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In which text/paper was the concept of dialetheism first introduced as a serious position?

More or less the question title. My final-year logic course a few years back covered a number of non-classical logics (deontic, Kleene/Lukasiewicz multi-valued, etc.), however dialetheism was left as ...
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0answers
27 views

Maslow quote about the student questioning the teacher

Maslow has a quote that i cannot find... perhaps someone can assist. in general he spoke that a student that questions the teacher is often called a troublemaker (of course paraphrased) Does anyone ...
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0answers
64 views

Slavoj Žižek on Silicon Valley culture

I'm looking for a certain remark made about Silicon Valley technologists as "fascists". Or a related remark. I don't remember if it was part of an article or something said in an interview.
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5answers
378 views

Ethics of time travel

Has anyone addressed the ethics of time travel? Time travel looks like a gold mine for moral dilemmas, but I don't know of anyone who addresses these issues. For example: Am I morally obligated to ...
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2answers
61 views

Call for references on objections to the axioms of modal logic

Looking for good/classical references on objections/criticism of modal logic. I am a bit familiar with the work of Quine, but find his objections around the paradoxes of material implication, or the ...
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1answer
37 views

Books for philosophy of mind

I took a class covering some problems of philosophy of mind last term; On free will and mental causation. And I'm reading Kim's philosophy of mind But since my professor was taught by Kim, I want to ...
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3answers
76 views

Ways of thinking about the world evolve for the better

I want to take it as given that our ways of thinking about the world have evolved--and will continue to evolve--for the better. (By "our" I mean educated society.) Science is able to characterize more ...
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0answers
28 views

What are some book suggestions for further reading about Camus and the absurd, after reading the Stranger and Myth of Sisyphus?

I read The Stranger a long time ago, but I'm sure I missed a lot. More recently I've read a bit of Kierkegaard and now I'm making my way through The Myth of Sisyphus (and am more inclined to agree ...
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0answers
97 views

Absolute Truth - Is there existence?

I restate the question in a simpler and more specific way; is there a proof or has a philosopher proved, that things can be absolute and observed by each in the same way? Are there like conserved ...
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1answer
71 views

Best philosophy of mathematics (text)book?

What work (or works) are best for beginning an independent study of the philosophy of mathematics?
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147 views

Witten's philosophy of exceptional nature

In various of his talks and writings, Edward Witten has been revealing -- always in passing -- a philosophical perspective saying that: Since nature (reality) is exceptional in that it has existence, ...
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0answers
15 views

C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Board’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography ...
3
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1answer
60 views

What types of inconsistency are there that we know of?

Just trying to verify consistency of a system, I need to have a list types of inconsistency to look out for, so far I have the followings: 1.Anachronistic inconsistency (e.g. trying to read a file ...
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2answers
73 views

Where to turn to after Montaigne?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
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8answers
289 views

That which is necessary is moral?

"That which is necessary is legal" is a doctrine practiced by sane states, so I would like to believe. What has been said about "That which is necessary is moral"?
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0answers
46 views

Taking now seriously (rather than tense)

McTaggert says time includes an "irreducible" A series, of the past present and future flowing on like we're used to. I think he says that the A series cannot exist so time isn't real. McTaggart ...
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1answer
67 views

On the personal identity of a self aware artificial intelligence

Philosophers have discussed the question of personal identity of humans, including humans uploaded to hypothetical computers; but are there any notable discussions of the problems of personal identity ...
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1answer
102 views

Many-worlds interpretation of QM and modal realism

Does the difficulty of making sense of quantum mechanical phenomena, (i.e. arriving at a nice philosophical interpretation of QM) taken together with Everett's many-worlds interpretation, constitute ...
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1answer
98 views

Books to self-study Immanuel Kant

I am impressed by Kant's moral or nominative laws- hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative as well as the three versions of the categorical imperative. I want to grasp whatever Kant ...
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1answer
17 views

References on ultimate determinism

One of the main philosophical questions is: Is everything in life predestined or not? In my view, everything up the smallest detail must be predestined. Here is the explanation for it: If one looks ...
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1answer
39 views
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1answer
47 views

Please recommend a good book on Physicalism

Can you recommend a good contemporary book that is considered a definitive or classical exposition of Physicalism? I have started reading Daniel Stoljar's Physicalism, but while it seems good, it is ...
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1answer
39 views

Consolation rather than justification

It seems that philosophy is usually involved in justifying claims. Does it profer any consolation? Have any philosophers written on the idea of "consolation" or indeed tried to console us?
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6answers
714 views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
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1answer
37 views

Did Kant say something like “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement”?

I need to fact-check something for a book. The author says: ... to paraphrase Kant, “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement.” I can't find anything along these lines online in ...
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3answers
72 views

Introduction Modal Logic with emphasis on metaphysics - free will particularly - and also mathematical logic

I'm reading Timothy O'Connor's 'Persons & Causes The metaphysics of free will' and the first chapter briefly goes into (though without introduction) the application of modal logic and ...
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4answers
78 views

Books on philosophy of economics

I'm a college student of physics, and I'm looking to expand my horizon in the field of philosophy of economics, so, what books would you recomend for newbies like me?. I was thinking in history of ...
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4answers
284 views

Philosophy: how to begin? (from a context of having studied mathematics) [duplicate]

I have just finished my second year of a pure mathematics degree and am intrigued by philosophy, and would like to spend my summer learning more about philosophy to accompany my mathematical interest. ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Are there Decision Trees for Identifying Fallacies?

Question 1: What is the recommended methodology for identifying specific fallacies? Is there a "Decision Tree", or some other helpful approach? Question 2: Or, at the very least, are there ...
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2answers
130 views

What's a good source for refreshing my formal logic skills prior to graduate school?

I need to flex my formal logic muscles prior to graduate school--I've had a dry spell in my logic practices while finishing my mathematics degree, particularly since the logic used in analysis, ...
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6answers
155 views

Is there any philosophical school of thought arguing for the primacy of words over symbols or mathematics in explaining things?

I'm not claiming that words are superior to symbols in all respects. I'm just curious if there is a school of thought arguing that natural language has more use than mathematics or formal language in ...
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7answers
545 views

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks?

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks (exempting textbooks on logic)? There are plenty of useful and introductory textbooks to Mathematics, Economics, Physics, Psychology and ...
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0answers
103 views

Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
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1answer
82 views

Should one prioritize other's life over his own?

Let's consider the following situation: You are a teacher in a school. A serious fire breaks out in your classroom during your class. All of the students are able to get out except for your ...
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0answers
18 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
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1answer
58 views

What reasoning does Melissus or Parmenides give against the existence of “empty” or “the void”?

Melissus reaffirms Parmenides by explaining how there cannot be many without the existence of that which is empty, and since that which is empty is nothing, and nothing can't exist, thus there cannot ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there a formalized logic for prepositions?

Certain words in natural language are more amenable to logical formalization. The conjunction "and" or weak conditional "unless" are easily applied to break statements into their constituent atomic ...
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3answers
185 views

Books or articles on military thought?

I'm looking to find writings on military thought. Not in the sense of tactics or history of war, but in the sense of being in or running a military force in the abstract. Ideally, possible topics ...
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1answer
47 views

Taine reference in Heidegger's 'What is metaphysics?'

In his inaugural speech 'What is Metaphysics?', in the first section[1], Heidegger characterizes science as being about 'being itself - and nothing more' ('das Seiende selbst - und weiter nichts'). In ...
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3answers
78 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
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3answers
106 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [closed]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
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1answer
77 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
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2answers
88 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
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2answers
80 views

Did Thomas Aquinas state randomness as a prerequisite of free will?

I was told the other day that in one work on free will, Thomas Aquinas suggested that some randomness / non-determinism was a prerequisite for its existence. Does any one know where he expressed this ...
4
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1answer
116 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
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4answers
159 views

Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
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4answers
139 views

Understanding “Being and Time”

After reading a few books on introduction to philosophy, I was recommended to read "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger as I found temporality very interesting. Knowing that this book is one that many ...
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0answers
57 views

Infantilization as explanation for wide-spread fear in society?

I came across the following quote in a radio programme (Das Philosophische Radio, in German) that is devoted to matters philosophy. The resulting question borders on sociology but I hope it is still ...
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5answers
185 views

Does anyone argue that Karl Popper's theory of critical rationalism does not meet its own conditions?

I am a huge fan of Dr. Popper's work, and particularly his theory that the property of falsifiability separates the scientific from the non-scientific. However, it struck me that this theory does not ...
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1answer
36 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...