for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Does gravity cause things to fall?

I always thought that science is something we model out of the real world. That is basically observe a few things and come up with a model to explain the observations and predict more. In this ...
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5answers
135 views

Is one commiting the “argument from authority” fallacy and/or the “consensus fallacy” when one refers to a scientific consensus when asserting truth?

Bob and Alice disagree regarding subject X. Alice holds view A regarding subject X. Bob holds view B regarding subject X. View A and view B are quite contradictory views. Both can not be true at ...
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2answers
64 views

What does Einstein mean, about 'practical results' and 'completely false notion'?

Source: p 112, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid. Primary Source: [I know not the page number because I found this online], The ...
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2answers
50 views

Are language, context and truth connected?

I have been thinking about the following problem for years and can't seem to resolve it. I'm looking for more information on the subject and would really appreciate some further reading on the ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's solution to the problem of divine action entail a total denial of the applicability of Newtonian physics to the world?

Alvin Plantinga offers at least two major solutions to the problem of divine action; that physical laws of the Newtonian sort are (often implicitly) qualified to apply only to causally closed systems, ...
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7answers
200 views

How is philosophical reasoning different from scientific or logical reasoning?

Does philosophy have rules or methods for reasoning or analysis like, say, the "scientific method" in science. If yes are there any differences and what are they?
6
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1answer
51 views

Prominence of Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism

Just what is the current dominant view on the realism/anti-realism debate on the matter of science? I have read from multiple sources that there is a consistent back-and-forth, but does academic ...
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0answers
21 views

What arguments are there against nomic necessity?

SEP explains that contingentists deny that nomic necessity, e.g. nothing can move faster than light is a specie of metaphysical necessity. What good reasons are there to agree and abandon nomic ...
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3answers
83 views

If we can't experimentally prove a fundamental law of physics due to human limitations, does that make it false?

The title is worded a bit vaguely so let me expand a bit on it. Say there is some sort of law of physics that's quite obvious if you had more than our basic 5 senses and lived in more dimensions, ...
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1answer
34 views

Should we allow metaphysical explanations as a possibility in scientific inquiry? [closed]

For example,suppose that the universe was in fact created by a supernatural god as told in some religions. Suppose for the moment that this scenario is the true one. Now, Rejecting the possibility ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Why do philosophical questions arise?

I've been reading questions and answers in this site for a while, and I've come to the idea that philosophical questions arise mainly in a response to a psychological need, like having a cognitive ...
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0answers
31 views

Is probabability of something raised if it saved you? [closed]

Just out of curiosity, I have heard of people who have been saved because they were sick and their work complex burned down or a criminal with glasses was attacking them and they knocked off their ...
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3answers
101 views

Does space have boundaries? [closed]

In order for the big bang to happen there had to have been some sort of boundaries to contain enough force for an explosion a release of energy that large to have been capable of creating a universe. ...
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0answers
76 views

Can anything be truer than true?

The Wikipedia page of Philosophy of Science says, "This discipline overlaps with metaphysics, ontology, and epistemology, for example, when it explores the relationship between science and truth such ...
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2answers
74 views

Does Quine consider the Homeric gods to have predictive power?

Quine wrote in his 1951 paper "Two Dogmas of Empiricism": "Physical objects are conceptually imported into the situation as convenient intermediaries not by definition in terms of experience, ...
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2answers
50 views

can time theoretically be changed by altering physical characteristics?

Is time a factor that can be altered by altering the physical properties that helped contribute to the concept of time?
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2answers
107 views

Do our best sciences show that the facts themselves can change?

Do our presently best sciences show that tenseless facts (it rains in London on June 1st 2016 at 10pm) themselves can change?
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2answers
85 views

What is the relationship between Scientism and Logical Positivism?

I always assumed that Scientism was just the layman's version of Logical Positivism. Scientism is the view that the natural sciences are the only source of factual knowledge about the world, ...
3
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2answers
94 views

Industrial Society and its Future [closed]

Ted Kaczynski, also known as the “Unabomber,” was born on May 22, 1942, in Illinois. A mathematics prodigy, Kaczynski taught at the University of California at Berkeley before retreating to a ...
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6answers
256 views

Are philosophy and science mergeable today?

In the past, both Philosophy and Science were one. However, because of the vastness of Science, it was cut off. I am inclined to go along the same line of thinking, but, is there a way to merge both ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Philosophy of beauty / Science

I have been thinking about the idea of science and its rightful activity conveying beauty. I got this idea from a quote from Richard P. Feynman which I attach it in the end of my question for ...
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7answers
224 views

Why have those scientists who rejected or opposed philosophy, still succeeded?

Preface: I know nothing about physics, and little about philosophy. This Scientific American article of 2015 May 8, this question, and this blog post of 2009 Nov 11 by Prof. Massimo Pigliucci ...
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1answer
19 views

Will qualitative analysis be made obsolete by quantitative or mathematical reasoning?

Quantification seems to be the trend in a number of disciplines. Contemporary Social Science research, for example, is increasingly becoming more inclined to quantitative methods, as they produce ...
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0answers
6 views

Is it possible to adopt the interpretivism philosophy of science when conducting a deductive study?

The philosophy of interpretivism is often associated with inductive studies. Is it considered too huge of a mismatch to adopt this philosophy for a qualitative deductive study? If so, what are the ...
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1answer
44 views

Why do we have to study history as an independent discipline rather than as a sub-field of other subjects?

Would it not be better if a historical event were to be analyzed under the lens of a discipline that is most to related to it? Take, for example, the splitting of the atom. Surely, a physicist would ...
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1answer
58 views

Does Quantum Physics Refute Ayn Rand's Objectivism?

Rand's Objectivisms' central tenets are that reality exists independently of consciousness, that human beings have direct contact with reality through sense perception, that one can attain objective ...
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6answers
431 views

What do you call a statement that is accepted as true but has never been proved?

What do you call a statement P which has never been formally proved but all the observations so far verify it? This question comes from this scenario: some people use a software for work. They often ...
3
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1answer
74 views

What factors determine the research approach in science? [closed]

Research approach is how research lines develops in a discipline. More on it: What are the factors that influence a scientist in identifying and characterizing a phenomenon to study, and what is the ...
3
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1answer
50 views

Critical Realism and Social Science

Recently a new philosophical topic came to my attention: Roy Bhaskar's critical realism. I find it a very strange philosophy of science, and I'm having trouble with understanding all of its tenets. As ...
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5answers
256 views

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
8
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1answer
88 views

What is Feyerabend advocating when he says that science should be separate from the state just as the church is?

In the closing chapter of "Against Method", Feyerabend states that: "Science is neither a single tradition, nor the best tradition there is, except for people who have become accustomed to its ...
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2answers
108 views

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy?

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy? I asked a question on physics.stackexchange, and was told they were philosophy. Does anyone disagree?
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1answer
69 views

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? [closed]

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? What is the term for this, in the philosophy of science?
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3answers
146 views

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I am reading Feyerabend's "Against Method", where he uses Copernicus's (and Galileo's confirmation) discovery of the fact that the Earth orbits around the Sun and other examples to show that ...
3
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1answer
51 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
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1answer
65 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's historical/...
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1answer
64 views

Are Nontransitive Dice a problem for probability interpretations?

A set of dice is nontransitive if the binary relation – X rolls a higher number than Y more than half the time – on its elements is not transitive. Different sets of such dice are known. 'Rolling ...
5
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1answer
112 views

Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
4
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1answer
81 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
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2answers
65 views

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
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1answer
61 views

Philosophy of Science: Empricism, Sense Data and Scientific Practice

How does sense-data pose a challenge to an empiricist account of scientific practice? And so how might one remedy this?
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3answers
153 views

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
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3answers
159 views

Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
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3answers
135 views

Is the claim that atheism is the null hypothesis invalid because it applies a physical measurement to the metaphysical?

I've heard several people state that: Atheism is the null hypothesis. ie that this null hypothesis can be falsified: if one piece of evidence is found to contradict it, the existence is considered ...
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2answers
86 views

Has anyone used the challenges facing the demarcation of science problem to justify religious and mystical worldviews?

Quine gave a serious challenge to the positivist program of establishing a purely observation and logic based epistemology. This essentially lead to the failure of the logical positivist's attempt to ...
5
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2answers
269 views

Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this, it seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
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32 views

What is ontic structural realism about?

Ontic SR claims that unobservable entities do not exist, but we can still know the structure of the universe. So what are the corresponding structural (scientific) theories actually about? Can we ...
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7answers
202 views

How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
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4answers
230 views

Does truth not require belief?

The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.--Neil Degrasse Tyson Such scientific medievalism runs rampant today and speaks to the propaganda of vacuous ...
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1answer
59 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...