The study of terms and their use.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
0answers
8 views

Should the Ontological Argument be called something else than 'Ontological'?

Source: p 120 Middle, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed).   Here, we will begin by discussing the Ontological Argument. This is the most difficult of ...
5
votes
2answers
89 views

Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What are the parts of a definition called?

I would like to know what to call the part of the definition that is defined and the part that defines. For an explanation this would be explanandum and explanans. In the following example the ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

What are the origins of “The Other” and “The Gaze” in critical theory?

These two terms were for a time ubiquitous--one is tempted to say boilerplate--in critical theory. My own vague understanding is that Levinas is first to explicitly focus on "The Other" and Sartre ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Hypothesis and thesis

Hypothesis means several things, but I think (and Wikipedia roughly agrees) that there are two main senses: A. Epistemological - a tentative affirmation, posed as explanation for a phenomenon. In the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Did Aristotle really apply the term 'accent'?

Source: p 114, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (6 ed, 2000) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel Unintended meanings can arise not only from faulty sentence, structure, as ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

What underlying semantic notions connect the notion of 'thrown or hitting on both sides' to 'Amphiboly'?

Source: p 108, With Good Reason, An Introduction to Informal Fallacies (6 ed, 2000) by York U. Prof. S. Morris Engel The fallacy of amphiboly* is the product of poor sentence structure. It results ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Why did Aristotle choose the terms 'Major Term' and 'Minor Term'?

I have not (yet) studied Ancient Greek. This comment introduced me to the pertinence of Aristotle's Prior Analytics, but the translation and commentary below do not answer question entitled above. ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Why did Aristotle describe as Extremes: the Major Term and Minor Term?

I have not (yet) studied Ancient Greek. This comment introduced me to the pertinence of Aristotle's Prior Analytics, but a translation below does not resolve my question entitled above. Source: ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What is a metanarrative?

Is a metanarrative simply a narrative of any aspect of what is going on around us? So for instance, if I have a mathematical model or abstraction, or any scientific article about any biological or ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

What are factual propositions?

I've been reading up on epistemology, after having studied a bit of logic. Given that, I am in a good (or at least better) position to understand a proposition, and it's properties. One such property ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

What do you call the output of a truth table?

I know that the value of said output can be either True of False, but what is the actual output called? Another way of phrasing the question is, is what do you call the resolution of a complex ...
5
votes
2answers
127 views

What does the term “mathematical logic” mean?

What is "mathematical logic"? Is it the logic of mathematical reasoning, or is it the claim that mathematics and logic are identical? Also, is "quantificational logic" a particular type of "...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

The definition of a possible world

I have a two-part question about the definition of a possible world. I will make the assumption that time is tensed. First of all, is a possible world a complete list of all propositions that are ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Difference between classification and prioritization

What is the difference between classification and prioritization in a depth way? What are the steps requiered in each one?
6
votes
6answers
428 views

What do you call a statement that is accepted as true but has never been proved?

What do you call a statement P which has never been formally proved but all the observations so far verify it? This question comes from this scenario: some people use a software for work. They often ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

What is the definition of love according to Nietzsche?

I just read Thus Spoke Zarathustra, and the word love is mentioned many times in the book. Nonetheless, I don't recall an exact definition of what love is, according to the author. Did I miss it, or ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? [closed]

Could relativity have been proven without classical physics? What is the term for this, in the philosophy of science?
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Sartre's use of the word “Transcendence” and its meaning

I have been looking into some resources explaining Husserl's idea of transcendence and they point out that Sartre's idea of transcendence is based on Husserl's. Here are the different aspects/ideas of ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Can I say that extension is a synonym for isomorphism?

I read in Necessity and Sufficiency that For example, in graph theory a graph G is called bipartite if it is possible to assign to each of its vertices the color black or white in such a way ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Is there such thing as a fully secular writing?

This started as what was thought to be a simple English usage question to help me with a presentation. I wanted an umbrella term for writing that has no intrinsic or explicit connection to religion ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Can I use “nomothetic” to refer to the calculus correctness perspective in the Tractatus?

I'm doing a comparison between the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus and the Philosophical Investications. I want to remark the difference between the solid formal edifice built in the former, in ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

A form of Presentism [closed]

I don't know much about philosophical terms or movements, so I am curious as to whether there is a movement or term for non-conditional decision making. That isn't a formal term that I used above and ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Why did Kant import the Greek 'nooúmenon' for describing his noumenon?

Source: p 216, Philosophy: The Classics (4 ed, 2014) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy (Cambridge) Kant distinguishes between the world we experience (the world of phenomena), and the ...
4
votes
3answers
110 views

What is a mental state?

A great deal of the theory of mind is based upon supposedly obvious observations about our mental states. E.g. that they are immediately available, or that they are introspectable, at least in theory....
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Meaning of Being in 'Being and Nothingness'?

I just started reading Sartre's magnum opus and right on page two he begins to mention that being and appearance dualism is no longer entitled to any "legal status within philosophy". What is the ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What's the difference between a philosophical ontology and a computational ontology?

A computational ontology is supposed to be decidable and tractable, how else is it different from a philosophical ontology? Is there a peer-reviewed explanation of the similarities and differences ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

What is 'major' about the major term in logic? [closed]

Source: p 264, A Concise Introduction to Logic (12 Ed, 2014), by Patrick J. Hurley Each of the three terms in a categorical syllogism has its own name depending on its position in the argument. ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

What does Russell mean by “term” in Principles of Mathematics?

Bertrand Russell in Principles of Mathematics defines a term as "Whatever may be an object of thought, or may occur in any true or false proposition or can be counted as one." Can someone elaborate on ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Where can I learn the etymology behind the terminology of philosophy?

Though language can be illogical and irrational, this question presupposes against randomness (ie: the following also applies to terminology in philosophy): Source: p 381, An Introduction to ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What are the etymologies of 'subcontrary' and 'subalternation'?

Below are some examples of terms in philosophy with Latin etymons, whose semantic changes elude me. For example, how does adding the prefix 'sub-' to 'contrary' motivate the definition of 'subcontrary'...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the philosophical definition for Agnosticism (compared to Atheism/Theism)? [closed]

Is there an agreed upon definition for Agnosticism from a philosophical perspective? Is there a proper philosophical categorization of it compared to theism/atheim? Looking through the literature I ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How was 'Argumentum ad Verecundiam' adopted to mean 'Appeal to Unqualified Authority'?

Source: p 143, A Concise Introduction to Logic (12 Ed, 2014) by Patrick J. Hurley We saw in Chapter 1 that an argument from authority is an inductive argument in which an arguer cites the ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

How does philosophy categorize practical advice on how to live?

I am reading a book on productivity. "Getting Results the Agile Way" (J.D. Meier) is the specific book, but substitute your favorite "pop psychology" book on anything from productivity to parenting ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the difference between Philosophy and Theology?

In attempting to wrap my mind around the basic vocabulary, concepts, and methods of philosophy, I find myself wondering what the difference is between a philosopher and a theologian. Theology (link ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the philosophical doctrine that most closely corresponds to the listed positions? [closed]

I would like to ask for a possible classification of the following philosophical positions: Everything is a simple result of natural occurances and as such lacks any objective value. Even if a god ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

What is the philosophical difference between “Reality” and “Truth”? [closed]

While talking philosophically, I want to know the difference between Reality and Truth. Especially while Asking this question, I've used Reality/Truth because I don't know How they are different in ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Can analytic philosophy today be divided into a given number of basic, contending positions?

This question is asked out of a relative ignorance of "analytic" or "Anglo-American" proceedings, so broad, simplified answers are quite welcome. A slew of terms may be used to characterize the ...
6
votes
7answers
193 views

Is it possible to define “the supernatural”?

From a naturalistic perspective, it is possible to argue that the supernatural not only doesn't exist, but cannot even be defined. The reasoning goes that anything which "appears" to be supernatural, ...
2
votes
4answers
137 views

What is the name of the position which claims that “everything that is possible, exists”?

Question. What is the name of the following position? Everything that is possible, exists. Thus, in particular, every possible universe actually exists, as a concrete reality. I don't mean ...
6
votes
2answers
123 views

How does strong evidence imply truth?

I have seen a great number of individuals who take a step from "There is overwhelming evidence to suggest theory X is true" to "Theory X is true." (I think I misworded the former sentence ...
4
votes
3answers
87 views

Definitions of: Fact, Theory, Hypothesis, Evidence and prediction [closed]

Motivations I recently answered to this question on Biology.SE. The question asks: Is evolution a fact? Is it true that human and chimpanzee evolved from ape? In my answer I started with a tiny ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

What is the definition of truth-preservation?

To my knowledge truth preservation is a property of a valid deductive argument, but I can't really find a definition of it. I feel like mine is lacking, but here is my tentative definition: "Truth ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Is religion a kind of mythology, or the opposite?

Can we define religion as "the mythologies that don't assume they are mythologies"? First, mythology is the oldest way of describing Nature. Polytheisms, extant or extinct, usually know|knew their ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is this a transcendental philosophical question?

If I ask the question: "Is it possible to define knowledge by proving that there exists something that can't be known?" to which branch of philosophy does this question belong? Is it transcendental ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

What minimally counts as “neo-Kantian”?

The term neoKantian gets applied to a wide range of philosophers, from Helmholtz and Cassirer to Kuhn and even, I have heard, Foucault. I presume that most versions of neo-Kantianism today take on a ...
0
votes
3answers
51 views

What do we call one's personal circle of knowledge and who wrote about it?

Somebody reached out to me with the following funny phrase: If you ever laugh at a person telling you a joke in your dreams you’re laughing at your own joke (Source) I'd like to elaborate on ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Where does Wilfred Sellars stand in current curricula?

I realize this is more of a question about "culture" of philosophy and answers will be relative. As an autodidact, beginning largely in the Continental tradition, it is sometimes hard for me to know ...
1
vote
3answers
106 views

Thin conceptions of time

WIkipedia says: In philosophy, a thick concept (sometimes: thick normative concept, or thick evaluative concept) is a kind of concept that both has a significant degree of descriptive content ...
6
votes
5answers
688 views

What is the difference between a probability and a possibility?

I ask this in a fairly naive way. I understand that "probabilities" can be quantified in frequencies, degrees of belief, etc. with some defined "space" of probability.But I know little about modal ...