Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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What theory of the mind do you find the most convincing and why? [on hold]

What theory of the mind do you find the most convincing and why?
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Does unconsciousness exist? Do we have sufficient warrant to believe consciousness is interruptible?

I posted this question on Reddit's /r/AskPhilosophy sub, but didn't receive much of a response. Hoping you guys can help. As I see it, there are two versions to the claim that consciousness is ...
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Do qualia have an evolutionary purpose? (assuming they exist)

Do qualia have an evolutionary function, and if so what is it? Could qualia help us solve problems that Turing machines can't solve? Could qualia help us solve problems faster than normal computers? ...
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Is it intellectually dishonest for an atheist to become a Freemason

Concern I am debating the merits of becoming a Freemason. My interest is primarily out of curiosity, and finding a social group to join that isn't a gun club or church group. Not that I don't enjoy ...
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Do we not exist when we don't think, according to Descartes? Or are we continuously thinking?

Descartes teached that because he thinks therefor he is. But did he tell something about the question whether there are gaps between thoughts? So probably we could not exist between those gaps? Or ...
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Can anything be declared as fact?

Every fact we attempt to prove relies on information interpreted by our brains, which it recieves as electrical impulses. Apart from this information we have no way of confirming whether the reality ...
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In what fundamental ways, if any, does Husserl break with Kant?

I've read only slim secondary works on Husserl some time ago, and recently started "The Crisis in the European Sciences." So far, the framework seems faithfully Kantian. Husserl, for example, ...
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Is laziness and sloth a behavioural problem only?

I'd perhaps be better off asking on cogsci stackexchange. But, can laziness and sloth be a behavioural problem only? Or does it always implicate a cognitive / affective deficiency? Given that the ...
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Was the indeterminacy of linguistic meaning, as understood by Quine, anticipated already in the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition?

Quine held that the meaning of words was indeterminate. The reasons he holds this view all seem to have in common a certain aspect; the indeterminacy that occurs occurs within what might be called ...
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Does Epictetus State “Only One Cause Motivates Us”, Or “One Cause More than Others”?

1. Question: From Epictetus, Discourses, 1.11, (Perseus English Link): Is Epictetus implying there is only ever just one cause for our actions? Or, is Epictetus arguing there is one cause which ...
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56 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...
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What would non-reductive physicalists say about the mind and teleportation?

Non-reductive physicalists have a view in dualism that creates an idea of mental properties that can be mapped to neurobiological properties, but said mental properties are not ontologically reduced ...
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Do alternative theories of self eventually dissolve into either the substance theory or the bundle theory?

It seems upon first glance that attitudes towards the existence of the self must either be defending the notion that it exists in its own right as a real thing imbued with sensible and rational power ...
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Can the correspondence theory of truth really be completely avoided?

Let us assume that 'truth' is a construct of the human mind. In this case truth is defined as some product of the mind's 'verification', and nothing else. What 'makes' a statement true is simply the ...
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The mind-body problem in antiquity and the middle ages

In a sense the mind-body problem is in reality a whole set of problems which are all based on an alleged insurmountable difference between the mental and the physical. But this question is about the ...
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Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
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How to judge ethically? [closed]

In my opinion the correct way on approaching a person which is doing something wrong is to judge their behavior, rather than them as a person. Compare for instance: Option A: John you are an absolute ...
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What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
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What Qualifies Sentience?

If there is a non-sentient being, (e.g. A Non-Player Character in a video game), who understands what sentience is, and is aware that they are not sentient, does that make them, in fact, sentient? ...
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Is an active principle of the mind necesarry for the existence of error?

Error might be defined as a disagreement between two objects of thought. But if we also hold error to be an actual state that bears a negative relation to some truth, then doesn't error as such need ...
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What does Marcus Aurelius mean by 'sympathetic link'?

I am reading Meditation by Marcus Aurelius and finding difficulty in understanding this sentence: When they (agitations of the flesh) make their way into your thoughts, through the sympathetic ...
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If one agrees with the bundle theory of self, then isn't human society itself a real (as in non-metaphorical) self-aware mind?

Hegel's world spirit is usually described as way of philosophizing about history, more so than an actual mind. Yet when describing the world spirit, he ascribes intentionality and agency to it, ...
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How does free will relate to external determination? [closed]

Many believe free will is having the ability to make your own choices without outside influence. But everything you see, hear and smell is an outside influence. Every lesson learnt through past ...
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What is a mental state?

A great deal of the theory of mind is based upon supposedly obvious observations about our mental states. E.g. that they are immediately available, or that they are introspectable, at least in ...
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Doubt: who worked on it? [closed]

I'm trying to dive into the doubts and so I'm searching about philosophers having worked on the doubts, and related books. I'm talking about generic/existential/thinking doubts, not about scientific ...
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Who are contemporary notable non materialist women in the field of philosophy of mind?

(It seems it is kind of difficult to post a question that fits nicely in its own title, but the fact of the matter is that it does fit)
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Can you argue that you are not selfish?

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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Causal influence of the mental on the physical

Regardless of whether the mental is ultimately physical or not... doesn't the impact of human knowledge (science, mathematics, etc) on the world (ie: technology, agriculture, basically everything), ...
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How are subconscious mental states possible?

One of the most important defining mental features of mental states is that they are directly knowable. Indeed this is at the heart of the mind body problem: the mind is so special because mental ...
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Is color intrinsic to light?

Is there any proof to Sir Isaac Newton's claim that color exists only in the mind? That there is nothing intrinsically blue about light with a short wavelength. To us it would look the same whether ...
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If there is granted the fact of a 'state of awareness', must it be considered a condition of a 'subject'?

There are certain facts that are the beginning place for psychological study. Impressions are typically the most frequently considered facts. But there is also the fact that there is an awareness of ...
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In what regard does conceptualism consider universals or the fact of them in the mind to be objective (if at all)?

Conceptualism seeks a sort of middle ground between realism and nominalism regarding universals, but in what way does it achieve this exactly? What does it mean to say that universals exist 'only in ...
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Montaigne's “Of Experience”: was he delusional? How does he justify using experience so much?

I've been reading Montaigne's Of Experience and, to be quite frank, a lot of his arguments seem circular in nature. He says that our own intuition “…is more familiar to us, and, doubtless, ...
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What is wrong with the following argument for dualism?

In listening to the following philosophy of mind lecture by John Searle, and he mentions in passing the following argument against materialism (starting around 43 minutes into to the lecture): ...
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Can Wittgenstein's critique of private language be turned against (modernized) Kant?

Wittgenstein argued, roughly, that a language has to be learned, and to be learned it has to be used first. Therefore, no private language. But if language has to be learned what then are the a priori ...
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How does Wittgenstein's private language argument work against distinguishing sensations?

Wittgenstein writes in his Philosophical Investigations in paragraph 270: Let us imagine a use for the entry of the sign "S" in my diary. I discover that whenever I have a particular sensation a ...
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Why be human species? [closed]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
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How does the concept of “the Other” relate to the problem of “other minds?”

I have not really pursued the history or literature on either one of these topics, though the two concepts are often encountered in readings. I have always vaguely taken the "Other" to emerge ...
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How does ontological naturalism support eliminative materialism?

[N]aturalism is polemically defined as repudiating the view that there exists or could exist any entities which lie, in principle, beyond the scope of scientific explanation. Danto, in The ...
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What is the difference between type identity physicalism and eliminativism?

Type identity physicalism says mental states are identical with brain states. Eliminativism on the other hand states that mental states don't exist at all. Isn't this just a word game? Does it ...
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Can one pursue knowledge without their own personal perspective?

In my opinion, the pursuit of knowledge is directly linked the the individual pursuing it, and their perspective is crucial in the process. However, would anyone have an argument to why an individual ...
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Does materialism presuppose that self is a bundle of mental states and perceptions?

The physicalist/materialist (going forward I'll use the two interchangeably) position on the mind body problem is the following: Nothing exits besides the physical and therefore the mind is just a ...
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This is one of the Philosophical, Paradoxical & Hypothetical Conundrums of my Life which I can't solve by myself [closed]

I'm just a student right now. I have a very keen habit to learn something new everyday. I usually don't have any problem in learning it at that very moment. Yeah it takes a little bit of time, maybe ...
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Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...
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How is it difficult to 'fill out this thought without relying in other ways on other mental states of the subject'?

Source: pp 79-80, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn The most popular current approach to this is to concentrate upon the way in which we can ...
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Why would God need an independent variation of the world to allow for painless pinpricks?

Source: pp 61-62, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   We can put the issue like this. Imagine God creating the universe. How much does he have to do? ...
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Why does the philosophy concerned with the problem of negative existential statements not make use of mental representations to solve it?

Meinong, Frege, Russel and Kripke all seem to accept the principle, that for a statement to be true, its singular terms must denote an object. This leads to the problem, that a sentence like 'The ...
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Can the tendency toward social construction of mental illness be decoupled from responsibility?

Hacking, in The social constructionism of what?, cites Boyle's claim that patients "need" the diagnosis of schizophrenia. He then approves of the idea that schizophrenia is an "interactive kind": ...
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What are the problems with the argument for dualism about mind from immateriality of thoughts?

I have started studying philosophy of mind and I am currently reading an introduction to the field. The first topic that is presented in the book is dualism of the Cartesian brand, and the case for it ...
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Why do philosophy of mind courses tend to bypass Kant?

All of the philosophy of mind courses I've seen seem to follow a basic pattern: Start with Descartes and substance dualism Jump to the 20th century and discuss behaviorism, functionalism, identity ...