The study of terms and their use.

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Is there a school of thought that considers human less significant than other beings?

When discussing animal rights with friends, we talked about Anthropocentrism, Biocentrism and Ecocentrism. We were wondering if there is a school of thought that is the opposite of Anthropocentrism, ...
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Newtons law saved by ad-hoc hypothesis?

In the early 1800’s it was found that the observed orbit of Uranus deviated from the theoretical predictions (based on Newton’s theory of gravity and a seven planet model of the solar system). Instead ...
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How is called the philosophy which states that molecules determine animal behavior?

What is called a philosophy of those who say that all or mostly all human behavior is determined by endorphins or maybe some other biochemical substance? Is it close to biological determinism?
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Name for the “cut” between an agent and its environment

This question broadly regards the Denettian "intentional stance" to agency, which says that on the most fundamental level there are only physical things in the world, but nevertheless for certain ...
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Is there a term for the absence of evidence fallacy with regard to scientific falsification?

If one looks at the roots of science, it is not founded on being right, but on being easy to prove wrong. Popper's concept of falsification puts this in words. I see many who see the absence of ...
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What does Bachelard mean by “Applied Rationalism”?

I've heard this term many times. I've tried to google it but there is a very little about it. There is no online resource which explains the term and what is this position. So my question is, What ...
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194 views

Is philosophy meaningless?

*By meaningless I mean undefined, and by meaning I mean definition. As a student of philosophy, I, like the general public, thought that my difficulty in understanding the concepts of philosophy is ...
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35 views

When a fallacy actually occurs

Assume a debate has occurred and a result ended the debate, but in this result a slippery slope is coming true - more specifically the contrapositive used as a basis for argument that relied on a ...
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Finding a clear difference between truth and fact

I have been starting back in school after a long hiatus. In one of my classes, a discussion of Truth began. The problem I have had is that no one seems to have a solid definition between the two. ...
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Is philosophy the quest of the answer, or the thrive of the process? [closed]

I thought about "the medium is the message", and kind of transposed the similar thought-pattern to philosophy. Finding answers often seems to be at the very core of the subject: people fight with ...
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37 views

Does everything have at least one rigid designator?

Put antother way Proposition 1: for anything that exists in this world I can find/construct, even if just by assertion, a rigid designator that applies to it. Proposition 2: like proposition 1 but ...
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128 views

How to define a number [closed]

What is the positive real number (say less than one) that is not a rational nor an irrational number? I have encountered a mathematical problem that confused me about the definition of real ...
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111 views

The Opposite Point of Positivist Epistemology

In the philosophy of science, I wanted to know what is the exact opposite point of the positivist epistemology? Actually I'm not from the philosophy area and thus not familiar with different ...
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Do linguists call human language “natural”? [closed]

From a recent question (Could a programming language be considered as a language?), it came to me the impression that there may be some confusion about the terminology professional linguists use, when ...
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How can my religious views be classified?

I was wondering if there's a name for my religious views. I'm pretty sure it would be some form of agnosticism. I would say: It would be logical that there exists one or more entities we can ...
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what does “Justified” mean? [closed]

I saw the term JTB (Justified true belief). What is the act of Justificaton ? What makes somthing "Just" ? Cheers Sharon
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What is the history of the concepts “sound” and “valid”?

Could someone tell me when the current terminological distinction between "sound" and "valid" was first made in the development of logic? If the distinction was first drawn in writings in ...
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How can I know that I know something? [closed]

This also a question about what is the definition of knowledge.
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I “random” meaning with known probability? [duplicate]

Can I say that a phenominon(e.g. like a coin flip) Is not deterministic but also not 50/50 ,rather completly unpredictable ? Is there a term for such behaviour ? Is that what "random" mean or is ...
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when we express in words can it be anything else but an opinion based on learning and experience? [closed]

When we think and later express in works can it be anything else but an opinion, a summary of perceived learning and experience? Facts? There are more disproved facts in science than accepted ones. ...
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224 views

What does it mean to understand something? [closed]

First, suppose what's happening when I say I don't understand something (let it be a proof of some mathematical theorem). What does it mean? Probably that I can't see all logical connections between ...
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How is this called: not believing in religious doctrine but accepting religious institutions? [closed]

If a member of a (say, Christian) church does not believe in God (e.g. thinks god is a man-made concept) and the surrounding metaphysics but believes that the church as an institution serves a ...
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259 views

What differentiates the scientific method from other methods

From the controversy in this question, I would like to know what differentiates "the scientific method" from other method. I'm asking for differentiation, rather than a definition, because ...
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59 views

Is there a formal, or a rigorous, definition of the 'consists in' relation?

Philosophers often describe one thing as consisting in some other things. However, I've never seen a rigorous definition of the 'consists in' relation. Does such a definition exist?
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Is there a philosophical definition for “difference” and “similarity”? When are 2 logical arguments “different” or “similar”? [closed]

Is there a philosophical definition for "difference" and "similarity"? When are 2 logically valid arguments "different" or "similar"?
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Is there a theory in philosophy which holds that “ignorance is bliss”?

What is the philosophical view of believing that ignorance is bliss, or that knowledge of yourself or the world is bad for you?
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Are Hume's “relations of ideas” the same as analytic a priori judgments?

In his Enquiry concerning human understanding, Hume provides the following definition: All the objects of human reason or enquiry may naturally be divided into two kinds, to wit, Relations of ...
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What does *remediable* mean to philosophers? (Example and context provided)

In his essay, Knowledge of Logic, Paul Boghossian writes Finally, on the inferential path, there is the question whether it is irremediably true that rule‐circular arguments provide no ...
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Another name for “non-events”

According to Davidson, a sentence like Brutus stabbed Caesar can be represented as ∃e.stab(Brutus,Caesar), where e is a reified event. Is there a term for something that's not an event? I first ...
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What does *substantive* in the term 'substantive normative claim' mean?

In Sharon Street's paper, "Nothing "Really" Matters, but That's Not What Matters", she uses the phrase substantive normative-claim: I take it that this is because Parfit is thinking of the claim ...
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Material vs formal logic?

I would like to know how material logic differs from formal logic. From the little that I'm aware of, it is apparently the case that material logic concerns itself with the truth of the content of an ...
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Terminology for Dialectic

Consider a usual situation where somebody presents a thesis and an supporting argument, somebody else makes a objection, the former replies with a counter-objection, and so on. I wish to know if ...
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What is the name of the “pizza argument” against an all-powerful being?

The "pizza" argument against the existence of an all-powerful being goes something like this: Suppose for a contradiction that there exists an all-powerful being. Then there cannot exist a pizza ...
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6answers
287 views

“This sentence is true”. Is there a word for this class of statement?

Is there a term that means "A self referential statement which is true if (and because) it is true and false if (and because) it is false"? "This sentence is a lie" is a paradox in the sense of ...
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Is the idea of a multiverse considered metaphysics? [duplicate]

I know that metaphysics has to do with the fundamental nature of reality. I am just not sure if a multiverse is considered fundamental
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Is the phrase “logic and reason” grammatically correct?

I have always interpreted logic to mean a systematic form (premise-reason-conclusion) of reason. So it seems that you are saying one word (reason) and a branch of that word (logic). But the "and" ...
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discerning among ethics morality principles virtues, and etiquette

Although I have studied these terms in even my own language, eventually, could anyone possibly throw a light on them, specially in such a way that I could differentiate between them better, as I have ...
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Is there a term for materialistic non-determinism?

I was trying to explain to someone that an underlying assumption of science is ... and then couldn't come up with a term to describe it. What I'm hoping to give a name to, is the idea that the world ...
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How can I explain the soundness of a rule with respect to the semantics of a truth table?

The question is a mouthful but it comes from an exercise in which I was asked to explain why modus ponens is sound with respect to the semantics expressed by the truth-table. Many things are not ...
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What's the term for winning an argument using the elegance of manipulation?

Arguments can be won by utilizing a mixture of ethos, pathos, and logos. Logos may either appeal using real logic (facts), or using deceptive logic (non-facts). What's the term for deceiving ...
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Fungible Money Question

Suppose that there are two people, A and B. Each has a physical dollar bill. Each donates the dollar bill to an organization. The organization buys something for a dollar. First suppose that the ...
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Is there a philosophical term for this kind of error/mistake/fallacy?

Say, A (language expression) describes B (subject matter). But one claims that A determines the existence of B. I consider this an error/mistake/fallacy because I think B is prior to A. If I am ...
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Is it correct to say that philosophy is not necessarily connected with the real world?

I mean, I imagine philosophy as: "given a model (which could be a model of the reality) and some rules (rule could be the one by rationality) try to make inference on the rules to get other rules" ...
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Which physical phenomena are not objects?

I come from the world of OOP programming and I find OOP terms convenient to describe everything that has properties or fields and possibly some actions that may be applied to its properties/fields. ...
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Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
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What is the term for a statement that becomes true by being uttered?

I though those were called tautologies, but I just found out that that is incorrect. Is there a term for a statement like "I have lied", that becomes irrefutably true as soon as I say it? In this ...
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What is a neat explanation?

I have hear of a person who claims that his explanations is a neat explanation. He says this almost as if this makes it better or more probable. What does this exactly mean? I suspect it has something ...
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Is loyalty an intention or a behavior or something else?

I'm new to philosophy so please forgive me if I'm ignorant of basic concepts and terminology. I've googled around for definitions of loyalty, and most seem to define it as a "virtue" or "devotion" or ...
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What does it really mean for something to be tolerated?

A word that often comes up when discussing societies with problems is that everyone needs to tolerate those that are different, or hold different beliefs; we need to encourage tolerance, and so on... ...
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The reversed naturalistic fallacy

It is a naturalistic fallacy if someone concludes from there is something to something ought to be. If you reverse that order you have someone concluding from something ought to be to there is ...