for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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What do you call a statement that is accepted as true but has never been proved?

What do you call a statement P which has never been formally proved but all the observations so far verify it? This question comes from this scenario: some people use a software for work. They often ...
-1
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0answers
40 views

What's the fastest way to learn everything [closed]

Which method of learning is fastest? Is it school? Encyclopedias? Internet? I know there isn't a way to learn everything in a day, but the question is just which is the fastest way?
3
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1answer
57 views

What factors determine the research approach in science?

Research approach is how research lines develops in a discipline. More on it: What are the factors that influence a scientist in identifying and characterizing a phenomenon to study, and what is the ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Critical Realism and Social Science

Recently a new philosophical topic came to my attention: Roy Bhaskar's critical realism. I find it a very strange philosophy of science, and I'm having trouble with understanding all of its tenets. As ...
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5answers
209 views

Does Entanglement Disprove The Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
8
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1answer
82 views

What is Feyerabend advocating when he says that science should be separate from the state just as the church is?

In the closing chapter of "Against Method", Feyerabend states that: "Science is neither a single tradition, nor the best tradition there is, except for people who have become accustomed to its ...
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2answers
99 views

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy?

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy? I asked a question on physics.stackexchange, and was told they were philosophy. Does anyone disagree?
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1answer
69 views

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? [closed]

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? What is the term for this, in the philosophy of science?
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3answers
133 views

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I am reading Feyerabend's "Against Method", where he uses Copernicus's (and Galileo's confirmation) discovery of the fact that the Earth orbits around the Sun and other examples to show that ...
3
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1answer
39 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Are Nontransitive Dice a problem for probability interpretations?

A set of dice is nontransitive if the binary relation – X rolls a higher number than Y more than half the time – on its elements is not transitive. Different sets of such dice are known. 'Rolling ...
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0answers
86 views

Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
4
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1answer
75 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
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1answer
29 views

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
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1answer
58 views

Philosophy of Science: Empricism, Sense Data and Scientific Practice

How does sense-data pose a challenge to an empiricist account of scientific practice? And so how might one remedy this?
7
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3answers
135 views

Doesn't Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
5
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3answers
142 views

Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
3
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3answers
126 views

Is the claim that atheism is the null hypothesis invalid because it applies a physical measurement to the metaphysical?

I've heard several people state that: Atheism is the null hypothesis. ie that this null hypothesis can be falsified: if one piece of evidence is found to contradict it, the existence is considered ...
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2answers
80 views

Has anyone used the challenges facing the demarcation of science problem to justify religious and mystical worldviews?

Quine gave a serious challenge to the positivist program of establishing a purely observation and logic based epistemology. This essentially lead to the failure of the logical positivist's attempt to ...
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2answers
252 views

Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this... seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
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0answers
30 views

What is ontic structural realism about?

Ontic SR claims that unobservable entities do not exist, but we can still know the structure of the universe. So what are the corresponding structural (scientific) theories actually about? Can we ...
5
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7answers
195 views

How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
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4answers
215 views

Does truth not require belief?

The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.--Neil Degrasse Tyson Such scientific medievalism runs rampant today and speaks to the propaganda of vacuous ...
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1answer
56 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...
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2answers
100 views

Are all the consequences of a science in the science's principles?

"Chaotic" differential equations are very simple principles compared to the more complex consequences of them. For example, the equations modeling the motion of a double-pendulum, ,are relatively ...
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1answer
23 views

Are propositions of sciences to be considered propositions of natural language, in the Tractatus?

Given the following assumptions: 1) When Wittgenstein speaks about meaningful propositions he does refer to propositions of natural sciences. 2) About the problem of the perfection of language, he ...
7
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1answer
63 views

Logic of inductive inference will free statisticans - why?

I'm doing my best try to understand this excerpt of Efron's article (1998) on Fisher: Fisher believed that there must exist a logic of inductive inference that would yield a correct answer to ...
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0answers
62 views

Philosophy of Science: Empricism, Sense Data and Scientific Practice

Empiricists believe that knowledge about the world can only be gained from experience, such as is given to us by the senses. Yet sense data, in a manner of speaking, is still ‘in the mind’. How does ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
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2answers
168 views

Are Dawkins and Dennett more Sci-Fi than Science? [closed]

We hear much talk today about "consciousness explained" or the "selfish gene." These have become fashionable pop culture scientific explanations of the implications of human evolution from Daniel ...
4
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3answers
178 views

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Realism is the theory that there is a mind-independent reality which we can know and interact with. Anti-realism holds, in general, either that there is no such mind-independent reality or that if ...
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2answers
71 views

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical?

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical? I'm arguing with someone who claims that the alternative is just "positivism".
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0answers
93 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
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2answers
124 views

How should we measure the success of science and is scientific success a guide to truth?

How should we measure the success of science, and is scientific success a guide to truth?
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1answer
55 views

Was Kant incorrect to assert 'natural sciences' as 'a priori'?

[Source :] In natural science no less than in mathematics, Kant held, synthetic a priori judgments provide the necessary foundations for human knowledge. The most general laws of nature, like the ...
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1answer
95 views

How should science approach non-empirical phenomena?

I am not talking about miracles, religious revelation, or artistic expression, but something more mundane. There is a lot of "empirical" evidence that the Riemann hypothesis is true, the scare quotes ...
3
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1answer
72 views

What is the relation between grounding and emergence in philosophy of science?

So, I am wondering if anyone could help me with the notions of grounding and emergence in the modern discussions in philosophy of science. What are they and what is the relation between them? Any ...
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3answers
58 views

Is Kuhn's approach to the development of science historicist or not?

On one hand, Kuhn approach to the development of science is ahistorical in the sense that he doesn't believe in cumulative scientific progress or in their being any sort of scientific 'geist' that ...
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1answer
50 views

How can statements in linguistics be falsifiable?

Linguistics is the scientific study of languages, and yet it seems to me that many, if not most statements would fail falsificationist or even verificationist demarcation criteria. How can statements ...
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1answer
91 views

How do Kripke's rigid designators and the necessity of identity relate to the Duhem-Quine thesis?

The Duhem-Quine thesis refers to the underdetermination of scientific theories and the fact that it is impossible to test scientific theories in isolation, we always need to make background ...
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2answers
87 views

what is the difference between classical political philosophy and modern political philosophy?

I'd like to know the major changes that happened that lead to the change in thought, and what veered modern political philosophy away from the concept of city and man to the concept of natural science ...
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2answers
29 views

Can you feel a feeling you don't know about? Could it affect your emotions?

So, do you believe someone can feel lonely if they don't know what loneliness is? Don't you think people don't like / like loneliness based on experience (someone who never gets to be alone usually ...
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5answers
265 views

Is Philosophy about living?

I read some arguments in this forum about Western vs Eastern viewpoints. And about the idea that modern-Western thought applies Science principles and eastern, being older merely applies a more ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Why did only science and religion became widespread instead of magic? [closed]

and why is only science reproducible enough to be demonstrated to others at will? ========================== The books Harry Potter and the TV series The Librarian opened my curiosity to the 3rd ...
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0answers
15 views

What does Virilio mean by “speed distance”?

Does Virilio by "speed distance" mean "speed-distance"? Virilio for Architects By John Armitage
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2answers
197 views

What was Einstein's contribution to philosophy?

Daniel Dennett, in a lecture abut Darwin, mentions Netwon, Darwin, Skinner, Turing, Gödel, and Einstein as 6 "non-philosophers" who have had a major impact on philosophy. I can see how the other 5 had ...
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0answers
44 views

Does Every Logic Have the Potential for Violent Measurement?

Measurement, in the broad sense, involves useful abstractions and logical applicability that allow us to survey environmental data with extreme precision and prediction. The tools or instruments used ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Does physical cosmology imply ontological dualism?

This question has to do with scientific claims about the universe and could be asked in a number of ways. To my own very imperfect understanding, claims about "the universe" cannot be scientific ...
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2answers
74 views

Why is the line between philosophy and science unimportant for philosophy?

Source: p 87, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. Charles Darwin: The Origin of Species   The first thing we can learn from this fascinating book is not to ...