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0answers
21 views

What is a good philosophy curriculum? [on hold]

From undergrad to postgrad, what are the topics should one expect to cover?
0
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1answer
49 views

'Can't answer' as a philosophical response to moral questions

On the Quora forum, there is a question called "Are Some People Better Than Others?" One answer contrasts an altruistic doctor with a selfish criminal, but concludes that there is no real reason to ...
1
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1answer
55 views

The relation between abduction and induction

This I hope is the last question I have, I am serious about researching this one! Is abduction a specie of induction? By which I mean to ask if we can adbuce what we could never know by induction. ...
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2answers
37 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery?

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
-3
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1answer
68 views

Creativity in mathematics [duplicate]

Hello can anyone especially e.g. an actual mathematician, from the horses mouth, explain what role this has in mathematics, both through the whole course of learning skills and mathematics, and ...
0
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1answer
56 views

The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
3
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7answers
538 views

Can there be an argument without premises?

After a lengthy discussion with WillO here, we can't seem to find a common ground and I am interested in whether there really could be an argument without a single premise. Another question whose ...
0
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2answers
59 views

What Philosopher Said This?

Does any one recall the philosopher who stated that in order to truly debate a subject one must first give up the idea that their opinions on the subject are valid? I don't remember who he was, but I ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
0
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1answer
37 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
0
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4answers
142 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Introduction to Nihilism

What are some good basic texts to study on Nihilism on your own. I am interested in knowing philosophy of Nihilism.
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3answers
73 views

Mildly interesting: is the number of objects in the universe at any given time finite? [closed]

My guess is yes. Here's my reasoning. There are a finite number of atoms in the universe (the current estimate is about 10^80). In other words, the set of all atoms in the (observable) universe is a ...
2
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3answers
56 views

I have some naïve ideas about utilitarianism. What should I read that might be related?

I've only taken a few introductory philosophy classes, but I'm very interested in philosophy in general. Within ethics, (I think) I subscribe to utilitarianism in some form. I feel as though most (if ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Moral sense theory / Meaning of life

Moral sense theory is as follows in this tip top wiki article. Presumably ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_sense_theory I was just wondering if anyone says anything similar about the particular ...
6
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3answers
340 views

Where to begin Nietzsche?

I am a mathematics student, but always interested in philosophical arguments especially on Love and God. I am also currently studying an extra course on philosophy of rationality which discusses ...
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votes
1answer
36 views

An article by Jacob Pandian [closed]

There is an article named "The Dangerous Quest for Cooperation Between Science and Religion" by Jacob Pandian. I could not find it online. The article is also in a book Science and religion: Are they ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

How do I use the “Barbara, Celarent, … etc.” mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure ...
-5
votes
2answers
93 views

Assuming right and wrong aren't arbitrary [closed]

Suppose that there is an answer to the question "why be moral", such that "it is irrational to be immoral or at least... not irrational to be moral". ...
5
votes
3answers
171 views

What kind of philospher believes many philospical issues can be reduced to defining words?

I will take Fatalism vs Compatibilism as an example. I hold that the only difference between them is the definition of free will. Namely, I prefer the Compatibilistic definition, that free will is ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Good introductory reading to skepticism?

In various works that I've read recently, the writers referred to the skeptics several times, and I thought that maybe I should try actually learning something about them. I was hoping for some text ...
3
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2answers
119 views

About the philosophy of physicalism

Other than Mary's Room and maybe Searle's Chinese Room are there any other interesting thought experiments against the ideas of physicalism, and the idea our minds are identical to our brains?
2
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1answer
98 views

Audio lectures of Hubert Dreyfus's 2008 course on Being and Time, Division Two

Apologies for the somewhat sordid nature of this question, but I have spent quite some time looking for this already, with no result. I am looking for audio lectures belonging to a course given by ...
3
votes
4answers
152 views

Dreams inside dreams

When I was a little med student we had a philosophy lecturer in to talk about ethics and she mentioned the Chinese proverb about the man who dreamt he was a butterfly and now wasn't sure he wasn't the ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

What is the Parable that states “Everything (Probably) Happens for a Reason.”?

I recall a professor of mine once mentioning an economic parable that stated "Everything (Probably) exists/happens for a reason) The parable used the metaphor of a fence in an abandoned field. If a ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Is it impossible to completely understand the human brain using a human brain?

Are (or were) there any philosophers that argue (or argued) that the human brain cannot be understood using a human brain, i.e. that it's impossible for a human to understand the human brain ...
3
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2answers
84 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To ...
4
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1answer
92 views

Books on logical fallacies

I'm interested in learning and understanding logical fallacies for better skills in debate and discussions and in hopes to improve critical thinking as well. Can you guys please recommend me some ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Exhaustive studies of states of conscious and how we know what we know?

Have been hunting for a while: Is there a sort of compendium of epistemology out there? Not a who's who in epistemology per se, rather more a what's what that spans all schools of thought, cultures, ...
5
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4answers
150 views

Books about mind–body philosophies

Are there any well-written books about the "mind vs. brain" problem and related questions like the hard/soft problems of consciousness that are not written by authors that already don't believe the ...
0
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0answers
38 views

A series and B series of time

I'm still fishing for help I guess with the unreality of time. A theorists are said to think that the A series is not reducible to the B. Are there different forms this rejection of reductionism ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Sources for the aesthetics of mathematics

Many mathematicians often equate mathematics to art and find a deep beauty in its method, results, and ideas. The classic example of this romanticism is captured by G.H. Hardy's A Mathematician's ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Autobiography of Roger Scruton?

The current Wikipedia article on English philosopher Roger Scruton (who specializes in aesthetics) makes reference to an autobiography without citing further details: In May 1968, the French ...
5
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10answers
1k views

Why distrust our senses?

It seems self-evident that the phenomena we sense are accurate and correlate to the real world. What sorts of philosophical arguments might cast doubt on this conviction in the veridicality of ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Tricks like Loaded Questions

I'm asking as a dilettante and greenhorn, so am interested in applied, informal, practical aids or resources (and not abstract, formal, esoteric papers). Is there a (catholic/general) term that ...
2
votes
3answers
67 views

Is there a philosophy of things that could not be discovered?

Excuse me for such nonsensical question, but for some time, the idea of things that could not be discovered bothers me. I guess that this is an interesting object of investigation, and I also guess ...
1
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2answers
29 views

Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?

Research and discovery of counterarguments has quite a lot to do with philosophy as a practice, and I'm hoping to improve on my technique and see what others can do. In line with this, I have a ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Are non-human animals capable of fictional thought? [closed]

What studies have shown- if at all and to what extent- non-human animals are capable of fictional cognition (imagination, playful speculation, etc.)? I understand there’s no reason to rule out such ...
6
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0answers
87 views

The Critical Philosophy Critically Examined

I was given a reference to a book with a title as in the title of this question one time several years ago (in the early 1990s), but I forget the name of the author. The book was published in the ...
2
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3answers
67 views

Consolation for failure or fear of failure?

What philosophers have specifically explored failure and the fear of failure? What works / passages?
12
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2answers
2k views

Where did Machiavelli say that “the ends justify the means”?

I have read The Prince, Discourses on Livy and The Art of War. In none of these books did I find the quote oft-attributed to Machiavelli that “the ends justify the means”. Did he say it? If so, where? ...
1
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5answers
263 views

Since any human language describes objects, does it therefore contain some knowledge of the Nature and laws of its development? [closed]

This question complements the question: Do higher level comprehensive Laws, which govern the phenomena of Nature, exist? One philosophical debate in epistemology and ontology is whether knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

How to self-learn legal arguments, logic, and reasoning?

What are some readable, eloquent (without legalese) books on arguments, fallacies, logic, and reasoning, as applied and used in law? This question is aimed towards a greenhorn/tenderfoot with ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Where is philosophy today [closed]

Basically I'd like to know which are the main philosophical schools today (meaning maybe the last 5-10 or even 15-20 years), where they come from and, if there is a reasonable answer, where are they ...
3
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6answers
398 views

How should people who don't follow the “golden rule” be treated?

I think the value and effectiveness of the golden rule as guide to ethical conduct is self-evident, so far as the individual is recieving equivalent treatment in return among peers. Yet, I have ...
5
votes
2answers
177 views

Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? [closed]

There are a lot of debates and arguments about whether a Deity exists or not. Wouldn't it be great if there were more debates about whether an after-life is 'real' or not? As Shakespeare said through ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

This is a question about source materials: I'm hoping someone can point me to a modern treatment of obligations to the state incurred by the act of philosophizing, or even an argument against the ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Are there any comprehensive undergrad level philosophy books about definitions?

Although I believe that I now have some vague idea about what the fundamental subject matter of philosophy presumably concerns, I (nevertheless) still occasionally come across philosophical writings ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Is patriotism ethical? [duplicate]

In the 24th lecture of Steven Smiths Political Philosophy class at Yale available on ItunesU, he says that Patriotism is unethical because it implies "a blind deference to tradition" and sums it up in ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century?

The question's title says it all. Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century (if there are any) and why?