Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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129 views

Why does Marxism equate to Communism?

As I understand it, Karl Marx was anticaptitalism, but is that such a bad thing? I have not read the Communist Manifesto. I have read a brief summary of his ideas which translated to finding meaning ...
1
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1answer
66 views

War vs Peace thinking is incomplete because it ignores the third category. What is that Category? [closed]

A random ongoing human condition can be experiencing war. Similarly, it can be experiencing peace. I believe it can also be experiencing a third category which is neither war nor peace. I believe most ...
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1answer
35 views

Why does western law treat criminal and civil violations so differently [closed]

Example 1, criminal act: You find a set of keys on the ground and use them to obtain access to a nearby xyz, taking it away for your own use. You make no effort to pay for the xyz. Example 2, ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Spectacle and Schizophrenia

Debord in Spectacle in writes: The parallel between ideology and schizophrenia drawn by Joseph Gabel false consciousness should be seen in this context of the economic process of the ...
1
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3answers
75 views

What is Capital?

One hears a great deal about Capitalisms and anti-capitalisms; but what do these terms actually mean? Have these terms been so used and abused that they now mean very little? Can I just think of ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
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2answers
71 views

Is the logic precept that for two propositions there are four truth values ever applied to serious matters?

An elementary precept of logic says that where there are two propositions, P and Q, there are four possible "truth values", P&~Q, ~P&Q, P&Q, ~P&~Q, where ~ means "not."   Do people ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Is it immoral to pay taxes?

Assume your government participates in immoral wars that are unjust according to your personal beliefs and religious doctrine (for example Christian just war theory), is giving support to the ...
-1
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1answer
48 views

What does it mean to demean oneself? [closed]

The State of Texas Bar Association has each new member take the following oath: I,___ , do affirm that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and of this State; that I will honestly ...
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0answers
14 views

How does Hegel develop the notion of freedom in his metaphysics?

It is agreed by everyone that liberty is a good thing; and one cannot have enough of a good thing; thus unlimited liberty must be one of the most perfect of goods. For in liberty unlimited one can ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Did Socrates Help or Hurt Athens by Submitting to Execution? [closed]

My question is in the title. My thoughts are that Crito seems on its face to indicate that Socrates did not want to escape execution because exile would spell his ruin, breaking his voluntary social ...
0
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3answers
85 views

Why Equal Rights?

It seems like the concept im describing is called Utilitarianism it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong Update Clarification ...
0
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2answers
50 views

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention?

How does J.S. Mill's liberty principle encourage paternalistic intervention? Mill's liberty principle states that : “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over a member of ...
2
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1answer
32 views

What does “deliberation” usually mean in John Rawls' theory?

“Deliberation” can mean a long careful consideration or be used to describe a process of interaction between various subject. When being used in the second sense, it refers to a crucial component of ...
4
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1answer
128 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Game theory: altruistic / selfish voting

In the largest published PDG [prison dilemma game] experiment (Rapoport & Chammah 1965), almost 50 percent of strategy choices were cooperative, and even in experiments using one-shot PDGs, ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Counter argument to Nozick's counter to principle of fairness

Are there any strong counter arguments of Nozick's counter argument to principle of fairness. Nozick argues that although people may receive the benefits from the state, it does not mean the people ...
0
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3answers
97 views

What can be plausible justification for the judges' subjectivity in interpreting some laws? (More questions below)

The Judiciary generally holds the power to interpret the law based on the legislative intent. However, some of their judgments may be counter-intuitive, if not contrary to the clear and unmistakable ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Which scholars argue that for art to be art, it must be for art's sake?

I understand this is partially supported by Nietzsche, but do others agree or adamantly disagree with this position? If so who?
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2answers
113 views

Moral responsibility of sovereign states

I was conversing with my partner on this question a few hours ago. The conversation got me curious on the question, "does a state have a moral obligation towards people that suffered from its actions ...
3
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2answers
87 views

Can science remain objective when it is embedded in a world of politics? [closed]

Is science objective or, like other social creations, fundamentally tied to politics? First, science is operated by humans and its data and interpretations come from a political human who must always ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

What are “entanglements” in “feminist philosophy”?

I saw this: http://www.hastac.org/blogs/ari-schlesinger/2013/11/26/feminism-and-programming-languages As someone who likes computer programming, I am intrigued by new ideas for computer programming ...
3
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2answers
55 views

Was the Communist Manifesto actually representative of Marx's ideology?

The Communist Manifesto (TCM, from here on) has become the most well-known work by Karl Marx - even more so than Kapital. However, I'm wondering if it is it correct to call the points laid out by the ...
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2answers
54 views

How would Kant decide whether a law is ethical?

From what I understand, I know that Kant believes that the purpose of government is to "[hinder] a hindrance to freedom" that people could impose on others. Additionally, in a Kantian government ...
6
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1answer
77 views

German philosophers on (french) revolution

I'm reading an essay written by the Italian philosopher Remo Bodei, where he examines the thoughts of some German philosopher on the french revolution and revolutions in general. According to him, ...
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2answers
59 views

What's the term for winning an argument using the elegance of manipulation?

Arguments can be won by utilizing a mixture of ethos, pathos, and logos. Logos may either appeal using real logic (facts), or using deceptive logic (non-facts). What's the term for deceiving ...
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0answers
84 views

Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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1answer
60 views

Virtue and Vices associated with Pleasures in daily life?

I've been reading through the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, translated by Terence Irwin. I have found his work far more to my liking than that of Mills in Utilitarianism and the work of Kant. What ...
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0answers
37 views

Main meaning of the cave in Plato's republic

Can someone explain to me a layman explanation of the importance of the "cave sections" in Plato's republic and some questions that ponder modern philosophers or things I should ponder about the myth ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Major Themes in Plato's Republic

Please don't take my question as any form of offense. I am a high school student and I accidentally chose a advanced philosophy course that I am stuck with. I am studying Plato's republic ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
0
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1answer
84 views

What is Intellectual Anarchism?

Every now and then I hear the phrase "intellectual anarchism". What does this mean exactly? Wikipedia has no article of that name, and google doesn't throw up much (a few disparate uses of the ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya [closed]

I have heard and also read a little that in 500 B.C. an Indian genius Chankya, caused the fall of Magdha empire, and made a street guy The king named Chandragupta. He was an exceptional strategist and ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Is there an ethical case for Womens Colleges being publicly funded while other similar institutions are not?

Disclaimer: I'm not trying to lead a question or push an agenda. I'm looking for serious answers that address the situation. In the US at least, an educational institution that receives public ...
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2answers
194 views

How does libertarian philosophy deal with voluntary cannibalism? [closed]

I came across the example in a book of consensual cannibalism: Person A gave his willing and explicit consent to be killed and eaten by person B, in exchange for nothing but the experience of it (No ...
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0answers
38 views

which philosopher was suspicious of the word “natural”?

He was suspicious because he noticed that the word "natural" is often used to convince people that something is "true without need for further explanation" - a suspicious usage, certainly. Heard ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the paradox of democracy? [closed]

What is the paradox of democracy? If there are multiple paradoxes feel free to mention them. I am especially looking for the views of mainstream political philosophers on this. Have some of them ...
4
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1answer
63 views

What a “Bismarckian realist”

I know who Otto von Bismarck is, I understand how someone would qualify as a realist. I don't understand what a "Bismarckian realist" is. Could someone explain this concept to me in detail?
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0answers
96 views

Resources on the ring of Gyges and mass surveillance?

Plato in the Republic recounts a story about a magical artifact, the Ring of Gyges, in Book II of the Republic. It is a device to motivate an investigation into the collective aspect of morality. ...
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0answers
31 views

Failed states and Gramsci

The state for Gramsci is not purely the stage for government; he elaborates it as the site for both political and civic society; the first is the realm of force (a la Hobbes leviathan) and the second ...
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3answers
87 views

Can political ideologies be logically undecidable? If so, what are the consequences of this?

I'm having a thought that I would like more expert opinion on, as this crosses boundaries between philosophical logic and political science. My premise is that a political ideology can be represented ...
1
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2answers
33 views

Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?

Research and discovery of counterarguments has quite a lot to do with philosophy as a practice, and I'm hoping to improve on my technique and see what others can do. In line with this, I have a ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Generalize Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

I find Article I of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights to be fascinatingly insightful and concise: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with ...
1
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2answers
132 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
2
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3answers
95 views

Is a work ethic, ethical?

Having a work ethic means being disciplined and hard-working amongst other things. But I'm hard-pressed to see this as being part of the notion of ethics in the usual or philosophical sense. Who ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view?

Should a king be restrict to marry a queen that is also a philosopher in Plato's point of view? I know that the king had big power and should be a philosopher in Plato's view. If the queen have some ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What are the differences betweeen post-apocalyptic and anarchical or dystopic? [closed]

When I get into the definitions for fictions like novels and movies, I've became a bit confused. For example, there are some post-apocalyptic fictions and when there is an authority in that fiction it ...
4
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5answers
267 views

Can mathematics be political?

The Liverpool Tate have an exhibition currently running that discusses the dialectic between politics and art - the situationists, Bertolt Brecht and earlier the patronage of the court. Mathematics, ...
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1answer
66 views

The many Utopias [closed]

I am looking for philosophical texts that tackle the subject of Utopia. This is what I was able to find, that wasn't a novel. The Republic (ca. 380 BC) by Plato - one of the earliest conceptions of ...