Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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What is it like to be happy?

I accept that pain is a quale, or qualia. But does anyone suggest that happiness and sadness, aren't - that someone who has never been happy doesn't learn what happiness is by being happy, that we ...
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Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
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How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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Why do people believe a turing machine can be fully conscious?

In his book Consciousness Explained Dennett writes "Anyone or anything that has such a virtual machine as its control system is conscious in the fullest sense" [p281] referring to a Joycean machine ...
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Which child is braver?

I recently brought a cockatiel home. Of my two daughters, one is afraid of the bird and the other constantly wants to hold and play with it. When the bird is flying in the house, the afraid daughter ...
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Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
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25 views

If many people show positivity, is that irrefutable proof of no negativity?

I want to know how we can analyze the number of preferences versus lack of preferences, or dislikes versus likes, and determine if the balance or lack thereof signifies a truly positive affirmation or ...
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How does one become a philosopher, or what makes one a philosopher? [duplicate]

What makes someone a philosopher? When, how, or under what circumstances is the title of philosopher justified? Wikipedia states that philosophy is the study of reason. If I study reason, am I a ...
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Philosophically, what are ways in which one can define “intelligence” in general?

I've always been wondering, what with I.Q. tests and all, how one can better sense intelligence. Not intelligence as in how much we are measured to know, but how much of what we know is actually known ...
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Consciousness without thoughts or feelings?

I have noticed that I can sit in a room around people and be consciously aware ... but have no thoughts at all. People often say that your "mind is always thinking", but I can literally stare at a ...
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Is it reasonable to believe that others have sentient minds?

Obviously I'm not looking for a valid deductive proof using formal logic, but at least a relatively convincing argument. How do I know that humans who I encounter other than myself have sentient ...
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Does sentience need a minimally complex system

May it be that consciousness could possibly [I'm not saying it will ever be actual!] be instantiated in a very at least explicitly simple system. Take a circuit bent calculator as an example.
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Are non-human animals capable of fictional thought? [closed]

What studies have shown- if at all and to what extent- non-human animals are capable of fictional cognition (imagination, playful speculation, etc.)? I understand there’s no reason to rule out such ...
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Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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Regarding the Mind-brain conflict

Some philosopher or scientist made an analogy of Mind versus Brain is related to Software versus Hardware. What was that about? If an A.I. computing system called P.A.L. has a self-sustaining ...
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51 views

Regarding freedom of choice

If all Human beings are 'super complicated' neuro-chemical biological machines (with all possible 'brain' activities governed by the laws of physics and chemistry) how can any 'brain' activities even ...
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What could be the cause of the “thinking about being aware state”, and how can someone jolt out of that? [closed]

I came across Eckhart Tolle's literature a couple of months ago. I had read some article about Osho and his views a long time ago, but due to some reason, i didn't pay that much attention to it. I ...
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54 views

Why do we want to be happy? [closed]

The question is really simple, but at the same time really deep. Why do we seek for a life that would make us happy? Why for example wouldn't we want to be sad? Or to be neither happy nor sad? Why do ...
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Why does the average mind act to fulfill his desires?

Let's consider the following experiment: We tell a human to choose between two things, one is a "tasty" dish, and the other is a dish that doesn't is flavorless. Those two dishes have the same ...
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How can intuitions be infallible?

I happen to come across the theory that intuitions are infallible, therefore whatever we intuit must be true. How is this rational at all? Our intuitions do not come from experience, so we really can ...
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Is the hard problem of consciousness really an issue about its operationalization?

Consider the following: S1: The assumption that “the chair has certain affordances (weathered, rickety, sturdy, available, etc.)” is a non-arbitrary subroutine in an operant or respondent activity ...
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Are information carrying systems of the same complexity equivalent? (integrated information theory)

I have just come into contact with the integrated information theory of consciousness (and its relatives), which would have it that consciousness stems from information-rich (and integrated) systems. ...
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Explain Hilary Putnam's argument against Cartesian skepticism

Hilary Putnam, in "Reason, Truth And History", attempts to argue against Cartesian (or hyperbolic) doubt, by proving that a 'brain in a vat' cannot actually think that it is a brain in a vat. Part ...
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What does it mean to deny consciousness is physical?

My question is really theories of consciousness that take the view that it is fundamentally non-physical. I understand the meaning of applying predicates like brittle, soft, hard, light, heavy, ...
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101 views

Do thoughts exist? How about ideas?

Do thoughts exist? (Yes, I know it depends what I mean by 'existence' but I want that to be included in any answer; another way to phrase my question would be, can you define 'existence' with a ...
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Does Cartesian Doubt Depend on Cartesian Dualism?

Even though this isn't exactly accurate, the way I like to think of Descartes' hyperbolic doubt as stating that there's no way to prove that information gained through sensory experience is accurate. ...
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Is perception presentational or representational?

Is perception presentational or representational? If you assume it is representational then sensory motor emulation (mental imagery, counter-factual rehearsal, anticipation, goal planning, etc. ...
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Are programmers evidence Artificial Intelligence is impossible?

While not a logical proof, this appears to be a practical disproof of AI. If it were possible to replace programmers, with all the brainpower and sheer quantities of money directed at computer ...
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What is the meaning of Kant's category 'Community'?

I've got a deadline in a few days and I'm struggling to find any explanations of 'Community' (gemeinschaft) which I can understand with real world examples.
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Do limits of human nature suggest that it could be principally understood?

Human nature is limited, so is our thinking. We are limited by our bodies, and power of thoughts is limited by the number of cortical and other neurons, number and speed of their connections, which ...
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About Thoughts & Voices

A question is perplexing me recently: whether our thoughts are dependent on voices , or in another word, can we have any thoughts without voices? Hegel remarks:'The voice comes very close to ...
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Difference between learning and understanding information?

I seek to learn, but feel I only just "understand" ... I want to learn it to use it, know it, understand it, and feel like I really get with something ... not just read a line of text that says "Push ...
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655 views

What school of thought is used in Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue?

What philosophical frame is used in this Wolfenstein: The New Order Tekla Monologue? -B Jesus Christ Tekla, aren't you asleep? -T I try not to sleep. No telling if I will ever wake up. -T Let me ask ...
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Definition of concept

What definition does contemporary analytic philosophy give of 'concept'? And what is the difference between a concept of something and a conception of something? Then what's the difference between ...
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What is thinking the universe is made up called? [closed]

There is a theory in which a person thinks that everything he sees and everything he knows is made up in his head. He is the only one that thinks and the others are just fragments of his imagination. ...
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Explanation on Descartes' statement

"I think, therefore I am." Will anybody explain to me as clearly as possible what this statement actually mean?
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Can computers be programmed to be 'creative'?

When a artist strokes their brush on a canvas and paints a beautiful work of art they may be referred as creative person. Or perhaps a musician or a writer. Does this creativeness come from the soul ...
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How many colours are there for-us (as qualia)?

The visual spectrum, for human beings, occupies only a very small section of the full electro-magnetic spectrum. This, allows the possibility, that there are more possible colour qualia possible. ...
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is the answer contained in the question when it is well formulated? [closed]

we expect others especially authorities to give us answers. can anyone have answers to our own questions except oureselves when letting the question being unconsciously processed and give space for ...
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About Supervenience and how it is used

What is supervenience and is there controversy over its definition? Does it have to do with the list of qualities of two 'things' being compared?
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the self as agency is a brain function or a kind of solid entity, a soul? [duplicate]

Blockquote Sense of agency From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The "sense of agency" (SA) refers to the subjective awareness that one is initiating, executing, and controlling one's own ...
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613 views

Can we see our future? [closed]

Sometime I feel like these incident or moments I had spent before. When I visit new places which I never visited then also I feel like I had visited it before. I might have seen these things in my ...
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I am not my body

My intuitive reaction to thought experiments such as described in the following question leaves me thinking I am not my body. Almost Sure Mind Transfer via Parfit's Identity Theory (interesting ...
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How is thought, which has become the means of self-expansion, to act without giving sustenance to the ego, the cause of conflict and sorrow?

Is this not an important question? Do not let me make it important to you. Is this not a vital question to each one? If it is, must we not find the true answer? We are nourishing the ego in many ways, ...
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30 views

Why should one study Philosophy? [duplicate]

I wanted to ask, preferably those who study it... Would you recommend it? Also, what should one expect of studying Philosophy? Thanks.
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is knowledge an impediment for seeing things the way they are? is silent observation the true instrument of comprehension? [closed]

when we are in a state of not knowing there is much more sensitivity, choiceless awareness, impartial observation, it seems to me.its knowledge the cloud of belief, conclusions preventing the true ...
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Is feeling the heaviness of something a quale?

When I pick up an object, I feel its heaviness. Classical mechanics tells us that what determines how heavy something feels to a given person is a property of matter called mass. I see a kind of ...
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What's the difference between cloning and metabolism in terms of affecting personal identity?

Suppose I'm cloned when I am alive. Provided there is a technology that can copy ALL my mental states into the clone, such as memories, values, beliefs and the like. No more, no less. Also there is ...
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265 views

On speaking of 'apparently' non-physical things

Something has really been bugging me lately. Bare in mind I haven't really studied any Philosophy of Mind, but I currently accept that only the physical exists. It comes as being something very ...
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What exactly is it that Gödel is supposed to have done that an algorithm can't

I've heard a lot of people say that Gödel's proof shows that human intelligence somehow goes beyond what a computer could ever do. It's only ever been articulated to me very badly, though not for want ...