Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science.

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'Who made who?' as it says in that A.C.D.C song

The A.C.D.C song 'Who made who?' ; a definite philosophical question in a hard rock song. A common retort is 'If the 'creator exists who created the creator ?' I think this is problematic for one ...
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How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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Has there been an 'anthropological' study of the Christian Theology?

In Catholicism, as an outsider, as such one is immediately struck by the notion of the Trinity - the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, Mary the Mother of God and the immense overflowing panoply of ...
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What is the meaning of the Trinity in Catholicism?

In Mertons Seven Storey Mountain, his auto-biography from a man of the world to Trappist monk, he goes over in brief the notion of the Trinity in Catholicism in the penultimate chapter for the baptism ...
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The christian “soul” [closed]

Me and a friend of mine were talking about religion at school. I'm atheist and he is a Catholic Christian (he is in fact part of the Opus Dei institution) and after a while we end up with this ...
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Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...
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What does a justified disbelief in theism imply?

If one can justify disbelief in theism, what repercussions does this have on the monotheistic faiths? Is justifying disbelief in theism enough to warrant disbelief in Islam, Christianity and Judaism, ...
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Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
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Is Platonism a “religion”?

Having some general knowledge of Platon, and his ideas about the world of Ideas, could we consider his world of Ideas a divine world? Isn't that the same as the world of God? What makes religion ...
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Peer reviewed guides for the Philosophy of Religion

I'm searching for good journals that you can write for. Specializing in the Philosophy of Religion. Has there been any members here on SE which have written for these types of journals? What is the ...
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How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
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A supposedly new argument for the existence of God?

I am new to this SE so apologies if this question is improper. I have come across a supposedly new argument for the existence of God, I would be interested in hearing your opinions. (If my question ...
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Why are there so many religions? [closed]

If one religion is true, why wouldn't everybody would believe it? As there are multiple religions, does that mean that none of them are correct. Or is my leading statement wrong, and one or more ...
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Why is the 'problem of evil' considered so difficult?

If one believes in the 'supernatural' and some Supreme Being affecting our lives in various ways; if you believe we have free will and free choice and this Being allows us to have and use this 'free ...
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5answers
277 views

Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
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40 views

Define Internal and external vs Essence and illusion

In Buddhism, external reality is an illusion and internal reality is an essence. Luke 17, 21. Neither shall they say: Behold here, or behold there. For lo, the kingdom of God is within you. How we ...
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Philosophy and religion

Has studying philosophy altered anyone's religious beliefs (example, devout Jew/Muslim/Christian to atheist/agnostic)? Would you recommend intro to philosophy (uni level course) to a religious person? ...
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An Argument for the Unity of Truth?

I was thinking about truth, and came up with an outline for an argument that there is only one truth. However, this is just an outline and it is flawed, so I'm hoping you can help me critique and fix ...
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What does Deleuze mean by “the world can be regarded as a 'remainder'”?

Deleuze in Difference & Repetition writes in the chapter named as the Assymetrical synthesis of the sensible: It is therefore true that God makes the world by calculating, but his calculations ...
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God as in Pure act of being

According to the Thomistic view in Ontology, essence and 'the act of being' (I'm translating from a romance language) are different, in which 'to be' is the act received by the essence, which is the ...
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Burden of proof

Who has the burden of proof when trying to prove or disprove someones religious beliefs? I have always believed it belongs to the person who is making a claim but can there be exceptions?
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Yhwh: Exodus 3, 14. «I am that I am» and relationship to Metaphysics as Ontology

The passage of Exodus 3:14, where God presents Himself as «I am that I am», is it historically previous to Parmenides, the greek philosopher? I'm reading a manual on metaphysics as ontology. If I'm ...
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3answers
85 views

Does there a unifying concept of sin that works for all religions?

If we agree with the definition from Wikipedia, i.e. that it is "an immoral act considered to be a transgression against divine law," then it would be the divine law (and not us) that decides what sin ...
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An article by Jacob Pandian [closed]

There is an article named "The Dangerous Quest for Cooperation Between Science and Religion" by Jacob Pandian. I could not find it online. The article is also in a book Science and religion: Are they ...
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86 views

What's the difference between superstition and religion? [closed]

Both are based on what people say and believe to, so is it a matter of faith?
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Is there any philosophical value in “atheistic theology”

Apologies for the slightly clickbait title. I am an atheist, and I have no philosophy training at all. My questions are actually pretty simple. Are there questions in theology/religious philosophy ...
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104 views

Don't you think being “God-like” would be awfully boring? [closed]

If you knew everything there would be nothing left to learn. If you could do anything, there would be no challenges left to tackle. If you were everywhere at once, there would be nothing left to ...
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Taoism and Christianity

The current Wikipedia article on Taoism contains a relatively prominent section devoted to arguments in favor of an alleged similarity between Taoism and Christianity. Some authors have dealt with ...
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Does the “Lord's Prayer” increase corruption?

Consider this part of the Lord's Prayer: "and forgive (1) us our offenses, as we also have forgiven (2) our offenders" "perdoai (1) as nossas ofensas assim como nós perdoamos (2) a quem nos ...
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In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
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Zarathustra and the History of Western Philosophy

Zarathustra is famously invoked by Nietzsche to sweep away a univocal theology - Western Christian monotheism; in the history of religions Zarathustra is famous as the founder of Zorastrianism; this a ...
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Regarding attempted proofs related to other religions

Have there been any philosophical attempted proofs of the existence of Vishnu or Brahma or of the Divinity of Buddha? What about the existence of what the Freemasons believe in or those 'Thetans' that ...
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Dawkins's rebuttal to Aquinas's “The Argument from Degree”?

Let’s move on down Aquinas’s list. 4. The Argument from Degree We notice that things in the world differ. There are degrees of, say, goodness or perfection. But we judge these ...
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What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?

refer back to my older question: What are some criticism of Buddhism in logic? What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?
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Is it ethical to make someone close to death reconsider their faith?

I have always thought that it is unethical to make someone old question their faith, how old they are and how close to death they are is obviously subjective. My 'belief' has always been that in old ...
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Morality of God and Kant's Refutation of the Ontological Argument for God's Existence

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
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Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's argument?

Kant criticized Anselm's argument for the existence of God by counter arguing the expression 'God exists' adds nothing to our meaning of God and so it cannot be true a God that exists is greater than ...
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Why do cults thrive? [closed]

The Catholic Church is currently the largest cult in the world and is thriving to the point of having the richest country in the world. The empirical data to support the Church definition can be ...
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Omnipotence: nothing that God is able to bring about due to a lack of power?

Wielenberg proposes the radically different definition of omnipotence (in Omnipotence Again, 2000) x is omnipotent if and only if it is not the case that there is some state of affairs, p, such ...
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Was Jesus or Muhammed crazy?

Too my extent of knowledge both claimed to be chosen by God and supposedly heard his voice. Now, both religions claim to be the one and only truth making co-existence ultimately impossible. If ...
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Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

I have been watching some debates about the existence of god, such as Peter Singer vs. Dinesh D'Souza, or Christopher Hitchens vs. John Lennox. On the religious side, one argument comes up ...
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The problem of evil in secular philosophy

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...
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“Saving” Nietzsche?

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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What sense does Pascal's wager take on after God has died?

What would a Nietzschean wager look like? Can we imagine such a thing? I'm not asking about the eternal return (unless you can include mention of Pascal in your answer.)
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Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
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Understanding Bertrand Russel on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
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72 views

Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
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How can something exist, but never be created?

This question applies to both religion and science. According to my religion at least, God is subject to natural laws, he did not create all matter in the universe, but instead created the universe ...
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Is the following explanation of existence of god is philosophically justified?

In a discussion William Lane Craig VS Christopher Hitchens about atheism VS Christian theism, Craig made the following series of arguments: - Inductively, Universe must have a creator - Universe is ...
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Does “subjective attractiveness” have a place in philosophy?

I've just started reading Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith by Douglas Groothuis. He says on page 25: This definition of apologetics invokes both rational legitimacy ...