for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Is Mathematics considered a science?

Science, generally is analyzing information gathered from observing phenomena, and coming up with theories to try and explain the phenomena. Then, attempting to predict a new phenomenon before it ...
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0answers
38 views

Marc Lange's stability concept of laws of nature: how do disjunctive antecedents work?

Dear philosophizing community! I'm an ecology student who's dabbling into philosophy of science. I'm currently writing a term paper on laws of nature (with a focus on ecology as a special science) ...
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19 views

Examples of some creative philosophical theories applied to classical historical problems that have changed the world/ situation [on hold]

I'm interested to know if there some very creative application of some philosophical/ management theories that were applied to some timeless problems which yielded result that probably surprised ...
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3answers
67 views

Is mathematics as a concept value-laden?

Joan Robinson in Economic Philosophy writes: Perhaps Gunnar Myrdal is too sweeping when he says (speaking as an economist) that 'our very concepts are value-loaded' and 'cannot be defined except ...
3
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2answers
66 views

Can a non-falsifiable belief ever be justified (besides for tautologies)?

Probably thanks to Popper, a scientific theory would never be taken seriously if it wasn't as least in some way falsifiable. Without getting into the nitty-gritty of the many theories of ...
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5answers
174 views

Could the assumption of materialism be a flaw in the scientific method?

The scientific method operates by validating theories through observation and experimentation, if the observations and experimentation is inconsistent with the theory, the theory must be rethought. ...
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5answers
169 views

Justify Occam's Razor

I'm aware of a few justifications for Occam's (or Ockham) Razor, as it's usually understood that extra factors/complexities should not be added unnecessarily. The only truly compelling justification I ...
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10answers
9k views

Why does the universe obey scientific laws?

As far as anyone is aware, the universe consistently acts according to predictable laws (and scientific inquiry exists to determine those laws). Is there any metaphysical reason for this? Is such a ...
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1answer
54 views

Is the Kuhnian paradigm shift (or sublation) materialistic or idealistic?

Kuhns book The Structure of scientific revolution is based on Hegels philosophy of history and uses, as Hegel did, the dialectic as the motor of history. What Kuhn terms paradigm shifts, in Hegelian ...
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8answers
404 views

Shouldn't fallibilism be a reason to abandon science?

The Wikipedia page on Fallibilism (currently) makes the intriguing claim that "Fallibilism is related to Pyrrhonistic Skepticism, in that Pyrrhonists of history are sometimes referred to as ...
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5answers
223 views

Can mathematics be political?

The Liverpool Tate have an exhibition currently running that discusses the dialectic between politics and art - the situationists, Bertolt Brecht and earlier the patronage of the court. Mathematics, ...
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1answer
56 views

How does Kant respond to Humes problem of Induction?

Its generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Humes critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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2answers
97 views

Discovering inter-atomic forces or taking Newtons law seriously

I've already asked this question on Physics.SE, but it got no response; its not a conventional physics question, but really on how to interpret physical equations and physics. Newtons law of gravity ...
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3answers
83 views

Could a scientific unification theory and scientific method itself be misleading?

I aspire to one day be a scientist (specifically an astrophysicist) and I have been reading up on many novels (like those of Asimov) which look into the development of humanity. I know that our ...
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18answers
2k views

Confusion about reasoning in science

Situation 1: One puts the hypothesis (Call it hypothesis H1) that "there exists a force of attraction between every two masses". One obtains a high degree of belief in this hypothesis by testing it ...
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3answers
104 views

What must nature's uniformity be like in order for scientific induction to be (non-deductively) valid?

I was thinking about one of the points made about induction, that it assumes that nature is uniform. So this leads me to the question about what this uniformity must be like in order for induction to ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there a modern, secular argument for the soul?

In modern times it is common to think the soul is a religious belief. Even though the original arguments for the soul were not religious (e.g. Plato and Aristotle, and more recently Descartes, ...
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1answer
85 views

Actual infinite vs. Potential infinite [closed]

I'm looking for bibliography about the problem of Actual infinite vs. Potential infinite. I would appreciate information about papers or books treating this problem deeply, philosophical and ...
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3answers
133 views

Possible worlds and the worlds of Quantum Mechanics

I am not really familiar with the metaphysics of the "worlds" from the Many Worlds Interpretation of QM. How do these worlds relate to possible worlds in the Lewisian sense? Lewis wrote a short piece ...
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0answers
36 views

I do not get philosophy [duplicate]

I do not get philosophy. I understand it has been historically very important, but I wonder what value adds to scientific research nowadays. I have only a very limited (read:close to zero) amount ...
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2answers
59 views

Why do we formalize conceptions?

Why do we always try to formalize conceptions? Let's take the naive conception of sets, why do we try to write down a list of axioms? what do we earn in doing so? I'm looking especially for ...
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5answers
241 views

Role of Science

I have often read people on Physics.SE (and on many other sites) say that the role of physics is only to provide a good description of nature. For example, we don't ask questions like 'why does x ...
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5answers
168 views

Should scientific realists reject knowledge obtained by psychology?

Psychology wields a fair amount of power in our society - criminals are sentenced or released based on the evidence of psychologists. Employers often rely on psychological tests to determine whether ...
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1answer
61 views

What did Einstein make of Bohmian Mechanics?

Its well-known that Einstein was uncomfortable about the anti-realist and non-deterministic status of Quantum Mechanics, declaring that God does not play dice However, a realist and ...
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3answers
191 views

Is the number of universes finite, countably infinite or uncountably infinite (and what size of uncountable if so)?

Assuming that the alternative universe theory is correct, how many alternate universes are there? From my understanding an alternate universe "pops up" whenever a particle goes from being in an ...
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3answers
534 views

Opposite Universe

Let us assume we live in a shared Universe which can be fully described mathematically, and that all mathematical variables have an opposite. 2 is opposite to -2, and true is opposite to false. When I ...
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2answers
96 views

Definition of concept

What definition does contemporary analytic philosophy give of 'concept'? And what is the difference between a concept of something and a conception of something? Then what's the difference between ...
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3answers
129 views

Does Randomness depend on the observer?

Does randomness of an event depend on the observer? For example, when a coin is tossed it the outcome may appear random to the person who tossed it, yet to say a supercomputer which had at that time ...
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0answers
39 views

George Berkeley’s view that “to be, is to be perceived” [closed]

Im understanding more about what this means, like i think what he's trying to say is that unles you sense something and actually realise its presence..you recognise it..it cannot be anything... but ...
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1answer
49 views

What are Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s view of monads [closed]

I've found basic definitions like those found in the comments, too. However I also found rather confusing properties of monads, like they where "living mirrors of the universe" and can be sleeping or ...
3
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2answers
70 views

Biology progress and bioethics

As I had said in the last question, I'm involved in a personal work in which I have to do a brilliant presentation on tissue regeneration using embryo cells. In the presentation there are a part of ...
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2answers
76 views

Are Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence merging together?

My question might spark a fair amount of discussion, however I think it could be a simple discussion. Will future computer scientists slowly attain ideas and concepts from a much more rounded field ...
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3answers
251 views

If the universe came from “nothing”, why is it assumed that there is no life after death?

I've been thinking today about the Big Bang theory and how I've heard people claim that before the big band there was "nothing". And that when we die, there is nothing. No more life, etc. But is that ...
3
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2answers
204 views

Why is Materialism central to Physics?

The realist interpretation of the Uncertainty principle posits that reality is independent of the mind of the observer, therefore all objects must objectively have a pre-existing value for any ...
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5answers
331 views

Can logic be without time?

I think logic is dependent on time. My reasoning is that all the base logic concepts are based on axioms that are observations in time (so basic that do not require proof). Which then leads to ...
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2answers
117 views

Verification of scientific knowledge other than peer review?

Peer review has been used for regulation of scientific knowledge for almost 350 years. Were there any common mechanisms for verification and regulation of scientific knowledge before peer review ...
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2answers
76 views

What are the rules of postulating?

When a person wants to postulate something, what are the rules and best practices he can adhere too? How should the idea one is trying to express be formulated?
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1answer
87 views

Explain Ramsey sentences in simple terms

Can you explain Ramsey sentences in simple terms, maybe giving some concrete examples? I can't seem to understand them (everything about them), no matter how hard I try.
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4answers
854 views

Why use a hadron collider to search for a“fundamental particle”?

If, according to relativity matter is energy condensed, Wouldnt breaking open the endless "russian dolls" of matter to find the most fundamental particle which gives mass to matter be fallacious? ...
3
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1answer
51 views

How many colours are there for-us (as qualia)?

The visual spectrum, for human beings, occupies only a very small section of the full electro-magnetic spectrum. This, allows the possibility, that there are more possible colour qualia possible. ...
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2answers
70 views

is the answer contained in the question when it is well formulated? [closed]

we expect others especially authorities to give us answers. can anyone have answers to our own questions except oureselves when letting the question being unconsciously processed and give space for ...
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1answer
123 views

How would anyone know if they saw the equation of everything?

Given this answer by user34445 to the question: Final theory in Physics: a mathematical existence proof? ...
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4answers
103 views

Why do realists not define measurement?

I have recently read that different interpretation of QM define measurement differently, but that some realists (examples?) refuse to define measurement at all..why is this? I'm taking a class on the ...
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2answers
100 views

Does science need support from religion or philosophy to explain the creation? [closed]

Science is trying to explain how the universe is made. The beginning of the universe explains the Big Bang theory. But what happened before Big Bang? Science cannot go before that. So, does this mean ...
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1answer
93 views

the self as agency is a brain function or a kind of solid entity, a soul? [duplicate]

Blockquote Sense of agency From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The "sense of agency" (SA) refers to the subjective awareness that one is initiating, executing, and controlling one's own ...
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5answers
179 views

Is World Deterministic?

I think that all the events of the world are just the results of the application of the rules of nature on the previous situation of the world. Our thoughts or efforts are also completely ...
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3answers
91 views

Name of approaches of physics in terms of laws vs in terms of correlations?

I am not an expert in epistemology and I am currently searching for the name of a particular approach in physics (an historical one). Since Galileo, the role of the physicist is to simplify the ...
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4answers
114 views

Is it possible to construct falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses about behaviour?

My question is very much contained in the title. Most human behaviours are the object of many hypotheses based in the theory of evolution. Usually an hypothesis will arise as a model that explains a ...
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2answers
98 views

Kant's idealist view of space vs. modern science

Kant holds idealist view on space. He thinks space is merely “forms of intuition,” that is, ways in which human order and arrange the things they perceive. They are not features of things in ...
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2answers
74 views

What is the difference between determinism and superdeterminism?

I know I need to add some body to the question, so I'll give you some links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Determinism and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superdeterminism. I have seen some comments that ...