The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in philosophy be accounted for historically? What drives the development of thought in its historical ...

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Is the United States currently the most fascistically inclined country on the face of the planet? [on hold]

While not endorsing anything near to the Third Reich's 'final solution', in all other respects, is not the United States the most fascistically oriented country extant currently?
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28 views

Why are most of us standing poised at the edge of brilliance, and haunted by the knowledge of our proximity? [on hold]

‘Most of us stand poised at the edge of brilliance, haunted by the knowledge of our proximity, yet still demonstrably on the wrong side of the line.’ Alain de Botton, The Pleasures and Sorrows of ...
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30 views

Why is the Whole Truth not being elucidated by individuals who understand that 'empirical truth' is not the entire answer?

Throughout all of human history, sages and seers, both theists and atheists, in both eastern and western religio-philosophical realms, have attempted to elucidate the Whole Truth for the benefit of ...
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37 views

That the field of single dimension or God how occurred? [closed]

“An individual respective very location is the present and the rest all the locations are of the deep of the past” In this way; Ultimate reality of Philosophy of Science is: No body shall be able to ...
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114 views

What is the historical context and what are the philosophical implications of model theory?

I try to plug Abraham's Robinson non-standard analysis in the thread of history and philosophy of logic but get confused. I think I miss some background knowledge concerning perhaps the development of ...
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74 views

Why is aidios, aionios, and aion translated eternal in Plato's Timaeus?

Plato's Timaeus.... When the father creator saw the creature which he had made moving and living, the created image of the eternal (aidos: imperceptible) gods, he rejoiced, and in his joy ...
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67 views

How was the idea of philosophy generated?

How did people thought that there could exist something called philosophy?How did philosophy come into existence ?
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1k views

Why doesn't philosophy of philosophy exist?

It seems like for anything (not literally, of course) 'philosophy name of this anything' exists. Philosophy of physics, philosophy of biology, philosophy of logic, etc.; but... philosophy of ...
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48 views

Modern philosophical books

What are the best philosophers and their books you deal with it in your life but not greek or middle age or early nineties who are the best philosopher that I can read for them who are living around ...
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43 views

Are there any ancient descriptions of Aristotle's appearance?

Plato wrote several references to Socrates's appearance. And Diogenes Laertius reports that Plato was called Plato because he was broad shouldered. Are there any ancient sources describing Aristotle'...
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101 views

How can I be a philosopher [closed]

In this our age of information, i discover that every one is clamming to be a philosopher because of little experience they have or acquire in school or even by friend. And in this information age ...
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35 views

Thinking about writing a philosophy column for the college newspaper and looking for some ideas [closed]

I was thinking about writing some sort of philosophy column for my university paper and I am looking for interesting topics. My own background is in mathematics, but I enjoy sniffing around the ...
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64 views

What else beyond 'bias' or 'ignorance' explains why intelligent people believe(d) irrational or stupid things?

Preface: I exclude those irrational beliefs whose cause was the lack of technology, because there is nothing more to discuss if technology suffices to explain these irrational beliefs. I ask this ...
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1answer
144 views

Giuseppe Peano and Foundations: Was Peano Logicist or Formalist?

I am trying to figure out whether the mathematician Giuseppe Peano (1858-1932), most notably known for his standard axiomatization of the natural numbers, held a view of Logicism or rather of ...
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1answer
106 views

Why do philosophical questions arise?

I've been reading questions and answers in this site for a while, and I've come to the idea that philosophical questions arise mainly in a response to a psychological need, like having a cognitive ...
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1answer
84 views

“All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore, Socrates is mortal” original quote

Where the syllogism "All men are mortal / Socrates is a man / Therefore, Socrates is mortal" first appeared?
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4answers
156 views

Are great philosophers resting sometimes from study?

Do they need sometimes to rest from the thoughts and the study of their work, like common people do and how often? I know it's a funny question but I wanted to post it and I hope they don't close it. ...
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3answers
73 views

Can all mathematical reasoning be translated into traditional logic?

Can all mathematical reasoning be translated into traditional (Aristotelian, syllogistic) logic? It would seem not ∵ one cannot syllogistically establish the validity of the reasoning in the ...
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2answers
57 views

Is there really something new happening in modern world, except from science and technology?

It's said that history repeats itself. It seems to me though in every field (apart from science and technology) most events are reoccurring, repeating themselves. Especially in political and social, ...
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392 views

What does mathematical constructivism gain philosophically?

Constructivists restrict the kind of entities they are willing to let into the mathematical domain; thus, e.g., Leopold Kronecker did not accept transcendental numbers as well as other entities (see ...
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1answer
43 views

What does it mean for 20th Century philosophers to lose 'touch with the great thinkers of the past'?

Source: p 232, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; not 2012 Reprint ed.) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy.  For much of the twentieth century philosophers had lost touch with the great ...
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2answers
663 views

What is the philosophical ground for distinguishing logic and mathematics?

I was wondering why the field of mathematics and that of logic are perceived as two distinct fields. Although could be pleased with the intuition that logic is rather meta-mathematics, still would ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Has philosophy from the end of the 19th century largely been forgotten?

I am wondering if this is something that other people think. It seems to me that during a period of time from the late 19th century to the early 20th, there are a large number of philosophers who ...
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2answers
123 views

Why should we listen to Michel Foucault if he based his arguments on biased historical claims?

I have only recently heard about philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault from a friend of mine. His claims, those concerning madness for example, sound iconoclastic to me. After looking up some ...
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53 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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1answer
44 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
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3answers
79 views

Does Cartesianism really affect our present-day culture?

Are the ideas of Cartesian philosophy (example of an old and well known ideology that clearly hasn't impact just because people read it) really so spead throughout the present-day Western culture, ...
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12 views

Paraphrased quote identifycation

I'm curious as to who, and I'm completely paraphraising, said that "one should, before becoming angry, diagnose the proper responce to a hurtful comment by looking not at how that person's actions ...
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3answers
101 views

Who/what was Horkheimer referring to when he said that “Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself.”?

In his 1941 Paper "The End of Reason", Max Horkheimer states the following: Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself. On one hand, he seems to be referring the ...
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3answers
590 views

What was Cantor's philosophical reason for accepting the infinite but rejecting the infinitesimal?

I have begun inquiring recently into mathematical aspects of Georg Cantor's theory of transfinite numbers and sets, which he developed between the years of 1874 and 1897. Throughout his theory, Cantor ...
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1answer
116 views

The mind-body problem in antiquity and the middle ages

In a sense the mind-body problem is in reality a whole set of problems which are all based on an alleged insurmountable difference between the mental and the physical. But this question is about the ...
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21 views

a relationship with the other

Bourriaud somewhere says: “artistic practice is always a relationship with the other, at the same time as it represents a relationship with the world”. Does he by "with the other" mean "with ...
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535 views

Why was Socrates put on trial and executed while Diogenes wasn't?

Given that Diogenes was much more disruptive in his attempts to spread philosophy, is there any reason he wasn't sentenced as Socrates was?
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396 views

What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?

Nietzsche (1844-1900) and Marx (1818-1883) weren't quite contemporaries, but both were prominent and influential German thinkers, and one might expect that they have at least heard of each other. Marx ...
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74 views

Is it possible to consolidate the philosophical traditions coming from different cultural spheres into a single unified philosophical cannon?

Most entry level philosophy courses tend to focus almost exclusively on Western Philosophy. They also tend to follow a historical narrative that follows the evolution of western thinking, as opposed ...
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1answer
26 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
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4answers
150 views

Can there be an infinite regress of Creators?

One of the replies to the argument from first cause for the universe being created by God is that there is no apriori reason against there simply being an infinite number of causes, or an infinite ...
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8answers
5k views

Why are western Philosophers not fair to Indian philosophers?

I have been browsing these philosophical pages on web for some time. Can someone explain this taboo regarding Indian philosophy when ever it comes in discussion.
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277 views

What was Einstein's contribution to philosophy?

Daniel Dennett, in a lecture abut Darwin, mentions Newton, Darwin, Skinner, Turing, Gödel, and Einstein as 6 "non-philosophers" who have had a major impact on philosophy. I can see how the other 5 had ...
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1answer
83 views

How did the idea of fate arise?

Once I read that Stoics thought that both humans and animals have no free will, because they are just dragged by fate against their will. How did they come to this idea without any knowledge of brain ...
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2answers
42 views

Literal vs. common translations of “Eudaemonia”

In the (very few) courses on philosophy that I've taken we've always talked about "Eudaemonia" and my teachers/classmates/textbooks/internet searches always translate it as "the flourishing life". ...
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4answers
85 views

Circa 2002, did most philosophers consider philosophical thoughts 'situated'?

Source: p 58, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig.  Could Plato and Hobbes, 2,000 years apart, with their different backgrounds and circumstances, really have been ...
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2answers
26 views

being in the city ‘off-limits’ or ‘inconceivable’ as much as conceivable

Can anybody explain what the bold sentence want to say? Context: And whilst cities obviously contain bodies, bodies also contain cities. In fact, the city itself functions as an ‘ecological’...
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3answers
198 views

Is it thought that analytic philosophy is in decline?

I would like to know from someone who has closely followed contemporary analytic philosophy if this idea has any currency. So by "is it thought" I mean is it a general trend or mood. The reason for ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the meaning of “using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house” in Derrida?

Can anyone help me with the meaning of this sentence? "For Derrida deconstruction is "to attempt an exit and a deconstruction without changing terrain, by repeating what is implicit in the ...
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4answers
131 views

Who was Descartes trying to refute when he came up with his cogito?

The IEP article on Descartes states that Descartes states that his purpose in showing that the human mind or soul is really distinct from the body is to refute those “irreligious people” who only ...
7
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2answers
126 views

Did Gödel oppose or agree with the Logical Positivists?

Gödel was a member of the Vienna Circle, whose philosophical position as a group was Logical Positivism, or Logical Empiricism. The SEP article on him states that among his philosophical views were ...
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34 views

How did the ideas of a poor slave like Epitectus spread before the printing press? [closed]

Was he literate? Even if he was, how did his ideas spread during his own lifetime? Was word of mouth that contagious back then? Were people writing down his ideas on stone tablets and passing them ...
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17 views

How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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1answer
79 views

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

What did ancient philosophers, like Plato, use to write their works on/with, physically? (Tree bark, animal skin, types of writing utensils, etc)