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Should it be, rather than God or Nature, Nature in God?

Spinozas theology is sometimes represented by the phrase 'God or Nature'; however he specifically notes that only two attributes, of an infinity of attributes of God, are cogtnisible to us - mind and ...
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Spinoza Ethics: if a thing could act in a different way, will it have a different essence?

Ethics part 1: PROP. 26. A thing which is conditioned to act in a particular manner, has >necessarily been thus conditioned by God; and that which has not been conditioned by God >cannot condition ...
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Why are the laws of nature 'always and everywhere the same'?

Spinoza wrote in his Ethics that: the laws and rules of Nature…are always and everywhere the same This so as to deny a categorical difference between man and nature; Spinoza affirms that man is ...
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Must infinity involve repetitions?

Infinity for Nietzsche in at least one line of argument involves the eternal return; he refers to it in the Die fröhliche Wissenschaft and Also sprach Zarathustra; most completely in his Notes on the ...
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Question about a proposition of Spinoza's Ethics

In Proposition 29 of Spinoza Ethics, he says that "In nature there is nothing contingent" My questions: What does it mean for something to be contingent? and what follows from the claim that nothing ...
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70 views

Can an infinite be undifferentiated?

Starting in amthematics: The infinite in mathematics must be differentiated: we have the sequence - 0,1,2,3...; where each number is distinct. The same goes for infinite ordinals and cardinals. ...
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Deleuzian finitism and Spinozian infinitism

In the IEP entry on Deluze, there is the following: Commenting on Lucretius, Deleuze makes the following, extremely similar, remark: "The speculative object and the practical object of ...
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69 views

What is the essence of Descartes Riddle?

In Descartes philosophy Mind & Matter are two substances which he then found difficult explain how they affected each other. This, on the face of it seems wrong. Conventionally, one supposes one ...
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Is the world of Gods substance?

Supposing that God exists, supposing that nothing can be created out of nothing, then the world must be created out of God. That is the world is not apart from God. Famously Spinoza argues that the ...
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384 views

Existence of God

In this days I'm following an interesting scientific TV program and yesterday I watched an interview of Stephen Hawking. He was arguing about the existence of God saying that God does not exist since ...
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211 views

In Spinoza's system what is the status of time and space?

Spinoza in his Ethics, following Descartes says that: Extension is the unique essence of matter Noting that matter is generally percieved to be distinct from space and time, how does one use ...
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65 views

Who else besides Spinoza has described how to resolve Descartes separation of thought and matter?

Descarte famously divided thought from matter and placed them in separate realms. Spinoza put them together by placing them within God as the two modes - thought and extension - that are visible to ...
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Reasons to not teach Spinoza in secondary school

In The Netherlands, it's on some schools possible to get philosophy taught from the fourth to the sixth grade of high school (that's the age group 15-18). I've done this. I discovered that Spinoza's ...
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660 views

Spinoza's a priori proof for the existence of God

I am currently studying some aspects of Spinoza's philosophy, mainly in contrast to Kant. It seems to me that Spinoza is just the kind of "dogmatic metaphysician" Kant criticises. I know that Kant ...
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185 views

How does the writing style of Spinoza's Ethics affect the reception of its meaning?

The works of Marshall McLuhan (and others) explore the way meaning comes to be conditioned by the nature of the medium through which it is conveyed. The key emphasis for McLuhan, however, centred upon ...
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2k views

In what ways are the philosophies of Spinoza and Nietzsche comparable?

“I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned to him just now, was inspired by “instinct.” Not only is his ...
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What should I read to learn about Spinoza's philososphy?

I don't have much philosophical background aside from a couple college classes and stuff I've picked up from general interest. I'd like to learn Spinoza's philosophy. What is a good starting place? ...
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316 views

Meaning of Spinoza's First Axiom

Spinoza's first axiom in The Ethics goes "All things which are either are in themselves or in another." Omnia quae sunt vel in se vel in alio sunt. The meaning of this, as many commentators have ...