for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

-1
votes
0answers
14 views

Why it is impossible to find a Pythagoras triangle (in integers), where two sides are powerful numbers? [on hold]

It is too elementary to prove this simple conjecture for primitive triplets, but this might had been a strong reason behind many unsolved problems in the history of mathematics, especially the most ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Doubts about publishing priority [on hold]

My doubt is this: if I first publish a small book which gives an overall view of my philosophy of science proposal, could I legitimately try to publish afterwards some journal articles detailing the ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Are philosophical zombies possible? [on hold]

Please check out this video explaining the problem of other minds and the possibility of philosophical zombies! like it if possible :D https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=07JM_8AQ6WA
5
votes
4answers
135 views

Are philosophy and science mergeable today?

In the past, both Philosophy and Science were one. However, because of the vastness of Science, it was cut off. I am inclined to go along the same line of thinking, but, is there a way to merge both ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Philosophy of beauty / Science

I have been thinking about the idea of science and its rightful activity conveying beauty. I got this idea from a quote from Richard P. Feynman which I attach it in the end of my question for ...
8
votes
7answers
194 views

Why have those scientists who rejected or opposed philosophy, still succeeded?

Preface: I know nothing about physics, and little about philosophy. This Scientific American article of 2015 May 8, this question, and this blog post of 2009 Nov 11 by Prof. Massimo Pigliucci ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Will qualitative analysis be made obsolete by quantitative or mathematical reasoning?

Quantification seems to be the trend in a number of disciplines. Contemporary Social Science research, for example, is increasingly becoming more inclined to quantitative methods, as they produce ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Is it possible to adopt the interpretivism philosophy of science when conducting a deductive study?

The philosophy of interpretivism is often associated with inductive studies. Is it considered too huge of a mismatch to adopt this philosophy for a qualitative deductive study? If so, what are the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Why do we have to study history as an independent discipline rather than as a sub-field of other subjects?

Would it not be better if a historical event were to be analyzed under the lens of a discipline that is most to related to it? Take, for example, the splitting of the atom. Surely, a physicist would ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Does Quantum Physics Refute Ayn Rand's Objectivism?

Rand's Objectivisms' central tenets are that reality exists independently of consciousness, that human beings have direct contact with reality through sense perception, that one can attain objective ...
6
votes
6answers
395 views

What do you call a statement that is accepted as true but has never been proved?

What do you call a statement P which has never been formally proved but all the observations so far verify it? This question comes from this scenario: some people use a software for work. They often ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

What factors determine the research approach in science? [closed]

Research approach is how research lines develops in a discipline. More on it: What are the factors that influence a scientist in identifying and characterizing a phenomenon to study, and what is the ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Critical Realism and Social Science

Recently a new philosophical topic came to my attention: Roy Bhaskar's critical realism. I find it a very strange philosophy of science, and I'm having trouble with understanding all of its tenets. As ...
7
votes
5answers
245 views

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

Regarding the debate between quantum mechanics and determinism I have encountered a problem I can't find the answer to. It is my impression that in order to solve Bell's inequality you would have to ...
8
votes
1answer
83 views

What is Feyerabend advocating when he says that science should be separate from the state just as the church is?

In the closing chapter of "Against Method", Feyerabend states that: "Science is neither a single tradition, nor the best tradition there is, except for people who have become accustomed to its ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy?

Are QM interpretations physics or philosophy? I asked a question on physics.stackexchange, and was told they were philosophy. Does anyone disagree?
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? [closed]

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? What is the term for this, in the philosophy of science?
9
votes
3answers
145 views

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I am reading Feyerabend's "Against Method", where he uses Copernicus's (and Galileo's confirmation) discovery of the fact that the Earth orbits around the Sun and other examples to show that ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Are Nontransitive Dice a problem for probability interpretations?

A set of dice is nontransitive if the binary relation – X rolls a higher number than Y more than half the time – on its elements is not transitive. Different sets of such dice are known. 'Rolling ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Have any metaphysics arguments been critiqued along the lines of Turing Equivalence in computer languages?

I'm interested in those areas of philosophy for which modern theories of information science offer intuitive explanations and useful solutions to questions historically included under the subject of ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

If it's impossible to separate science from metaphysics, is it is also impossible to separate science from ethics and values?

One of the most important results in philosophy of science is that every observation is "theory-laden", i.e. that the outcome of any scientific experiment is affected by the theoretical ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Philosophy of Science: Empricism, Sense Data and Scientific Practice

How does sense-data pose a challenge to an empiricist account of scientific practice? And so how might one remedy this?
7
votes
3answers
144 views

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
5
votes
3answers
149 views

Does human progress ultimately reduce individuals to Nietzsche's last men?

Human progress – technological, scientific, social, etc. – seeks to reduce, and ultimately totally eliminate, the aspects of life we perceive as unpleasant – loss, tragedy, suffering ... However, an ...
3
votes
3answers
131 views

Is the claim that atheism is the null hypothesis invalid because it applies a physical measurement to the metaphysical?

I've heard several people state that: Atheism is the null hypothesis. ie that this null hypothesis can be falsified: if one piece of evidence is found to contradict it, the existence is considered ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

Has anyone used the challenges facing the demarcation of science problem to justify religious and mystical worldviews?

Quine gave a serious challenge to the positivist program of establishing a purely observation and logic based epistemology. This essentially lead to the failure of the logical positivist's attempt to ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

Did Kant consider Newtonian mechanics a priori?

Did Kant take Newtonian physics as being synthetic a priori? I get the feeling he did. If he did, how did he justify this, it seems like a huge blunder for such a careful thinker. I mean... Kant ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What is ontic structural realism about?

Ontic SR claims that unobservable entities do not exist, but we can still know the structure of the universe. So what are the corresponding structural (scientific) theories actually about? Can we ...
5
votes
7answers
197 views

How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
4
votes
4answers
222 views

Does truth not require belief?

The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.--Neil Degrasse Tyson Such scientific medievalism runs rampant today and speaks to the propaganda of vacuous ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...
7
votes
2answers
106 views

Are all the consequences of a science in the science's principles?

"Chaotic" differential equations are very simple principles compared to the more complex consequences of them. For example, the equations modeling the motion of a double-pendulum, ,are relatively ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Are propositions of sciences to be considered propositions of natural language, in the Tractatus?

Given the following assumptions: 1) When Wittgenstein speaks about meaningful propositions he does refer to propositions of natural sciences. 2) About the problem of the perfection of language, he ...
7
votes
1answer
63 views

Logic of inductive inference will free statisticans - why?

I'm doing my best try to understand this excerpt of Efron's article (1998) on Fisher: Fisher believed that there must exist a logic of inductive inference that would yield a correct answer to ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Philosophy of Science: Empricism, Sense Data and Scientific Practice

Empiricists believe that knowledge about the world can only be gained from experience, such as is given to us by the senses. Yet sense data, in a manner of speaking, is still ‘in the mind’. How does ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Can Humans Maintain a Free Relationship With Technology?

Heidegger argues in the “The Question Concerning Technology” that the essence of technology is a mode of disclosure or revealing, aletheia. However, modern technology has a special character which ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Are Dawkins and Dennett more Sci-Fi than Science? [closed]

We hear much talk today about "consciousness explained" or the "selfish gene." These have become fashionable pop culture scientific explanations of the implications of human evolution from Daniel ...
4
votes
3answers
188 views

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Realism is the theory that there is a mind-independent reality which we can know and interact with. Anti-realism holds, in general, either that there is no such mind-independent reality or that if ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical?

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical? I'm arguing with someone who claims that the alternative is just "positivism".
4
votes
0answers
100 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

How should we measure the success of science and is scientific success a guide to truth?

How should we measure the success of science, and is scientific success a guide to truth?
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Was Kant incorrect to assert 'natural sciences' as 'a priori'?

[Source :] In natural science no less than in mathematics, Kant held, synthetic a priori judgments provide the necessary foundations for human knowledge. The most general laws of nature, like the ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How should science approach non-empirical phenomena?

I am not talking about miracles, religious revelation, or artistic expression, but something more mundane. There is a lot of "empirical" evidence that the Riemann hypothesis is true, the scare quotes ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What is the relation between grounding and emergence in philosophy of science?

So, I am wondering if anyone could help me with the notions of grounding and emergence in the modern discussions in philosophy of science. What are they and what is the relation between them? Any ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

Is Kuhn's approach to the development of science historicist or not?

On one hand, Kuhn approach to the development of science is ahistorical in the sense that he doesn't believe in cumulative scientific progress or in their being any sort of scientific 'geist' that ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How can statements in linguistics be falsifiable?

Linguistics is the scientific study of languages, and yet it seems to me that many, if not most statements would fail falsificationist or even verificationist demarcation criteria. How can statements ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

How do Kripke's rigid designators and the necessity of identity relate to the Duhem-Quine thesis?

The Duhem-Quine thesis refers to the underdetermination of scientific theories and the fact that it is impossible to test scientific theories in isolation, we always need to make background ...