Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ...

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Why be human species? [on hold]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
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3answers
91 views

What is the relationship between Science and Religion?

I recently came across the explanation that Science explains things that can be explained, religion explains things that can not be explained. Is this true? I feel like this is true because ...
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0answers
36 views

How do debates about meaning affect the status of personal religious beliefs?

Debates about the meaning of meaning cut across the analytic/continental divide. According to externalist accounts (e.g. Kripke-Putnam's) people believe, or even know, that beeches are different from ...
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7answers
197 views

Are there any proofs that miracles are impossible? [duplicate]

Are there any logical proofs that miracles are impossible? In this case I define a miracle as an interference with nature by a supernatural power. [Edit: Possibly due to confusion about the ...
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4answers
83 views

Does Plantinga's freewill defense approach to the problem of evil conflict with current standards of moral responsibility?

Alvin Plantinga provided a solution (or what he called a defense) to the problem of evil based on the value of freewill. Assuming one believes in God, the problem is how to reconcile the apparent ...
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5answers
461 views

Is the problem of evil due to a fallacy or a paradox?

Informally speaking the problem of evil is pretty straight forward. On one hand: God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. On the other hand: Evil exists in the world. This is a ...
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4answers
90 views

Question about praying [closed]

This is a theoretical question about God (or about "a god"). If the best way to talk to God was not to talk to God at all, how would I know?
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5answers
151 views

Has anyone ever argued that religious beliefs are unjustified true beliefs?

Consider the following: It can be argued that some ethical rules are good for humanity, even from a utilitarian or evolutionary point of view. Some of these ethical rules are common to most ...
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45 views

In Fides et Ratio, how did John Paul II describe the role of reason and philosophy in the search for the meaning of life?

What is John Paul II saying in the introduction of Fides et Ratio, §§1-6 "Know Yourself"? What exactly is this question asking? I think the Pope is saying that excessive pessimism about the power of ...
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4answers
91 views

Can Pascal's wager be made to work?

There are many objections to the Pascal's wager, as originally stated, see for instance here. Personally, I don't think that the wager can be defended. However, I am wondering if it is possible to ...
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8answers
162 views

Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?

The fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is based on the fact that certain physical constants can only have very specific values for life to exist in the universe. If there was even the ...
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3answers
196 views

Nazism & ISIS and the misinterpretation of ideologies?

Some claim that ISIS is a political ideology stemming directly from religion. Others claim that it has little to do with religion per se and more to do with the interpretation of religion. My ...
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2answers
406 views

What makes an experience religious?

Throughout the history of mankind, religious leaders - Moses, Muhammad, Jesus, Buddha, and many others, have recorded experiences which they considered ‘religious experiences’. But what is a ...
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1answer
41 views

Are there specific names for and objections to “no miracles - no deity” argument?

"[Holy book] claims that [deity] performed many miracles in the past, and thus made their existence obvious. Therefore, [deity] would have no problems performing miracles these days. Miracles aren't ...
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7answers
569 views

What makes a religion genuine or acceptable? [closed]

Often people take it for granted that we should allow people to believe whatever they believe and not critisise that they choose to be religious. What I am wondering is what makes a belief acceptable ...
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15answers
10k views

Should I respect other people's religions?

My point of view is that there is no reason to believe any god exists without evidence. So I find religions a very irrational idea and I mostly heard people saying We have to respect other ...
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0answers
82 views

What is the religion of the future? [closed]

There's a famous quote said by Albert Einstein: "The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion.  It should transcend a personal God and avoid dogmas and theology.  Covering both the natural and ...
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5answers
216 views

Have there been any modern philosophical defenses of polytheism?

Modern philosophy of religion seems to be "Abrahamic-centric" with all of the discussion centered around problems specific to Christianity, Islam and Judaism. In particular most arguments for the ...
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2answers
101 views

Is religion a kind of mythology, or the opposite?

Can we define religion as "the mythologies that don't assume they are mythologies"? First, mythology is the oldest way of describing Nature. Polytheisms, extant or extinct, usually know|knew their ...
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6answers
340 views

On Atheists who are sympathetic to religion?

Most Atheists I have encountered fall into 2 categories: New Atheists: People who don't believe in God and see religion as an evil to be eradicated given the harm it has caused humanity (i.e. ...
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13answers
1k views

Can belief in science be considered a form of theism?

Based on the problem of induction, nobody can assert with absolute certainty that the laws of science (i.e. physics, chemistry, etc,...) will hold all the time, in every part of the universe. ...
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4answers
66 views

What are the classifications of arguments used for proselytizing?

Arguments that attempt to prostelytize seem to have common features that are relatively invariant across the particular religion to which they seek to prostelytize. What is the name for this basic ...
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1answer
43 views

Objectively speaking, can chanting be beneficial in any way? [closed]

Chanting rituals are part of almost all religions, and also many non-religious groupings e.g. martial arts schools, political activist groups, etc. The content of chanting varies from the simplistic ...
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2answers
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Are unexamined belief systems a.k.a. superstitions & dogmas, studied by a specific branch of philosophy? [closed]

Context: Superstitions, dogmas and various kinds of unexamined belief-systems are rife in almost all populations around the world, and all demographic classifications. While some are easily spotted ...
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2answers
112 views

Is there a list of philosophers grouped by their religion?

My knowledge on the subject is limited and by no means do I claim that my observation is representative of the actual trend but most philosophers whose works I care about reading are somewhere between ...
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4answers
226 views

Can science claim to explain all experience?

If so, how strong a claim? To expand the question: if there is a god that can be experienced, does that experience escape science? And a third question: can humans define something, or work with ...
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170 views

Is there a demarcation problem for religions?

So far, all of the philosophy of religion I have read focuses on the questions of God's existence and on the problem of evil. It seems to me that just as important would be the question of what a ...
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3answers
154 views

Can a omni-God exist (under the premise that sentience and being an omni-God are incompatible) [on hold]

Let us for the sake of convenience name this supremely powerful entity God and define him/her as an omnipotent, omniscient and prescient immortal being. Now, in the essence of things, God cannot be ...
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0answers
45 views

Is there any scientific evidence for the non-existence of God? [duplicate]

Is there any scientific evidence for the non-existence of God?
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0answers
26 views

Can omnibenevolence be seen as a limit to omnipotence? [duplicate]

The existence of evil seems almost to be an arbitrary step in the problem of evil. This is because an omnibenevolent being cannot have the capacity to act malevolently, which an omnipotent being must ...
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1answer
64 views

Is it good to have a country following a particular religion? [closed]

My question includes two parts. Firstly, I would like to know whether it is justified to have the division of countries with respect to religion. Secondly, I have heard that in some countries people ...
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3answers
112 views

How can my religious views be classified?

I was wondering if there's a name for my religious views. I'm pretty sure it would be some form of agnosticism. I would say: It would be logical that there exists one or more entities we can ...
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2answers
231 views

Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
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5answers
128 views

Science and personal beliefs [duplicate]

Talking with a friend of mine about the existence if God, I argued that science is the better way to believe in something, instead of believing in something using personal belief or faith; for example ...
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4answers
152 views

How do theologians and apologists justify the exclusiveness of their specific belief system w/r to similar but distinct belief systems?

There are several arguments for the existence of God. Whether you agree with them or not, all of these arguments argue only for the existence of a supreme being/first cause. None of them provide ...
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6answers
155 views

Does Strong Agnosticism (as opposed to Weak Agnosticism) justify taking Pascal's wager?

Definitions: Weak Agnosticism: not knowing whether God exists or not, but remaining open to deciding later (presumably after thinking more on the subject or gaining more facts). Strong ...
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5answers
245 views

Is it possible that religion is a part of science?

I had literature class and we were studying the Bible, and I as a non-believing person was kind of sceptical about it, but my teacher pointed out that the Bible, and all religions before it, are part ...
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5answers
178 views

Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
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5answers
2k views

Theories of Everything as a hold over from monotheism?

In his book "A Tear at the Edge of Creation", physicist Mario Gleiser argues that results from cosmology and particle physics make it unlikely that we will ever find an elegant unified theory of ...
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2answers
58 views

How is this called: not believing in religious doctrine but accepting religious institutions? [closed]

If a member of a (say, Christian) church does not believe in God (e.g. thinks god is a man-made concept) and the surrounding metaphysics but believes that the church as an institution serves a ...
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2answers
249 views

Does God believe in God? [closed]

Let's assume a God exists. So, does God believe in God? And if he does - in which one? I think that's not easy to tell - answering seems to require reasoning about objects in the domain of God. ...
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11answers
5k views

Is God subject to logic?

If someone claims that God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic ? (as we lose all the methods to know whether the claim is true or not?) Logic is the use and study of valid ...
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4answers
157 views

How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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2answers
58 views

Has there been an 'anthropological' study of the Christian Theology? [closed]

In Catholicism, as an outsider, as such one is immediately struck by the notion of the Trinity - the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, Mary the Mother of God and the immense overflowing panoply of ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the meaning of the Trinity in Catholicism? [closed]

In Mertons Seven Storey Mountain, his auto-biography from a man of the world to Trappist monk, he goes over in brief the notion of the Trinity in Catholicism in the penultimate chapter for the baptism ...
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1answer
83 views

The christian “soul” [closed]

Me and a friend of mine were talking about religion at school. I'm atheist and he is a Catholic Christian (he is in fact part of the Opus Dei institution) and after a while we end up with this ...
2
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9answers
701 views

Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...
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3answers
184 views

What does a justified disbelief in theism imply?

If one can justify disbelief in theism, what repercussions does this have on the monotheistic faiths? Is justifying disbelief in theism enough to warrant disbelief in Islam, Christianity and Judaism, ...
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4answers
182 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
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Is Platonism a “religion”?

Having some general knowledge of Platon, and his ideas about the world of Ideas, could we consider his world of Ideas a divine world? Isn't that the same as the world of God? What makes religion ...