Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Complete psychic transparency

Saw this today Yet there’s no reason to assume that our brains will be adequate vessels for the voyage towards that answer. Nor that, were we to stumble on a solution to the Hard Problem, on ...
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37 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [on hold]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
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5answers
170 views

Is “mental illness” really a disease, an illness?

Or is it more like a character flaw we're not responsible for. I have read a bit on this, Szasz, some of the critical people, who I do not claim to be be representing except with the broadest ...
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47 views

In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
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6answers
123 views

Dreaming and Awakening: Both False?

Please pardon my layman's language as I am not a student of philosophy. I was talking to a friend who has read Advaita Philosophy of Shankara in-depth. He iterated the fundamental theory of this ...
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97 views

Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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110 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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34 views

What is the definition for “Peace of Mind”? [closed]

The definition for "Peace of Mind" has always been somehow unclear to me. Is there even a clear definition for it? Or is it just subjective?
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4answers
142 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
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158 views

Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
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26 views

Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...
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22 views

What is going in our mind if we can not apply previous successes to current situations?

I'm not sure if this question would rather fall under the term psychology, but since there isn't yet a psychology SE forum, I hope it meets this site's criteria. Situation: I begin to tackle a new ...
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1answer
83 views

How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
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3answers
69 views

Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
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1answer
50 views

Overcoming procrastination & the fear of making decision.

I wanted to know any philosopher who addresses procrastination. & who deals with the overcoming fears such as decision making ? Much appreciated.
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3answers
78 views

How to know the exact meaning of the word? [closed]

I was wondering that sometimes I have feelings that doesn't mean fear but when I describe that feeling to my friends they said this is fear , Can we define exact meaning for each feeling ? for example ...
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1answer
45 views

What could be a neural correlate for attending the phenomenal nature of experience?

This is probably a question for non-materialists. I think I have heard the opinion that for anything of which we are phenomenally conscious there exists a neural correlate. For example, If I am ...
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2answers
137 views

If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

[I went and wrote a long answer to a question that was in the interim deleted, so rather than waste that, I thought I'd do my best to reproduce it here. Credit to Micheal Lee for the original, some ...
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67 views

What's the difference between being in a simultion vs base reality

Having articles like Bostrom's "Simulation argument" gives us the probability that we are almost certainly living inside a simulation. Putting aside the emotional, intuitive discomfort about it, what ...
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2answers
71 views

Should I be content with short-term happiness and avoid thinking about long-term concerns?

I am very happy, if judged from a third-party perspective. I have absolutely no problems related to relationships, behaviour, health, finance, knowledge, etc. In fact, lately, I've been getting ...
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1answer
41 views

How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
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4answers
261 views

What exactly is the persuasive power behind Jackson's “Mary's Room” argument?

The knowledge argument (also known as Mary's room or Mary the super-scientist) is a philosophical thought experiment proposed by Frank Jackson in his article "Epiphenomenal Qualia" (1982) and extended ...
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1answer
67 views

Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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119 views

Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
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1answer
94 views

Transcendental ego

I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this ...
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4answers
67 views

Can we distinguish physical from informational existence?

Physical existence would be everything that exists in the physical world such as the stone in my garden while the informational existence would be the consciousness and qualia (I don't really know how ...
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57 views

About a great canadian neurosurgeon

Wilder Graves Penfied was a pioneering Neurosurgeon dealing with the brain, who had thought till his death about consciousness and the mind and whether the human soul exists. Did he write about ...
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46 views

What exactly are the reasons for “the road of excess leads to the palace of wisdom?”

Empirical facts seem to support this connection: the Greeks were anything but modest, and among the Greeks, the Athenians were the most extravagant. I wonder what exactly are the reasons behind this ...
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74 views

Why is knowing not a mental state? [closed]

"There is a tendency to think of knowledge as a mental state. Now I am supposed to know my own mental states. If I say I have a certain mental state and do not have it, then I have told a lie. But ...
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1answer
59 views

About models of Human Cognition

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not require some physicallist concepts? Maybe a model of the Mind-brain system as a self-sustaining self-controlling 'behavioural-algorithm' processing ...
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25 views

Are humans capable of thinking of a series of random numbers? [duplicate]

I read in a book today ( the computer music tutorial by curtis roads), that humans are not capable of imagining any long series of truly random numbers. Apparently, the only way to generate a series ...
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1answer
156 views

If qualia are “something extra” to explain, isn't it weird that the brain produces speech about qualia?

This question is mainly directed at people who are firm physicalists (as opposed to dualists) but still think qualia are "something extra to be explained". I believe Searle and Chalmers both fall into ...
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217 views

Is imagination limited to what we have already perceived with our five senses?

Is it possible to imagine something that is not a combination of what we have already perceived with any of our five senses? I mean, was it possible for humans to think of flying if there were no ...
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129 views

Why is it necessary to survive?

Why is it necessary to survive ? Every living thing, every single living thing on earth evolves in a way to survive, actually if it wasn't for this motive of survival, no living thing would actually ...
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139 views

What is it like to be happy?

I accept that pain is a quale, or qualia. But does anyone suggest that happiness and sadness, aren't - that someone who has never been happy doesn't learn what happiness is by being happy, that we ...
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162 views

Visciously circular arguments against philosophy

Science seeks to explain natural events with natural causes. The Turing hypothesis does this. Beyond the bounds of science, there is no objective argument for anything really, just ...
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1answer
130 views

How have philosophers tried to argue for qualia?

What is the difference between the intuition that there is something it is like, qualitative experience, and faith in it? Is it possible to convince someone who doesn't believe there is something it ...
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7answers
503 views

Why do people believe a turing machine can be fully conscious?

In his book Consciousness Explained Dennett writes "Anyone or anything that has such a virtual machine as its control system is conscious in the fullest sense" [p281] referring to a Joycean machine ...
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1answer
30 views

Which child is braver?

I recently brought a cockatiel home. Of my two daughters, one is afraid of the bird and the other constantly wants to hold and play with it. When the bird is flying in the house, the afraid daughter ...
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2answers
39 views

Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
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48 views

If many people show positivity, is that irrefutable proof of no negativity?

I want to know how we can analyze the number of preferences versus lack of preferences, or dislikes versus likes, and determine if the balance or lack thereof signifies a truly positive affirmation or ...
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2answers
64 views

How does one become a philosopher, or what makes one a philosopher? [duplicate]

What makes someone a philosopher? When, how, or under what circumstances is the title of philosopher justified? Wikipedia states that philosophy is the study of reason. If I study reason, am I a ...
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3answers
84 views

Philosophically, what are ways in which one can define “intelligence” in general?

I've always been wondering, what with I.Q. tests and all, how one can better sense intelligence. Not intelligence as in how much we are measured to know, but how much of what we know is actually known ...
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6answers
188 views

Consciousness without thoughts or feelings?

I have noticed that I can sit in a room around people and be consciously aware ... but have no thoughts at all. People often say that your "mind is always thinking", but I can literally stare at a ...
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Is it reasonable to believe that others have sentient minds?

Obviously I'm not looking for a valid deductive proof using formal logic, but at least a relatively convincing argument. How do I know that humans who I encounter other than myself have sentient ...
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45 views

Does sentience need a minimally complex system

May it be that consciousness could possibly [I'm not saying it will ever be actual!] be instantiated in a very at least explicitly simple system. Take a circuit bent calculator as an example.
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63 views

Are non-human animals capable of fictional thought? [closed]

What studies have shown- if at all and to what extent- non-human animals are capable of fictional cognition (imagination, playful speculation, etc.)? I understand there’s no reason to rule out such ...
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122 views

Could a philosophical zombie conclude “cogito ergo sum”?

Could a philosophical zombie conclude "cogito ergo sum"? Assume a philosophical zombie which is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks ...
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Regarding the Mind-brain conflict

Some philosopher or scientist made an analogy of Mind versus Brain is related to Software versus Hardware. What was that about? If an A.I. computing system called P.A.L. has a self-sustaining ...