This tag should be used when the question is asking for specific references.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

2
votes
0answers
15 views

Sigmund Freud related work to writer self empowerment by autobiography

I am writing my thesis on Quest of Feminine Identity, and i came across the theory of Sigmund Freud that said that Feminist Writers use Autobiographies as means of self empowerment, exploration ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Please recommend a good philosophical book on entropy

Can you recommend a good book on entropy? I'm interested in one which balances well philosophy and physics, since at both edges the likelihood of having to read through nonsense increases (physicists ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

On discussion of Descartes 's arguments [closed]

I am looking for Arnauld’s critique in the Fourth Set of Objections of Descartes’ argument for the mind/body distinction and Descartes’ reply.Can anyone discuss deeply on this topic. Thanking you.
8
votes
3answers
241 views

What are the historic stances on the epistemological status of mathematics?

I know that Plato and Kant thought it was synthetic a priori (although Plato would not have phrased it in that way). What other major thinkers have weighed in on this issue, on both sides of both the ...
3
votes
3answers
107 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
3
votes
4answers
119 views

Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Karl Popper critiques to historical relativism

In his book "In Search of a Better World", Popper says that he already have argued against historical and social relativism in other works. What are these others works?
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Does limited time constitute maximum effort?

Have there been any philosophers who have emphasized or spoken about/around any of the following ideas? The idea that our limited time on Earth does/doesn't constitute a responsibility to 'make best ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

First book to self-learn logic, mainly to improve reading comprehension?

I read Where is a good place to start reading about logic? and ask.metafilter.com, but want to focus on improving comprehension and parsing of difficult writing. I never studied logic before, and ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
1
vote
5answers
278 views

Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Does the internet exist? [closed]

It occurred to me after seeing this headline: the-internet-explained-by-prisoners-who-have-never-seen-it to ask if I myself have ever seen it. Given that I never smelled, touched, tasted or heard ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why not web-space at Stack Exchange for discussion of great literature, literary history, theory and criticism? [closed]

The Great Books! This is a broad enough subject area with significant specificity for discussion of philosophy, theology, politics and social history with related topics each providing a field of ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Annotations or explanations for difficult philosophy writing in English?

Are there any books, guides, or annotated editions that explain or gloss complex, worthy philosophy writing in English? I prefer works originally written in English to improve my reading comprehension ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

'Can't answer' as a philosophical response to moral questions

On the Quora forum, there is a question called "Are Some People Better Than Others?" One answer contrasts an altruistic doctor with a selfish criminal, but concludes that there is no real reason to ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

The relation between abduction and induction

This I hope is the last question I have, I am serious about researching this one! Is abduction a specie of induction? By which I mean to ask if we can adbuce what we could never know by induction. ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

Creativity in mathematics [duplicate]

Hello can anyone especially e.g. an actual mathematician, from the horses mouth, explain what role this has in mathematics, both through the whole course of learning skills and mathematics, and ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
3
votes
8answers
628 views

Can there be an argument without premises?

After a lengthy discussion with WillO here, we can't seem to find a common ground and I am interested in whether there really could be an argument without a single premise. Another question whose ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

What Philosopher Said This?

Does any one recall the philosopher who stated that in order to truly debate a subject one must first give up the idea that their opinions on the subject are valid? I don't remember who he was, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
0
votes
4answers
145 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Introduction to Nihilism

What are some good basic texts to study on Nihilism on your own. I am interested in knowing philosophy of Nihilism.
1
vote
3answers
80 views

Mildly interesting: is the number of objects in the universe at any given time finite? [closed]

My guess is yes. Here's my reasoning. There are a finite number of atoms in the universe (the current estimate is about 10^80). In other words, the set of all atoms in the (observable) universe is a ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

I have some naïve ideas about utilitarianism. What should I read that might be related?

I've only taken a few introductory philosophy classes, but I'm very interested in philosophy in general. Within ethics, (I think) I subscribe to utilitarianism in some form. I feel as though most (if ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Moral sense theory / Meaning of life

Moral sense theory is as follows in this tip top wiki article. Presumably ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_sense_theory I was just wondering if anyone says anything similar about the particular ...
6
votes
4answers
384 views

Where to begin Nietzsche?

I am a mathematics student, but always interested in philosophical arguments especially on Love and God. I am also currently studying an extra course on philosophy of rationality which discusses ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

An article by Jacob Pandian [closed]

There is an article named "The Dangerous Quest for Cooperation Between Science and Religion" by Jacob Pandian. I could not find it online. The article is also in a book Science and religion: Are they ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

How do I use the “Barbara, Celarent, … etc.” mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure ...
-5
votes
2answers
102 views

Assuming right and wrong aren't arbitrary [closed]

Suppose that there is an answer to the question "why be moral", such that "it is irrational to be immoral or at least... not irrational to be moral". ...
5
votes
3answers
174 views

What kind of philospher believes many philospical issues can be reduced to defining words?

I will take Fatalism vs Compatibilism as an example. I hold that the only difference between them is the definition of free will. Namely, I prefer the Compatibilistic definition, that free will is ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Good introductory reading to skepticism?

In various works that I've read recently, the writers referred to the skeptics several times, and I thought that maybe I should try actually learning something about them. I was hoping for some text ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

About the philosophy of physicalism

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chinese Room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism, and the idea our minds are identical to our brains?
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Audio lectures of Hubert Dreyfus's 2008 course on Being and Time, Division Two

Apologies for the somewhat sordid nature of this question, but I have spent quite some time looking for this already, with no result. I am looking for audio lectures belonging to a course given by ...
3
votes
4answers
158 views

Dreams inside dreams

When I was a little med student we had a philosophy lecturer in to talk about ethics and she mentioned the Chinese proverb about the man who dreamt he was a butterfly and now wasn't sure he wasn't the ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

What is the Parable that states “Everything (Probably) Happens for a Reason.”?

I recall a professor of mine once mentioning an economic parable that stated "Everything (Probably) exists/happens for a reason) The parable used the metaphor of a fence in an abandoned field. If a ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Exhaustive studies of states of conscious and how we know what we know?

Have been hunting for a while: Is there a sort of compendium of epistemology out there? Not a who's who in epistemology per se, rather more a what's what that spans all schools of thought, cultures, ...
5
votes
4answers
156 views

Books about mind–body philosophies

Are there any well-written books about the "mind vs. brain" problem and related questions like the hard/soft problems of consciousness that are not written by authors that already don't believe the ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

A series and B series of time

I'm still fishing for help I guess with the unreality of time. A theorists are said to think that the A series is not reducible to the B. Are there different forms this rejection of reductionism ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Sources for the aesthetics of mathematics

Many mathematicians often equate mathematics to art and find a deep beauty in its method, results, and ideas. The classic example of this romanticism is captured by G.H. Hardy's A Mathematician's ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Autobiography of Roger Scruton?

The current Wikipedia article on English philosopher Roger Scruton (who specializes in aesthetics) makes reference to an autobiography without citing further details: In May 1968, the French ...
6
votes
10answers
1k views

Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Tricks like Loaded Questions

I'm asking as a dilettante and greenhorn, so am interested in applied, informal, practical aids or resources (and not abstract, formal, esoteric papers). Is there a (catholic/general) term that ...