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9
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3answers
302 views

How can one refute John Searle's “syntax is not semantics” argument against strong AI?

There are many refutations of John Searle's Chinese Room argument against Strong AI. But they seem to be addressing the structure of the thought experiment itself, as opposed to the underlying ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What responses have made to Kripke's criticism of the descriptivist theory of meaning?

Under the influence of Kripke's acute analysis, there has been a growing trend of modern essentialism, or in other words, the assertion that there are 'essential' descriptors (rigid designators) that ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Lacan seems to invert 'metaphor' and 'metonymy': why?

This good site claims Metonymy thus concerns the ways in which signifiers can be combined / linked in a single signifying chain ("horizontal" relations), whereas metaphor concerns the ways in ...
6
votes
1answer
43 views

Doubt about the relationships in the Semantic Triangle

I was reading the wiki on The Semantic TriangleWikipedia, but it is not as good, so I have few doubts: As I read on many places an example for the vertices could be (I may have written ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

Was indeterminacy of linguistic meaning, as understood by Quine, anticipated by the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition?

Quine held that the meaning of words was indeterminate. The reasons he holds this view all seem to have in common a certain aspect; the indeterminacy that occurs occurs within what might be called ...
6
votes
4answers
233 views

Could philosophy be top-down?

Could it be that, in the way that mathematics is based on set theory (at least the standard one) or another framework and is built bottom-up from that, philosophy starts from relationships between ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Why do obscenities worldwide focus on mothers and, sometimes, sisters? [closed]

The most popular swear-words worldwide have references to sexual acts or sexual parts of mothers and sisters. What is the psychology behind that? If the intention is to rile the man or woman on the ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

What is the difference between language of thought is innate(known as mentalese) and natural 'learned' language?

Language of thought theories generally fall into two categories. The first one is accept the innate, known as mentalese and the second one is which don't accept the innate, but the language of thought ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

How do we understand Jerry Fodor's representational theory of mind (RTM)?

Representational theory of mind (RTM). Hypothesis that mental processes defined over the syntax of mental representations. The later is the hypothesis that propositional attitudes are relations ...
5
votes
2answers
501 views

Does Noam Chomsky reject Darwinian evolution?

Hilary Putnam claims on his blog that: I am well aware that both Chomsky and Fodor reject Darwinian evolution. Is his claim that Noam Chomsky rejects Darwinian evolution true, and if so, on ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Fodor's language of thought

Fodor developed his idea of language of thought (representational account of propositional attitudes) from Brentano's ideas of intentionality. At the same time Daniel Dennett criticised the Fodor's ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Name of Formal Fallacy? Probability does not entail Certainty

Question 1: What is the name of the Formal Fallacy wherein a Deductive Conclusion is arrived at via the course of an Inductive Argument--which reduces the certainty of its own conclusion? ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Do linguists call human language “natural”? [closed]

From a recent question (Could a programming language be considered as a language?), it came to me the impression that there may be some confusion about the terminology professional linguists use, when ...
0
votes
3answers
125 views

What are the propositions?

I've asked before as to what propositions count as meaningful, and, as some commentators and responders helpfully pointed out, 'meaning' and 'propositions' appear to be identical entities in the ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

What is meaningful?

Which propositions are considered meaningful and on what grounds? In other words, when is it correct to predicate 'meaningfulness' of the propositions?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

On act of asking

Consider the situation below: A boy asked his mom for a chocolate cake. His mom, however, gave him a lemon cake instead even though she had the chocolate cake. The boy enjoyed the lemon cake so much ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Do sentences that are “selection violations” have truth values?

Given a grammatical sentence like "Colorless green grass sleeps furiously" is it possible to assign a truth value to it?
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Current philosophy of language

I wanted to know what are the current status of philosophy of language. What is valid today? What philosophers are accepting? For example, during the beginning of the XX centry, we have Frege's views ...
11
votes
7answers
3k views

How can I develop my critical thinking skills?

I am a freshman engineering student going to college. I want to learn how to think critically and to become a critical thinker and a sharp arguer. I am interested in philosophy, because I am curious ...
6
votes
3answers
278 views

Can the oldest man in the world die?

In the news, I read "Recently, the oldest man in the world died." I know the intended meaning of the above sentence, but language wise it might be kind of a stretch. Is this a sentence where the ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

Are all languages related? [closed]

This question was prompted by this newspaper article saying: Languages spoken by billions of people across Europe and Asia are descended from an ancient tongue uttered in southern Europe at the ...
10
votes
1answer
211 views

How does language alter our experience of the world?

I was thinking — if we didn't have words our experiences would be different somehow. It seems to me that perhaps words are limiting our experiences because as soon as we relate an experience to a word ...
5
votes
2answers
154 views

How do we know that grammar is a thing?

I mean, is there a thought experiment that shows its ontological validity? Could it concievably, based on the data that we have, be merely an epiphenomenon of syntax and semantics?
3
votes
2answers
269 views

Is uttering a true statement and by that making it false considered lying?

Let's say my friend has a fly on her head, but she does not know it. I say to her: "You don't know that you have a fly on your head". Right before I uttered my statement - it was true, but right after ...
11
votes
3answers
562 views

Why would Wittgenstein say we can't have a perfect language?

I have been reading Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations and my question is how does he come to realize that we can't have a perfect language. For instance I would say math is a perfect ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

What came first, language or consciousness?

What came first, language or consciousness? Has any philosopher said that language gives us consciousness by allowing us to communicate with ourselves and therefore giving us choices that we did ...
18
votes
9answers
409 views

Is the truth a privative?

A privative is the absence of something, and as such doesn't exist. So cold is a privative, as it is merely the absence of heat. This question is inspired by this answer about a single noun for an ...