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2
votes
1answer
56 views

When translating universal affirmatives should we use implication or conjunction?

Sometimes, when translating a sentence like "All dogs are animals", I often see it represented like this: (∀x)(Px ⊃ Qx) However, I feel like the following is also a good translation: (∀x)(Px ∧ Qx) ...
4
votes
2answers
51 views

Dennett's view on the effect language has on the mind/brain

Several years ago, while studying philosophy, I recall reading in numerous sources that Dennett believed (or was interpreted as believing - by either Clark or Churchland [or Fodor?]) that it was ...
5
votes
5answers
131 views

Learning a language from a dictionary

There's a nice question I thought about, and I'd like to know more about it. I would assume it has been discussed many times, but I'm not sure what its called so I'm having trouble finding any texts ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Is it opposite-day today?

Imagine, we had a very well-known day called opposite day, where everything is negated. Also imagine that you are walking along the street and someone asks you: "Is it opposite-day today?" What ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

How to teach meta level discussion about controversial topics

I had a very heated discussion lately about a video of a Rap Battle. Of course, in such a battle the language is extremely rude. I am talking about the lowest, harshest and most discriminatingly evil ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Does gender theory explain gender in linguistics?

Considering that one of the roots of Gender theory lies in linguistics via Derrida through deconstruction and subversion; and that Man as a subject not only thinks but also speaks (and possibly spoke ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Rigorous resources on the philosophy of language

I would like to find some introductory resources on the philosophy of language that are also rigorous, as I come from a mathematical background with my interests rooted in mathematical logic. Ideally ...
3
votes
4answers
206 views

What is the opposite of “x” and why are “opposites” always in the same category?

Since I was a little kid I wondered about what people call opposites. If you ask someone "what is the opposite of white", they usually answer "black", but that's not the opposite, it is just another ...
-2
votes
2answers
109 views

How can we know some characters are not belongs to that language? [closed]

OK, I assume most of the readers here understand only English. From this assumed start point, consider then the follow scenario: If I were to show you two Chinese characters, one pair is correctly ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Asking a genie for more wishes

I just saw this SMBC comic. The second picture looked really promising, but as far as I see it, this attorney screwed up. With his second wish it doesn't matter whether you say wish or splork, so ...
4
votes
4answers
319 views

Can every proposition be written in a subject-verb form?

Is there a proposition, or more concretely some fact about the world, that cannot be written in a subject-verb (or subject-predicate) form? I was wondering if this is a fundamental limitation of our ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Is the usage of “more” or “less” only plausible when there's a quantitative method for it?

I am a student of mathematics, that afirmation of the question I propose seems plausible to me. But I remember that some days ago, I was talking to a friend and he said that such terms are not exactly ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

Are all languages related? [closed]

This question was prompted by this newspaper article saying: Languages spoken by billions of people across Europe and Asia are descended from an ancient tongue uttered in southern Europe at the ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

A simple paradox of True or False [duplicate]

In a piece of paper, it was written: The statement written in the paper is false. Is that statement actually true or false?
9
votes
4answers
177 views

Does languange somehow filter what we can know?

I've read a proposition somewhere: That our languange acts as a filter, allowing us to know certain things while making it impossible to know the rest(1). It seems that mathematics has some things ...
-2
votes
1answer
62 views

Does Chomsky make a good point by promoting anarchy while undermining college education?

I didn't read this in a book by Noam Chomsky but in an interview of his where he talks about being an anarchist and not mentioning anarchy when talking to an anarchist kind of thing but mentions ...
-1
votes
2answers
206 views

Can any one experience the World without a language? if yes to what extent, if no, why not?

By listening, speaking, seeing and reflecting on words made by the alphabets of a language - one experiences the World. How far is this correct? Can any one experience the World without a language? if ...
3
votes
3answers
214 views

Is meaning distinct from language?

Many theories of speech describe speech acts as being phenomena with both a sign and signified aspect. ( http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/meaning/ etc.) In another perspective, which is exemplified ...