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C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Board’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography ...
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1answer
52 views

What types of inconsistency are there that we know of?

Just trying to verify consistency of a system, I need to have a list types of inconsistency to look out for, so far I have the followings: 1.Anachronistic inconsistency (e.g. trying to read a file ...
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2answers
71 views

Where to turn to after Montaigne?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
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7answers
230 views

That which is necessary is moral?

"That which is necessary is legal" is a doctrine practiced by sane states, so I would like to believe. What has been said about "That which is necessary is moral"?
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43 views

Taking now seriously (rather than tense)

McTaggert says time includes an "irreducible" A series, of the past present and future flowing on like we're used to. I think he says that the A series cannot exist so time isn't real. McTaggart ...
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1answer
60 views

On the personal identity of a self aware artificial intelligence

Philosophers have discussed the question of personal identity of humans, including humans uploaded to hypothetical computers; but are there any notable discussions of the problems of personal identity ...
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1answer
96 views

Many-worlds interpretation of QM and modal realism

Does the difficulty of making sense of quantum mechanical phenomena, (i.e. arriving at a nice philosophical interpretation of QM) taken together with Everett's many-worlds interpretation, constitute ...
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1answer
91 views

Books to self-study Immanuel Kant

I am impressed by Kant's moral or nominative laws- hypothetical imperative and categorical imperative as well as the three versions of the categorical imperative. I want to grasp whatever Kant ...
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1answer
17 views

References on ultimate determinism

One of the main philosophical questions is: Is everything in life predestined or not? In my view, everything up the smallest detail must be predestined. Here is the explanation for it: If one looks ...
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41 views

Please recommend a good book on Physicalism

Can you recommend a good contemporary book that is considered a definitive or classical exposition of Physicalism? I have started reading Daniel Stoljar's Physicalism, but while it seems good, it is ...
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38 views

Consolation rather than justification

It seems that philosophy is usually involved in justifying claims. Does it profer any consolation? Have any philosophers written on the idea of "consolation" or indeed tried to console us?
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6answers
673 views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
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1answer
36 views

Did Kant say something like “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement”?

I need to fact-check something for a book. The author says: ... to paraphrase Kant, “no fruit of the human tree has ever lacked for improvement.” I can't find anything along these lines online in ...
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28 views

Introduction Modal Logic with emphasis on metaphysics - free will particularly - and also mathematical logic

I'm reading Timothy O'Connor's 'Persons & Causes The metaphysics of free will' and the first chapter briefly goes into (though without introduction) the application of modal logic and ...
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4answers
74 views

Books on philosophy of economics

I'm a college student of physics, and I'm looking to expand my horizon in the field of philosophy of economics, so, what books would you recomend for newbies like me?. I was thinking in history of ...
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4answers
282 views

Philosophy: how to begin? (from a context of having studied mathematics) [duplicate]

I have just finished my second year of a pure mathematics degree and am intrigued by philosophy, and would like to spend my summer learning more about philosophy to accompany my mathematical interest. ...
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1answer
48 views

Are there Decision Trees for Identifying Fallacies?

Question 1: What is the recommended methodology for identifying specific fallacies? Is there a "Decision Tree", or some other helpful approach? Question 2: Or, at the very least, are there ...
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2answers
129 views

What's a good source for refreshing my formal logic skills prior to graduate school?

I need to flex my formal logic muscles prior to graduate school--I've had a dry spell in my logic practices while finishing my mathematics degree, particularly since the logic used in analysis, ...
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6answers
152 views

Is there any philosophical school of thought arguing for the primacy of words over symbols or mathematics in explaining things?

I'm not claiming that words are superior to symbols in all respects. I'm just curious if there is a school of thought arguing that natural language has more use than mathematics or formal language in ...
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7answers
531 views

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks?

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks (exempting textbooks on logic)? There are plenty of useful and introductory textbooks to Mathematics, Economics, Physics, Psychology and ...
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85 views

Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
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1answer
80 views

Should one prioritize other's life over his own?

Let's consider the following situation: You are a teacher in a school. A serious fire breaks out in your classroom during your class. All of the students are able to get out except for your ...
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0answers
17 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
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1answer
58 views

What reasoning does Melissus or Parmenides give against the existence of “empty” or “the void”?

Melissus reaffirms Parmenides by explaining how there cannot be many without the existence of that which is empty, and since that which is empty is nothing, and nothing can't exist, thus there cannot ...
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1answer
51 views

Is there a formalized logic for prepositions?

Certain words in natural language are more amenable to logical formalization. The conjunction "and" or weak conditional "unless" are easily applied to break statements into their constituent atomic ...
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3answers
181 views

Books or articles on military thought?

I'm looking to find writings on military thought. Not in the sense of tactics or history of war, but in the sense of being in or running a military force in the abstract. Ideally, possible topics ...
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1answer
43 views

Taine reference in Heidegger's 'What is metaphysics?'

In his inaugural speech 'What is Metaphysics?', in the first section[1], Heidegger characterizes science as being about 'being itself - and nothing more' ('das Seiende selbst - und weiter nichts'). In ...
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3answers
76 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
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3answers
105 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [closed]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
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1answer
69 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
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2answers
85 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
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2answers
75 views

Did Thomas Aquinas state randomness as a prerequisite of free will?

I was told the other day that in one work on free will, Thomas Aquinas suggested that some randomness / non-determinism was a prerequisite for its existence. Does any one know where he expressed this ...
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1answer
110 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
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4answers
152 views

Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
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4answers
131 views

Understanding “Being and Time”

After reading a few books on introduction to philosophy, I was recommended to read "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger as I found temporality very interesting. Knowing that this book is one that many ...
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51 views

Infantilization as explanation for wide-spread fear in society?

I came across the following quote in a radio programme (Das Philosophische Radio, in German) that is devoted to matters philosophy. The resulting question borders on sociology but I hope it is still ...
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5answers
168 views

Does anyone argue that Karl Popper's theory of critical rationalism does not meet its own conditions?

I am a huge fan of Dr. Popper's work, and particularly his theory that the property of falsifiability separates the scientific from the non-scientific. However, it struck me that this theory does not ...
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1answer
35 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...
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1answer
56 views

Sigmund Freud related work to writer self empowerment by autobiography

I am writing my thesis on Quest of Feminine Identity, and i came across the theory of Sigmund Freud that said that Feminist Writers use Autobiographies as means of self empowerment, exploration ...
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0answers
121 views

Please recommend a good philosophical book on entropy

Can you recommend a good book on entropy? I'm interested in one which balances well philosophy and physics, since at both edges the likelihood of having to read through nonsense increases (physicists ...
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1answer
100 views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
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3answers
265 views

What are the historic stances on the epistemological status of mathematics?

I know that Plato and Kant thought it was synthetic a priori (although Plato would not have phrased it in that way). What other major thinkers have weighed in on this issue, on both sides of both the ...
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4answers
152 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
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4answers
183 views

Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
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1answer
39 views

Karl Popper critiques to historical relativism

In his book "In Search of a Better World", Popper says that he already have argued against historical and social relativism in other works. What are these others works?
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2answers
56 views

Does limited time constitute maximum effort?

Have there been any philosophers who have emphasized or spoken about/around any of the following ideas? The idea that our limited time on Earth does/doesn't constitute a responsibility to 'make best ...
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2answers
64 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
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2answers
142 views

First book to self-learn logic, mainly to improve reading comprehension?

I read Where is a good place to start reading about logic? and ask.metafilter.com, but want to focus on improving comprehension and parsing of difficult writing. I never studied logic before, and ...
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1answer
134 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...