Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Which are the different possibles and what are their “rules”?

Some time ago I hear about the concept of "metaphysically impossible". It was a surprise for me, then, to hear there are different kinds of possibility, or at least these two "logically possible" and ...
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22 views

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist?

Could it be possible that the universe doesn't exist? That nothing exists, not even you or me? And by not existing, I mean totally not existing, as in not even existing as a computer simulation, or a ...
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Truth in Aquinas metaphysics

From what I'm reading, Aquinas distinguished truth in two senses: Ontological truth: It's the adaptation(adequation ?) of the 'created being' to God's understanding, whereby it fulfils that for ...
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12 views

A question about abstract terminology

Which is the most abstract? 'Entity' or 'Object' or 'Concept' or 'Thing'?
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38 views

How is Islam (as either philosophy or religion) relevant to any stage or place in general history especially to our own? [on hold]

Having insight and understanding regarding this question Thomas Aquinas wrote: Muhammad seduced the people by promises of carnal pleasure to which the concupiscence of the flesh goads us. His ...
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7answers
196 views

Is there any reason to believe that there are things which science cannot tell us?

Science can only tell us a posteriori synthetic truths, can this category extend to all propositions about the world. Surely the only things which can by known ONLY by a priori analytic are ...
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3answers
49 views

What are the most basic assumptions being held by humanity which serve as our foundation for thought?

as logic needs some basic assumptions in order to operate we assume some things then based on them we use logic to extrapolate. I think that there is no "fact", we all agree that some things are self ...
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33 views

How does Kant go from good will to duty?

In the opening of The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant starts talking about good will to build grounds for, in so far as I understand, the concept of acting from duty. Could someone ...
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Why is it wrong to deduce determinism from a logical law?

In Aristotle's famous sea battle argument, he argues from bivalence (or something like it) to determinism. Stalnacker has an argument to determinism using standard logical laws, as well. My question ...
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48 views

Are we being controlled and created by something or someone in the 4th dimension? [closed]

To add details to this question: Is this 3 dimension reality some kind of a mirror of the 4th dimension? Imagine you are in the 4th dimension, can things just appear on the 4th dimension and if so why ...
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52 views

What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for something to be an adequate “brute fact”?

Sometimes I see atheists vs. theists discussing the notion of a "brute fact", some proposing that nature as it is is a brute fact and others proposing that God is a better candidate for a brute fact ...
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God as in Pure act of being

According to the Thomistic view in Ontology, essence and 'the act of being' (I'm translating from a romance language) are different, in which 'to be' is the act received by the essence, which is the ...
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Did time begin? [duplicate]

I'm still circling around this quasi belief that ends and beginnings are somehow problematic. Suppose that physicists or philosophers could show that we cannot know when time begins. Would that mean ...
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76 views

Might The Observer Effect be a result of simplification in a computer-simulated universe?

For the past few years, I've contemplated the idea of the Universe being a computer simulation. This unsolved quantum physics phenomenon where objects act differently when observed is what sparked ...
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1answer
57 views

Yhwh: Exodus 3, 14. «I am that I am» and relationship to Metaphysics as Ontology

The passage of Exodus 3:14, where God presents Himself as «I am that I am», is it historically previous to Parmenides, the greek philosopher? I'm reading a manual on metaphysics as ontology. If I'm ...
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71 views

Should the easiness with which math is applied to the world be a surprise?

I study physics at an undergraduate level. Since early on, I've was a person who thought math was 'logical' and as such, its applications to the world aren't really a surprise since math is so ...
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1answer
27 views

What does «the fieri of the effect» mean?

What does «the fieri of the effect» mean, in the context of metaphysics/ontology? I've tried using several dictionaries, but the either got strange meanings, or no results at all... any help would ...
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2answers
104 views

What is the root of all relativity? [closed]

Everything we consciously understand really requires quite a bit of a priori knowledge. Complex thoughts and sentiments are integrations of other lower-level, less complex (albeit more significant) ...
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3answers
138 views

Why must objects be moved by other objects in Aquinas' First Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' First Way, the argument from motion: The first ...
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117 views

Why are the laws of nature 'always and everywhere the same'?

Spinoza wrote in his Ethics that: the laws and rules of Nature…are always and everywhere the same This so as to deny a categorical difference between man and nature; Spinoza affirms that man is ...
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4answers
153 views

Must infinity involve repetitions?

Infinity for Nietzsche in at least one line of argument involves the eternal return; he refers to it in the Die fröhliche Wissenschaft and Also sprach Zarathustra; most completely in his Notes on the ...
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2answers
120 views

Hardwired Features of Interpretation

Recently, I have been posting here, and it concerns mostly with metaphysics. So: Is interpretation a hardwired feature of the brain and person? So, when we see symbols, we AUTOMATICALLY identify ...
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144 views

Any evidence for the observer effect?

Is there any evidence for the observer effect, and could that be used to support some form of Idealism over a solely materialist view?
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1answer
71 views

Who is the analog of this character in Anathem?

Background: Some time ago, it was recommended that I read the book Anathem by Neal Stephenson. Since then I have read several others and reread this, my favorite by far. The central concepts of the ...
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4answers
180 views

Writing is never the same, yet we accept it as the same

Think about this: x When you Write it twice physically, 2x will for example, never look the same as 2x when you write it again. It will look similar, but NEVER the same. Yet we accept the same ...
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4answers
123 views

When is a simulation real?

My question is what makes something a simulation? Or more specifically, does intent matter for calling something a simulation? Consider the following: Case #1:a well-known xkcd http://xkcd.com/505/ ...
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72 views

Does phenomenology determine ontology?

There were many historical instances where phenomena could be explained by seemingly incompatible theories, Copernican and Ptolemaic systems, corpuscular and wave theories of light, interpretations of ...
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247 views

Doesn't slavery still exist? [closed]

In history slavery did exist in physical form. In those days common men were forced to serve the higher class because of lack of knowledge, wisdom and education; and in return what they got was a ...
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1answer
36 views

Abstractionism about Possible Worlds and the Contingently Non-Concrete

Concretists about possible worlds say that possible worlds are concrete entities (usually some kind of mereological sum of concrete individuals). Abstractionists say that worlds are abstract things: ...
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138 views

Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
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201 views

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics again?

How is Saul Kripke said to have revive metaphysics in analytic philosophy tradition again?
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1answer
74 views

Existence vs tertium non datur

This is my first question here, sorry if it turns out to be a duplicate. Mathematical constructivism states that contradicting the non-existence of something won't imply its existence. Does it mean ...
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1answer
128 views

How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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4answers
202 views

Are there real paradoxes?

Paradoxes arise in mathematics; a famous one being Russells; usually its taken as a sign that the theoretical ediface needs to change. The difficult question is how; for example Russell developed his ...
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Can there be cause and effect without time?

Our usual understanding of cause and effect operates tensely; that is in time. But consider a basic statement in some generic computer language: if x then y Is this in time? Well an actually ...
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110 views

What if what is possible follows from logic alone

Suppose that every imaginative variation [I don't mean this in any technical sense] of what is physically possible is necessarily possible: because what I can imagine follows from logic alone. ...
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Property Possibilism on the Cheap?

Call Property Possibilism the following claim: It is possible that something exemplifies a property without existing. In other words, property possibilists hold that existence is not necessary for ...
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3answers
114 views

Is there a limit on the intelligence of created beings

I'm looking for arguments/theories regarding this question: How far can a created being advance intellectually relative to the creator/environment. Let me elaborate: suppose there are some very ...
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Why should I believe my own conclusions?

Consider the metaphysical question of whether God exists (just as an example). There are, and have been throughout history, billions of atheists, billions of Christians, and billions of people with ...
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Is our Philosophy, the Human Philosophy, the only possible Philosophy which can exist?

What I'm asking is if is there any possibility for a Non-human Philosophy, that is, a Philosophy founded on questions which we can't even conceive. Is possible a Philosophy of questions which only can ...
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4answers
130 views

Is human exceptionalism justifiable?

This is syntactically a little awkward, but my question is: Is there some objective sense in which the differences, taken in sum, between humans and other animals are greater than the differences ...
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1answer
63 views

regarding the authority of past philosophy writers [closed]

If some madman who hates philosophy found a way to destroy all works of philosophy where-ever they exist in print or electronically stored so the only 'rememberences' of such work are 'with' a few ...
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2answers
110 views

Can a non-falsifiable belief ever be justified (besides for tautologies)?

Probably thanks to Popper, a scientific theory would never be taken seriously if it wasn't as least in some way falsifiable. Without getting into the nitty-gritty of the many theories of ...
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2answers
199 views

The Queerness Argument [closed]

I am looking for the best way to counter the Argument from Queerness by Mackie. Does anyone have a "standard" way to counter Mackie's argument? Is there an example which
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1answer
25 views

A metaphysical study on property, context, advantage and role?

Well, I understand this study can be too much complicated for daily life matters. However, I think it's worthwhile for technical domain if the definition and relationship among the concepts property, ...
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2answers
95 views

What would be considered ethical behavior if decision making was devoid of emotional attachment?

Would human behavior be more or less ethical if decision making was devoid of emotional attachment? There are many different philosophical systems that argue either for or against emotional ...
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3answers
145 views

Why are Free Will discussions always framed as a question of “free will” rather than “free choice” (of action)?

In debates or discussion regarding the question of whether or not human beings (or any other being) has the ability to decide for themselves what to do, the term invariably used is free will. However, ...
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Why does the universe obey scientific laws?

As far as anyone is aware, the universe consistently acts according to predictable laws (and scientific inquiry exists to determine those laws). Is there any metaphysical reason for this? Is such a ...
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3answers
124 views

Could a scientific unification theory and scientific method itself be misleading?

I aspire to one day be a scientist (specifically an astrophysicist) and I have been reading up on many novels (like those of Asimov) which look into the development of humanity. I know that our ...
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111 views

Abstract versus Concrete

Who drew the line between abstract/concrete and general/specific in the philosophy of language? Are there any comprehensive resources on the early history of their development specifically with ...