for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Can there be 2nd dimensional beings? [on hold]

So, as I was thought humans experience the universe in 3 dimensions, therefore we are 3rd dimensional beings. But I was wondering, can there be beings in the second dimension? Now, this may sound dumb,...
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17 views

Should the power of an explanation have limited scope?

Should the power of an explanation, especially in science (though I'm interested if this changes anything), have a limited scope? Meaning that in abduction an explanation that explains more isn't ...
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34 views

Why does A.R.C. Duncan opine that compared with science or history, only philosophy obliges students to philosophise for themselves?

Source: p 393 Bottom-394 Top, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Moral Philosophy, by A.R.C. Duncan   An important consequence of ...
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152 views

If everything is theory laden, how can one argue against climate change deniers?

Per Quine's results from "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", the Duhem-Quine thesis, and later results such as those of Kuhn and Feyerabend, all empirical observations are theory laden. Even widely accepted ...
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59 views

If a physical property is emergent, can it still be artificially recreated?

Let's assume that a physical property is emergent, in the sense that it cannot be reduced to a function of the properties of its components. Can such a property be artificially recreated, or is that a ...
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108 views

Choosing between different theories according to Rorty, based on Kuhn

Popper tried to distinguish a scientific framework from a non-scientific framework ( like Marxism or Psychoanalysis, according to him) by suggesting the criterion of falsification. Kuhn suggested ...
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42 views

Paradox of the extend of space [closed]

We are in a house, the house is in the earth, the earth is in space, so what is space in? In something bigger? Then what is it in? It can go on like this right....? What is the truth?
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133 views

Examples of Falsifiability

I came across the notion of falsifiability quite recently. The wikipedia article on the same states that: Falsifiability or refutability of a statement, hypothesis, or theory is the inherent ...
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59 views

Philosophers of science and the practice of science

My impression is that those who have made major contributions to the philosophy of science, and those who have made major contributions to substantive scientific disciplines (such as physics or ...
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38 views

Are these two statements about Ramseyfication true?

They just seem intuitively likely, though I'm not feeling very au fait with what exactly Ramsey sentences are. the Ramseyfication of everything that is necessarily true in a linguistic system leaves ...
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163 views

Does gravity cause things to fall?

I always thought that science is something we model out of the real world. That is basically observe a few things and come up with a model to explain the observations and predict more. In this ...
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151 views

Is one commiting the “argument from authority” fallacy and/or the “consensus fallacy” when one refers to a scientific consensus when asserting truth?

Bob and Alice disagree regarding subject X. Alice holds view A regarding subject X. Bob holds view B regarding subject X. View A and view B are quite contradictory views. Both can not be true at ...
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What does Einstein mean, about 'practical results' and 'completely false notion'?

Source: p 112, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid. Primary Source: [I know not the page number because I found this online], The ...
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55 views

Are language, context and truth connected?

I have been thinking about the following problem for years and can't seem to resolve it. I'm looking for more information on the subject and would really appreciate some further reading on the ...
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97 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's solution to the problem of divine action entail a total denial of the applicability of Newtonian physics to the world?

Alvin Plantinga offers at least two major solutions to the problem of divine action; that physical laws of the Newtonian sort are (often implicitly) qualified to apply only to causally closed systems, ...
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224 views

How is philosophical reasoning different from scientific or logical reasoning?

Does philosophy have rules or methods for reasoning or analysis like, say, the "scientific method" in science. If yes are there any differences and what are they?
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54 views

Prominence of Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism

Just what is the current dominant view on the realism/anti-realism debate on the matter of science? I have read from multiple sources that there is a consistent back-and-forth, but does academic ...
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21 views

What arguments are there against nomic necessity?

SEP explains that contingentists deny that nomic necessity, e.g. nothing can move faster than light is a specie of metaphysical necessity. What good reasons are there to agree and abandon nomic ...
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95 views

If we can't experimentally prove a fundamental law of physics due to human limitations, does that make it false?

The title is worded a bit vaguely so let me expand a bit on it. Say there is some sort of law of physics that's quite obvious if you had more than our basic 5 senses and lived in more dimensions, ...
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34 views

Should we allow metaphysical explanations as a possibility in scientific inquiry? [closed]

For example,suppose that the universe was in fact created by a supernatural god as told in some religions. Suppose for the moment that this scenario is the true one. Now, Rejecting the possibility ...
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107 views

Why do philosophical questions arise?

I've been reading questions and answers in this site for a while, and I've come to the idea that philosophical questions arise mainly in a response to a psychological need, like having a cognitive ...
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32 views

Is probabability of something raised if it saved you? [closed]

Just out of curiosity, I have heard of people who have been saved because they were sick and their work complex burned down or a criminal with glasses was attacking them and they knocked off their ...
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101 views

Does space have boundaries? [closed]

In order for the big bang to happen there had to have been some sort of boundaries to contain enough force for an explosion a release of energy that large to have been capable of creating a universe. ...
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79 views

Can anything be truer than true?

The Wikipedia page of Philosophy of Science says, "This discipline overlaps with metaphysics, ontology, and epistemology, for example, when it explores the relationship between science and truth such ...
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78 views

Does Quine consider the Homeric gods to have predictive power?

Quine wrote in his 1951 paper "Two Dogmas of Empiricism": "Physical objects are conceptually imported into the situation as convenient intermediaries not by definition in terms of experience, ...
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51 views

can time theoretically be changed by altering physical characteristics?

Is time a factor that can be altered by altering the physical properties that helped contribute to the concept of time?
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109 views

Do our best sciences show that the facts themselves can change?

Do our presently best sciences show that tenseless facts (it rains in London on June 1st 2016 at 10pm) themselves can change?
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92 views

What is the relationship between Scientism and Logical Positivism?

I always assumed that Scientism was just the layman's version of Logical Positivism. Scientism is the view that the natural sciences are the only source of factual knowledge about the world, ...
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98 views

Industrial Society and its Future [closed]

Ted Kaczynski, also known as the “Unabomber,” was born on May 22, 1942, in Illinois. A mathematics prodigy, Kaczynski taught at the University of California at Berkeley before retreating to a ...
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260 views

Are philosophy and science mergeable today?

In the past, both Philosophy and Science were one. However, because of the vastness of Science, it was cut off. I am inclined to go along the same line of thinking, but, is there a way to merge both ...
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64 views

Philosophy of beauty / Science

I have been thinking about the idea of science and its rightful activity conveying beauty. I got this idea from a quote from Richard P. Feynman which I attach it in the end of my question for ...
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227 views

Why have those scientists who rejected or opposed philosophy, still succeeded?

Preface: I know nothing about physics, and little about philosophy. This Scientific American article of 2015 May 8, this question, and this blog post of 2009 Nov 11 by Prof. Massimo Pigliucci ...
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19 views

Will qualitative analysis be made obsolete by quantitative or mathematical reasoning?

Quantification seems to be the trend in a number of disciplines. Contemporary Social Science research, for example, is increasingly becoming more inclined to quantitative methods, as they produce ...
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6 views

Is it possible to adopt the interpretivism philosophy of science when conducting a deductive study?

The philosophy of interpretivism is often associated with inductive studies. Is it considered too huge of a mismatch to adopt this philosophy for a qualitative deductive study? If so, what are the ...
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45 views

Why do we have to study history as an independent discipline rather than as a sub-field of other subjects?

Would it not be better if a historical event were to be analyzed under the lens of a discipline that is most to related to it? Take, for example, the splitting of the atom. Surely, a physicist would ...
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62 views

Does Quantum Physics Refute Ayn Rand's Objectivism?

Rand's Objectivisms' central tenets are that reality exists independently of consciousness, that human beings have direct contact with reality through sense perception, that one can attain objective ...
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442 views

What do you call a statement that is accepted as true but has never been proved?

What do you call a statement P which has never been formally proved but all the observations so far verify it? This question comes from this scenario: some people use a software for work. They often ...
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1answer
81 views

What factors determine the research approach in science? [closed]

Research approach is how research lines develops in a discipline. More on it: What are the factors that influence a scientist in identifying and characterizing a phenomenon to study, and what is the ...
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52 views

Critical Realism and Social Science

Recently a new philosophical topic came to my attention: Roy Bhaskar's critical realism. I find it a very strange philosophy of science, and I'm having trouble with understanding all of its tenets. As ...
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272 views

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
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89 views

What is Feyerabend advocating when he says that science should be separate from the state just as the church is?

In the closing chapter of "Against Method", Feyerabend states that: "Science is neither a single tradition, nor the best tradition there is, except for people who have become accustomed to its ...
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109 views

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy?

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy? I asked a question on physics.stackexchange, and was told they were philosophy. Does anyone disagree?
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69 views

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? [closed]

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? What is the term for this, in the philosophy of science?
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155 views

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I am reading Feyerabend's "Against Method", where he uses Copernicus's (and Galileo's confirmation) discovery of the fact that the Earth orbits around the Sun and other examples to show that ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
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67 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's historical/...
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80 views

Are Nontransitive Dice a problem for probability interpretations?

A set of dice is nontransitive if the binary relation – X rolls a higher number than Y more than half the time – on its elements is not transitive. Different sets of such dice are known. 'Rolling ...
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112 views

Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
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81 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
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Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...