Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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What is your Philosophy of Life? [on hold]

What is the core essence of your beliefs and morals. What is life for you?
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60 views

How does Wittgenstein's private language argument work against distinguishing sensations?

Wittgenstein writes in his Philosophical Investigations in paragraph 270: Let us imagine a use for the entry of the sign "S" in my diary. I discover that whenever I have a particular sensation a ...
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65 views

Why be human species? [on hold]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
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26 views

Can we take decisions? [on hold]

I have thought many times about this. Can we really take decisions? I think that our mind is who takes decisions, these decisions sound in our heads and we have the sensation of taking it by ...
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40 views

How do i stop talking so much? [on hold]

Many of my co workers have told me that i bore them with excessive talking. How to stop. What should be my philosophy.
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151 views

How does the concept of “the Other” relate to the problem of “other minds?”

I have not really pursued the history or literature on either one of these topics, though the two concepts are often encountered in readings. I have always vaguely taken the "Other" to emerge ...
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If both the parties are alike in their degrees of positiveness then why do they fail to get together? [closed]

From: http://www.brainybetty.com/2007Motivation/William%20Atkinson%20-%20Thought%20Vibration.pdf Sometimes both parties are so much alike in their degrees of positiveness that they fail to come ...
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30 views

How does ontological naturalism support eliminative materialism?

[N]aturalism is polemically defined as repudiating the view that there exists or could exist any entities which lie, in principle, beyond the scope of scientific explanation. Danto, in The ...
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75 views

What is the difference between type identity physicalism and eliminativism?

Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other hand states that mental states don't exist at all. Isn't this just a word game? Does it ...
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70 views

Can one pursue knowledge without their own personal perspective?

In my opinion, the pursuit of knowledge is directly linked the the individual pursuing it, and their perspective is crucial in the process. However, would anyone have an argument to why an individual ...
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68 views

Can a materialist theory of mind be anything other than a bundle theory of self?

The physicalist/materialist (going forward I'll use the two interchangeably) position on the mind body problem is the following: Nothing exits besides the physical and therefore the mind is just a ...
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This is one of the Philosophical, Paradoxical & Hypothetical Conundrums of my Life which I can't solve by myself [closed]

I'm just a student right now. I have a very keen habit to learn something new everyday. I usually don't have any problem in learning it at that very moment. Yeah it takes a little bit of time, maybe ...
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19 views

Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...
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38 views

How is it difficult to 'fill out this thought without relying in other ways on other mental states of the subject'?

Source: pp 79-80, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn The most popular current approach to this is to concentrate upon the way in which we can ...
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1answer
32 views

Why would God need an independent variation of the world to allow for painless pinpricks?

Source: pp 61-62, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   We can put the issue like this. Imagine God creating the universe. How much does he have to do? ...
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114 views

Why does the philosophy concerned with the problem of negative existential statements not make use of mental representations to solve it?

Meinong, Frege, Russel and Kripke all seem to accept the principle, that for a statement to be true, its singular terms must denote an object. This leads to the problem, that a sentence like 'The ...
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21 views

Can the tendency toward social construction of mental illness be decoupled from responsibility?

Hacking, in The social constructionism of what?, cites Boyle's claim that patients "need" the diagnosis of schizophrenia. He then approves of the idea that schizophrenia is an "interactive kind": ...
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240 views

What are the problems with the argument for dualism about mind from immateriality of thoughts?

I have started studying philosophy of mind and I am currently reading an introduction to the field. The first topic that is presented in the book is dualism of the Cartesian brand, and the case for it ...
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Why do philosophy of mind courses tend to bypass Kant?

All of the philosophy of mind courses I've seen seem to follow a basic pattern: Start with Descartes and substance dualism Jump to the 20th century and discuss behaviorism, functionalism, identity ...
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29 views

In which books does Descartes propose his ideas about mind-body dualism?

In which books does Descartes propose his ideas about mind-body dualism?
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What are some arguments against the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment?

I read this article about how this guy in Switzerland did an experiment that he thought proved the Simulation Hypothesis of reality (link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.1847). I have also been reading ...
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2answers
70 views

Is materialism a self-refuting position?

I have been trying to poke whole in the following apparently naive argument against materialism/physicalism: The main justification for materialism is that a person doesn't believe in that which ...
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1answer
55 views

Can the Kantian categories be interpreted naturalistically?

This relates to a previous question as to whether or not we are "born with" Kantian categories. I had objected that this would imply that the categories in some manner depend upon or inhere in a ...
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123 views

Is there any contemporary philosophy about the nonduality I read about on web sites?

I have been studying Nonduality (Advaita, Emptiness and other approaches) for a couple years, using resources on the internet. There are lots of people writing blogs, books and giving interviews (such ...
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1answer
74 views

Truth and factness of reality [closed]

In relation to my earlier question, Apart from Fact being a component of reality, what other factors comprise of reality which are sufficient for anything to be Fact? And by saying Truth: a ...
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152 views

Is the unobserved universe quantum mechanical? [closed]

According to some interpretations of quantum mechanics, in our daily life we perceive classical reality because we, as the observers, collapse the wave function to perceive the environment around us. ...
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What are contemporary Non English language and Continental sources in philosophy of mind?

It just came to me that all of the contemporary sources on philosophy of mind that I have been reading (Dennett, Nagel, Churchland, Chalmers, Searle, Hofstadter, Jackson) are all writing in English, ...
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Who argues in line of cognition being an aspect or a shadow of mind?

Philosophers sometimes liken conscious experience to an unexpected shadow of cognition, or to the steam coming out of a steam engine — an inert epiphenomena. A lot of ink has been spilled about that. ...
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84 views

Could you explain what the dualist, the behaviorist and the identity theorist each would say about what is going on?

Suppose I run into the room screaming and yelling, "I have a horrible toothache!" Could you explain what the dualist, the behaviorist and the identity theorist each would say about what is going on? ...
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101 views

What is Daniel Dennett's definition of a true believer?

I read that In his writings on the intentional stance, Dennett has often made the controversial further claim that the intentionality of a creature wholly consists in its behavior being ...
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436 views

Does the mind only conceive of one object at a time?

Is there a way to determine if the mind conceives of only one object at a time? This is not to say that the mind only perceives of one thing at a time, but rather that it can think of only one thing ...
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127 views

Is Conway and Kochen's freewill theorem an argument for Chalmer's panpsychism?

Conway and Kochen have proved a theorem about freewill, which states that if we have a type of libertarian free will (our present actions are to some extent independent of our past), then some ...
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51 views

What's the difference between intentionality and meaning?

Intentionality is for something to be about something. But this definition could also suffice for meaning: something can have meaning if it is about something. What is the major distinction between ...
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319 views

On the difference between “knowing” and “understanding”?

Intuitively, there is a clear difference between knowing something and understanding something. We speak about some getting or internalizing a concept, having a gut feeling for something, etc... Some ...
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138 views

What is the point of reductio ad absurdum in metaphysics?

Philosophers often use reductio ad absurdum in metaphysics and philosophy of mind to make a point, to justify their position, or a thought experiment, or to reject a position or theory they do not ...
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65 views

How do i stop assuming bad things about the Future? [closed]

I live in constant fear as i always assume that bad things will happen in the coming time . For example i was told by a recruiter that i might be called for a job interview in coming days, anytime. I ...
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213 views

Are there some facets of perceptual experience which cannot be characterized as conceptual?

Some philosophers (e.g John McDowell) argue that the content of perceptual experience is necessarily characterized by conceptual terms; namely - the content of the experience is entirely built of ...
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Does higher order conceptual processing present a challenge for Epiphenomenalism?

Epiphenomenalism is the view that physical neural processes have a causal effect on mental states, but that the reverse is not true: Mental states cannot effect neural states and only occur after the ...
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294 views

Definition of social personality from Dennett still working with digital Identities?

I am not sure how familiar you are with the definition of social personality from Dennett. It consits of 6 steps, like you can read here. (1) persons are rational. (2) they are the subjects of ...
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48 views

Doctrine of sufficiency from On Equality by Harry Frankfurt [closed]

How does Frankfurt describe his doctrine of sufficiency?
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Does definition of Fact in philosophy have any relation with time and place?

Does definition of Fact in philosophy have any relation with time and place? If yes, then is it justified to say that "Fact is a Fact irrespective of one's awareness of it being true"? For example: ...
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Who knows more about the true nature of reality: an expert scientist or an expert meditator? [closed]

This is probably a stupid question, but please try to answer. Both have an IQ around 190 The expert scientist is a practicing physicist and a biologist who has been in the field for more than 40 ...
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113 views

Do animals have beliefs?

They have feelings, like fear of a predator and hope of evading that predator. In humans feelings are connected to beliefs, feelings are partially caused by beliefs, and humans react to feeling based ...
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What is the purpose of meaning?

My question is actually this: What does the question: "what is the purpose of meaning" mean? Questions that may arise in answering this question may include: What kinds of things can have purpose? ...
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73 views

What is an “aesthetic experience”?

So, we're doing a project in philosophy class, discussing what exactly an "aesthetic experience" is. I understand, that it is a very personal definition that everybody has, but I'm sure there are some ...
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Can a Turing machine generate an inconsistent formal system?

In "Raatikainen, P., 2005, “On the Philosophical Relevance of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems,” , the author argues that Penrose's and others use of Gödel's theorem as an argument against mechanism ...
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131 views

What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

Functionalism and property dualism are both physicalist theories of the mind in that they don't admit any substances other than physical substance. Property dualism holds that mental states are ...
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151 views

The demarcation problem and the materialism/dualism debate?

Presumably the end game of dualist philosophers is to definitively prove the existence of ontologically separate mental states which cannot be reduced to brain states. If they succeed in doing so, ...
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Have Descartes' arguments for dualism been entirely refuted by modern neuroscience and information theory?

From the IEP article on Dualism: Decartes argues that the mind is indivisible because it lacks extension. The body, as an object that takes up space, can always be divided (at least ...
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142 views

Empirical difference between thinking and knowing [closed]

Is there an empirical difference between thinking and knowing, perhaps one based in neuroscience?