Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Plato is considered to be the founder of Western philosophy.

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Plato's Ideas and Hegel's Idea

Hegel famously speaks of the idea in the third section of his Doctrine of the Notion, this playing a central role in his system. It seems natural to suppose a close relation to what is traditionally ...
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How does the Hegels dialectic map onto the Parmenidian dialectic?

In the late Platonic dialogue Parmenides, which places the youthful Socrates against one of the elder statesmen of Greek Philosophy - Parmenides; Parmenides says that the way to Philosophy is by the ...
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When talking about philosophical realism, how do philosophers define objects and their forms?

Poorly versed in philosophical ideas, but I'm trying to get a grasp on some concepts discussed in The Last Superstition (2010), a polemical book on religion/theism by Edward Feser that an acquaintance ...
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Is mathematical platonism compatible with Platonism?

When calling themselves "Platonists" mathematicians usually mean that they feel they discover ideal facts that eternally exist in some way. My question is if this sentiment is consistent with Plato's ...
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Is there a similarity between Justice in Plato's Republic and the definition of wealth in Judaism?

I was reading Republic, and when Plato finally "finds" justice in the city, he defines it as a kind of "doing one's own work", which to me implies also the necessity of finding a certain satisfaction ...
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Would Deleuze affirm that Platos dialogues are a form of drama?

Deleuze, in Difference and Repetition writes: Drama has but a single form involving all three repetitions. Nietzsche's Zarathustra is clearly a drama, a theatrical work. It seems to me Platos ...
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Is time neccessarily excluded from mathematical platonism?

That time is unreal has been an observation of objective physics since Newtons time, and more paramountly since Einstein; and its most outspoken partisan, now, is Julian Barbour. Its also been argued ...
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Allegory of the Cave Free Will [closed]

Does the prisoner in the cave in Plato's allegory in The Republic have free will?
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Main meaning of the cave in Plato's republic

Can someone explain to me a layman explanation of the importance of the "cave sections" in Plato's republic and some questions that ponder modern philosophers or things I should ponder about the myth ...
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Major Themes in Plato's Republic

Please don't take my question as any form of offense. I am a high school student and I accidentally chose a advanced philosophy course that I am stuck with. I am studying Plato's republic ...
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Did the early greek philosophers, including Plato and Aristotle make use of the Jewish scriptures just as much as writings from India and Egypt?

I'm a student of philosophy carefully reading through the Britannica Great Books series. In our homeschool discussions, occurring each Wednesday afternoon, I'm finding most of the questions ...
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Is anyone now writing philosophy in the style of Plato - the Dialogue?

Hume wrote some of his works in the style of a Dialogue following Platos lead; has any-one since? Or is it all prose?
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226 views

How can there be order without intelligence to understand it?

Chicken or the Egg argument. TLDR update Is the ability to reason, which is required to understand our surrounding (as explained with science below), proof of reason existing prior to our own ...
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Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways?

Does mathematics apply to physics in one way or multiple ways? What do Aristotle and Plato think? It would seem that Aristotle thinks mathematics can be applied to physics in one way only because, ...
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If the Platonic world exists how would we know?

If we assume existence of a non-material world of ideas that mathematics describes there are some questions that a Platonist has to address. 1) How is the ideal world related to the real one, where ...
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How can Beauty equal Terror?

Rilke, the German poet, whilst staying at Duino castle near Trieste on the Adriatic sea heard the first words of what he later called the Duino Elegies whilst walking on the cliffs . They are both ...
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Resources on the ring of Gyges and mass surveillance?

Plato in the Republic recounts a story about a magical artifact, the Ring of Gyges, in Book II of the Republic. It is a device to motivate an investigation into the collective aspect of morality. ...
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What is purpose of Plato's forms?

I read up on the theory of forms and I understand it like this, when I see a car I am seeing the particular of the true form a of a cat. All of the cats I see are just imperfections of the true form. ...
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Is there any logical connection between Plato's theory of forms and the savant syndrome?

First of all i would like to state my understanding of 'Plato's theory of forms' (very short version; excuse my poor english): The platonic ideas are much more than mere representations in the human ...
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131 views

What social class was Socrates from?

Its well known that Plato was from the aritocratic elite of Athenian society. In his writings Socrates figure as his pre-eminent philosophical spokesperson. There is a adage, which might be a truism ...
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What did Plato mean when he used the word “villian”?

In Plato's dialogue titled Euthydemus, he used the word 'villain' in the derogatory sense to describe a dog. However, the OED agrees that 'villain' came into common use because of the lower social ...
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Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view?

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view? I know that the king had big power and should be a philosopher in Plato's view. If the queen have some ...
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Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates?

Nietzsche recalls the story that Socrates says that 'he has been a long time sick', meaning that life itself is a sickness; Nietszche accuses him of being a sick man, a man against the instincts of ...
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Critique of Korsgaard's polis-comparison?

I am currently reading Korsgaard's Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant (which you can find here). I was wondering if the argumentative step from an injustice in the perfectly arranged ...
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Why does one worry about the existence of a number but not of a dog?

One can ask whether the number one exists, and there are a range of answers. In particular, Platonism holds that this number does exist in some abstract world. Now observe that number and one are ...
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Was Marcus Aurelius the first philosopher-king?

Marcus Aurelius, well-known for his Meditations, in the second century AD, was a Stoic philosopher and also emperor of the Roman empire. Plato, in his Republic, advised that the ideal rulers of his ...
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How did Antiquity deal with the disappearance of the Transcendent?

In Western Philosophy, Existentialism heeding Nietzches call was the first philosophy that dealt with the loss of the transcendent in a formal way. Whereas prior to him, it anchored, or rather was ...
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Platonic form of existence

I was reading that the platonic forms have the following principles 1. Commonality 2. Separation 3. Self-Predication 4. Purity 5. Uniqueness 6. Sublimity But if there is a Platonic form ...
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Purush and Platos city and soul

In the Rigveda Purush is described as: as a primeval giant that is sacrificed by the gods (see Purushamedha) and from whose body the world and the varnas (classes) are built. He is described as ...
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What basic metaphysics should every philosophy student know?

Put another way, what background knowledge do you suggest that I brush up on to make me more sensitive to the lurking philosophical issues when I read philosophical texts and papers? Particularly ...
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Is Plato's Socrates contradicting himself here? (Phaedo 75a)

Phaedo 74e-75b “Then we must have had knowledge of equality before the time when we first saw equal things and thought, ‘All these things are aiming to be like equality but fall short.’” ...
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My professor claimed that “F = ma” is a Platonic form. I disagreed, but is it?

My professor claimed in a lecture that equations such as "Force = mass x acceleration" are Platonic forms. I disagree for a few reasons: A form is non-spatiotemporal. Force is a vector, which has ...
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Is an exegete an explicator?

The SEP, remarks that, Ion in Platos dialogue of the same name: is a prize-winning professional reciter of poetry—a “rhapsode” — and of Homer in particular. Though he speaks his lines with the ...
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Are numbers universal in Set Theory and nominalist in Category Theory?

The number 3, when considered as a universal, abstracts the property of 3'ness from all groups of 3 objects. One supposes that this universal, by conceptual neccessity of what is understood by the ...
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Is Plato's Theory of the Forms entirely accepted by anyone?

Plato's idea: "Plato's theory of Forms or theory of Ideas asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, ...
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What are some criticisms of Plato's “all opposites are generated out of each other” in Phaedo?

In Phaedo to argue the soul exists after death with the cyclical argument, Plato posited a philosophical assumption that all opposites —e.g. less, greater; weaker, stronger; sleeping, waking; life, ...
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The question of Being and Not-being - Plato's Sophist

In Plato's Sophist he tackles the question of being and not-being. Can something that "is" be "not" or to put it in perspective can an idea that is true be false? If somebody has the idea of winning ...
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best Phaedrus edition to start with for beginner

I'm interested particularly in Socrates' condemnation of written words and its propensity to create a false and superficial sense of intelligence which seems so prescient in light of how people use ...
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How do modern philosophers oppose relativism?

If my understanding is correct, Plato's theory of forms was developed to counter the relativism of Sophists such as Protagoras. His theory does not seem to have modern followers, as far as I know, yet ...
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Is Socrates mocking Ion in Plato's dialogue?

In "Ion", Socrates argues that Ion's poetic talents are a gift of the gods, but not the product of any knowledge/skills. Ion naturally takes that as a compliment, being called "divine", but is ...
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If Parmenides denied the reality of void, would he then have affirmed the reality of space?

Lucretious, in his poem de rerum natura had atoms moving through the void. It seems at least from a modern perspective that his void is what we would call space. The interesting question, which I ...
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Are there any listings of Plato's dialogues in internal chronological order?

Traditionally, the dialogues of Plato have been listed in the order in which Plato is thought to have composed them, because it's believed that Plato presented a more accurate picture of Socrates' ...
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In greek philosophy, what is the difference between “gnosis” and “episteme”?

In greek philosophy, Plato especially, what is the difference between "gnosis" and "episteme" ? Both apparently designate different types of knowledge, but I couldn't find any precise description of ...
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What is the connection between Platos theory of Forms & the platonic realm in the philosophy of mathematics

From what I understand about Platos theory of Forms, it seems little to do with mathematical concepts, although he uses geometry as an example, for example the form of the Triangle, he also introduces ...
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Is it fair to say that Platos answer to Juvenals question 'who guards the guardians' - is that they themselves do?

'Who guards the guardians' is a phrase lifted from the satirical poet Juvenal Satires, (and not as I thought from Plato). The context here is marital infidelity, but Juvenal being a (satirical) poet ...
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What is the most credible picture of Plato's Academy in Plato's time?

I assume there actually was an Academy set up by Plato and not taken over by him and made famous. In the paintings I've seen of it - admittedly done in the Renaissance -, it looks rather grand, like ...
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Was neoplatonism a synthesis of Jewish & Platonic monotheism?

Was neoplatonism a synthesis of Jewish & Platonic monotheism? Neoplatonism was a school of mystical philosophy synthesising Jewish theology and Platos philosophy. Its major theorist & ...
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Why were books of philosophy available in the orchestra in Platos time?

This isn't a philosophical question per se; but asking for some clarifying background information on a classic book of philosophy. In Platos dialogue Apologia Socrates mentions that Anaxagoras books ...
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What are the major innovations in social contract theory did Rousseau make compared to that of Platos Crito?

In Platos dialogue Crito where Socrates is urged by Crito to flee before he is executed. Socrates refuses and outlines a theory of social contact between a citizen and the city. I had understood ...
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Has the early part of Platos Timaeus been used as evidence for establishing the origins of philosophy?

Although admitting that there was a long-running debate on the origins of Philosophy, Diogenes Laertius asserts that Philosophy began with the Greeks. This can mean only that the debate centred around ...