Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-1
votes
2answers
34 views

Our actions and our will [on hold]

Do we really have control over our actions? Is it nature , evolution or our self perseption about world or any other thing which control our decisions and actions?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Are philosophical zombies possible? [on hold]

Please check out this video explaining the problem of other minds and the possibility of philosophical zombies! like it if possible :D https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07JM_8AQ6WA
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Is it a better compliment to be called someone's strength or his weakness? [on hold]

Are you dearer to a person if you are his strength or his weakness? While being someone's strength means you give the person hope and motivation, and are thus definitely liked by him, being ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

What's the problem with physicalism in philosophy of mind?

It seems that physicalism and functionalism in philosophy of mind has fallen out of popularity and into much criticism. I haven't delved too deeply into the literature, but I find it somewhat strange ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the significance of Wittgenstein's discussion of sensations before the private language argument?

In Philosophical Investigations 244-254, before talking about private signs, Wittgenstein is talking about sensations. He seems to divide this section into addressing in what way words refer to ...
6
votes
2answers
104 views

Understanding Sellars' The Myth of the Given rigorously

I understand the general view presented by Sellars in "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind". Yet, I can't get rigorously convinced. The main point is shown in part XIII, specifically in section 35. ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Does having free will presuppose consciousness?

Philosophical zombies may lack a consciousness, but does this preclude the ability to have a free will? Why does consciousness matter, for agency, if at all, if determinism is real? (I've framed the ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Does unconsciousness exist? Do we have sufficient warrant to believe consciousness is interruptible?

I posted this question on Reddit's /r/AskPhilosophy sub, but didn't receive much of a response. Hoping you guys can help. As I see it, there are two versions to the claim that consciousness is ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

Do qualia have an evolutionary purpose? (assuming they exist)

Do qualia have an evolutionary function, and if so what is it? Could qualia help us solve problems that Turing machines can't solve? Could qualia help us solve problems faster than normal computers? ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is it intellectually dishonest for an atheist to become a Freemason

Concern I am debating the merits of becoming a Freemason. My interest is primarily out of curiosity, and finding a social group to join that isn't a gun club or church group. Not that I don't enjoy ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Do we not exist when we don't think, according to Descartes? Or are we continuously thinking?

Descartes teached that because he thinks therefor he is. But did he tell something about the question whether there are gaps between thoughts? So probably we could not exist between those gaps? Or ...
2
votes
3answers
130 views

Can anything be declared as fact?

Every fact we attempt to prove relies on information interpreted by our brains, which it recieves as electrical impulses. Apart from this information we have no way of confirming whether the reality ...
7
votes
2answers
93 views

In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Is laziness and sloth a behavioural problem only?

I'd perhaps be better off asking on cogsci stackexchange. But, can laziness and sloth be a behavioural problem only? Or does it always implicate a cognitive / affective deficiency? Given that the ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

Was indeterminacy of linguistic meaning, as understood by Quine, anticipated by the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition?

Quine held that the meaning of words was indeterminate. The reasons he holds this view all seem to have in common a certain aspect; the indeterminacy that occurs occurs within what might be called ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Does Epictetus State “Only One Cause Motivates Us”, Or “One Cause More than Others”?

1. Question: From Epictetus, Discourses, 1.11, (Perseus English Link): Is Epictetus implying there is only ever just one cause for our actions? Or, is Epictetus arguing there is one cause which ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

What would non-reductive physicalists say about the mind and teleportation?

Non-reductive physicalists have a view in dualism that creates an idea of mental properties that can be mapped to neurobiological properties, but said mental properties are not ontologically reduced ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Do alternative theories of self eventually dissolve into either the substance theory or the bundle theory?

It seems upon first glance that attitudes towards the existence of the self must either be defending the notion that it exists in its own right as a real thing imbued with sensible and rational power ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Can the correspondence theory of truth really be completely avoided?

Let us assume that 'truth' is a construct of the human mind. In this case truth is defined as some product of the mind's 'verification', and nothing else. What 'makes' a statement true is simply the ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

The mind-body problem in antiquity and the middle ages

In a sense the mind-body problem is in reality a whole set of problems which are all based on an alleged insurmountable difference between the mental and the physical. But this question is about the ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

How to judge ethically? [closed]

In my opinion the correct way on approaching a person which is doing something wrong is to judge their behavior, rather than them as a person. Compare for instance: Option A: John you are an absolute ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What Qualifies Sentience?

If there is a non-sentient being, (e.g. A Non-Player Character in a video game), who understands what sentience is, and is aware that they are not sentient, does that make them, in fact, sentient? ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is an active principle of the mind necesarry for the existence of error?

Error might be defined as a disagreement between two objects of thought. But if we also hold error to be an actual state that bears a negative relation to some truth, then doesn't error as such need ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

What does Marcus Aurelius mean by 'sympathetic link'?

I am reading Meditation by Marcus Aurelius and finding difficulty in understanding this sentence: When they (agitations of the flesh) make their way into your thoughts, through the sympathetic ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

If one agrees with the bundle theory of self, then isn't human society itself a real (as in non-metaphorical) self-aware mind?

Hegel's world spirit is usually described as way of philosophizing about history, more so than an actual mind. Yet when describing the world spirit, he ascribes intentionality and agency to it, ...
-2
votes
1answer
57 views

How does free will relate to external determination? [closed]

Many believe free will is having the ability to make your own choices without outside influence. But everything you see, hear and smell is an outside influence. Every lesson learnt through past ...
4
votes
3answers
108 views

What is a mental state?

A great deal of the theory of mind is based upon supposedly obvious observations about our mental states. E.g. that they are immediately available, or that they are introspectable, at least in ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Doubt: who worked on it? [closed]

I'm trying to dive into the doubts and so I'm searching about philosophers having worked on the doubts, and related books. I'm talking about generic/existential/thinking doubts, not about scientific ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Who are contemporary notable non materialist women in the field of philosophy of mind?

(It seems it is kind of difficult to post a question that fits nicely in its own title, but the fact of the matter is that it does fit)
1
vote
4answers
61 views

Can you argue that you are not selfish?

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
9
votes
5answers
286 views

Is there causal influence of the mental on the physical?

Regardless of whether the mental is ultimately physical or not... doesn't the impact of human knowledge (science, mathematics, etc) on the world (ie: technology, agriculture, basically everything), ...
6
votes
4answers
103 views

How are subconscious mental states possible?

One of the most important defining mental features of mental states is that they are directly knowable. Indeed this is at the heart of the mind body problem: the mind is so special because mental ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Is color intrinsic to light?

Is there any proof to Sir Isaac Newton's claim that color exists only in the mind? That there is nothing intrinsically blue about light with a short wavelength. To us it would look the same whether ...
2
votes
3answers
41 views

If there is granted the fact of a 'state of awareness', must it be considered a condition of a 'subject'?

There are certain facts that are the beginning place for psychological study. Impressions are typically the most frequently considered facts. But there is also the fact that there is an awareness of ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

In what regard does conceptualism consider universals or the fact of them in the mind to be objective (if at all)?

Conceptualism seeks a sort of middle ground between realism and nominalism regarding universals, but in what way does it achieve this exactly? What does it mean to say that universals exist 'only in ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Montaigne's “Of Experience”: was he delusional? How does he justify using experience so much?

I've been reading Montaigne's Of Experience and, to be quite frank, a lot of his arguments seem circular in nature. He says that our own intuition “…is more familiar to us, and, doubtless, ...
3
votes
4answers
124 views

What is wrong with the following argument for dualism?

In listening to the following philosophy of mind lecture by John Searle, and he mentions in passing the following argument against materialism (starting around 43 minutes into to the lecture): ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Can Wittgenstein's critique of private language be turned against (modernized) Kant?

Wittgenstein argued, roughly, that a language has to be learned, and to be learned it has to be used first. Therefore, no private language. But if language has to be learned what then are the a priori ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

How does Wittgenstein's argument against recognizing private sensations work?

Wittgenstein writes in his Philosophical Investigations in paragraph 270: Let us imagine a use for the entry of the sign "S" in my diary. I discover that whenever I have a particular sensation a ...
0
votes
3answers
79 views

Why be human species? [closed]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
3
votes
3answers
178 views

How does the concept of “the Other” relate to the problem of “other minds?”

I have not really pursued the history or literature on either one of these topics, though the two concepts are often encountered in readings. I have always vaguely taken the "Other" to emerge ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How does ontological naturalism support eliminative materialism?

[N]aturalism is polemically defined as repudiating the view that there exists or could exist any entities which lie, in principle, beyond the scope of scientific explanation. Danto, in The ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the difference between type identity physicalism and eliminativism?

Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other hand states that mental states don't exist at all. Isn't this just a word game? Does it ...
0
votes
4answers
119 views

Can one pursue knowledge without their own personal perspective?

In my opinion, the pursuit of knowledge is directly linked the the individual pursuing it, and their perspective is crucial in the process. However, would anyone have an argument to why an individual ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Does materialism presuppose that a self is a bundle of mental states and perceptions?

The physicalist/materialist (going forward I'll use the two interchangeably) position on the mind body problem is the following: Nothing exits besides the physical and therefore the mind is just a ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

This is one of the Philosophical, Paradoxical & Hypothetical Conundrums of my Life which I can't solve by myself [closed]

I'm just a student right now. I have a very keen habit to learn something new everyday. I usually don't have any problem in learning it at that very moment. Yeah it takes a little bit of time, maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...