Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Do the future and the past exist?

It is not very odd in spiritual teachings to deny the existence of the future and the past, there is only 'now'. But are there philosophers who also denied the existence of the future and past? It ...
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Derrida's “Strategic Bet”

I was wondering if anyone could help me understand what Derrida's "Strategic Bet” is? (from his “Ends of Man”). And also, how do the alternatives in the bet define deconstruction?
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A discrete time: impact on philosophical aspects

Time is a major topic in philosophy. I wonder if there are philosophical works that have digged into the possibilities and impacts of discrete time instants. Present theories in physics suggest that ...
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Is it possible to prove that time-passing is an illusion? If so how?

There is time as an interval between two events but you could also state that time itself has a certain duration (it passes). Now in physics it is not always very common to see time as something that ...
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34 views

Can different varieties of modality be used with existential quantification?

I'm wondering if it makes sense to talk about worlds which aren't this one being real. It seems like you can claim that something possibly exists. Now I'm wondering, because it seems to amount to ...
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59 views

Heidegger's idea about 'being'

I was reading Heidegger's Basic Concepts and came across the following quote: "the casting-toward of being and the casting away of being are equally essential" (P. 75) I do understand that only ...
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If metaphysical grounding of beliefs is not necessary what is to logically compel one to believe anything?

'Grounding' is the notion that 'because of X, Y', X being the reason one can accept Y beyond pragmatic considerations. In this way, X and Y are analogous to cause and effect respectively. If it is ...
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Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
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Something that has an end must have a beginning?

In ancient Hebrew book (http://dafyomireview.com/article.php?docid=398#ch5) dealing with logical proof of creation of the world. The following premise is established PROOF OF SECOND PREMISE - ...
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80 views

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

At an everyday level, we seem to subscribe to a from of strong realism which doesn't leave any room for skepticism. We are certain that individuals who hear voices in their heads or who have ...
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How does a realist account for causation between universals and particulars?

With respect to universals nominalists maintain that there are no universals and only particulars exists. Conversely, realists says that there are universals. Here is a sketch of an argument against ...
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Is the claim that atheism is the null hypothesis invalid because it applies a physical measurement to the metaphysical?

I've heard several people state that: Atheism is the null hypothesis. ie that this null hypothesis can be falsified: if one piece of evidence is found to contradict it, the existence is considered ...
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How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
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58 views

Can one be a reductionist without being a materialist?

I always assumed that reductionism was an inherently materialist/physicalist point of view: If one believed that everything can be reduced to the fundamental laws of physics, then by implication, they ...
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Why may I considere Wittgenstein a Kantian thinker with regard to metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is a Kantian philosopher as far as the structure of the Tractatus, as far as the last part (section 6 and comments) are concerned with: that I cannot speak about the subject in the ...
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What kind of philosophical questions are transcendental philosophical questions?

There are a lot of different philosophical questions and I'm interested in knowing what kind of questions are asked in or what kind of questions does transcendental philosophy try to answer. I've ...
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58 views

How Can the Unobservable be Verified?

Empirical evaluations and judgments concerning the observable world (e.g. whether or not I'm eating a watermelon right now) are evidently verifiable; you can confirm that I am indeed eating a ...
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70 views

Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
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Aristotle's efficient causes: How can they make sense?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: [...] ...
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116 views

What are some real-life applications of metaphysics?

Metaphysics seems to be a field that is almost purely abstract. However, I am also interested in knowing how metaphysics has impacted the real world, if at all.
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Aristotle's material causes: How deep should we go?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: ...
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101 views

Arguments for determinism

Has any well-known philosopher tried to "prove" that determinism is true? This means, has anybody given a metaphysical argument for the necessary truth of determinism? I searched for examples, but ...
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What is the relation between grounding and emergence in philosophy of science?

So, I am wondering if anyone could help me with the notions of grounding and emergence in the modern discussions in philosophy of science. What are they and what is the relation between them? Any ...
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768 views

Can a physicist say why there is something rather than nothing? [closed]

Can a physicist say why there is something rather than nothing? And so what if they can't? If you are Heidegger please do be very sophisticated (i.e. contemporary)
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51 views

Aristotle's example of the material cause of a syllable

When Aristotle gives the example that the letters of a syllable are the material cause of the syllable, what does he mean by "syllable"? IMPORTANT: Imagine the following is written on a real physical ...
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34 views

Did Plato explain how the first soul acquired all the Forms?

Source: pp 6-7, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Sharon Kaye. Many Eastern religions teach the doctrine of the transmigration of souls, according to which the soul never really ...
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Please make more natural why policies under the Particular-Universal Dualism can still consist with each other

Source: pp 167-168, Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (2010, 2 ed) by Kenneth J. Vandevelde. Please tell me if I should display the picture in the post, instead of a link ...
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What cannot Particulars be just groups of properties?

[Source:] This prompts some philosophers to ditch the entire idea of a particular as something distinct from the properties of a thing. Remember that the standard way of understanding particulars ...
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what is the difference between classical political philosophy and modern political philosophy?

I'd like to know the major changes that happened that lead to the change in thought, and what veered modern political philosophy away from the concept of city and man to the concept of natural science ...
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Can you feel a feeling you don't know about? Could it affect your emotions?

So, do you believe someone can feel lonely if they don't know what loneliness is? Don't you think people don't like / like loneliness based on experience (someone who never gets to be alone usually ...
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What is the relation between transcendence and politics?

I read Schall's essay on transcendence and political philosophy . Being a novice to political philosophy I am quite confused on his views.
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68 views

Aristotle's Metaphysics

I have been studying Aristotle's Metaphysics and his definition of "coming to be" and "being" and with my limited knowledge I have tried to contrast his ideas to Plato's, so as to make sense of ...
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110 views

Can there be an infinite regress of Creators?

One of the replies to the argument from first cause for the universe being created by God is that there is no apriori reason against there simply being an infinite number of causes, or an infinite ...
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Why did only science and religion became widespread instead of magic? [closed]

and why is only science reproducible enough to be demonstrated to others at will? ========================== The books Harry Potter and the TV series The Librarian opened my curiosity to the 3rd ...
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What's the relationship between good will and duty?

I'm writing an essay about the relationship between good will and duty, using an excerpt from Immanuel Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I find the subject very interesting, but I'm ...
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108 views

Does physical cosmology imply ontological dualism?

This question has to do with scientific claims about the universe and could be asked in a number of ways. To my own very imperfect understanding, claims about "the universe" cannot be scientific ...
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Question About The Purpose of Life [closed]

I’m not well read on philosophy, but often think about what you could call philosophical issues, such as the purpose of life and what it means to be good etc. I’ve been pondering one idea around the ...
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How can the physical world be an abstract mathematical structure?

This is Tegmark's short formulation of the "mathematical universe" (paraphrased by detractors as "reality made of math"), and he goes out of his way to stress that he means the "is" literally:"Whereas ...
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138 views

Is the moon really there when not seen? [closed]

I am a physicist and not by any means any expert on philosophy. I want to get opinions on a question which seems to me and some of my friends to be an age-old problem. To what extent is the world ...
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62 views

Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
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What counters are there to the argument that acts of free will create infinite regress?

My 16-to-21-year-old self was very preoccupied with free will. When I was 21 years old I rejected the notion as ill-defined as both my reason and my inner experience told me that my will was caused ...
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What would be the difference between property and kind?

Philosopher E.J. Lowe states that There is a clear difference between saying something like ‘Rover is a dog’, in which we assign Rover, a particular animal, to a certain natural kind or species, ...
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Are questions about existence purely semantic?

I was inspired by this question, and in particular this section of user259242's answer: Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other ...
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How do you think for the object to 'conform to the constitution of our faculty of intuition'?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 256, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
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What does Kant mean when distinguishing time and space from experiences?

A novice, I do not feel prepared yet to, but shall in future, read Kant; please tell me if Kant's originals answer my question. Source: p 255, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, ...
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'space of which some 'if's are true' vs 'space of which other kinds of 'if's are true'

Source: Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn [p 249:]  But if, following Faraday, we resolve particles themselves into yet further powers, dispositions, ...
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What is the difference between Naturalism and Physicalism?

I am trying to figure the difference between Naturalism and Physicalism. As far as I could tell, they were the same thing, except that physicalism (physicalist vs dualist) was the term used when ...
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How does mind discovers its own existence?

By mind I mean the observer, the self, something that perceive. I hope that you understand because I can't find the right word. So, your mind can observe the external existence, and can observe its ...
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Has anyone ever argued that the laws of Nature and physics are necessary truths?

Looking at Putnam's twin earth thought experiment, his argument for semantic externalism is based on possibility of their being a twin earth, where everything is the same except for water being made ...
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Have philosophers attributed an intrinsic value to life?

I want to know if philosophers have attributed intrinsic value to being alive. What I mean by this is, does being alive, whether a bug or a human, or a plant itself have meaning just simply by ...