Tagged Questions

Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

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What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
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3answers
51 views

does Gettier present cases of knowledge that are not cases of justified true belief?

now i know Gettier presents cases of JTB that are not cases of knowledge (e in case I, h in case II). but the other way round? for a proposition p not JTB, we need either p not true or S doesn't ...
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1answer
55 views

Are we spending too much time asking hard to answer questions while we'd be better off asking more productive ones?

I've heard this on several occasions and I think it is true if we're spending too much of our time on them. It might not be true for some people, but then, how do they decide it isn't true for them? ...
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4answers
114 views

Why to know how to multiply numbers does not mean to know the result?

What is the difference between these two situations? A subject thinks she knows somebody's name. However, when asked she cannot recall it immediately. After some efforts, the name is coming and she ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Help me dissect this Wittgenstein quote [closed]

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But I ...
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4answers
128 views

A trivial response to Gettier problems

What problems arise in responding to Gettier problems with an assertion "the formal definition of knowledge, as justified true belief, does not need to exactly correspond to intuitive notions of ...
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2answers
103 views

Is this the most accepted definition of knowledge today?

I found this Euler diagram representing a definition of knowledge problematic. First, propositions should only express beliefs. When there is no belief, there should be no proposition. But the ...
3
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2answers
56 views

What are some examples of “data” in philosophy?

I was trying to figure out what the word "data" means. The dictionary even provides a special entry for philosophy: things known or assumed as facts, making the basis of reasoning or calculation. ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Propositional knowledge vs. Procedural knowledge vs Knowledge by acquaintance

I am looking for a reference which explains the differences between these conceptions of knowledge (and potentially others). Ideally, I prefer an academic paper authored by a respected scholar.
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2answers
43 views

Propositional and Other Forms of Knowledge

Propositional knowledge is often described as knowledge that such-and-such is true. This stands in contrast to other forms of knowledge, such as knowledge how to such-and-such. What term is most ...
3
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2answers
95 views

Can a non-falsifiable belief ever be justified (besides for tautologies)?

Probably thanks to Popper, a scientific theory would never be taken seriously if it wasn't as least in some way falsifiable. Without getting into the nitty-gritty of the many theories of ...
2
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3answers
109 views

How should we understand the oracle's dilemma in making a prediction?

Let's look at a thought experiment: There is an oracle who has exact knowledge of the state of a deterministic universe, so her predictions about the universe's future have always turned out to be ...
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1answer
46 views

“What don't you know?” - A common question

When asked, "What don't you know?", what do, or should you, respond with? As there is no way to tell what you don't know (let's take for example, "x"), how can you say "I don't know X", as you've not ...
6
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4answers
196 views

Is it paradoxical to simultaneously assert that a proposition is true and that the speaker does not know it?

Is it a paradox to assert "1+1=2 is true, but I don't know it"? I just thought of this chestnut myself.
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0answers
29 views

authoritative answers [closed]

With all due respect, why ask a question without knowing the quality of the responder? It may be a waste of time if the responding party has not yet been through a period of transformation so their ...
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1answer
92 views

is knowledge an impediment for seeing things the way they are? is silent observation the true instrument of comprehension? [closed]

when we are in a state of not knowing there is much more sensitivity, choiceless awareness, impartial observation, it seems to me.its knowledge the cloud of belief, conclusions preventing the true ...
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7answers
193 views

What is the purpose of learning?

This is a question I've been thinking about the last week or so, and this question on Meta SF got me itching to ask it somewhere. Oh, look! Philosophy SE! What is the purpose of learning? By ...
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3answers
115 views

Isn't a Gettier case just lack of adequate justification?

As I understand it a Gettier case happens when there is a true belief that is justified but only by luck. Common scenarios include looking at a broken watch and it just happens to be the time on ...
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1answer
101 views

What is the absolute ultimate subject (like math, literature, etc)? [closed]

Seems like all subjects are branches of more general subject. Pretty much all sciences seem to find their roots in physics but physics is just math. There are many branches of math but still all just ...
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1answer
45 views

Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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4answers
163 views

Through The Internet, do we have access to all human scientific knowledge so far [closed]

When I say The Internet, i mean all different types of networks be it private, public, governmental etc... all of them. EDIT: by human knowledge I'm not talking about what people had for breakfast or ...
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2answers
44 views

Approximately what is the proportion of philosophers who support each of the main responses to scepticism?

There are lots of ways we can respond to the sceptic: the Moorean approach, externalism, contextualism or deny closure. (There maybe other common responses I've forgotten.) Very roughly, what ...
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0answers
52 views

Where does meaning fit into the DIKW hierarchy? [closed]

I mean, there's obviously no "M" in the DIKW, so it isn't a point on the spectrum that is discerned by the model. But where would it be placed, if it were to be recognized? I was thinking about this, ...
8
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2answers
135 views

How much is our understanding of Kant's Categorical Framework (published in German in 1781) obscured by translation and basic semantics?

Upon reading about and later researching [1] Kant's famous Categorical Framework, which is included as a key part of his classic Critique of Pure Reason (1781), I am struck by aspects that are quite ...
10
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1answer
264 views

The elusive missing page 57 from Nozick's dissertation

I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. I don't have page 57. I ...
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2answers
53 views

Is DNA a database about the environment? The concept of Knowledge applied to bio-data

Living creatures have DNA that basically tell how the organism should be constructed. This DNA evolves in response to the environment by trial and error. For example, a mammal living in cold ...
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2answers
111 views

How can we know some characters are not belongs to that language? [closed]

OK, I assume most of the readers here understand only English. From this assumed start point, consider then the follow scenario: If I were to show you two Chinese characters, one pair is correctly ...
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7answers
1k views

How can I develop my critical thinking skills?

I am a freshmen engineering student going to college. I want to learn how to think critically and become a critical thinker and a sharp arguer. I am interested in philosophy, because I am curious ...
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5answers
321 views

is science against philosophy? [closed]

I am asking this because I've seen articles, graphics, and quotes of science against philosophy. I believe Hawking have said something about philosophy being killed by science, this article: ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Is questioning the execution of knowledge still epistemology or another branch of philosophy?

Suppose I have a question that is concerned not with 'what is knowledge' or 'how we acquire knowledge,' but instead how we are able to implement it, are we still talking about epistemology or about ...
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5answers
269 views

What does it mean to have a sense of geometry innate to us - if that is in fact the case?

Most people, if asked whether they know any geometry, will answer no; but most, if not all, can recognise a straight line, a right angle, or a circle; of course they will not be able to define them as ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How to distinguish between 'a priori/posteriori' and 'analytic/synthetic'?

What I think I know A priori knowledge that can be gained by contemplating only the meaning of a statement's words. A posteriori knowledge can be gained only by comparing a statement's meaning with ...
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3answers
167 views

What is value of a philosphical argument/theory when a conclusion can never be reached?

I have seen several questions and discussions recently on this forum concerning p-zombies, whether or not what we call consciousness is a tangible entity or merely an illusion or elaborate scheme ...
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2answers
107 views

I'm running into this weirdness using the concept of certainty. Why?

I cannot be certain of anything. (Assumption.) I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. By asserting (2), I am certain that I am not certain that I cannot be certain of anything. I can ...
4
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1answer
180 views

Is modern information technology fundamentally changing the way humans acquire and process knowledge?

It would appear that in the contemporary world, it is hardly necessarily for the individual to 'know' anything. Far more important is the ability to cull knowledge from readily available repositories ...
2
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6answers
445 views

Do we necessarily birth with innate knowledge?

The way we use to learn things is to associate a concept with something that we already know. I see no other way of learning things, there are books explaining how to memorize a horribly long sequence ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Why is philosophy the root of Wikipedia? [closed]

Go to any English Wikipedia page. Click the first link (not in brackets, italics or in a box). Repeat n times. Why do you end up at the philosophy page 95% of the time? I expect it has to ...
9
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4answers
188 views

Does languange somehow filter what we can know?

I've read a proposition somewhere: That our languange acts as a filter, allowing us to know certain things while making it impossible to know the rest(1). It seems that mathematics has some things ...
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0answers
124 views

What is the main difference between Berkeley and Locke's view of ideas?

I'm currently taking Modern Philosophy at my university, and we went over Berkeley and Locke in a span of ten minutes in order to get to Hume. As far as what they (Berkeley and Locke) thought about ...
3
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1answer
228 views

The coherentist solution to Agrippa’s Trilemma and the possibility of pure/impure justification?

I'm trying to get a grasp on coherentism and what is proposes is the epistemological justification for knowledge. From what I've taken so far, coherentism relies on what is commonly referred to as ...
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2answers
186 views

What useful definitions have no direct or indirect reference to reality?

(late edit: I have come to the conclusion that no words (or claims) have 'direct' reference to reality since all words are about people's conception. Words reference particular concepts in people's ...
4
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1answer
264 views

A priori - knowledge that must be independent of experience?

In "Naming and Necessity" Kripke talks a lot about the notion of a priori. At one point (quoted below) he mentions that some philosophers changed the "can" in the definition of a priori knowledge to ...
5
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2answers
194 views

Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal?

There is broad agreement that knowledge is more than just true belief. What, though, must be added to true belief to get knowledge? According to traditional epistemology, two more ingredients are ...
2
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2answers
164 views

Homogeneity and human knowledge

The advances in technology and the unprecedented levels of knowledge-sharing in the last few decades could be extrapolated to suggest that the human race as a whole will eventually converge to perhaps ...
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2answers
373 views

What does “is true” mean in the phrase “a philosophical position is true”?

I have run into an online discussion about philosophies and world views (theism, atheism, humanism, nihilism, and all the other "isms") where phrases like "*ism is true" and "*ism is false" are used. ...
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3answers
358 views

How could the concept of 'evidence' be defined, and how significant is it?

What is evidence, and how much of it means that a proposition is true? Does a partial / total lack of evidence mean that a proposition should be ignored? Is the concept evidence more important to ...
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4answers
209 views

Do we have to know whether earth revolves around the sun or not? How does it effect our day-to-day life? [closed]

Does the revolution of the earth bother us in our day-to-day activities? If yes, how? If not, then why do we teach and study these thing? Isn't it right that we have to study only those things that ...
3
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3answers
104 views

Is complete mutual knowledge possible?

Consider a piece of information. I know it and so do you. Moreover, I know that you know it, and you know that I know it. Further, I know that you know that I know it, you know that I know that you ...
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2answers
389 views

Origin of the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved

Does anyone know if the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved has a specific origin? I often hear it and would like to make a reference to it in a term paper I'm writing. Is it from the ...
3
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1answer
139 views

Can applicable skills be gained through dreaming?

Recently had a dream where I was in a situation I have never been before in "real life" - (no real experience prior to the dream of this situation). After waking, all the feelings, thoughts, ...