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66 views

Has Marxism been defeated as philosophy?

"For understandable, if philosophically frivolous, reasons the collapse of the Soviet Union has been taken--especially in the media as signaling the defeat of Marxism qua philosophy", so writes Leiter ...
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1answer
56 views

The Fetishism To Commodities “In History” — When did it really happen?

I restarted reading the non-main stream economics' groups, that is to say, as you may well easily guess Marxian stream. Since the age of 20, when I read their works, the focal point has not changed ...
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4answers
94 views

Is there any philosopher who “dug” deep enough into the role of book-keeping in certain social condition(s)?

To me, book keeping implies more than many might think, since if and only if everything is settled precisely, which means, no surplus value, nor difference between the movement of the price of the ...
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5answers
209 views

Why does Marxism equate to Communism?

As I understand it, Karl Marx was anticaptitalism, but is that such a bad thing? I have not read the Communist Manifesto. I have read a brief summary of his ideas which translated to finding meaning ...
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63 views

Why did Marx study philosophy [closed]

In October 1835 at the age of 17, Marx travelled to the University of Bonn wishing to study philosophy and literature Was he already part of the worker's movement at this point, and either way ...
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3answers
117 views

The circulation of goods

In the body there is the circulation of blood, it goes in one direction only. Now consider the circulation of goods in a barter economy; goods move by exchange. Hence we can identify always two ...
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3answers
165 views

Karl Marx's vision “in the end”

I read most of his works ( including Engels' ), and after all the considerations, I concluded he is not a "communist" at all, but rather, a "hyper-capitalist" who had overvalued the "advancement of ...
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2answers
67 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
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1answer
77 views

Is the gender divide a class divide?

Simone Weil wrote in Gravity & Grace: Up to now, history has only shown us societies divided up into classes, except for altogether primitive societies in which no differentiation has yet ...
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0answers
112 views

The Übermensch and the working class

I was wondering if the working class coming to consciousness of itself shares anything with the Übermensch, in character. I have seen many words on what that character is, but how does it relate to ...
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3answers
2k views

Who is the Big Other, and is there a little Other?

Zizek often draws on Lacan term the Big Other; what is this and what does it mean? One supposes that there may also then be a little other - is this right? What would be sensible examples of either ...
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3answers
100 views

Who owns the means of production?

Labour is Marxs term for those who do not own the means of production and thus rely on their own labour - ie they are wage earners. What is his term for those who do own the means of production? Its ...
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2answers
168 views

How does Marxist Economics account for taxation?

In Marxs theory of Capital, he suggests that the origin of profit (in a factory) is surplus labour. (A factory may as well be a company, a record label or a health-care unit). The government by ...
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3answers
104 views

Is a work ethic, ethical?

Having a work ethic means being disciplined and hard-working amongst other things. But I'm hard-pressed to see this as being part of the notion of ethics in the usual or philosophical sense. Who ...
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2answers
188 views

Is Marx's model of capitalist society no longer valid?

Given the evolution of the capitalistic society, to what degree is Marx's model of capitalist society no longer valid nowadays ? Are there any authors which discuss the contemporary validity of ...
2
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0answers
65 views

Mass surveillance and the concealed subject of power

In Spivaks essay, can the Subaltern speak, she states that: [the] contemporary invocations of the libidinal economy and desire as the determining interest, combined with practical politics of the ...
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1answer
526 views

What is the difference between 'hegemony' and 'interpellation' in Marxism?

I thought that hegemony explains how one class exerts influence over another, and interpellation explains how one class allows the other class to exert influence over them. But then the two seem so ...
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1answer
102 views

Identifying base/superstructure using Marxist theories in Coriolanus?

How does the base/superstructure and ideology or hegemony work in the play Coriolanus by Shakespeare? I mean what is the base and the superstructure? I know that the superstructure is basically the ...
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1answer
379 views

Is the Body without Organs a phase space? Or an image of the actual body?

Reading Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus, I am unclear on the nature of the Body without Organs. Most literature seems to describe this body as a phase space in the mathematical sense of the term, ...
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1answer
108 views

'Production' as a quality in the Anti-Oedipus

I am beginning reading Anti-Oedipus and am trying to understand the synthesis of two notions D+G discuss in the first section on Desiring Machines: The quasi-metaphysical conception of everything as ...
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2answers
248 views

Whats the difference between fixed and constant capital?

Rosa Luxembourg in The Accumulation of Capital describes & investigates the constant and fixed capital of Marx & Smith respectively. With Marx, she says Constant capital is the value ...
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4answers
130 views

What are the major criticisms of the Labour Theory of Value?

Philosophically speaking it seems that the only & sole determinant of value of goods can only be Labour - through labour of the spirit, mind and hands. This truth is true only when labour is seen ...
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0answers
79 views

Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

This is a test question: State and examine the main features of Dialectical Materialism as enunciated by Hegel. Is it wrong? The reason I ask is because Hegel propagated the concept of ...
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2answers
68 views

Does this count as a critique of Marxs Labour theory of value?

Marxs theory of value uses the input of Labour as determinining Production Value. But what if we can do away with Labour? For example, consider a perfectly automated factory producing mugs. This ...
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1answer
72 views

According to Marx and the Material Theory of History, what is the definition of consciousness?

It's important to note that I'm not referring to class consciousness, or other types of political consciousness. I'm just wondering how he explains the ability of conscious beings to experience ...
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1answer
89 views

Which Analytic philosophers have a positive engagement with Marxism?

I generally associate Marxist thought to be generally associated with the Continental tradition, however one supposes there are philosophers in the Analytic tradition that have critically evaluated ...
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1answer
69 views

As far as Marx was concerned, is all of history predestined, including human actions?

Are humans' minds fully deterministic robots? IINM, Newton would have certainly said so. My question is threefold: How would Newton have answered this? How would Marx have answered this? I'm ...
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2answers
60 views

How is Maoism differentiated from classical Marxism Ideology?

Is this because China hads then a predominantly rural economy so the standar suppositions about the proletariat (and lumpen-proletariat) didn't hold? If this is right how did Mao modify the theory?
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1answer
70 views

How could one summarize Marx's quibble with Hegel over the merit of mysticism?

If I'm not mistaken, this was fairly central to Marx's philosophy, though I've not been able to find any succinct descriptions of it. My interest was piqued by the book "Marx for beginners", in a ...
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1answer
273 views

Weber and Marx - Modern Culture and Dominant Culture

Not sure if this is the right forum, but this seems to be the best fit. IF there is a better forum, please direct me. Marx and Weber are both concerned with the role of "culture" or "idea/ideology" ...
3
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1answer
98 views

Have there been any studies on how Marxist philosophy interacted with Chinese philosophy in China?

The Chinese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai in 1921, and assumed full control of mainland China by 1949. Marxist philosophy, in short, is the Hegelian anti-thesis of Hegelian philosophy. ...
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2answers
477 views

A Marxist Theory of Justice?

I am stuck in a vast amount of papers concerning Marx's view of justice, written in the 70s, 80s and 90s, disputing and contradicting each other. With my current knowledge of Marx, it is sometimes ...
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1answer
132 views

What are the limitations of Hegels Dialectic that Schelling identified?

According to this question: Marx did not need to invert historical idealism because Schelling had already shown the limitations of the dialectic process Hegels dialectic, roughly, is manifested ...
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1answer
230 views

Why do Deleuze and Guattari say the race summoned forth by art or philosophy is bastard & minor one?

What do Deleuze and Guattari mean by the following? For the race summoned forth by art or philosophy is not the one that claims to be pure but rather an oppressed. bastard, lower, anarchical, ...
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1answer
115 views

What is the meaning and substance of Imperial?

In post-colonial and marxist theory one often comes across the word Imperial. What is the meaning of this word? How does it differ from say a monarchy? Are there in fact several kinds of Imperialism? ...
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2answers
228 views

Difference between subject and individual by Marx

I would like to know the difference of the concepts of subject and individual philosophically speaking, I'm studying subjectivity theory in Marx and I have doubts about the difference between these ...
2
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3answers
321 views

Dialectical materialism outside Marxism

Wikipedia page on dialectical materialism mentions that some evolutionary biologists used it in their inquiries. What are other examples of using dialectical materialism outside Marxism? By "outside ...
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1answer
127 views

Why do Deleuze and Guattari turn the Id into an It?

In the opening chapter "Desiring Machines" of Deleuze and Guattari's Anti-Oedipus (the first volume of Capitalism & Schizophrenia) the authors write: It is at work everywhere, functioning ...
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2answers
227 views

Introduction to Hegel for a Marxist

What subset of Hegel should a person know to understand Marxist philosophy? In political alignment i'm a Marxist, and mostly subscribe to social and political positions of the kinds like Slavoj Žižek ...
3
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2answers
155 views

Did positivism influence the development of Marxism?

Positivism (as formulated by Mills & Comte) advocated an epistemology based solely around the 'scientific method'. No doubt due to the stunning successes it had already achieved by then. Marx ...
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1answer
375 views

A good critique of Popper's “The Open Society and Its Enemies”

Can you recommend a good reference to answer the critiques in Popper's "The Open Society and Its Enemies"? I am especially interested in responses to the Marx section of the book.
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1answer
445 views

Why did Heidegger (postmodernism) ignore Schelling's later thought?

F.W.J. Schelling (1775-1854) seems to be a seriously overlooked figure of modern philosophy: is there a good reason (beyond the merely historical) for his diminished relative importance compared, for ...
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1answer
3k views

What does Marxism envision as the role of the state in the economy?

According to Marx, in capitalism, what role does the state play? Is it independent of the economy? Also, does the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie, have anything to do with the state ...