Metaphilosophy is the philosophical study of philosophy itself — its goals, methods, scope, and relationship to other intellectual disciplines or human projects.

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Why should one philosophize instead of acting?

I was recently discussing the idea of beauty with one of my colleagues and how beauty should be defined. He brought up the fact that nowadays many beauty standards are set by the media, which ...
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34 views

When does a study / way of life / idea become a philosophy?

Wikipedia : Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom" is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, ...
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106 views

Why do philosophical questions arise?

I've been reading questions and answers in this site for a while, and I've come to the idea that philosophical questions arise mainly in a response to a psychological need, like having a cognitive ...
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1answer
143 views

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of “proof”?

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of "proof"? Not necessarily of psychoanalysis.
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which problem Russell is focusing on while providing a solution, in his introduction to the Tractatus?

In the final part of his introduction to the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus, Russell provides a possible solution to the problem of the impossibility of self-reference of logic: There is one ...
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31 views

Does post modernism dispose of the romantic ideal of genius?

But after this descent into yourself and into your solitude, perhaps you will have to renounce becoming a poet (if, as I have said, one feels one could live without writing, then one shouldn’t ...
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280 views

How to implement the so called 'principle of charity'?

The 'principle of charity' has been considered of great importance especially in scholarly communication. It is not very clear, nonetheless, how the principle can be implemented, even in simple ...
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3answers
65 views

What is(are) the importance(s) of formal reasoning

In Mathematics, we as an undergraduate are exposed for the first time (at least for me it was the case) to 'rigor'. For example, in Real Analysis classes we often use logical quantifiers in our ...
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201 views

Is it thought that analytic philosophy is in decline?

I would like to know from someone who has closely followed contemporary analytic philosophy if this idea has any currency. So by "is it thought" I mean is it a general trend or mood. The reason for ...
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1answer
35 views

Can any signature be counterfeit?

Derrida in Signature Event Context" (1972) asks: "Are there signatures?", responds, "Yes, of course, every day. Effects of signature are the most common thing in the world" (SEC 20). And he ...
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76 views

Can philosophy justify itself?

There are some scientists who claim that philosophy is useless: Lawrence Krauss, Lewis Wolpert, Stephen Hawking and so on. Science is a better method for our quest for knowledge, they said. Some ...
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553 views

Where one should draw a line between X and Philosophy of X?

It seems clear to many scholars which issues belong to philosophy-of-X and which rather belong to X. And sometimes it is indeed obvious when some given issue is for example mathematical or physical ...
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1answer
82 views

Truth and factness of reality [closed]

In relation to my earlier question, Apart from Fact being a component of reality, what other factors comprise of reality which are sufficient for anything to be Fact? And by saying Truth: a ...
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1answer
42 views

Physicalist platonism?

Two results of the PhilPapers Survey: Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism? Accept or lean toward: Platonism 366 / 931 (39.3%) Accept or lean toward: nominalism 351 / 931 (37.7%) ...
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525 views

What is the distinction between mysticism and metaphysics?

Mysticism and Metaphysics seem to share immediate similarity: both amount to sort of speculations pertaining to capture universal truth that cannot be confirmed nor refuted by the senses. What is the ...
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5answers
1k views

Is there a flaw in Spinoza's argument about gender inequality?

Spinoza, the 17th century philosopher wrote in his Political Treatise (Chapter XI): "If by nature women were equal to men, and were equally distinguished by force of character and ability, in ...
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2answers
77 views

What is an assumption?

I am unable to come up with an answer to the question - "what is an assumption?" Given a statement X, how do i know how many assumptions are there in it. It often happens that one statement is said ...
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2answers
110 views

Do philosophical theories stay independent of scientific discoveries?

I asked a question earlier about how the Genealogy of Morals by Nietzsche had held out in terms how accurate his philosophy was, now that we know more about the emergence of the human animal. The ...
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91 views

Does doing comparative philosophy mean adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
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3answers
113 views

What are some good introductions to analytic ontology?

What is/are the best introduction(s) of analytic ontology? I know about a book written by Edmund Runggaldier ‎and Christian Kanzian but still I don't have it. I would like to read clear, simple ...
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390 views

Is 'meaning of life' a recent topic in philosophy?

Thaddeus Metz states in 'Meaning in Life' (2014) that: And a thorough search by professional philosophers has not been undertaken long at all, having begun in earnest only in the 1980s or so. ...
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Does definition of Fact in philosophy have any relation with time and place?

Does definition of Fact in philosophy have any relation with time and place? If yes, then is it justified to say that "Fact is a Fact irrespective of one's awareness of it being true"? For example: ...
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3answers
122 views

What is the basis for answering philosophical questions?

This may come off weird, but I'm new to the subject of philosophy. In many aspects it seems to be fully theoretical and based on subjective perceptions of truth. So what can be a basis for answering ...
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6answers
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Are there philosophical theories that are either confirmed or refuted by the majority of experts?

Do there exist any philosophical theories that have been either confirmed or refuted by the majority of experts? That is, confirmed or refuted such that a consensus has been established about the ...
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2answers
67 views

What is the objective of philosophy according to the late Wittgenstein?

Wittgenstein early metaphilosophy in the TLP basically gives philosophy the role of "riddler solver", that is, a discipline whose main task is to study language in order to clarify the meaning of ...
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5answers
265 views

Is there any connection between mental illness and philosophical thought?

Philosophical position like solipsism are well thought out and definitely rational. Nevertheless it's unusual from practical commoner's point of view. Is it possible that mental condition like de-...
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1answer
56 views

Is philosophy the quest of the answer, or the thrive of the process? [closed]

I thought about "the medium is the message", and kind of transposed the similar thought-pattern to philosophy. Finding answers often seems to be at the very core of the subject: people fight with ...
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Tomatoes, Wisdom and Intelligence?

A lighthearted topic after I came across this funny quote: Intelligence is knowing that a tomato is a fruit, wisdom is knowing not to put tomatoes in a fruit salad. This had me wondering what ...
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Is formal education required to fully grasp (academic/analytic) philosophy?

If a person has access to all the readings but lack (peer/mentor)-interaction under formal setting (e.g: university, cutting-edge seminar...) is this study likely doomed to fail? (e.g: lead to an ...
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1answer
136 views

Is it defensible to offend a group of people when they cling to horrendous ideas?

Several organized or semi-organized groups of people in the world have really horrendous ideas, and react disproportionally strongly to any critique. I think most readers can agree with that statement,...
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62 views

Should philosophy focus more on 'ought' questions?

I'll preface the question with the fact that I don't mean to sound accusatory. I'm not widely studied in philosophy so for all I know this could be an area where philosophy is already having a ...
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2answers
218 views

Modern Sophists?

I was wondering if in professional philosophy there are modern sophists. That is, people who have no qualms publishing on both sides of an issue, perhaps not being able to themselves come to ...
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3answers
170 views

What happens to a philosophical question when it is solved for good?

I was reading the introduction to a general philosophy text book, and it mentioned at some point that philosophy was like science in that concrete results are established and philosophers are able to ...
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106 views

The dissonance between our logic, and the origin of everything

Many broad arguments, listed below, hold for the entirety of our existence, but they overwhelmingly fail to explain the edge cases - that is, the beginning and the end. For example: Energy cannot ...
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358 views

Is the question: why there is something rather than nothing?, the root of all philosophy?

I'm new to philosophy so bear with me. I've been reading Martin Heidegger (An introduction to metaphysics). In the book he claims that the question of why there is something rather than nothing is ...
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What is the purpose of answers to metaphysical questions?

Generally speaking, metaphysics seems to deal with questions that cannot be verified empirically, which are thus beyond the understanding of science. Because of this I'm wondering whether the answers ...
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356 views

“→” is the symbol for material implication. Is there such a thing as “immaterial implication”?

Why do we qualify "implication" with "material"? This seems to imply that there are other kinds of implication.
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1answer
82 views

What is the role of philosophy according to the Tractatus

IIRC it's to show what questions are pseudo questions. But he also says this: Philosophy limits the disputable sphere of natural science. Is this in reference to the demarcation of science and ...
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1answer
386 views

Which questions have philosophers answered more satisfyingly than mere common sense? [closed]

Philosophy can be seen as a huge domain: studying everything that exists and questioning its inner mechanic, purpose, moral (non exhaustive list). For instance stuyding the laws of nature, logic, ...
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What kind of philospher believes many philospical issues can be reduced to defining words?

I will take Fatalism vs Compatibilism as an example. I hold that the only difference between them is the definition of free will. Namely, I prefer the Compatibilistic definition, that free will is ...
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149 views

Could philosophy still work as well or better as multiple isolated, clearly delineated deduction systems?

I presume that philosophy could not work as well or better as such, or it would be going on already. But why couldn't it? I'm sure there are good reasons I can't think of. But those not in the ...
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7answers
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How to stop thinking philosophically? [closed]

My dilemma is that somehow I always get stuck thinking philosophically about things. One example is mathematics. For some reason, I always start thinking philosophically. Like word problems; I start ...
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1answer
85 views

Are we spending too much time asking hard to answer questions while we'd be better off asking more productive ones?

I've heard this on several occasions and I think it is true if we're spending too much of our time on them. It might not be true for some people, but then, how do they decide it isn't true for them? ...
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1answer
97 views

What would be the relation between logic and philosophy?

Lately in my philosophical discussions it has occured to our group that one unexpected and seemingly unlogical thing has started happening. It would seem to me that using logic is unavoidable in a ...
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1answer
64 views

Is avoiding hypocrisy an impulse for philosophy?

Following on from this thead, and somewhat related to this question that I recently asked: Could the job of philosophy be creating a system of belief in which I [or the thinker in general] can accept ...
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2answers
287 views

What does “non-philosophy” mean in the works of Laruelle (and scholars of Laruelle)?

From just the Wikipedia article and a few stray references here and there, I don't understand what Laruelle's "non-philosophy" is and how it can by aptly be described by its title. The link above ...
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1answer
73 views

what is comparative philosophy?

Nowadays we are confronted with a new major as comparative philosophy..Paul Mason Orsel the French philosopher has a book by the very name..my question is that what kind of philosophy is comparative ...
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9answers
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Is our Philosophy, the Human Philosophy, the only possible Philosophy which can exist?

What I'm asking is if is there any possibility for a Non-human Philosophy, that is, a Philosophy founded on questions which we can't even conceive. Is possible a Philosophy of questions which only can ...
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200 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
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When does the philosophy of a newly created (academic) discipline typically arise?

I occasionally spend some of my spare time reading through the questions and answers of interest on these SE websites, and I recently came across this question: Can a certain branch of philosophy ...