Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
0answers
11 views

Should it be, rather than God or Nature, Nature in God?

Spinozas theology is sometimes represented by the phrase 'God or Nature'; however he specifically notes that only two attributes, of an infinity of attributes of God, are cogtnisible to us - mind and ...
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

How is Islam (as either philosophy or religion) relevant to any stage or place in general history especially to our own? [on hold]

Having insight and understanding regarding this question Thomas Aquinas wrote: Muhammad seduced the people by promises of carnal pleasure to which the concupiscence of the flesh goads us. His ...
3
votes
3answers
65 views

Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for something to be an adequate “brute fact”?

Sometimes I see atheists vs. theists discussing the notion of a "brute fact", some proposing that nature as it is is a brute fact and others proposing that God is a better candidate for a brute fact ...
1
vote
3answers
77 views

Believe in other Gods (like Odin?) [closed]

Last couple of days I wonder, why we don't believe in gods like Odin? The vikings used to believe in it. I'm watching the series of 'Vikings' so thats the reason of my question. I really like how ...
1
vote
7answers
129 views

Is there any philosophical value in “atheistic theology”

Apologies for the slightly clickbait title. I am an atheist, and I have no philosophy training at all. My questions are actually pretty simple. Are there questions in theology/religious philosophy ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Don't you think being “God-like” would be awfully boring? [closed]

If you knew everything there would be nothing left to learn. If you could do anything, there would be no challenges left to tackle. If you were everywhere at once, there would be nothing left to ...
1
vote
3answers
31 views

Does Kant distinguish different types of “pure reason”?

Does Kant distinguish different types of "pure reason"s? Viz., is there a human "pure reason," angelic "pure reason," Godly "pure reason," etc.? (cf. this comment) This comment claims "it's quite ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
1
vote
3answers
136 views

Why must objects be moved by other objects in Aquinas' First Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' First Way, the argument from motion: The first ...
2
votes
4answers
153 views

Must infinity involve repetitions?

Infinity for Nietzsche in at least one line of argument involves the eternal return; he refers to it in the Die fröhliche Wissenschaft and Also sprach Zarathustra; most completely in his Notes on the ...
0
votes
3answers
56 views

Regarding attempted proofs related to other religions

Have there been any philosophical attempted proofs of the existence of Vishnu or Brahma or of the Divinity of Buddha? What about the existence of what the Freemasons believe in or those 'Thetans' that ...
22
votes
11answers
5k views

Dawkins's rebuttal to Aquinas's “The Argument from Degree”?

Let’s move on down Aquinas’s list. 4. The Argument from Degree We notice that things in the world differ. There are degrees of, say, goodness or perfection. But we judge these ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

How does free will defense of God's benevolence work?

The purpose of the defense is to show that omniscient, omnipotent and benevolent God is consistent with the existence of evil in creation. The most popular version of the defense is due to Alvin ...
9
votes
5answers
319 views

Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
1
vote
5answers
180 views

Could Secularism or Atheism or materialism be considered a religion?

Could Secularism or Atheism or materialism be considered a religion? Any Philosophy that deals with life and people and how one interacts with all this in order to maintain some sense of a good life ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Omnipotence: nothing that God is able to bring about due to a lack of power?

Wielenberg proposes the radically different definition of omnipotence (in Omnipotence Again, 2000) x is omnipotent if and only if it is not the case that there is some state of affairs, p, such ...
3
votes
4answers
279 views

The categorical imperative vs The 'golden rule'

According to the IEP, the golden rule: The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

In all religions what ever existed there are soul and God - two intangible things. From physics we know that there is no difference between particle without eletrical charge, gravity, mass and energy ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Nietzsche - crime, sin and punishments

Deleuze in Nietzsche and Philosophy wrote: In comparison with Christianity the Greeks are children. Their way of depreciating existence, their 'nihilism', does not have the perfection of the ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

What, for Nietzsche, is a noble death?

This thread Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates? on Socrates and Jesus's death and the article that I linked to there, got me glibly wondering... In Human, All to Human, Nietzsche says that How ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Satan etc. and Nietzsche [closed]

One of Nietzsche's books is titled "antichrist", and while there is debate as to whether this rendering into english is inferior to the title "antichristian" he does explore the life of Jesus in his ...
6
votes
3answers
249 views

“Saving” Nietzsche?

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
-1
votes
3answers
101 views

What sense does Pascal's wager take on after God has died?

What would a Nietzschean wager look like? Can we imagine such a thing? I'm not asking about the eternal return (unless you can include mention of Pascal in your answer.)
5
votes
3answers
293 views

Is it possible to be truly unbiased?

I was pondering this question: Inductive Argument Against Believing Anything I his argument, the OP suggests that, in the position of choosing a system of belief where there are multiple, large ...
9
votes
14answers
511 views

Why should I believe my own conclusions?

Consider the metaphysical question of whether God exists (just as an example). There are, and have been throughout history, billions of atheists, billions of Christians, and billions of people with ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Could the universe have a self-originated source?

The universe is finite. It is constrained by laws of nature and it has a limited amount of space (even though it is expanding). When one tries to explain and understand the origins of the universe, ...
5
votes
2answers
173 views

Has the question of after-life been discussed in philosophy? [closed]

There are a lot of debates and arguments about whether a Deity exists or not. Wouldn't it be great if there were more debates about whether an after-life is 'real' or not? As Shakespeare said through ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [closed]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
7
votes
3answers
83 views

What is a miracle, and why should it influence our metaphysical beliefs?

There's a question on this site regarding what a rational person should accept as a miracle, but the question and its answers seem to take the definition and categorization (as well as consequence) of ...
14
votes
12answers
3k views

Evil thoughts without actions?

Can a thought without a corresponding action be morally wrong? More fully, under which approaches to morality do thoughts, in and of themselves, carry moral significance? In particular I'm looking ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Can an infinite be undifferentiated?

Starting in amthematics: The infinite in mathematics must be differentiated: we have the sequence - 0,1,2,3...; where each number is distinct. The same goes for infinite ordinals and cardinals. ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Kant & Intentionality

Kant is famous for subordinating reality in one aspect (the phenomenal) to consciousness via his Copernican Revolution of subordinating objects to the ground of intuition. Husserl, in his theory of ...
-2
votes
1answer
119 views

Is for God (or religion) meme to survive it is bound to turn evil?

I am somewhat sceptical about Dawkins memes (see 'The Selfish Gene'). But let's consider for the sake of argument that he is right. Now considering all the wars and other suffering caused by 'our ...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

Why does an omnipotent God allow horrible evil to flood the earth? [closed]

The most common answer here will be: evil must be allowed to have free will. This is simply not true. If we are speaking of an omnipotent God that created the entire universe and any extra dimensional ...
-1
votes
2answers
95 views

Considering the universe has a limited timespan, how would god fit into this? [closed]

Let's consider the universe to have an existence that is temporally limited (i.e., it will eventually implodes on itself or falls apart). Now, let's consider that there is a god in that universe. ...
4
votes
5answers
136 views

Is it believed by the religious that God's values change over time, along with humans'?

This is something that I have never been able to understand, so thought I would ask. It is common that, whenever we look back at previous generations and certain aspects of their lifestyle which ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

A variant on the burito microwaving God

A epistemological variant of Homer's question about whether God could microwave a burito so hot He himself could not eat it, is about whether God could know what it is like not to know everything. ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Is Not-Being identical with Nothing?

Anne-Marie Schimmel writes in Mystical dimensions of Islam Sufism comes close to it [Shankara Advaita Philosophy] in some of the forms developed by the Ibn-Arabi school. Here the Numen is ...
4
votes
2answers
103 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Purush and Platos city and soul

In the Rigveda Purush is described as: as a primeval giant that is sacrificed by the gods (see Purushamedha) and from whose body the world and the varnas (classes) are built. He is described as ...
0
votes
4answers
135 views

The selfless gene

Richard Dawkins, in a fine bit of rhetoric in his book the selfish gene, asserts that from one perspective, that our bodies are merely the means by which genes reproduce themselves. We are mortal, but ...
4
votes
5answers
269 views

Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian & Islamic thought the universe is created, and this is taken that the universe had a definite beginning; philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we to ...
3
votes
5answers
130 views

Believing in god is same as not believing in yourself [closed]

This question might seem like an atheistic.. When a young kid prays to god for better exam score , doesn't that mean he knows he not going to score good so he forces himself to believe that some ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Can a time-travel paradox prove self sustaining universe?

I was thinking this is more a philosophical question and not regarding the physics. Can a time-travel paradox prove self sustaining universe? Let's say, I create a time machine where I can send the ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

If God had a bachelor's degree [closed]

stupid question... but what do you think it would be? at first I thought business/management (ceo of the universe), but then I thought an engineer would be more appropiate (creator of an automated ...
6
votes
4answers
404 views

Why have philosophers historically defined God as omni-benevolent?

Whenever I read philosophy throughout history regarding God, I notice something I have issue with: Philosophers in most cases define god to be omnipotent, omniscient, and omni-benevolent. The first ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is the essence of Descartes Riddle?

In Descartes philosophy Mind & Matter are two substances which he then found difficult explain how they affected each other. This, on the face of it seems wrong. Conventionally, one supposes one ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Could someone expound upon this comment by Alvin Plantinga?

I'm reading "The Free Will Defense" by Alvin Plantinga and he makes the comment that Martin Luther and Descartes thought that God's power is unlimited even by the laws of logic. He doesn't further ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

Nothing, God & Physical law

Mary-Jane Rubenstein writes in Cosmic Singularities At first blush, Hawking’s and Mlodinow’s “nothing” seems even more of a nothing than the church fathers’ nothing. For whereas Irenaeus’ and ...