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Truth Value of Sentences Containing Logical Contradictions

Do propositions containing logical contradictions have truth values, or are they meaningless? For example: A) Some married bachelors exist. B) 95% of married bachelors live in Maryland. C) ...
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0answers
26 views

Nominalist views and contradictions

Given a flavor of nominalism which denies that simple sentences and existential quantifiers referring to mathematical objects are literally true (pretense theory, fictionalism, figuralism, etc.), ...
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1answer
75 views

Did Wittgenstein consider the possibility of a language that was token-private?

Wittgenstein criticized the idea that there could be a meaningful language that was only known in principle by one person. His insights have often been used to disregard the idea of private mental ...
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5answers
107 views

Why are implications with false antecedents considered true?

I don't understand what conceptual sense this scenario makes, or what the motivation behind the decision to make implications with a false antecedent true was. Can anyone help me understand this? ...
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1answer
50 views

The Death of Language - what does it mean?

I see this concept or idea mentioned in few essays. Afaiu - the end of language - the limit of language - death of meaning - .... But what does it mean - abstractly and/or practically?
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1answer
59 views

Could there be such a thing as a universal logical language?

That is, are there certain conceptual primitives, such as object, action, structure, property, logic, event, quantity, partial, paradox, system, concept, etc, or connectives/judgements, such as for ...
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1answer
60 views

Why does a formal language not need to specify time interval to be interpreted? [closed]

I am reading a book about history of mathematics, and it inspired to think about that formal languages do not need to specify time to transfer a message. I am thinking about DNA as a formal language, ...
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1answer
25 views

Are propositions of sciences to be considered propositions of natural language, in the Tractatus?

Given the following assumptions: 1) When Wittgenstein speaks about meaningful propositions he does refer to propositions of natural sciences. 2) About the problem of the perfection of language, he ...
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1answer
79 views

can a vague sentence be considered meaningful in the Tractatus?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein draws a demarcation among meaningful sentences (1), the meaningless propositions of logic (2: sinnlos sätze) and nonsensical propositions (3: unsinnig sätze). 1) ...
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1answer
80 views

How Russell and Ramsey misunderstood Wittgenstein with regard to the problem of the perfection of language?

In the Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus there is a tension between the aim of achieving a language perfectly ordered, with regard to natural language, and the evidence that the latter is not really ...
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24 views

Soudness of an argument in natural language

Philosophers and participants on this boards love to talk about arguments and a few of them love to talk about soundness of arguments [like here What are some criticisms of Epicurus' "death ...
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2answers
85 views

What sort of philosophical idea is characterized by the proposition that “language is software”?

I remember someone saying that language is the software to the hardware of our brains. Something to that effect. Does anyone know who that was?
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6answers
157 views

Is it possible to communicate the ineffable?

If one has an ineffable experience or, more simply, an epiphany related to the ineffable dimension, can he communicate it to other people in principle (that is, through a communication that exists on ...
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2answers
99 views

Why private language is an incoherent idea?

The fact that I have no problem imagining a private language probably implies that I don't understand the notion of private language. My understanding is private language is a language understandable ...
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3answers
114 views

Self-describing language

Lately I saw a video about the messages that have been written into satellites that go into deep space. Most of them are based in mathematical constructs, assuming that math is a universal language, ...
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4answers
98 views

Do you need to learn the old dialects in which older philosophy is written?

(TL;DR) Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read philosophy written in only ED, and not in languages which must be learned from scratch; but I fail to ...
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2answers
93 views

Examples of non formal languages [closed]

I recently began looking at languages from a mathematical perspective. From a mathematical perspective a formal language is the widest definition of a language I have found. However, there is a ...
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3answers
231 views

Is there a point to arguing about the meaning of words?

Firstly, I should mention that I am not sure, whether this the right place to ask such a question, but I am trying it anyway. Furthermore, one could say I come from a mathematics background and I am ...
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1answer
58 views

How can I tell when a term is a rigid designator?

Basically the title question: How can I tell if a term is a rigid designator? So far all I have is that proper names are (or can be, since there is a difference between "being named Barack Obama" ...
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3answers
235 views

Is there an idea of linguistic realism similar to moral realism?

The better way to phrase it is: "Are there objective truths about language?" -- this question is parallel to the question of moral realism: "Are there objective moral truths"? One way to interpret ...
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Could a programming language be considered as a language? [closed]

This question might seem like it answers itself, but I urge you to consider the possibilities and the impact this could have on society. As a systems engineer, programming is more common to me than ...
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1answer
51 views

On act of asking

Consider the situation below: A boy asked his mom for a chocolate cake. His mom, however, gave him a lemon cake instead even though she had the chocolate cake. The boy enjoyed the lemon cake so much ...
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1answer
66 views

Why is most modal logic about necessity vs possibility rather than permission or wishes?

It seems to me that the notions of modal logic are all shaped primarily by one modal, 'can/must' (konnen/mussen). Has anyone looked at all deeply at how this convention compares with the other common ...
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3answers
148 views

Does Math, or analogically Language really have any impact on our “Thoughts”?

Here I see many say, language has an important impact on our thoughts. But according to this question, Foucault in the preface to The Order of Things wrote how he 'laughed out loud' when he ...
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3answers
85 views

If A says/claims that B is a fact, questioning B is also questioning A implicitly?

The definition I take of questioning is: "To cast doubt on the statements made by someone. e.g. Question the veracity of a story". For example, if the organization named A claims that B is a fact, if ...
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1answer
24 views

when we express in words can it be anything else but an opinion based on learning and experience? [closed]

When we think and later express in works can it be anything else but an opinion, a summary of perceived learning and experience? Facts? There are more disproved facts in science than accepted ones. ...
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1answer
44 views

How to learn more about statements such as 'not without = only with'? Is this logic? [closed]

(For this ELL question), I only realised my main problem after user 'Araucaria' identified it: If we use not without in a sentence, it has the same meaning as only with or only by. Yet I never ...
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1answer
100 views

Is 'Almost everyone' both a guarding term and assuring term here? [closed]

Source: Lecture 2-5 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. The following is from a question that pops up during the video at the 5 min 28 seconds juncture. ...
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2answers
65 views

When writing, why would a conclusion precede a premise? [closed]

Source: Lecture 2-2 (transcription), ... How to Reason and Argue, by Prof W Sinnott-Armstrong. [At the 0 min 11 secs juncture:] The actual word order doesn't always tell us the order of ...
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5answers
575 views

Reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in german or english

Does learning German and reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German add clarity or insight, or is reading the English translation sufice? In other words, does reading in the original German ...
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1answer
31 views

Philippe Van Haute on the absence and presence of the « ne explétif »?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Philippe Van Haute claims that the occurrence of the ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] makes for the difference between, ...
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2answers
150 views

Meaning of 'per se': 'the literal meaning of the sentence per se' [closed]

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD Bruce Fink helpfully compares the French ne explétif [hereafter abbreviated as NE] to certain employments of the English word ...
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0answers
28 views

Lacan's distingushing 'between the two sides of the subject of the signifier'?

Source: p 249, Zizek's Ontology ..., by Prof Adrian Johnston BA PhD By contrast, [Jacques] Lacan, having carefully distinguished between the two sides of the subject of the signifier (i.e., ...
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1answer
50 views

Should the successful philosopher (one who 'does' philosophy) be concerned with having a good reputation, not with being virtuous (correct)? [closed]

Too often people are concerned with their reputation at the expense of intrinsic good--virtue. Virtue and its relation to happiness should be recognized first, even if it means damage to one's ...
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0answers
24 views

Could/has technology somehow make/made communication more primal? [closed]

This question already seems out of place for this forum - to me anyway - by the looks of the other questions. My idea is based on paper thin logic, so if anyone can make me feel like a moron, feel ...
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2answers
253 views

What does “non-philosophy” mean in the works of Laruelle (and scholars of Laruelle)?

From just the Wikipedia article and a few stray references here and there, I don't understand what Laruelle's "non-philosophy" is and how it can by aptly be described by its title. The link above ...
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3answers
2k views

If “the limits of my language are the limits of my world”, then how can it be that “what can be shown, cannot be said”?

I'm trying to understand Wittgenstein, but two of his most oft quoted statements seem to me to be implying contradicting things. I understand that later Wittgenstein did refute a lot of his earlier ...
3
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1answer
277 views

What is the relation between the material conditional in logic and conditionals that we use every day?

The material conditional has a truth-value of T in every case except where the antecedent proposition is true and the consequent is false. However, this means that many conditionals are true (if only ...
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1answer
161 views

Current philosophy of language

I wanted to know what are the current status of philosophy of language. What is valid today? What philosophers are accepting? For example, during the beginning of the XX centry, we have Frege's views ...
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1answer
144 views

When translating universal affirmatives should we use implication or conjunction?

Sometimes, when translating a sentence like "All dogs are animals", I often see it represented like this: (∀x)(Px ⊃ Qx) However, I feel like the following is also a good translation: (∀x)(Px ∧ Qx) ...
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2answers
98 views

Dennett's view on the effect language has on the mind/brain

Several years ago, while studying philosophy, I recall reading in numerous sources that Dennett believed (or was interpreted as believing - by either Clark or Churchland [or Fodor?]) that it was ...
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5answers
206 views

Can a language be learned from a dictionary?

There's a nice question I thought about, and I'd like to know more about it. I would assume it has been discussed many times, but I'm not sure what its called so I'm having trouble finding any texts ...
0
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1answer
288 views

Is it opposite-day today?

Imagine, we had a very well-known day called opposite day, where everything is negated. Also imagine that you are walking along the street and someone asks you: "Is it opposite-day today?" What ...
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1answer
155 views

How to teach meta level discussion about controversial topics

I had a very heated discussion lately about a video of a Rap Battle. Of course, in such a battle the language is extremely rude. I am talking about the lowest, harshest and most discriminatingly evil ...
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1answer
47 views

Does gender theory explain gender in linguistics?

Considering that one of the roots of Gender theory lies in linguistics via Derrida through deconstruction and subversion; and that Man as a subject not only thinks but also speaks (and possibly spoke ...
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2answers
95 views

Rigorous resources on the philosophy of language

I would like to find some introductory resources on the philosophy of language that are also rigorous, as I come from a mathematical background with my interests rooted in mathematical logic. Ideally ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the opposite of “x” and why are “opposites” always in the same category?

Since I was a little kid I wondered about what people call opposites. If you ask someone "what is the opposite of white", they usually answer "black", but that's not the opposite, it is just another ...
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2answers
119 views

How can we know some characters are not belongs to that language? [closed]

OK, I assume most of the readers here understand only English. From this assumed start point, consider then the follow scenario: If I were to show you two Chinese characters, one pair is correctly ...
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5answers
7k views

Asking a genie for more wishes [closed]

I just saw this SMBC comic. The second picture looked really promising, but as far as I see it, this attorney screwed up. With his second wish it doesn't matter whether you say wish or splork, so ...
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4answers
630 views

Can every proposition be written in a subject-verb form?

Is there a proposition, or more concretely some fact about the world, that cannot be written in a subject-verb (or subject-predicate) form? I was wondering if this is a fundamental limitation of our ...