Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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How many minds operate at once? [on hold]

I am constantly trying to figure out a question that itches me all the time - besides our consciousness and subconsciousness operating in conjunction is there any other mind? A super mind? We must ...
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How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
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Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
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Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
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fMRI prediction on decision making and implications on taking credit

First some context. There's a well known study, which has been replicated and conclusive about the results, that shows that some decision are made some seconds before the person is conscious about ...
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Is knowledge a form of energy? [closed]

To better describe my question, do the following experiment: Calculate x=12+26+67+71 Now you might have spent some time in getting the answer. You burnt sugar, you used up energy to get the ...
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Can the existance of consciousness be proven by refering to it?

First question here. I'm new to Philosophy and I'm wondering if it is a correct thing to say "I can prove my consciousness (to myself) by referring to it"? This came up in my philosophy class. ...
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Who is really the father of Mind

Do we need to continuously refer to Descartes as the father of the mind, or is there another candidate predating him who may be more qualified and allow for better conclusions to be derived on the ...
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“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
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How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
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183 views

Is “mental illness” really a disease, an illness?

Or is it more like a character flaw we're not responsible for. I have read a bit on this, Szasz, some of the critical people, who I do not claim to be be representing except with the broadest ...
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In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
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Dreaming and Awakening: Both False?

Please pardon my layman's language as I am not a student of philosophy. I was talking to a friend who has read Advaita Philosophy of Shankara in-depth. He iterated the fundamental theory of this ...
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Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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What is the definition for “Peace of Mind”? [closed]

The definition for "Peace of Mind" has always been somehow unclear to me. Is there even a clear definition for it? Or is it just subjective?
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Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
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Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
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Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...
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What is going in our mind if we can not apply previous successes to current situations?

I'm not sure if this question would rather fall under the term psychology, but since there isn't yet a psychology SE forum, I hope it meets this site's criteria. Situation: I begin to tackle a new ...
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How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
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74 views

Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
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Overcoming procrastination & the fear of making decision.

I wanted to know any philosopher who addresses procrastination. & who deals with the overcoming fears such as decision making ? Much appreciated.
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How to know the exact meaning of the word? [closed]

I was wondering that sometimes I have feelings that doesn't mean fear but when I describe that feeling to my friends they said this is fear , Can we define exact meaning for each feeling ? for example ...
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What could be a neural correlate for attending the phenomenal nature of experience?

This is probably a question for non-materialists. I think I have heard the opinion that for anything of which we are phenomenally conscious there exists a neural correlate. For example, If I am ...
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2answers
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If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

[I went and wrote a long answer to a question that was in the interim deleted, so rather than waste that, I thought I'd do my best to reproduce it here. Credit to Micheal Lee for the original, some ...
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What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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Should I be content with short-term happiness and avoid thinking about long-term concerns?

I am very happy, if judged from a third-party perspective. I have absolutely no problems related to relationships, behaviour, health, finance, knowledge, etc. In fact, lately, I've been getting ...
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How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
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What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
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Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
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40 views

What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
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Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
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Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
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About a great canadian neurosurgeon

Wilder Graves Penfied was a pioneering Neurosurgeon dealing with the brain, who had thought till his death about consciousness and the mind and whether the human soul exists. Did he write about ...
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What exactly are the reasons for “the road of excess leads to the palace of wisdom?”

Empirical facts seem to support this connection: the Greeks were anything but modest, and among the Greeks, the Athenians were the most extravagant. I wonder what exactly are the reasons behind this ...
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Why is knowing not a mental state? [closed]

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But ...
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About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...
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Are humans capable of thinking of a series of random numbers? [duplicate]

I read in a book today ( the computer music tutorial by curtis roads), that humans are not capable of imagining any long series of truly random numbers. Apparently, the only way to generate a series ...
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158 views

If qualia are “something extra” to explain, isn't it weird that the brain produces speech about qualia?

This question is mainly directed at people who are firm physicalists (as opposed to dualists) but still think qualia are "something extra to be explained". I believe Searle and Chalmers both fall into ...
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Is imagination limited to what we have already perceived with our five senses?

Is it possible to imagine something that is not a combination of what we have already perceived with any of our five senses? I mean, was it possible for humans to think of flying if there were no ...
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Why is it necessary to survive?

Why is it necessary to survive ? Every living thing, every single living thing on earth evolves in a way to survive, actually if it wasn't for this motive of survival, no living thing would actually ...
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What is it like to be happy?

I accept that pain is a quale, or qualia. But does anyone suggest that happiness and sadness, aren't - that someone who has never been happy doesn't learn what happiness is by being happy, that we ...
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Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
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How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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518 views

Why do people believe a turing machine can be fully conscious?

In his book Consciousness Explained Dennett writes "Anyone or anything that has such a virtual machine as its control system is conscious in the fullest sense" [p281] referring to a Joycean machine ...
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Which child is braver?

I recently brought a cockatiel home. Of my two daughters, one is afraid of the bird and the other constantly wants to hold and play with it. When the bird is flying in the house, the afraid daughter ...
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Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
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If many people show positivity, is that irrefutable proof of no negativity?

I want to know how we can analyze the number of preferences versus lack of preferences, or dislikes versus likes, and determine if the balance or lack thereof signifies a truly positive affirmation or ...