Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
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How would Kant defend the concept of the noumenon against Berkeley's charge?

Berkeley asserts that it is meaningless to speak of things-in-themselves that are not subject to human evaluation. Given that, no ampliative judgements can be made by postulating a causal relation ...
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Normativity in Science

According to the description of language and norms in Analytic Philosophy (and especially in the way Rorty talks about it in Contingency Irony and Solidarity) we cannot judge one vocabulary using our ...
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Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
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What is it mean by “to be meet with in space” by Moore?

I was reading the Moore's proof of external world, and I am completely stuck with an idea/phrase of "to be meet with in space." It is on page 130 on the following pdf philosophical papers, collier ...
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Can the correspondance theory of truth take into account observer effects?

Kant wrote in the Metaphysics of Natural Science If we ·keep mathematics out of the picture and· think of the doctrine of the soul merely as a systematic art of analysis or as an experimental ...
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Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
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Was the reappraisal of time, space and motion by Einstein, in Kantian terms, a transcendental deduction?

According to the SEP a Transcendental Deduction is: In Kants conception, an argument of this kind begins with a compelling premise about our thought, knowledge or experience and then reasons to a ...
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How can one justify Newton's third law?

In one sense it is justified by the overall success if Newtonian Mechanics; still, one can ask are there arguments that can justify it from other principles; ie principle that are * a priori* in ...
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are Wittgensteins propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus; does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a postereroi divisions; or does his ...
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Is a relativistic particle 'kantian'?

Newton, in the Principia conceived time as flowing everywhere at the same rate (this is anticipated also in Aristotles Physics). Time here is independent of bodies and particles; in a sense it is ...
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How's this version of Kant's Categorical Imperative 'more humanistic'?

Source: You Can Be Stronger - Kant Said So!, by Mark D. White, PhD (University of Cincinnati), BSBA (Ohio Northern University), 2010 Mar 1 - all emphasis mine: The other versions of the ...
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How does 'humanity' 'reside undifferentiated in all of us' ?

Foreword: I'm terribly sorry for my flood of questions. Please advise if there are more efficient ways to understand him, which I struggle to do, excepting posing so many questions so often. Source: ...
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How is 'rational capacity' universal?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" 51:28: But respect for Kant, 51:30: Respect, 51:31: is respect: for humanity which is universal, 51:36: for a ...
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How do you treat retailers without using them as a means?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" A student (who reveals his name as Patrick, at the 52:45 interval) asks: 52:34: Suppose I want to buy something, food. I ...
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Why was Mill wrong to claim that Kant appealed to consequences?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" Question: Despite Prof Sandel's answer below, I still don't understand why JSM was wrong. Does Kant mean: you can appeal ...
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Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

Rawls A Theory of Justice according to Wikipedia, and by his own admission is 'strongly Kantian'. A foundational point or axiom is his 'Veil of Ignorance' - the original position. How can this ...
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'feelings that support doing the right thing' vs 'the reason for acting'

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" First, a student named Judith says: 35:14: I think that Kant actually says that: it is the pure motivation that gives ...
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What's 'hypothetical' about 'hypothetical imperatives'?

At the 39 minute 32 seconds juncture, hypothetical imperatives are introduced by Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE". I also tried p 515 of 692, Philosophy & Ethics ...
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What are real life examples that can be applied to formalism?

Immanuel Kant states: “So act as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in another, always as an end, and never as only a means.” He also regards that actions have moral worth if the ...
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How does capacity for reason 'exist undifferentiated in all of us'?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 25:35: How many moral laws from Kant’s point ...
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About 'a law I give myself', what do 'cause and effect' and 'laws of nature' mean?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 24:31: If acting morally means acting ...
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What's the difference between negative and indefinite judgment?

I was reading critique of pure reason (the chapter that deals with the categories of judgments) I can not distinguish the difference between a negative judgment and an indefinite judgment, for example ...
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What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?

This isn't a philosophical question; more a question of clarification. Kants second critique, Kritik der Praktischen Vernuft, or Critique of Practical Reason, is actually a work of moral philosophy or ...
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Is there a categorical impertaive against humour?

I understand it in the formulation: will only whatever you can will for everyone without [logical] contradiction. If everyone kept telling jokes after a bit nothing would be funny. So do we have an ...
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Reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in german or english

Does learning German and reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German add clarity or insight, or is reading the English translation sufice? In other words, does reading in the original German ...
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Kant and free will

Could someone explain Kant's view on free will to me? As I understand it, Kant says that it is necessary that we have free will, because otherwise it would be unreasonable to hold people responsible. ...
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Are there differences between Kants Categories and Aristotles?

Kant uses his philosophy to reconstruct Aristotles Categories; these enumerate all possible things that can be the predicate or the subject of a proposition. Other than the reconstruction, are there ...
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A Neo-Kantian View on Causality?

Quantum non-determinism seems incompatible with Kant’s defense of causality in his Second Analogy. Stephen R. Palmquist however provides an interesting and appealing case against this supposition, ...
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A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
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Where does Kant say that we are unable to understand God on the basis on his representation in the bible?

I believe the passage I am looking for comes from Critique of Pure Reason. He says something to the effect that we are unable to understand how the representation of God can be both both totally ...
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Has philosophy progressed since Kant? [closed]

Kant reasoned that we can never know "the thing in itself" since all knowledge is acquired via the apparatuses by which humans perceive, understand, and reason. Hence much of science and "human ...
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In Jain Logic what 'is' or 'can be' asserted to be true and indescribable?

Classically a truth value is asserted of a proposition: thus by its very nature it must be describable. Jain Logic has a 'truth value' which is asserted to be true and indescribable; by the above it ...
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Is a perfect chaos possible?

There are various notions of chaos, in myth, science and philosophy: Nietzsche in the Gay Science wrote: the total character of the world is chaos for all eternity - in the sense of not of a lack ...
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How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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Free Will and Rational Thought - Kant

According to http://www.informationphilosopher.com/freedom/history/ Kant believed in both determinism and rational thought. Kant subsumed causality and determinism under his idea of Pure Reason. ...
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Kant and Paranoia

As Kant has a theory of consciousness, can it be used to explain Paranoia? Or at least explicate it a little? Foucault talks about Schizophrenia as an eternal deferrment of signification. In Kant, ...
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Kant's thing(s) in themselves and atomic physics

In answer to someone's question regarding Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science, someone referred to the dichotomy between a cup as normally perceived and a cup as a collection of atoms. If ...
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How would Kant respond? [closed]

I was wondering how Kant would respond to these sorts of questions. "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law without ...
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How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
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Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will? He's an old man, ill in hospital, and badly injured by the part-collapse of his home. He has also been neglecting ...
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Examples of universalizable maxims in Kantian ethics

I'm taking a two year course on philosophy and ethics. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. I understand Kant's theory of "act by a maxim that you would want universalized" and the three ...
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Kant - analytic/synthetic propositons

I attend a small gathering of philosophers and guest speakers in my local town where we are sometimes lucky enough to get a professor from some university or college to come to give guest lectures. ...
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Kant and punishment/ rights arbitrations

Does Kant every justify punishment of criminals? For example, is it obligatory for governments to restrict the action of a murderer after they have murdered? Furthermore how can Kant's "principle of ...
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Does Kant distinguish different types of “pure reason”?

Does Kant distinguish different types of "pure reason"s? Viz., is there a human "pure reason," angelic "pure reason," Godly "pure reason," etc.? (cf. this comment) This comment claims "it's quite ...
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Are Categorical Imperatives neccessarily deontological?

That if something is categorically imperative, that you have a duty to act from it regardless of convenience?
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What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
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Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
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In Kant's ethics, is it allowed to be richer than other people?

I've been reading a bit about Kant's moral philosophy. What I'm now trying to figure out is if the Categorical Imperative would demand a redistribution of wealth. Or in other words, if according to ...