Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
29 views

How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
3
votes
3answers
85 views

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

Kant - analytic/synthetic propositons

I attend a small gathering of philosophers and guest speakers in my local town where we are sometimes lucky enough to get a professor from some university or college to come to give guest lectures. ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Kant and punishment/ rights arbitrations

Does Kant every justify punishment of criminals? For example, is it obligatory for governments to restrict the action of a murderer after they have murdered? Furthermore how can Kant's "principle of ...
1
vote
3answers
31 views

Does Kant distinguish different types of “pure reason”?

Does Kant distinguish different types of "pure reason"s? Viz., is there a human "pure reason," angelic "pure reason," Godly "pure reason," etc.? (cf. this comment) This comment claims "it's quite ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Are Categorical Imperatives neccessarily deontological?

That if something is categorically imperative, that you have a duty to act from it regardless of convenience?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
2
votes
3answers
160 views

Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is Kant's noumenon Aristotle's prime matter?

Aristotle says in Physics 191a7-8: The underlying nature is known by analogy. St. Thomas Aquinas commentates [n. 118]: He [Aristotle] says that the nature which is first subject to mutation, ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Is noumenon to phenomenon for Kant what substance is to accident for Aristotle?

Is     noumenon : phenomenon :: substance : accident     ? I realize the analogy isn't perfect: Aristotle thinks substances can be known, whereas ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Question about Kant's Categorical Imperative Test

To what extent does Kant successfully apply his four illustrations to his categorical imperative test? (Do not make false promises etc) The question can be split into two questions: What makes ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
4
votes
6answers
135 views

Morality of God and Kant's Refutation of the Ontological Argument for God's Existence

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Are we born critically synthesising concepts?

Following this question asking about whether we are born 'critically thinking'; which suggested this question asking whether we are born with Kants categories. Expanding further on the original ...
7
votes
1answer
206 views

Are we born with Kantian Categories?

Following this question; given that Kantian Categories are required to sythesise Concepts and for the conditions of experience; does this mean that we are born with them?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

The death of dogma is the beginning of morality? (Kant)

What did Kant mean when he said "The death of dogma is the beginning of morality"? Does it mean that you can only start being truly ethical when you are not looking at things based on a series of ...
3
votes
4answers
279 views

The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

On Kant's Universalisability

Yes, I have read the other questions on Universalisability - mine is quite different. The question is: if the action in question were hypothetically universalised (i.e everyone could do it), would ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Kant's theory of perception

On Laplace's (the mathematician) wiki-entry http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace the following is stated: "The concept of a potential occurs in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and other ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Is Kantian ethics arbitrary?

Speaking about Kantian ethics, I wondered how one could create a moral theory without knowledge of the world, based on the sole rationality. Without references to experience, what prevents us to ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Can anyone correct my understanding of “a priori conception”

Not only in judgements, however, but even in conceptions, is an a priori origin manifest. For example, if we take away by degrees from our conceptions of a body all that can be referred to mere ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

What would Kant say about an irrational person?

I've been reading about Kant and everything I've read so far assumes that as we make ethical decisions we are dealing with a rational person. For example, Kant argued that rational beings can never be ...
2
votes
5answers
214 views

How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Are there *a priori* truths for a self-learning artificial intelligence system?

Assume a group of scientists builds a self learning artificial intelligence (AI) system, consisting of the following components: Some input data channels and sensors, allowing the system to learn ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Why does it matter whether knowledge is synthetic or analytic?

I have done some reading around Kant's idea of splitting knowledge into synthetic and analytic. I don't understand why does this split matter, knowledge could be split in other way by different ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

How does Kant respond to Humes problem of Induction?

Its generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Humes critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

How does post-humanism deal with Kants Copernican turn?

Presumably as a term it decentres the human subject as inherited from Renaissance humanism; this continuing the Copernican revolution of decentring the human habitus. This suggests it bypasses Kants ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the meaning of Kant's category 'Community'?

I've got a deadline in a few days and I'm struggling to find any explanations of 'Community' (gemeinschaft) which I can understand with real world examples.
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Was Kant successful in establishing the autonomy of the will?

Was Kant successful in establishing the autonomy of the will, and hence the authority of moral demands over us? Kant appeared not to recognize the gap existing between the law of an autonomous ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Does human existence have absolute worth?

Kant says that only something “whose existence in itself had an absolute worth” could be the ground of a categorically binding law. He then boldly proclaims that Humanity is this absolutely valuable ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Kant on Euthanasia

I know there are many permutations of questions pertaining to euthanasia, but in the interest of specificity, let's keep it to these two cases. How might Kant respond to: A) The claim that ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

What counts as a talent for Kant?

According to Kant, we have an imperfect duty towards ourselves to develop our talents. What counts as a talent? Could something as trivial as juggling constitute a talent? Surely Kant is referring ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Kant on Positive Obligations (to children)

With respect to the Formula of Humanity, if we accept that: A) We are each capable of acting 'on the basis of reason' (in accordance with the requirement of universal law); and B) Rationality is ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Law and The Formula of Humanity

There seems to be a clear notion of "taking into consideration" the humanity of others in the Formula of Humanity. "Every rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means for ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Problem for The Categorical Imperative

How might Kant respond to this scenario? Joseph Goebbels enjoins you to publicly declare falsely that Tim is Jewish (so that Goebbels can have him killed). You know that Tim is in fact Jewish. The ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Can an infinite be undifferentiated?

Starting in amthematics: The infinite in mathematics must be differentiated: we have the sequence - 0,1,2,3...; where each number is distinct. The same goes for infinite ordinals and cardinals. ...
4
votes
1answer
639 views

In Kantian ethics, how does one choose a universalizable maxim?

For a homework assignment, I am to apply Kantian ethics (the categorical imperative) to a concrete question. I purposely do not mention the actual homework problem in this question; this is purely an ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Kant & Intentionality

Kant is famous for subordinating reality in one aspect (the phenomenal) to consciousness via his Copernican Revolution of subordinating objects to the ground of intuition. Husserl, in his theory of ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Thorough analysis of Kant's “conditions of possibility”

Is anyone aware of a thorough (mathematical) treatment/analysis of the concept of Kant's "Bedingungen der Möglichkeit" of something (conditions of possibility)? I thought about it in the following ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Is the cogito analytic a priori?

Descarte said 'I think therefore I am', or in the orginal Latin, cogito ergo sum. Is this analytic a priori? The evidence for it being analytic, is that the first statement 'I think' includes a ...
5
votes
3answers
195 views

Is Chomskys universal grammar synthetic a priori?

Chomskys notion of a universal grammar is his way of comprehending that human languages appear to have a deep grammar, and that children appear to learn language as though they are primed for it. It ...
5
votes
0answers
74 views

What is the analytic-synthetic dilemma concerning existence?

Reading a paper on Descartes I found the following summary of criticism: Stuart Hampshire, on the one hand, emphasizing the indubitability required of the principle by Descartes, concludes that ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

What is *lost* and *gained* in repudiating the analytic/synthetic distinction?

Analytic sentences are characterized as sentences whose truth values derive from their meanings alone. The truth of synthetic sentences depend on both meaning and fact. In the early modern ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science

Kant holds idealist view on space. He thinks space is merely “forms of intuition,” that is, ways in which human order and arrange the things they perceive. They are not features of things in ...
4
votes
4answers
287 views

Kant's refutation of empiricism

I have been told from numerous sources that Kant's arguments against empiricism basically "refuted" it, specifically the ones found in his "Critique of Pure Reason". Unfortunately, for me, reading ...
2
votes
2answers
344 views

Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Why does Kant not include Nature as an Idea of Reason?

The difference between an idea and concept is that the former is inexhaustible and does not allow for the determinations granted to the latter. For example, throughout the history of philosophy we ...