Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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On a kantian perspective, is it morally wrong to find a terrible event in our history very interesting?

I feel currently a personal dilemma: I find events like the Abu Grahib torture scandal highly interesting, especially under what circumstances people do such terrible things. At least, when i only ...
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Unity of Apperception vs. Self Consciousness in Critique of Pure Reason

What is the difference between Unity of Apperception and Self- consciousness? From what I gather so far, Unity of Apperception is a particular part of Self-Consciousness in that UoA brings to ...
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How does Materialism provide response to the kantian split between noumena and phenomena?

How do current (and traditional) materialists address the problems Kant provided with the separation of noumena and phenomena? It would seem a materialist wishes the phenomena to disappear and leave ...
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What is a good example to show that the government should not go against its laws for the greater good of the population [closed]

For example, the FBI unlawfully hacks into everyone's computer and catches 10,000 terrorists in doing so, causing happiness to the general population. What kind of counter example can I give to show ...
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According to Kant, can beauty be found in the human form?

In CPJ, Kant seems to imply that rational gender-necessary-reproductive-species (humans) cannot claim other of the same species humans as beautiful based upon our base desires and inability to escape ...
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Kant's Solution to Uniformity of Nature

I am aware that Kant addressed Hume's skepticism on causality, but I don't see anything in his CPR that solves the problems of induction and uniformity of nature in other contexts like everyday life, ...
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What does Kant mean by “Existence is not a predicate”?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
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Can kantian categories only be applicated to objects given by the senses?

The question is inspired by the comments of this answer by @PédeLeão and I think it deserves a question of its own to have room for clarifying this. Possible candidates Kant, in German, has pretty (...
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How does phenomena prove noumena, for kant?

In relation to a prior posted question (which I didn't feel recieved adiquate response), how does Kant claim that observations of objective reality prove something beyond the phenomena, namely noumena?...
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How does deontological ethics deal with actions that aren't “wrong”?

Deontological ethics, as far as I'm aware of derives morality from the actions rather than the consequences. But what if the action in question isn't necessarily right or wrong? Suppose Kant walked ...
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Two Kinds of Understanding

"Kant concludes §17 by contrasting the human understanding, which requires an act of synthesis to establish its unity, with another possible kind of understanding. This would be an understanding in ...
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Unity is more fundamental than synthesis

Unity is more fundamental than synthesis, since it is a component of the concept of a unified manifold, which is what synthesis brings about. The unity presupposed by synthesis is not the category of ...
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Are Kant and Berkeley in closer philosophical relation than Kant wanted to believe?

Kant called Berkeley a "material idealist" on the grounds that Berkeley stated you are not and cannot experience objects outside a mind because the mind wouldn't understand what that means. Kant ...
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Kant's attitude to introspection

In "A History of Modern Psychology", Schultz & Schultz, 10th edition we read A century before Titchener’s work, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant had written that any attempt at ...
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Is there a loophole in Kitcher's argument for the inadequacy of the law of association?

In Kant's Transcendental Psychology (hereafter, KTP), Patricia Kitcher gives an insightful argument for the inadequacy of the law of association, which she asserts was Hume's primary explanation for ...
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Kant's Take on “If a Tree Falls in a Forest, Does it Make a Sound?”

To Kant, if you stop looking at something or if there are no agents with categories or elements of the understanding within the proximity of an object, does the noumenon manifest itself?
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From a Kantian perspective, could any aspect of this situation be considered moral?

The situation: Let's say two teams are competing in a research competition. The rules require the teams to have members that have never competed in this competition in the past. The director of Team A ...
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can kantian archetypes represent a priori concepts

In Michel Foucault's Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique(History of Madness), he describes how society, throughout history, view(ed/s) and react(ed/s) to madness. The primary ...
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Levinas' good/evil compared to Kantian good/evil

In "transcendence and evil", Levinas gives an account of how good and evil are not merely opposites, and would be better fit for description in a venn diagram (as a synopsis for those that haven't ...
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How does Kant link the noumenal and phenomenal worlds when it comes to the noumenal and phenomenal mind?

Kant argues for a separation between the noumenal world and the phenomenal world, for good reason. Kant does not, however, seem to believe the mind is noumenal. If we operate on a brain and we remove ...
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Kant and Error in his Transcendental Idealism

How would Kant handle errors in our perceptions of the world in his transcendental idealism? If what is external to us is so heavily meditated and contributed to by our mental apparatuses, how do you ...
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Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
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Kant's Transcendal Idealism and Empirical Realism

This confuses me. Transcendental idealism and an empirical realism seem to contradict each other; how can you believe in an empirically observable mind-independent reality (which I would presume would ...
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What 'various shades of pink' did Kant discover, about rose-tinted spectacles that tint our experiences?

Source: p 114, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; but 2012 Reprint ed extant) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge)    If Kant is right, this is a breakthrough. Before him ...
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In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
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Paraphrased quote identifycation

I'm curious as to who, and I'm completely paraphraising, said that "one should, before becoming angry, diagnose the proper responce to a hurtful comment by looking not at how that person's actions ...
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What is the Kantian reason to release a slave?

Suppose it is 1790 and I have inherited a slave. I have been reading this new book Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, and I trying to act according to the categorical imperative. I am ...
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Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this, it seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
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How does Locke's realism differ from Kant's realism?

I've been studying Locke recently and I'm having trouble understanding how his epistemic position differs from Kant's, and by implication, why did Kant see his epistemology as being so revolutionary ...
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Does Sartre's disdain of some professions contradict Kant's Categorical Imperative?

Preface: Source 2 quoted this same passage but in English. As I can read French, I quoted the French original but please command me to post the English translation if I should have. Source 1: p 94, L'...
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Kant's ethics and the Inquiring Murderer [duplicate]

Kant argues that you should not lie to the Inquiring Murderer because if lying is taken to be a principle and then universalized, it leads to a contradiction (namely, nobody would believe the liar). ...
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Why may I considere Wittgenstein a Kantian thinker with regard to metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is a Kantian philosopher as far as the structure of the Tractatus, as far as the last part (section 6 and comments) are concerned with: that I cannot speak about the subject in the ...
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What kind of philosophical questions are transcendental philosophical questions?

There are a lot of different philosophical questions and I'm interested in knowing what kind of questions are asked in or what kind of questions does transcendental philosophy try to answer. I've ...
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What is the root reason for Nietzsche calling Kant a “fatal spider”?

Antichrist p11. Why couldn't Nietzsche take the rough with the smooth, in Kant's moral philosophy? Does the categorical imperative have a perspective from which it's reasonable, ether for Nietzsche'...
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Does Kant anywhere introduce a collective subject?

In my limited reading of Kant I feel somewhat stumped by his apparently reductive individualism. Kant is extremely sensitive to social issues on many matters, and he was writing at a time when Smith,...
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Kant's assumption of “universality”

I read that Hegel critiques Kant's assumption of the universal concepts, that all humans share the same concepts exactly. But at its core, isn't this statement(claiming an overarching belief of man) ...
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Good Introductions to Kants Critique of Judgment

Can somebody recommend any? I have come across Wicks & Hughes so far, but I am finding it very difficult. I am also finding it incredibly difficult reading through the Critique itself. Any advice ...
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Which are noumena: Physical objects, Time and space, Perfectly rational minds?

Source: p 137, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD (in Philosophy, U. Toronto) 10 Which of the following are things-in-themselves, in Kant's view? a) Actions ...
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Why did Kant suggest that the act of speaking presupposes honesty?

Source: p 132, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD in Philosophy (U. Toronto) But how is lying self-contradictory? [1.] Kant suggests that the very act of ...
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Why did Kant import the Greek 'nooúmenon' for describing his noumenon?

Source: p 216, Philosophy: The Classics (4 ed, 2014) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge) Kant distinguishes between the world we experience (the world of phenomena), and the ...
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A similarity of Plato with Kant

In Plato’s Republic his view on the mental faculties is summarized by the famous Analogy of the Divided Line (6.509-11). The universe is divided in two parts, a visble domain and an intelligible one. ...
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Did Kant really believe that all consequences of a person's actions are not subject to his/her reason?

[Scroll down 60% of Sparknotes :] While we can and should take some care to ensure that our actions produce good consequences, the consequences of our actions are not themselves subject to our reason,...
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Was Kant incorrect to assert 'natural sciences' as 'a priori'?

[Source :] In natural science no less than in mathematics, Kant held, synthetic a priori judgments provide the necessary foundations for human knowledge. The most general laws of nature, like the ...
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Was Kant incorrect to assert all maths as 'a priori'?

Preface: Kant's assertion is rebutted by Prof David Joyce who references non-Euclidean geometry and by the last sentence on Sparknotes which states that 'empirical geometry is synthetic, but it is ...
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'Rouge equals red' : How is this a posteriori?

[1.] Analytic a posteriori judgments cannot arise, since there is never any need to appeal to experience in support of a purely explicative assertion. [2.] Analytic a posteriori claims are ...
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What is Kant's view of a mathematical object?

I wonder what are mathematical objects - say, the number 1, a circle etc. - for Kant? Do they have some kind of special status for him compared to ordinary (empirical) objects? Where exactly he talks ...
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Is it possible that space exists in itself according to Kant?

Primairly according to Kant space is a priory form that 'causes' that we can experience things in 3d. He argues this as follow: "In the transcendental exposition, Kant refers back to his metaphysical ...
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What's the relationship between good will and duty?

I'm writing an essay about the relationship between good will and duty, using an excerpt from Immanuel Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I find the subject very interesting, but I'm ...
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Is film making ethical?

So I was reading about Kant's categorical imperative as defined by the universal law approach and the "mere means approach." The former as defined by: "act only in accordance with that maxim through ...
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Can Wittgenstein's critique of private language be turned against (modernized) Kant?

Wittgenstein argued, roughly, that a language has to be learned, and to be learned it has to be used first. Therefore, no private language. But if language has to be learned what then are the a priori ...