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0answers
29 views

What is relative, and what is absolute? [on hold]

Attempting to rationalise understanding, I came to the conclusion some time ago that everything is relative. This is akin to Wittgenstein's concept of family resemblance; namely that no word has ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Epistemology of derealization

I'm wondering if anyone has analyzed derealization from an epistemological perspective. If one person perceives the world as real and another perceives it as unreal, are we justified in viewing the ...
6
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2answers
172 views

If we live in a simulated world, doesn't there have to be a first world that's real?

There are people who believe we live in a world simulated on a computer. That computer must have been built in either another computer generated world or a real world. If it has been made in another ...
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0answers
45 views

Aristotelian Argument Against Theory of Forms

I'm new to philosophical studies, my background is in mathematics. I've just read some of Aristotle's Metaphysics today, and would like critique on a brief argument I wrote against Plato's Forms ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Why must physics (empirical measurement) be consistent?

In this TEDx talk, Physicist and Nobel Laureate George Smoot claims (around 19:00) that inconsistency in measurements of the universe imply either that our universe is not real, that is, that we live ...
3
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8answers
146 views

What proof do we have that time is moving forward?

We mark the progress of time by a thin line between past memories and no memories (the future). If time is actually flowing backwards or even standing still we would not know it. If memories are ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Isn't a brain not just another vat?

The brain in the vat scenario seems unfinished to me: Let say we come to the conclusion that we are, or bettter I am a brain in a vat and all you are simulated by an external evil(?) demon. Ok, this ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

At an everyday level, we seem to subscribe to a from of strong realism which doesn't leave any room for skepticism. We are certain that individuals who hear voices in their heads or who have ...
7
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3answers
159 views

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

Einstein insisted that nature is locally real, which is also know as counterfactual defeniteness and means that results of experiments are predetermined. But, if everything is predetermined in every ...
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3answers
62 views

Have any thinkers applied empiricism to the dreaming and deep sleep states?

The Mandukya Upanishad is a philosophical text found in the Vedas, which are among the most important scriptures of Hinduism. Here is what V. Subrahmanya Iyer says in a foreword to a translation of ...
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1answer
53 views

Is our reality real? [closed]

Our perception of reality is flawed. Not only are we limited to a narrow bandwidth of light and sound waves, but size and shape depend on our angle and distance from an object. The reality we percieve ...
-1
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1answer
31 views

Can anyone explain what do they mean by, 'The past is just a story we tell ourselves'? [closed]

Even if we keep repeating our past to ourselves, still it is not just a story, I think so. It is something that happened to us, the experience is not a story.
3
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1answer
66 views

Does a rejection of the principle of sufficient reason result in blurring the distinction between being and non-being?

Celestine Bittle in 'Reality and the Mind' holds that if we do not grant that there is a reason for being rather than non-being, then there is no actual distinction between being and non-being since ...
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4answers
110 views

The number Pi as a simulated reality counterargument? [closed]

There is a similar discussion on Reddit . The idea is to use the number Pi as a trigger to prove ourselves that we do not live in some kind of computer simulation. The logic is simple: as we know ...
12
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11answers
2k views

What are some arguments against the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment?

I read this article about how this guy in Switzerland did an experiment that he thought proved the Simulation Hypothesis of reality (link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.1847). I have also been reading ...
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2answers
61 views

Is taking a drug that makes us mentally go back in time and simulate our life in sleep the same as doing it “physically”? [closed]

Imagine if you had done something really bad in the past which had caused you suffering in the present. You really want to go back in time and change it. Unfortunately, at the moment, it's impossible ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Would truly random events be strictly equivalent to events without a cause?

There are a couple of questions (one, another) about this topic, and as I was thinking about this for a while, I started wondering whether there has been any systematic research into this that raises ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Is Objective Reality really just the Subjective Agreement of a given group?

The famous quote "Perception is Reality" can lead to solipsism as a philosophy - that perhaps "I" am the only being that exists, and "reality" is only what I am creating it to be through my own ...
2
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3answers
101 views

What is the philosophical difference between “Reality” and “Truth”? [closed]

While talking philosophically, I want to know the difference between Reality and Truth. Especially while Asking this question, I've used Reality/Truth because I don't know How they are different in ...
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9answers
5k views

Does True Randomness actually exist? [duplicate]

I tend to think of randomness as a lack of complete information when it comes to knowing something. If we look at the history of probability theory it centers on a lack of knowing the exact outcome of ...
2
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3answers
169 views

A final end to the depth we can investigate reality?

The higher energies we use the deeper we look into the mysteries of the universe. We started to find molecules, atoms, protons, quarks, ... All at different energy scales. Each new stage forced and ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Who does Nietzsche denounce for believing that the external world is the product of our organs, and what is the reasoning behind such belief?

I've just started Nietzsche's "Beyond Good and Evil." I am confused about this section. When Nietzsche refers to people who "say that the external world is the product of our organs," does he mean ...
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2answers
56 views

Is there something to theory as theory is practice? [closed]

Practice can be explained with theory, but what can theory be explained with? I would say that theory can only be affected directly by the reality itself. However neither one of us experiences the ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

How does Descartes determine that the idea of God has more objective reality than finite substance?

Descartes's third meditation, which sets out to prove the existence of God from previous considerations, confuses me greatly. Descartes appears to be trying to make an argument that the source must ...
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2answers
55 views

Will an Omnipotent being ever make an change into the state of this reality

Being able to make any change to the state of reality pretty much makes everything an meaningless endeavor. In my view an Omnipotent being will know everything and anything in it's entirety. He/She ...
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1answer
83 views

Do questions about the ultimate truth make sense? Are we capable of understanding the system in which we live? (Looking for directions/references)

I am recently reading a lot about topics like free will or consciousness. It seems that many philosophers are trying to argue about these concepts in an ultimate and final way, that means they are ...
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2answers
1k views

If magic is “fake,” why is science real? [closed]

Consider this: I watch a Harry Potter movie when I am a kid (I did) and, as early as kids, of course, older people tend to teach young kids at some point that motion pictures are "fiction" and not to ...
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0answers
51 views

convince me reality exists [duplicate]

Most contemporary uses of the word reality are empirical assertions. What argument can be given that we are discovering Plato's true forms, or that there are any true forms to be found. Is there a ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

How do laws of nature enforce themselves?

The Humean view prevailing today is that laws of nature are mere regularities of the empirical events. However, there seems to be a difference between post factum regularities, like the Titius-Bode ...
0
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2answers
154 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
0
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3answers
161 views

Something, nothing, and death [closed]

Consider for a moment the classic question "Why is there something rather than nothing?" My favorite answer is a terribly funny statement by a stand up comedian in Hebrew: "eem ein ein, az yesh yesh!"...
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16answers
6k views

Can we prove reality?

I heard someone make an assertion that 'We cannot really prove that there is reality.'. 'Reality' here would mean the universe and everything in it. You could look at an apple and think its an apple ...
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10answers
6k views

Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
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2answers
336 views

If there are infinite realities, do realities exist in which there are no infinite realities?

I don't have any experience with physics. I am just very interested to know whether or not this might be possible.
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4answers
647 views

How do the meanings of *to exist*, *to be*, and *real* differ?

What definition of to exist, of to be, and of real preponderates contemporary philosophy? How do the terms differ from one another?
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Deny the existence of infinities by philosophical means only [closed]

Is it possible to deny the existence of infinities in the real world, by philosophical means only? If it makes it easier, I'm mainly interested to deny that we can know an infinite amount of things (...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Who is inside and outside the bubble? [closed]

Are some people 'inside the bubble' ie. non thinking and sheep like and other people 'outside the bubble' with self awareness and well developed consciousness? If so is there a way of defining the ...
0
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3answers
96 views

Why we think that we thinking by ourselves, independent and free [closed]

If anything thats every been created depends on its creator. Take computers for example where they think math but its us that programmed them. Then why do we feel that we think by ourselves, is it ...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

Is it necessary/possible to prove that facts exist?

I am having a debate with someone on the internets. He claims that there are no such things as facts absent interpretation. For example, if I see a ball dropping, it's not a fact that a ball is ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

The reality of self [closed]

A person is perceived and judged by their actions. Frequently the intention or motive of a person's actions can be misunderstood or misinterpreted for a variety of factors. A few possible factors ...
6
votes
2answers
411 views

Kant vs Brain in the vat

If my interpretation is correct, Kant argued in the Critique of pure reason and Prolegomena that: The existence of an external world guarantees that we can intuit, conceive, etc internally. This ...
6
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4answers
477 views

Why can the human mind perceive things that are not reality, despite being born from it?

If man is born from the universe, we are a product of the universe. This much is certain. However we as people have the ability to fabricate thoughts and ideas that are completely fictional and ...
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6answers
1k views

What makes Humans different from a chemical computer?

Are we all robots? Is our DNA the 0's and 1's of computer code? Are we an advanced computer system, with instead of keyboard and mouse input... input from our senses. Our database being our brain ...
4
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2answers
169 views

How do correspondence theories handle statements like these?

I have a number of true statements. Each of these statements is a case where I have difficulty seeing how (assuming physicalism) the statement could correspond to a state of affairs. My question is: ...
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4answers
4k views

What are the most basic assumptions one has to make in order to conduct science?

I often wondered: What are the most basic assumptions I have to make before I can even start thinking about life, universe and the rest? So far I have boiled them down to three: There is a world, a ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

What does Einstein's quote “If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts” mean? [closed]

What did Einstein really mean by saying: If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts.
2
votes
3answers
265 views

Succinct argument for the fundamental role of binary digits as information units

I will clear up the context of this question so that the potential answers can be effectively targeted towards what I'm looking for. Information (at least in the non-semantic, canonical sense of the ...
9
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3answers
442 views

What would a quantum interpretation without ontology be like?

LuboŇ° Motl keeps insisting quantum mechanics invalidates ontology, and has made ontology obsolete, just like phlogiston. What would metaphysics without ontology look like, where words like "existence" ...
0
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2answers
750 views

Can we create the Matrix?

Can we fully simulate the reality for a Brain in the Vat (BIV)? For example i clone myself and connect the clone's brain to a very sophisticated computer, which simulates a part of the universe (for ...
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2answers
196 views

Emulation, simulation and the real thing

The description of the strong AI position in the wikipedia article on the Chinese room describes the blurring of the difference between a simulation and the real thing with respect to the mind: ...