Tagged Questions

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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0answers
10 views

An article by Jacob Pandian. Urgent

There is an article named "The Dangerous Quest for Cooperation Between Science and Religion" by Jacob pandian. I could not find it online. I will be highly thankful if some one could give me a link or ...
7
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5answers
476 views

What is the philosophy behind the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics?

Perhaps it is a stereotype, but I assumed that most physicists are empirical realists (external reality affects our senses, and science infers a representation of it from sensory data). At the same ...
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5answers
99 views

Would this morality be truly objective?

I'll be working on the assumption that the general scientific consensus is correct and that the evidence does, indeed, point inescapably towards the fact that we are primates with a well-developed ...
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3answers
56 views

Dark Forest Postulate used to explain the fermi paradox?

This is the founding premise of science fiction "The Three Body Problem" It starts with two axioms Survival is the most important goal of every civilization Every civilization will continue to ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
3
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4answers
145 views

Is there a boundary on 'physical'?

I have asserted many times here that physicalism as degraded into an undecidable question, and I would like to see how strong my understanding is. It seems to me that whenever we approach the ...
3
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3answers
201 views

What purpose do mathematics and philosophy serve epistemologically (compared to sciences)?

Kant did not consider them sciences, but meta-disciplines that study a priori conditions of doing science. Indeed, both mathematics and philosophy permeate all empirical sciences to varying degrees, ...
2
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3answers
150 views

Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
5
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3answers
162 views

Do mathematician always agree at the end?

I know it's a off beat question but I thought philosophical answer would be better. I've been trying to study some different sciences in my life, ranging from biology to mathematics, and if I try to ...
20
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3answers
2k views

In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
7
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4answers
230 views

Can philosophy overcome “the two cultures” divide?

Snow noted a growing divide between "the two cultures" in Western society, scientists and "literary intellectuals", who became increasingly self-absorbed and incomprehensible to each other. One of ...
0
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2answers
106 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
5
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2answers
169 views

What is mathematics? [duplicate]

Is mathematical practice: an act of discovery of eternal objects and ideas independent of human existence; an intuition-free game in which symbols are manipulated according to a fixed sets of rules; ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Is there parallelism between mental acts and development of science?

In Kuhn's description of scientific history observations are interpreted through a prism of a priori presuppositions collected into "paradigms". Once discrepancies with expectations ("anomalies") ...
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1answer
61 views

Are we spending too much time asking hard to answer questions while we'd be better off asking more productive ones?

I've heard this on several occasions and I think it is true if we're spending too much of our time on them. It might not be true for some people, but then, how do they decide it isn't true for them? ...
3
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3answers
61 views

Does phenomenology determine ontology?

There were many historical instances where phenomena could be explained by seemingly incompatible theories, Copernican and Ptolemaic systems, corpuscular and wave theories of light, interpretations of ...
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3answers
161 views

Are there two different mathematics in philosophy?

I was looking at arguments about mathematics being a science (or not), here for example, but it seems that these arguments are more about some metaphysical idea of mathematics rather than the subject ...
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5answers
554 views

Is there any links between philosophy and programming or computer science

I'm assuming that this is not a personal matter/question and that other people may find themselves in my case : how can I learn philosophy along with computer programming and use the philosophical ...
2
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5answers
138 views

Is everything statistically describable?

I am really struggling with this question. Do you have an example which is not statistically describable? If not, is everything statistically describable? if yes, why is everything statistically ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Is avoiding hypocrisy an impulse for philosophy?

Following on from this thead, and somewhat related to this question that I recently asked: Could the job of philosophy be creating a system of belief in which I [or the thinker in general] can accept ...
2
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1answer
50 views

The criteron of manipulatability as un-reality

Entity realists often say that everything that can be manipulated in science is real, even in the unobservable domain. Entity realism is the view that under conditions in which one can ...
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4answers
109 views

Tu quoque and scientific anti-philosophy [closed]

Unless I misunderstood this recent thread, the scientifically minded can legitimately only believe in science (not philosophy), and what is "robust and reliable", it's just that they don't prove it's ...
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4answers
149 views

How can anyone justify conspiracy theories / scietific skepticism

The number of conspiracy like theories is exponential. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_conspiracy_theories Here are the most famous. How many of these have achieved any tangible success ...
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3answers
75 views

What caused the cause (to the power of eternity)

Modern science says that a cause causes another cause. i.e. the big bang was a cause which eventually caused everything we see today. So what caused the big bang? Apparently multi-verses colliding? ...
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0answers
34 views

What if any inherent obstructions are there to scientific understanding? [closed]

A friend described the methodology of science as follows: Observe some aspect of the universe. Invent a tentative description, called a hypothesis, that is consistent with what you have ...
5
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5answers
698 views

Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
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5answers
77 views

How did Evolution create new information and the bio-diversity we see? [closed]

How does an unguided, unintelligent process, create the genetic information, or rather instruction, to create new kinds of species. The two main mechanisms of Evolution seem completely inadequate to ...
4
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1answer
41 views

Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
2
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9answers
261 views

How can something exist, but never be created?

This question applies to both religion and science. According to my religion at least, God is subject to natural laws, he did not create all matter in the universe, but instead created the universe ...
0
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2answers
68 views

Circular nature of the cosmos. (π) [closed]

I've been pondering the irrational number that is pi and how it relates to the infinity of the universe. We often see many cycles in nature, current scientific theory states that the universe began as ...
2
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2answers
50 views

How does one become a philosopher, or what makes one a philosopher? [duplicate]

What makes someone a philosopher? When, how, or under what circumstances is the title of philosopher justified? Wikipedia states that philosophy is the study of reason. If I study reason, am I a ...
3
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3answers
81 views

Philosophically, what are ways in which one can define “intelligence” in general?

I've always been wondering, what with I.Q. tests and all, how one can better sense intelligence. Not intelligence as in how much we are measured to know, but how much of what we know is actually known ...
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1answer
101 views

Why are Popper's basic statements not justifiaible by experience?

In his Logik der Forschung Popper writes that basic statements are not justifiable by our immediate experiences, but are … accepted by an act, a free decision (LSD, 109) The SEP entry on Popper ...
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2answers
105 views

Are there counterarguments to chaos theory? [closed]

I understand that chaos theory states that any small event or choice determines the next set of events or actions. What, if any, are the counterarguments given regarding the validity of chaos ...
4
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5answers
161 views

Why should we believe other people, or scientists?

Looking for sourced answers or article references for this question, please. Why should someone believe another person's assertions? I would imagine that the answer is because most of the times when ...
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11answers
3k views

How NOT to know everything? Or how to deal with it [closed]

As a child I was mostly interested in biology, poetry, physics and mathematics, as a teenager I got interested in history, religion, languages and (of course) computers. I was (am?) pretty much sure ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Is philosophical (total) skepticism compatible with the modern scientific world view?

I've been interested in philosophical skepticism lately as I've just recently learned about the close relationship between certain schools of ancient skepticism and fallibilism, which I'm told is the ...
6
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7answers
220 views

Difference between math and physics in terms of describing the/a universe?

"The difference between math and physics is that physics describes our universe, while math describes any potential universe" This was one of my math professor's arguments in trying to convince me to ...
5
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1answer
208 views

Roko's Basilisk as Descartes' evil genius?

I'll try to pose a shortened version of Roko's Basilisk below and then ask about how it relates to Descartes' evil genius: The idea is that down the line may it be decades or centuries from ...
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4answers
216 views

Is Mathematics considered a science?

Science, generally is analyzing information gathered from observing phenomena, and coming up with theories to try and explain the phenomena. Then, attempting to predict a new phenomenon before it ...
3
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0answers
75 views

Marc Lange's stability concept of laws of nature: how do disjunctive antecedents work?

Dear philosophizing community! I'm an ecology student who's dabbling into philosophy of science. I'm currently writing a term paper on laws of nature (with a focus on ecology as a special science) ...
3
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3answers
88 views

Is mathematics as a concept value-laden?

Joan Robinson in Economic Philosophy writes: Perhaps Gunnar Myrdal is too sweeping when he says (speaking as an economist) that 'our very concepts are value-loaded' and 'cannot be defined except ...
3
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2answers
106 views

Can a non-falsifiable belief ever be justified (besides for tautologies)?

Probably thanks to Popper, a scientific theory would never be taken seriously if it wasn't as least in some way falsifiable. Without getting into the nitty-gritty of the many theories of ...
3
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5answers
253 views

Could the assumption of materialism be a flaw in the scientific method?

The scientific method operates by validating theories through observation and experimentation, if the observations and experimentation is inconsistent with the theory, the theory must be rethought. ...
4
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5answers
196 views

Justify Occam's Razor

I'm aware of a few justifications for Occam's (or Ockham) Razor, as it's usually understood that extra factors/complexities should not be added unnecessarily. The only truly compelling justification I ...
33
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10answers
10k views

Why does the universe obey scientific laws?

As far as anyone is aware, the universe consistently acts according to predictable laws (and scientific inquiry exists to determine those laws). Is there any metaphysical reason for this? Is such a ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Is the Kuhnian paradigm shift (or sublation) materialistic or idealistic?

Kuhns book The Structure of scientific revolution is based on Hegels philosophy of history and uses, as Hegel did, the dialectic as the motor of history. What Kuhn terms paradigm shifts, in Hegelian ...
4
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9answers
468 views

Shouldn't fallibilism be a reason to abandon science?

The Wikipedia page on Fallibilism (currently) makes the intriguing claim that "Fallibilism is related to Pyrrhonistic Skepticism, in that Pyrrhonists of history are sometimes referred to as ...
4
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5answers
255 views

Can mathematics be political?

The Liverpool Tate have an exhibition currently running that discusses the dialectic between politics and art - the situationists, Bertolt Brecht and earlier the patronage of the court. Mathematics, ...
3
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1answer
141 views

How does Kant respond to Humes problem of Induction?

Its generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Humes critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...