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19 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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1answer
24 views

Where can I go to find one-on-one verbal Philosophical discussion?

I don't know if method questions are as allowable as content questions, but I am seeking conversational partners to riff on and analyze ideas with as I wend through philosophical inquiries. Because I ...
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3answers
87 views

Can one believe in Divine Command Theory without the Bible?

If one believes that there is a God and that He created the universe, it would seemingly follow logically that whatever God commands is moral (and whatever He commands not to do is immoral). For ...
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1answer
40 views

Can we act immorally if we believe it is irrational?

I read this very short article from SEP on the topic of practical moral skepticism. Practical moral skepticism answers the common question, “Why be moral?” This question, like many philosophical ...
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2answers
82 views

What is the root reason for Nietzsche calling Kant a “fatal spider”?

Antichrist p11. Why couldn't Nietzsche take the rough with the smooth, in Kant's moral philosophy? Does the categorical imperative have a perspective from which it's reasonable, ether for Nietzsche'...
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4answers
79 views

Is it possible to measure the “rightness” of moral thought?

Fifty years ago it was widely believed in Europe that homosexuality was an awful perversion that should be cured or, failing that, punished. A hundred years ago it was widely believed in Europe that ...
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1answer
67 views

Can the past have value if we can't change it?

I think fictionalism about value is the idea that no expression of value is true, but we pretend it is. Hermeneutic fictionalism about a discourse D is a thesis about the actual nature of the ...
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4answers
53 views

Does an absolute moral value always have the same value?

Does an absolute moral value always have an identical value? Assuming there is an absolute prohibition against murder, can context mitigate its wrongness? I am just interested in the question cos I'...
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2answers
262 views

Kant's need of God [closed]

My main issue is not the understanding of the text in question, it really is a question about his conception in general: Kant defends the idea of God by hypothising a "supreme (original) good", ...
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2answers
68 views

Does any meta-ethics claim moral discourse is impossible?

Background Suppose that what makes a value judgment moral, is its intrinsic rationality. In comparison: that I should take this bus, seems (both instrumental and) a judgment which depends upon ...
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0answers
100 views

Ayn Rand and “rationality” [closed]

When I was new to the internet, I found Rand fascinating - in an objectionable, quite horrid way. I find her prose quite gaudily turgid, but that's not what I mean: it seemed there was something there;...
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3answers
183 views

Is moral value intrinsic, or just non-accidental?

It seems most moral philosophers say that morality needs intrinsic value Intrinsic value has traditionally been thought to lie at the heart of ethics. Philosophers use a number of terms to refer ...
3
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1answer
90 views

What is the difference between emotivism and quasi-realism

I'm not sure what the difference between Emotivism and Quasi-realism are. According to Wikipedia, Emotivism is '...a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions ...
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2answers
217 views

Are Nietzsche's “higher men” men of principle

Are Nietzsche's "higher men" men of principle - in their value judgments? Or do their principles extend only to meta-ethical claims, such as the will to power, the existence of higher and lower ...
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4answers
82 views

Is this ethical relativism?

Is there a term for the claim that: Smith is permitted to do something iff his reasons that he is so permitted are more compelling than his reasons that he is not so permitted, regardless of what ...
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0answers
26 views

Sub-Ethics: Subset or Strictly Inferior

Do you know if philosophers have argued that certain ethical theories are contained in other ones? That is, that the set of imperatives in one for arbitrary agent is a subset of the imperatives on ...
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1answer
477 views

What does *substantive* in the term 'substantive normative claim' mean?

In Sharon Street's paper, "Nothing "Really" Matters, but That's Not What Matters", she uses the phrase substantive normative-claim: I take it that this is because Parfit is thinking of the claim ...
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1answer
51 views

What anthologies might offer introductions to moral philosophy?

After reading the essay "What I believe" by Bertrand Russell, I became very interested in learning more about moral philosophy. What I am now looking for is a collection of writings by different ...
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4answers
204 views

Is there a cogent argument for whether there are objective moral facts?

I just finished an introductory ethics course in college and we talked about different perspectives in metaethics. We spent most time on realist vs anti-realist arguements and for my purposes here ...
2
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2answers
60 views

If something is non derivatively good then is it always good?

This should explain the meaning of non derivatively good. Suppose that someone were to ask you whether it is good to help others in time of need. Unless you suspected some sort of trick, you ...
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0answers
102 views

'Ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
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1answer
67 views

Is our general level of abstraction in ethics hypocritical?

We have come to discover that a high level of serotonin (the leadership chemical, and what falls during depression) improves one's ability to think abstractly. Some of our greatest gains in thinking ...
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3answers
440 views

Is racism a moral judgement?

If we have a society where one of the basic beliefs is systematic racism, would that be a moral belief, or a factual one? It seems to me like more of a factual one, since its a way of viewing the ...
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0answers
54 views

Moral sense theory / Meaning of life

Moral sense theory is as follows in this tip top wiki article. Presumably ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_sense_theory I was just wondering if anyone says anything similar about the particular ...
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6answers
1k views

Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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2answers
297 views

Moral nihilism?

I have two main worries, which are drawn from Nagel and Mackay for their expression, though I think I agree with neither of these philosophers. First I will sketch my idea about right and wrong, ...
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2answers
229 views

Is there a moral motivation?

If, as a psychologically 'normal' human being, I find acts that I would call 'immoral' to be repugnant (and my gut response to immorality 'feels' different enough form aversion to, say, eating ...
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1answer
77 views

Difference between ethical subjectivism and expressivism?

I understand that emotional reactions do not have truth values. But it seems like it's obvious to translate an emotional reaction X to a statement "I have emotional reaction X" that does have a truth ...
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1answer
160 views

Are perfection, morality, sanity and beauty “absolute”? [closed]

Are perfection/morality/sanity/beauty.. absolute terms? Perfection. I am told its a self evident term and cannot be defined. Anyway I had a conversation with a person who tried to prove the existence ...
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4answers
232 views

Is it possible to logically derive moral statements from factual statements?

Yes, this is essentially the is-ought problem posed as a question. The reason I am asking however, is that I have so far found absolutely no satisfactory arguments for this being the case anywhere ...
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2answers
346 views

How fatal is Rands error in tackling Humes is-ought distinction?

Rand calls her philosophy Objectivism as she declares this moral philosophy is wholly & entirely rational and that the world has an objective character: It is out there. Hume, on the other hand ...
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6answers
541 views

Has/can moral relativism be refuted and what are its implications for a true and useful ethical calculus?

It seems that the existence of moral relativism undermines the entire enterprise of ethics, as it devolves into a bunch of, albeit very smart, people abstractly formulating what is ultimately just a ...
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4answers
274 views

Are there laws which govern minds?

After much discussion of my question, How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?, I've come to think that two earlier questions must first be asked: Are there laws which govern how any ...
2
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1answer
177 views

What is the current status of Emotivism?

Emotivism is a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions but emotional attitudes. Hence, it is colloquially known as the hurrah/boo theory. (WP) I have been ...
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2answers
248 views

How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?

We humans have not always believed in objective reality, or at least we have not always believed that reality is rational without any discernible bounds. For, the instant that reality ceases being ...
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3answers
15k views

What's the difference between a 'duty' and 'obligation'?

Background I enrolled in a class, The Philosophy of Human Rights. The authors of the course readings never use 'duty' and 'obligation' interchangeably, so I suspect that the terms may have distinct ...
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5answers
280 views

Is it possible to define (legally-useful) inalienable natural rights without a deity?

Here's my understanding of natural rights: Natural rights are those rights inherent to a being. Those rights are inalienable if they may not be overridden by social contract. Without some sort of ...
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2answers
549 views

Are ethics subjective? [closed]

I made a claim that ethics are completely subjective; that there is no one correct answer to a question in the form of: Is insert activity or behaviour here ethical or not? It was suggested that I ...
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4answers
1k views

Should we not talk about ethics according to Wittgenstein?

Wittgenstein says in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: 6.4 All propositions are of equal value. 6.41 The sense of the world must lie outside the world. In the world everything is as it is ...
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1answer
215 views

Is Camus 'Outsider' an argument for, or a critique of existentialism?

I've read Camus 'Outsider' twice. And have seen it acted out in the theatre. I do not think I understand it, though I can admire Camus prose style. Its often taken as canonical in existentialist ...
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2answers
163 views

Corporations can spend, but can they speak?

The US Supreme Court has ruled that the act of spending money (buying political ads) is a form of speech, or, a speech act (political speech). The implication being, of course, that political spending,...
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298 views

Who applies the pessimistic induction to moral “truths”?

I happened upon the term pessimistic induction (the history of science is a "graveyard" of once empirically successful theories whose central terms have been found not to refer) on this page and ...
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8answers
1k views

Does the existence of psychopaths pose a problem for moral realists who argue we have a moral intuition?

Psychopathy is not universally agreed upon in psychology, but among some there is a consensus that psychopathy is highly heritable, and that psychopaths are lacking in conscience and empathy. ...