Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
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Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
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Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
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Question about Kant's Categorical Imperative Test

To what extent does Kant successfully apply his four illustrations to his categorical imperative test? (Do not make false promises etc) The question can be split into two questions: What makes ...
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Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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Morality of God and Kant's Refutation of the Ontological Argument for God's Existence

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
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Are we born critically synthesising concepts?

Following this question asking about whether we are born 'critically thinking'; which suggested this question asking whether we are born with Kants categories. Expanding further on the original ...
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Are we born with Kantian Categories?

Following this question; given that Kantian Categories are required to sythesise Concepts and for the conditions of experience; does this mean that we are born with them?
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The death of dogma is the beginning of morality? (Kant)

What did Kant mean when he said "The death of dogma is the beginning of morality"? Does it mean that you can only start being truly ethical when you are not looking at things based on a series of ...
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The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
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On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
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Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...
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Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
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How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
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Can anyone correct my understanding of “a priori conception”

Not only in judgements, however, but even in conceptions, is an a priori origin manifest. For example, if we take away by degrees from our conceptions of a body all that can be referred to mere ...
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What would Kant say about an irrational person?

I've been reading about Kant and everything I've read so far assumes that as we make ethical decisions we are dealing with a rational person. For example, Kant argued that rational beings can never be ...
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How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
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Are there *a priori* truths for a self-learning artificial intelligence system?

Assume a group of scientists builds a self learning artificial intelligence (AI) system, consisting of the following components: Some input data channels and sensors, allowing the system to learn ...
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Why does it matter whether knowledge is synthetic or analytic?

I have done some reading around Kant's idea of splitting knowledge into synthetic and analytic. I don't understand why does this split matter, knowledge could be split in other way by different ...
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How does Kant respond to Humes problem of Induction?

Its generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Humes critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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How does post-humanism deal with Kants Copernican turn?

Presumably as a term it decentres the human subject as inherited from Renaissance humanism; this continuing the Copernican revolution of decentring the human habitus. This suggests it bypasses Kants ...
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What is the meaning of Kant's category 'Community'?

I've got a deadline in a few days and I'm struggling to find any explanations of 'Community' (gemeinschaft) which I can understand with real world examples.
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Was Kant successful in establishing the autonomy of the will?

Was Kant successful in establishing the autonomy of the will, and hence the authority of moral demands over us? Kant appeared not to recognize the gap existing between the law of an autonomous ...
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Does human existence have absolute worth?

Kant says that only something “whose existence in itself had an absolute worth” could be the ground of a categorically binding law. He then boldly proclaims that Humanity is this absolutely valuable ...
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Kant on Euthanasia

I know there are many permutations of questions pertaining to euthanasia, but in the interest of specificity, let's keep it to these two cases. How might Kant respond to: A) The claim that ...
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What counts as a talent for Kant?

According to Kant, we have an imperfect duty towards ourselves to develop our talents. What counts as a talent? Could something as trivial as juggling constitute a talent? Surely Kant is referring ...
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Kant on Positive Obligations (to children)

With respect to the Formula of Humanity, if we accept that: A) We are each capable of acting 'on the basis of reason' (in accordance with the requirement of universal law); and B) Rationality is ...
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Law and The Formula of Humanity

There seems to be a clear notion of "taking into consideration" the humanity of others in the Formula of Humanity. "Every rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means for ...
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Problem for The Categorical Imperative

How might Kant respond to this scenario? Joseph Goebbels enjoins you to publicly declare falsely that Tim is Jewish (so that Goebbels can have him killed). You know that Tim is in fact Jewish. The ...
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Can an infinite be undifferentiated?

Starting in amthematics: The infinite in mathematics must be differentiated: we have the sequence - 0,1,2,3...; where each number is distinct. The same goes for infinite ordinals and cardinals. ...
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In Kantian ethics, how does one choose a universalizable maxim?

For a homework assignment, I am to apply Kantian ethics (the categorical imperative) to a concrete question. I purposely do not mention the actual homework problem in this question; this is purely an ...
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Kant & Intentionality

Kant is famous for subordinating reality in one aspect (the phenomenal) to consciousness via his Copernican Revolution of subordinating objects to the ground of intuition. Husserl, in his theory of ...
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Thorough analysis of Kant's “conditions of possibility”

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
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Is the cogito analytic a priori?

Descarte said 'I think therefore I am', or in the orginal Latin, cogito ergo sum. Is this analytic a priori? The evidence for it being analytic, is that the first statement 'I think' includes a ...
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Is Chomskys universal grammar synthetic a priori?

Chomskys notion of a universal grammar is his way of comprehending that human languages appear to have a deep grammar, and that children appear to learn language as though they are primed for it. It ...
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What is the analytic-synthetic dilemma concerning existence?

Reading a paper on Descartes I found the following summary of criticism: Stuart Hampshire, on the one hand, emphasizing the indubitability required of the principle by Descartes, concludes that ...
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What is *lost* and *gained* in repudiating the analytic/synthetic distinction?

Analytic sentences are characterized as sentences whose truth values derive from their meanings alone. The truth of synthetic sentences depend on both meaning and fact. In the early modern ...
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Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science

Kant holds idealist view on space. He thinks space is merely “forms of intuition,” that is, ways in which human order and arrange the things they perceive. They are not features of things in ...
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Kant's refutation of empiricism

I have been told from numerous sources that Kant's arguments against empiricism basically "refuted" it, specifically the ones found in his "Critique of Pure Reason". Unfortunately, for me, reading ...
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Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
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Why does Kant not include Nature as an Idea of Reason?

The difference between an idea and concept is that the former is inexhaustible and does not allow for the determinations granted to the latter. For example, throughout the history of philosophy we ...
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Can a machine, lacking reflection, be a Person?

We are well beyond Frankenstein and the experience that the machine—“it’s alive”! As we continue to rely on Suri’s for GPS directions, “self”-checkout aisles, or the artificial intelligence of robotic ...
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In The Critique of Pure Reason, why does Kant use 5+7=12 as an example of synthetic a priori judgment?

Sorry if this sounds stupid but I was wondering if there is any particular reason for choosing 5+7=12.
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Which was more important to Kant - good will or right actions?

I only know a bit about Kant from one college course, and I was wondering about Kant's approach to the question of what defines a good action. I know he rejected the consequentialist approach, and ...
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Hume and Kant on causality: do their views really differ?

David Hume If one event always follows another we believe the first causes the second. But it is impossible to prove, empirically or logically, that the second event happened because the first ...
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What is a good reference to see how noumena and phenomena are connected?

What philosophies or philosophers made attempts to unify noumena and phenomena as indistinct from each other, that is to show that they are all mere pattern representations* in a "mindspace"**? The ...
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Kant's Refutation of Idealism

from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-transcendental/#RefIde Dicker reconstructs Kant's Refutation of Idealism as saying: I can be aware of having experiences that occur in a specific temporal ...
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How does Kant link the three subordinate formulations of the categorical imperative to the universal law?

How does Kant derive The Formula of an End in Itself, The Formula of Autonomy, and The Formula of the Kingdom of Ends from the The Formula of the Universal Law? So far, this is my understanding of ...
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Introduction to understanding behaviour

I am trying to find good references that explain why human agents behave the way they do (and if possible more specifically when dealing with choices, or even tastes if you like). I know from ...
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Is the Body without Organs a phase space? Or an image of the actual body?

Reading Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus, I am unclear on the nature of the Body without Organs. Most literature seems to describe this body as a phase space in the mathematical sense of the term, ...