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1answer
39 views

Tarski's original proof of the undefinability of truth

I'm trying to understand Tarski's proof of the undefinability of truth as given in his paper The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages (English translation in Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Searching for paper: black boxes that violate bell inequalities more than quantum mechanics [on hold]

I recall reading a paper that discussed a hypothetical pair black boxes that could violate Bell inequalities better than what's achievable with quantum mechanics. For example, suppose Alice and Bob ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
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0answers
8 views

Who are the contemporary proponents of the metalinguistic view about idenity statements?

I am looking for contemporary proponents of the following thesis: Identity statements such as "a = b" are to be interpreted metalingustically, for example as "the names "a" and "b" are ...
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0answers
33 views

Is laziness and sloth a behavioural problem only?

I'd perhaps be better off asking on cogsci stackexchange. But, can laziness and sloth be a behavioural problem only? Or does it always implicate a cognitive / affective deficiency? Given that the ...
4
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1answer
116 views

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of “proof”?

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of "proof"? Not necessarily of psychoanalysis.
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1answer
198 views

Reference request + What philosophies are there as to ontology of numbers?

I have interest in ontology of numbers. I know that the two main schools of thought regarding the metaphysical status of numbers are mathematical Platonism and mathematical Nominalism. But I wonder - ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Phenomenology of abstraction

I'm looking for philosophical articles / books that try to describe the process of human abstraction, and what it actually consists of, from a first person perspective. Examples of the type of ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Are there any school of thought share the same answer with me to veil of ignorance?

I am in a law school now. The teacher taught us the thought experiment of "veil of ignorance" / "original position" in a Tort Law lecture. This was my first time hearing such idea. My answer to the ...
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3answers
64 views

Can we have knowledge if it all turns out to be untrue?

Can every apparently true belief turn out to be untrue: and what is the word for this stance? I would assume it would mean we have no knowledge: is that right? Someone on a forum I use keeps ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Does Kant anywhere introduce a collective subject?

In my limited reading of Kant I feel somewhat stumped by his apparently reductive individualism. Kant is extremely sensitive to social issues on many matters, and he was writing at a time when ...
2
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2answers
83 views

What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
3
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1answer
29 views

Is there a certain connection between Quine and Buridan in their understanding of the distinction between meaning and naming?

In "On What There Is" Quine notes that "there is a gulf between meaning and naming even in the case of a singular term which is genuinely a name of the object". This distinction can be made more clear ...
4
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1answer
60 views

A similarity of Plato with Kant

In Plato’s Republic his view on the mental faculties is summarized by the famous Analogy of the Divided Line (6.509-11). The universe is divided in two parts, a visble domain and an intelligible one. ...
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5answers
449 views

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

Physicalism is the idea that everything is matter. Idealism is the idea that everything is made up of a mental substance. Dualism claims that there are both matter and mind in the universe. It ...
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0answers
35 views

Does Heidegger treat the word “life”?

I would like to know if there are some references in which heidegger treats the word life. What does Heidegger say about life, and where?
2
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1answer
27 views

Books to begin Husserl's Phenomenology

I wanted to learn about Husserl's Phenomenology and was wondering on what a good place to start would be? I have in front of me The Essential Husserl, Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology ...
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0answers
23 views

Who are contemporary notable non materialist women in the field of philosophy of mind?

(It seems it is kind of difficult to post a question that fits nicely in its own title, but the fact of the matter is that it does fit)
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4answers
121 views

Who was the first to argue that consciousness exists?

I have seen the following argument in several places: Consciousness cannot be an illusion, and it surely exists. An illusion is perceiving something to be true when this something is not ...
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4answers
62 views

Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
3
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3answers
49 views

Short article/book about the differences in the styles of doing philosophy?

I'm reading the IEP article on analytic philosophy. The author argues that analytic philosophy originated around the turn of the twentieth century as G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell broke away from ...
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3answers
81 views

Literature on Mathematical Universe Hypothesis beyond Tegmark?

I'm looking for further reading about the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis. I'm intrigued and would like to know to which degree this has been discussed. I'm aware and have been looking at Tegmark's ...
3
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3answers
170 views

How does the concept of “the Other” relate to the problem of “other minds?”

I have not really pursued the history or literature on either one of these topics, though the two concepts are often encountered in readings. I have always vaguely taken the "Other" to emerge ...
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2answers
83 views

What are the minimal requirements of a “measurement”?

Surprisingly, I have not yet found a good philosophical work on the concept of "measuring" things. Though I assume one exists. In quantum theory, of course, we encounter measurement problems, and ...
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4answers
111 views

Does 'to believe that P' imply 'to believe that P is true'?

Williams (1973) casually asserts that to believe that P is to believe that P is true. He explains what he means by that: To believe that so and so is one and the same as to believe that ...
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1answer
62 views

Can the past have value if we can't change it?

I think fictionalism about value is the idea that no expression of value is true, but we pretend it is. Hermeneutic fictionalism about a discourse D is a thesis about the actual nature of the ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Which 20th century analytic philosopher wrote about a thought-experiment of a king and a jester?

The following thought-experiment was put forward by a 20th century analytic philosopher. Unfortunately I cannot remember the exact context in which it was proposed. Does anybody know how may have come ...
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0answers
25 views

Are there philosophers that have argued that a person can be equally happy with any life?

Are there philosophers or theologians that circumvent / solve the problem of evil in a way similar to the following? A person can ultimately be equally happy with any life, depending on how he uses ...
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1answer
56 views

What is a simple book summarizing Cartesian philosophy?

I know a bit of French, so I can read Descartes' work directly, but I would prefer to start with a simple book which summarizes descartes' philosophy.
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1answer
56 views

How to approach contemporary anarchist theories?

I have lately become very interested in anarchism. I have become especially interested in what is called Green Anarchism and Infoanarchism and I pretend to read more about them. I also agree with ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

What does Marx mean by “value form”?

I've been reading some recent books that refer to money as the "value form" in Marx. In English translation, Marx does use the term "value form" and also refers to commodities as "values," in the ...
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3answers
204 views

Is there any similarity between Kant's noumena and the empty set?

Kant's ding-an-sich or noumena were roundly criticized by Fichte, Hegel, and other near contemporaries as incomprehensible, meaningless, or at least very unsatisfactory. How can we "know" or talk ...
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1answer
32 views

What are some references on intertextuality?

Intertextuality is defined here. It is a way to enrich a text by using reference to another text. What would be a good reference on this subject?
0
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1answer
30 views

In which books does Descartes propose his ideas about mind-body dualism?

In which books does Descartes propose his ideas about mind-body dualism?
3
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4answers
352 views

What are some arguments for that humans are more important than animals?

Imagine a man has fallen into a tiger cage. The tiger specimen is in danger of extinction. You can: Kill the tiger and save the man. Do nothing and let the tiger kill the man. By killing the ...
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2answers
55 views

What philosophies cover this subject of life not being fair?

I've been thinking about the problem of poverty, and the solution to it. People complain about having to support people who freeload. People who dont get a job, and we have to pay for them to survive. ...
3
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0answers
59 views

What is a strong argument that shows social rules exist? [closed]

Aside from an appeal to common sense, what are the strongest contemporary arguments for the existence of social rules? By social rules, I mean social rules in the tradition of Durkheim, Weber, Hart, ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Who are the major thinkers of Act, Rule, and Motive Utilitarianism?

If one sought to present utilitarianism through the work of three of its prominent 20th Century theorists, which ones would make the most sense in the context of a general overview of the literature ...
2
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1answer
50 views

What are contemporary Non English language and Continental sources in philosophy of mind?

It just came to me that all of the contemporary sources on philosophy of mind that I have been reading (Dennett, Nagel, Churchland, Chalmers, Searle, Hofstadter, Jackson) are all writing in English, ...
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2answers
113 views

What is the most famous book on philosophical logic?

I'm interested in philosophical logic and finding references. I know that there are plenty of reference request of philosophical logic. But it seems to me that most of them are about symbolic logic, ...
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2answers
76 views

Has anyone suggested a modern substitute for mythology?

Several authors have mentioned that mythology play a central role in human societies, satisfying various social and psychological needs and giving meaning and a spiritual dimension to people's lives. ...
2
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2answers
50 views

How do you progress in self-learning Critical Thinking, after completing an introductory textbook?

The assertion♦ that Critical Thinking (hereafter CT) includes, but does not equal, Logic, implies the insufficiency of Logic to teach CT. I plan to read textbooks in both CT and Logic that ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Are there any good books on emptiness outside of Buddhism?

I am not a Buddhist (yet) but marinating in Buddhist philosophy and secularized Buddhist practices. I have problemes with their cosmology and some of the meatphysics. I started pracitcing after ...
3
votes
3answers
116 views

Introductory book on philosophy of logic?

I know that there are quite a few questions like this here already, but I haven't yet found an answer that would satisfy me. I'm looking for an introductory logic book. My main goal is to work ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Philosophical assumption in current political discourse [closed]

I have just finished reading a collection of essays by Isaiah Berlin and it was one the most insightful books I have read in my life. I seem to agree with him on many points and especially the ...
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6answers
426 views

What are some good books on phenomenology for a mathematician?

I have a background in Mathematics, and am starting to wander into the complex realm of Philosophy. I'm interested in trying to understand what is the meaning of the scientific investigation in ...
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votes
5answers
112 views

Analytic translations of Heidegger and Derrida?

This New York Times article on the Analytic/Continental divide states that: "Because of its commitment to clarity, analytic philosophy functions as an effective lingua franca for any ...
2
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1answer
79 views

How can a society be humane while not allowing people to freeload?

I've been thinking about government assistance, and on one hand, I dont want to let people die, but on the other hand, I dont want to let them live by taking advantage of my generosity. For example, ...
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6answers
577 views

Recommended discussions of light and “the speed of light” in modern philosophy?

The concept of "light" described by modern physics seems, to me at least, an incomprehensible bundle of properties: a "universal constant," the "maximum speed," a "wave-particle" phenomenon, the ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Is anyone considered authoritative on Kant's First Critique?

As I dive deeper into understanding epistemology more broadly and Kant's first Critique more specifically, I have taken up advice from related posts to read his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics ...