Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Is it possible to be truly unbiased?

I was pondering this question: Inductive Argument Against Believing Anything I his argument, the OP suggests that, in the position of choosing a system of belief where there are multiple, large ...
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Inductive Argument Against Believing Anything

I don't understand why I should believe my own conclusions. Let's take the metaphysical question of whether God exists (just as an example). There are, and have been throughout history, billions of ...
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129 views

Could the universe have a self-originated source?

The universe is finite. It is constrained by laws of nature and it has a limited amount of space (even though it is expanding). When one tries to explain and understand the origins of the universe, ...
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Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? [closed]

There are a lot of debates and arguments about whether a 'monotheistic' God exists or not; they are usually directed toward the God of the Old and New Testament. Why aren't there more recent debates ...
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1answer
66 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [closed]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
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What is a miracle, and why should it influence our metaphysical beliefs?

There's a question on this site regarding what a rational person should accept as a miracle, but the question and its answers seem to take the definition and categorization (as well as consequence) of ...
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3k views

Evil thoughts without actions?

Can a thought without a corresponding action be morally wrong? More fully, under which approaches to morality do thoughts, in and of themselves, carry moral significance? In particular I'm looking ...
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59 views

Can an infinite be undifferentiated?

Starting in amthematics: The infinite in mathematics must be differentiated: we have the sequence - 0,1,2,3...; where each number is distinct. The same goes for infinite ordinals and cardinals. ...
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1answer
42 views

Kant & Intentionality

Kant is famous for subordinating reality in one aspect (the phenomenal) to consciousness via his Copernican Revolution of subordinating objects to the ground of intuition. Husserl, in his theory of ...
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Is for God (or religion) meme to survive it is bound to turn evil?

I am somewhat sceptical about Dawkins memes (see 'The Selfish Gene'). But let's consider for the sake of argument that he is right. Now considering all the wars and other suffering caused by 'our ...
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72 views

Why does an omnipotent God allow horrible evil to flood the earth? [closed]

The most common answer here will be: evil must be allowed to have free will. This is simply not true. If we are speaking of an omnipotent God that created the entire universe and any extra dimensional ...
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Considering the universe has a limited timespan, how would god fit into this? [closed]

Let's consider the universe to have an existence that is temporally limited (i.e., it will eventually implodes on itself or falls apart). Now, let's consider that there is a god in that universe. ...
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Is it believed by the religious that God's values change over time, along with humans'?

This is something that I have never been able to understand, so thought I would ask. It is common that, whenever we look back at previous generations and certain aspects of their lifestyle which ...
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1answer
71 views

A variant on the burito microwaving God

A epistemological variant of Homer's question about whether God could microwave a burito so hot He himself could not eat it, is about whether God could know what it is like not to know everything. ...
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1answer
55 views

Is Not-Being identical with Nothing?

Anne-Marie Schimmel writes in Mystical dimensions of Islam Sufism comes close to it [Shankara Advaita Philosophy] in some of the forms developed by the Ibn-Arabi school. Here the Numen is ...
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96 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
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Purush and Platos city and soul

In the Rigveda Purush is described as: as a primeval giant that is sacrificed by the gods (see Purushamedha) and from whose body the world and the varnas (classes) are built. He is described as ...
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130 views

The selfless gene

Richard Dawkins, in a fine bit of rhetoric in his book the selfish gene, asserts that from one perspective, that our bodies are merely the means by which genes reproduce themselves. We are mortal, but ...
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238 views

Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian & Islamic thought the universe is created, and this is taken that the universe had a definite beginning; philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we to ...
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111 views

Believing in god is same as not believing in yourself [closed]

This question might seem like an atheistic.. When a young kid prays to god for better exam score , doesn't that mean he knows he not going to score good so he forces himself to believe that some ...
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1answer
45 views

Can a time-travel paradox prove self sustaining universe?

I was thinking this is more a philosophical question and not regarding the physics. Can a time-travel paradox prove self sustaining universe? Let's say, I create a time machine where I can send the ...
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1answer
74 views

If God had a bachelor's degree [closed]

stupid question... but what do you think it would be? at first I thought business/management (ceo of the universe), but then I thought an engineer would be more appropiate (creator of an automated ...
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4answers
209 views

Why have philosophers historically defined God as omni-benevolent?

Whenever I read philosophy throughout history regarding God, I notice something I have issue with: Philosophers in most cases define god to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omni-benevolent. The first ...
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49 views

What is the essence of Descartes Riddle?

In Descartes philosophy Mind & Matter are two substances which he then found difficult explain how they affected each other. This, on the face of it seems wrong. Conventionally, one supposes one ...
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61 views

Could someone expound upon this comment by Alvin Plantinga?

I'm reading "The Free Will Defense" by Alvin Plantinga and he makes the comment that Martin Luther and Descartes thought that God's power is unlimited even by the laws of logic. He doesn't further ...
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298 views

Nothing, God & Physical law

Mary-Jane Rubenstein writes in Cosmic Singularities At first blush, Hawking’s and Mlodinow’s “nothing” seems even more of a nothing than the church fathers’ nothing. For whereas Irenaeus’ and ...
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1answer
55 views

Is Plato's Theory of the Forms entirely accepted by anyone?

Plato's idea: "Plato's theory of Forms or theory of Ideas asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, ...
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87 views

Nietzsche, Christ & Christianity

In the Twilight of the Idols, Nietzsche buries Christianity but praises Christ - calling him the only Christian. Is he calling him a Christian in the tautological sense in being the founding figure ...
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4answers
105 views

Is the world of Gods substance?

Supposing that God exists, supposing that nothing can be created out of nothing, then the world must be created out of God. That is the world is not apart from God. Famously Spinoza argues that the ...
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313 views

Existence of God

In this days I'm following an interesting scientific TV program and yesterday I watched an interview of Stephen Hawking. He was arguing about the existence of God saying that God does not exist since ...
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67 views

Is the depth of our desire considered proof of an ultimate desirable in theology?

There is a word (sehnsucht) that describes a deep and ineffable longing for something beyond description, joyous and enjoyable beyond anything in this World, that 'haunts' many people: like CS Lewis ...
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How could a prophet prove its authenticity?

In the event of an existing god wanting to deliver a message to mankind and choosing one person for it, how could this person prove, if possible, that he speaks in the name of God? Edit: Please note ...
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1answer
47 views

What exactly is Ghazali's argument here? Please see if you can help.

The text: These are just a few of the inconsistencies of the philosophers pointed out by al-Ghazali in the course of his disputation with regard to the eternity of the world and they could be ...
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176 views

If there is anything that could behave like a god, is it then a real god?

Let's assume that the our universe's physics allows time travel. This is my main assumption! Let's further assume that there is an quite intelligent, invulnerable being, that found a way to achieve ...
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If I have a purpose then does the universe one have one?

I have a purpose, an end to which I aim at; but I am also a part of nature, a fragment of the universe. So in my being can I say the universe has a purpose? To clarify: I follow, or rather am the ...
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1answer
90 views

Should one consider that the world exists a 'miracle'?

Miracles are used generally in theological/religous contexts; outside of them they're seen as either rationally explicable as signifiers of theological truths that are uncovered by hermeneutics of ...
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178 views

What did Leibniz mean by saying this is the 'best of all possible worlds'?

This was famously satirised by Voltaire in Candide. But what did Leibniz mean by this? My intuitive understanding is this must be due to Leibniz's attempt at the problem of evil in Christian ...
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Russell's Paradox & Existence of God

Russell's paradox is a famous theorem in set theory. It asserts that "the collection of all sets is not a set itself". In the other words "the set of all sets doesn't exist" in the world which ZFC ...
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1answer
170 views

Is the proof for the God's existence of Harvey Friedman correct?

Recently, the Prof. Harvey Friedman published a paper in which he proves the existence of God starting from the consistency of the mathematics. Does someone know if this proof has been refuted or it ...
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Is there any influence from Hegels Master-Slave dialectic towards Nietzsches Master & Slave morality, or oppositely?

Hegel discusses the parable of the slave & master in his Phenomenology of Spirit. In the form of a hegelian dialectic, this takes the form thesis=slave, antithesis=master and synthesis=equals. ...
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Could god display pi as a fraction of 2 integers? [closed]

Imagine there is an allmighty god. Inspired by the question of "what would make you as a rational person believe, that book X was written by God Y", I thought of this: That book must present to me ...
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How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience

I've been reading about Plantinga's defense of free will and I can see how omnipotence is aligned with the existence of evil. What evades me, is how he resolves the conflict between foreknowledge and ...
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St. Thomas Aquinas' Contingency Proof for the Existence of God

Frank Sheed is considered one of the best Thomistic theologians of the twentieth century. He is known for presenting St. Thomas' 5 proofs in a very clear way. If we consider the universe, we find ...
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Does the presence of free-will allow for the possibility of evil in a world with a benevolent God?

The Problem of Evil is to understand how God can allow evil in the world if He is omni-benevolent (all-good), as someone who is all-good would not knowingly allow evil to occur where they could ...
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Can we have a present point in time in a reality based only on natural causes?

Physicists like Lawrence Krauss have explained that it is possible for particles, and even a universe such as ours, to arise spontaneously due to the very nature of the nothingness of empty space. ...
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505 views

God and science

I've searched over the internet but I've found no satisfactory answer so far , How might science (Particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god? If we make the assumption that a ...
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3answers
193 views

Will God never die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
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Understanding fundamental questions of life via mathematics

I am a university student of mathematics and is also interested in philosophy, mainly spiritualism. Besides knowing that mathematics is, in general, also a study of how the world works, I do not know ...
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Would we create God again? [closed]

If we took a modern society and erased all memory and knowledge of religion and somehow lengthened the life span to be infinite. And then allowed that society to progress, would religion be recreated? ...
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Would a God-like being have any purpose? [closed]

If an entity with knowledge and power that approached infinite existed, what would they live for? What purpose could they satisfy to exist? If such an entity existed, would the universe not bore ...