John Rawls (1921 - 2002) was an American philosopher.

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What kind of paradoxes might result from applying the maximin principle in a scheme of distributive justice?

I quote from John Harsanyi "Can the Maximin Principle Serve as a Basis for Morality? A Critique of John Rawls's Theory" (1975) (My italics). But then came a growing realization that the maximin ...
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Can Rawls justify eugenics?

Rawls seems partial to the idea of eugenics, as perhaps this is the corollary of the difference principle. Am I correct in this understanding? I refer to p.92 of A Theory of Justice (1999): In the ...
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Is justice a zero-sum game?

I'm studying Rawls and the notion of justice being a zero-sum game has been a recurring, underlying question. His theory seems to suggest that justice works in this way, however I wonder if there are ...
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The Welfare state and the compromise between liberty and equality

The real question i am concerned with, linking the titular themes is: 1. Can a welfare state be organised that does not impose so many constraints on liberty, in the name of equality, that those ...
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Is Nozick's Criticism of Rawls correct?

When Nozick says distributive justice 'marks a shift from the classical liberal notion of self ownership to a notion of property rights in others', is this a fair criticism of Rawls and distributive ...
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What are prominent attacks of Rawls' “veil of ignorance” argument? Which liberal philosophers have advanced it?

In John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, he argues that morally, society should be constructed politically as if we were all behind a veil of ignorance; that is, the rules and precepts of society should be ...