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1answer
28 views

Difference between ethical subjectivism and expressivism?

I understand that emotional reactions do not have truth values. But it seems like it's obvious to translate an emotional reaction X to a statement "I have emotional reaction X" that does have a truth ...
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1answer
71 views

Are perfection, morality, sanity and beauty “absolute”? [closed]

Are perfection/morality/sanity/beauty.. absolute terms? Perfection. I am told its a self evident term and cannot be defined. Anyway I had a conversation with a person who tried to prove the existence ...
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4answers
99 views

Is it possible to logically derive moral statements from factual statements?

Yes, this is essentially the is-ought problem posed as a question. The reason I am asking however, is that I have so far found absolutely no satisfactory arguments for this being the case anywhere ...
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0answers
94 views

How fatal is Rands error in tackling Humes is-ought distinction?

Rand calls her philosophy Objectivism as she declares this moral philosophy is wholly & entirely rational and that the world has an objective character: It is out there. Hume, on the other hand ...
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2answers
129 views

Has/can moral relativism be refuted and what are its implications for a true and useful ethical calculus?

It seems that the existence of moral relativism undermines the entire enterprise of ethics, as it devolves into a bunch of, albeit very smart, people abstractly formulating what is ultimately just a ...
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4answers
183 views

Are there laws which govern minds?

After much discussion of my question, How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?, I've come to think that two earlier questions must first be asked: Are there laws which govern how any ...
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1answer
83 views

What is the current status of Emotivism?

Emotivism is a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions but emotional attitudes. Hence, it is colloquially known as the hurrah/boo theory. (WP) I have been ...
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2answers
142 views

How could 'objective morality' be known/investigated?

We humans have not always believed in objective reality, or at least we have not always believed that reality is rational without any discernible bounds. For, the instant that reality ceases being ...
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3answers
2k views

What's the difference between a 'duty' and 'obligation'?

Background I enrolled in a class, The Philosophy of Human Rights. The authors of the course readings never use 'duty' and 'obligation' interchangeably, so I suspect that the terms may have distinct ...
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3answers
155 views

Is it possible to define (legally-useful) inalienable natural rights without a deity?

Here's my understanding of natural rights: Natural rights are those rights inherent to a being. Those rights are inalienable if they may not be overridden by social contract. Without some sort of ...
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0answers
57 views

Sub-Ideal Moral Decisions

Thought Experiment: A nuclear missile is heading towards one of two major cities. An agent -- let us a say a government official -- is faced with the following two options. (1) Deflect the missile ...
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2answers
276 views

Are ethics subjective? [closed]

I made a claim that ethics are completely subjective; that there is no one correct answer to a question in the form of: Is insert activity or behaviour here ethical or not? It was suggested that I ...
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3answers
460 views

Should we not talk about ethics according to Wittgenstein?

Wittgenstein says in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: 6.4 All propositions are of equal value. 6.41 The sense of the world must lie outside the world. In the world everything is as it is ...
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1answer
116 views

Is Camus 'Outsider' an argument for, or a critique of existentialism?

I've read Camus 'Outsider' twice. And have seen it acted out in the theatre. I do not think I understand it, though I can admire Camus prose style. Its often taken as canonical in existentialist ...
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2answers
154 views

Corporations can spend, but can they speak?

The US Supreme Court has ruled that the act of spending money (buying political ads) is a form of speech, or, a speech act (political speech). The implication being, of course, that political ...
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3answers
256 views

Who applies the pessimistic induction to moral “truths”?

I happened upon the term pessimistic induction (the history of science is a "graveyard" of once empirically successful theories whose central terms have been found not to refer) on this page and ...
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8answers
805 views

Does the existence of psychopaths pose a problem for moral realists who argue we have a moral intuition?

Psychopathy is not universally agreed upon in psychology, but among some there is a consensus that psychopathy is highly heritable, and that psychopaths are lacking in conscience and empathy. ...