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8
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1answer
79 views

What is Feyerabend advocating when he says that science should be separate from the state just as the church is?

In the closing chapter of "Against Method", Feyerabend states that: "Science is neither a single tradition, nor the best tradition there is, except for people who have become accustomed to its ...
9
votes
3answers
130 views

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I am reading Feyerabend's "Against Method", where he uses Copernicus's (and Galileo's confirmation) discovery of the fact that the Earth orbits around the Sun and other examples to show that ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How should science approach non-empirical phenomena?

I am not talking about miracles, religious revelation, or artistic expression, but something more mundane. There is a lot of "empirical" evidence that the Riemann hypothesis is true, the scare quotes ...
6
votes
3answers
282 views

How can probability statements be falsified?

Have studied recently some about philosophical views of probability and ran into an interesting problem put forward by Popper: According to Popper, probability statements are not strictly ...
0
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2answers
45 views

Is it correct to define a lack of understanding of the scientific method, as a “lack of epistemological education”? [closed]

I would like to learn about the scientific method, and philosophy of knowledge, so I'm trying to identify the concepts which I would study. If somebody makes a radically wrong (to be more precise, ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Is this type of induction a problem?

I can understand how the verification of hypotheseses based on inductive reasoning can be problematic, and I understand that a lot of prominent figures in philosophy are in opposition to this (Popper, ...
0
votes
5answers
92 views

What kind of knowledge can be gathered without testing hypotheses?

Question What is the set of conditions under which a given knowledge can or cannot be acquired without testing (statistics) hypotheses? Thoughts on different fields Below is a list and definitions ...
6
votes
5answers
185 views

Can one speak unambiguously of “The” Scientific Method?

When people in general discuss science, they talk about the scientific method as if it was a fixed and universally agreed upon principle. In a show I saw recently by Neil DeGrasse Tyson, he explicitly ...
5
votes
3answers
116 views

How did quantum mechanics shape the scientific method?

Quantum mechanics has certainly changed scientific concepts (deterministic <-> probabilistic). But to which extent did it change the scientific method? Since I perceive the scientific method more ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Why do old theories take priority over new ones?

Given two scientific theories that both agree with experiment, it seems that unless the new one is much simpler, the older one is accepted. Why is this so? Examples: Special Relativity wasn't ...
11
votes
3answers
191 views

What is the relation between proof in mathematics and observation in physics?

Recently in his 2015 Hirzebruch Lecture in Bonn, Arthur Jaffe re-amplified his famous perspective that finding proof in mathematics is analogous to making experimental observation in physics. In ...
2
votes
6answers
951 views

Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?

Assume the supernatural does exist, and consists of beings/forces that can interact with our natural universe in ways that are contrary to the natural laws of this universe (at least as we know them). ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Methodology in social sciences: interpretation and explanation [closed]

I am interested in understanding the interaction between interpretation and explanation in social sciences in general and in economics particularly. It is argued that interpretation is pervasive in ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

What is the underdetermination of theories in philosophy of science?

What is the underdetermination of theories in philosophy of science? Is it the lack of ability to choose between alternative scientific theories? If so how can it be that more than one theory ...
3
votes
3answers
70 views

Does criminal law have different rules for “evidence” than general science?

It looks to me like (at least here in USA) the court of law does not always require empirical evidence to sentence someone to death. Rather it seems that the person can be sentenced as long as there ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Do postmodernists believe in such a thing as fundamental truth?

It's my understanding that postmodern philosophy examines the way in which power and language are used to create discourses around the "truth". What's less clear to me is whether postmodernists ...
1
vote
4answers
704 views

What differentiates the scientific method from other methods

From the controversy in this question, I would like to know what differentiates "the scientific method" from other method. I'm asking for differentiation, rather than a definition, because ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Control in scientific experiment

Very vaguely, I remember contemporary science experiments being described as a struggle to create some process or entity - and measure it. An obvious example would be the Higgs Boson. My question is ...
33
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14answers
8k views

Is there an alternative to the scientific method?

Intro The scientific method is a key process of how we acquire knowledge and may shape our understanding of the world. If I am not mistaken, this method has been defined several times during our ...
9
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6answers
386 views

How to demonstrate causation if correlation isn't sufficient?

It is widely known that correlation does not necessarily imply causation. However, after recognizing that the correlation alone doesn't prove causation, what needs to happen in order to evaluate ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Should the successful philosopher (one who 'does' philosophy) be concerned with having a good reputation, not with being virtuous (correct)? [closed]

Too often people are concerned with their reputation at the expense of intrinsic good--virtue. Virtue and its relation to happiness should be recognized first, even if it means damage to one's ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the opposite of the reductionist approach?

I am searching for two opposite words in philosophy of science to describe two opposite approaches in physics. To illustrate what I am searching for I will use statistical physics and particle physics ...
-2
votes
3answers
204 views

Is the science Physics allowed to ignore the rules of Philosophy of Science resp. the Scientific Method [closed]

The Scientific Method in Science determines that premises, on which a theory is based, must be experimental verified, when possible. It is however possible that theories of the past are based on ...
1
vote
3answers
163 views

Can definitions be experimentally tested?

The present Wikipedia article on the Scientific method, section "Elements of the scientific method" states: Four essential elements of the scientific method are iterations, recursions, ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What if any inherent obstructions are there to scientific understanding? [closed]

A friend described the methodology of science as follows: Observe some aspect of the universe. Invent a tentative description, called a hypothesis, that is consistent with what you have ...
2
votes
3answers
293 views

Can a dogmatic person engage in intellectually honest inquiry?

Can someone fooling themselves still be intellectually dishonest? Certain people may be dogmatic theists and believe that 'D' (for dogma) is true, and would really believe that D is true no matter ...
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Discovering inter-atomic forces or taking Newtons law seriously

I've already asked this question on Physics.SE, but it got no response; its not a conventional physics question, but really on how to interpret physical equations and physics. Newtons law of gravity ...
4
votes
3answers
160 views

Could a scientific unification theory and scientific method itself be misleading?

I aspire to one day be a scientist (specifically an astrophysicist) and I have been reading up on many novels (like those of Asimov) which look into the development of humanity. I know that our ...
5
votes
2answers
213 views

Verification of scientific knowledge other than peer review?

Peer review has been used for regulation of scientific knowledge for almost 350 years. Were there any common mechanisms for verification and regulation of scientific knowledge before peer review ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Can psychological factors be evaluated in the realm of philosophy without going too abroad?

No discipline can be entirely independent, however, to some degree, it must or else we would otherwise confuse all the different studies together. The separation in different studies kind of organize ...
4
votes
3answers
106 views

Name of approaches of physics in terms of laws vs in terms of correlations?

I am not an expert in epistemology and I am currently searching for the name of a particular approach in physics (an historical one). Since Galileo, the role of the physicist is to simplify the ...
6
votes
4answers
142 views

Is it possible to construct falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses about behaviour?

My question is very much contained in the title. Most human behaviours are the object of many hypotheses based in the theory of evolution. Usually an hypothesis will arise as a model that explains a ...
8
votes
3answers
572 views

How is Bayesian reasoning related to the scientific method?

Back in September 2006, Scott Aaronson wrote a famous blog post giving 10 Reasons to believe that N!=NP. In March 2014, he wrote a more ambitious post about The scientific case for N!=NP. He claims: ...
7
votes
2answers
373 views

Stronger evidence for Feyerabend's critique of self-consistency

Background Many physicists use 'reality cannot have a true paradox, only apparent ones in our theory' as a very common maximum and guide to theory checking. As with all universal rules, Paul ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

Feynman and scientific method

In Richard Feynman's classic Cargo Cult Science speech. He talks about a type of scientific error made, where a person takes a previous experimental result for granted when designing an experiment. ...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Feyerabend's criticism against the fetishes of rationalism

Why does Fayerabend see observation terms, scientific method and fixed standards as fetishes of rationalism?
2
votes
2answers
587 views

Ought we only form beliefs based on sufficient empirical evidence?

In The Outsider Test for Faith, John Loftus often makes statements like: Faith, as I argue, is an irrational leap over the probabilities. Probabilities about such a matter are all that matter. We ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

Have the implications of cybernetics on epistemology been studied?

I would like to know what is the state of the art. There are several approaches in epistemology, from the various variants of positivism, to pragmatism, and many others. In cybernetics a system ...
2
votes
4answers
269 views

What criteria differentiates the science in Antiquity to that of the modern era dating from the Italian Renaissance, if any?

Its quite clear that there is a great deal of continuity between the science of Antiquity & that of the Renaissance. But one has the sense that there is some kind of essential difference. One ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Is the concept of a universe of holographical nature discussed in philosophy?

In Michael Talbot's Book 'Holographic Universe' he comes up with some very interesting concepts regarding the nature of the universe (although much of the book is half-esoteric nonsense). Especially ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Can our sense of touch deceive us?

Descartes says that the senses deceive us. I agree for all senses, except for the tactile sense (i.e., when you touch something). It's clear there are optical illusions, but there appear to be no ...
1
vote
2answers
327 views

Is the anthropic principle in physics falsifiable?

The Anthropic Principle states that the fundamental physics of the universe must allow the possibility of conscious life in the universe - as that is an observable fact. It's often qualified as ...
3
votes
2answers
9k views

What does Einstein's quote “If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts” mean? [closed]

What did Einstein really mean by saying: If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts.
5
votes
1answer
168 views

How would you describe the relationship of science and philosophy of science?

How would you describe the relationship of science and philosophy of science? Is it a worldview that sets a tone to scientific jargon? I mean that statements of eg. physics are under submission of the ...
4
votes
2answers
697 views

Origin of the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved

Does anyone know if the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved has a specific origin? I often hear it and would like to make a reference to it in a term paper I'm writing. Is it from the ...
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Is physicalism a current scientific consensus?

I was reading Wikipedia through materialism and physicalism article and was unable to find, whether modern scientists largely subscribe to physicalism in natural sciences. What is the scientific ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

What is this technique to gain proof called?

I just found out that I always missused the term deduction. I always thought that deduction meant gaining a proof by showing that all the other possible answers are wrong. But deduction is actually ...
5
votes
2answers
283 views

Do all sciences use the same fundamental approach - the scientific method?

Even so I admit that the statement "All sciences use the same fundamental approach - the scientific method" may be true or false, it is not obvious to me whether it is actually true or false. I ...