for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Theories on the “boundaries” between different bodies of knowledge

What do you know about the boundaries between different bodies of knowledge, e.g. bodies of science. I think it's a common question, e.g. "where's the boundary between mathematics and physics". But ...
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0answers
32 views

Is it really possible to walk on water with high speed? [closed]

If we are able to but one step forward before the other sinks then we must be able to walk on water ?
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2answers
79 views

What are the most important criticisms of Popper's account of Falsification?

Karl Popper is mostly known for his falsification principle. I'm very familiar with his account and I understand it well. I've heard multiple times that there are some real issues with this account ...
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2answers
103 views

Newtons law saved by ad-hoc hypothesis?

In the early 1800’s it was found that the observed orbit of Uranus deviated from the theoretical predictions (based on Newton’s theory of gravity and a seven planet model of the solar system). Instead ...
4
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2answers
92 views

Why is Hesperus necessarily Phosphorus?

"Hesperus (the evening star) is Phosphorus (the morning star)" is one of Kripke's examples of necessary aposteriori, statements that are true necessarily if true at all, even if their truth can only ...
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3answers
76 views

Ways of thinking about the world evolve for the better

I want to take it as given that our ways of thinking about the world have evolved--and will continue to evolve--for the better. (By "our" I mean educated society.) Science is able to characterize more ...
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6answers
220 views

Why should Science be falsifiable?

Why should Science be falsifiable? Furthermore, should disciplines - like astrophysics that are extremely hard to experiment on - be considered as a science in a standing point of philosophy? I ...
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1answer
84 views

Have David Wolpert's findings really “slammed the door” on scientific determinism?

I recently read an article describing how mathematician/physicist David Wolpert's research closed the door on scientific determinism. I have huge doubts about the implied conclusion, considering the ...
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2answers
89 views

Wittgenstein and Husserl

If Wittgenstein's Tractatus is right that: He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly. (TLP 6.54). and Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. (TLP 7). ...
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4answers
161 views

Can science claim to explain all experience?

If so, how strong a claim? To expand the question: if there is a god that can be experienced, does that experience escape science? And a third question: can humans define something, or work with ...
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0answers
50 views

Is there a term for the absence of evidence fallacy with regard to scientific falsification?

If one looks at the roots of science, it is not founded on being right, but on being easy to prove wrong. Popper's concept of falsification puts this in words. I see many who see the absence of ...
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2answers
125 views

Does the potential to be an intelligent life not qualify an organism as being equally valuable?

This question made an argument about abortion "based on the philosophical concept of intelligent life being valuable". This answer to that question claimed that an early-stage fetus isn't yet ...
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5answers
521 views

Would a theoretical decision maker subscribing to the following principles decide against human abortion?

I'd like to ask a purely logical question (with no regards to personal "opinion" or religion) about the interpretation of science on the matter of abortion in the situation of a decision being made ...
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1answer
44 views

What does Bachelard mean by “Applied Rationalism”?

I've heard this term many times. I've tried to google it but there is a very little about it. There is no online resource which explains the term and what is this position. So my question is, What ...
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7answers
206 views

To what extent are observations theory laden?

I understand the concept of how all observations are theory laden and how it works as a critique of the positivist program. From this link: Theory-ladenness of observation holds that everything ...
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2answers
112 views

Why is Philosophy termed as 'Mother of All Sciences'? [closed]

Why is Philosophy termed as 'Mother of All Sciences' ?
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2answers
204 views

What is wrong with Popper's theory of falsification? [duplicate]

Popper popularized the notion that empirical science can not be verified, only falsified. Isn't he right? How can someone verify a theory? To me, it does not seem possible. However, you can easily ...
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2answers
128 views

How to define a number [closed]

What is the positive real number (say less than one) that is not a rational nor an irrational number? I have encountered a mathematical problem that confused me about the definition of real ...
6
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9answers
228 views

Is science just a more refined and effective method of philosophy?

I'm a word geek and it came upon me to look up the word philosophy tonight: philosophy - the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. The thing that ...
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2answers
64 views

Nature of Persons and Mathematics

First, let me define 'Person' as anything complex enough to perceive truths about reality in the level that we do. Now, i'm gonna provide two mutually exclusive options about the nature of persons 1 ...
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122 views

Carl Hempel's covering law model of explanation in history

According to Carl Hempel in "The Function of General Laws in History" (The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 39, No. 2, 1942, pp. 35-48), explanation in history consists of the "derivation of the ...
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3answers
114 views

The Opposite Point of Positivist Epistemology

In the philosophy of science, I wanted to know what is the exact opposite point of the positivist epistemology? Actually I'm not from the philosophy area and thus not familiar with different ...
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8answers
513 views

What is the meaning of “There are questions that science can't answer”?

I've recently come across several statements to the effect "there are questions science can't answer", mostly from proponents of religion and mysticism, but also from scientists and secular ...
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2answers
127 views

The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void [closed]

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
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2answers
111 views

Mathematical theorems and science

We know mathematics is applied constantly in science to solve problems, even if sometimes (e.g: modern physics) there is not always a intuition of why such theorems can be applied (since there isn't ...
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3answers
146 views

Should scientific theories be self-consistent?

Bridgeman writes in A Physicist's Second Reaction to Mengenlehre:"The feeling that actually existing things are not self-contradictory is so elemental as to almost constitute a definition of what we ...
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3answers
77 views

Does the Church-Turing-Deutsch principle (i.e the physical version of the Church-Turing thesis) imply reductionism?

In the following I am not considering substance dualism or idealism, but only materialist/physicalist theories. The Church-Turing thesis states: Every ‘function which would naturally be ...
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3answers
309 views

Propositions that are always true, but aren't tautologies?

Consider the following statements: "Snow melts during the day in the Sahara" "A human will die without oxygen" "Photons have no rest mass" These are statements that are always true, not ...
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522 views

How did the logical positivists respond to Gödel's incompleteness theorem?

In a lecture on philosophy of science I recently listened to, it was stated that Quine was the one who decisively refuted the logical positivist program. I've also read that Quine and Popper were ...
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2answers
128 views

Can there be “non gap” arguments against reductionism?

Reductionism is the idea that any scientific theory can be eventually reduced to the laws of physics. For example the laws of biology can be reduced to chemistry, which in turn can be reduced to the ...
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5answers
92 views

Science and personal beliefs [duplicate]

Talking with a friend of mine about the existence if God, I argued that science is the better way to believe in something, instead of believing in something using personal belief or faith; for example ...
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1answer
116 views

Philosophical interpretation of computability of a finite math problem

There is an interesting debate in the area of Enumerative Combinatorics, a branch of Mathematics. Several mathematician are having a somewhat tongue-in-check debate whether a certain (very large and ...
3
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5answers
165 views

Is it possible that religion is a part of science?

I had literature class and we were studying the Bible, and I as a non-believing person was kind of sceptical about it, but my teacher pointed out that the Bible, and all religions before it, are part ...
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3answers
80 views

Is the existence or not of extraterrestrial life a philosophical question?

Watching the movie "Contact" and I couldn't help but wonder: What's the philosophical status of the question of the existence of extraterrestrial? Is it taken seriously? Has any notable philosopher ...
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7answers
269 views

Isn't science all about finding generalized representation of observations?

A lot of people in science talks about science as a discipline to find the fundamental laws or rules of the nature. They consider these laws to be the underlying mechanism that is making the nature as ...
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5answers
277 views

What is nothing?

In Lawrence Krauss' book A Universe From Nothing he portrays "nothing" as a physical state. He says that nothing is found by removing all of what we know to be things (particles, electrons etc). I've ...
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3answers
118 views

Can Zenos paradox of motion be applied to a flashing blue light?

Zenos paradoxes of motion generally refer to actual motion through space; however for Aristotle this is motion in only one sense; an other sense could be alteration, for example change in shape and so ...
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0answers
66 views

What is the unificationist theory of explanation

What is the unificationist theory of explanation, and how is it related to the idea of causation? Why do some philosophers of science classify unificationism as a kind of pluralism, and what are ...
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2answers
55 views

Normativity in Science

According to the description of language and norms in Analytic Philosophy (and especially in the way Rorty talks about it in Contingency Irony and Solidarity) we cannot judge one vocabulary using our ...
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25 views

Science and the Spectacle

Debords thesis is that the Spectacle becomes a positive objective force; and invades all forms of public and private life. It occurs to me that one would think that science lies outside this order; ...
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5answers
1k views

Theories of Everything as a hold over from monotheism?

In his book "A Tear at the Edge of Creation", physicist Mario Gleiser argues that results from cosmology and particle physics make it unlikely that we will ever find an elegant unified theory of ...
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5answers
269 views

Can we know the fundamental nature of space and time?

Can you please point me to an argument by a notable contemporary philosopher arguing why we may know the fundamental (metaphysical) nature of space and time? In a recent answer to a question I wrote ...
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3answers
66 views

Can a person's 'sense of self' be transported across spacetime?

Let us assume that transportation of human beings (and other objects) is possible (maybe in the future), and we have the technology to do so. (Please don't debate the scientific plausibility of this.) ...
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5answers
254 views

Isotope dating and philosophy of science

I'd like to ask if the dating " saying something has existed for XXXX years " is scientific ? When i try to apply the criterion of being falsifiable i find that the dating fails to satisfy that ...
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4answers
263 views

What differentiates the scientific method from other methods

From the controversy in this question, I would like to know what differentiates "the scientific method" from other method. I'm asking for differentiation, rather than a definition, because ...
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1answer
63 views

Control in scientific experiment

Very vaguely, I remember contemporary science experiments being described as a struggle to create some process or entity - and measure it. An obvious example would be the Higgs Boson. My question is ...
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12answers
6k views

Is there an alternative to the scientific method?

Intro The scientific method is a key process of how we acquire knowledge and may shape our understanding of the world. If I am not mistaken, this method has been defined several times during our ...
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4answers
216 views

Thermodynamics of Occam's Razor

Occam's Razor states, essentially, that among hypotheses with similar explanatory power, the simplest hypothesis should be favored as the most plausible. Thermodynamics states, at zero temperature, ...
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3answers
384 views

Does Science has any evidence to prove that ghosts don't exist?

Definition 1: Ghosts are the "creatures" which might be made of particles as we are, but unseen. Premise 1: We are made of particles or atoms which enable us to think and make us what we are (human ...
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1answer
78 views

Which branch of philosophy (metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, etc…? ) does the question of properly defining life fall under?

Questions like: - Are viruses forms of life, or just very complex replicators? - Would a Von Neumann machine be considered alive? - Does life have to be organic? - Is reproduction a necessary ...