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3
votes
3answers
119 views

Understanding why Quine thinks certain belief sentences are meaningless

According to Quine, the following sentence is literally nonsense: ∃x (Ralph believes that x is a spy) Question: Exactly how does the sentence above devolve into non-sense according to Quine? ...
8
votes
4answers
181 views

Understanding Grice's Theory of (Non-Natural) Meaning

I am trying to understand Paul Grice's famous essay "Meaning". So consider a computer system which is fed a dictionary of every English word in existence. The computer system then randomly spits out ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

The basics of anti-propositionalism

Anti-propositionalism -- as I understand it -- is the view that sentences don't express propositions. But if everyday sentences (like "The dog is behind the curtain") don't express propositions, what ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

“Proposition” vs. “The Meaning of a Proposition”

Do the terms "proposition" and "meaning of the proposition" mean the same thing? Put differently: let P denote a proposition. Do the terms P and "the meaning of P" mean the same thing? Do they ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Rothschild's Claim against Propositionalism

In "Do Indicative Conditionals Express Propositions?", Daniel Rothschild asserts the following: "Consider, for example, the property of not ruling out the proposition p as a doxastic ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Semantics and Ontology

It seems to me semantics and ontology are independent notions but are somehow also related. If so, what is their relation? How are they related?
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Semantics vs Deduction

I know you can prove multiple ways, but I actually don't know what each means. Is semantics where you provide a paragraph proof and use objects and deduction where you do subproofs/elimations/intros ...
6
votes
1answer
54 views

Supervaluationism and Theories of Truth

How does the supervaluationalist defend his/her theory of truth since the correspondence theory of truth seems to presuppose bivalence? It would seem then that the only truth is Super-Truth. And, the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Composite truth tables for sentence relations (entailment, synonymy,etc.)

I'm using John Saeed's 'Semantics'. Now in chap 4 I see he is trying to formalize sentence relations such as entailment, synonymy, contradiction, etc., by some kind of different truth tables he calls ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

How should we understand the oracle's dilemma in making a prediction?

Let's look at a thought experiment: There is an oracle who has exact knowledge of the state of a deterministic universe, so her predictions about the universe's future have always turned out to be ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Abstract versus Concrete

Who drew the line between abstract/concrete and general/specific in the philosophy of language? Are there any comprehensive resources on the early history of their development specifically with ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Does the word 'And' refer?

The word 'house' and the word 'shed' refer - they are physical things we can point to (their referent). Now consider the word 'and' - this at first appears to not refer to anything. If one is trained ...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Classical possible worlds semantics

It looks like to me that possible worlds semantics are closely associated with propositional modal logic (or interior/closure algebras). Is there any literature where possible worlds semantics is ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Nomenclatural/Semantic Question in re: Semiotics

I just had a quick nomenclatural/semantic question regarding the usage of the term "semiotics". Thought this would be a good place to ask it, so here I am. Anyways, my question has to do with using ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Term for skepticism about whether a concept is meaningful

What is the term for the philosophical stance that a given concept which people seem to imbue with meaning actually has no meaning, especially if this means it makes no sense to speak of believing in ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

What is it that you don't know? [closed]

Imagine the following situation of a pretty wise master and his best student. Master..: I know everything. Student: So, what is it that you don't know? Master..: How to solve a paradoxon. How ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Is a couple living in symbiosis?

I think the answer is yes. Since male and female can live on their own. But for the sake of reproduction and child rearing some form of symbiosis can develop.
1
vote
0answers
67 views

*Gödel, Escher, Bach* quote illustrating syntax vs. semantics?

On what page of Hofstadter's Gödel, Escher, Bach (GEB) is the paragraph he quotes which is syntactically correct but almost completely void of any meaning except for a very esoteric group of ...
4
votes
5answers
141 views

Learning a language from a dictionary

There's a nice question I thought about, and I'd like to know more about it. I would assume it has been discussed many times, but I'm not sure what its called so I'm having trouble finding any texts ...
1
vote
2answers
445 views

What is the difference between 'meaning' and 'reference' for Putnam?

In Reason, Truth and History, Putnam talks about 'meaning' and 'reference', but I don't understand the difference between the two for him. He says: what goes on inside our head does not determine ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Which is the difference between akrasia and procrastination?

I researched in some sources but I'm not pretty sure if they are accurate: Akrasia "...occasionally transliterated as acrasia, is the state of acting against one's better judgment." Procastination ...
6
votes
4answers
345 views

Is scientific progress an illusion?

I was reading CS Lewis ideas on Chronological snobbery. What stuck to me is the question on whether in a century's time we are all going to bemoan how ignorant humanity was in the 21'st century. Some ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Is this a reasonable weak classical Deontic Logic?

I am writing a paper at the moment and an area of Deontic Logic has cropped up in it. I know very little about the area and I was wondering if people could give me opinions on the axiomatic system ...
0
votes
2answers
195 views

Can something be nothing?

I am confused about this question. It may have a simple answer of which I have overlooked. Can something be nothing? Because I believe nothing must be something, like a fact or idea of no thing ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Logic Notation Question: [[A]] vs. ⌈A⌉

Let A stand for an arbitrary proposition. I've read some papers recently that use differing notation on expressing the notion that "A is true". The two I'm concerned about are as follows: (1) ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

“It is epistemically necessary that P” versus “It is known that P”

Loosely, are the following two statements equivalent? (1) It is epistemically necessary that P. (2) It is known that P. If they are not, in what ways could they be different? I'm thinking in terms ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Understanding the Deliberative “Ought”

I'm trying to understand just what exactly the deliberative "ought" denotes. Are there any conceptual differences between the following three utterances? (1) S ought, deliberatively speaking, A. ...
-1
votes
1answer
102 views

Is reasoning an english gerund implying an awake,well mind.? [closed]

To Quote the Tag : Logic is the study of formal systems of reasoning, especially of the deductive variety. Reasoning implies the subject ie The mind. If the mind is implied then perhaps only ...
2
votes
6answers
332 views

The proper definition of atheism

What is the proper definition of atheism? I have heard people talking about atheism being a lack of beliefs or an absence of faith. That does not strike me as a very good definition though as every ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

One-placed intersection operator

What is the meaning of a formulation like: "A iff ∩A ⊆p" A is a set of propositions, p is a specific proposition, and the whole formulation is explicated as "There is no possible world where all ...
9
votes
2answers
221 views

What are the dialetheist semantics for logical negation?

This question is in a sense a follow-up, or elaboration, of the question "What are the motivations for Dialetheism?". Reflecting on the way I phrased that question, and the way I remarked on answers, ...
1
vote
4answers
412 views

What is the difference between a fictional concept and an abstract concept?

In another question, a commenter noted that karma and rebirth are fictional concepts. Is there a difference between a fictional concept and an abstract one? Can something be both? Conversely, does an ...
5
votes
3answers
410 views

What did Kierkegaard consider to be “reflection”?

After mentioning Kierkegaard's leveling and mathematical equality concepts, this passage is quoted: The individual no longer belongs to God, to himself, to his beloved, to his art or to his ...
3
votes
8answers
192 views

Does this analogy about translations illuminate, or obfuscate, the nature of belief?

I'm engaged in a discussion with somebody about the nature of belief. I've been arguing that belief is an attitude toward a proposition, and that in order to believe something, you necessarily have to ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the difference between Law of Excluded Middle and Principle of Bivalence?

Law of Excluded Middle: In logic, the law of excluded middle (or the principle of excluded middle) is the third of the so-called three classic laws of thought. It states that for any ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

What is the difference between item class and item instance?

I am working on a web site that has products information. Products, let's say consumer electronics, are represented by classes which describe different properties or groups of properties. Some classes ...
1
vote
2answers
162 views

The paradox of the raven and Kratzer's account of “if-then”

I have just read Angelika Kratzer's paper "Conditionals". In this paper Kratzer rejects the traditional account of the "if-then" construction in English as a two-place material implication operator, ...