Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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divides three kind unity in kant's Critique of Pure Reason

I'm totally new in philosophy, but according to my reading on transcendental Aesthetic and transcendental logic and categories ,I'd like to divide three kind of unity like this : 1- Unity of ...
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36 views

Do lack of worries or worries, decrease or increase philosophical thought? [on hold]

Do people tend to get more epiphanies(eureka moments, definite solutions to problems) when in a calm worry-free state or in a worried state because of the need to change the situation.
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75 views

Why does philosophy exist?

If Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. As defined by Wikipedia. Then if ...
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81 views

What did John Searle mean by these self-contradictory statements?

In his 1980 article “Minds, Brains and Programs” John Searle wrote: ” Of course the brain is a digital computer. Since everything is a digital computer, brains are too. The point ...
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39 views

How can we prove something exists?

As someone who likes a lengthy argument with many different points put across and many points shot down in the process, I was posed with this question which has made me struggle so far. My friend said ...
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38 views

Does mental incapacity imply physical incapacity? [closed]

If someone is mentally incapable of doing something, does that also mean they are physically incapable of doing it? My argument is that since the brain is a physical and material object, assuming that ...
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146 views

Why is Chomsky considered to have refuted Skinner's behaviorism?

I heard in a philosophy of the mind lecture that Skinner's behaviorism went out of favor in the 50s mainly due to Chomsky's critique of Skinner's behaviorist account of language acquisition. When I ...
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44 views

Phenomenology - certainty without fulfillment

In phenomenology is there ever certainty about something which cannot be fulfilled? Which I (perhaps v wrongly) thought was an intuition that something or other is the case, an experience of the ...
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121 views

Is Hawking channeling Kant in his explanation of how the arrow of time works?

In "A Brief History of Time" - Chapter 9, Stephen Hawking gives an explanation of how the arrow of time works, i.e. why time seems to move forward in one direction while space can go in different ...
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80 views

Has anyone tried to empirically demonstrate the existence of subconscious thoughts and motivations?

1) It seems to me that proving the existence of subconscious thoughts, motivations and mental states would be a definitive argument for dualism, since it would imply a level of complexity that can ...
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96 views

On cloning minds, persons and selves

Consider a teleportation booth which exactly replicates ones body and mind in Mars, whilst destroying that on Earth; as in Parfits Reasons and Persons. There is only one you at any one time; so ...
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79 views

How is soul-body hylomorphism different from property dualism?

From the SEP, regarding soul-body hylomorphism "The soul bears the same relation to the body which the shape of a statue bears to its material basis,", as well as other definitions (e.g. wikipedia), ...
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60 views

Can a person's 'sense of self' be transported across spacetime?

Let us assume that transportation of human beings (and other objects) is possible (maybe in the future), and we have the technology to do so. (Please don't debate the scientific plausibility of this.) ...
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97 views

How does functionalism solve the mind-body problem?

I can see how dualism and physicalism addresses the mind-body problem, but I don't quite get how functionalism attempts to solve the mind-body problem. Functionalism is just the thesis that mental ...
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2answers
119 views

What does the “mind-body problem” mean?

I'm confused about what the mind-body problem means. On some accounts the mind-body problem is specific to dualism. The dualist has to explain how the mind, a non-extended substance, interacts with ...
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1answer
144 views

How do non-theistic dualists explain the emergence of the mind?

For a theistic dualist, the moment when the brain is no longer just a lump of living neurons but a conscious mind is the moment their deity of choice puts a soul in the body. For an identity ...
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69 views

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

Def 1: Type-identity theory: brain states and mental states are the same thing. The mental state "I love Metallica" is nothing more than the neural configuration of a Metallica fan. Def 2: Multiple ...
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172 views

How does GEB support AI?

Typically, Godel's Incompleteness theorems have been used to argue against the possibility that the human mind is essentially equivalent to a formal system. However, in Daniel Dennett's book "Darwin's ...
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53 views

What is the difference between Jerry Fodor's LOT and Wittgenstein's Picture Theory of Meaning?

From Wikipedia: "[The] the language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) put forward by American philosopher Jerry Fodor describes thoughts as represented in a "language" (sometimes known as mentalese) that ...
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93 views

Has Hofstadter's concept of strange loop been given a more formal treatment (by him or anyone else) than “GEB” and “I am a strange loop”?

I find Hofstadter's concept of strange loop and how it explains consciousness to be very compelling. However I find the writing style in "Goedel Escher and Bach" to be too distracting and "I am a ...
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87 views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
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70 views

Do questions about the ultimate truth make sense? Are we capable of understanding the system in which we live? (Looking for directions/references)

I am recently reading a lot about topics like free will or consciousness. It seems that many philosophers are trying to argue about these concepts in an ultimate and final way, that means they are ...
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2answers
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Can the correspondance theory of truth take into account observer effects?

Kant wrote in the Metaphysics of Natural Science If we ·keep mathematics out of the picture and· think of the doctrine of the soul merely as a systematic art of analysis or as an experimental ...
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Does claiming that strong AI is impossible imply a belief in substance dualism?

I was reading an article by J Mark Bishop "The danger of artificial stupidity" on ScientaSalon, where he quotes his own research, John Searle and Hilary Putnam, among others, as proof of the ...
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35 views

How many minds operate at once? [closed]

I am constantly trying to figure out a question that itches me all the time - besides our consciousness and subconsciousness operating in conjunction is there any other mind? A super mind? We must ...
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7answers
289 views

How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
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Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
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Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
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56 views

fMRI prediction on decision making and implications on taking credit

First some context. There's a well known study, which has been replicated and conclusive about the results, that shows that some decision are made some seconds before the person is conscious about ...
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82 views

Is knowledge a form of energy? [closed]

To better describe my question, do the following experiment: Calculate x=12+26+67+71 Now you might have spent some time in getting the answer. You burnt sugar, you used up energy to get the ...
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4answers
112 views

Can the existance of consciousness be proven by refering to it?

First question here. I'm new to Philosophy and I'm wondering if it is a correct thing to say "I can prove my consciousness (to myself) by referring to it"? This came up in my philosophy class. ...
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50 views

Who is really the father of Mind

Do we need to continuously refer to Descartes as the father of the mind, or is there another candidate predating him who may be more qualified and allow for better conclusions to be derived on the ...
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130 views

“How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?”

I do not think this question can be answered adequately unless the thinker takes a 'moral realist' (moral reality) position - defined as a reality independent of the Mind. A Thought is an "immaterial ...
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57 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
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198 views

Is “mental illness” really a disease, an illness?

Or is it more like a character flaw we're not responsible for. I have read a bit on this, Szasz, some of the critical people, who I do not claim to be be representing except with the broadest ...
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60 views

In a way, isn't everyone biased somehow? [closed]

You hear people say that you ought to see an "expert" to get unbiased viewpoints. Isn't that largely based on the assumption that experts are unbiased? Or is it believed that smarter people in, say, ...
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180 views

Dreaming and Awakening: Both False?

Please pardon my layman's language as I am not a student of philosophy. I was talking to a friend who has read Advaita Philosophy of Shankara in-depth. He iterated the fundamental theory of this ...
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Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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139 views

Does a mind inherently gain understanding between “right” and “wrong” with the development of logical intelligence?

Humans, at least I think, seem to inherently understand, without being taught culturally, that some things are right and some thing are wrong. I can't explain this, thinking of thought as a very ...
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39 views

What is the definition for “Peace of Mind”? [closed]

The definition for "Peace of Mind" has always been somehow unclear to me. Is there even a clear definition for it? Or is it just subjective?
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151 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
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255 views

Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
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Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...
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What is going in our mind if we can not apply previous successes to current situations?

I'm not sure if this question would rather fall under the term psychology, but since there isn't yet a psychology SE forum, I hope it meets this site's criteria. Situation: I begin to tackle a new ...
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4answers
113 views

Is the consciousness currently in oneself the same the the consciousness that used to be or in the future will be in oneself?

People seem to believe that one's consciousness is a "different" consciousness than that of others, but the "same" consciousness as the one that has been in one's body in the past and the one that ...
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1answer
129 views

How does Parfit's “brain division” thought experiment refute the brain theory of personal identity?

Shoemaker proposes that identical persons are individuals who are psychologically continuous and share the same brain. This is the brain theory of personal identity. However, Parfit takes objection to ...
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116 views

Are human feelings and emotions overrated? [closed]

A human baby is born with very basic feelings like pain and hunger. I am not talking about the five senses, but rather what a baby can feel. As babies grows up, they learn other feelings such as fear, ...
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70 views

Overcoming procrastination & the fear of making decision.

I wanted to know any philosopher who addresses procrastination. & who deals with the overcoming fears such as decision making ? Much appreciated.
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101 views

How to know the exact meaning of the word? [closed]

I was wondering that sometimes I have feelings that doesn't mean fear but when I describe that feeling to my friends they said this is fear , Can we define exact meaning for each feeling ? for example ...
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What could be a neural correlate for attending the phenomenal nature of experience?

This is probably a question for non-materialists. I think I have heard the opinion that for anything of which we are phenomenally conscious there exists a neural correlate. For example, If I am ...