Ontology is the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
42 views

Platonic form of existence

I was reading that the platonic forms have the following principles 1. Commonality 2. Separation 3. Self-Predication 4. Purity 5. Uniqueness 6. Sublimity But if there is a Platonic form ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

About Godel and philosophy [closed]

Does Godel's Inconsistency Theorem show no system (that can represent logic and arithmetic 'within' itself) can use some type of logic in order to 'prove' somehow its logic is consistent? If so what ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Badiou, Deicide & the return of the Transcendent

Badious philosophy is predicated on Set Theory, in its incarnation as the materialist set theory ZFC. He calls mathematics the very site of ontology. Nietszche famously declared the death of God (in ...
6
votes
4answers
179 views

On speaking of 'apparently' non-physical things

Something has really been bugging me lately. Bare in mind I haven't really studied any Philosophy of Mind, but I currently accept that only the physical exists. It comes as being something very ...
-1
votes
4answers
116 views

The selfless gene

Richard Dawkins, in a fine bit of rhetoric in his book the selfish gene, asserts that from one perspective, that our bodies are merely the means by which genes reproduce themselves. We are mortal, but ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Whats the philosophical originary thought for the empirical category of the wave?

Atoms, as is well known, was originated by Democritus to fend of Parmenides challenge of an unchangeable, eternal one. The other large category of thought in modern physics is that of the wave. ...
4
votes
4answers
174 views

Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian & Islamic thought the universe is created, and this is taken that the universe had a definite beginning; philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we to ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Qs about interpretations on Parmenides's claim

Parmenides's classic claim is that what does not exist cannot be thought about. (It has been read as a claim that every truth-bearer must have a truth-maker, since otherwise the truth-bearer is not ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

What are the Main Objections to Being and Nothingness?

I am currently in the process of reading Being and Nothingness. In the interest of getting through it, I have not been fully challenging Sartre's theory as I go along. Can someone point to the main ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

Contradiction, and the Being and Becoming of Mathematics

Mathematics is rife with contradictions, is shot through with them: the fault-lines lie where theories collide, fade or open up. Does this disturb the incarnation of mathematics - the Ideal ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Is a couple living in symbiosis?

I think the answer is yes. Since male and female can live on their own. But for the sake of reproduction and child rearing some form of symbiosis can develop.
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Who is inside and outside the bubble? [closed]

Are some people 'inside the bubble' ie. non thinking and sheep like and other people 'outside the bubble' with self awareness and well developed consciousness? If so is there a way of defining the ...
6
votes
5answers
210 views

Do all objects have properties?

Assumption: An object has no properties. I can think of that object as an object with the property that it has no properties, but this is a contradiction to my assumption. Hence all thinkable objects ...
5
votes
6answers
193 views

How does an Immaterial being interact with the material realm?

By what means would an immaterial being(assuming such a thing exists) create or do things in the material realm? Is this an impossible activity? So philosophically, I'm asking how would one solve the ...
2
votes
4answers
246 views

Existence of God

In this days I'm following an interesting scientific TV program and yesterday I watched an interview of Stephen Hawking. He was arguing about the existence of God saying that God does not exist since ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Can we have Ethics without Ontology?

Just finished reading Ethics without Ontology (2004) by Harvard professor Hilary Putnam where he argues for a pragmatic pluralism, conceptual relativity, and the obligations to recognize and resist ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

How could a prophet prove its authenticity?

In the event of an existing god wanting to deliver a message to mankind and choosing one person for it, how could this person prove, if possible, that he speaks in the name of God? Edit: Please note ...
4
votes
3answers
180 views

Eastern philosophy for a Western audience

I have been listening to and reading a lot of Alan Watts material on Eastern philosophy which I find to be greatly edifying literature. I am having difficulty finding information on who is currently ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Why are human beings and their creations not considered “nature” or “natural”?

I read about how the human being is nature nature (which it is), about global warming (which can be a myth), the production of certain commodities (oil, sugar, PET bottles, glass) etc. I was ...
9
votes
7answers
369 views

Does Santa Claus exist?

Consider the following reasons why the answer could be "yes": Plato-ish: The Santa Clauses in the children's minds, as well as the Santa Clauses you meet in the malls are the projections of the Santa ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

If there is life, then there is more complex life as well?

Researchers in Switzerland have developed an Altruism algorithm that shows how altruism in a swarm of entities can, over time, evolve and result in more effective swarm behaviour. For an ant colony, ...
0
votes
4answers
104 views

Is a pile of ants a, more or less, intelligent being?

Due to the definition of life an ant colony acts and reacts like a life form. There is even a "Ant colony optimization" Example Algorithm... Does this mean that the whole pile of ants, not its ...
0
votes
4answers
157 views

Is our existence perfect?

The definition of "Perfect" is having all of the required or desirable elements, qualities, or characteristics. Simply put, when something is perfect, it is as good as it can possibly be. ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Objective qualia definition

I thought of an, as I think, objective definition of qualia which is this: In any material (= physical) system a quale is defined by a boundary from the containing universe and with a negative ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Logics Epistemology: Can Maths and physics meet in one point

Is logics (logic rules, arithmetic and logic inference) universe-dependent or not. In other words: are logic rules ultimately physical laws of the universe (as gravity, quantum laws and ...
1
vote
3answers
184 views

Gödel's ontological proof and the incompleteness theorem

In Gödel's ontological proof, he concludes: "necessarily, God exists" (Theorem 4) Does Gödel's second incompleteness theorem apply to this proof?
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Reference request: the Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara

The Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara is the commentary by Śaṅkara of the Brahma-Sûtra. Śaṅkara was one of the greatest Hindu philosopher. The Brahma-Sûtra is one the greatest text on ontology of the ...
2
votes
5answers
267 views

Is it possible to justify any purpose in life?

A long time ago I've come to believe that there is no inherent purpose for existence, that is, we can't find any single "unifying" goal of living. So - I thought - we all have to find a purpose for ...
-4
votes
2answers
257 views

Relationship between epistemology and ontology [closed]

In what domain do questions about the nature of knowledge fall epistemology or ontology? How do you distinguish the two fields?
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Blue Plane vs Pink Plane - existing philosophical category?

In The Act of Creation (Arkana) 1964, Arkana Reissue Edition, Paperback, ISBN 0140191917 by Arthur Koestler he sets up a Contrast between the Pink Plane and the Blue Plane. In it he describes the ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Are there foundational theories of mathematics without constants?

One of the simplest useful axiomatic system in mathematics is the Peano Axioms for the natural numbers. Notably it has only a single constant (the number zero). One might suppose that one can do away ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Is there someone defending “aristotelic” existence conditions of universals besides (maybe) Aristotle?

I read quite regularly about Aristotle holding (more or less) the following position: Universals (properties, kinds, ...) exist iff (or: when and only when) they are instantiated. So for example "man ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Can something come out of nothing or not? Why?

In our current state of affairs it is safe and reasonable to assume something exists - be it a universe, pure conciousness, illusion or other designations. If some readers nevertheless assume ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Concerning the meaning of “ontological category”

There are nominalists concerning abstract objects, i. e. they think that only concrete things exist. (Assuming the abstract/concrete distinction is exhaustive) Is it inconsistent with such a ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Perspectives on the nature of imaginary things?

I work in the field of information systems and cultural heritage. A significant part of my work is related to the description of things that are of interest to cultural heritage specialists such as ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

Principle of universal connection

I am looking for reflections related to relationships between things, connections, interconnections, in the context of understanding/explaining the essence of things (e.g, in the field of ontology). ...
4
votes
4answers
372 views

Does something require its opposite in order to be defined?

A long time ago, I read a book that started with "In the beginning there was nothing. But in order for nothing to exist, there has to be something which defines it as such.". Assuming it's true, and ...
1
vote
0answers
276 views

Epistemological vs. Ontological claims

I'm taking an introductory philosophy course and I find it fascinating. I can't really figure out an assignment though (I'm a bit foggy on what the difference between ontological and epistemological ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Can observers be particles?

Generally Quantum mechanics divides a system into what is to be observed and an observer. This is usually taken to be some macroscopic measuring device (sometimes taken to be some human being in ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Is there a finitistic set theory, and if there is, is it provably consistent?

ZFC is the mainstream set theory. It has an axiom of infinity which claims that there is at least one infinite set. Now suppose like Aristotle, we object and say that there are no actually infinites ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Is a void where the laws of physics hold actually a void?

I don't have much background in Cosmology, but an argument I've heard is that the universe sprang into existence from the void via a quantum fluctuation. That is both spacetime & its matter/energy ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

The importance of a state without a prior state?

Does the existence of a state with no prior time throw models we use for explaining the existing universe for a loop? Or does it even matter?
5
votes
3answers
77 views

What state(s) (is/are) the next state of the universe dependant on?

Is the next state of the universe only dependent on the current state or is every state before the future have some play on the future state? (other than forming the states between them and the ...
3
votes
4answers
231 views

Why do fictional characters not exemplify properties?

I recently read about encoding and exemplifying. From what I understand - Detective Smith (a real person) exemplifies detectiveness, but Sherlock Homes does not. Sherlock Homes isn't real - and ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Are electron fields physically real?

Although atoms had been discussed since antiquity as a theory of matter it was only at the beginning of the 20th century that convincing evidence was found, through brownian motion - in fact this was ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What is the distinction between individuals and particulars?

I'm reading about properties. I'm having a hard time distinguishing between individuals and particulars, as they relate to universals. A precise definition of both would be helpful. Thank you.
-1
votes
1answer
111 views

are fundamental questions like “cogito ergo sum” even provable? [closed]

The rationalist descartian position states that everything can be doubted except doubt itself. With the phrase "cogito ergo sum" it claims to establish the existence of one ones existence, if i did ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Have phenomenologists considered poetic subjectivities in their investigation of things-for-us?

Dylan Thomas the late Welsh poet said: “A good poem helps to change the shape and significance of the universe, helps to extend everyone's knowledge of himself and the world around him.” ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

What is the essential something that Heidegger suggests that philosophers can learn from poetry?

In this transcript of a conversation between Simon Critchley & Badiou on Badiou's book Being and Event, Badiou states: And after that, I have also to understand why there is in modern times a ...
3
votes
1answer
318 views

What is the difference between Derrida's Deconstruction and Heidegger's Destruktion?

Derrida's deconstruction, as far as I understand it, is to critically examine values as embodied in binary situations like signifier and signified where there is an implicit hierarchy of value - one ...