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3
votes
1answer
39 views

What does *substantive* in the term 'substantive normative claim' mean?

In Sharon Street's paper, "Nothing "Really" Matters, but That's Not What Matters", she uses the phrase substantive normative-claim: I take it that this is because Parfit is thinking of the claim ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What anthologies might offer introductions to moral philosophy?

After reading the essay "What I believe" by Bertrand Russell, I became very interested in learning more about moral philosophy. What I am now looking for is a collection of writings by different ...
2
votes
4answers
85 views

Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

If something is non derivatively good then is it always good?

This should explain the meaning of non derivatively good. Suppose that someone were to ask you whether it is good to help others in time of need. Unless you suspected some sort of trick, you ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Is Simmons a consequentialist while Rawls a non-consequentialist?

Rawls defined Civil Disobedience as a Public,Political and Non-Violent act;while Simmons rejects all of these criterion but defines Civil Disobedience as a Deliberate,Principled(done for a political) ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is our general level of abstraction in ethics hypocritical?

We have come to discover that a high level of serotonin (the leadership chemical, and what falls during depression) improves one's ability to think abstractly. Some of our greatest gains in thinking ...
1
vote
3answers
136 views

Is racism a moral judgement?

If we have a society where one of the basic beliefs is systematic racism, would that be a moral belief, or a factual one? It seems to me like more of a factual one, since its a way of viewing the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Moral sense theory / Meaning of life

Moral sense theory is as follows in this tip top wiki article. Presumably ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_sense_theory I was just wondering if anyone says anything similar about the particular ...
-5
votes
2answers
105 views

Assuming right and wrong aren't arbitrary [closed]

Suppose that there is an answer to the question "why be moral", such that "it is irrational to be immoral or at least... not irrational to be moral". ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
5
votes
2answers
199 views

Moral nihilism?

I have two main worries, which are drawn from Nagel and Mackay for their expression, though I think I agree with neither of these philosophers. First I will sketch my idea about right and wrong, ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Is there a moral motivation?

If, as a psychologically 'normal' human being, I find acts that I would call 'immoral' to be repugnant (and my gut response to immorality 'feels' different enough form aversion to, say, eating ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Difference between ethical subjectivism and expressivism?

I understand that emotional reactions do not have truth values. But it seems like it's obvious to translate an emotional reaction X to a statement "I have emotional reaction X" that does have a truth ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Are perfection, morality, sanity and beauty “absolute”? [closed]

Are perfection/morality/sanity/beauty.. absolute terms? Perfection. I am told its a self evident term and cannot be defined. Anyway I had a conversation with a person who tried to prove the existence ...
4
votes
4answers
148 views

Is it possible to logically derive moral statements from factual statements?

Yes, this is essentially the is-ought problem posed as a question. The reason I am asking however, is that I have so far found absolutely no satisfactory arguments for this being the case anywhere ...
5
votes
2answers
242 views

How fatal is Rands error in tackling Humes is-ought distinction?

Rand calls her philosophy Objectivism as she declares this moral philosophy is wholly & entirely rational and that the world has an objective character: It is out there. Hume, on the other hand ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Has/can moral relativism be refuted and what are its implications for a true and useful ethical calculus?

It seems that the existence of moral relativism undermines the entire enterprise of ethics, as it devolves into a bunch of, albeit very smart, people abstractly formulating what is ultimately just a ...
2
votes
4answers
239 views

Are there laws which govern minds?

After much discussion of my question, How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?, I've come to think that two earlier questions must first be asked: Are there laws which govern how any ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

What is the current status of Emotivism?

Emotivism is a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions but emotional attitudes. Hence, it is colloquially known as the hurrah/boo theory. (WP) I have been ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?

We humans have not always believed in objective reality, or at least we have not always believed that reality is rational without any discernible bounds. For, the instant that reality ceases being ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

What's the difference between a 'duty' and 'obligation'?

Background I enrolled in a class, The Philosophy of Human Rights. The authors of the course readings never use 'duty' and 'obligation' interchangeably, so I suspect that the terms may have distinct ...
2
votes
3answers
206 views

Is it possible to define (legally-useful) inalienable natural rights without a deity?

Here's my understanding of natural rights: Natural rights are those rights inherent to a being. Those rights are inalienable if they may not be overridden by social contract. Without some sort of ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Sub-Ideal Moral Decisions

Thought Experiment: A nuclear missile is heading towards one of two major cities. An agent -- let us a say a government official -- is faced with the following two options. (1) Deflect the missile ...
0
votes
2answers
412 views

Are ethics subjective? [closed]

I made a claim that ethics are completely subjective; that there is no one correct answer to a question in the form of: Is insert activity or behaviour here ethical or not? It was suggested that I ...
7
votes
3answers
799 views

Should we not talk about ethics according to Wittgenstein?

Wittgenstein says in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: 6.4 All propositions are of equal value. 6.41 The sense of the world must lie outside the world. In the world everything is as it is ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Is Camus 'Outsider' an argument for, or a critique of existentialism?

I've read Camus 'Outsider' twice. And have seen it acted out in the theatre. I do not think I understand it, though I can admire Camus prose style. Its often taken as canonical in existentialist ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Corporations can spend, but can they speak?

The US Supreme Court has ruled that the act of spending money (buying political ads) is a form of speech, or, a speech act (political speech). The implication being, of course, that political ...
9
votes
3answers
280 views

Who applies the pessimistic induction to moral “truths”?

I happened upon the term pessimistic induction (the history of science is a "graveyard" of once empirically successful theories whose central terms have been found not to refer) on this page and ...
18
votes
8answers
1k views

Does the existence of psychopaths pose a problem for moral realists who argue we have a moral intuition?

Psychopathy is not universally agreed upon in psychology, but among some there is a consensus that psychopathy is highly heritable, and that psychopaths are lacking in conscience and empathy. ...