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What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts?

What does Sartre mean with that existence precedes essence and how is it related to the earlier existential philosophers' thoughts? Existential philosophers like Kirkegaard, Heideggers and Friedrich ...
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1answer
33 views

What is the quote on how we cannot not choose (existentialism)?

Okay, so some existentialist philosopher has said that we always choose. Even refraining from choosing is a choice. I think it was Sartre, but I am unable to find the exact quote (if there is one?). ...
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1answer
93 views

What is the title of Sarte's essay on eye/sight/vision?

I read an essay by Sartre many years ago. It was an interesting discussion about eye, eyesight and vision. I cannot remember the details, and that's why I want to read it again. Do you know the title ...
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1answer
86 views

Sartre and Existentialism

Can we cultivate ethics or morals from Sartre's existentialist perspective? What does he mean by a world where not only God does not exist but “Man” too? Is it a different world than Nietzsche's ...
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2answers
567 views

Does Sartre imitate Kant in moral philosophy?

This is not originally my question but someone deleted their question while I was typing an answer to it. Consequently, I'm reposting the question and then my answer -- n.b., I've changed the title ...
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2answers
97 views

Does Sartre deny the existence of an excuse?

In L'Existentialisme he writes extensively how since we are born free, condemned to be so in fact, we are only shaped by the actions and choices that we make. With this isolation, does he destroy the ...
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1answer
1k views

Existentialism and the absensce of free will

One of the most famous doctrines of existentialism formulated by Jean Paul Sartre is that we are absolutely free. Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible ...
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0answers
68 views

Is this assertion by Sartre an existentialist reading Pascal's Pensées?

In his book What Is Literature?, Sartre says: Here, I am thinking of Pascal, who relentlessly repeated that man was an irrational composite of metaphysics and history, his greatness unexplainable ...
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1answer
259 views

Does Sartre's conception of consciousness imply the impossibility of a conscious computer?

Hubert Dreyfus among others have risen to prominence in philosophy of AI by emphasising (among other things) the directive primacy of unconscious or automatic, habit-driven processes. Dreyfus came to ...
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3answers
7k views

What does Sartre mean when he says people are “condemned to be free”?

What did Jean-Paul Sartre mean when he said that because there is no creator, humans are "Condemned to be Free"?
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0answers
161 views

Is Deleuze's characterization of Sartre (that his central obsession was “lakes of non-being and the viscosity of matter”) fair?

In his essay entitled My teacher Gilles Deleuze characterises the "central obsession" of Sartre as being "lakes of non-being and the viscosity of matter". Is this a fair characterisation of Sartre's ...
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2answers
196 views

Philosophic Puzzle: How to be Non-Hypocratic AND Non-Anarchistic?

Is it possible to always act according to ones moral standards while tolerating hierarchy in society? In other words: If you leave to somebody else the act of making the rules, including immoral ...
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1answer
175 views

Was the European Left confined in a false dichotomy between capitalism and communism?

In the 2004 book "Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel That Ended It" (link to a brief review/synopsis), the author portrays two of the leading members of the literary class' ...
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6answers
680 views

Is atheism a requirement for a consistent existentialist philosophy?

Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to be the "father of existentialism". This always bothered me, since to me Sartre and Camus are the defining figures of the movement, and it seems that there ...