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2answers
46 views

Does 'all the value that we associate with persons' always hold true?

The second heading: Reasons of principle Torture treats the victim as a means to an end and not an end in themselves [First bullet] ● it treats the victim as a 'thing', not as a person ...
5
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7answers
434 views

When is Mathematics not about counting?

A comment on an answer I posted asserted that "Mathematics is NOT always about counting". My thoughts were that if there's a unit (inches / milligrams / light years etc), then someting is being ...
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0answers
39 views

An logical expression and its meaning

I will use an example sentence from Russell, so let W represent the predicate “... authored Waverley “ then (x)(Wx → (y)(Wy → y=x)) would express the same thing as the sentence 'At most one person ...
8
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4answers
176 views

Understanding Grice's Theory of (Non-Natural) Meaning

I am trying to understand Paul Grice's famous essay "Meaning". So consider a computer system which is fed a dictionary of every English word in existence. The computer system then randomly spits out ...
1
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2answers
73 views

Difficult sentence

Here is a sentence from philosophical work written by Roderick Chisholm Theory of knowledge. Which i failed to translate and understand. Explain it please in simple words. One property may be ...
-3
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0answers
131 views

Peirce-Frege-Wittgenstein-Habermas merge

Wittgenstein did not cancel the theory and consistency. His language games only narrowed the range of validity, i.e. opened the door to the meaning as the discursive/communicative achievement. But the ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

Consciousness and its relationship to Category Theory [closed]

Since consciousness is implicitly understood/used in the use of categories , could we consider it a "fundamental" functor ? Category Theory is very general (covering/useful) to many fields now ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

What is an “unarticulated background”?

Does a sentence only mean something because it draws on knowledge outside of itself? Take 2 + 2 = 4: is it a tautology? No: it depends on a conception of '+', which is not located within that ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Objectives of humanity? [closed]

Given that there is no evidence for a "purpose" to life, we as humans can choose our own purposes. In deciding on my career, I find it important to consider the aims of humanity as a whole. I have ...
1
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4answers
129 views

Can empty universe have any significance?

Let's consider a universe such that: The laws of physics do not allow life or any other consciousness to be formed within it. There's no outside observer of that universe (e.g. God or an ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Albert Camus on the meaning of life?

What is wrong (if anything) with the reasoning in the following quote by Albert Camus, and why? I see many people die because they judge that life is not worth living. I see others ...
1
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2answers
58 views

Term for skepticism about whether a concept is meaningful

What is the term for the philosophical stance that a given concept which people seem to imbue with meaning actually has no meaning, especially if this means it makes no sense to speak of believing in ...
7
votes
5answers
95 views

Should “meaning”, as we experience it, be considered qualia?

By qualia - assume as defined in [wikipedia]:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualia, give or take ( up to you ) By "meaning as we experience it", perhaps I could just say "meaning", but i want to ...
3
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2answers
119 views

Can Frege coherently admit expressions that have a sense but lack a reference?

I am looking here for any sources that respond to the question given: Can Frege coherently admit expressions that have a sense but lack a reference? I am familiar with a lot of the exegetical work ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

*Gödel, Escher, Bach* quote illustrating syntax vs. semantics?

On what page of Hofstadter's Gödel, Escher, Bach (GEB) is the paragraph he quotes which is syntactically correct but almost completely void of any meaning except for a very esoteric group of ...
1
vote
2answers
430 views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
2
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2answers
98 views

The notion of “equality” [closed]

Here's a quote that I would like to analyze: Euclid's first common notion is this: Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to each other. That's a rule of mathematical reasoning ...
-1
votes
2answers
532 views

What does this quote from Einstein mean? [closed]

Common sense invents and constructs no less than its own field than science does in its domain. It is, however, in the nature of common sense not to be aware of this situation. source
2
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2answers
1k views

Difference between ‘determinism’ and ‘fatalism’

What is the difference between determinism and fatalism?
7
votes
5answers
296 views

What does “I” really mean?

When we refer to a human being by "I"/"you"/"he"/"she"/"Mary", what do we really mean? The more I think about it, the more confused I get. Do we mean living body or emotional/psychological world or ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

How does Derrida explain the possibility of meaningful communication and linguistic coordination?

Consider this passage on Derrida and meaning (from here): The search for an 'essential reality' or 'origin' or 'truth' is futile, because "...language bears within itself the necessity of its ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What does “You go to women? Do not forget the whip!” mean?

As an Iranian citizen I have read most Nietzsche's books which have been translated in Persian/Farsi language as my mother tongue. There are still debates between translators,philosophers and ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Distinction between 'essence','substance', 'being', 'existence' and 'entity'?

They're all important notions in Philosophy. They seem different but are easily mixed up. Substance can mean essence but also existence. Entity seems to be a special being. So my question: What's the ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Is there any quantifiable way to determine irony?

Irony has always been one of the most subjective words/ideas in the common language. I wonder if this is a perception or a lack of understanding of the concept at a deep rooted level. When does a ...
9
votes
2answers
371 views

What does “is true” mean in the phrase “a philosophical position is true”?

I have run into an online discussion about philosophies and world views (theism, atheism, humanism, nihilism, and all the other "isms") where phrases like "*ism is true" and "*ism is false" are used. ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Is silence more ontologically fundamental than meaning?

If the structures which enable the emergence of meaning in awareness behave according to principles which do not require meaning to function, this means meaning is inextricably tied to silence or ...
3
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3answers
227 views

Is meaning distinct from language?

Many theories of speech describe speech acts as being phenomena with both a sign and signified aspect. ( http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/meaning/ etc.) In another perspective, which is exemplified ...