Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
68 views

Is “Truth” something like a Dirac Delta Function?

To me, Truth is simply what is the case. It is not a matter of reasoning, and it could not be otherwise. Knowledge is a set of beliefs which accord with reality (what is true). Beliefs can be false. ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is Philosophy “After The Fact” knowledge?

I stopped studying Philosophy when I had a conversation with a professor where he said that there is no way to distinguish knowledge (what is true) from false belief except to see what happens. I ...
0
votes
5answers
74 views

What kind of knowledge can be gathered without testing hypotheses?

Question What is the set of conditions under which a given knowledge can or cannot be acquired without testing (statistics) hypotheses? Thoughts on different fields Below is a list and definitions ...
0
votes
4answers
65 views

Can one pursue knowledge without their own personal perspective?

In my opinion, the pursuit of knowledge is directly linked the the individual pursuing it, and their perspective is crucial in the process. However, would anyone have an argument to why an individual ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

IF knowledge were justified true belief, then would innate knowledge be impossible?

I realize that the JTB theory of knowledge has problems, but IF it were true, then innate knowledge would be impossible, right? This seems to follow from the 'justified' portion of JTB: justification ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?

Kant's position on things-in-themselves is often described Socratically, of them we know only one thing, that they are. However, in an old but apparently still popular history of philosophy book I ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

'God exists and does not deceive us': Why is this necessary for memory of proofs?

Source: p 38, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn Caution: I modified Blackburn's syntax and organisation to ameliorate readability; I added all numbering. ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Suffering, the sacred, and the sublime: what should science make of the third kind of knowledge?

Ryle and Wittgenstein carved out knowledge-how (craft) as irreducible to the traditional propositional knowledge, Ryle gave accepting the irreducibility the scary name of anti-intellectualism. SEP ...
8
votes
1answer
103 views

How did Kant define knowledge?

A recent question about the Plato's formula K=JTB (knowledge is justified true belief) made me curious as to what Kant thought on the matter. In the prefaces and the Introduction to the first Critique ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Was Socrates of the belief that knowledge was attainable after death?

I've begun reading The Phaedo, wherein Socrates argues against the case of suicide. He begins by assuming that since we as men are possessions of the gods, they would be angered were one of their ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

How is knowledge most commonly defined today?

Maybe you will say justified true belief, but some claim that it doesn't account for Gettier's, so: is there a better definition which is becoming more prominent today? Or can the JTB, perhaps with ...
14
votes
2answers
693 views

Are there any philosophers that argued for knowledge having intrinsic value?

Many (if not most) philosophers agree that knowledge has value. However, does it have intrinsic value, or is its value purely in its ability to affect things outside of the realm of knowledge? Are ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Relationship between intelligence, thinking and knowledge [closed]

A quick google search defines intelligence as "the ability to acquire and apply knowledge" and thinking as "the process of considering or reasoning about something" What is the relationship between ...
6
votes
2answers
71 views

Why does Russell prohibit some judgments based in knowledge by descriptions?

I'm new to philosophy and have picked up Bertrand Russell's 'The Problems of Philosophy'. I have a question relating to the end of the chapter on 'Acquaintance and Description'. Russell states that we ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Do philosophical theories stay independent of scientific discoveries?

I asked a question earlier about how the Genealogy of Morals by Nietzsche had held out in terms how accurate his philosophy was, now that we know more about the emergence of the human animal. The ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

If there is a difference between a priori knowledge and innate knowledge, what is it?

A priori knowledge is knowledge before or despite experience. But as such, does this not either mean or at least entail innate knowledge?
4
votes
3answers
74 views

Definitions of: Fact, Theory, Hypothesis, Evidence and prediction [closed]

Motivations I recently answered to this question on Biology.SE. The question asks: Is evolution a fact? Is it true that human and chimpanzee evolved from ape? In my answer I started with a tiny ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Is this a transcendental philosophical question?

If I ask the question: "Is it possible to define knowledge by proving that there exists something that can't be known?" to which branch of philosophy does this question belong? Is it transcendental ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

What is the current state of the Correspondence Theory of Truth?

Is the Correspondent Theory of Truth currently the most important way of thinking about the nature of truth? What alternatives are important? Is there a version of the Correspondent Theory of Truth ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Relation between an argument and false premise on Knowledge

If I argue something from a premise such as "It's raining where I wrote this question" which is contingent false, then is it true that I could argue or deduct anything? For example, from the premise ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Is there any relation between an Argument and corresponding conditional?

In my philosophy class, where we cover theory of knowledge, I leaned about Gettier problem. Gettier's counterexample to JTB is following: From A has Ford which is justified false belief, B can deduct ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Question on the duality between necessity/knowledge and possibility [closed]

(1) Who first said that necessity and possibility are dual to each other? (2) Who first said that knowledge and possibility are dual to each other?
-1
votes
3answers
265 views

Difference between science knowledge and religious knowledge [closed]

Why would both educated and uneducated people believe that earthquakes are the wrath of God?
6
votes
4answers
160 views

Are there formal theories for grouping different knowledge areas?

What do you know about the boundaries between different bodies of knowledge, e.g. bodies of science. I think it's a common question, e.g. "where's the boundary between mathematics and physics". But ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Views about the composition of processes? (Self reference?)

What are some philosophical theories that analyze the composition of processes (e.g. "I think", "I think that I think", "I regret", "I regret that I regret" etc)? Mathematics allows the composition ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Why do some philosophers argue that we do not know, a priori, that something thinks

The Cartesian argument seems to explicate the fact that I necessarily know that something thinks, and that I necessarily know that something thinks even if I don't checking the world to verify whether ...
4
votes
3answers
141 views

How do we acquire knowledge?

Lately, I have come to the sad realisation that I know virtually nothing. This understanding was only fully realised for me when I looked back on my own education thus far; in spite of having just ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

how to deal with “the unknown unknown” [closed]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GiPe1OiKQuk alot of people make fun of Rumsfeld for the "unknown unknowns", but i'm wondering how a person like him would start to try to get his hands around the ...
3
votes
4answers
160 views

Why are some communication failures regarded as important opinions in philosophy?

As a newbie here (though not on SO or on the net before that) I am surprised at the number of questions about what some philosopher meant. Examples, just picked from the time point of writing this ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Why does western law treat criminal and civil violations so differently [closed]

Example 1, criminal act: You find a set of keys on the ground and use them to obtain access to a nearby xyz, taking it away for your own use. You make no effort to pay for the xyz. Example 2, ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
3
votes
7answers
120 views

Will philosophy ever have a consensus on all the issues?

There seems to be a lot of disagreement of important questions of philosophy. A lot of consensus has been achieved in the history of philosophy, but will there ever be consensus of the entire field ...
3
votes
2answers
394 views

Does everything have a cause/reason?

I was reading on arguments for the existence of God and came across the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) which describes that everything must have a sufficient cause/reason to exist. Looking at ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Is it justified to assess the probability of a claim if the claim is unverifiable or do we have to say the probability is inconclusive?

Suppose there is a claim that outside the observable universe (assuming that there is an outside, other than that we don't know anything about outside) there exists a substance A. Can we conclude that ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Popper, Nietzsche and knowledge

In many works of Karl Popper, he says, quoting Xenophanes, that all human knowledge is only conjectural, that modern science will never produce a true knowledge. The german philosopher, Friedrich ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Aside from logical representations, what are other ways philosophers approach representing knowledge?

Of course different arguments can be neatly spelled out in logical symbols, but logic isn't sufficient for all kinds of knowledge. I know the issue is represented in different ontologies in the ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What is Brandom's notion of implicitness?

Robert Brandom seems to have a very distinct notion of implicitness when he says things like: For while that vocabulary is not itself descriptive vocabulary, its use is implicit in the use of ...
-2
votes
2answers
46 views

Has philosophy progressed since Kant? [closed]

Kant reasoned that we can never know "the thing in itself" since all knowledge is acquired via the apparatuses by which humans perceive, understand, and reason. Hence much of science and "human ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Could 'ought' be defined as sentimentalism?

The traditional definition of ought is "moral obligation" as defined by multiple online dictionaries. Some authors, like Harris, have defined ought as maximizing expected well being (a fancy way of ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

We know substances by means of their accidents?

Where does Aristotle or St. Thomas Aquinas say we know substances by means of their accidents? For example: To know the substance of an apple, I first have to sense its quantity and qualities: shape, ...
7
votes
4answers
397 views

What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

does Gettier present cases of knowledge that are not cases of justified true belief?

now i know Gettier presents cases of JTB that are not cases of knowledge (e in case I, h in case II). but the other way round? for a proposition p not JTB, we need either p not true or S doesn't ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Are we spending too much time asking hard to answer questions while we'd be better off asking more productive ones?

I've heard this on several occasions and I think it is true if we're spending too much of our time on them. It might not be true for some people, but then, how do they decide it isn't true for them? ...
3
votes
4answers
134 views

Why to know how to multiply numbers does not mean to know the result?

What is the difference between these two situations? A subject thinks she knows somebody's name. However, when asked she cannot recall it immediately. After some efforts, the name is coming and she ...
2
votes
6answers
222 views

Why is knowing not a mental state?

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But ...
3
votes
5answers
265 views

A trivial response to Gettier problems

What problems arise in responding to Gettier problems with an assertion "the formal definition of knowledge, as justified true belief, does not need to exactly correspond to intuitive notions of ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Is this the most accepted definition of knowledge today?

I found this Euler diagram representing a definition of knowledge problematic. First, propositions should only express beliefs. When there is no belief, there should be no proposition. But the ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

What are some examples of “data” in philosophy?

I was trying to figure out what the word "data" means. The dictionary even provides a special entry for philosophy: things known or assumed as facts, making the basis of reasoning or calculation. ...
2
votes
3answers
357 views

Propositional knowledge vs. Procedural knowledge vs Knowledge by acquaintance

I am looking for a reference which explains the differences between these conceptions of knowledge (and potentially others). Ideally, I prefer an academic paper authored by a respected scholar.
5
votes
4answers
101 views

Propositional and Other Forms of Knowledge

Propositional knowledge is often described as knowledge that such-and-such is true. This stands in contrast to other forms of knowledge, such as knowledge how to such-and-such. What term is most ...