The study of terms and their use.

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What is the difference between intension and intention?

What is the difference between intention and intension? If one intends to do something is this intent part of the concept of intension?
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48 views

If A: P implies Q and B: Q implies P, then A is the *what* of B?

I have two propositions A: P implies Q B: Q implies P is A then the converse of B, or is there a term that is more exact?
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43 views

Is it possible to gain a lot without losing much?

This might be part of a more general question about the concept of gain and loss. If it is, please refer me to that. My question is: Is it possible to say that we always lose as much as we gain? ...
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59 views

What is the difference between Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism?

Based on the definitions given by Wikipedia , Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism both seems to imply the same meaning Rule Utilitarianism Action is right as it conforms to a rule that ...
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259 views

How do the meanings of *to exist*, *to be*, and *real* differ?

What definition of to exist, of to be, and of real preponderates contemporary philosophy? How do the terms differ from one another?
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61 views

What is a 'Brain State?'

I was recently reading on this, but found that a complete definition was vague. What does a brain state mean? Thanks!
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75 views

When it's stated that human beings are equal, what kind of equality is usually implied?

I was reading an essay where the author seems to define equality among people as mathematical equality. Of course, this seemed to be overly simplistic so I wanted to look for a better definition. I ...
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42 views

Does entelechy have a contrary?

As I understand it, entelechy is a term that is associated with Aristotle who used it in the sense of the actualisation or complete realisation of an entity's potential. As far as we know, was ...
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34 views

Nomenclatural/Semantic Question in re: Semiotics

I just had a quick nomenclatural/semantic question regarding the usage of the term "semiotics". Thought this would be a good place to ask it, so here I am. Anyways, my question has to do with using ...
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36 views

Looking for an epistemology term

I have tried googling for the term but didn't find it. It's an -ism that refers to the fact that you can only know truth or have knowledge within your own experience. It's different then moral ...
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61 views

How does Hannah Arendt define “freedom?”

Looking at this: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/arendt/ By freedom Arendt does not mean the ability to choose among a set of possible >alternatives (the freedom of choice so dear to the ...
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137 views

What is ethics really about? (the goal or the means)

I have always assumed, perhaps naively, that the basic goal of ethics is to provide judgements of possible outcomes of one's actions, and thus also advice on the way one should act. I just realised ...
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97 views

Why do we tend towards discretizing things around and within us?

Why do we tend towards discretizing things around and within us? Do our senses (for space and time) fool us into this notion all the way into the need for discretizing abstractions themselves, e.g. An ...
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What is the philosophical parlance for saying: “Why (should I) care?”

What is the philosophical parlance for saying: "Why (should I) care?", in which I'll loosely define "care" as an inclination towards one action over another. p.s. what are proper tags for this ...
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30 views

Is Aristotle referring to both Posterior Analytics and Prior Analytics when referring to simply “Analytics”?

In Book I, Part 2 of Aristotle's Rhetoric, Aristotle writes: With regard to the persuasion achieved by proof or apparent proof: just as in dialectic there is induction on the one hand and ...
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38 views

A fallacy for unjustified blame

Is there a name or definition for the following fallacy (if you can even call it that): Peter decides that the team will use Product A. While using Product A, the team encounters problems. ...
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104 views

Is a pile of ants a, more or less, intelligent being?

Due to the definition of life an ant colony acts and reacts like a life form. There is even a "Ant colony optimization" Example Algorithm... Does this mean that the whole pile of ants, not its ...
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What fallacy/fallacies are present when a person discredits another person's arguments, by claiming they are not arguing for their own position?

Example: Person A argues that skipping breakfast has no effect on a person likelihood to gain weight. Person B takes the position opposite that breakfast in fact curves hunger and chances of putting ...
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50 views

Term for argument by extremes. Is it the same as straw man argument?

What is the correct term for the following logical fallacy? Speaker 1: I believe that increasing X by 5% would be a good thing. Speaker 2: By your logic, increasing X by 5000% would be a 1000x ...
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324 views

What is the difference between an 'idea' and a 'concept'?

What is the difference between an 'idea' and a 'concept'? Has a distinction between the two terms been settled and accepted by most modern philosophers?
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197 views

Truth for logicians, mathematicians, and philosophers

How does the logician define truth? What is the precise definition of truth for mathematicians? How does a philosopher define truth? What are the similarities and differences between these ...
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96 views

Can anything really be called complex?

What makes something complex? If someones mind can, in reasonable time, understand something considered complex, is it no longer complex? If it's the brain changing in presence of a complex object, ...
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222 views

Positive vs. Normative--Is falsification required?

I have some confusion on positive vs. normative. I am under the impression that a positive claim is a claim regarding a state of reality, while a normative claim is one of a value judgment on ...
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What exactly do 'objective' and 'subjective' mean in contemporary philosophy?

I'm pretty new to philosophy and I just have a quick question in regards to about how people use the terms 'objective' and 'subjective'. Does objective value mean anything that is independent of ...
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How do I understand “Begging the question” in philosophical context?

I understand the fallacy of begging the question's definition. but I can't see why this fallacy's name should be "begging the question." According to the Macmillan's English dictionary, "to beg the ...
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Interpret Bayesian probability as frequentist probability?

It is usually said that the Bayesian probability is a subjective concept, quantifying one's degree of belief in something, while the frequentist probability is the the fraction of certain outcomes ...
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What's the difference between a 'duty' and 'obligation'?

Background I enrolled in a class, The Philosophy of Human Rights. The authors of the course readings never use 'duty' and 'obligation' interchangeably, so I suspect that the terms may have distinct ...
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Is there a term for the logical arguing of what *should* be done, as opposed to what is true?

I'm trying to explain to someone that an appeal to consequences is a fallacy in formal logic, but is appropriate when you're discussing policy, for instance, or more generally, when choosing between ...
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62 views

Concerning the meaning of “ontological category”

There are nominalists concerning abstract objects, i. e. they think that only concrete things exist. (Assuming the abstract/concrete distinction is exhaustive) Is it inconsistent with such a ...
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85 views

Fallacy naming the current year/century

Assuming you were in a debate and your opponent posited the argument: "Of course we should do X, its (year)!" or "its the (number) century!" or the somewhat related "we aren't living in (time ...
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264 views

What does “obtain” mean in philosophy jargon?

I keep running into this term "obtain" being used in what I suspect is specialized way, but I can't seem to find a definition for it. Here are two examples: From the fact that the first state of ...
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What is the name for this “endless definition” problem?

Say I am trying to define "apple", I define it in terms of a specific way by which atoms, molecules, and ions are organized. Then I'd have to define those atoms, molecules and ions, and I do so in ...
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170 views

Is contemporary advertising a form of Rhetorics?

The definition that Aristotle gives of Rhetoric makes me think that it could also include contemporary advertising. The definition of Rhetoric is the following: Rhetoric may be defined as the ...
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What does it mean for an axiom to be logical?

I have recently been hearing the phrase logical axiom being thrown around in reference to the philosophy of mathematics and I'm having a hard time understanding what one might mean when they are using ...
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What “driving forces” have being introduced for human kind during history?

AMAIK: Freud cites libido as the driving force of human being (the underlying part of id) Nietzsche introduced Will to power as the driving force behind human actions And here, pain & pleasure ...
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How can I write something about science? [closed]

I want to analyse science from a epistemological point of view focused on cybernetics. For that I first need to know what is science, there are several possibilities*: There is one single ...
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175 views

Is there a conceptual definition of “success”?

The term success if often found in modern western culture. Without further thinking, success in its most common context is related to either an increase in wealth or social status. But the notion of ...
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124 views

Is Morality an end in itself or a means to a higher end, and if the latter, what is the higher end?

If morality is nothing more than an evolutionary by-product, i.e. a tool developed for the purpose of prolonging one's existence and/or facilitating reproduction, it seems to make little sense to ...
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157 views

When/How does an issue become “Philosophical” in nature?

I find this site very interesting, because the questions and answers span such a wide range of issues. However, I often struggle to see how some of the matters discussed fit into the category of ...
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Are there proper terms to describe and differentiate the observed and the observation?

What are the accepted philosophical terms that help differentiate between the object and the representation of the object, what is observed and the observation, the territory and the map. Question: ...
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113 views

What is the actual process of realization?

What is the actual process of realization? What are the factors that must coexist at the same time in order to set the brain's state of realizing something? I found that In probability and ...
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What is speculative philosophy? [closed]

What is speculative philosophy? What might be good or bad about it?
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What is Ontological Commitment?

What is Ontological Commitment? I can infer some understanding from its usage in philosophical texts, but I would like to have a definitive answer to be able to confidently use the notion on my own. ...
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117 views

What's so speculative in rationalists metaphysics?

From Loux's: Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction. The metaphysical theories of the rationalists, by contrast, were anything but conservative. In their hands, metaphysics results in ...
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What Precisely Does “Semantics” Mean?

What do logicians mean when they refer to the notion of "semantics"? I don't find the definition "the connection between words and meaning of those words" to be that satisfactory here. Informally, ...
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Book on philosophy of language for beginners

Reading books about philosophy of language I came cross a lot of terminology like "metaphysics", "epistemology", "aesthetics", "logical positivist" etc. As I'm a total beginner in this area, I'm ...
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What does “aggregative mechanical thought” mean in Frege's works?

In *The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry Into the Concept of Number" by G. Frege pages XV and XVi we read: A typical crudity confronts me, when I find calculation ...
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217 views

A priori - knowledge that must be independent of experience?

In "Naming and Necessity" Kripke talks a lot about the notion of a priori. At one point (quoted below) he mentions that some philosophers changed the "can" in the definition of a priori knowledge to ...
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What is this expanded notion of rationality called?

I usually used to take "rational" as meaning "in accordance with reason". Recently however, I read a book on emotional intelligence, where the author implied that certain emotions are "rational". That ...
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What is this type of faulty reasoning called?

If one were to reason that most poor people worry about money and most UBER-wealthy people don't worry about money, and they want to be UBER-wealthy, than they should simply not worry about money... ...