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3
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1answer
34 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Exhaustive studies of states of conscious and how we know what we know?

Have been hunting for a while: Is there a sort of compendium of epistemology out there? Not a who's who in epistemology per se, rather more a what's what that spans all schools of thought, cultures, ...
4
votes
4answers
104 views

Books about mind–body philosophies

Are there any well-written books about the "mind vs. brain" problem and related questions like the hard/soft problems of consciousness that are not written by authors that already don't believe the ...
0
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0answers
28 views

A series and B series of time

I'm still fishing for help I guess with the unreality of time. A theorists are said to think that the A series is not reducible to the B. Are there different forms this rejection of reductionism ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Sources for the aesthetics of mathematics

Many mathematicians often equate mathematics to art and find a deep beauty in its method, results, and ideas. The classic example of this romanticism is captured by G.H. Hardy's A Mathematician's ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Autobiography of Roger Scruton?

The current Wikipedia article on English philosopher Roger Scruton (who specializes in aesthetics) makes reference to an autobiography without citing further details: In May 1968, the French ...
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0answers
38 views

Newness in the arts [closed]

I hear in conversation about art only being able to put a new spin on the old, that it cannot really be new anymore. What philosophers speak on the subject of newness after modernism?
5
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10answers
666 views

Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Tricks like Loaded Questions

I'm asking as a dilettante and greenhorn, so am interested in applied, informal, practical aids or resources (and not abstract, formal, esoteric papers). Is there a (catholic/general) term that ...
2
votes
3answers
61 views

Is there a philosophy of things that could not be discovered?

Excuse me for such nonsensical question, but for some time, the idea of things that could not be discovered bothers me. I guess that this is an interesting object of investigation, and I also guess ...
1
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2answers
29 views

Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?

Research and discovery of counterarguments has quite a lot to do with philosophy as a practice, and I'm hoping to improve on my technique and see what others can do. In line with this, I have a ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Are non-human animals capable of fictional thought? [closed]

What studies have shown- if at all and to what extent- non-human animals are capable of fictional cognition (imagination, playful speculation, etc.)? I understand there’s no reason to rule out such ...
5
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0answers
68 views

The Critical Philosophy Critically Examined

I was given a reference to a book with a title as in the title of this question one time several years ago (in the early 1990s), but I forget the name of the author. The book was published in the ...
2
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3answers
52 views

Consolation for failure or fear of failure?

What philosophers have specifically explored failure and the fear of failure? What works / passages?
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2answers
2k views

Where did Machiavelli say that “the ends justify the means”?

I have read The Prince, Discourses on Livy and The Art of War. In none of these books did I find the quote oft-attributed to Machiavelli that “the ends justify the means”. Did he say it? If so, where? ...
1
vote
5answers
257 views

Since any human language describes objects, does it therefore contain some knowledge of the Nature and laws of its development? [closed]

This question complements the question: Do higher level comprehensive Laws, which govern the phenomena of Nature, exist? One philosophical debate in epistemology and ontology is whether knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Where is philosophy today [closed]

Basically I'd like to know which are the main philosophical schools today (meaning maybe the last 5-10 or even 15-20 years), where they come from and, if there is a reasonable answer, where are they ...
3
votes
5answers
218 views

How should people who don't follow the “golden rule” be treated?

I think the value and effectiveness of the golden rule as guide to ethical conduct is self-evident, so far as the individual is recieving equivalent treatment in return among peers. Yet, I have ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? [closed]

There are a lot of debates and arguments about whether a God exists or not; they are usually directed toward the God of the Old and New Testament. Wouldn't it be great if there were more recent ...
1
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2answers
123 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
1
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2answers
54 views

Are there any comprehensive undergrad level philosophy books about definitions?

Although I believe that I now have some vague idea about what the fundamental subject matter of philosophy presumably concerns, I (nevertheless) still occasionally come across philosophical writings ...
1
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2answers
73 views

Is patriotism ethical? [duplicate]

In the 24th lecture of Steven Smiths Political Philosophy class at Yale available on ItunesU, he says that Patriotism is unethical because it implies "a blind deference to tradition" and sums it up in ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century?

The question's title says it all. Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century (if there are any) and why?
1
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2answers
51 views

Formal philosophy

I heard that there are philosophy classes that teach philosophy in a very rigorous and formal and mathematical manner. Are there books that do this? I would like some recommendations.
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What are the differences betweeen post-apocalyptic and anarchical or dystopic? [closed]

When I get into the definitions for fictions like novels and movies, I've became a bit confused. For example, there are some post-apocalyptic fictions and when there is an authority in that fiction it ...
-2
votes
1answer
62 views

The many Utopias [closed]

I am looking for philosophical texts that tackle the subject of Utopia. This is what I was able to find, that wasn't a novel. The Republic (ca. 380 BC) by Plato - one of the earliest conceptions of ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Critique of Korsgaard's polis-comparison?

I am currently reading Korsgaard's Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant (which you can find here). I was wondering if the argumentative step from an injustice in the perfectly arranged ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Why do we formalize conceptions?

Why do we always try to formalize conceptions? Let's take the naive conception of sets, why do we try to write down a list of axioms? what do we earn in doing so? I'm looking especially for ...
3
votes
3answers
86 views

How to approach study of PPE for the, non-achedemic, layman?

I'm a non-academic type (I left school at 16) who is also dyslexic with attention deficit problems. I've recently become interested in the study of philosophy, politics and economics (To answer ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Difference between implication/conditional and logical entailment?

What is the difference between the implication/conditional truth function and the notion of logical entailment? My naive understanding as a computer programmer is that the conditional is a function ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Understanding philosophy from a mathematicians perspective

(I'm new, so please downvote, re-tag, flag, close or delete the question as appropriate. I'd appreciate a comment about why it was done.) I was reading this, and came across the paragraph Working ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

A reference which justifies “The use of Philosophy” [duplicate]

Recently I've got into an argument with a friend of mine about a cliché, "What is the use of philosophy?". Well we didn't discuss it that much but I want to keep the argument based on some ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

(Where) did Leibniz write “Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point…”?

Sans les mathématiques on ne pénètre point au fond de la philosophie. Sans la philosophie on ne pénètre point au fond des mathématiques. Sans les deux on ne pénètre au fond de rien. The above ...
3
votes
2answers
294 views

What exactly is metaphysical possibility?

In the literature about the epistemology of modality I stumbled upon various types of possibilities, e.g. epistemic possibility, metaphysical possibility. I have a rough unterstanding of these, but ...
3
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0answers
62 views

Literature on ascetic philosophy

wondering if anyone can point me in the right direction. I am a high school student exploring a possible topic on Ethan Frome for literature class. I am trying to understand Ethan's moral values ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Examples of philosophers that are neither analytic nor continental

Are there any examples of philosophers who did (or do) neither analytic nor continental philosophy, but rather practiced (or practice) a harmonious mix between the two?
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Suggestions for critical writing

I was wondering if anyone had any tips for critiquing a philosophical work. I know this is a vast topic in itself, but I really want to start analyzing philosophical writings and engaging with the ...
4
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0answers
50 views

What is the analytic-synthetic dilemma concerning existence?

Reading a paper on Descartes I found the following summary of criticism: Stuart Hampshire, on the one hand, emphasizing the indubitability required of the principle by Descartes, concludes that ...
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2answers
145 views

Can homosexuality be discussed philosophically?

My friend tells me it depends on how you view homosexuality. He says if you see it as a belief/religion, then yes. Otherwise no. What do you think?
4
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2answers
135 views

What do philosophers mean by 'conceivable'?

Philosophers, especially in analytic metaphysics, often talk about the conceivability of things. Here are some examples: I can conceive a perfect being, therefore, a perfect being is possible. ...
5
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11answers
424 views

What do we mean by the term “Number of things”?

I am reading the book "The Number-System of Algebra (2nd edition)." I have some problems with the the first article: "Number". The author has confined the concept of number of things to the groups ...
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0answers
49 views

History of determinism

Does determinism have its roots in logic? When was determinism as a discrete discipline first recorded? I am just interested in the historical aspect at the moment.
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Recommendations for reading in Russell's Mathematical Philosophy

I am looking for any suggestions for research-level survey articles that expose Russell's type theory (in the context of his philosophy of mathematics). Of particular interest are: Russell's reasons ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration [closed]

So I'm trying to study sociology and the science of human collaboration. Are there particularly throrogh books on this topic that anyone knows of? And indeed I am looking mainly at the philosophy ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

What authors differentiate between ability and freedom?

On one view, I am free to fly, because no other person renders it physically impossible for me to do so. On another view, I am unfree to fly, because I am not able to. The act of flying is not ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Where can I find a compendium of syllogistic summaries?

My professors often neatly summarize important historical philosophical arguments in short syllogisms. Often the syllogisms have the same effect that the author's n*10^2 page essay about the argument. ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Source of “98.9 percent” employment rate figure in London Times

The Times of London reported, on 15 August 1998, that In the U.S., where the number of philosophy graduates has increased by five percent a year during the 1990s, only a very few go on to become ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

What are some good texts to study the philosophy of self-reference?

I was curious if anyone could recommend a good text to get a foothold on some the main issues regarding self-reference. I am interested in the mathematical and philosophy of language aspects of ...