Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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Is there a particular reason why Immanuel Kant didn't ever leave Königsberg?

Was it just a coincidence because he simply never got the opportunity to, or because he refused to leave his home city for ideological reasons ?
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How to improve critical thinking?

Critical thinking is at the heart of philosophy, so what are some ways to improve it? For example... Kant's fundamental work Critique of Pure Reason votes for critical thinking already by its title. ...
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Can we conceive of noumena and do we need to?

The encyclopedia Britannica says: Kant’s immediate successors in German Idealism in fact rejected the noumenal as having no existence for man’s intelligence A few days ago I asked another ...
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How does Kant justify the introduction of the noumenon?

Kant introduces the notion of the noumenon in his critical philosophy; he also later demonstrates in his system that solipsism isn't possible. Is the introduction of the noumenon essential to this ...
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Is Kant's noumenon infinite and in what sense?

In the Critique of Pure Reason (B306) Kant defines noumenon - the thing in itself: If, by the term noumenon, we understand a thing so far as it is not an object of our sensuous intuition, thus ...
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Is there a Kantian a priori deduction (post-hoc) of Newtons Second Law?

Kant provided an a priori analysis or deduction of Newton's third law - the law of action and reaction. This leaves the first and second law; it's an easy observation that the first law follows from ...
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On the homogeneity of physical law

Its taken as granted that physical law does not vary in space and time; everywhere and at everytime it is the same. When was this properly suggested? My first inclination would be Newtons physical ...
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Kantian ethics. What are the basic ethical problems that Kantian ethics confronts, and the solution that it provides [closed]

I'm in an ethics course and I'm trying to study for the final. What is the ethical problem that Kantian ethics confronts and what is the solution? So far I understand that the problem has to do ...
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Is there a reputable copy of Kants anthropology online?

I've looked through Google, but haven't found one; is it seen as a minor and unimportant work as one generally doesn't hear of it given the prominence of his three critiques.
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How are empirical concepts acquired according to Kant?

In Critique of Pure Reason Kant describes in detail what aspects of our knowledge are a priori, and how they function, but on the empirical aspects he is sketchy and cryptic. Very briefly, our ...
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Are aesthetic judgments rational?

I'm not 100% on how to answer this question and would like some of you to weigh in and enlighten me.
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Is Kant's “noumenal self” argument on freedom flawed?

This is what is supposedly his claim: My noumenal self is an uncaused cause outside of time, which therefore is not subject to the deterministic laws of nature in accordance with which our ...
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Books to self-study Immanuel Kant

I am impressed by Kant's moral or nominative laws- hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative as well as the three versions of the categorical imperative. I want to grasp whatever Kant ...
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Is the noumena, in a sense apeiron?

Consider Anaximanders apeiron, the indeterminate in the context of Platos theory of Forms; a form, an idea makes the indeterminate determinate in some particular way (In Anaximanders system - rotation ...
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For Kant, how is pleasure in beauty disinterested?

Kant states that pleasure in beauty is not based on desire and does not produce any. But don't we usually have a desire to have things that are beautiful in our lives? Such as "this car is beautiful! ...
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How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
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Did Kant say something like “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement”?

I need to fact-check something for a book. The author says: ... to paraphrase Kant, “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement.” I can't find anything along these lines online in ...
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How does Hume's “Treatise of Human Nature” affect Kant's position on metaphysics?

Paul Strathern states that Kant never actually read David Hume's most celebrated work "A Treatise of Human Nature", although he read and spoke on his work "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding". ...
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Schopenhauer and space-time

Consider the following, fairly famous statement (amongst the cognoscenti of natural philosophy) of Minkowski, a collaborator of Einsteins on the new conception of space and time that Einsteins theory ...
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Connection between Kant's defense of the belief in God and Kant's categories?

Kant states in the Critique of Pure Reason (English translation) that Thus the entire armament of reason, in the undertaking that one can call pure philosophy, is in fact directed only at the ...
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The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void [closed]

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
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divides three kind unity in kant's Critique of Pure Reason

I'm totally new in philosophy, but according to my reading on transcendental Aesthetic and transcendental logic and categories ,I'd like to divide three kind of unity like this : 1- Unity of ...
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How do modern metaphysicians respond to Kant and Wittgenstein?

As far as I've understood, Kant argued that metaphysical knowledge is impossible because the human mind is not capable enough to acquire it. Wittgenstein, on the other hand, claimed that metaphysical ...
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Kant's cleavage of knowledge

In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant goes to great lengths to distinguish transcendental knowledge from other a priori knowledge. For Kant, is transcendental knowledge distinct from analytic or ...
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What does it mean for Kant for someone to lie?

Would Kant identify the act of lying with the intention to delude or with the act of speaking untruth, when their conjunction is not given? It is possible to try to deceive someone but nonetheless ...
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Is Hawking channeling Kant in his explanation of how the arrow of time works?

In "A Brief History of Time" - Chapter 9, Stephen Hawking gives an explanation of how the arrow of time works, i.e. why time seems to move forward in one direction while space can go in different ...
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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
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How would Kant defend the concept of the noumenon against Berkeley's charge?

Berkeley asserts that it is meaningless to speak of things-in-themselves that are not subject to human evaluation. Given that, no ampliative judgements can be made by postulating a causal relation ...
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Normativity in Science

According to the description of language and norms in Analytic Philosophy (and especially in the way Rorty talks about it in Contingency Irony and Solidarity) we cannot judge one vocabulary using our ...
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Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
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What is it mean by “to be meet with in space” by Moore?

I was reading the Moore's proof of external world, and I am completely stuck with an idea/phrase of "to be meet with in space." It is on page 130 on the following pdf philosophical papers, collier ...
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Can the correspondance theory of truth take into account observer effects?

Kant wrote in the Metaphysics of Natural Science If we ·keep mathematics out of the picture and· think of the doctrine of the soul merely as a systematic art of analysis or as an experimental ...
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Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
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Was the reappraisal of time, space and motion by Einstein, in Kantian terms, a transcendental deduction?

According to the SEP a Transcendental Deduction is: In Kants conception, an argument of this kind begins with a compelling premise about our thought, knowledge or experience and then reasons to a ...
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How can one justify Newton's third law?

In one sense it is justified by the overall success if Newtonian Mechanics; still, one can ask are there arguments that can justify it from other principles; ie principle that are * a priori* in ...
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are Wittgensteins propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus; does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a postereroi divisions; or does his ...
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Is a relativistic particle 'kantian'?

Newton, in the Principia conceived time as flowing everywhere at the same rate (this is anticipated also in Aristotles Physics). Time here is independent of bodies and particles; in a sense it is ...
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How's this version of Kant's Categorical Imperative 'more humanistic'?

Source: You Can Be Stronger - Kant Said So!, by Mark D. White, PhD (University of Cincinnati), BSBA (Ohio Northern University), 2010 Mar 1 - all emphasis mine: The other versions of the ...
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How does 'humanity' 'reside undifferentiated in all of us' ?

Foreword: I'm terribly sorry for my flood of questions. Please advise if there are more efficient ways to understand him, which I struggle to do, excepting posing so many questions so often. Source: ...
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How is 'rational capacity' universal? [duplicate]

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" 51:28: But respect for Kant, 51:30: Respect, 51:31: is respect: for humanity which is universal, 51:36: for a ...
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How do you treat retailers without using them as a means?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" A student (who reveals his name as Patrick, at the 52:45 interval) asks: 52:34: Suppose I want to buy something, food. I ...
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Why was Mill wrong to claim that Kant appealed to consequences?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" Question: Despite Prof Sandel's answer below, I still don't understand why JSM was wrong. Does Kant mean: you can appeal ...
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Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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'feelings that support doing the right thing' vs 'the reason for acting'

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" First, a student named Judith says: 35:14: I think that Kant actually says that: it is the pure motivation that gives ...
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What's 'hypothetical' about 'hypothetical imperatives'?

At the 39 minute 32 seconds juncture, hypothetical imperatives are introduced by Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE". I also tried p 515 of 692, Philosophy & Ethics ...
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What are real life examples that can be applied to formalism?

Immanuel Kant states: “So act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an end, and never as only a means.” He also regards that actions have moral worth if the ...
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How does capacity for reason 'exist undifferentiated in all of us'?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 25:35: How many moral laws from Kant’s point ...
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About 'a law I give myself', what do 'cause and effect' and 'laws of nature' mean?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 24:31: If acting morally means acting ...
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What's the difference between negative and indefinite judgment?

I was reading critique of pure reason (the chapter that deals with the categories of judgments) I can not distinguish the difference between a negative judgment and an indefinite judgment, for example ...
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What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?

This isn't a philosophical question; more a question of clarification. Kants second critique, Kritik der Praktischen Vernuft, or Critique of Practical Reason, is actually a work of moral philosophy or ...