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4
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5answers
308 views

Inductive argument for infinite number of cities

Think of a city, say the capital of Germany, Berlin. Now I can easily come up with another city, like San Fransisco. Now with two cities in mind, I can still come up with another city (Stockholm, for ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Has the Problem of Induction been solved?

The problem as to acquiring knowledge about times where we cannot experiment/observe. For e.g, you haven't seen the future, so you cannot make any definitive statements, or rather, scientifically ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What does Samir Okasha mean in this quote about converting invalid to valid argument?

I'm reading Samir Okasha's article "Does Hume’s argument against induction rest on a quantifier-shift fallacy?" and in page 240 there is this: Consider a typical inductive inference of the sort ...
5
votes
1answer
715 views

Is Poppers Solution to the Problem of Induction still valid?

Popper (negativly) solved the problem of induction by showing that there is no class of sentences (analytic/synthetic, a priori/a posteriori) in which a principle of induction can be phrased without ...
7
votes
1answer
505 views

What did Wittgenstein mean by saying that the belief in the causal nexus is a superstition?

In the Tractatus-Logicus Wittenstein says: 5.1361 The events of the future cannot be inferred from those of the present. Superstition is the belief in the causal nexus. I'm not quite ...
3
votes
2answers
462 views

Inductive reasoning and justification

Most people agree that knowing something one acquired from inductive reasoning is knowledge, that is justified true belief. For example we observed for years, that Sun rises from the East, we still ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Recursive definitions. Am I sane?

"The difference between me and a madman is the madman thinks that he is sane. I know that I am mad." ~ Salvador Dalí There are many terms defined in a recursive manner, e.g.: A person A is sane ...
5
votes
6answers
481 views

Why do we need a reason for believing that inductive method is necessarily true?

I've been a bit perplexed about the "problem" of induction. Hume challenges other philosophers to come up with a deductive reason for the inductive connection. If the justification of induction ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Popular exposition of the problem of induction

Is there a good survey article for lay readers (imagine an intelligent secondary-school pupil who may later do graduate work in philosophy but doesn't yet know much) of the philosophical difficulties ...
4
votes
4answers
253 views

How does induction relate to falsifiability?

I was thinking about the question How can I know that I am not immortal? and started wondering about the relation between induction and falsifiability. Regarding the cited question, one thinks: well, ...
6
votes
5answers
436 views

How can I know that I am not immortal?

You think that you will die just because everyone dies. And you would like to know if you are immortal. How can you know if you are immortal or not?
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Isnt induction just deduction with an implicit premise?

I have a problem with the distinction between induction and deduction. To me it does not make sense to talk about induction at all. People argue that the following is induction: A_1 is x A_2 is x ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Problem of induction without i.i.d

In this paper of Aaronson's, a proof is given of Occam's razor by appealing to PAC learning. My understanding of Valiant's bounds for PAC learners is that it requires i.i.d. This is often a ...
3
votes
1answer
326 views

What is the difference between the old problem of induction and Goodman's new problem of induction?

I just do not understand how he claims to have defeated the old problem.
7
votes
5answers
341 views

Does Karl Popper's work address the Principle of Uniformity of Nature?

It seems to me that Popper's solution does not address the more difficult problem of induction that Hume calls the Principle of Uniformity of Nature. In other words, we might find evidence against a ...
8
votes
1answer
542 views

What's the relevance of falsifiability in regards to logical arguments?

Is it reasonable to classify logical propositions that rely on deduction and are non-falsifiable as being inherently not worthy pursuing or does this just applies to inductive reasoning?