Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
0answers
17 views

Levinas' good/evil compared to Kantian good/evil

In "transcendence and evil", Levinas gives an account of how good and evil are not merely opposites, and would be better fit for description in a ven diagram (as a synopsis for those that haven't read ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How does Kant link the noumenal and phenomenal worlds when it comes to the noumenal and phenomenal mind?

Kant argues for a separation between the noumenal world and the phenomenal world, for good reason. Kant does not, however, seem to believe the mind is noumenal. If we operate on a brain and we remove ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

Kant and Error in his Transcendental Idealism

How would Kant handle errors in our perceptions of the world in his transcendental idealism? If what is external to us is so heavily meditated and contributed to by our mental apparatuses, how do you ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Kant's Transcendal Idealism and Empirical Realism

This confuses me. Transcendental idealism and an empirical realism seem to contradict each other; how can you believe in an empirically observable mind-independent reality (which I would presume would ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What 'various shades of pink' did Kant discover, about rose-tinted spectacles that tint our experiences?

Source: p 114, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; but 2012 Reprint ed extant) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge)    If Kant is right, this is a breakthrough. Before him ...
6
votes
2answers
83 views

In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Paraphrased quote identifycation

I'm curious as to who, and I'm completely paraphraising, said that "one should, before becoming angry, diagnose the proper responce to a hurtful comment by looking not at how that person's actions ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

What is the Kantian reason to release a slave?

Suppose it is 1790 and I have inherited a slave. I have been reading this new book Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, and I trying to act according to the categorical imperative. I am ...
5
votes
2answers
251 views

Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this... seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
4
votes
3answers
339 views

How does Locke's realism differ from Kant's realism?

I've been studying Locke recently and I'm having trouble understanding how his epistemic position differs from Kant's, and by implication, why did Kant see his epistemology as being so revolutionary ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Does Sartre's disdain of some professions contradict Kant's Categorical Imperative?

Preface: Source 2 quoted this same passage but in English. As I can read French, I quoted the French original but please command me to post the English translation if I should have. Source 1: p 94, ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Kant's ethics and the Inquiring Murderer

Kant argues that you should not lie to the Inquiring Murderer because if lying is taken to be a principle and then universalized, it leads to a contradiction (namely, nobody would believe the liar). ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Why may I considere Wittgenstein a Kantian thinker with regard to metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is a Kantian philosopher as far as the structure of the Tractatus, as far as the last part (section 6 and comments) are concerned with: that I cannot speak about the subject in the ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

What kind of philosophical questions are transcendental philosophical questions?

There are a lot of different philosophical questions and I'm interested in knowing what kind of questions are asked in or what kind of questions does transcendental philosophy try to answer. I've ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

What is the root reason for Nietzsche calling Kant a “fatal spider”?

Antichrist p11. Why couldn't Nietzsche take the rough with the smooth, in Kant's moral philosophy? Does the categorical imperative have a perspective from which it's reasonable, ether for ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Does Kant anywhere introduce a collective subject?

In my limited reading of Kant I feel somewhat stumped by his apparently reductive individualism. Kant is extremely sensitive to social issues on many matters, and he was writing at a time when ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Kant's assumption of “universality”

I read that Hegel critiques Kant's assumption of the universal concepts, that all humans share the same concepts exactly. But at its core, isn't this statement(claiming an overarching belief of man) ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Good Introductions to Kants Critique of Judgment

Can somebody recommend any? I have come across Wicks & Hughes so far, but I am finding it very difficult. I am also finding it incredibly difficult reading through the Critique itself. Any advice ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Which are noumena: Physical objects, Time and space, Perfectly rational minds?

Source: p 137, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD (in Philosophy, U. Toronto) 10 Which of the following are things-in-themselves, in Kant's view? a) Actions ...
1
vote
3answers
58 views

Why did Kant suggest that the act of speaking presupposes honesty?

Source: p 132, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD in Philosophy (U. Toronto) But how is lying self-contradictory? [1.] Kant suggests that the very act of ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Why did Kant import the Greek 'nooúmenon' for describing his noumenon?

Source: p 216, Philosophy: The Classics (4 ed, 2014) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge) Kant distinguishes between the world we experience (the world of phenomena), and the ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

A similarity of Plato with Kant

In Plato’s Republic his view on the mental faculties is summarized by the famous Analogy of the Divided Line (6.509-11). The universe is divided in two parts, a visble domain and an intelligible one. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Did Kant really believe that all consequences of a person's actions are not subject to his/her reason?

[Scroll down 60% of Sparknotes :] While we can and should take some care to ensure that our actions produce good consequences, the consequences of our actions are not themselves subject to our ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Was Kant incorrect to assert 'natural sciences' as 'a priori'?

[Source :] In natural science no less than in mathematics, Kant held, synthetic a priori judgments provide the necessary foundations for human knowledge. The most general laws of nature, like the ...
4
votes
4answers
133 views

Was Kant incorrect to assert all maths as 'a priori'?

Preface: Kant's assertion is rebutted by Prof David Joyce who references non-Euclidean geometry and by the last sentence on Sparknotes which states that 'empirical geometry is synthetic, but it is ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

'Rouge equals red' : How is this a posteriori?

[1.] Analytic a posteriori judgments cannot arise, since there is never any need to appeal to experience in support of a purely explicative assertion. [2.] Analytic a posteriori claims are ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

What is Kant's view of a mathematical object?

I wonder what are mathematical objects - say, the number 1, a circle etc. - for Kant? Do they have some kind of special status for him compared to ordinary (empirical) objects? Where exactly he talks ...
3
votes
5answers
149 views

Is it possible that space exists in itself according to Kant?

Primairly according to Kant space is a priory form that 'causes' that we can experience things in 3d. He argues this as follow: "In the transcendental exposition, Kant refers back to his metaphysical ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

What's the relationship between good will and duty?

I'm writing an essay about the relationship between good will and duty, using an excerpt from Immanuel Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I find the subject very interesting, but I'm ...
4
votes
3answers
69 views

Is film making ethical?

So I was reading about Kant's categorical imperative as defined by the universal law approach and the "mere means approach." The former as defined by: "act only in accordance with that maxim through ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Can Wittgenstein's critique of private language be turned against (modernized) Kant?

Wittgenstein argued, roughly, that a language has to be learned, and to be learned it has to be used first. Therefore, no private language. But if language has to be learned what then are the a priori ...
4
votes
2answers
353 views

Is number π empirical or a priori?

I used the example of π, but this applies to other transcendental numbers as well, such as e Kant classified statements into 4 epistemic categories based on two criteria: The Analytic/Synthetic ...
4
votes
3answers
151 views

What is Kant's influence on philosophy of science and the demarcation problem?

Kant's proof of the existence of synthetic apriori knowledge was a response to Hume's fork and his views the problem of induction. Given the relevance of these two concepts to the philosophy of ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How does Kant make the transition from proving the existence of synthetic apriori truths to the noumena/phenomena distinction?

I understand how Kant arrives at the existence of synthetic apriori truths, in opposition to Hume's relation of ideas/matters of fact distinction. I also understand the overall epistemic distinction ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

How do you think for the object to 'conform to the constitution of our faculty of intuition'?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 256, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
5
votes
4answers
279 views

What does Kant mean when distinguishing time and space from experiences?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 255, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

'space of which some 'if's are true' vs 'space of which other kinds of 'if's are true'

Source: Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn [p 249:]  But if, following Faraday, we resolve particles themselves into yet further powers, dispositions, ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

How can you imagine yourself in another state, without mentally transporting yourself to that imagined state?

Preface: I capitalised all italics; the book only italicised. Source: pp 141-142 , Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   But suppose instead I am not ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?

Kant's position on things-in-themselves is often described Socratically, of them we know only one thing, that they are. However, in an old but apparently still popular history of philosophy book I ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Can trivial and ridiculous perfect duties be constructed?

First, formulate a maxim that enshrines your reason for acting as you propose. Second, recast that maxim as a universal law of nature governing all rational agents, and so as holding that all ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Was Kant anticipating Gödel's incompleteness with his antinomies?

Kant's attempts to prove that there's a limit to pure reason based on the existence of antinomies, i.e. pairs of propositions where each one is rational, but the proportions contradict each other. One ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Can Kant's antinomies be translated into formal logic?

Kant proves the limits of human reason by providing 4 antinomies, pairs of rational but contradictory statements, which he claims pure reason can never help us decide which one of the pair is correct. ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

How is Kant's 'Kingdom of Ends' anything more than just a combination of the first 2 maxims?

In Kant's categorical imperative, he outlines 3 maxims: Universal moral law: ‘Only act on a maxim that you could will should become a universal law.’ Treat people as ends: ‘Act so as to treat others ...
6
votes
3answers
204 views

Is there any similarity between Kant's noumena and the empty set?

Kant's ding-an-sich or noumena were roundly criticized by Fichte, Hegel, and other near contemporaries as incomprehensible, meaningless, or at least very unsatisfactory. How can we "know" or talk ...
9
votes
4answers
487 views

Why do philosophy of mind courses tend to bypass Kant?

All of the philosophy of mind courses I've seen seem to follow a basic pattern: Start with Descartes and substance dualism Jump to the 20th century and discuss behaviorism, functionalism, identity ...
11
votes
1answer
170 views

How did Kant define knowledge?

A recent question about the Plato's formula K=JTB (knowledge is justified true belief) made me curious as to what Kant thought on the matter. In the prefaces and the Introduction to the first Critique ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it ethically correct for a physician to refuse a course of treatment demanded by the patient?

I'm writing about the medical ethical dilemma of whether or not to give life-sustaining therapy if it is judged to be futile by the doctor anyhow. I'm to write a logically valid argument FOR or ...
3
votes
3answers
72 views

What does Paul Guyer mean by “presuppose” here?

Kant and people writing about Kant often use the word "presuppose". What exactly is meant by this and how does it differ from other words like "imply" or "necessitate"? Here's an example of a use of ...