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2
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62 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
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3answers
52 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [closed]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
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2answers
76 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
6
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2answers
63 views

Did Thomas Aquinas state randomness as a prerequisite of free will?

I was told the other day that in one work on free will, Thomas Aquinas suggested that some randomness / non-determinism was a prerequisite for its existence. Does any one know where he expressed this ...
4
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1answer
71 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
7
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2answers
80 views

Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
4
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4answers
113 views

Understanding “Being and Time”

After reading a few books on introduction to philosophy, I was recommended to read "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger as I found temporality very interesting. Knowing that this book is one that many ...
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0answers
31 views

Infantilization as explanation for wide-spread fear in society?

I came across the following quote in a radio programme (Das Philosophische Radio, in German) that is devoted to matters philosophy. The resulting question borders on sociology but I hope it is still ...
3
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5answers
111 views

Does anyone argue that Karl Popper's theory of critical rationalism does not meet its own conditions?

I am a huge fan of Dr. Popper's work, and particularly his theory that the property of falsifiability separates the scientific from the non-scientific. However, it struck me that this theory does not ...
2
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1answer
30 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Sigmund Freud related work to writer self empowerment by autobiography

I am writing my thesis on Quest of Feminine Identity, and i came across the theory of Sigmund Freud that said that Feminist Writers use Autobiographies as means of self empowerment, exploration ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Please recommend a good philosophical book on entropy

Can you recommend a good book on entropy? I'm interested in one which balances well philosophy and physics, since at both edges the likelihood of having to read through nonsense increases (physicists ...
2
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1answer
61 views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
8
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3answers
247 views

What are the historic stances on the epistemological status of mathematics?

I know that Plato and Kant thought it was synthetic a priori (although Plato would not have phrased it in that way). What other major thinkers have weighed in on this issue, on both sides of both the ...
3
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3answers
113 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
3
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4answers
142 views

Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Karl Popper critiques to historical relativism

In his book "In Search of a Better World", Popper says that he already have argued against historical and social relativism in other works. What are these others works?
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2answers
53 views

Does limited time constitute maximum effort?

Have there been any philosophers who have emphasized or spoken about/around any of the following ideas? The idea that our limited time on Earth does/doesn't constitute a responsibility to 'make best ...
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1answer
37 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
2
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2answers
89 views

First book to self-learn logic, mainly to improve reading comprehension?

I read Where is a good place to start reading about logic? and ask.metafilter.com, but want to focus on improving comprehension and parsing of difficult writing. I never studied logic before, and ...
4
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1answer
123 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
2
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5answers
286 views

Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
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2answers
103 views

Does the internet exist? [closed]

It occurred to me after seeing this headline: the-internet-explained-by-prisoners-who-have-never-seen-it to ask if I myself have ever seen it. Given that I never smelled, touched, tasted or heard ...
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0answers
35 views

Why not web-space at Stack Exchange for discussion of great literature, literary history, theory and criticism? [closed]

The Great Books! This is a broad enough subject area with significant specificity for discussion of philosophy, theology, politics and social history with related topics each providing a field of ...
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0answers
36 views

Annotations or explanations for difficult philosophy writing in English?

Are there any books, guides, or annotated editions that explain or gloss complex, worthy philosophy writing in English? I prefer works originally written in English to improve my reading comprehension ...
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3answers
106 views

'Can't answer' as a philosophical response to moral questions

On the Quora forum, there is a question called "Are Some People Better Than Others?" One answer contrasts an altruistic doctor with a selfish criminal, but concludes that there is no real reason to ...
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1answer
59 views

The relation between abduction and induction

This I hope is the last question I have, I am serious about researching this one! Is abduction a specie of induction? By which I mean to ask if we can adbuce what we could never know by induction. ...
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2answers
47 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
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1answer
79 views

Creativity in mathematics [duplicate]

Hello can anyone especially e.g. an actual mathematician, from the horses mouth, explain what role this has in mathematics, both through the whole course of learning skills and mathematics, and ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
3
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8answers
659 views

Can there be an argument without premises?

After a lengthy discussion with WillO here, we can't seem to find a common ground and I am interested in whether there really could be an argument without a single premise. Another question whose ...
0
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2answers
63 views

What Philosopher Said This?

Does any one recall the philosopher who stated that in order to truly debate a subject one must first give up the idea that their opinions on the subject are valid? I don't remember who he was, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
0
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1answer
39 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
0
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4answers
147 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
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1answer
52 views

Introduction to Nihilism

What are some good basic texts to study on Nihilism on your own. I am interested in knowing philosophy of Nihilism.
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3answers
81 views

Mildly interesting: is the number of objects in the universe at any given time finite? [closed]

My guess is yes. Here's my reasoning. There are a finite number of atoms in the universe (the current estimate is about 10^80). In other words, the set of all atoms in the (observable) universe is a ...
2
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3answers
62 views

I have some naïve ideas about utilitarianism. What should I read that might be related?

I've only taken a few introductory philosophy classes, but I'm very interested in philosophy in general. Within ethics, (I think) I subscribe to utilitarianism in some form. I feel as though most (if ...
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0answers
32 views

Moral sense theory / Meaning of life

Moral sense theory is as follows in this tip top wiki article. Presumably ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_sense_theory I was just wondering if anyone says anything similar about the particular ...
6
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4answers
389 views

Where to begin Nietzsche?

I am a mathematics student, but always interested in philosophical arguments especially on Love and God. I am also currently studying an extra course on philosophy of rationality which discusses ...
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1answer
42 views

An article by Jacob Pandian [closed]

There is an article named "The Dangerous Quest for Cooperation Between Science and Religion" by Jacob Pandian. I could not find it online. The article is also in a book Science and religion: Are they ...
1
vote
1answer
397 views

How do I use the “Barbara, Celarent, … etc.” mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure ...
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2answers
105 views

Assuming right and wrong aren't arbitrary [closed]

Suppose that there is an answer to the question "why be moral", such that "it is irrational to be immoral or at least... not irrational to be moral". ...
5
votes
3answers
174 views

What kind of philospher believes many philospical issues can be reduced to defining words?

I will take Fatalism vs Compatibilism as an example. I hold that the only difference between them is the definition of free will. Namely, I prefer the Compatibilistic definition, that free will is ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Good introductory reading to skepticism?

In various works that I've read recently, the writers referred to the skeptics several times, and I thought that maybe I should try actually learning something about them. I was hoping for some text ...
4
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2answers
130 views

About the philosophy of physicalism

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chinese Room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism, and the idea our minds are identical to our brains?
2
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1answer
134 views

Audio lectures of Hubert Dreyfus's 2008 course on Being and Time, Division Two

Apologies for the somewhat sordid nature of this question, but I have spent quite some time looking for this already, with no result. I am looking for audio lectures belonging to a course given by ...
3
votes
4answers
159 views

Dreams inside dreams

When I was a little med student we had a philosophy lecturer in to talk about ethics and she mentioned the Chinese proverb about the man who dreamt he was a butterfly and now wasn't sure he wasn't the ...
3
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2answers
70 views

What is the Parable that states “Everything (Probably) Happens for a Reason.”?

I recall a professor of mine once mentioning an economic parable that stated "Everything (Probably) exists/happens for a reason) The parable used the metaphor of a fence in an abandoned field. If a ...