David Hume is a 18th century philosopher and contemporary of Immanuel Kant. He is best known for his skeptics views, empirical analysis, and naturalist positions.

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How did Hume remain 'jovial', 'merry' and 'unperturbed' despite philosophy's difficulty?

Source: p 231 Bottom, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). How did Hume remain 'jovial', 'merry' and 'unperturbed', despite the difficult perennial ...
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Can the “Ship of Theseus” apply to thoughts?

If we go by the ideas of philosophers (such as Hume) which take a person to be a collection of perceptions can we reduce and clone the mind of a person thus recreating the ship of theseus? UPDATE: As ...
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On the Objections to Compatibilism

I was reading An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, specifically the section titled On Liberty and Necessity (both parts). Hume reconciles liberty with metaphysical necessity by an ...
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If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
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To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
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Does Hume face circularity in his understanding of impressions?

Hume held that all experience and under his empiricism all ideas and meaningful thoughts were reducible to impressions. Thus, for Hume an 'idea' is merely a faint impression. But why should ideas and ...
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Why would David Hume judge 'bread nourishes' as a Matter of Fact, and not a Relation of Idea?

Source: p 115, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof Sharon Kaye (MA PhD in Philosophy, U. Toronto). Caution: I rewrote numerals as integers for easier reading. 1 Relations of ideas ...
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Is number π empirical or a priori?

I used the example of π, but this applies to other transcendental numbers as well, such as e Kant classified statements into 4 epistemic categories based on two criteria: The Analytic/Synthetic ...
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Why cannot reports of a miracle overpower all our experience and laws of nature?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Hume; please tell me if Hume's originals answer my question. Source: pp 30-31, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by ...
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Hume held that the self could not be proved due to its not being an impression or idea, but is not the self necessary for associative capacities?

Associations are principles whereby impressions come to exist in different capacities than by what was received initially. So for example, in having the impression of brown, furry, smelly, and so on ...
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Is the capacity to form associations of impressions a passive reality or is it indicative rather of an active principle?

Hume famously held that all that was meaningful in the mind consisted of clear and distinct impressions and ideas. Now, notions such as causation, unity and identity are held to be a result of ...
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What is the difference between correlation and causation?

What is the difference between correlation and causation? Pirates and Global Temperature Example For example, how do we know when we're dealing with correlation only and not also causation here? ...
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Granted Hume's psychological perspective regarding impressions and ideas, doesn't this make his epistemology obscure?

Hume held that all that was meaningfully present to the mind consisted in matters of fact (impressions) and relations of ideas. But even ideas were faint impressions themselves, formed over time by ...
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Aside from association, what brings us to the things we think of, enjoy, and dislike? [closed]

Hume expressed, "The mind is a kind of theatre, where several perceptions successively make their appearance; pass, repass, glide away, and mingle in an infinite variety of postures and situations." ...
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Why does Hume believe a priori knowledge retains the value of meaning despite our not experiencing it?

Hume believes that the only meaningful thoughts are those about relations of ideas (known a priori, examples including mathematics and logic) and matters of fact (known a posterior, examples including ...
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How would Hume classify computer generated mathematical proofs?

Hume's fork divides knowledge of the world into: Analytic a priori: relations of ideas. Synthetic a posteriori: matters of fact, empirical statements about the world. How would Hume classify ...
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How i can understand the phrase of David Hume “Tis this latter principle which peoples the world” on reference of causality?

I'm thinking about the phrase of David Hume that suggest that causality fills the world of beings. I dont know how to understand that: ¿this phrase indicates that the causality posibilities the ...
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According to Humean analysis, if self-identity is but a stream of impressions, than what allows for imagination and associations to begin with?

Imagination is the recollection of certain impressions. But it seems necessary to believe that there is a difference between the recollection of certain impressions and the actual experience of ...
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If the Humean analysis of causality is correct, why don't we observe causeless events more often?

The Humean analysis of causation would hold that there is no actual relation between two events (being 'cause' and 'effect'), and that any sense of 'causal powers' can be reduced to talk about the ...
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Does induction presuppose simpler and more necessary inferences into the events in question, and if so, does this render the Humean analysis wounded?

Induction here is considered in light of the modern view, which is the practice of inferring from particulars to generals. Hume believes that such inference is very problematic since it holds two ...
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How does the Humean analysis of causation account for the following objections?

The Humean analysis of causation reads as follows: "We may define a cause to be an object, followed by another, and where all the objects similar to the first, are followed by objects similar to ...
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How “hard” is A Treatise of Human Nature to read?

Can someone, without any prior knowledge of philosophy, pick up Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature and read it without a problem?
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Hume's definition of cause and effect

I read on Wikipedia that Hume remarks that we may define the relation of cause and effect such that ``where, if the first object had not been, the second never had existed." I do not understand ...
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Why does Hume raise the Missing Shade of Blue?

From reading this question on Hume, having read the first seven sections of the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (which covers the relevant section), a further question hit me. Hume dismisses ...
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How does Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature” affect Kant's position on metaphysics?

Paul Strathern states that Kant never actually read David Hume's most celebrated work "A Treatise of Human Nature", although he read and spoke on his work "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding". ...
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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
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Missing Shade of Blue in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume [duplicate]

I was reading An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding by David Hume, and came across (a couple days ago) a part wherein Hume draws a counterexample towards his epistemological theory and drops it. ...
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Are Hume's “relations of ideas” the same as analytic a priori judgments?

In his Enquiry concerning human understanding, Hume provides the following definition: All the objects of human reason or enquiry may naturally be divided into two kinds, to wit, Relations of ...
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How does 'Is–ought' 'subvert all the vulgar systems of morality' ?

Source:: Hume discusses the problem in book III, part I, section I of his book, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739): ... But as authors do not commonly use this precaution, I shall presume to ...
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Hume and free will

What exactly does Hume consider acting out of free will/being free? Are those two things even the same to him? Now, I believed Hume's definition for being free, to be that if you are doing what you ...
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Why isn't existence a predicate?

According to SEP There are two sets of reasons for denying that existence is a property of individuals. The first is Hume and Kant's puzzlement over what existence would add to an object. What is ...
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Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
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In regards to Hume, do geometry, algebra and arithmetic form ideas that do not come from sense perceptions?

"The less forcible and lively are commonly denominated Thoughts or Ideas. The other species want a name in our language, and in most others; I suppose, because it was not requisite for any, but ...
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Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
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How does Kant respond to Humes problem of Induction?

Its generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Humes critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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Conditions for Deduction

Hume posited a well known critique of causality that goes back to al-Ghazali - that there is no neccesary connection between a cause and an effect. The same argument it seems can be targeted to ...
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Did Putnam prove Hume wrong about the impossiblity of grounds for ethical claims?

Hume's argument in A Treatise of Human Nature that we can't derive normative judgments from descriptive statements is well known. Recently one of my teachers said that Putnam proved Hume wrong by ...
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Hume and Kant on causality: do their views really differ?

David Hume If one event always follows another we believe the first causes the second. But it is impossible to prove, empirically or logically, that the second event happened because the first ...
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What is a good article on Hume's view on causality?

Could anyone please let me know of a good review article that gives and overview of Hume's view on causality?
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What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
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How fatal is Rands error in tackling Humes is-ought distinction?

Rand calls her philosophy Objectivism as she declares this moral philosophy is wholly & entirely rational and that the world has an objective character: It is out there. Hume, on the other hand ...
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Was the Kants Categorical Imperative an answer to Humes Is-Ought problem?

Hume asked the question how can one move from an 'is' to an 'ought' in his book, A Treatise on Human Nature: In every system of morality, which I have hitherto met with, I have always remarked, ...
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Is Hume's Fork self-refuting?

David Hume wrote: If we take in our hand any volume; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it ...
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How can one in principle distinguish causality from observed regularity?

Hume showed that one cannot infer cause & effect in nature by induction alone. We only notice that when event A occurs then so does event B. If event A always occurs before event B we are still ...
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Should philosophers be concerned about the political implications of the theories of other philosophers (as well as their own)?

Edward Said writes in his book Orientalism Similarly-as Harry Bracken has been tirelessly showing-philosophers will conduct their discussions of Locke, Hume, and empiricism without ever taking ...
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Hume's position on Moral Judgement [closed]

I am reading some extracts from Hume's "treaties" and some papers which have been released on them, but I still do not fully understand Hume's position on moral judgement. Hume states that moral ...
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What is Kant’s strategy to overcome Humean skepticism without having recourse to the metaphysical excesses of rationalism?

I understand that by metaphysical excesses, he meant supernatural entities, such as God, or the soul, to explain things in the phenomenal world. Also, to my understanding, Hume's skepticism boils ...
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Why do we need a reason for believing that inductive method is necessarily true?

I've been a bit perplexed about the "problem" of induction. Hume challenges other philosophers to come up with a deductive reason for the inductive connection. If the justification of induction ...
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How can I know that I am not immortal? [closed]

You think that you will die just because everyone dies. And you would like to know if you are immortal. How can you know if you are immortal or not?
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Hume eliminated cause & effect, is this verified by our best physical scientific theories?

Hume shows that experience, when looked at rigorously, gives us no information about cause & effect. At most he permits only that two events are simultaneous. Is this reflected in our best ...