Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
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What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
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Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
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What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
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Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
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Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
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55 views

About a great canadian neurosurgeon

Wilder Graves Penfied was a pioneering Neurosurgeon dealing with the brain, who had thought till his death about consciousness and the mind and whether the human soul exists. Did he write about ...
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What exactly are the reasons for “the road of excess leads to the palace of wisdom?”

Empirical facts seem to support this connection: the Greeks were anything but modest, and among the Greeks, the Athenians were the most extravagant. I wonder what exactly are the reasons behind this ...
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Help me dissect this Wittgenstein quote [closed]

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But I ...
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About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...
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Are humans capable of thinking of a series of random numbers? [duplicate]

I read in a book today ( the computer music tutorial by curtis roads), that humans are not capable of imagining any long series of truly random numbers. Apparently, the only way to generate a series ...
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133 views

If qualia are “something extra” to explain, isn't it weird that the brain produces speech about qualia?

This question is mainly directed at people who are firm physicalists (as opposed to dualists) but still think qualia are "something extra to be explained". I believe Searle and Chalmers both fall into ...
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Is imagination limited to what we have already perceived with our five senses?

Is it possible to imagine something that is not a combination of what we have already perceived with any of our five senses? I mean, was it possible for humans to think of flying if there were no ...
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Why is it necessary to survive?

Why is it necessary to survive ? Every living thing, every single living thing on earth evolves in a way to survive, actually if it wasn't for this motive of survival, no living thing would actually ...
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65 views

What is it like to be happy?

I accept that pain is a quale, or qualia. But does anyone suggest that happiness and sadness, aren't - that someone who has never been happy doesn't learn what happiness is by being happy, that we ...
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Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
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How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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Why do people believe a turing machine can be fully conscious?

In his book Consciousness Explained Dennett writes "Anyone or anything that has such a virtual machine as its control system is conscious in the fullest sense" [p281] referring to a Joycean machine ...
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25 views

Which child is braver?

I recently brought a cockatiel home. Of my two daughters, one is afraid of the bird and the other constantly wants to hold and play with it. When the bird is flying in the house, the afraid daughter ...
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Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
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If many people show positivity, is that irrefutable proof of no negativity?

I want to know how we can analyze the number of preferences versus lack of preferences, or dislikes versus likes, and determine if the balance or lack thereof signifies a truly positive affirmation or ...
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How does one become a philosopher, or what makes one a philosopher? [duplicate]

What makes someone a philosopher? When, how, or under what circumstances is the title of philosopher justified? Wikipedia states that philosophy is the study of reason. If I study reason, am I a ...
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Philosophically, what are ways in which one can define “intelligence” in general?

I've always been wondering, what with I.Q. tests and all, how one can better sense intelligence. Not intelligence as in how much we are measured to know, but how much of what we know is actually known ...
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Consciousness without thoughts or feelings?

I have noticed that I can sit in a room around people and be consciously aware ... but have no thoughts at all. People often say that your "mind is always thinking", but I can literally stare at a ...
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Is it reasonable to believe that others have sentient minds?

Obviously I'm not looking for a valid deductive proof using formal logic, but at least a relatively convincing argument. How do I know that humans who I encounter other than myself have sentient ...
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Does sentience need a minimally complex system

May it be that consciousness could possibly [I'm not saying it will ever be actual!] be instantiated in a very at least explicitly simple system. Take a circuit bent calculator as an example.
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Are non-human animals capable of fictional thought? [closed]

What studies have shown- if at all and to what extent- non-human animals are capable of fictional cognition (imagination, playful speculation, etc.)? I understand there’s no reason to rule out such ...
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Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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71 views

Regarding the Mind-brain conflict

Some philosopher or scientist made an analogy of Mind versus Brain is related to Software versus Hardware. What was that about? If an A.I. computing system called P.A.L. has a self-sustaining ...
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60 views

Regarding freedom of choice

If all Human beings are 'super complicated' neuro-chemical biological machines (with all possible 'brain' activities governed by the laws of physics and chemistry) how can any 'brain' activities even ...
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What could be the cause of the “thinking about being aware state”, and how can someone jolt out of that? [closed]

I came across Eckhart Tolle's literature a couple of months ago. I had read some article about Osho and his views a long time ago, but due to some reason, i didn't pay that much attention to it. I ...
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62 views

Why do we want to be happy? [closed]

The question is really simple, but at the same time really deep. Why do we seek for a life that would make us happy? Why for example wouldn't we want to be sad? Or to be neither happy nor sad? Why do ...
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Why does the average mind act to fulfill his desires?

Let's consider the following experiment: We tell a human to choose between two things, one is a "tasty" dish, and the other is a dish that doesn't is flavorless. Those two dishes have the same ...
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91 views

How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
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Is the hard problem of consciousness really an issue about its operationalization?

Consider the following: S1: The assumption that “the chair has certain affordances (weathered, rickety, sturdy, available, etc.)” is a non-arbitrary subroutine in an operant or respondent activity ...
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Are information carrying systems of the same complexity equivalent? (integrated information theory)

I have just come into contact with the integrated information theory of consciousness (and its relatives), which would have it that consciousness stems from information-rich (and integrated) systems. ...
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Explain Hilary Putnam's argument against Cartesian skepticism

Hilary Putnam, in "Reason, Truth And History", attempts to argue against Cartesian (or hyperbolic) doubt, by proving that a 'brain in a vat' cannot actually think that it is a brain in a vat. Part ...
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What does it mean to deny consciousness is physical?

My question is really theories of consciousness that take the view that it is fundamentally non-physical. I understand the meaning of applying predicates like brittle, soft, hard, light, heavy, ...
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129 views

Do thoughts exist? How about ideas?

Do thoughts exist? (Yes, I know it depends what I mean by 'existence' but I want that to be included in any answer; another way to phrase my question would be, can you define 'existence' with a ...
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Does Cartesian Doubt Depend on Cartesian Dualism?

Even though this isn't exactly accurate, the way I like to think of Descartes' hyperbolic doubt as stating that there's no way to prove that information gained through sensory experience is accurate. ...
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Is perception presentational or representational?

Is perception presentational or representational? If you assume it is representational then sensory motor emulation (mental imagery, counter-factual rehearsal, anticipation, goal planning, etc. ...
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Are programmers evidence Artificial Intelligence is impossible?

While not a logical proof, this appears to be a practical disproof of AI. If it were possible to replace programmers, with all the brainpower and sheer quantities of money directed at computer ...
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What is the meaning of Kant's category 'Community'?

I've got a deadline in a few days and I'm struggling to find any explanations of 'Community' (gemeinschaft) which I can understand with real world examples.
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Do limits of human nature suggest that it could be principally understood?

Human nature is limited, so is our thinking. We are limited by our bodies, and power of thoughts is limited by the number of cortical and other neurons, number and speed of their connections, which ...
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About Thoughts & Voices

A question is perplexing me recently: whether our thoughts are dependent on voices , or in another word, can we have any thoughts without voices? Hegel remarks:'The voice comes very close to ...
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Difference between learning and understanding information?

I seek to learn, but feel I only just "understand" ... I want to learn it to use it, know it, understand it, and feel like I really get with something ... not just read a line of text that says "Push ...
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832 views

What school of thought is used in Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue?

What philosophical frame is used in this Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue? -B Jesus Christ Tekla, aren't you asleep? -T I try not to sleep. No telling if I will ever wake up. -T Let me ask ...
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Definition of concept

What definition does contemporary analytic philosophy give of 'concept'? And what is the difference between a concept of something and a conception of something? Then what's the difference between ...
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What is thinking the universe is made up called? [closed]

There is a theory in which a person thinks that everything he sees and everything he knows is made up in his head. He is the only one that thinks and the others are just fragments of his imagination. ...