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3
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1answer
24 views

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

John Stuart Mill famously said: It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would ...
5
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3answers
78 views

What is the relationship between qualia and the fact/value dichotomy

Has anyone examined the relationship between qualia and the fact/value dichotomy? Consider a functional description of pain: Those who disagree with functionalism, typically do so because it leaves ...
1
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1answer
53 views

How does Marx show that capitalism is a kind of slavery?

indirect slavery, the slavery of proletariat Letter from Marx to Pavel Vasilyevich Annenkov, All official and liberal science defends wage-slavery, whereas Marxism has declared relentless war ...
4
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1answer
74 views

How does George Berkeley justify his disbelief in matter?

I recently read Berkeley's work entitled "Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous" in which he gives an account very similar to that of Kant. "Appearances, so far as they are thought as ...
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2answers
48 views

From a critical theory point of view, can philosophy itself be absorbed into the culture industry?

In the "Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception", Adorno and Horkheimer state that: Anyone who resists can only survive by fitting in. Once his particular brand of deviation from the ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Is happiness the coherence of belief and feeling?

I was thinking about addiction; I've enjoyed smoking for far too long. Seems to me that the "pleasure" of smoking actually has two aspects: the feeling; and the belief that you're doing the right ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Philosophy Articles

Recently, I've realized that I've grown so enamored with the typical famous thinkers (Kant, Berkeley, Quine, Mill; the usual crew) that I forgot academic philosophy still exists. Unfortunately, I ...
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1answer
138 views

Commentary on Tractatus 1.21

In Tractatus 1.21 Wittgenstein writes  Each item can be the case or not the case while everything else remains the same. [1] I'm looking for commentary on this point, since it seems out of place ...
4
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1answer
49 views

What are the origins of “The Other” and “The Gaze” in critical theory?

These two terms were for a time ubiquitous--one is tempted to say boilerplate--in critical theory. My own vague understanding is that Levinas is first to explicitly focus on "The Other" and Sartre ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How does Materialism provide response to the kantian split between noumena and phenomena?

How do current (and traditional) materialists address the problems Kant provided with the separation of noumena and phenomena? It would seem a materialist wishes the phenomena to disappear and leave ...
5
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2answers
521 views

Did Confucius say “Signs and symbols rule the world, not words nor laws”?

It is claimed here that Confucius said: Signs and symbols rule the world, not words nor laws. Is this true? If so, in what work did he say this?
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1answer
68 views

To avoid Criticism

“Criticism is something we can avoid easily by saying nothing, doing nothing, and being nothing.” – Aristotle Does anyone know where (what book) I can find this aristotle quote in? I've seen some ...
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1answer
55 views

is the eternal return of material violence etc.?

Does anyone claim that what Nietzsche's heroes (and antiheroes?) will the return of isn't every violent human (or natural?) mistake, but some particular aspect of history?
2
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1answer
50 views

What should be the role of musicians (artists) in the marketplace?

There's a bit of consternation about what is going on with musical artists and the music industry in the wake of widespread dissemination of music digitally. The ease of moving music around as bits, ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Do signifiers in a “system of signs” refer to each other, as well as the signified?

Saussure claimed that language is "a system of signs that express ideas." Handbook of Semiotics, By Winfried Nöth, p57. Do these signs, in language or any of the sign systems just mentioned, ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Like newspaper and television, how internet can become a massive tool of information manipulation and control over the people? [closed]

As per the trend we see, any type of system in this world, ultimately gets corrupted. Leading to a final particular state, where power remains on top and rest on the bottom. No matter it's religious ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Is truth telling important or just having good intentions is enough? [closed]

Are good intentions enough to warrant not telling the truth? I am especially interested in when we've already lied, and the point in question is whether we should confess. Do any philosophers write ...
4
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6answers
155 views

Are neopagan religious views taken seriously by academic philosophers?

It seems 'normal' that philosophers of religion and divinities scholars in the West would focus mostly on the Abrahamic religions. Along with that, many philosophers have engaged with Eastern ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Criticisms on Absurdism

Camus' idea to keep the absurd alive by accepting our innate desire for meaning and even pursuing and yet not giving into hope of ever reaching a meaning to life, what he calls the revolt against the ...
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2answers
97 views

Why does what I've written fail to define truth?

(Also posted in mathstackexchange prior to this). I stumbled across a set of axioms for first order logic a bit ago. Intrigued, I decided to try to write it all down and organise what I read. After I ...
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1answer
89 views

Kant's attitude to introspection

In "A History of Modern Psychology", Schultz & Schultz, 10th edition we read A century before Titchener’s work, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant had written that any attempt at ...
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0answers
31 views

Background and understanding of philosophical “traditions” (Continental/Analytic/etc.)

I've struggled for a while as to what traditionally is accepted as philosophy within a tradition. Without knowing a philosopher's background is there a way to tell if that philosopher stands with a ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Logical fallacies made by philosophers

I'm looking for historical examples of logical fallacies (may be formal or informal) made by philosophers. Preferably as uncontroversial as possible.
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2answers
32 views

Books on moral realism and moral relativism?

Does anyone know any good books on the topic of moral realism / moral relativism? The kind of book I would most prefer would be one that would address both (realism and relativism) from a completely ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Does having free will presuppose consciousness?

Philosophical zombies may lack a consciousness, but does this preclude the ability to have a free will? Why does consciousness matter, for agency, if at all, if determinism is real? (I've framed the ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Tarski's original proof of the undefinability of truth

I'm trying to understand Tarski's proof of the undefinability of truth as given in his paper The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages (English translation in Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Searching for paper: black boxes that violate bell inequalities more than quantum mechanics [closed]

I recall reading a paper that discussed a hypothetical pair black boxes that could violate Bell inequalities better than what's achievable with quantum mechanics. For example, suppose Alice and Bob ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
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0answers
8 views

Who are the contemporary proponents of the metalinguistic view about idenity statements?

I am looking for contemporary proponents of the following thesis: Identity statements such as "a = b" are to be interpreted metalingustically, for example as "the names "a" and "b" are coreferential"....
0
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0answers
41 views

Is laziness and sloth a behavioural problem only?

I'd perhaps be better off asking on cogsci stackexchange. But, can laziness and sloth be a behavioural problem only? Or does it always implicate a cognitive / affective deficiency? Given that the ...
6
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1answer
143 views

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of “proof”?

How do psychoanalysts interpret the epistemological concept of "proof"? Not necessarily of psychoanalysis.
6
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1answer
209 views

Reference request + What philosophies are there as to ontology of numbers?

I have interest in ontology of numbers. I know that the two main schools of thought regarding the metaphysical status of numbers are mathematical Platonism and mathematical Nominalism. But I wonder - ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Phenomenology of abstraction

I'm looking for philosophical articles / books that try to describe the process of human abstraction, and what it actually consists of, from a first person perspective. Examples of the type of ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Are there any school of thought share the same answer with me to veil of ignorance?

I am in a law school now. The teacher taught us the thought experiment of "veil of ignorance" / "original position" in a Tort Law lecture. This was my first time hearing such idea. My answer to the ...
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4answers
141 views

Can we have knowledge if it all turns out to be untrue?

Can every apparently true belief turn out to be untrue: and what is the word for this stance? I would assume it would mean we have no knowledge: is that right? Someone on a forum I use keeps ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Does Kant anywhere introduce a collective subject?

In my limited reading of Kant I feel somewhat stumped by his apparently reductive individualism. Kant is extremely sensitive to social issues on many matters, and he was writing at a time when Smith,...
2
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2answers
93 views

What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
4
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7answers
110 views

What books offer a philosophical interpretation of contemporary physics?

What books which offer a philosophical interpretation of contemporary physics? Something just like Russell's Analysis of Matter but not horrid out of date.
3
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1answer
29 views

Is there a certain connection between Quine and Buridan in their understanding of the distinction between meaning and naming?

In "On What There Is" Quine notes that "there is a gulf between meaning and naming even in the case of a singular term which is genuinely a name of the object". This distinction can be made more clear ...
4
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1answer
64 views

A similarity of Plato with Kant

In Plato’s Republic his view on the mental faculties is summarized by the famous Analogy of the Divided Line (6.509-11). The universe is divided in two parts, a visble domain and an intelligible one. ...
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5answers
474 views

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

Physicalism is the idea that everything is matter. Idealism is the idea that everything is made up of a mental substance. Dualism claims that there are both matter and mind in the universe. It ...
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0answers
37 views

Does Heidegger treat the word “life”?

I would like to know if there are some references in which heidegger treats the word life. What does Heidegger say about life, and where?
2
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1answer
29 views

Books to begin Husserl's Phenomenology

I wanted to learn about Husserl's Phenomenology and was wondering on what a good place to start would be? I have in front of me The Essential Husserl, Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Who are contemporary notable non materialist women in the field of philosophy of mind?

(It seems it is kind of difficult to post a question that fits nicely in its own title, but the fact of the matter is that it does fit)
4
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4answers
136 views

Who was the first to argue that consciousness exists?

I have seen the following argument in several places: Consciousness cannot be an illusion, and it surely exists. An illusion is perceiving something to be true when this something is not ...
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4answers
65 views

Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
3
votes
3answers
49 views

Short article/book about the differences in the styles of doing philosophy?

I'm reading the IEP article on analytic philosophy. The author argues that analytic philosophy originated around the turn of the twentieth century as G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell broke away from ...
0
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4answers
110 views

Literature on Mathematical Universe Hypothesis beyond Tegmark?

I'm looking for further reading about the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis. I'm intrigued and would like to know to which degree this has been discussed. I'm aware and have been looking at Tegmark's ...
3
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3answers
183 views

How does the concept of “the Other” relate to the problem of “other minds?”

I have not really pursued the history or literature on either one of these topics, though the two concepts are often encountered in readings. I have always vaguely taken the "Other" to emerge post-...
2
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2answers
84 views

What are the minimal requirements of a “measurement”?

Surprisingly, I have not yet found a good philosophical work on the concept of "measuring" things. Though I assume one exists. In quantum theory, of course, we encounter measurement problems, and ...