Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

1
vote
1answer
28 views

Can there be 2nd dimensional beings? [on hold]

So, as I was thought humans experience the universe in 3 dimensions, therefore we are 3rd dimensional beings. But I was wondering, can there be beings in the second dimension? Now, this may sound dumb,...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

“Does god exist?” Is this question correct?

Before going into the topic first let me clarify what I will refer to as "god" in this passage. God, I think should be referred to as something that is analogous to the axioms of a formal system. ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

What is the point of prayer for theological rationalists?

Of course, there are psychological aspects, you can unify a community or concentrate on your life goals. I feel like Christians try to do something like that when they say that prayer should be a ...
-2
votes
3answers
142 views

Can God make a rock so heavy he cannot lift it? [duplicate]

Is this really a paradox? God, at the point in time when the question is posed, is Omnipotent - so he must be able to. But in creating something that He cannot later move, does this power simply come ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Why is aidios, aionios, and aion translated eternal in Plato's Timaeus?

Plato's Timaeus.... When the father creator saw the creature which he had made moving and living, the created image of the eternal (aidos: imperceptible) gods, he rejoiced, and in his joy ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

What are the main definitions of god in philosophy?

I recently learned about ignosticism, which is the idea that the notion of god is ambiguous, and then the question of the existence of god(s) is meaningless. That is quite surprising to me since the ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

What if the Accompanying Voice is internal and non-mystical, yet mistakenly is the basis for Religion? [closed]

Some small proportion of people (you know who you are) have an Accompanying Voice: an equal who converses with your "normal thought voice" whenever you have questions or problems that you cannot solve,...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Does the notion of absoluteness exist?

Google defines absolute as: "a value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things." My work interests lie in the fields of computer ...
1
vote
3answers
56 views

In Pandeism, was God capable of knowing the outcome of his annihilation?

Although Pandeism deals with an omnipotent and omniscient God, it still troubles me to think God would annihilate himself for no purpose. My latest conclusion was, God did have a purpose for his ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How would a Knight of Faith respond to a disproof of God?

In Kierkegaard's work the concept of "Faith" appears to be what we might describe as a belief somehow "beyond", or more fundamental than, evidence-based belief. In the case that belief in God (...
7
votes
6answers
234 views

Can a theist accept any brute facts about the natural world?

I am reading Adrian Bardon’s recent text, A History of the Philosophy of Time, and in it he makes the following passing comment : The theist doesn’t accept brute facts about the natural world; she ...
1
vote
3answers
191 views

A Critcism of the Ontological Argument for God

Allow me to present the argument: (1) By definition God is that being which possesses every perfection. (2) Existence is a perfection. (3) Therefore, God exists. Whether you agree is not important,...
2
votes
7answers
2k views

Is the logic of this argument valid?

If God exists, it is rational for people to believe he exists without relying on facts: If God exists and he wanted to be known by people he would provide a means of knowing him. If God wanted as ...
5
votes
4answers
633 views

Problems with the Omnipotence paradox

From Wikipedia: The omnipotence paradox is a family of semantic paradoxes that explores what is meant by 'omnipotence'. If an omnipotent being is able to perform any action, then it should be able ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Omnipotence Paradox Defense and Meinongianism/Neo-Meinongianism

I was considering a solution to the omnipotence paradox in which excluding logical impossibilities from the definition of omnipotence is justified as follows. Consider the proposition, "God could ...
2
votes
3answers
89 views

Are agnosticism and ignosticism incompatible with each other?

If someone claims that the concept of God is ambiguous and it is meaningless to talk about its existence, then such a person cannot take a stance as far as knowledge is concerned. Wouldn't an Agnostic ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Are Tillich and Dewey saying the same thing with regard to “ultimate concern”?

Both Dewey and Tillich refer to "God" in their respective interpretations of the object of faith. Also, each of them uses similar terms in speaking of faith. Tillich speaks of being "ultimately ...
10
votes
4answers
215 views

How can there be idealism without God?

In Berkeley's idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist. How can we then explain the ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
3
votes
3answers
81 views

What is the most common (or best) answer provided by religious figures/advocates about the purpose of unfair pain and sickness in the world

I have watched many youtube videos and engaged in many discussion with friends about the premises leading to the existence/not existence of God.. I usually see advocates of religion (usually abrahamic ...
5
votes
7answers
204 views

How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
2
votes
4answers
110 views

If something can create a paradox, that something cannot exist, can that be used to disprove God?

Is it correct to assume that if something can create a paradox, this something itself cannot exist nor be created? That sounds logical, because a paradox leads to a senseless conclusion, it's ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

How does Spinoza support the argument that there is a match between ideas and physical objects?

Spinoza argues that if God exists, He is a single continuous substance that constitutes all of reality. How does this argument go, and how does Spinoza use it to support the conclusion that there is ...
2
votes
5answers
167 views

is God good, or God is the good?

When I was a Muslim I believed God is the source of goodness. When I quit, one of the most frequent questions that I think about and I couldn't find an answer for is If we say God is good, that ...
4
votes
5answers
268 views

Is Philosophy about living?

I read some arguments in this forum about Western vs Eastern viewpoints. And about the idea that modern-Western thought applies Science principles and eastern, being older merely applies a more ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is god just a matter of interpretation?

The common definition of god is that he is all knowing and all powerful, yet he has a personality (merciful etc.), but in my mind those two things conflict with eachother. First off he is all knowing ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

How do Christians decide which biblical laws to retain and which to discard? [closed]

The Christian Bible contains a wide variety of laws and guidance covering a substantial range of topics. Modern Christians do not attempt to follow all of the laws and teaching. Some points are ...
1
vote
4answers
66 views

Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Thinking about not existing [closed]

Whenever I see pictures of our universe, I always try to think about not existing. Recently I found this website and started thinking about it. Usually what when we talk about this, we imagine a void, ...
3
votes
5answers
153 views

Is the “final cause” argument for God decisive?

I've heard a rule that said every thing has a reason, and the main reason (which is God) hasn't been caused by any other reason. I've heard this at school, in my family, everywhere, but is it ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Which contemporary philosophers explicitly engage with Nietzsche's statement that “God is dead”?

Which contemporary theorists, especially of art or poetry, explicitly and deliberately engage with Nietzsche's statement that "God is dead"? Obviously Nietzsche has had a huge influence on post / ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Why does Kierkegaard's pseudonym Johannes De Silentio believe Abraham exemplifies faith?

From Fear and Trembling: All that time [Abraham] believed--he believed that God would not require Isaac of him, whereas he was willing nevertheless to sacrifice him if it was required. He ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Are there philosophers that have argued that a person can be equally happy with any life?

Are there philosophers or theologians that circumvent / solve the problem of evil in a way similar to the following? A person can ultimately be equally happy with any life, depending on how he uses ...
6
votes
5answers
198 views

What are the philosophical issues with a non-spatial, non-temporal Being creating a spatial, temporal universe?

Gerald O'Collins writes in Rethinking Fundamental Theology, p. 20: The attributes of God raise numerous questions and difficulties that deserve attention, especially from those with a ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Why would God need an independent variation of the world to allow for painless pinpricks?

Source: pp 61-62, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   We can put the issue like this. Imagine God creating the universe. How much does he have to do? ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

Alvin Plantinga's formulation of the argument is here. I'll try to summarize it as I understand it. Natural selection selects for traits that tend to lead to survival. Some true beliefs about the ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

If X cannot emerge from nothingness, must X's existence be the decision of a Creator? [closed]

Laurence Krauss wrote a book titled "A Universe from Nothing" explaining how the Universe might have began. In this book Krauss does not address why the laws of physics exist, why they have the form ...
12
votes
9answers
2k views

Does the impossibility of an infinite regress prove God exists?

I'm strictly discussing one aspect of God: God as the First Cause. I am excluding all other qualities of God defined by any religion or belief system -- including the notion of God as a sentient being....
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Can strong omnipotence be decomposed into logically possible and logically impossible aspects?

A lot of debate in the "omnipotent being" or "omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnibenevolent, etc." being debate revolves around the definition of the terms. I consider the "strong form" of ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What is the philosophical definition for Agnosticism (compared to Atheism/Theism)? [closed]

Is there an agreed upon definition for Agnosticism from a philosophical perspective? Is there a proper philosophical categorization of it compared to theism/atheim? Looking through the literature I ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Are particulars knowable?

In the 13th thesis of the Incoherence, Al-Ghazali refutes the claim of the falsafa (peripatetic) philosophers that particulars aren't knowable by the First. Is this claim made on the basis that ...
5
votes
5answers
530 views

Is the problem of evil due to a fallacy or a paradox?

Informally speaking the problem of evil is pretty straight forward. On one hand: God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. On the other hand: Evil exists in the world. This is a ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the difference between Philosophy and Theology?

In attempting to wrap my mind around the basic vocabulary, concepts, and methods of philosophy, I find myself wondering what the difference is between a philosopher and a theologian. Theology (link ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

How have philosophers from Descartes to Kant understood the soul?

Modern philosophy, beginning with Descartes, raises issues of mind-body dualism, rationalism and empiricism, idealism and materialism. Yet most modern philosophers at least through Kant continued to ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Are theology and philosophy united by metaphysics?

Ok, so 'after-physics' is little more than a fun escape for our ever questioning minds, no answer to our problems, something axiomatically lacking of evidence through experience. But theology - beyond ...
1
vote
7answers
299 views

When people say I need evidence to believe in God, what constitutes 'evidence'?

In the debate of whether or not God exists, which is often used to ridicule those that do believe in God as simple idiots who have no brains, the premise if often thrown out the there is no 'evidence.'...
5
votes
7answers
837 views

What makes a religion genuine or acceptable? [closed]

Often people take it for granted that we should allow people to believe whatever they believe and not critisise that they choose to be religious. What I am wondering is what makes a belief acceptable ...