his own philosophy, and he replied that he didn't but that his ...
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Are there any recognized modern eastern or Asian philosophers out there? Is eastern philosophy taken seriously in the 21st century?

Philosophy has roots in both the eastern and the western world. Undoubtedly, there is a big difference between the two. Eastern traditions are more prescriptive and religious and less formal. Western ...