Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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2
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1answer
42 views

How to approach contemporary anarchist theories?

I have lately become very interested in anarchism. I have become especially interested in what is called Green Anarchism and Infoanarchism and I pretend to read more about them. I also agree with ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

What are Marx's ideas on the fetishization of commodities?

What are Marx's ideas on the fetishization of commodity? Specifically, I am interested in use value and exchange value; how does the commodity own its exchange value?
3
votes
3answers
107 views

Why is John Rawls taken more seriously than Ayn Rand?

I just listened to a lecture on ethics and justice, and John Rawls' "a theory of justice" was presented as the most significant work of political philosophy in recent times. The lecturer then went on ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

What is a strong argument that shows social rules exist? [closed]

Aside from an appeal to common sense, what are the strongest contemporary arguments for the existence of social rules? By social rules, I mean social rules in the tradition of Durkheim, Weber, Hart, ...
6
votes
1answer
53 views

Is “group X is responsible for the action (or inaction) of politician Y because they are the majority of voters” a fallacious argument?

I have read this very useful answer which suggests that the moral responsibility of an individual voter for the actions of a politician they voted for, is limited. However, the comments on that ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

On what grounds can a democratic state prohibit pornography?

On what grounds can the state, presumably - a democratic state, interfere to prohibit or limit its subjects from producing, distributing and consuming pornography? Does the state have any right to ...
3
votes
3answers
194 views

Nazism & ISIS and the misinterpretation of ideologies?

Some claim that ISIS is a political ideology stemming directly from religion. Others claim that it has little to do with religion per se and more to do with the interpretation of religion. My ...
5
votes
4answers
140 views

The question of the legitimacy of regimes [closed]

What makes a regime legitimate? What are the conditions under which the legitimacy of a regime ends? Or more narrowly: What philosophical schools within political philosophy address this question, and ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Are citizens in a democratic society morally obligated to vote? [closed]

Considering that democracy was achieved through substantial efforts.
2
votes
3answers
53 views

Instrumental right to vote and socialism, are they in conflict?

From an instrumental point of view, in democracy, when we exercise the right to vote, we are “selling” our votes to the highest bidder in a “free market” where we choose to vote by the candidate or ...
13
votes
8answers
5k views

If you have won the trust of an illegal immigrant, is it ethical to turn him/her over to the authorities?

My question is NOT about the problems associated with secondary consequences of illegal immigration, such as unemployment of the native workforce. Nor is it about the causes of illegal immigration, ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Historical materialism references

I'm interested to study works about historical materialism. Can someone suggest some references about this subject with a couple of words commenting on them. I'm interested in basic ideas of ...
3
votes
9answers
280 views

How does one argue for “helping others” without any religious context?

I was having a political discussion with roots in philosophy, where I was explaining an idea for a government program which would enforce equal opportunities for children who have poor / parentally ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What is control of normative doctrine in Hobbes?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is sustained by certain powers; these are the powers of: legislation, adjudication, enforcement, taxation, war-making and the less familiar power of control ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Is war started by one person or a country? [closed]

When someone declares war on a country it is a leader that rules the country that declares war. The leader that declares war is usually in charge because they are elected so the country chose them to ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

On Modernity, mass, and morality [closed]

Arendt, in her book The Human Condition identified the 'rise of the social' as part of the movement of modernity; this is an expansion of the private sphere of the household (oikos) into the public ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What kind of Hobbesian power is bio-power?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is undivided; that is certain powers are necessary to sustain sovereignty, and anything less will undermine it; for Hobbes these are the powers of: ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is the divine right of kings an expression of Hobbesian Sovereignty?

Hobbes famously declared that sovereignty must be absolute; his rationale being that if not, then exceptions not governed under its law will need arbitration by some higher power. But this power may ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

“Absolute government” vs “government absolutism” in Hobbes [closed]

What is difference between absolute government and government absolutism? I found this sentence in a political philosophy book about Thomas Hobbes. I can't distinguish between them and I think that ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (Ibdont think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since ...
5
votes
3answers
178 views

Aristotle Politics versus Platos Republic

The most famous political text from Antiquity is Platos Republic; one notices that this is a direct translation of the Latin De Republica; the orginal greek being Politeia. Aristotle too, wrote a ...
20
votes
10answers
2k views

What are some arguments against violence?

I had repercussions over an argument in class of the inevitability of war, and violence in some instances. I was on the side that was arguing that violence is never necessary. My opponent said ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

a displacement of time

What does "a displacement of time" mean in this context? Does this "coincidence" imply a coincidence between the two world wars? Context: No one in the West was unaffected by the two world wars ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

Is it reasonable to align Bob Black's anti-work ethic with Sartre's concept of radical freedom?

In Bob Black's 1984 essay 'The Abolition of Work', he discusses the abandonment of a world in which we work in a traditionally structured setting. Overall, his goal is to project a world in which we ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Does Burke's political philosophy actually endorse a kind of totalitarianism?

I am reading The Great Debate; Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the birth of right and left by Yuval Levin (2014). It's a pleasant read, and substantial too! However, Levin writes something very ...
4
votes
5answers
250 views

Why does Marxism equate to Communism?

As I understand it, Karl Marx was anticaptitalism, but is that such a bad thing? I have not read the Communist Manifesto. I have read a brief summary of his ideas which translated to finding meaning ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

War vs Peace thinking is incomplete because it ignores the third category. What is that Category? [closed]

A random ongoing human condition can be experiencing war. Similarly, it can be experiencing peace. I believe it can also be experiencing a third category which is neither war nor peace. I believe most ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Why does western law treat criminal and civil violations so differently [closed]

Example 1, criminal act: You find a set of keys on the ground and use them to obtain access to a nearby xyz, taking it away for your own use. You make no effort to pay for the xyz. Example 2, ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Spectacle and Schizophrenia

Debord in Spectacle in writes: The parallel between ideology and schizophrenia drawn by Joseph Gabel false consciousness should be seen in this context of the economic process of the ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

What is Capital?

One hears a great deal about Capitalisms and anti-capitalisms; but what do these terms actually mean? Have these terms been so used and abused that they now mean very little? Can I just think of ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Is the logic precept that for two propositions there are four truth values ever applied to serious matters?

An elementary precept of logic says that where there are two propositions, P and Q, there are four possible "truth values", P&~Q, ~P&Q, P&Q, ~P&~Q, where ~ means "not."   Do people ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Is it immoral to pay taxes?

Assume your government participates in immoral wars that are unjust according to your personal beliefs and religious doctrine (for example Christian just war theory), is giving support to the ...
-1
votes
1answer
90 views

What does it mean to demean oneself? [closed]

The State of Texas Bar Association has each new member take the following oath: I,___ , do affirm that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and of this State; that I will honestly ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How does Hegel develop the notion of freedom in his metaphysics?

It is agreed by everyone that liberty is a good thing; and one cannot have enough of a good thing; thus unlimited liberty must be one of the most perfect of goods. For in liberty unlimited one can ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution? [closed]

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
1
vote
3answers
95 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What does “deliberation” usually mean in John Rawls' theory?

“Deliberation” can mean a long careful consideration or be used to describe a process of interaction between various subject. When being used in the second sense, it refers to a crucial component of ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Game theory: altruistic / selfish voting

In the largest published PDG [prison dilemma game] experiment (Rapoport & Chammah 1965), almost 50 percent of strategy choices were cooperative, and even in experiments using one-shot PDGs, ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Counter argument to Nozick's counter to principle of fairness

Are there any strong counter arguments of Nozick's counter argument to principle of fairness. Nozick argues that although people may receive the benefits from the state, it does not mean the people ...
1
vote
4answers
157 views

What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Which scholars argue that for art to be art, it must be for art's sake?

I understand this is partially supported by Nietzsche, but do others agree or adamantly disagree with this position? If so who?
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Can science remain objective when it is embedded in a world of politics? [closed]

Is science objective or, like other social creations, fundamentally tied to politics? First, science is operated by humans and its data and interpretations come from a political human who must always ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

What are “entanglements” in “feminist philosophy”?

I saw this: http://www.hastac.org/blogs/ari-schlesinger/2013/11/26/feminism-and-programming-languages As someone who likes computer programming, I am intrigued by new ideas for computer programming ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
7
votes
1answer
126 views

German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...