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8
votes
7answers
260 views

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Which mental features resist naturalization the most and why?

According to contemporary philosophy and cognitive science which mental features resist naturalization the most and why? By mental features I mean something like qualia, consciousness, mental ...
1
vote
3answers
189 views

Is philosophical naturalism circular reasoning?

I'm a steadfast proponent of science and logic, but it's been occurring to me lately that this belief in the veracity of science may be just that, a belief---no different than a theist's beliefs in ...
-3
votes
3answers
120 views

Do I need to implicitly or explicitly have a value to rationally claim that I 'ought to do something'?

I use Humes idea about the 'is..ought to gap' (or my spin on it) mainly to make sure I have good reasons for what I do -and what I advise others to do- and to make sure actions are not based purely on ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What does it mean for a naturalist to claim that forces/actions “exist”?

tl;dr: How can forces (e.g. gravity) be said to "exist" or be true ? I've had this question for so long, I assume it stems from a basic misunderstanding about naturalism or metaphysics, so please set ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

How do metaphysical naturalists approach ethics?

I am wondering about traditions of ethics which might incorporate naturalism or skepticism. As far as I understand, the Academic Skeptics, in particular Carneades and Cicero, held that there was no ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism?

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism, if any? I see definitions of naturalism that say, in effect, it is the belief that there is no supernatural. But what is the supernatural ...
10
votes
2answers
208 views

Adequate Animal Housing and the Naturalistic Fallacy

Many animal rights activists claim that adequate animal housing should be geared towards the natural environment of animals. For example, they claim that monkeys should be not kept within human's ...