Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is supposed to answer the question "What is the nature of reality?"

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Unity is more fundamental than synthesis

Unity is more fundamental than synthesis, since it is a component of the concept of a unified manifold, which is what synthesis brings about. The unity presupposed by synthesis is not the category ...
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Can one be a Modal Realist without also having to incorporate the existence of impossible worlds?

I know Modal Realism well enough itself, and have read many of the objections (and subsequent responses) that David Lewis himself took up in relation to the philosophical position. My question is, do ...
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How do I figure out how to program a program that will figure out how nothingness couldn't exist and thus created the first event? [on hold]

Assume that there was a first event and before the first event there was nothingness. I already have an idea of how it would work and proof that there was nothing before the first event here
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What is a Pokeball? [closed]

On the surface, it's a white-and-red ball used to house a monster, as energy, for the purpose of collection (as in bug collection) and organized fighting. Pokemon themselves are manifestations of ...
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Is Metaphysics void? [closed]

The Nous of the Universe cannot be found within our experience.. The Nous of the Universe cannot be found within our perception of experience. If we define the experience of "this-which-I-am" as ...
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Aristotelian Argument Against Theory of Forms

I'm new to philosophical studies, my background is in mathematics. I've just read some of Aristotle's Metaphysics today, and would like critique on a brief argument I wrote against Plato's Forms ...
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Philosophy of omnipotent

Omnipotence paradox a great challenge to logicians for decades, does Tipler's omega point theory resolves it? does it really turn a mundane into god?
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42 views

Philosophy of weirdness [closed]

I have curiosity to know is there any probability that superheroes exist. So my question is, If "many worlds theory" is proven does that mean all superheroes would exist?
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Is there a loophole in Kitcher's argument for the inadequacy of the law of association?

In Kant's Transcendental Psychology (hereafter, KTP), Patricia Kitcher gives an insightful argument for the inadequacy of the law of association, which she asserts was Hume's primary explanation for ...
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How can there be idealism without God?

In Berkeley's idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist. How can we then explain the ...
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Fault in Leibniz's counter argument to Absolute Space

Melamed and Lin contend that for Leibniz, Leibniz thinks that space and time cannot be substances or anything else absolute and must ultimately be a system of relations that obtain between bodies. ...
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How can something non-physical exist?

One sees arguments for the existence of non-physical entities such as God, qualia, Plato's forms, objective ethical truths, etc... But what does it mean for something non-physical to exist? It ...
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Do the future and the past exist?

It is not very odd in spiritual teachings to deny the existence of the future and the past, there is only 'now'. But are there philosophers who also denied the existence of the future and past? It ...
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Derrida's “Strategic Bet”

I was wondering if anyone could help me understand what Derrida's "Strategic Bet” is? (from his “Ends of Man”). And also, how do the alternatives in the bet define deconstruction?
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61 views

A discrete time: impact on philosophical aspects

Time is a major topic in philosophy. I wonder if there are philosophical works that have digged into the possibilities and impacts of discrete time instants. Present theories in physics suggest that ...
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Is it possible to prove that time-passing is an illusion? If so how?

There is time as an interval between two events but you could also state that time itself has a certain duration (it passes). Now in physics it is not always very common to see time as something that ...
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36 views

Can different varieties of modality be used with existential quantification?

I'm wondering if it makes sense to talk about worlds which aren't this one being real. It seems like you can claim that something possibly exists. Now I'm wondering, because it seems to amount to ...
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77 views

Heidegger's idea about 'being'

I was reading Heidegger's Basic Concepts and came across the following quote: "the casting-toward of being and the casting away of being are equally essential" (P. 75) I do understand that only ...
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If metaphysical grounding of beliefs is not necessary what is to logically compel one to believe anything?

'Grounding' is the notion that 'because of X, Y', X being the reason one can accept Y beyond pragmatic considerations. In this way, X and Y are analogous to cause and effect respectively. If it is ...
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Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
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Something that has an end must have a beginning?

In ancient Hebrew book (http://dafyomireview.com/article.php?docid=398#ch5) dealing with logical proof of creation of the world. The following premise is established PROOF OF SECOND PREMISE - ...
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90 views

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

At an everyday level, we seem to subscribe to a from of strong realism which doesn't leave any room for skepticism. We are certain that individuals who hear voices in their heads or who have ...
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How does a realist account for causation between universals and particulars?

With respect to universals nominalists maintain that there are no universals and only particulars exists. Conversely, realists says that there are universals. Here is a sketch of an argument against ...
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Is the claim that atheism is the null hypothesis invalid because it applies a physical measurement to the metaphysical?

I've heard several people state that: Atheism is the null hypothesis. ie that this null hypothesis can be falsified: if one piece of evidence is found to contradict it, the existence is considered ...
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How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
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Can one be a reductionist without being a materialist?

I always assumed that reductionism was an inherently materialist/physicalist point of view: If one believed that everything can be reduced to the fundamental laws of physics, then by implication, they ...
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Why may I considere Wittgenstein a Kantian thinker with regard to metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is a Kantian philosopher as far as the structure of the Tractatus, as far as the last part (section 6 and comments) are concerned with: that I cannot speak about the subject in the ...
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What kind of philosophical questions are transcendental philosophical questions?

There are a lot of different philosophical questions and I'm interested in knowing what kind of questions are asked in or what kind of questions does transcendental philosophy try to answer. I've ...
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How Can the Unobservable be Verified?

Empirical evaluations and judgments concerning the observable world (e.g. whether or not I'm eating a watermelon right now) are evidently verifiable; you can confirm that I am indeed eating a ...
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71 views

Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
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Aristotle's efficient causes: How can they make sense?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: [...] ...
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What are some real-life applications of metaphysics?

Metaphysics seems to be a field that is almost purely abstract. However, I am also interested in knowing how metaphysics has impacted the real world, if at all.
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Aristotle's material causes: How deep should we go?

In the article "Aristotle on Causality" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we read: Here Aristotle recognizes four types of things that can be given in answer to a why-question: ...
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Arguments for determinism

Has any well-known philosopher tried to "prove" that determinism is true? This means, has anybody given a metaphysical argument for the necessary truth of determinism? I searched for examples, but ...
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What is the relation between grounding and emergence in philosophy of science?

So, I am wondering if anyone could help me with the notions of grounding and emergence in the modern discussions in philosophy of science. What are they and what is the relation between them? Any ...
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Can a physicist say why there is something rather than nothing? [closed]

Can a physicist say why there is something rather than nothing? And so what if they can't? If you are Heidegger please do be very sophisticated (i.e. contemporary)
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Aristotle's example of the material cause of a syllable

When Aristotle gives the example that the letters of a syllable are the material cause of the syllable, what does he mean by "syllable"? IMPORTANT: Imagine the following is written on a real physical ...
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Did Plato explain how the first soul acquired all the Forms?

Source: pp 6-7, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Sharon Kaye. Many Eastern religions teach the doctrine of the transmigration of souls, according to which the soul never really ...
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How can opposing policies under the Particular-Universal Dualism still function well together?

Source: pp 167-168, Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (2010, 2 ed) by Kenneth J. Vandevelde. Can someone please explain and demystify (make more intuitive) the paradox per ...
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What cannot Particulars be just groups of properties?

[Source:] This prompts some philosophers to ditch the entire idea of a particular as something distinct from the properties of a thing. Remember that the standard way of understanding particulars ...
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what is the difference between classical political philosophy and modern political philosophy?

I'd like to know the major changes that happened that lead to the change in thought, and what veered modern political philosophy away from the concept of city and man to the concept of natural science ...
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Can you feel a feeling you don't know about? Could it affect your emotions?

So, do you believe someone can feel lonely if they don't know what loneliness is? Don't you think people don't like / like loneliness based on experience (someone who never gets to be alone usually ...
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What is the relation between transcendence and politics?

I read Schall's essay on transcendence and political philosophy . Being a novice to political philosophy I am quite confused on his views.
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Aristotle's Metaphysics

I have been studying Aristotle's Metaphysics and his definition of "coming to be" and "being" and with my limited knowledge I have tried to contrast his ideas to Plato's, so as to make sense of ...
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Can there be an infinite regress of Creators?

One of the replies to the argument from first cause for the universe being created by God is that there is no apriori reason against there simply being an infinite number of causes, or an infinite ...
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Why did only science and religion became widespread instead of magic? [closed]

and why is only science reproducible enough to be demonstrated to others at will? ========================== The books Harry Potter and the TV series The Librarian opened my curiosity to the 3rd ...
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What's the relationship between good will and duty?

I'm writing an essay about the relationship between good will and duty, using an excerpt from Immanuel Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I find the subject very interesting, but I'm ...
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Does physical cosmology imply ontological dualism?

This question has to do with scientific claims about the universe and could be asked in a number of ways. To my own very imperfect understanding, claims about "the universe" cannot be scientific ...
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Question About The Purpose of Life [closed]

I’m not well read on philosophy, but often think about what you could call philosophical issues, such as the purpose of life and what it means to be good etc. I’ve been pondering one idea around the ...
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How can the physical world be an abstract mathematical structure?

This is Tegmark's short formulation of the "mathematical universe" (paraphrased by detractors as "reality made of math"), and he goes out of his way to stress that he means the "is" literally:"Whereas ...