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4
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2answers
102 views

What do philosophers mean by 'conceivable'?

Philosophers, especially in analytic metaphysics, often talk about the conceivability of things. Here are some examples: I can conceive a perfect being, therefore, a perfect being is possible. ...
2
votes
4answers
179 views

What do we mean by the term “Number of things”?

I am reading the book "The Number-System of Algebra (2nd edition)." I have some problems with the the first article: "Number". The author has confined the concept of number of things to the groups ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Recommendations for reading in Russell's Mathematical Philosophy

I am looking for any suggestions for research-level survey articles that expose Russell's type theory (in the context of his philosophy of mathematics). Of particular interest are: Russell's reasons ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration [closed]

So I'm trying to study sociology and the science of human collaboration. Are there particularly throrogh books on this topic that anyone knows of? And indeed I am looking mainly at the philosophy ...
-1
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0answers
25 views

Has there been any recent investigations into the philosophical implications of rebirth

Does anyone know of any recent philosophical research or investigations into the implications of rebirth? I am not asking about research into whether rebirth exists or not, and I am not asking ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

What authors differentiate between ability and freedom?

On one view, I am free to fly, because no other person renders it physically impossible for me to do so. On another view, I am unfree to fly, because I am not able to. The act of flying is not ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Where can I find a compendium of syllogistic summaries?

My professors often neatly summarize important historical philosophical arguments in short syllogisms. Often the syllogisms have the same effect that the author's n*10^2 page essay about the argument. ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Source of “98.9 percent” employment rate figure in London Times

The Times of London reported, on 15 August 1998, that In the U.S., where the number of philosophy graduates has increased by five percent a year during the 1990s, only a very few go on to become ...
2
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2answers
70 views

What are some good texts to study the philosophy of self-reference?

I was curious if anyone could recommend a good text to get a foothold on some the main issues regarding self-reference. I am interested in the mathematical and philosophy of language aspects of ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Basic Greek language resource for Philosophy purposes?

Sometimes when I'm reading philosophy some greek terms become a problem (I'm looking at you, Heidegger), and I have to keep checking the Internet for translations and explanations. I've already ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Measuring freedom in republican theories?

The liberal, or pure negative, approach to freedom, which identifies freedom with non-interference, often allows for freedom to be measured, e.g. in the works of Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer. Are ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What is the relation between modern political philosophy and politics? [closed]

I am thinking about authors like Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, as well as current debates about e.g. negative and positive freedom or liberal and republican notions of freedom. Are there political ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Determinism vs Indeterminism debate

I need to find an article/website/book which offers a brief survey of the dispute determinism vs indeterminism (with no or really few references to the free-will problem). I need them for a high ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

What is Jonathan Schaffers view on modality?

Jonathan Schaffer is famous for his Priority Monism, or (metaphysical) Monism in general. He has worked on Fundamentality, Truthmaking and Causation among others. In 'Monism. The Priority of the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Understanding Rawls' Justice as Fairness?

I take 'Justice as Fairness' to be the name of Rawls' political theory on how we should basically live together. As SEP states in an article on Rawls, his most discussed work is his theory of a ...
2
votes
3answers
128 views

Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
6
votes
1answer
49 views

What is a good read on the topics of ethics in the time of globalization?

I would like to mature my thinking regarding ethics in a pluri-cultural world. Which are interesting reads addressing questions such as: Should we do commerce exchange with cultures that do not ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Pacifism in non-western philosophers

We know that in the West pacifism has been inspired by Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre who wrote the Perpetual Peace and inspired Kant and Rousseau. But what about the eastern philosophy? Who ...
8
votes
1answer
352 views

Source for “The world is beautiful, but has a disease called man”?

It seems resonant with certain elements of his philosophy, and is generally attributed to Nietzsche, but I cannot seem to find the precise source anywhere. I was struck, in passing, by the variety ...
0
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3answers
76 views

Introduction to philosophy of science and metaphysics

I am interested in some texts for a beginner in the philosophy of science and in the arena of metaphysics. I am a physicist. Any suggestions? Thanks in advance.
4
votes
3answers
93 views

Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with the concept of classification?

Is there a branch of philosophy that deals with the concept of classification? I guess that perhaps it's metaphysics or ontology - they are the nearest things I can think of, but I'm not really sure.
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Self identity in present day society

When we left back frames of reference like being an aristocrat, or religion and nation, or what kind of consumer and of what brands we are, what is left? How do we self-identify in the XXI century? ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Where can I read about protection?

It may be in some subfield of ethics, I guess. But I'm interested in knowing about protection: I mean, if we know someone who's doing something wrong with his/her life, what should we do? Intervene ...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

Reading material about gender studies/feminism

I took a gender studies course in undergrad, and it left me with a bad taste in my mouth about the whole topic. Maybe it was because I was older than many of the other students, or because the ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Rigorous resources on the philosophy of language

I would like to find some introductory resources on the philosophy of language that are also rigorous, as I come from a mathematical background with my interests rooted in mathematical logic. Ideally ...
0
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0answers
31 views

The concept of career in philosophical terms: has it been reviewed?

I apologize if the question is rather broad. I am a sociologist working on a thesis about the transformation of careers in the late modernity. In social sciences, career is roughly defined as a ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How to correctly pronounce the major philosophers names?

Or a link to somewhere that does. An audio recording of the orthoepy is ideal. I came to Kierkegaard, and don't trust youtube. Videolectures.net was searched; no results. How does one say other major ...
11
votes
1answer
243 views

The elusive missing page 57 from Nozick's dissertation

I have painstakingly scanned (as in: put on a scanner to make a PDF) 352 pages of a hard copy version of Nozick's 1963 dissertation The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. I don't have page 57. I ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Reference request: the Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara

The Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara is the commentary by Śaṅkara of the Brahma-Sûtra. Śaṅkara was one of the greatest Hindu philosopher. The Brahma-Sûtra is one the greatest text on ontology of the ...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

How to diminish the gaps in my knowledge about philosophy?

I have some formal training in philosophy, but I have lots of gaps in my knowledge. I mainly read what interests me, so the same gaps tend to remain - usually about things that doesn't draw my ...
4
votes
2answers
255 views

A Marxist Theory of Justice?

I am stuck in a vast amount of papers concerning Marx's view of justice, written in the 70s, 80s and 90s, disputing and contradicting each other. With my current knowledge of Marx, it is sometimes ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Books about a broad introduction of philosophy [duplicate]

I am a graduate student of Informatics. Studying mathematical logic I've just started discovering it connection to philosophy. Following this way I started reading something about old and modern ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Are there any listings of Plato's dialogues in internal chronological order?

Traditionally, the dialogues of Plato have been listed in the order in which Plato is thought to have composed them, because it's believed that Plato presented a more accurate picture of Socrates' ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Have any philosophers argued that these observations imply that the incompleteness theorems aren't so devastating?

Here's a couple of observations in rapid fire. Have any philosophers argued that these, and other, related observations mean that the Godel incompleteness theorems aren't as devastating as they're ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What are some introductions to the variety of movements that constitute “contintental” philosophy?

What are some good introductions to the variety of movements that constitute "contintental" philosophy? Which forerunners of these movements might be most helpful in terms of understanding their ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

What is the Book of Programming referring to? [closed]

I'm reading an online book on programming. About halfway down the page, there was a sample text that nonetheless was quite thought provoking as a potential philosophical treatise--though I know I ...
8
votes
4answers
172 views

Are there any good non-technical discussions of what a scientific theory is?

So, I'm teaching a course on Scientific Realism in the fall. I wanted to start off with a unit titled "What is a theory?" to make sure all of my students are on the same page and to prepare them for ...
1
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2answers
58 views

Where can I find this paper on “Aristotle, Searle, and the mind-body problem”?

I would really like to read this paper, but I can't find it on the net: Code, Alan D. (1991). Aristotle, Searle, and the mind-body problem. In Ernest Lepore & Robert Van Gulick (eds.), John ...
6
votes
3answers
245 views

Can the oldest man in the world die?

In the news, I read "Recently, the oldest man in the world died." I know the intended meaning of the above sentence, but language wise it might be kind of a stretch. Is this a sentence where the ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Searle on morality

Specifying my first question on Searle, I am looking for papers by Searle or others that deal with Searle's notion of moral responsibility or morality in general. I found a great deal about free will, ...
0
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0answers
35 views

“You cannot be biased if it not a product of institutions” — what position is this most rooted in?

I have heard effectively this line of reasoning before, from justifications for affirmative action to reasons why someone can't be racist or sexist. I know that this has its roots in Marxism, ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Is Oedipus Rex as an encounter of reason with myth?

I'm interested in alternate readings of Oedipus Rex, as opposed to the orthodox modern position embedded in Philosophy since Freud. I've noticed, that the wikipedia entry on Sophocles treatment of ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Are there any replies to Searle's philosophy of mind but Bennett's and Hacker's?

For a term paper I am looking for specific responses to Searle's philosophy of mind (though it's hard to even call it that) as presented in Minds, Brains and Science or the paper Consciousness (2000). ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Is the concept of a universe of holographical nature discussed in philosophy?

In Michael Talbot's Book 'Holographic Universe' he comes up with some very interesting concepts regarding the nature of the universe (although much of the book is half-esoteric nonsense). Especially ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Is there a respectable copy of Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā in Sanskrit online?

I've browsed the net - and couldn't find one. Can someone point me to one?
0
votes
2answers
134 views

Are there efficient summaries of philosophical essays or topics? [closed]

I've been studying philosophy as a hobby, for a few months now. I haven't found a helpful source of philosophical summaries. Some of the problems I've encountered: Endless rabbit-hole ...
1
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6answers
332 views

Philosophical fiction

Philosophy often makes for heavy reading, but sometimes fiction books can be worth something in a philosophical context. For example: Gaarder's Sophie's World gives an introduction to the history of ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Has the early part of Platos Timaeus been used as evidence for establishing the origins of philosophy?

Although admitting that there was a long-running debate on the origins of Philosophy, Diogenes Laertius asserts that Philosophy began with the Greeks. This can mean only that the debate centred around ...
-1
votes
2answers
152 views

What are the reasons for human conflict? [closed]

In his "The French Revolution, a History", 3.3.II, Thomas Carlyle writes the following: "for all battle is well said to be misunderstanding" He is speaking in reference to the terrible conflict ...