Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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What is the difference between political philosophy and political theory?

I had a look on Wikipedia but I'm not clear about how the two differ. Political philosophy: "Political philosophy is considered by some to be a sub-discipline of political science; however, the name ...
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1answer
59 views

What ethical system did the USA implement in its constitution and why?

A teacher of mine said recently that the USA and UK favor a utilitarian ethical system - but I didn't find any sources supporting this claim. EDIT To provide additional context: We were talking about ...
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1answer
51 views

Was fascism ever philosophically appealing?

I remember reading, in better times about a decade ago, the fascism article in a philosophy encyclopedia. It summarily introduced the main ideas, and then dismissed them as utterly invalidated by ...
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1answer
21 views

What is Nietzsche's madman to his Overman?

The parable of the madman, says: At last he threw his lantern on the ground, and it broke into pieces and went out. "I have come too early," he said then; "my time is not yet. This tremendous ...
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3answers
166 views

Does anti-discrimination contradict free will?

Does anti-discrimination imposed by laws, or as a universally held position and imposed by society, contradict the idea of free will? Take for example: In a business context, choosing to not ...
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2answers
111 views

Does capitalism have an end goal?

Occasionally I find that things such as "incentives" in a capitalist economy are as if they would be directed to a certain outcome or certain outcomes. E.g. that profit incentives matter only in so ...
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9answers
208 views

What are the benefits of protecting the weak from the stronger?

What are the benefits of using politics to protect the weak from the stronger? Rather than allowing for, say, slavery? By stronger I mean stronger by nature, i.e. particularly physical power and ...
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0answers
25 views

Should individual moral obligations determine government policy?

So, there are plenty of arguments out there that argue that since governments do not possess intentionality, are not the origin of their actions, and are not self-aware of their actions or their ...
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2answers
98 views

Industrial Society and its Future [closed]

Ted Kaczynski, also known as the “Unabomber,” was born on May 22, 1942, in Illinois. A mathematics prodigy, Kaczynski taught at the University of California at Berkeley before retreating to a ...
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1answer
20 views

Can “freedom toward death” have 'freedom' translated out of it?

The term "freedom toward death" appears in Heidegger's Being and Time, e.g. p255 to be itself in the passionate anxious freedom toward death, which is free of the illusions of the they, factical,...
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0answers
14 views

What is the difference between possession and property in anarchism?

As far as I know Proudhon introduced the concept that property is theft while possession is ok. But what is the difference between those two?
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5answers
133 views

Is it ethically wrong to not vote?

I'd like to describe a scenario and understand what sort of general philosophical tools or schools of thought may be used to answer the question one way or another. The scenario involves an individual ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Ethics and countries looking out for their citizens overseas [closed]

Was it ethical for countries to look out for purely just their own citizens / nationals overseas abroad and leave the citizens of other countries to their own devices when the people in those other ...
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15 views

Is it moral/ethical to put use to something(which good intentions) from a Kantian perspective… even though that something has an immoral past? [closed]

For example, the United States put Nazi scientists (who had committed atrocious crimes against humanity in the past) to work on developing rockets in NASA.
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1answer
43 views

Assistance in interpreting this excerpt concerning political philosophy

The article comes from "The Rhetorical Functions of Slogans: Classifications and Characteristics" by Robert E. Denton. The title should give away what the entire article is about. I've come to the ...
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0answers
32 views

What exactly does Spivak mean by strategic essentialism?

I'm trying to understand better how to delineate essentialism from strategic essentialism. To me it would seem strategic essentialism is a political or social act of forming a coalition based aroun a ...
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0answers
22 views

Does Lefort still / ever claim that capitalism is barbarism?

Lefort was a member of Socialism or Barbarism (Socialisme ou Barbarie), a French intellectual current, associated with (the "left" of) Communism. He was also a student of Merleau-Ponty, who supported,...
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2answers
50 views

Is there a reason, to give scholar or students in universities more (or less) freedom of speech, than to regular people?

John Stuart Mill once argued, that the only reason to limit one's action is to prevent harm to others (so called harm-principle). The same principle can be applied to freedom of speech: One could ...
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27 views

What are the differences between a good public policy and a populist policy? [closed]

What are the differences between a good public policy and a populist policy ?
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12 views

How is determination of purpose Individualist, but determination of knowledge Majoritarian?

Source: p 227, Thinking Like a Lawyer: An Introduction to Legal Reasoning (2010, 2 ed) by Kenneth J. Vandevelde. The following quote is based on p 225 that summarises Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. ...
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3answers
94 views

(How) Does philosophy make you a better moral agent?

Where (literature) would you recommend I start if I wanted to explore the intuition that the practice of philosophy makes/could (if proper) make philosophers better moral agents? Thanks.
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2answers
107 views

what is the difference between classical political philosophy and modern political philosophy?

I'd like to know the major changes that happened that lead to the change in thought, and what veered modern political philosophy away from the concept of city and man to the concept of natural science ...
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0answers
37 views

What does social equality mean? How do you measure it? [closed]

This question is typically answered with responses such as "equality is when everyone is treated equally" or "equality is when no one is oppressed". But how do you define these ideas specifically? ...
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15 views

What does Virilio mean by “speed distance”?

Does Virilio by "speed distance" mean "speed-distance"? Virilio for Architects By John Armitage
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26 views

being in the city ‘off-limits’ or ‘inconceivable’ as much as conceivable

Can anybody explain what the bold sentence want to say? Context: And whilst cities obviously contain bodies, bodies also contain cities. In fact, the city itself functions as an ‘ecological’...
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1answer
57 views

How to approach contemporary anarchist theories?

I have lately become very interested in anarchism. I have become especially interested in what is called Green Anarchism and Infoanarchism and I pretend to read more about them. I also agree with ...
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2answers
67 views

What are Marx's ideas on the fetishization of commodities?

What are Marx's ideas on the fetishization of commodity? Specifically, I am interested in use value and exchange value; how does the commodity own its exchange value?
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3answers
198 views

Why is John Rawls taken more seriously than Ayn Rand?

I just listened to a lecture on ethics and justice, and John Rawls' "a theory of justice" was presented as the most significant work of political philosophy in recent times. The lecturer then went on ...
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65 views

What is a strong argument that shows social rules exist? [closed]

Aside from an appeal to common sense, what are the strongest contemporary arguments for the existence of social rules? By social rules, I mean social rules in the tradition of Durkheim, Weber, Hart, ...
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1answer
70 views

Is “group X is responsible for the action (or inaction) of politician Y because they are the majority of voters” a fallacious argument?

I have read this very useful answer which suggests that the moral responsibility of an individual voter for the actions of a politician they voted for, is limited. However, the comments on that ...
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4answers
3k views

On what grounds can a democratic state prohibit pornography?

On what grounds can a democratic state interfere to prohibit or limit its subjects from producing, distributing and consuming pornography? Does the state have any right to prohibit pornography or ...
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3answers
272 views

Nazism & ISIS and the misinterpretation of ideologies?

Some claim that ISIS is a political ideology stemming directly from religion. Others claim that it has little to do with religion per se and more to do with the interpretation of religion. A similar ...
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4answers
155 views

The question of the legitimacy of regimes [closed]

What makes a regime legitimate? What are the conditions under which the legitimacy of a regime ends? Or more narrowly: What philosophical schools within political philosophy address this question, and ...
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2answers
76 views

Are citizens in a democratic society morally obligated to vote? [closed]

Considering that democracy was achieved through substantial efforts.
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3answers
54 views

Instrumental right to vote and socialism, are they in conflict?

From an instrumental point of view, in democracy, when we exercise the right to vote, we are “selling” our votes to the highest bidder in a “free market” where we choose to vote by the candidate or ...
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8answers
5k views

If you have won the trust of an illegal immigrant, is it ethical to turn him/her over to the authorities?

My question is NOT about the problems associated with secondary consequences of illegal immigration, such as unemployment of the native workforce. Nor is it about the causes of illegal immigration, ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What are the interesting references on historical materialism?

I'm interested to study works about historical materialism. Can someone suggest some references about this subject with a couple of words commenting on them. I'm interested in basic ideas of ...
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9answers
530 views

How does one argue for “helping others” without any religious context?

I was having a political discussion with roots in philosophy, where I was explaining an idea for a government program which would enforce equal opportunities for children who have poor / parentally ...
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1answer
40 views

What is control of normative doctrine in Hobbes?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is sustained by certain powers; these are the powers of: legislation, adjudication, enforcement, taxation, war-making and the less familiar power of control ...
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2answers
55 views

Is war started by one person or a country? [closed]

When someone declares war on a country it is a leader that rules the country that declares war. The leader that declares war is usually in charge because they are elected so the country chose them to ...
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0answers
29 views

On Modernity, mass, and morality [closed]

Arendt, in her book The Human Condition identified the 'rise of the social' as part of the movement of modernity; this is an expansion of the private sphere of the household (oikos) into the public ...
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1answer
44 views

What kind of Hobbesian power is bio-power?

In Hobbes political theory sovereignty is undivided; that is certain powers are necessary to sustain sovereignty, and anything less will undermine it; for Hobbes these are the powers of: ...
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1answer
61 views

Is the divine right of kings an expression of Hobbesian Sovereignty?

Hobbes famously declared that sovereignty must be absolute; his rationale being that if not, then exceptions not governed under its law will need arbitration by some higher power. But this power may ...
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0answers
72 views

“Absolute government” vs “government absolutism” in Hobbes [closed]

What is difference between absolute government and government absolutism? I found this sentence in a political philosophy book about Thomas Hobbes. I can't distinguish between them and I think that ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (Ibdont think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since it'...
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3answers
236 views

Aristotle Politics versus Platos Republic

The most famous political text from Antiquity is Platos Republic; one notices that this is a direct translation of the Latin De Republica; the orginal greek being Politeia. Aristotle too, wrote a ...
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10answers
3k views

What are some arguments against violence?

I had repercussions over an argument in class of the inevitability of war, and violence in some instances. I was on the side that was arguing that violence is never necessary. My opponent said ...
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3answers
78 views

a displacement of time

What does "a displacement of time" mean in this context? Does this "coincidence" imply a coincidence between the two world wars? Context: No one in the West was unaffected by the two world wars and ...
3
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0answers
51 views

Is it reasonable to align Bob Black's anti-work ethic with Sartre's concept of radical freedom?

In Bob Black's 1984 essay 'The Abolition of Work', he discusses the abandonment of a world in which we work in a traditionally structured setting. Overall, his goal is to project a world in which we ...
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2answers
78 views

Does Burke's political philosophy actually endorse a kind of totalitarianism?

I am reading The Great Debate; Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the birth of right and left by Yuval Levin (2014). It's a pleasant read, and substantial too! However, Levin writes something very ...