Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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is knowledge an impediment for seeing things the way they are? is silent observation the true instrument of comprehension?

when we are in a state of not knowing there is much more sensitivity, choiceless awareness, impartial observation, it seems to me.its knowledge the cloud of belief, conclusions preventing the true ...
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157 views

What is the purpose of learning?

This is a question I've been thinking about the last week or so, and this question on Meta SF got me itching to ask it somewhere. Oh, look! Philosophy SE! What is the purpose of learning? By ...
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75 views

Isn't a Gettier case just lack of adequate justification?

As I understand it a Gettier case happens when there is a true belief that is justified but only by luck. Common scenarios include looking at a broken watch and it just happens to be the time on ...
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63 views

What is the absolute ultimate subject (like math, literature, etc)? [closed]

Seems like all subjects are branches of more general subject. Pretty much all sciences seem to find their roots in physics but physics is just math. There are many branches of math but still all just ...
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34 views

Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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119 views

Through The Internet, do we have access to all human scientific knowledge so far [closed]

When I say The Internet, i mean all different types of networks be it private, public, governmental etc... all of them. EDIT: by human knowledge I'm not talking about what people had for breakfast or ...
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41 views

Approximately what is the proportion of philosophers who support each of the main responses to scepticism?

There are lots of ways we can respond to the sceptic: the Moorean approach, externalism, contextualism or deny closure. (There maybe other common responses I've forgotten.) Very roughly, what ...
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46 views

Where does meaning fit into the DIKW hierarchy? [closed]

I mean, there's obviously no "M" in the DIKW, so it isn't a point on the spectrum that is discerned by the model. But where would it be placed, if it were to be recognized? I was thinking about this, ...
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68 views

How much is our understanding of Kant's Categorical Framework (published in German in 1781) obscured by translation and basic semantics?

Upon reading about and later researching [1] Kant's famous Categorical Framework, which is included as a key part of his classic Critique of Pure Reason (1781), I am struck by aspects that are quite ...
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243 views

The elusive missing page 57 from Nozick's dissertation

I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. I don't have page 57. I ...
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52 views

Is DNA a database about the environment? The concept of Knowledge applied to bio-data

Living creatures have DNA that basically tell how the organism should be constructed. This DNA evolves in response to the environment by trial and error. For example, a mammal living in cold ...
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109 views

How can we know some characters are not belongs to that language? [closed]

OK, I assume most of the readers here understand only English. From this assumed start point, consider then the follow scenario: If I were to show you two Chinese characters, one pair is correctly ...
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561 views

How can I develop my critical thinking skills?

I am a freshmen engineering student going to college. I want to learn how to think critically and become a critical thinker and a sharp arguer. I am interested in philosophy, because I am curious ...
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5answers
292 views

is science against philosophy? [closed]

I am asking this because I've seen articles, graphics, and quotes of science against philosophy. I believe Hawking have said something about philosophy being killed by science, this article: ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is questioning the execution of knowledge still epistemology or another branch of philosophy?

Suppose I have a question that is concerned not with 'what is knowledge' or 'how we acquire knowledge,' but instead how we are able to implement it, are we still talking about epistemology or about ...
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225 views

What does it mean to have a sense of geometry innate to us - if that is in fact the case?

Most people, if asked whether they know any geometry, will answer no; but most, if not all, can recognise a straight line, a right angle, or a circle; of course they will not be able to define them as ...
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984 views

How to distinguish between 'a priori/posteriori' and 'analytic/synthetic'?

What I think I know A priori knowledge that can be gained by contemplating only the meaning of a statement's words. A posteriori knowledge can be gained only by comparing a statement's meaning with ...
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139 views

What is value of a philosphical argument/theory when a conclusion can never be reached?

I have seen several questions and discussions recently on this forum concerning p-zombies, whether or not what we call consciousness is a tangible entity or merely an illusion or elaborate scheme ...
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101 views

I'm running into this weirdness using the concept of certainty. Why?

I cannot be certain of anything. (Assumption.) I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. By asserting (2), I am certain that I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. I can ...
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148 views

Is modern information technology fundamentally changing the way humans acquire and process knowledge?

It would appear that in the contemporary world, it is hardly necessarily for the individual to 'know' anything. Far more important is the ability to cull knowledge from readily available repositories ...
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6answers
377 views

Do we necessarily birth with innate knowledge?

The way we use to learn things is to associate a concept with something that we already know. I see no other way of learning things, there are books explaining how to memorize a horribly long sequence ...
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1answer
141 views

Why is philosophy the root of Wikipedia? [closed]

Go to any English Wikipedia page. Click the first link (not in brackets, italics or in a box). Repeat n times. Why do you end up at the philosophy page 95% of the time? I expect it has to ...
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177 views

Does languange somehow filter what we can know?

I've read a proposition somewhere: That our languange acts as a filter, allowing us to know certain things while making it impossible to know the rest(1). It seems that mathematics has some things ...
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116 views

What is the main difference between Berkeley and Locke's view of ideas?

I'm currently taking Modern Philosophy at my university, and we went over Berkeley and Locke in a span of ten minutes in order to get to Hume. As far as what they (Berkeley and Locke) thought about ...
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176 views

The coherentist solution to Agrippa’s Trilemma and the possibility of pure/impure justification?

I'm trying to get a grasp on coherentism and what is proposes is the epistemological justification for knowledge. From what I've taken so far, coherentism relies on what is commonly referred to as ...
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151 views

What useful definitions have no direct or indirect reference to reality?

(late edit: I have come to the conclusion that no words (or claims) have 'direct' reference to reality since all words are about people's conception. Words reference particular concepts in people's ...
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217 views

A priori - knowledge that must be independent of experience?

In "Naming and Necessity" Kripke talks a lot about the notion of a priori. At one point (quoted below) he mentions that some philosophers changed the "can" in the definition of a priori knowledge to ...
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175 views

Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal?

There is broad agreement that knowledge is more than just true belief. What, though, must be added to true belief to get knowledge? According to traditional epistemology, two more ingredients are ...
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160 views

Homogeneity and human knowledge

The advances in technology and the unprecedented levels of knowledge-sharing in the last few decades could be extrapolated to suggest that the human race as a whole will eventually converge to perhaps ...
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301 views

What does “is true” mean in the phrase “a philosophical position is true”?

I have run into an online discussion about philosophies and world views (theism, atheism, humanism, nihilism, and all the other "isms") where phrases like "*ism is true" and "*ism is false" are used. ...
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271 views

How could the concept of 'evidence' be defined, and how significant is it?

What is evidence, and how much of it means that a proposition is true? Does a partial / total lack of evidence mean that a proposition should be ignored? Is the concept evidence more important to ...
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186 views

Do we have to know whether earth revolves around the sun or not? How does it effect our day-to-day life? [closed]

Does the revolution of the earth bother us in our day-to-day activities? If yes, how? If not, then why do we teach and study these thing? Isn't it right that we have to study only those things that ...
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102 views

Is complete mutual knowledge possible?

Consider a piece of information. I know it and so do you. Moreover, I know that you know it, and you know that I know it. Further, I know that you know that I know it, you know that I know that you ...
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288 views

Origin of the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved

Does anyone know if the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved has a specific origin? I often hear it and would like to make a reference to it in a term paper I'm writing. Is it from the ...
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1answer
127 views

Can applicable skills be gained through dreaming?

Recently had a dream where I was in a situation I have never been before in "real life" - (no real experience prior to the dream of this situation). After waking, all the feelings, thoughts, ...
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436 views

How can I know that I am not immortal?

You think that you will die just because everyone dies. And you would like to know if you are immortal. How can you know if you are immortal or not?
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314 views

Does knowledge exist outside human consciousness?

Wikipedia defines knowledge as "familiarity with someone or something" and Plato defined knowledge as "justified true belief". Belief and familiarity is something that only a sentient being can have, ...
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204 views

Is there a philosophical term or theory that defines or describes the idea of 'epiphany'?

I am new to the philosophy stack exchange, so please let me know if I need to clarify this question further. I am curious if there is a distinction made in philosophical fields between a typical ...
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43 views

Does “knowledge” imply certainty? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is Knowledge Fallible? My question is about the definition of knowledge as used by philosophers in the area of epistemology. I am wondering if knowledge implies ...
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“That which can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence.” - Christopher Hitchens

In terms of science, this claim has a pretty straightforward answer. Evidence is the base of all scientific claims, and without sufficient evidence any knowledge claim is meaningless. However, what ...
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How can we judge the merits of a basic question? [closed]

So it seems that to make a good question on one topic a person must have some knowledge on it to begin with. The more references you have, higher the chances of making an interesting and constructive ...
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159 views

Is there any literature reference for types of judgement: analytic, synthetic and evaluative?

I am trying to search for literature that describes the various types of judgements people make based on their content. Most of the well-known works like that of Kant talk about two types of ...
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188 views

The preface paradox and the psychology of belief

For those who don't know, the "preface paradox" is an epistemic paradox wherein an author painstakingly researches every single fact he asserts in a new book he's releasing. As a result, he believes ...
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Can something be actually possible yet logically impossible?

By actual possibility I mean the possibility which is implied by ability or power. By logical possibility I mean whether concepts of reality contradict each other or not. I believe that knowledge ...
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297 views

How does the Twin Earth illustration show that “meanings just aren't in the head?”

Hiliary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment goes like this: We begin by supposing that elsewhere in the universe there is a planet exactly like earth in virtually all respects, which we ...
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533 views

How does Robert Nozick explain the Gettier problem?

Nozick agrees that the Gettier counterexamples to the JTB analysis of knowledge are cases where someone has a JTB but does not know. What is his explanation of what has gone wrong in those cases? ...
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To what extent does our knowledge derive from the senses?

By tradition, the problem that dictates where our knowledge is derived divides from two philosophical circles; those who affirm that our knowledge of the world comes from our senses, such as David ...
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250 views

Definabilty and Primitive Notions

Towards the beginning of a course on knowledge (we were reading the beginning of Theaetetus) we discussed definitions and what a definition or rather a good definition is. I'd like to know more about ...
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227 views

Does knowing imply knowing that you know? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Do we know whether we know something? I have come across this idea a few times now that knowing does not imply knowing that you know. However, I am having troubled ...
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What are the “essential/core” texts any student of philosophy should have read?

I'm really interested in Philosophy and want to learn more, so I'd like to read the main bodies of work that have built up the discipline of Philosophy. The reason being that if I read a modern text ...