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-2
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2answers
61 views

Is materialism and idealism the most basic divergence in philosophy?

By materialism I mean accepting matter existed before, and created minds through biological evolution. Materialism is more skeptical, scientific minded (and I think we can say close to socialism in ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

What exactly does Pierce is trying to argue here?

This paragraph from SEP under the sub-heading Pierce on Reality and Truth: We can then think of the real only as the cause of the (singular) sensations which, in turn, provide our sole ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Assuming we live in a simulation, could we ever be in a position to fully understand it?

1 The simulation is an enviroment, defined and potentially fully controlled by some external entity. 2 The realm is the pool of functions the simulation draws from. For example, Steam's physics ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

In Kants terminology what differentiates *transcendental apperception* from *empirical apperception*

First, some historical context: The term apperception originates with René Descartes in the form of the word apercevoir in his book Traité des passions. Leibniz introduced the concept of ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Transcendental Idealism and past time

According to Kant, time is part of the phenomenal realm. What would Kant say about past events such as the big bang when no minds existed? Would he say we can't know such things?
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Any recommendation of books on Fichte's later period thoughts

It seems extremely difficult to find a book that elaborates on Fichte's later period (after Jena period) thoughts. Can anyone recommend me a book?
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is meant by transcendental idealism?

What exactly is meant by transcendential idealism? Is it simply the idea that we can't possibly observe things-in-themselves directly (like idealism), so (unlike idealism) we know they exist, but not ...
5
votes
4answers
279 views

Regarding platonism, and the absurd applicability of mathematics to physics

I am much interested in discussions such as Wigner's "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences". It's quite amazing that mathematics so well applies to our universe, and ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Why is Hegel more important than Schelling?

I am curious why Hegel became more important than Schelling. First of all, how would Schelling's ideas differ from Hegel's? I read that there are some supernatural elements in Schelling's, but do not ...
7
votes
1answer
366 views

Why does Chalmers' argument about “the hard problem” not entail idealism?

Chalmers famously argues in Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness: At the end of the day, the same criticism applies to any purely physical account of consciousness. For any physical process ...
2
votes
1answer
351 views

Understanding atheistic idealism [closed]

Berkeley holds the world together by saying it is God's idea. But how can we explain the shared world of experience in an atheistic idealism like Schopenhauer's?
23
votes
7answers
871 views

Why has the philosophy of Bishop Berkeley fallen out of favor in academic philosophy?

I studied George Berkeley as an undergraduate, and though I absolutely loved his work and his philosophy, many of my peers, and even some of my professors, found his philosophy wholly unappealing, ...