Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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Spectacle and Schizophrenia

Debord in Spectacle in writes: The parallel between ideology and schizophrenia drawn by Joseph Gabel false consciousness should be seen in this context of the economic process of the ...
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62 views

What is Capital?

One hears a great deal about Capitalisms and anti-capitalisms; but what do these terms actually mean? Have these terms been so used and abused that they now mean very little? Can I just think of ...
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28 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
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61 views

Is the logic precept that for two propositions there are four truth values ever applied to serious matters?

An elementary precept of logic says that where there are two propositions, P and Q, there are four possible "truth values", P&~Q, ~P&Q, P&Q, ~P&~Q, where ~ means "not."   Do people ...
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60 views

Is it immoral to pay taxes?

Assume your government participates in immoral wars that are unjust according to your personal beliefs and religious doctrine (for example Christian just war theory), is giving support to the ...
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44 views

What does it mean to demean oneself? [closed]

The State of Texas Bar Association has each new member take the following oath: I,___ , do affirm that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and of this State; that I will honestly ...
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12 views

How does Hegel develop the notion of freedom in his metaphysics?

It is agreed by everyone that liberty is a good thing; and one cannot have enough of a good thing; thus unlimited liberty must be one of the most perfect of goods. For in liberty unlimited one can ...
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98 views

Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution? [closed]

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
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82 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification ...
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36 views

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
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1answer
24 views

What does “deliberation” usually mean in John Rawls' theory?

“Deliberation” can mean a long careful consideration or be used to describe a process of interaction between various subject. When being used in the second sense, it refers to a crucial component of ...
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124 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
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23 views

Game theory: altruistic / selfish voting

In the largest published PDG [prison dilemma game] experiment (Rapoport & Chammah 1965), almost 50 percent of strategy choices were cooperative, and even in experiments using one-shot PDGs, ...
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54 views

Counter argument to Nozick's counter to principle of fairness

Are there any strong counter arguments of Nozick's counter argument to principle of fairness. Nozick argues that although people may receive the benefits from the state, it does not mean the people ...
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82 views

What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
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1answer
49 views

Which scholars argue that for art to be art, it must be for art's sake?

I understand this is partially supported by Nietzsche, but do others agree or adamantly disagree with this position? If so who?
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106 views

Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
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83 views

Can science remain objective when it is embedded in a world of politics? [closed]

Is science objective or, like other social creations, fundamentally tied to politics? First, science is operated by humans and its data and interpretations come from a political human who must always ...
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105 views

What are “entanglements” in “feminist philosophy”?

I saw this: http://www.hastac.org/blogs/ari-schlesinger/2013/11/26/feminism-and-programming-languages As someone who likes computer programming, I am intrigued by new ideas for computer programming ...
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52 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
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48 views

How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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1answer
70 views

German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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56 views

What's the term for winning an argument using the elegance of manipulation?

Arguments can be won by utilizing a mixture of ethos, pathos, and logos. Logos may either appeal using real logic (facts), or using deceptive logic (non-facts). What's the term for deceiving ...
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34 views

Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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34 views

Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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36 views

Main meaning of the cave in Plato's republic

Can someone explain to me a layman explanation of the importance of the "cave sections" in Plato's republic and some questions that ponder modern philosophers or things I should ponder about the myth ...
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115 views

Major Themes in Plato's Republic

Please don't take my question as any form of offense. I am a high school student and I accidentally chose a advanced philosophy course that I am stuck with. I am studying Plato's republic ...
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35 views

Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
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68 views

What is Intellectual Anarchism?

Every now and then I hear the phrase "intellectual anarchism". What does this mean exactly? Wikipedia has no article of that name, and google doesn't throw up much (a few disparate uses of the ...
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120 views

Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya [closed]

I have heard and also read a little that in 500 B.C. an Indian genius Chankya, caused the fall of Magdha empire, and made a street guy The king named Chandragupta. He was an exceptional strategist and ...
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66 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
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2answers
176 views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
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37 views

which philosopher was suspicious of the word “natural”?

He was suspicious because he noticed that the word "natural" is often used to convince people that something is "true without need for further explanation" - a suspicious usage, certainly. Heard ...
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59 views

What is the paradox of democracy? [closed]

What is the paradox of democracy? If there are multiple paradoxes feel free to mention them. I am especially looking for the views of mainstream political philosophers on this. Have some of them ...
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63 views

What a “Bismarckian realist”

I know who Otto von Bismarck is, I understand how someone would qualify as a realist. I don't understand what a "Bismarckian realist" is. Could someone explain this concept to me in detail?
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94 views

Resources on the ring of Gyges and mass surveillance?

Plato in the Republic recounts a story about a magical artifact, the Ring of Gyges, in Book II of the Republic. It is a device to motivate an investigation into the collective aspect of morality. ...
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29 views

Failed states and Gramsci

The state for Gramsci is not purely the stage for government; he elaborates it as the site for both political and civic society; the first is the realm of force (a la Hobbes leviathan) and the second ...
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85 views

Can political ideologies be logically undecidable? If so, what are the consequences of this?

I'm having a thought that I would like more expert opinion on, as this crosses boundaries between philosophical logic and political science. My premise is that a political ideology can be represented ...
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29 views

Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?

Research and discovery of counterarguments has quite a lot to do with philosophy as a practice, and I'm hoping to improve on my technique and see what others can do. In line with this, I have a ...
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110 views

Generalize Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

I find Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be fascinatingly insightful and concise: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with ...
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131 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
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51 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
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93 views

Is a work ethic, ethical?

Having a work ethic means being disciplined and hard-working amongst other things. But I'm hard-pressed to see this as being part of the notion of ethics in the usual or philosophical sense. Who ...
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63 views

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view?

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view? I know that the king had big power and should be a philosopher in Plato's view. If the queen have some ...
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48 views

What are the differences betweeen post-apocalyptic and anarchical or dystopic? [closed]

When I get into the definitions for fictions like novels and movies, I've became a bit confused. For example, there are some post-apocalyptic fictions and when there is an authority in that fiction it ...
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267 views

Can mathematics be political?

The Liverpool Tate have an exhibition currently running that discusses the dialectic between politics and art - the situationists, Bertolt Brecht and earlier the patronage of the court. Mathematics, ...
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66 views

The many Utopias [closed]

I am looking for philosophical texts that tackle the subject of Utopia. This is what I was able to find, that wasn't a novel. The Republic (ca. 380 BC) by Plato - one of the earliest conceptions of ...
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65 views

Answering difficult questions about the state of humanity [closed]

My child is at that age of asking difficult questions. Things like How come Japan has suffered two nuclear attacks and is still one of the largest economies in the world? Or How come people in ...
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90 views

What is the 'War on Terror'? [closed]

It isn't War, as classically defined by Clauswitz, which is defined to be declared by states against states; states are of course the pre-eminant form of political organisation since the Peace of ...
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98 views

How to approach study of PPE for the, non-achedemic, layman?

I'm a non-academic type (I left school at 16) who is also dyslexic with attention deficit problems. I've recently become interested in the study of philosophy, politics and economics (To answer ...