The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
57 views

Can a materialist accept indeterminism? Can a reductionist?

The usual argument against it is that if behavior of matter is not fully determined by its state then it has to be determined by something else, ergo dualism. This begs the question however, unless we ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Does logical positivism necessarily entail reductionism?

I always assumed that Logical Positivism and reductionism went hand in hand, and that refutations of LP automatically made the case for reductionism weaker. My reasoning was: if only empirically ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

Computational intractability and reductionism?

It seems straightforward to argue that if the variables of one physical (or biological) theory A are shown to be uncomputable (in the Turing sense) as a function of the variables of another physical ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Does the Church-Turing-Deutsch principle (i.e the physical version of the Church-Turing thesis) imply reductionism?

In the following I am not considering substance dualism or idealism, but only materialist/physicalist theories. The Church-Turing thesis states: Every ‘function which would naturally be ...
-1
votes
1answer
129 views

Hierarchical Reductionism vs Emergentism [closed]

How does Hierarchical Reductionism (as coined by Richard Dawkins) differ from Emergentism exactly? Edit: Dawkins' definition of hierarchical reductionism: ...
2
votes
3answers
90 views

Is there a term for materialistic non-determinism?

I was trying to explain to someone that an underlying assumption of science is ... and then couldn't come up with a term to describe it. What I'm hoping to give a name to, is the idea that the world ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Scientific Reduction, Logical Positivism, and Quine [closed]

Just to set up the question: For the positivists construed reduction linguistically. It is talk of water that reduces to talk of H2O. If Quine’s holism is right, this distinction between deciding ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there an economic philosophy that is dualistic?

In classical economics its obvious that the philosophical model followed is inspired by both physics in its reductionism and biology to a primary notion - that of self-interest. This self-interest ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

How exactly does antireductionism undermine the scientific method?

I was reading a wikipedia article on Antireductionism. What I cannot understand is how exactly does antireductionism undermine the "scientific method" to a certain degree?
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between “emergence” and “reductionism”?

Isn't a system, which emerged from simpler system also reducible to the simpler system? More general, is emergence the reverse term to reducitionism?
7
votes
1answer
364 views

Who was to first to apply the reductionist hypothesis to science?

I don't have much background in philosophy, but I recently read an interesting paper about "emergence" (Anderson, 1972). In that paper, Anderson relates to the "reductionist" hypothesis. When and by ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Are there purely-mathematics-based explanations of existence?

I'm asking for the name of a philosophy and any authors, books, or articles that explore a particular philosophy. The philosophy is motivated in part by a question of, "in what is our ...
11
votes
2answers
445 views

Is reductionism the primary means of logical analysis in analytic philosophy?

I was reading a philosophical article about analytic philosophy and I saw the claim: Russell and many philosophers influenced by him asserted that complex statements can be reduced to simple ...