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1answer
23 views

What is Brandom's notion of implicitness?

Robert Brandom seems to have a very distinct notion of implicitness when he says things like: For while that vocabulary is not itself descriptive vocabulary, its use is implicit in the use of ...
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2answers
61 views

How do social sciences today tend to see the contributions of biology and other natural sciences? [closed]

The old debate "nature" vs. "nurture" has given space to a new debate between "natural sciences" vs. "postmodernism" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_wars, ...
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2answers
47 views

Does Priority (way of solving problem) come from Natural selection philosophy? [closed]

I know that Natural selection Philosophy was introduced by Charles Darwin, who came from the West. I am from the East. When I first came to Western countries to study finance, computer, business..., I ...
0
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1answer
89 views

How can one derive naturalistic moral principles without referencing utility?

When considering the derivation of moral principles from a naturalistic point of view, it would seem to me that moral statements can only be conceived of in one way. That is, if we are trying to make ...
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7answers
393 views

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
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1answer
85 views

Which mental features resist naturalization the most and why?

According to contemporary philosophy and cognitive science which mental features resist naturalization the most and why? By mental features I mean something like qualia, consciousness, mental ...
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3answers
366 views

Is philosophical naturalism circular reasoning?

I'm a steadfast proponent of science and logic, but it's been occurring to me lately that this belief in the veracity of science may be just that, a belief---no different than a theist's beliefs in ...
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3answers
138 views

Do I need to implicitly or explicitly have a value to rationally claim that I 'ought to do something'?

I use Humes idea about the 'is..ought to gap' (or my spin on it) mainly to make sure I have good reasons for what I do -and what I advise others to do- and to make sure actions are not based purely on ...
3
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1answer
114 views

What does it mean for a naturalist to claim that forces/actions “exist”?

tl;dr: How can forces (e.g. gravity) be said to "exist" or be true ? I've had this question for so long, I assume it stems from a basic misunderstanding about naturalism or metaphysics, so please set ...
3
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2answers
236 views

How do metaphysical naturalists approach ethics?

I am wondering about traditions of ethics which might incorporate naturalism or skepticism. As far as I understand, the Academic Skeptics, in particular Carneades and Cicero, held that there was no ...
12
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3answers
5k views

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism?

What is the difference between naturalism and materialism, if any? I see definitions of naturalism that say, in effect, it is the belief that there is no supernatural. But what is the supernatural ...
10
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2answers
233 views

Adequate Animal Housing and the Naturalistic Fallacy

Many animal rights activists claim that adequate animal housing should be geared towards the natural environment of animals. For example, they claim that monkeys should be not kept within human's ...