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2
votes
1answer
34 views

Truth is subjectivity

What does Kierkegaard mean when he says " Truth is subjectivity " in his book - Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments. Since "Subjectivity refers to how someone's judgment is ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Is the harm of death meaningful? Does it matter? [on hold]

Can there be a hierarchy to the meaningfulness (by which I mean e.g. coherence) of harms? i.e. is a harm just a harm, or can it be more meaningfully so? Do we need to demonstrate that there is a more ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

How's this version of Kant's Categorical Imperative 'more humanistic'?

Source: You Can Be Stronger - Kant Said So!, by Mark D. White, PhD (University of Cincinnati), BSBA (Ohio Northern University), 2010 Mar 1 - all emphasis mine: The other versions of the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Why was Mill wrong to claim that Kant appealed to consequences?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" Question: Despite Prof Sandel's answer below, I still don't understand why JSM was wrong. Does Kant mean: you can appeal ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

How does 'Is–ought' 'subvert all the vulgar systems of morality' ?

Source:: Hume discusses the problem in book III, part I, section I of his book, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739): ... But as authors do not commonly use this precaution, I shall presume to ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

What's 'hypothetical' about 'hypothetical imperatives'?

At the 39 minute 32 seconds juncture, hypothetical imperatives are introduced by Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE". I also tried p 515 of 692, Philosophy & Ethics ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How does capacity for reason 'exist undifferentiated in all of us'?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 25:35: How many moral laws from Kant’s point ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

About 'a law I give myself', what do 'cause and effect' and 'laws of nature' mean?

Source: Prof Michael Sandel, Justice: ..., Episode 06: "MIND YOUR MOTIVE" In episode 6, Prof Sandel introduces Kant. Ahmady is the querier’s name. 24:31: If acting morally means acting ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

What is there so much of, is his property? (Locke 1690) [closed]

Source: Sec 32, The Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1690, by John Locke As much land as a man tills, plants, improves, cultivates, and can use the product of, so much is his property. He ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How's it true that all mankind 'will but consult reason'? [on hold]

Source: Sec 6, The Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1690, by John Locke The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Why are propositions about Hamlet false while propositions about Louis XIX meaningless?

The following is an excerpt from Russell's "My Philosophical Development," Chapter XIV Universals and Particulars and Names: 'Hamlet' pretends to be a name, but is not; and all statements about ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Saussure and idealism

If terms are arbitrary designations like Saussure says then does semantic idealism [language does not refer beyond itself] not collapse into scepticism?
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Meaning: 'A hallucination is a fact, not an error' and the text around?

Source: On the Nature of Acquaintance: Neutral Monism (1914), by Bertrand Russell Maybe the following quote exemplifies difficult writing that besets me. If so, my angst only worsens; if I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
148 views

If magic is “fake,” why is science real? [closed]

Consider this: I watch a Harry Potter movie when I am a kid (I did) and, as early as kids, of course, older people tend to teach young kids at some point that motion pictures are "fiction" and not to ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Is the line between use and mention always defined?

Consider the sentence "I like Heroin", meaning that you enjoy the famous song by the Velvet Underground. Is the expression in italics used or mentioned? To me it seems that it's a use, but a weird ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
5
votes
7answers
487 views

When is Mathematics not about counting?

A comment on an answer I posted asserted that "Mathematics is NOT always about counting". My thoughts were that if there's a unit (inches / milligrams / light years etc), then someting is being ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

An logical expression and its meaning

I will use an example sentence from Russell, so let W represent the predicate “... authored Waverley “ then (x)(Wx → (y)(Wy → y=x)) would express the same thing as the sentence 'At most one person ...
8
votes
4answers
334 views

Understanding Grice's Theory of (Non-Natural) Meaning

I am trying to understand Paul Grice's famous essay "Meaning". So consider a computer system which is fed a dictionary of every English word in existence. The computer system then randomly spits out ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Difficult sentence

Here is a sentence from philosophical work written by Roderick Chisholm Theory of knowledge. Which i failed to translate and understand. Explain it please in simple words. One property may be ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Consciousness and its relationship to Category Theory [closed]

Since consciousness is implicitly understood/used in the use of categories , could we consider it a "fundamental" functor ? Category Theory is very general (covering/useful) to many fields now ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

What is an “unarticulated background”?

Does a sentence only mean something because it draws on knowledge outside of itself? Take 2 + 2 = 4: is it a tautology? No: it depends on a conception of '+', which is not located within that ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Objectives of humanity? [closed]

Given that there is no evidence for a "purpose" to life, we as humans can choose our own purposes. In deciding on my career, I find it important to consider the aims of humanity as a whole. I have ...
1
vote
4answers
131 views

Can empty universe have any significance?

Let's consider a universe such that: The laws of physics do not allow life or any other consciousness to be formed within it. There's no outside observer of that universe (e.g. God or an ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Albert Camus on the meaning of life?

What is wrong (if anything) with the reasoning in the following quote by Albert Camus, and why? I see many people die because they judge that life is not worth living. I see others ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Term for skepticism about whether a concept is meaningful

What is the term for the philosophical stance that a given concept which people seem to imbue with meaning actually has no meaning, especially if this means it makes no sense to speak of believing in ...
7
votes
6answers
113 views

Should “meaning”, as we experience it, be considered qualia?

By qualia - assume as defined in [wikipedia]:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualia, give or take ( up to you ) By "meaning as we experience it", perhaps I could just say "meaning", but i want to ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Can Frege coherently admit expressions that have a sense but lack a reference?

I am looking here for any sources that respond to the question given: Can Frege coherently admit expressions that have a sense but lack a reference? I am familiar with a lot of the exegetical work ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

*Gödel, Escher, Bach* quote illustrating syntax vs. semantics?

On what page of Hofstadter's Gödel, Escher, Bach (GEB) is the paragraph he quotes which is syntactically correct but almost completely void of any meaning except for a very esoteric group of ...
1
vote
2answers
841 views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

The notion of “equality” [closed]

Here's a quote that I would like to analyze: Euclid's first common notion is this: Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to each other. That's a rule of mathematical reasoning ...
-1
votes
2answers
812 views

What does this quote from Einstein mean? [closed]

Common sense invents and constructs no less than its own field than science does in its domain. It is, however, in the nature of common sense not to be aware of this situation. source
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between ‘determinism’ and ‘fatalism’

What is the difference between determinism and fatalism?
7
votes
5answers
314 views

What does “I” really mean?

When we refer to a human being by "I"/"you"/"he"/"she"/"Mary", what do we really mean? The more I think about it, the more confused I get. Do we mean living body or emotional/psychological world or ...
1
vote
2answers
352 views

How does Derrida explain the possibility of meaningful communication and linguistic coordination?

Consider this passage on Derrida and meaning (from here): The search for an 'essential reality' or 'origin' or 'truth' is futile, because "...language bears within itself the necessity of its ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

What does “You go to women? Do not forget the whip!” mean?

As an Iranian citizen I have read most Nietzsche's books which have been translated in Persian/Farsi language as my mother tongue. There are still debates between translators,philosophers and ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Distinction between 'essence','substance', 'being', 'existence' and 'entity'?

They're all important notions in Philosophy. They seem different but are easily mixed up. Substance can mean essence but also existence. Entity seems to be a special being. So my question: What's the ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Is there any quantifiable way to determine irony?

Irony has always been one of the most subjective words/ideas in the common language. I wonder if this is a perception or a lack of understanding of the concept at a deep rooted level. When does a ...
9
votes
2answers
404 views

What does “is true” mean in the phrase “a philosophical position is true”?

I have run into an online discussion about philosophies and world views (theism, atheism, humanism, nihilism, and all the other "isms") where phrases like "*ism is true" and "*ism is false" are used. ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Is silence more ontologically fundamental than meaning?

If the structures which enable the emergence of meaning in awareness behave according to principles which do not require meaning to function, this means meaning is inextricably tied to silence or ...
3
votes
3answers
230 views

Is meaning distinct from language?

Many theories of speech describe speech acts as being phenomena with both a sign and signified aspect. ( http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/meaning/ etc.) In another perspective, which is exemplified ...