Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
25 views

It's impossble for time/reality to always have existed - is this an a priori fact? [on hold]

It seems to me blatantly obvious that reality can't always have existed. Causality 'flows' or 'points' only in one direction, in the sense that whether reality has always existed or something came ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Are there non-disproved proofs of God's existence? [on hold]

I encountered lots of "proofs" for the existence of God made by Leibniz, Gödel and others, but I was wondering if there are any that have not been disproved. Could you suggest any?
-4
votes
1answer
36 views

Do lack of worries or worries, decrease or increase philosophical thought? [closed]

Do people tend to get more epiphanies(eureka moments, definite solutions to problems) when in a calm worry-free state or in a worried state because of the need to change the situation.
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Why does philosophy exist?

If Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. As defined by Wikipedia. Then if ...
1
vote
3answers
104 views

How can “essentialism” ever make sense?

So, searching for J. L. Mackies "argument from queerness", I stumbled upon this blog entry. Now, Mr. Feser seems to be a quite... controversial figure, to say the least, but please let's resist the ...
3
votes
4answers
108 views

How do modern metaphysicians respond to Kant and Wittgenstein?

As far as I've understood, Kant argued that metaphysical knowledge is impossible because the human mind is not capable enough to acquire it. Wittgenstein, on the other hand, claimed that metaphysical ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Patterns and Computation

Suppose we are going to start a celullar automata and we are expecting some patterns to emerge. My question : Do the patterns exist before the computation and they gain form or get instantiated in ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Quine's “to be is to be the value of a bound variable”

Quine's definition "to be is to be the value of a bound variable" seems uncontroversial and in fact quite natural as it's compatible with modern approaches to the semantics of natural language. My ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Berkeley's idealist view of physical objects

Berkeley sees objects as a set of ideas. His strict view on objects allows for cases like his relativity of perception argument (where a bucket of water can be both warm and cold, one person can find ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Ontology and the Future

I know that we have no right to automatically discard claims that are not falsifiable, however i was curious as to whether some claims in Ontology could be falsifiable in the future. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Can Zenos paradox of motion be applied to a flashing blue light?

Zenos paradoxes of motion generally refer to actual motion through space; however for Aristotle this is motion in only one sense; an other sense could be alteration, for example change in shape and so ...
6
votes
5answers
228 views

Can we know the fundamental nature of space and time?

Can you please point me to an argument by a notable contemporary philosopher arguing why we may know the fundamental (metaphysical) nature of space and time? In a recent answer to a question I wrote ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

Sets and typical elements

In (computational) commonsense reasoning, so-called typical elements of sets are used (as described her). I understand why they are useful from the point of view of applied logic but what is their ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How does “is” work in contemporary ontology

Sorry for being really vague and throwing out a really dumb and stupid question, i just need some help understanding the following bit, which appeared after i started reading about Ontology. What ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What's the difference between 'things' and 'rules'? [closed]

As I understand the world - there are 'things' which are everything and 'rules' which modify them. An example I'll give is this - let's say I'm free-falling from a plane. Then a thing is my view of ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Which branch of philosophy (metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, etc…? ) does the question of properly defining life fall under?

Questions like: - Are viruses forms of life, or just very complex replicators? - Would a Von Neumann machine be considered alive? - Does life have to be organic? - Is reproduction a necessary ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Cheap ontology, expensive ontology and ontological commitment

In the book introduction to philosophy by william james earle, in the metaphysics chapter I couldn't understand those concepts clearly : Cheap ontology. Expensive ontology ontological commitment. ...
1
vote
3answers
126 views

Is it possible to prove the invalidity of logic without using logic?

Is it possible to validly invalidate logic without using logic? Mere assertion gives rise to the question, "How do you know?". At that point, you end up having to use logic to justify the thesis ...
2
votes
5answers
136 views

Is quantum physics based on language wordplay? [closed]

Sometimes I think that most of the Quantum Physics is deliberately complicated. For example, look at the Schrodinger's cat. Now I know that the cat represents various other complex phenomena for ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Why are French postmodern philosophers (like Baudrillard) so hard to read/understand?

I've read my fair share of philosophers. Now I won't say that proper philosophical texts are ever easy to understand, but it seems that French postmodern philosophers like Baudrillard are extremely ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is this description of “universal systems” with regards to Deconstruction valid?

EDIT : I have accepted an answer for the time being I have accepted an answer to this question. The answer and subsequent comments exchange has given me some more insight into my question. It does ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Can a priori principles be applied to deduce 'Principal Bundles' as principles in Modern Physics?

Kant supplied a priori arguments for Newtonian Physics in his Metaphysics of Natural Science Has something similar been done for Modern Physics; which in its geometrical intepretation are concieved ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Does everything have a cause/reason?

I was reading on arguments for the existence of God and came across the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) which describes that everything must have a sufficient cause/reason to exist. Looking at ...
6
votes
5answers
241 views

What is the purpose of answers to metaphysical questions?

Generally speaking, metaphysics seems to deal with questions that cannot be verified empirically, which are thus beyond the understanding of science. Because of this I'm wondering whether the answers ...
6
votes
4answers
212 views

“→” is the symbol for material implication. Is there such a thing as “immaterial implication”?

Why do we qualify "implication" with "material"? This seems to imply that there are other kinds of implication.
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

What exactly is a bare particular

I have been thinking about this, and wondered if: The being X of X is a bare particular. Is it? And can bare particulars (like, I am suggesting, the being X of X) ever change?
4
votes
3answers
103 views

Formal Modal Logic and Metaphysics

I have been reading some introductory metaphysics (Van Inwagen's book of the same name) and I encounter arguments using modal logic. I am unsure how to interpret these - the arguments (chapter 6 and ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Is Platonism a “religion”?

Having some general knowledge of Platon, and his ideas about the world of Ideas, could we consider his world of Ideas a divine world? Isn't that the same as the world of God? What makes religion ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Quote about sacred and profane thoughts

What is the name of the philosopher who said something about our thoughts roaming over things sacred and profane without a care for the morality of said thought? Any context would be appreciated.
2
votes
2answers
166 views

A Kantian view on modern physics

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on Immanuel Kant, in the section discussing the Critique of pure reason: In the Transcendental Analytic, the most crucial as well as the most ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

If “God didn't play dice”, would that imply superdeterminism?

Einstein had this famous "God doesn't play dice" because he don't like the inherent randomness appearing in quantum-mechanics. If Einstein was right and nothing happens randomly, would that mean that ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Can the Void have Being?

On the face of it no; and affirmed by Parmenides as that what is not, is not. However, consider a particle in spacetime with no forces acting on it: thus it moves in a straight line (geodesic) when ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Is the idea of a multiverse considered metaphysics? [duplicate]

I know that metaphysics has to do with the fundamental nature of reality. I am just not sure if a multiverse is considered fundamental
8
votes
1answer
99 views

Is transubstantiation faithfully Aristotelian?

Transubstantiation is a concept that Roman Catholic scholastics, most notably Thomas Aquinas, developed for the doctrine of Communion. Catholics state that when a priest blesses the elements of bread ...
-1
votes
4answers
109 views

Would a clone of myself be a different person than myself? [closed]

don't know if anyone will read this, but just a random thought I had: Try to imagine the following: you wake up in a hospital bed, with no recollection of how you got there. You look over at the bed ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Precedent for the idea of superluminal choice

What might happen were the speed of light to be exceeded is a subject of hot debate in the philosophy of modern physics. Therefore, this is of interest to philosophy. The most straight-forward way I ...
-1
votes
2answers
133 views

“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
-1
votes
2answers
78 views

Is to understand the nature of time considered metaphysics? [closed]

I am writing an essay and I mentioned how I had a love of philosophy from a young age this is what I said: As I got older it became more complex and was Metaphysics based. When I was 10 I came up ...
3
votes
3answers
63 views

Who did Heidegger consider as the thinkers of Being in Antiquity?

Following this question; and in fact the answer by Ram T. I understand that Heidegger was interested in Heraclitus, and this by way of Holderlin; further, there are as far as I understand, a number ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Mass and Density in De Rerum Natura

Lucretious poem, De Rerum Natura has the following: Again, why see we among objects some Of heavier weight, but of no bulkier size? Indeed, if in a ball of wool there be As much of ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

field concept - historical and contemporay perspectives?

Can someone give me some reference (or insight) on the development of the field concept in physics. In particularly, the period between 17th century Newton/Leibniz notion of force/action-at-distance ...
5
votes
3answers
146 views

What is the meaning of Spinoza's first three definitions?

I've just started reading Spinoza's Ethics and I'd like to have delucidations about his first three definitions. Definition one: By that which is self-caused, I mean that of which the essence ...
1
vote
2answers
274 views

What do necessity and possibility mean in Aquinas' Third Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' Third Way, the argument from contigency: The ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

When talking about philosophical realism, how do philosophers define objects and their forms?

Poorly versed in philosophical ideas, but I'm trying to get a grasp on some concepts discussed in The Last Superstition (2010), a polemical book on religion/theism by Edward Feser that an acquaintance ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is extension in Spinoza?

I assumed that extension in Spinoza, means the geometrisation of the phenomenal world; but possibly - probably this is wrong. After all, how does one geometrise something like matter? (There is, in ...
1
vote
3answers
97 views

Is it possible to measure speed directly?

Speed is defined as 'change of distance' over 'change of time'. As an equation it is 'v=(s2-s1)/(t2-t1). In this equation speed is a derived notion from the 'extensions' (in Spinozas language) of ...
2
votes
4answers
127 views

Is time neccessarily excluded from mathematical platonism?

That time is unreal has been an observation of objective physics since Newtons time, and more paramountly since Einstein; and its most outspoken partisan, now, is Julian Barbour. Its also been argued ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Tegmark conscious matter, Lucretious atoms of anima and qualia

Tegmark in his paper, Consciousness as a state of matter appears as something as an outlier in the physics and philosophy literature in that he designates consciousness as a state of matter. But this ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

Dual of identity relation?

Does anyone have any intuitions about what the dual of the identity relation might be? I.e. is there a 'natural' concept expressed by a statement such as 'it is not the case that a is not identical to ...