Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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How does Hegel develop the notion of freedom in his metaphysics?

It is agreed by everyone that liberty is a good thing; and one cannot have enough of a good thing; thus unlimited liberty must be one of the most perfect of goods. For in liberty unlimited one can ...
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1answer
82 views

Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution?

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
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3answers
73 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification ...
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2answers
27 views

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
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1answer
23 views

What does “deliberation” usually mean in John Rawls' theory?

“Deliberation” can mean a long careful consideration or be used to describe a process of interaction between various subject. When being used in the second sense, it refers to a crucial component of ...
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1answer
117 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
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1answer
21 views

Game theory: altruistic / selfish voting

In the largest published PDG [prison dilemma game] experiment (Rapoport & Chammah 1965), almost 50 percent of strategy choices were cooperative, and even in experiments using one-shot PDGs, ...
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1answer
39 views

Counter argument to Nozick's counter to principle of fairness

Are there any strong counter arguments of Nozick's counter argument to principle of fairness. Nozick argues that although people may receive the benefits from the state, it does not mean the people ...
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3answers
73 views

What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
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49 views

Which scholars argue that for art to be art, it must be for art's sake?

I understand this is partially supported by Nietzsche, but do others agree or adamantly disagree with this position? If so who?
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2answers
100 views

Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
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2answers
81 views

Can science remain objective when it is embedded in a world of politics? [closed]

Is science objective or, like other social creations, fundamentally tied to politics? First, science is operated by humans and its data and interpretations come from a political human who must always ...
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99 views

What are “entanglements” in “feminist philosophy”?

I saw this: http://www.hastac.org/blogs/ari-schlesinger/2013/11/26/feminism-and-programming-languages As someone who likes computer programming, I am intrigued by new ideas for computer programming ...
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2answers
48 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
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2answers
40 views

How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
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1answer
65 views

German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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54 views

What's the term for winning an argument using the elegance of manipulation?

Arguments can be won by utilizing a mixture of ethos, pathos, and logos. Logos may either appeal using real logic (facts), or using deceptive logic (non-facts). What's the term for deceiving ...
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29 views

Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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1answer
32 views

Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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36 views

Main meaning of the cave in Plato's republic

Can someone explain to me a layman explanation of the importance of the "cave sections" in Plato's republic and some questions that ponder modern philosophers or things I should ponder about the myth ...
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1answer
94 views

Major Themes in Plato's Republic

Please don't take my question as any form of offense. I am a high school student and I accidentally chose a advanced philosophy course that I am stuck with. I am studying Plato's republic ...
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1answer
33 views

Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
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1answer
60 views

What is Intellectual Anarchism?

Every now and then I hear the phrase "intellectual anarchism". What does this mean exactly? Wikipedia has no article of that name, and google doesn't throw up much (a few disparate uses of the ...
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103 views

Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya [closed]

I have heard and also read a little that in 500 B.C. an Indian genius Chankya, caused the fall of Magdha empire, and made a street guy The king named Chandragupta. He was an exceptional strategist and ...
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1answer
66 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
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2answers
163 views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
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37 views

which philosopher was suspicious of the word “natural”?

He was suspicious because he noticed that the word "natural" is often used to convince people that something is "true without need for further explanation" - a suspicious usage, certainly. Heard ...
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56 views

What is the paradox of democracy? [closed]

What is the paradox of democracy? If there are multiple paradoxes feel free to mention them. I am especially looking for the views of mainstream political philosophers on this. Have some of them ...
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1answer
63 views

What a “Bismarckian realist”

I know who Otto von Bismarck is, I understand how someone would qualify as a realist. I don't understand what a "Bismarckian realist" is. Could someone explain this concept to me in detail?
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92 views

Resources on the ring of Gyges and mass surveillance?

Plato in the Republic recounts a story about a magical artifact, the Ring of Gyges, in Book II of the Republic. It is a device to motivate an investigation into the collective aspect of morality. ...
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28 views

Failed states and Gramsci

The state for Gramsci is not purely the stage for government; he elaborates it as the site for both political and civic society; the first is the realm of force (a la Hobbes leviathan) and the second ...
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3answers
81 views

Can political ideologies be logically undecidable? If so, what are the consequences of this?

I'm having a thought that I would like more expert opinion on, as this crosses boundaries between philosophical logic and political science. My premise is that a political ideology can be represented ...
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2answers
29 views

Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?

Research and discovery of counterarguments has quite a lot to do with philosophy as a practice, and I'm hoping to improve on my technique and see what others can do. In line with this, I have a ...
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1answer
109 views

Generalize Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

I find Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be fascinatingly insightful and concise: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with ...
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2answers
131 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
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1answer
51 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
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3answers
92 views

Is a work ethic, ethical?

Having a work ethic means being disciplined and hard-working amongst other things. But I'm hard-pressed to see this as being part of the notion of ethics in the usual or philosophical sense. Who ...
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1answer
62 views

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view?

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view? I know that the king had big power and should be a philosopher in Plato's view. If the queen have some ...
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1answer
48 views

What are the differences betweeen post-apocalyptic and anarchical or dystopic? [closed]

When I get into the definitions for fictions like novels and movies, I've became a bit confused. For example, there are some post-apocalyptic fictions and when there is an authority in that fiction it ...
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5answers
265 views

Can mathematics be political?

The Liverpool Tate have an exhibition currently running that discusses the dialectic between politics and art - the situationists, Bertolt Brecht and earlier the patronage of the court. Mathematics, ...
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1answer
65 views

The many Utopias [closed]

I am looking for philosophical texts that tackle the subject of Utopia. This is what I was able to find, that wasn't a novel. The Republic (ca. 380 BC) by Plato - one of the earliest conceptions of ...
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65 views

Answering difficult questions about the state of humanity [closed]

My child is at that age of asking difficult questions. Things like How come Japan has suffered two nuclear attacks and is still one of the largest economies in the world? Or How come people in ...
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3answers
89 views

What is the 'War on Terror'? [closed]

It isn't War, as classically defined by Clauswitz, which is defined to be declared by states against states; states are of course the pre-eminant form of political organisation since the Peace of ...
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3answers
96 views

How to approach study of PPE for the, non-achedemic, layman?

I'm a non-academic type (I left school at 16) who is also dyslexic with attention deficit problems. I've recently become interested in the study of philosophy, politics and economics (To answer ...
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4answers
362 views

Why is taxation opposed by libertarians?

I have recently learnt that taxation is opposed by libertarians and that they the cite the principle of self - possession to justify this, an interesting argument along these lines equated taxation to ...
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2answers
128 views

Was Marcus Aurelius the first philosopher-king?

Marcus Aurelius, well-known for his Meditations, in the second century AD, was a Stoic philosopher and also emperor of the Roman empire. Plato, in his Republic, advised that the ideal rulers of his ...
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2k views

What is the Difference Between Human Rights and Natural Rights?

When people discuss the human rights and natural rights, there seems to be a distinction between the two, where standard interpretations of human rights (such as the Universal Declaration of Human ...
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2answers
51 views

Problems of political philosophy? [duplicate]

Are there any resources or references that concisely state the problems with political philosophy? Recommended texts for beginners are also welcome!
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1answer
44 views

The future of my philosophical understanding and methods for getting there

I am trying to go through a semi-rigorous self-teaching regimen, and I was wondering if I could get some criticism on my approach. I'm interested in philosophy of economics, social philosophy, and ...
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Can public funding panels properly represent the interests of the public?

The public funds a large number of projects in the arts, humanities and sciences. How this funding is distributed is decided by a small group of people who given the power to make a decision on behalf ...