Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science.

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Dawkins's rebuttal to Aquinas's “The Argument from Degree”?

Let’s move on down Aquinas’s list. 4. The Argument from Degree We notice that things in the world differ. There are degrees of, say, goodness or perfection. But we judge these ...
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What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?

refer back to my older question: What are some criticism of Buddhism in logic? What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?
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Is it ethical to make someone close to death reconsider their faith?

I have always thought that it is unethical to make someone old question their faith, how old they are and how close to death they are is obviously subjective. My 'belief' has always been that in old ...
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Morality of God and Kant's Refutation of the Ontological Argument for God's Existence

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
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3answers
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Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's argument?

Kant criticized Anselm's argument for the existence of God by counter arguing the expression 'God exists' adds nothing to our meaning of God and so it cannot be true a God that exists is greater than ...
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Why do cults thrive? [closed]

The Catholic Church is currently the largest cult in the world and is thriving to the point of having the richest country in the world. The empirical data to support the Church definition can be ...
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1answer
111 views

Omnipotence: nothing that God is able to bring about due to a lack of power?

Wielenberg proposes the radically different definition of omnipotence (in Omnipotence Again, 2000) x is omnipotent if and only if it is not the case that there is some state of affairs, p, such ...
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3answers
149 views

Was Jesus or Muhammed crazy?

Too my extent of knowledge both claimed to be chosen by God and supposedly heard his voice. Now, both religions claim to be the one and only truth making co-existence ultimately impossible. If ...
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Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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5answers
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The problem of evil in secular philosophy

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...
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“Saving” Nietzsche

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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What sense does Pascal's wager take on after God has died?

What would a Nietzschean wager look like? Can we imagine such a thing? I'm not asking about the eternal return (unless you can include mention of Pascal in your answer.)
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Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
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2answers
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Understanding Bertrand Russel on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
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1answer
36 views

Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
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9answers
253 views

How can something exist, but never be created?

This question applies to both religion and science. According to my religion at least, God is subject to natural laws, he did not create all matter in the universe, but instead created the universe ...
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3answers
89 views

Is the following explanation of existence of god is philosophically justified?

In a discussion William Lane Craig VS Christopher Hitchens about atheism VS Christian theism, Craig made the following series of arguments: - Inductively, Universe must have a creator - Universe is ...
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2answers
68 views

Does “subjective attractiveness” have a place in philosophy?

I've just started reading Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith by Douglas Groothuis. He says on page 25: This definition of apologetics invokes both rational legitimacy ...
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7answers
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Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
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Are religious assertions as authentic as scientific ones? [closed]

If we're made to believe that water is composed of billions of molecules actually, but we've never saw it or observed it, still that scientific fact establishes a conceptual notion that yes, things ...
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1answer
77 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [closed]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
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1answer
50 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
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2answers
149 views

What are atheism and agnosticism? [closed]

(Apologies for the crazy length question) Whenever the thorny issue of theism vs. atheism comes up -- especially on the internet -- a further issue always seems to arise concerning what these ...
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1answer
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Existentialism in relation to Roberto Unger's Beyond Nihilism

Roberto Mangabeira Unger's series of talks Beyond Nihilism sorts historical religions and other -isms (democracy, liberalism, socialism, romantizism etc.) eloquently into three orientations, namely ...
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1answer
49 views

How can you satisfy Pascal's Wager in the eyes of the greatest number of living people?

Leaving aside the obvious objections to Pascal's Wager, imagine a general form of the Wager that could be formulated from the perspective of any religious belief system. Since some religions are more ...
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3answers
93 views

Naturalism under a neo atheist definition

The Free Dictionary defines Naturalism (in regards to philosophy) as... "A scientific account of the world in terms of causes and natural forces that rejects all spiritual, supernatural, or ...
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2answers
111 views

Does science need support from religion or philosophy to explain the creation? [closed]

Science is trying to explain how the universe is made. The beginning of the universe explains the Big Bang theory. But what happened before Big Bang? Science cannot go before that. So, does this mean ...
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1answer
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Chinese Beliefs about God and the physical world [closed]

I'm not sure if this question ought to be here, but I hope someone can help me out anyway... What is the major religious belief in China nowadays? Traditional buddhism taught by Gautama Buddha (i.e. ...
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6answers
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Would the prediction of scientific discoveries give credence to a holy book claiming to be inspired?

The academy cries foul and asks "where is your evidence religious person" and lo and behold here comes this little discovery which validates the very first claim the Bible makes. So with this in mind ...
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0answers
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Formalized monotheist religious system [closed]

I'm interesting in analysing religious arguments, the most popular ones, e.g, monotheistcs ones, in a logical formal way, but I didn't find such formalization anywhere. It appears that the concept ...
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3answers
112 views

Are religious beliefs inherently self-contradictory? [closed]

Religious people practice compassion, generosity, and altruism to save themself of eternal suffering in the afterlife. Isn't that behaviour motivated by pure self-interest?. Also most religions ...
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2answers
100 views

Is postmodernism pro or against abrahamic religion? [closed]

Sorry for the long text, but I need to explain my thoughts well. When it is said that postmodernism gives equal space to all forms of thought, many people think it means they are giving space to ...
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12answers
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Is “time” an abstract mental construct or is it something that exists independent of human consciousness?

I don't know if this makes sense, but I hope you can bear with me. When I consider my own existence with respect to time I can imagine three possibilities: (1) Time extends infinitely into the past. ...
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2answers
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Does Nietzsche's Free Death apply to God?

Nietzsche’s philosophy is notorious for its famous pronouncement that “God is dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers?” ...
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Are all advanced civilizations are likely to have a religious phase?

I am not sure if I should be posting this in the philosophy section, or the biology section. Anyway though, I was wondering if people think the believing in a deity is part of the evolution process? ...
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Epistemology of “Creationism Debate”

Epistemologically, is there any difference between a belief in non-interventionist evolution and a belief in young-earth creationism? If so, what is it? I'm not interested in the question of whether ...
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1answer
43 views

Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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1answer
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Is there a pantheistic religion built by Xenophanes?

In my philosophical overview book its said that Xenophanes was the first to criticize the greek polytheism. He concluded that there can only be one god. My book also says that this god is omnipresent ...
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1answer
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Should one consider that the world exists a 'miracle'?

Miracles are used generally in theological/religous contexts; outside of them they're seen as either rationally explicable as signifiers of theological truths that are uncovered by hermeneutics of ...
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5answers
375 views

Russell's Paradox & Existence of God

Russell's paradox is a famous theorem in set theory. It asserts that "the collection of all sets is not a set itself". In the other words "the set of all sets doesn't exist" in the world which ZFC ...
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2answers
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Trying to find all the arguments relating to gods

I'm trying to build a list of every argument relating to the existence, likelihood, evidence etc... of God in the Abrahamic tradition, or gods and the supernatural in general. I specifically want to ...
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Why should atheists bother debating theists?

I am currently digging into atheism/agnosticism (I will use atheism for terms of simplicity). Before, I was not religious, I really did not give the subject much thought. I am reading Richard Dawkins ...
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How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience

I've been reading about Plantinga's defense of free will and I can see how omnipotence is aligned with the existence of evil. What evades me, is how he resolves the conflict between foreknowledge and ...
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522 views

God and science

I've searched over the internet but I've found no satisfactory answer so far , How might science (Particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god? If we make the assumption that a ...
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2answers
147 views

If religious experiences are reducible to neurological events, can a pragmatist argue against their value?

This question is able to be stated fairly succinctly, and assumes that answerers will have a sufficient degree of familiarity with pragmatism and the notion of religious experience. My motivation in ...
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135 views

True source of religion [closed]

Is the source of religion psychological or intellectual? On the face of it, it would appear that religion issues from the psyche, not the nous. But it actually seems not to be the case, as there are ...
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6answers
315 views

The proper definition of atheism

What is the proper definition of atheism? I have heard people talking about atheism being a lack of beliefs or an absence of faith. That does not strike me as a very good definition though as every ...
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3answers
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Will God never die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
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Would we create God again? [closed]

If we took a modern society and erased all memory and knowledge of religion and somehow lengthened the life span to be infinite. And then allowed that society to progress, would religion be recreated? ...
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Why does Liebniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...