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11
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5answers
2k views

Aristotle's objection to Zeno's paradox

It seems to me, perhaps naïvely, that Aristotle resolved Zenos' famous paradoxes well, when he said that, Time is not composed of indivisible nows any more than any other magnitude is composed of ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
2
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4answers
76 views

Lecture about presocratic cosmology [closed]

I want to make a lecture of 60 minutes to my students about presocratic cosmology and I would like some advices and book suggestions. Thanks
0
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0answers
32 views

Love and hate as a single principle?

Amitie and Strife is a principle of motion in the temporal sphere according to Aristotle; theorised by Anaxagoras. Can one make it a single principle? After all, from common experience; one can love ...
2
votes
6answers
312 views

If a cone is divided in a plane parallel to its base, are the surfaces produced by the cut the same or different in size?

Democritus of Abdera, the ancient philosopher of Greece, reasoned over two thousand years ago: If a cut were made through a cone parallel to its base, how should we conceive of the two opposing ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

How historically grounded is the standard narrative of the Irrationals in Antiquity?

Its commonly said that the Pythagoreans were unbalanced by the discovery of the irrationals; since their philosophy was predicated on ratios; ratios of two finite numbers. Still, it is natural to ...
6
votes
2answers
202 views

Did Thales really argue this?

Neil deGrasse Tyson in “Deeper, Deeper, Deeper Still” (Cosmos) says something to the following effect. The ancient Greek philosopher Thales argued that natural events such as weather patterns ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

What did Democritus talk about when he talked about “atoms”?

What did the ancient atomists, e.g. Democritus, say about the number of different sorts of atoms? Did they assume four sorts, corresponding to the four elements (earth, water, air, fire, water)? Any ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Does pure Place have Being?

According to Aristotelian physics A vacuum, or void, is a place free of everything, and Aristotle argued against the possibility. Void doesn't seem to be the Parmenidian Non-Being. It still ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Question Concerning A Line From Empedocles Works

Here is the paragraph containing the line to which I referred in the title: The powers spread over the body are constricted, and many afflictions burst in and dull their meditations. After ...
3
votes
1answer
507 views

Why did Thales say the water is the originating principle, according to Russell?

If I remember Russells Short History of Western Philosophy correctly, Russell unequivocally maintains that Thales was the first philosopher of note. He said: The world is made of water Russell ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there any similarity between Parmenides and Berkeley on this score?

J. Barnes says: "Berkeley's argument is in direct line of descent from Parmenides” (The Presocratic Philosophers, p171). This sentence shows up right after he interpreted what Parmenides means by ...
3
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2answers
306 views

If Parmenides denied the reality of void, would he then have affirmed the reality of space?

Lucretious, in his poem de rerum natura had atoms moving through the void. It seems at least from a modern perspective that his void is what we would call space. The interesting question, which I ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Is Oedipus Rex as an encounter of reason with myth?

I'm interested in alternate readings of Oedipus Rex, as opposed to the orthodox modern position embedded in Philosophy since Freud. I've noticed, that the wikipedia entry on Sophocles treatment of ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Why are the hellenic philosophers before Platos time referred to as pre-socratic?

It seems plausible to me that they could equally have been called pre-Plato. Whats the significance of Socrates? Did he instill an ethical turn in Hellenic philosophy (or be seen to do so)?
9
votes
2answers
312 views

Is knowledge possible in the Heraclitean system?

Heraclitus proposed that everything was in flux always: The Greeks before Heraclitus focused on the essence of things, its nature and being, which they deemed unchangeable. In contrast, Heraclitus ...