Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
27 views

How do non-theistic dualists explain the onset of the mind?

For a theistic dualist, the moment when the brain is no longer just a lump of living neurons but a conscious mind is the moment their deity of choice puts a soul in the body. For an identity ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

Def 1: Type-identity theory: brain states and mental states are the same thing. The mental state "I love Metallica" is nothing more than the neural configuration of a Metallica fan. Def 2: Multiple ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

How does GEB support AI?

Typically, Godel's Incompleteness theorems have been used to argue against the possibility that the human mind is essentially equivalent to a formal system. However, in Daniel Dennett's book "Darwin's ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the difference between Jerry Fodor's LOT and Wittgenstein's Picture Theory of Meaning?

From Wikipedia: "[The] the language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) put forward by American philosopher Jerry Fodor describes thoughts as represented in a "language" (sometimes known as mentalese) that ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Has Hofstadter's concept of strange loop been given a more formal treatment (by him or anyone else) than “GEB” and “I am a strange loop”?

I find Hofstadter's concept of strange loop and how it explains consciousness to be very compelling. However I find the writing style in "Goedel Escher and Bach" to be too distracting and "I am a ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

How do you refer to 'unthinkable thoughts' in simple english? [closed]

Let us imagine some knowledge, content, etc. given to us (by whom, we don't know; maybe 25th century humans, a post-Singularity computer, or something else) that is far beyond human comprehension. ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Do questions about the ultimate truth make sense? Are we capable of understanding the system in which we live? (Looking for directions/references)

I am recently reading a lot about topics like free will or consciousness. It seems that many philosophers are trying to argue about these concepts in an ultimate and final way, that means they are ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Can the correspondance theory of truth take into account observer effects?

Kant wrote in the Metaphysics of Natural Science If we ·keep mathematics out of the picture and· think of the doctrine of the soul merely as a systematic art of analysis or as an experimental ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

“The Logic of Emotion” by Robert C. Solomon

What is this essay talking about? Did anyone read this before? Solomon thinks that emotions can be logical and he talks a lot about many kinds of emotional theories. If you have read it, would you be ...
6
votes
6answers
517 views

Does claiming that strong AI is impossible imply a belief in substance dualism?

I was reading an article by J Mark Bishop "The danger of artificial stupidity" on ScientaSalon, where he quotes his own research, John Searle and Hilary Putnam, among others, as proof of the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How many minds operate at once? [closed]

I am constantly trying to figure out a question that itches me all the time - besides our consciousness and subconsciousness operating in conjunction is there any other mind? A super mind? We must ...
4
votes
7answers
259 views

How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

fMRI prediction on decision making and implications on taking credit

First some context. There's a well known study, which has been replicated and conclusive about the results, that shows that some decision are made some seconds before the person is conscious about ...
-4
votes
2answers
74 views

Is knowledge a form of energy? [closed]

To better describe my question, do the following experiment: Calculate x=12+26+67+71 Now you might have spent some time in getting the answer. You burnt sugar, you used up energy to get the ...
2
votes
4answers
101 views

Can the existance of consciousness be proven by refering to it?

First question here. I'm new to Philosophy and I'm wondering if it is a correct thing to say "I can prove my consciousness (to myself) by referring to it"? This came up in my philosophy class. ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Who is really the father of Mind

Do we need to continuously refer to Descartes as the father of the mind, or is there another candidate predating him who may be more qualified and allow for better conclusions to be derived on the ...
-1
votes
2answers
122 views

“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
0
votes
5answers
194 views

Is “mental illness” really a disease, an illness?

Or is it more like a character flaw we're not responsible for. I have read a bit on this, Szasz, some of the critical people, who I do not claim to be be representing except with the broadest ...
-2
votes
2answers
55 views

In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
2
votes
6answers
166 views

Dreaming and Awakening: Both False?

Please pardon my layman's language as I am not a student of philosophy. I was talking to a friend who has read Advaita Philosophy of Shankara in-depth. He iterated the fundamental theory of this ...
-1
votes
2answers
102 views

Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the definition for “Peace of Mind”? [closed]

The definition for "Peace of Mind" has always been somehow unclear to me. Is there even a clear definition for it? Or is it just subjective?
0
votes
4answers
147 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
3
votes
5answers
223 views

Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...
-1
votes
2answers
24 views

What is going in our mind if we can not apply previous successes to current situations?

I'm not sure if this question would rather fall under the term psychology, but since there isn't yet a psychology SE forum, I hope it meets this site's criteria. Situation: I begin to tackle a new ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
0
votes
3answers
97 views

Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Overcoming procrastination & the fear of making decision.

I wanted to know any philosopher who addresses procrastination. & who deals with the overcoming fears such as decision making ? Much appreciated.
1
vote
3answers
91 views

How to know the exact meaning of the word? [closed]

I was wondering that sometimes I have feelings that doesn't mean fear but when I describe that feeling to my friends they said this is fear , Can we define exact meaning for each feeling ? for example ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

What could be a neural correlate for attending the phenomenal nature of experience?

This is probably a question for non-materialists. I think I have heard the opinion that for anything of which we are phenomenally conscious there exists a neural correlate. For example, If I am ...
2
votes
2answers
148 views

If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

[I went and wrote a long answer to a question that was in the interim deleted, so rather than waste that, I thought I'd do my best to reproduce it here. Credit to Micheal Lee for the original, some ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Should I be content with short-term happiness and avoid thinking about long-term concerns?

I am very happy, if judged from a third-party perspective. I have absolutely no problems related to relationships, behaviour, health, finance, knowledge, etc. In fact, lately, I've been getting ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
7
votes
4answers
312 views

What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
1
vote
4answers
69 views

Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

About a great canadian neurosurgeon

Wilder Graves Penfied was a pioneering Neurosurgeon dealing with the brain, who had thought till his death about consciousness and the mind and whether the human soul exists. Did he write about ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What exactly are the reasons for “the road of excess leads to the palace of wisdom?”

Empirical facts seem to support this connection: the Greeks were anything but modest, and among the Greeks, the Athenians were the most extravagant. I wonder what exactly are the reasons behind this ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Why is knowing not a mental state? [closed]

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...