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5
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3answers
162 views

How can a stream of thoughts and perceptions have freewill?

William James believed that there was no central entity or ego that embodied the "I" in "I feel" or "I think". That the continuous stream of thoughts and sensations generated the illusion of their ...
1
vote
4answers
52 views

Is there a philosophical definition for “difference” and “similarity”? When are 2 logical arguments “different” or “similar”? [closed]

Is there a philosophical definition for "difference" and "similarity"? When are 2 logically valid arguments "different" or "similar"?
2
votes
1answer
32 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is an “R connection” really all we care about in terms of personal identity?

Derek Parfit in his article Reasons and Persons brings the following scenario - your brain is split in 2 pieces, each capable of surviving on their own, and transplanted into 2 other people (Righty ...
-1
votes
4answers
116 views

Would a clone of myself be a different person than myself? [closed]

don't know if anyone will read this, but just a random thought I had: Try to imagine the following: you wake up in a hospital bed, with no recollection of how you got there. You look over at the bed ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Why is violating “the only x and y principle” a problem in personal identity theory?

The only x and y principle states that the relation between "x=y" only depends on facts about x & y. So if we say something like "Bob is this particular human being" then this relationship is only ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

About the philosophy of physicalism

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chinese Room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism, and the idea our minds are identical to our brains?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

identity and self

From "The Craft of Family Therapy" by Salvador Minuchin, etc.: A self is created in a context populated by significant "others" at different historical periods in the life of a person, but it ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

What's the difference between cloning and metabolism in terms of affecting personal identity?

Suppose I'm cloned when I am alive. Provided there is a technology that can copy ALL my mental states into the clone, such as memories, values, beliefs and the like. No more, no less. Also there is ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

A discussion of consciousness and existence

Consider the following three scenarios: 1) Two clones with the same memories, feelings, etc. are in a room. Clone A is killed by Clone B. Clone B immediately loses all memories of Clone A and the ...
2
votes
2answers
435 views

Is there a philosophical word to describe “Trigger's Brush”?

In the TV show Only Fools and Horses a character called Trigger has a sweeping brush. He is proud that he has had the same brush for 17 years. However he reveals he's replaced both the head and ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Almost Sure Mind Transfer via Parfit's Identity Theory (interesting thought experiment)

Under Derek Parfit's theory of identity, we should direct our concern to future selves not because they are identical to us, but because they bear some special relation to our current self. He used ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

The identity problem

Considering that I cannot feel my future self, why should I care for it more than I care about other people? In other words, from my present perspective, what differs future "me" from a different ...
5
votes
3answers
168 views

What's a name for the impossibility of identity?

It appears to me that no two things can ever be identical, yet the notion that they can has been deployed rather without pause about a billion times in theoretical literature in philosophy and ...
2
votes
1answer
519 views

Can a persons continuity of consciousness be broken and a new person arise?

I realize that the person I am as I type these letters and the person I am at the end of this sentence is slightly different. Change occurs all the time and infact change within my brain is the reason ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

If I upload my brain into a computer is it still me?

I think the answer is yes but I know a lot of people disagree. So, I would like to ask these people when exactly does it stop being me. Let's say I want to upload my brain into a computer using the ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

Does the 'too many thinkers' argument cripple Locke's conception of Man and Persons?

Does the too many thinkers problem present a counter-argument to John Locke's account of personal identity, if we apply it to his conceptions of Man and Person? If so, how might Locke answer this ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Did Locke reject the idea that people had temporal parts?

I'm currently studying Locke's theory of personal identity and wondered if his writing rejected the idea that people had temporal parts. Does anyone have any references that would support the idea ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How to account for the identity of books or theories? Inquiries into qualitative identity

I'm looking for articles or books that discuss how we account for qualitative identity. The distinction between qualitative and numerical identity is often drawn, but then the discussion tends to veer ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Books/Pieces/Essays about self-worth? [closed]

I'm interested in reading some good books/pieces/essays about self-worth (ultimate meaning of life, learning, working, etc). It's hard to precisely define the topic, but anything you think is ...
24
votes
10answers
969 views

How can one differentiate nonexistent entities?

How is it possible for things that do not exist to not be the same? How can one differentiate nonexistent entities? How can I know the difference between ghosts and werewolves if neither exist?
8
votes
6answers
448 views

When and why do we say that two things are the same

In a preceeding question I have asked about the foundations of rational reasonning. It seems the concept of identity plays a key role. However "identity" is not observed in the real world: our mind ...