Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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What is Kant's influence on philosophy of science and the demarcation problem?

Kant's proof of the existence of synthetic apriori knowledge was a response to Hume's fork and his views the problem of induction. Given the relevance of these two concepts to the philosophy of ...
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How does Kant make the transition from proving the existence of synthetic apriori truths to the noumena/phenomena distinction?

I understand how Kant arrives at the existence of synthetic apriori truths, in opposition to Hume's relation of ideas/matters of fact distinction. I also understand the overall epistemic distinction ...
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Is German idealism ontological, epistemic, or something more abstract?

On one hand Kant's transcendental idealism seems purely ontological: His noumena/phenomena distinction is essentially a form of dualism. Add to that: Marx considered himself a materialist in ...
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How do you think for the object to 'conform to the constitution of our faculty of intuition'?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 256, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
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What does Kant mean when distinguishing time and space from experiences?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 255, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
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'space of which some 'if's are true' vs 'space of which other kinds of 'if's are true'

Source: Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn [p 249:]  But if, following Faraday, we resolve particles themselves into yet further powers, dispositions, ...
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How can you imagine yourself in another state, without mentally transporting yourself to that imagined state?

Preface: I capitalised all italics; the book only italicised. Source: pp 141-142 , Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   But suppose instead I am not ...
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Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?

Kant's position on things-in-themselves is often described Socratically, of them we know only one thing, that they are. However, in an old but apparently still popular history of philosophy book I ...
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Can trivial and ridiculous perfect duties be constructed?

First, formulate a maxim that enshrines your reason for acting as you propose. Second, recast that maxim as a universal law of nature governing all rational agents, and so as holding that all ...
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Was Kant anticipating Gödel's incompleteness with his antinomies?

Kant's attempts to prove that there's a limit to pure reason based on the existence of antinomies, i.e. pairs of propositions where each one is rational, but the proportions contradict each other. One ...
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Can Kant's antinomies be translated into formal logic?

Kant proves the limits of human reason by providing 4 antinomies, pairs of rational but contradictory statements, which he claims pure reason can never help us decide which one of the pair is correct. ...
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How is Kant's 'Kingdom of Ends' anything more than just a combination of the first 2 maxims?

In Kant's categorical imperative, he outlines 3 maxims: Universal moral law: ‘Only act on a maxim that you could will should become a universal law.’ Treat people as ends: ‘Act so as to treat others ...
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Is there any similarity between Kant's noumena and the empty set?

Kant's ding-an-sich or noumena were roundly criticized by Fichte, Hegel, and other near contemporaries as incomprehensible, meaningless, or at least very unsatisfactory. How can we "know" or talk ...
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Why do philosophy of mind courses tend to bypass Kant?

All of the philosophy of mind courses I've seen seem to follow a basic pattern: Start with Descartes and substance dualism Jump to the 20th century and discuss behaviorism, functionalism, identity ...
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How did Kant define knowledge?

A recent question about the Plato's formula K=JTB (knowledge is justified true belief) made me curious as to what Kant thought on the matter. In the prefaces and the Introduction to the first Critique ...
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Is it ethically correct for a physician to refuse a course of treatment demanded by the patient?

I'm writing about the medical ethical dilemma of whether or not to give life-sustaining therapy if it is judged to be futile by the doctor anyhow. I'm to write a logically valid argument FOR or ...
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What does Paul Guyer mean by “presuppose” here?

Kant and people writing about Kant often use the word "presuppose". What exactly is meant by this and how does it differ from other words like "imply" or "necessitate"? Here's an example of a use of ...
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Within Kant's moral philosophy, why should agents follow Kantian morality?

I am almost finishing The Grounding for the Metaphysics of morals and I believe I have a pretty good grasp of what deontology deems moral and what it deems immoral, however, I don't understand why we ...
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Can the Kantian categories be interpreted naturalistically?

This relates to a previous question as to whether or not we are "born with" Kantian categories. I had objected that this would imply that the categories in some manner depend upon or inhere in a ...
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How is Kant's transcendental idealism related to Berkeley's subjective idealism?

My understanding is that Berkeley considered the outside world to have no existence at all, and took the statement "It's all in the mind" literally, whereas Kant argued that the outside world exists ...
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What is the sense of thinking in Being & Nothingness?

in Kant's philosophy : the noumenon is inaccessible to humans and the phenomenon exists and accessible to humans (is what we live). Sartre in Being and Nothingness criticizes the Kantian philosophy ...
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Must Kant's a priori concepts of Space and Time be known to us before the 12 pure Categories of the Understanding?

As I continue my deep read of Kant's first critique, I'm struck by the fact that both space and time are a priori concepts, known to us prior to any experience, CPR(A) Transcendental Aesthetic, S.7 ...
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How does Kant's transcendental argument show that the basis for Skepticism is unintelligible?

I understand Kant's categories, however I don't understand their value in arguing against skepticism.
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Is anyone considered authoritative on Kant's First Critique?

As I dive deeper into understanding epistemology more broadly and Kant's first Critique more specifically, I have taken up advice from related posts to read his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics ...
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What does it mean to say that Kant has a twofold ontology?

What does it mean to say that Kant has a twofold ontology? If indeed he does have a twofold ontology. Is that like Descartes' res extensa and res cogitans?
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What are the two formulations of Kant's universalizability test?

I have been asked to explain that two different formulation which Kant gives of universalizability test and how they might lead to different evaluations of a single action based on particular maxim. ...
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Is being a philosopher immoral according to Kant?

More specifically, is taking up any job immoral according to Kant? Because by the Categorical Imperative, since we don't wish that everyone in the world became a philosopher/scientist/engineer etc.? ...
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Is Kant's first axiom precise?

The Categorical Imperative is generally stated with two axioms: Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law Any person who is a ...
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What is Kant's effect on modern culture, beyond philosophy?

It is fairly easy to argue that the ideas of the most notable philosophers in history (those whose names are familiar to laymen) have had effects on society beyond just their influence on other ...
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What would Kant say about this situation considering the categorical imperative?

Given the following situation as an example: "Mr. XY has experienced a lot of misery in his life. A lot of misfortunes and strokes of fate have left their marks in his biography. He has become weary ...
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Defining Kant's idea of the sublime and applying it to a painting?

How would one go about applying Kant's idea of the dynamical sublime to a painting as to Kant the Dynamical sublime is: The dynamically sublime is similar. In this case, a “‘might' or power is ...
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Why are the philosophies of Aristotle and Kant anthropocentric?

I came across this in an article I was reading: Anthropocentrism "is not limited to Jewish and Christian theology and can be found in Aristotle’s Politics and in Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy." ...
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What does Rosenberg mean by the term “Strategy K” with reference to Kant?

In Rosenberg's Accessing Kant, he describes a certain 'Strategy K'. Could anyone succintly explain this strategy for me?
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What is a minimal definition of neo-Kantianism?

The term neoKantian gets applied to a wide range of philosophers, from Helmholtz and Cassirer to Kuhn and even, I have heard, Foucault. I presume that most versions of neoKantianism today take on a ...
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Is it more ethical to neuter cats than to let kittens be born and released outdoors when grownup?

This is about ethical requirements/duties versus practical constraints of people who keep stray cats as pets. This question and its discussion may be extended to stray dogs kept as pets, but ...
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A sketch of the critical kantian project

As I am tired of the scattering of side-problems of kantian philosophy that have to be seen in the light of the very idea behind kantian philosophy, I want to create a question covering the ...
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What use is the Principle of Plentitude?

I am having trouble wrapping my head around the principle of plentitude. It was explained to me thus: "Everything which could exist does exist". What is the use of this untestable notion?
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How were Kant's antinomies originally formatted in print?

This is a question of bibliography and printing, but also of the "physical" history of philosophy. (Hence my "Marxist" tag). And probably has a simple definitive answer. My cheap Penguin version of ...
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Kant's distinction of freedom as transcendental idea and as practical concept: What is the benefit?

Prompted by the current discussion about Kant’s concept of causality of freedom Can Free Will Exist In A Causal Material World? I would like to understand the scope and the difference of the two ...
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Why does Kant say the conservation of matter is a priori rather than empirical?

In the Critique of Pure Reason Kant writes that conservation of matter is a priori synthetic: Natural science (physics) contains a priori synthetic judgments as principles. I need cite only two ...
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Kant's need of God [closed]

My main issue is not the understanding of the text in question, it really is a question about his conception in general: Kant defends the idea of God by hypothising a "supreme (original) good", ...
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What is Kantian view of “God is above morality”?

Is God above morality? Or is God bounded by morality? What is a Kantian view on this? The answer to this question determines how one views a religious order that contradicts our sense of morality. ...
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Is there a Kantian influence on Hilbert's formalist programme?

In this paper by Cassou-Nogues which is on an aspect of the mathematical philosophy of Cavailles he quotes the mathematician Hilbert (a colloborator of Einstein in Gottingen) ...We find ...
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Good commentary on Kant's Moral Philosophy?

I am interested in a book(s) that summarizes Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. I don't mean a critical analysis of Kant's book. Also, I don't mean a summary of his overall moral ...
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Is there a particular reason why Immanuel Kant didn't ever leave Königsberg?

Was it just a coincidence because he simply never got the opportunity to, or because he refused to leave his home city for ideological reasons ?
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How to improve critical thinking?

What are some ways to improve Critical Thinking, which is at the heart of philosophy? For example: Kant's fundamental work Critique of Pure Reason advocates critical thinking already by its title. ...
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Can we conceive of noumena and do we need to?

The encyclopedia Britannica says: Kant’s immediate successors in German Idealism in fact rejected the noumenal as having no existence for man’s intelligence A few days ago I asked another ...
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How does Kant justify the introduction of the noumenon?

Kant introduces the notion of the noumenon in his critical philosophy; he also later demonstrates in his system that solipsism isn't possible. Is the introduction of the noumenon essential to this ...
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Is Kant's noumenon infinite and in what sense?

In the Critique of Pure Reason (B306) Kant defines noumenon - the thing in itself: If, by the term noumenon, we understand a thing so far as it is not an object of our sensuous intuition, thus ...
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Is there a Kantian a priori deduction (post-hoc) of Newtons Second Law?

Kant provided an a priori analysis or deduction of Newton's third law - the law of action and reaction. This leaves the first and second law; it's an easy observation that the first law follows from ...