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18 views

when we express in words can it be anything else but an opinion based on learning and experience? [on hold]

When we think and later express in works can it be anything else but an opinion, a summary of perceived learning and experience? Facts? There are more disproved facts in science than accepted ones. ...
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1answer
28 views

How to learn more about statements such as 'not without = only with'? Is this logic? [on hold]

(For this ELL question), I only realised my main problem after user 'Araucaria' identified it: If we use not without in a sentence, it has the same meaning as only with or only by. Yet I never ...
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1answer
18 views

Is 'Almost everyone' both a guarding term and assuring term here? [closed]

Source: Lecture 2-5 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is from a question that pops up during the video at the 5 min 28 seconds juncture. ...
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2answers
45 views

When writing, why would a conclusion precede a premise? [closed]

Source: Lecture 2-2 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. [At the 0 min 11 secs juncture:] The actual word order doesn't always tell us the order of ...
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1answer
72 views

Reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in german or english

Does learning German and reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German add clarity or insight, or is reading the English translation sufice? In other words, does reading in the original German ...
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1answer
21 views

Philippe Van Haute on the absence and presence of the « ne explétif »?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Philippe Van Haute claims that the occurrence of the ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] makes for the difference between, ...
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2answers
57 views

Meaning of 'per se': 'the literal meaning of the sentence per se' [closed]

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Bruce Fink helpfully compares the French ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] to certain employments of the English word ...
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0answers
20 views

Lacan's distingushing 'between the two sides of the subject of the signifier'?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD By contrast, [Jacques] Lacan, having carefully distinguished between the two sides of the subject of the signifier (i.e., ...
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0answers
16 views

Meaning of this excerpt on ' distinction between “designating” and “signifying” '?

Source: p 248, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD What does Lacan have in mind with this distinction between "designating" and "signifying"? As is well known, during this period ...
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1answer
41 views

Should the successful philosopher (one who 'does' philosophy) be concerned with having a good reputation, not with being virtuous (correct)? [closed]

Too often people are concerned with their reputation at the expense of intrinsic good--virtue. Virtue and its relation to happiness should be recognized first, even if it means damage to one's ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Is the line between use and mention always defined?

Consider the sentence "I like Heroin", meaning that you enjoy the famous song by the Velvet Underground. Is the expression in italics used or mentioned? To me it seems that it's a use, but a weird ...
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0answers
19 views

Could/has technology somehow make/made communication more primal? [closed]

This question already seems out of place for this forum - to me anyway - by the looks of the other questions. My idea is based on paper thin logic, so if anyone can make me feel like a moron, feel ...
3
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2answers
134 views

What does “non-philosophy” mean in the works of Laruelle (and scholars of Laruelle)?

From just the Wikipedia article and a few stray references here and there, I don't understand what Laruelle's "non-philosophy" is and how it can by aptly be described by its title. The link above ...
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3answers
598 views

If “the limits of my language are the limits of my world”, then how can it be that “what can be shown, cannot be said.”

I'm trying to understand Wittgenstein, but two of his most oft quoted statements seem to me to be implying contradicting things. I understand that later Wittgenstein did refute a lot of his earlier ...
3
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1answer
89 views

What is the relation between the material conditional in logic and conditionals that we use every day?

The material conditional has a truth-value of T in every case except where the antecedent proposition is true and the consequent is false. However, this means that many conditionals are true (if only ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Current philosophy of language

I wanted to know what are the current status of philosophy of language. What is valid today? What philosophers are accepting? For example, during the beginning of the XX centry, we have Frege's views ...
2
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1answer
118 views

When translating universal affirmatives should we use implication or conjunction?

Sometimes, when translating a sentence like "All dogs are animals", I often see it represented like this: (∀x)(Px ⊃ Qx) However, I feel like the following is also a good translation: (∀x)(Px ∧ Qx) ...
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2answers
69 views

Dennett's view on the effect language has on the mind/brain

Several years ago, while studying philosophy, I recall reading in numerous sources that Dennett believed (or was interpreted as believing - by either Clark or Churchland [or Fodor?]) that it was ...
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5answers
147 views

Learning a language from a dictionary

There's a nice question I thought about, and I'd like to know more about it. I would assume it has been discussed many times, but I'm not sure what its called so I'm having trouble finding any texts ...
0
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1answer
217 views

Is it opposite-day today?

Imagine, we had a very well-known day called opposite day, where everything is negated. Also imagine that you are walking along the street and someone asks you: "Is it opposite-day today?" What ...
3
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1answer
137 views

How to teach meta level discussion about controversial topics

I had a very heated discussion lately about a video of a Rap Battle. Of course, in such a battle the language is extremely rude. I am talking about the lowest, harshest and most discriminatingly evil ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Does gender theory explain gender in linguistics?

Considering that one of the roots of Gender theory lies in linguistics via Derrida through deconstruction and subversion; and that Man as a subject not only thinks but also speaks (and possibly spoke ...
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2answers
76 views

Rigorous resources on the philosophy of language

I would like to find some introductory resources on the philosophy of language that are also rigorous, as I come from a mathematical background with my interests rooted in mathematical logic. Ideally ...
3
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4answers
785 views

What is the opposite of “x” and why are “opposites” always in the same category?

Since I was a little kid I wondered about what people call opposites. If you ask someone "what is the opposite of white", they usually answer "black", but that's not the opposite, it is just another ...
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2answers
113 views

How can we know some characters are not belongs to that language? [closed]

OK, I assume most of the readers here understand only English. From this assumed start point, consider then the follow scenario: If I were to show you two Chinese characters, one pair is correctly ...
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5answers
5k views

Asking a genie for more wishes

I just saw this SMBC comic. The second picture looked really promising, but as far as I see it, this attorney screwed up. With his second wish it doesn't matter whether you say wish or splork, so ...
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4answers
463 views

Can every proposition be written in a subject-verb form?

Is there a proposition, or more concretely some fact about the world, that cannot be written in a subject-verb (or subject-predicate) form? I was wondering if this is a fundamental limitation of our ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Is the usage of “more” or “less” only plausible when there's a quantitative method for it?

I am a student of mathematics, that afirmation of the question I propose seems plausible to me. But I remember that some days ago, I was talking to a friend and he said that such terms are not exactly ...
4
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0answers
105 views

Are all languages related? [closed]

This question was prompted by this newspaper article saying: Languages spoken by billions of people across Europe and Asia are descended from an ancient tongue uttered in southern Europe at the ...
1
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1answer
243 views

A simple paradox of True or False [duplicate]

In a piece of paper, it was written: The statement written in the paper is false. Is that statement actually true or false?
10
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4answers
198 views

Does languange somehow filter what we can know?

I've read a proposition somewhere: That our languange acts as a filter, allowing us to know certain things while making it impossible to know the rest(1). It seems that mathematics has some things ...
-1
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1answer
71 views

Does Chomsky make a good point by promoting anarchy while undermining college education?

I didn't read this in a book by Noam Chomsky but in an interview of his where he talks about being an anarchist and not mentioning anarchy when talking to an anarchist kind of thing but mentions ...
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2answers
255 views

Can any one experience the World without a language? if yes to what extent, if no, why not?

By listening, speaking, seeing and reflecting on words made by the alphabets of a language - one experiences the World. How far is this correct? Can any one experience the World without a language? if ...
3
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3answers
230 views

Is meaning distinct from language?

Many theories of speech describe speech acts as being phenomena with both a sign and signified aspect. ( http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/meaning/ etc.) In another perspective, which is exemplified ...