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What's a good source for refreshing my formal logic skills prior to graduate school?

I need to flex my formal logic muscles prior to graduate school--I've had a dry spell in my logic practices while finishing my mathematics degree, particularly since the logic used in analysis, ...
0
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3answers
99 views

Are there non-disproved proofs of God's existence? [on hold]

I encountered lots of "proofs" for the existence of God made by Leibniz, Gödel and others, but I was wondering if there are any that have not been disproved. Could you suggest any?
2
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2answers
42 views

Is there any philosophical school of thought arguing for the primacy of words over symbols or mathematics in explaining things?

I'm not claiming that words are superior to symbols in all respects. I'm just curious if there is a school of thought arguing that natural language has more use than mathematics or formal language in ...
9
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7answers
459 views

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks?

Why is it so difficult to write good Philosophy textbooks (exempting textbooks on logic)? There are plenty of useful and introductory textbooks to Mathematics, Economics, Physics, Psychology and ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Should one prioritize other's life over his own?

Let's consider the following situation: You are a teacher in a school. A serious fire breaks out in your classroom during your class. All of the students are able to get out except for your ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Georg Simmel and triadic closure [closed]

The en.Wikipedia entry on Triadic closure - the fact that people become friends when they have common friends - claims that the concept originates from the German sociologist Georg Simmel. The entry ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
1
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1answer
53 views

What reasoning does Melissus or Parmenides give against the existence of “empty” or “the void”?

Melissus reaffirms Parmenides by explaining how there cannot be many without the existence of that which is empty, and since that which is empty is nothing, and nothing can't exist, thus there cannot ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Is there a formalized logic for prepositions?

Certain words in natural language are more amenable to logical formalization. The conjunction "and" or weak conditional "unless" are easily applied to break statements into their constituent atomic ...
2
votes
3answers
170 views

Books or articles on military thought?

I'm looking to find writings on military thought. Not in the sense of tactics or history of war, but in the sense of being in or running a military force in the abstract. Ideally, possible topics ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Taine reference in Heidegger's 'What is metaphysics?'

In his inaugural speech 'What is Metaphysics?', in the first section[1], Heidegger characterizes science as being about 'being itself - and nothing more' ('das Seiende selbst - und weiter nichts'). In ...
2
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3answers
69 views

Joy accompanies, joy does not move

In Will to Power, Nietzsche wrote that joy accompanies, joy does not move This claim strikes me as false. Behind this seems to be the idea that power rather happiness motivates us. But I think ...
1
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3answers
86 views

I need help with essay question: “'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss” [closed]

I've been given the writing prompt "'No act is intrinsically criminal'. Discuss" How should I go about thinking about the writing prompt? What are some philosophical issues I should think about in ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry.” imply that we do not have a negative and positive duty?

In Jan Narveson, “Feeding the Hungry,” he states that we do not have a moral obligation to help the needy. Does this imply he does not believe we have a positive duty? He also states: "If the fact ...
6
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2answers
81 views

Where can I follow the latest intellectual and academic developments in Kant research?

By this, I mean specifically the academic research, and since I am primarily interested in Kant, so on Kant too.
6
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2answers
69 views

Did Thomas Aquinas state randomness as a prerequisite of free will?

I was told the other day that in one work on free will, Thomas Aquinas suggested that some randomness / non-determinism was a prerequisite for its existence. Does any one know where he expressed this ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for reading philosophers of the Enlightenment?

I want to read philosophical texts, however I have not done so because I am daunted by the prospect of it. I guess this stems from the nature of ideas, that is they are usually in dialogue with other ...
7
votes
2answers
96 views

Where can I find a rigorous and complete exposition of Plato's theory of Forms?

I've already consulted four different textbooks on the history of (ancient) philisophy (the ones by Russell, Giovanni Reale/Dario Antiseri, Sir Anthony Kenny and the one I use in high school), as well ...
4
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4answers
119 views

Understanding “Being and Time”

After reading a few books on introduction to philosophy, I was recommended to read "Being and Time" by Martin Heidegger as I found temporality very interesting. Knowing that this book is one that many ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Infantilization as explanation for wide-spread fear in society?

I came across the following quote in a radio programme (Das Philosophische Radio, in German) that is devoted to matters philosophy. The resulting question borders on sociology but I hope it is still ...
3
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5answers
132 views

Does anyone argue that Karl Popper's theory of critical rationalism does not meet its own conditions?

I am a huge fan of Dr. Popper's work, and particularly his theory that the property of falsifiability separates the scientific from the non-scientific. However, it struck me that this theory does not ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

How do modern moralities obscure connections between identity and the good?

Charles Taylor writes in the preface of Sources of the Self (p. x, Harvard University Press 1989), emphasis mine: But because my entire way of proceeding involves mapping connections between ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Sigmund Freud related work to writer self empowerment by autobiography

I am writing my thesis on Quest of Feminine Identity, and i came across the theory of Sigmund Freud that said that Feminist Writers use Autobiographies as means of self empowerment, exploration ...
2
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0answers
86 views

Please recommend a good philosophical book on entropy

Can you recommend a good book on entropy? I'm interested in one which balances well philosophy and physics, since at both edges the likelihood of having to read through nonsense increases (physicists ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

I am currently writing an essay on artificial moral agents, and I need to explain the difference between ethics and morals. However, I am finding it really hard to find a good book or research paper ...
8
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3answers
253 views

What are the historic stances on the epistemological status of mathematics?

I know that Plato and Kant thought it was synthetic a priori (although Plato would not have phrased it in that way). What other major thinkers have weighed in on this issue, on both sides of both the ...
3
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3answers
120 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
4
votes
5answers
171 views

Ought we respect the privacy of the deceased?

Let's say I've just watched my morbidly obese family member or friend die slowly and painfully in a hospital. After this experience, let's say I want to write and publish in a circulating literary ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Karl Popper critiques to historical relativism

In his book "In Search of a Better World", Popper says that he already have argued against historical and social relativism in other works. What are these others works?
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2answers
54 views

Does limited time constitute maximum effort?

Have there been any philosophers who have emphasized or spoken about/around any of the following ideas? The idea that our limited time on Earth does/doesn't constitute a responsibility to 'make best ...
2
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2answers
56 views

Is there another name for a philosophical analog to gestalt psychology?

I have been working on a philosophical approach modeling the mind (in dualist terms, the non-physical portion of the Self) as a network of smaller minds structured to operate together. This seems to ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

First book to self-learn logic, mainly to improve reading comprehension?

I read Where is a good place to start reading about logic? and ask.metafilter.com, but want to focus on improving comprehension and parsing of difficult writing. I never studied logic before, and ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Libertarian “thought experiment” about planned economy

I once stumbled upon a text from a libertarian (I believe it was a philosopher) setting out a thought experiment to show that even a planned economy run by "omniscient bureaucrats" would produce ...
2
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5answers
286 views

Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
0
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2answers
105 views

Does the internet exist? [closed]

It occurred to me after seeing this headline: the-internet-explained-by-prisoners-who-have-never-seen-it to ask if I myself have ever seen it. Given that I never smelled, touched, tasted or heard ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Why not web-space at Stack Exchange for discussion of great literature, literary history, theory and criticism? [closed]

The Great Books! This is a broad enough subject area with significant specificity for discussion of philosophy, theology, politics and social history with related topics each providing a field of ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Annotations or explanations for difficult philosophy writing in English?

Are there any books, guides, or annotated editions that explain or gloss complex, worthy philosophy writing in English? I prefer works originally written in English to improve my reading comprehension ...
0
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3answers
115 views

'Can't answer' as a philosophical response to moral questions

On the Quora forum, there is a question called "Are Some People Better Than Others?" One answer contrasts an altruistic doctor with a selfish criminal, but concludes that there is no real reason to ...
1
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1answer
60 views

The relation between abduction and induction

This I hope is the last question I have, I am serious about researching this one! Is abduction a specie of induction? By which I mean to ask if we can adbuce what we could never know by induction. ...
0
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2answers
57 views

How can I learn about the philosophy of discovery? [closed]

Are there philosophical essays dedicated towards discovery in humanity?
-2
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1answer
81 views

Creativity in mathematics [duplicate]

Hello can anyone especially e.g. an actual mathematician, from the horses mouth, explain what role this has in mathematics, both through the whole course of learning skills and mathematics, and ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

The philosophy of the snob [closed]

Does any philosopher write about snobbery, both in and out of the subject matter itself? I know people books write about e.g. "stupidity", "bullshit", as it exists both in and out of the subject ...
3
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8answers
698 views

Can there be an argument without premises?

After a lengthy discussion with WillO here, we can't seem to find a common ground and I am interested in whether there really could be an argument without a single premise. Another question whose ...
0
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2answers
65 views

What Philosopher Said This?

Does any one recall the philosopher who stated that in order to truly debate a subject one must first give up the idea that their opinions on the subject are valid? I don't remember who he was, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Discredited readings of Nietzsche

“skeptical” view need not read Nietzsche as a global anti-realist — i.e., as claiming that there are no truths or facts about anything, let alone truths about value — a reading which has now ...
0
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1answer
47 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
0
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4answers
151 views

Metathinking impossible without ordinary language?

Many years ago I read somewhere that metathinking is absolutely impossible without ordinary language (be it a natural language like English, or a constructed one like Esperanto). After this statement ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Introduction to Nihilism

What are some good basic texts to study on Nihilism on your own. I am interested in knowing philosophy of Nihilism.
1
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3answers
83 views

Mildly interesting: is the number of objects in the universe at any given time finite? [closed]

My guess is yes. Here's my reasoning. There are a finite number of atoms in the universe (the current estimate is about 10^80). In other words, the set of all atoms in the (observable) universe is a ...