Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Plato is considered to be the founder of Western philosophy.

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Aristotelian Argument Against Theory of Forms

I'm new to philosophical studies, my background is in mathematics. I've just read some of Aristotle's Metaphysics today, and would like critique on a brief argument I wrote against Plato's Forms ...
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Are there modern comments of Plato's Gorgia?

I would like some advise on editions of Plato's work. In particular, which commented edition of Plato's Gorgia is considered more authoritative, or at least most often referred to students by ...
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What are some contemporary debates regarding Plato's & Aristotle's writings?

What are some major contemporary issues in Plato and Aristotle scholarship in recent years?
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A similarity of Plato with Kant

In Plato’s Republic his view on the mental faculties is summarized by the famous Analogy of the Divided Line (6.509-11). The universe is divided in two parts, a visble domain and an intelligible one. ...
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Did Plato explain how the first soul acquired all the Forms?

Source: pp 6-7, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Sharon Kaye. Many Eastern religions teach the doctrine of the transmigration of souls, according to which the soul never really ...
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191 views

Why does Nietzsche call Plato a bore?

There is this quote attributed to Nietzsche saying 'Plato was a bore', though I do not seem to be able to find the source for this at this moment. Assuming he did say this, why was this? A few ...
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What does Marx mean by “value form”?

I've been reading some recent books that refer to money as the "value form" in Marx. In English translation, Marx does use the term "value form" and also refers to commodities as "values," in the ...
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How did Kant define knowledge?

A recent question about the Plato's formula K=JTB (knowledge is justified true belief) made me curious as to what Kant thought on the matter. In the prefaces and the Introduction to the first Critique ...
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How accurate can Plato's recital of dialogues & events be? [duplicate]

In Dialogues, there are hundreds of conversations between Socrates and many others that was written word by word. Did Plato actually write everything down as it happened, or try to recite from memory ...
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76 views

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

What did ancient philosophers, like Plato, use to write their works on/with, physically? (Tree bark, animal skin, types of writing utensils, etc)
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Was Plato influenced by Moses?

The 2nd century Christian apologist Justin Martyr is known for defending Christianity to the Platonists of his day. In his First Apology, he claims that Plato's understanding of the creation of the ...
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What are the Greek terms translated by 'lovers of wisdom' (philosophers)?

At the end of Phaedrus (278d4) there is the following exchange (tr. Jowett): Socrates: go and tell Lysias that to the fountain and the School of the Nymphs we went down, and were bidden by them to ...
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Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

For example, Did Socrates really meet Zeno in Parmenides as a young man and the conversation that took place between them was recorded by Plato? Are ANY of Plato's dialogues recordings of actual ...
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Is mathematical Platonism geometric?

A fairly standard approach to mathematical Platonism might start with the observation that any circle actually drawn is not a true circle; and one can imagine or have in mind a perfect circle - a ...
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Where does Plato give a rationale for order?

I recall reading somewhere, now forgotten, that Plato in one of his books suggested that the reason for order in the universe is that meaning can happen - there can be no possibility of meaning where ...
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69 views

Is “the mind” in Phaedo the same as “Nous” in Neoplatonic philosophy?

Phaedo 97c speaks about Anaxagoras that he says "that it is the mind that arranges and causes all things. I was pleased with this theory of cause, and it seemed to me to be somehow right that the mind ...
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What use is the Principle of Plentitude?

I am having trouble wrapping my head around the principle of plentitude. It was explained to me thus: "Everything which could exist does exist". What is the use of this untestable notion?
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196 views

What did Socrates mean by “idea of equality” in the abstract?

In Plato's book "Phaedus", Socrates go further saying "Did we not see equalities of material things, such as pieces of wood and stones, and gather from them the idea of an equality which is different ...
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Was Socrates a monotheist?

I know my question seems weird, but in Plato's books Apology, Crito, and Phaedo (and probably in other books since I read only these 3 and I am in the middle of the third one) when Socrates want to ...
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What did Socrates mean by “ there is no more fitting reward than maintenance in the prytaneum”?

According to wikipedia: "In general in ancient Greece, each state, city or village possessed its own central hearth and sacred fire, representing the unity and vitality of the community. The fire was ...
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Source: “A person who wants to govern, shouldn't be able to”

A friend and I are trying to trace the source of a quote. Unfortunately we only barely remember how it goes. Consider this as a rough bit of paraphrasing: Any person who wants to govern should be ...
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Can a beginner in Philosophy understand the following books?

I know that Pythagoras is the basis for all the Philosophy (and probably mathematics). I ordered The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library but I already have the following Philosophical books: ...
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Why does Plato make ethnicity matter in The Judgement of Souls part of the Gorgias

In The Judgement of Souls, Plato make the case for the "universal" judgement of souls; writing that Zeus decides in favour of stripping individuals of their physical form so that the soul may be ...
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Platonic Form of a Form

So, I've begun looking at Plato's theory of forms. The wikipedia article says that every table on the earth has a certain "tableness" to them. However, I would say that circular tables have a certain ...
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272 views

Is the Matrix Platonic or Aristotelian?

I recently watched the Matrix and I was wondering whether it depends on the philosophy put forth by Plato or by that put forth by Aristotle. I noticed there were several analogies to Plato's analogy ...
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242 views

How does plato distinguish between knowledge and belief?

How does plato distinguish between knowledge and belief? How is it based in his metaphysics?
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What are the Greek terms for Platos terms for the Good/Beautiful

It's a little too easy in my mind to confuse Platos notion of the Good, from which the forms emanate from, of which one is the Beautiful, and the other is Justice; with other notions in ethics - ie ...
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Aristotle Politics versus Platos Republic

The most famous political text from Antiquity is Platos Republic; one notices that this is a direct translation of the Latin De Republica; the orginal greek being Politeia. Aristotle too, wrote a ...
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96 views

Zeno and the denial of plurality [closed]

Zeno is well-known as the storyteller of Achilles and the Tortoise and how the tortoise never catches Achilles; which is against our experience; the question of how to square these two notions ...
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142 views

How to self study Plato?

I started to self study Plato but I am not sure how to arrange my knowledge. In general philosophy books, Plato's philosophy is separated by subject matter (metaphysics, language, ethics), but this ...
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108 views

Can colour be considered as an aspatial and atemporal universal?

In physics, mass is a universal; one unit of mass is the same yesterday as it is today; as it is here or orbiting Betelgeuse; and if we accept the atomistic thesis then this result follows from the ...
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71 views

Perception of the Platonic realm

If the Platonic realm is to exist, can it be perceived if it is to be purely isolated by itself? Rephrased, how is the platonic realm perceived to be? Can it be imagined by itself without reference to ...
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55 views

Is the noumena, in a sense apeiron?

Consider Anaximanders apeiron, the indeterminate in the context of Platos theory of Forms; a form, an idea makes the indeterminate determinate in some particular way (In Anaximanders system - rotation ...
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45 views

Truth and Beauty in Platonism

Keats ended his Ode to a Grecian Urn with the lines: Beauty is truth, truth beauty - that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know When was the equivalence, or relation between ...
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Plato's Cycle: The Renewal?

Readers of Plato's Republic will be familiar with the cycle of regimes ("kyklos") that he describes. He ends this description with the fall of the tyrannical man, due to a self-imposed exile out of ...
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When did Plato's Republic (re-)emerge as his most popular work?

Today, the Republic is often considered to be Plato's best known and most influential work. Some even consider it as one of the best known and most influential works of all of philosophy; at least it ...
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Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
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The Rhizome, Language and Theatatus

The very first chapter of Deleuzes Thousand Plateaus contains the following as an example of a Rhizome: Principles of connection and heterogeneity: any point of a Rhizome can be connected to any ...
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245 views

Is Platonism a “religion”?

Having some general knowledge of Platon, and his ideas about the world of Ideas, could we consider his world of Ideas a divine world? Isn't that the same as the world of God? What makes religion ...
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What is Neoplatonism? [closed]

Looking for a simple and straight forward explanation/summary of Neoplatonic theory, especially regarding the themes of love, nature, human nature, and religion, and the re-emergence of the theory ...
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247 views

Plato's Ideas and Hegel's Idea

Hegel famously speaks of the idea in the third section of his Doctrine of the Notion, this playing a central role in his system. It seems natural to suppose a close relation to what is traditionally ...
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How does the Hegels dialectic map onto the Parmenidian dialectic?

In the late Platonic dialogue Parmenides, which places the youthful Socrates against one of the elders of Greek Philosophy - Parmenides; Parmenides says that the way to Philosophy is by the dialectic: ...
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When talking about philosophical realism, how do philosophers define objects and their forms?

Poorly versed in philosophical ideas, but I'm trying to get a grasp on some concepts discussed in The Last Superstition (2010), a polemical book on religion/theism by Edward Feser that an acquaintance ...
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Is mathematical platonism compatible with Platonism?

When calling themselves "Platonists" mathematicians usually mean that they feel they discover ideal facts that eternally exist in some way. My question is if this sentiment is consistent with Plato's ...
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47 views

Is there a similarity between Justice in Plato's Republic and the definition of wealth in Judaism?

I was reading Republic, and when Plato finally "finds" justice in the city, he defines it as a kind of "doing one's own work", which to me implies also the necessity of finding a certain satisfaction ...
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Would Deleuze affirm that Platos dialogues are a form of drama?

Deleuze, in Difference and Repetition writes: Drama has but a single form involving all three repetitions. Nietzsche's Zarathustra is clearly a drama, a theatrical work. It seems to me Platos ...
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157 views

Is time neccessarily excluded from mathematical platonism?

That time is unreal has been an observation of objective physics since Newtons time, and more paramountly since Einstein; and its most outspoken partisan, now, is Julian Barbour. Its also been argued ...
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252 views

Allegory of the Cave Free Will [closed]

Does the prisoner in the cave in Plato's allegory in The Republic have free will?
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Main meaning of the cave in Plato's republic

Can someone give me a layman's explanation of the importance of the "cave sections" in Plato's Republic? I'm also interested in the "myth of the metals" in the same book.
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Major Themes in Plato's Republic

Please don't take my question as any form of offense. I am a high school student and I accidentally chose a advanced philosophy course that I am stuck with. I am studying Plato's republic ...