Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.

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Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science

Kant holds idealist view on space. He thinks space is merely “forms of intuition,” that is, ways in which human order and arrange the things they perceive. They are not features of things in ...
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Kant's refutation of empiricism

I have been told from numerous sources that Kant's arguments against empiricism basically "refuted" it, specifically the ones found in his "Critique of Pure Reason". Unfortunately, for me, reading ...
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Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
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Why does Kant not include Nature as an Idea of Reason?

The difference between an idea and concept is that the former is inexhaustible and does not allow for the determinations granted to the latter. For example, throughout the history of philosophy we ...
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Can a machine, lacking reflection, be a Person?

We are well beyond Frankenstein and the experience that the machine—“it’s alive”! As we continue to rely on Suri’s for GPS directions, “self”-checkout aisles, or the artificial intelligence of robotic ...
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In The Critique of Pure Reason, why does Kant use 5+7=12 as an example of synthetic a priori judgment?

Sorry if this sounds stupid but I was wondering if there is any particular reason for choosing 5+7=12.
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Which was more important to Kant - good will or right actions?

I only know a bit about Kant from one college course, and I was wondering about Kant's approach to the question of what defines a good action. I know he rejected the consequentialist approach, and ...
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Hume and Kant on causality: do their views really differ?

David Hume If one event always follows another we believe the first causes the second. But it is impossible to prove, empirically or logically, that the second event happened because the first ...
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What is a good reference to see how noumena and phenomena are connected?

What philosophies or philosophers made attempts to unify noumena and phenomena as indistinct from each other, that is to show that they are all mere pattern representations* in a "mindspace"**? The ...
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Kant's Refutation of Idealism

from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-transcendental/#RefIde Dicker reconstructs Kant's Refutation of Idealism as saying: I can be aware of having experiences that occur in a specific temporal ...
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How does Kant link the three subordinate formulations of the categorical imperative to the universal law?

How does Kant derive The Formula of an End in Itself, The Formula of Autonomy, and The Formula of the Kingdom of Ends from the The Formula of the Universal Law? So far, this is my understanding of ...
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Introduction to understanding behaviour

I am trying to find good references that explain why human agents behave the way they do (and if possible more specifically when dealing with choices, or even tastes if you like). I know from ...
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Is the Body without Organs a phase space? Or an image of the actual body?

Reading Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus, I am unclear on the nature of the Body without Organs. Most literature seems to describe this body as a phase space in the mathematical sense of the term, ...
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Considering kantian determinism for phenomena, what's the point of ethics?

Kant's determinism seems to imply that if we (somehow) get to know all the physical properties of a certain object we can also know what will be the state of the latter object given a certain period ...
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Kant and Hume on Cartesian conception of the self

Both Kant and Hume wrote against Cartesian idea that the conscious experience can lead us to know that we exist as immaterial thinking matters. I've understood that both reject his idea and agree on ...
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What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
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Does Rand appropriate Kants Categorical Imperative?

Rand doesn't explicitly refer to Kant in her ouevre, however in her first essay in her book Objectivist Ethics, Rand writes: The basic social principal of the Objectivist ethics is that just as ...
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Is Poppers criticism of Kant valid?

Hume applying rationality to causality showed that it could not exist - the question is then how does it exist. Kants reply was to place it in the mind. Popper discusses this in his *Conjectures & ...
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How would Kant have responded to Darwin's conception of human evolution?

How would Kant have responded to Darwin? That is, how would Kant's theory on the individual as being comprised of a unity of consciousness (in his critique on pure reason), with the theory of Darwin's ...
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How does Kant tie the categorical imperative to its noumenal manifestation

Locke rejected what is essentially Kant's categorical imperative: “that one should do only as he would be done unto” (Essay 1, Kindle Locations 650-652). The rejection was based on the fact that the ...
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Kant's antinomies and modern philosophy

Can anybody advise me reading on how modern philosophy treats Kant"s antinomies? In particular, I am curious, what is the attitude of analytic philosophy to the idea that human intellect inevitably ...
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Deontology: Perfect vs. Imperfect Duties

I have a question regarding Kant's deontological Maxim of both Perfect and Imperfect duties. What I know about them is that Perfect duties require a person to perform a certain "action" all the time, ...
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Is correlationism Kantian or post-Kantian?

In Speculative Realism, Correlationism is defined as the term linking Thinking and Being. Is the term original to this movement or picked up from post-Kantian thinking?
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What unique ideas does speculative realism present?

Speculative realism seems to be based primarily on opposing the Kantian philosophy of correlationism - I quote Meillassoux: Correlationism consists in disqualifying the claim that it is possible ...
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Are the laws of conservation synthetic a priori?

Since the belief in invariance of physical laws with respect to space and time translations is a pre-requisite to do science, and given that Noether's theorem establishes the equivalence between those ...
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A contradiction in Kant's Universalizability Principle

I figured a contradiction in Kant's Universalizability principle, but I'm very surprised that it was so easy to prove that wrong, so I think that I might be wrong somewhere. Let us first begin with a ...
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What do contemporary philosophers think of Kant's categories of the understanding?

In the first Critique, Kant listed the different "categories" that are necessary "a priori" for human understanding : quantity, quality, modality and relation. (if my understanding is correct!) Are ...
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Has Kantian ethics ever answered the question: Why should we act morally? Why ought we do the right thing?

As far as I know, the building blocks of Kant's moral philosophy include: Kant's epistemology, thinkability(what?) of the free will. Categorical imperative (universality, treat things as ends not ...
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How much is our understanding of Kant's Categorical Framework (published in German in 1781) obscured by translation and basic semantics?

Upon reading about and later researching [1] Kant's famous Categorical Framework, which is included as a key part of his classic Critique of Pure Reason (1781), I am struck by aspects that are quite ...
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Was the Kants Categorical Imperative an answer to Humes Is-Ought problem?

Hume asked the question how can one move from an 'is' to an 'ought' in his book, A Treatise on Human Nature: In every system of morality, which I have hitherto met with, I have always remarked, ...
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Kant and categorical imperative dilemma?

I was wondering, what would Kant and the categorical imperative say about the following situation? Person A has made a promise to person B that Person A would not tell of a crime of stealing in a ...
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What were some of Russell's arguments against Kant's system of thought?

I just finished reading Bertrand Russell's 'A History of Western Philosophy', and while I thoroughly enjoyed the book and find Russell's own work quite interesting, his overview of Kant seemed a bit ...
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I don't understand why Kant's definition of an analytic concept can't be expressed in terms of intensional logic

I've been studying the SEP article about intensional logic, and I think I have a good grasp of what "intension" means. The intension of a term like "bachelor" would be a function that designates a ...
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Why does Schelling characterise his philosophy as Positive as opposed to the Negative Philosophy of Kant and Hegel?

According to the Routledges History of Philosophy, Vol 6 - The Age of German Idealism, Schelling had begun to characterize his new standpoint as “positive philosophy,” in contradistinction to the ...
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A thought experiment: Kant vs non-Euclidean geometry

Relevant question: What was the impact of the discovery of non-euclidean geometry on Kantian thought? First question is that I wonder: Had Kant ever got his hands on some treatises about the early ...
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In Kants terminology what differentiates *transcendental apperception* from *empirical apperception*

First, some historical context: The term apperception originates with René Descartes in the form of the word apercevoir in his book Traité des passions. Leibniz introduced the concept of ...
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Kant vs Brain in the vat

If my interpretation is correct, Kant argued in the Critique of pure reason and Prolegomena that: The existence of an external world guarantees that we can intuit, conceive, etc internally. This ...
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Can nihilists reject Kantian necessitation without also rejecting free will?

To me, the rejection of free will seems so useless that it is not even worth seriously considering. However, the existence of free will does seem to necessitate a normative standard by which certain ...
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What does “synthetic unity of the manifold” mean for Kant?

What does Kant mean when he says "synthetic unity of the manifold"? Here are some quotations of the critique of pure reason where Kant uses the term "synthetic unity of the manifold": ...
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Does Kant have a Fourth Critique?

Those familiar with the architectonic nature of Immanuel Kant's philosophy argue about the difference between the three critiques (Critique of Pure Reason; Critique of Practical Reason; and the ...
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Is it generally taken that the thesis of Kant's first antinomy fails?

Kant presented four antinomies, each presented as a pair of thesis & antithesis. The first says that the world does have a beginning in time, he argues by contradiction: If we assume that the ...
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Is this an example of a true contradiction?

EDIT: after - a little reflection on the critiques I've retracted my claim. The principla confusion, for me, was confusing existence as a form of the intuition & transcendentally. Kant marks a ...
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How does Kant answer the objection against mind-dependent reality - which is that I can imagine a time when there were no minds?

Kant wrote: ... if I remove the thinking subject, the whole material world must at once vanish because it is nothing but a phenomenal appearance in the sensibility of ourselves as a subject, and a ...
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How does Kant assert existence of the noumena, if indeed he does?

According to Kant the thing-in-itself or noumena is strictly hidden from us and phenomena are conditioned by the categories of the mind such as time, space, causality amongst others. These categories ...
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How is synthetic a priori knowledge possible?

One of Kants example of this kind of knowledge is the knowledge of geometry, that is of space itself. It is a priori as it cannot be otherwise - it is independent of experience because it is a ...
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What does it mean to have a sense of geometry innate to us - if that is in fact the case?

Most people, if asked whether they know any geometry, will answer no; but most, if not all, can recognise a straight line, a right angle, or a circle; of course they will not be able to define them as ...
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How to express Kant's notion of existence on first-order logic according to Ayer?

In Language, Truth, and Logic, Ayer writes: [As] Kant pointed out, existence is not an attribute. For, when we ascribe an attribute to a thing, we covertly assert that it exists. However, I ...
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Is Kant a Christian Philosopher, not merely a Philosopher who happens to be Christian?

Kant categorical imperative simply seems to me a rational founding for a Christian ethic. As this is the centre-piece of his moral philosophy, it seems to me he is at least morally a Christian ...
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Why shouldn't you lie to the future murderer of your children?

I've heard two versions of this anecdote about Kant's ethics: You are at home and a man with an axe rings the bell. He asks where your children are so that he can kill them. It is, according to ...
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what was Plato's view on noumenon?

The relation between objects in the world is established by pure concepts existing a-priori: 1) These concepts belong to a world of absolute concepts away from the mind - Plato 2) These concepts ...