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Is patriotism ethical? [duplicate]

In the 24th lecture of Steven Smiths Political Philosophy class at Yale available on ItunesU, he says that Patriotism is unethical because it implies "a blind deference to tradition" and sums it up in ...
2
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2answers
157 views

Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century?

The question's title says it all. Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century (if there are any) and why?
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2answers
50 views

Formal philosophy

I heard that there are philosophy classes that teach philosophy in a very rigorous and formal and mathematical manner. Are there books that do this? I would like some recommendations.
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1answer
34 views

What are the differences betweeen post-apocalyptic and anarchical or dystopic? [closed]

When I get into the definitions for fictions like novels and movies, I've became a bit confused. For example, there are some post-apocalyptic fictions and when there is an authority in that fiction it ...
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1answer
60 views

The many Utopias [closed]

I am looking for philosophical texts that tackle the subject of Utopia. This is what I was able to find, that wasn't a novel. The Republic (ca. 380 BC) by Plato - one of the earliest conceptions of ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Critique of Korsgaard's polis-comparison?

I am currently reading Korsgaard's Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant (which you can find here). I was wondering if the argumentative step from an injustice in the perfectly arranged ...
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2answers
59 views

Why do we formalize conceptions?

Why do we always try to formalize conceptions? Let's take the naive conception of sets, why do we try to write down a list of axioms? what do we earn in doing so? I'm looking especially for ...
3
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3answers
73 views

How to approach study of PPE for the, non-achedemic, layman?

I'm a non-academic type (I left school at 16) who is also dyslexic with attention deficit problems. I've recently become interested in the study of philosophy, politics and economics (To answer ...
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1answer
89 views

Difference between implication/conditional and logical entailment?

What is the difference between the implication/conditional truth function and the notion of logical entailment? My naive understanding as a computer programmer is that the conditional is a function ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Understanding philosophy from a mathematicians perspective

(I'm new, so please downvote, re-tag, flag, close or delete the question as appropriate. I'd appreciate a comment about why it was done.) I was reading this, and came across the paragraph Working ...
0
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1answer
32 views

A reference which justifies “The use of Philosophy” [duplicate]

Recently I've got into an argument with a friend of mine about a cliché, "What is the use of philosophy?". Well we didn't discuss it that much but I want to keep the argument based on some ...
6
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1answer
52 views

(Where) did Leibniz write “Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point…”?

Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point au fond de la philosophie. Sans la philosophie on ne pénètre point au fond des mathématiques. Sans les deux on ne pénètre au fond de rien. The above ...
3
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2answers
195 views

What exactly is metaphysical possibility?

In the literature about the epistemology of modality I stumbled upon various types of possibilities, e.g. epistemic possibility, metaphysical possibility. I have a rough unterstanding of these, but ...
3
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0answers
61 views

Literature on ascetic philosophy

wondering if anyone can point me in the right direction. I am a high school student exploring a possible topic on Ethan Frome for literature class. I am trying to understand Ethan's moral values ...
2
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1answer
146 views

Examples of philosophers that are neither analytic nor continental

Are there any examples of philosophers who did (or do) neither analytic nor continental philosophy, but rather practiced (or practice) a harmonious mix between the two?
3
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1answer
51 views

Suggestions for critical writing

I was wondering if anyone had any tips for critiquing a philosophical work. I know this is a vast topic in itself, but I really want to start analyzing philosophical writings and engaging with the ...
3
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0answers
38 views

What is the analytic-synthetic dilemma concerning existence?

Reading a paper on Descartes I found the following summary of criticism: Stuart Hampshire, on the one hand, emphasizing the indubitability required of the principle by Descartes, concludes that ...
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2answers
139 views

Can homosexuality be discussed philosophically?

My friend tells me it depends on how you view homosexuality. He says if you see it as a belief/religion, then yes. Otherwise no. What do you think?
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2answers
122 views

What do philosophers mean by 'conceivable'?

Philosophers, especially in analytic metaphysics, often talk about the conceivability of things. Here are some examples: I can conceive a perfect being, therefore, a perfect being is possible. ...
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11answers
364 views

What do we mean by the term “Number of things”?

I am reading the book "The Number-System of Algebra (2nd edition)." I have some problems with the the first article: "Number". The author has confined the concept of number of things to the groups ...
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0answers
45 views

History of determinism

Does determinism have its roots in logic? When was determinism as a discrete discipline first recorded? I am just interested in the historical aspect at the moment.
4
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1answer
55 views

Recommendations for reading in Russell's Mathematical Philosophy

I am looking for any suggestions for research-level survey articles that expose Russell's type theory (in the context of his philosophy of mathematics). Of particular interest are: Russell's reasons ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration [closed]

So I'm trying to study sociology and the science of human collaboration. Are there particularly throrogh books on this topic that anyone knows of? And indeed I am looking mainly at the philosophy ...
1
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1answer
23 views

What authors differentiate between ability and freedom?

On one view, I am free to fly, because no other person renders it physically impossible for me to do so. On another view, I am unfree to fly, because I am not able to. The act of flying is not ...
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1answer
47 views

Where can I find a compendium of syllogistic summaries?

My professors often neatly summarize important historical philosophical arguments in short syllogisms. Often the syllogisms have the same effect that the author's n*10^2 page essay about the argument. ...
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44 views

Source of “98.9 percent” employment rate figure in London Times

The Times of London reported, on 15 August 1998, that In the U.S., where the number of philosophy graduates has increased by five percent a year during the 1990s, only a very few go on to become ...
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2answers
71 views

What are some good texts to study the philosophy of self-reference?

I was curious if anyone could recommend a good text to get a foothold on some the main issues regarding self-reference. I am interested in the mathematical and philosophy of language aspects of ...
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1answer
88 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
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1answer
51 views

Basic Greek language resource for Philosophy purposes?

Sometimes when I'm reading philosophy some greek terms become a problem (I'm looking at you, Heidegger), and I have to keep checking the Internet for translations and explanations. I've already ...
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0answers
33 views

Measuring freedom in republican theories?

The liberal, or pure negative, approach to freedom, which identifies freedom with non-interference, often allows for freedom to be measured, e.g. in the works of Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer. Are ...
1
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1answer
48 views

What is the relation between modern political philosophy and politics? [closed]

I am thinking about authors like Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, as well as current debates about e.g. negative and positive freedom or liberal and republican notions of freedom. Are there political ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Determinism vs Indeterminism debate

I need to find an article/website/book which offers a brief survey of the dispute determinism vs indeterminism (with no or really few references to the free-will problem). I need them for a high ...
3
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0answers
24 views

What is Jonathan Schaffers view on modality?

Jonathan Schaffer is famous for his Priority Monism, or (metaphysical) Monism in general. He has worked on Fundamentality, Truthmaking and Causation among others. In 'Monism. The Priority of the ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Understanding Rawls' Justice as Fairness?

I take 'Justice as Fairness' to be the name of Rawls' political theory on how we should basically live together. As SEP states in an article on Rawls, his most discussed work is his theory of a ...
2
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3answers
134 views

Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
6
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1answer
52 views

What is a good read on the topics of ethics in the time of globalization?

I would like to mature my thinking regarding ethics in a pluri-cultural world. Which are interesting reads addressing questions such as: Should we do commerce exchange with cultures that do not ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Pacifism in non-western philosophers

We know that in the West pacifism has been inspired by Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre who wrote the Perpetual Peace and inspired Kant and Rousseau. But what about the eastern philosophy? Who ...
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1answer
403 views

Source for “The world is beautiful, but has a disease called man”?

It seems resonant with certain elements of his philosophy, and is generally attributed to Nietzsche, but I cannot seem to find the precise source anywhere. I was struck, in passing, by the variety ...
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3answers
88 views

Introduction to philosophy of science and metaphysics

I am interested in some texts for a beginner in the philosophy of science and in the arena of metaphysics. I am a physicist. Any suggestions? Thanks in advance.
4
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3answers
97 views

Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with the concept of classification?

Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with the concept of classification? I guess that perhaps it's metaphysics or ontology - they are the nearest things I can think of, but I'm not really sure.
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2answers
92 views

Self identity in present day society

When we left back frames of reference like being an aristocrat, or religion and nation, or what kind of consumer and of what brands we are, what is left? How do we self-identify in the XXI century? ...
3
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0answers
49 views

Where can I read about protection?

It may be in some subfield of ethics, I guess. But I'm interested in knowing about protection: I mean, if we know someone who's doing something wrong with his/her life, what should we do? Intervene ...
3
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3answers
157 views

Reading material about gender studies/feminism

I took a gender studies course in undergrad, and it left me with a bad taste in my mouth about the whole topic. Maybe it was because I was older than many of the other students, or because the ...
3
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2answers
62 views

Rigorous resources on the philosophy of language

I would like to find some introductory resources on the philosophy of language that are also rigorous, as I come from a mathematical background with my interests rooted in mathematical logic. Ideally ...
0
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0answers
32 views

The concept of career in philosophical terms: has it been reviewed?

I apologize if the question is rather broad. I am a sociologist working on a thesis about the transformation of careers in the late modernity. In social sciences, career is roughly defined as a ...
1
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1answer
85 views

How to correctly pronounce the major philosophers names?

Or a link to somewhere that does. An audio recording of the orthoepy is ideal. I came to Kierkegaard, and don't trust youtube. Videolectures.net was searched; no results. How does one say other major ...
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1answer
257 views

The elusive missing page 57 from Nozick's dissertation

I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. I don't have page 57. I ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Reference request: the Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara

The Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara is the commentary by Śaṅkara of the Brahma-Sûtra. Śaṅkara was one of the greatest Hindu philosopher. The Brahma-Sûtra is one the greatest text on ontology of the ...
6
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2answers
144 views

How to diminish the gaps in my knowledge about philosophy?

I have some formal training in philosophy, but I have lots of gaps in my knowledge. I mainly read what interests me, so the same gaps tend to remain - usually about things that doesn't draw my ...
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2answers
304 views

A Marxist Theory of Justice?

I am stuck in a vast amount of papers concerning Marx's view of justice, written in the 70s, 80s and 90s, disputing and contradicting each other. With my current knowledge of Marx, it is sometimes ...