Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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Is moral value innate, or just non-accidental?

I was wondering if no moral value need be innate. Can moral value exist and be extrinsic: but the value still be genuinely a moral one on the grounds it's non-contingent or non-accidental? ...
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Concept of a future god

Quentin Meillassoux, Richard Kearney, and perhaps others have theorized about a God that has not existed in the past, does not presently exist, but may exist in the future, based on an ontology of ...
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In idealism, how can you prove that God is the One who created the Universe?

In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. ...
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What distinguishes between saguna and nirguna Brahman?

Not knowing any Sanskrit, but knowing a little philosophy and some Bengali I'd translate nirguna as nir-guna (no qualities); and this in the phrase: nirguna Brahman A term used in several places ...
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111 views

What's the significance of 'Om' in Indian philosophy?

I recall reading somewhere that Om has a certain significance in Indian philosophy; is this due to it being the first vowel in the Sanskrit alphabet (which in Sanskrit is also the first letter, as all ...
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71 views

is communism a religion?

In Arendts What is Authority she writes: A convenient instance may be provided by the widespread conviction in the free world today that communism is a 'new religion'; notwithstanding its avowed ...
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29 views

How does animi describe mind?

St Augustine remarked: sedis animi est in memoria Hannah Arendt translates this as: The seat of the mind is memory The Descartian division between mind and body is so pervasive, that one ...
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45 views

Why is Being not a genus?

Aquinas wrote: Being is not a genus, since it is not predicated univocally, but analogically Genus is a term that is used in Aristotles Organon; as is predicate and I think univocal and analogy. ...
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65 views

The problem of Evil and free will

The Problem of Evil is a problem in philosophy that deals with the existence of God and at the same time the existence of the Evil (see the link for further information). Now one "resolution" of the ...
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98 views

Descartes's Third Meditation

Descartes's third meditation, which sets out to prove the existence of God from previous considerations, confuses me greatly. Descartes appears to be trying to make an argument that the source must ...
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45 views

Descartes's “cogito” as a continuation rather than a break

Descartes axiom is cogito ergo sum - I think therefore I am; and in one view inaugurated a break in European Philosophy towards modernity by propelling it towards a self-conscious rationalism, to ...
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62 views

Is there a suppressed premise in Anselm's Ontological Argument?

Source: 5 minutes 20 seconds juncture; Lecture 1, Video 4 (transcription); MITx: 24.00x Introduction to Philosophy; by MIT Associate Prof Caspar Hare PhD (Princeton) [...] Suppose God existed in ...
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193 views

What confirms the claim that Friedrich Nietzsche was an atheist from a christian perspective?

In reading some of Nietzsche's works, his disappointment with humanity and God is evident to me. But so far I haven't seen any text by him where he explicitly endorses atheism. At the same time, many ...
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26 views

Can omnibenevolence be seen as a limit to omnipotence? [duplicate]

The existence of evil seems almost to be an arbitrary step in the problem of evil. This is because an omnibenevolent being cannot have the capacity to act malevolently, which an omnipotent being must ...
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71 views

What does 1 John, 4:19. imply?

1 John 4:19 , "so you see, our love for Him comes as a result of His loving us first." Does the above Biblical Scripture imply through Modus Tollens what I think it does? That is, If God loved us ...
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59 views

Connection between Kant's defense of the belief in God and Kant's categories?

Kant states in the Critique of Pure Reason (English translation) that Thus the entire armament of reason, in the undertaking that one can call pure philosophy, is in fact directed only at the ...
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95 views

How can my religious views be classified?

I was wondering if there's a name for my religious views. I'm pretty sure it would be some form of agnosticism. I would say: It would be logical that there exists one or more entities we can ...
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121 views

How do theologians and apologists justify the exclusiveness of their specific belief system w/r to similar but distinct belief systems?

There are several arguments for the existence of God. Whether you agree with them or not, all of these arguments argue only for the existence of a supreme being/first cause. None of them provide ...
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133 views

Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
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Does God believe in God? [closed]

Let's assume a God exists. So, does God believe in God? And if he does - in which one? I think that's not easy to tell - answering seems to require reasoning about objects in the domain of God. ...
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Is God subject to logic?

If someone claims that God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic ? (as we lose all the methods to know whether the claim is true or not?) Logic is the use and study of valid ...
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373 views

Fallacious: “God does not exist. Therefore, the argument for God's existence is not sound”?

The apologetic claims the argument is logically valid by modus tollens. The somewhat detailed version is: Premise 1. If Argument A for God's existence is sound, then God exists. Premise 2. But ...
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133 views

How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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Has there been an 'anthropological' study of the Christian Theology? [closed]

In Catholicism, as an outsider, as such one is immediately struck by the notion of the Trinity - the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, Mary the Mother of God and the immense overflowing panoply of ...
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What is the meaning of the Trinity in Catholicism? [closed]

In Mertons Seven Storey Mountain, his auto-biography from a man of the world to Trappist monk, he goes over in brief the notion of the Trinity in Catholicism in the penultimate chapter for the baptism ...
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92 views

Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil [closed]

Why is the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil forbidden by G-d in Genesis?
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23 views

I and Thou, Martin Buber and Carl Rodgers

Rodgers seems to have taken up Buber's semantics to the level of the Self and the Transcendent, the impenetrable mystery of each particular expression of human nature in its most humble state. The I ...
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167 views

What does a justified disbelief in theism imply?

If one can justify disbelief in theism, what repercussions does this have on the monotheistic faiths? Is justifying disbelief in theism enough to warrant disbelief in Islam, Christianity and Judaism, ...
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157 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which ...
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44 views

What's the force of Leibniz' worry in “The Ultimate Origin of Things”?

In "The Ultimate Origin of Things," Leibniz' motivates his claim that nothing in the world could be the ultimate reason for things by asserting that We can’t find in any individual ...
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Is there a poset based/category theoretical definition of God?

As a current atheist, who was a former theist, I feel that God is not a logically incoherent concept. However, many definitions of God, especially those that involve omnipotence, omniscience etc. are ...
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525 views

Belief in God in the context of modern science

My question is this: How can someone living in such a world and age possibly believe in God? To elaborate, I think I understand where religion and the belief in supernatural stems from. It was our ...
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33 views

Where does Kant say that we are unable to understand God on the basis on his representation in the bible?

I believe the passage I am looking for comes from Critique of Pure Reason. He says something to the effect that we are unable to understand how the representation of God can be both both totally ...
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120 views

Where does Derrida say that deconstruction and the existence of or belief in God are incompatible?

I am searching for a text I've since lost that I believe is a transcription of a conversation between someone and Derrida. The context may have been Heidegger's particular conception of philosophy and ...
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191 views

A supposedly new argument for the existence of God?

I am new to this SE so apologies if this question is improper. I have come across a supposedly new argument for the existence of God, I would be interested in hearing your opinions. (If my question ...
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Is an infinity of possibilities is not possible when God is involved?

Within an infinity of possibilities there is a possibility that God exists in all possibilities just as much as there is a possibility that God exists in none of them. This leads to a contradiction. ...
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What do necessity and possibility mean in Aquinas' Third Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' Third Way, the argument from contigency: The ...
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If God existed, but there were no afterlife, would anybody obey? [closed]

I'm wondering how much religious striving and effort at following God's word is due to the fact that there is usually some sort of eternal carrot and stick waiting for us at our demise? What if we ...
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Should it be, rather than God or Nature, Nature in God?

Spinozas theology is sometimes represented by the phrase 'God or Nature'; however he specifically notes that only two attributes, of an infinity of attributes of God, are cogtnisible to us - mind and ...
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Is the last man a christian and if so what sort [closed]

Here are two possible examples: A I can't think of much more mediocre, personally for me, than a lapsed Christian that expects God's sacrifice to save them. Let us call this a "christian nihilist" ...
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Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
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What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for something to be an adequate “brute fact”?

Sometimes I see atheists vs. theists discussing the notion of a "brute fact", some proposing that nature as it is is a brute fact and others proposing that God is a better candidate for a brute fact ...
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Believe in other Gods (like Odin?) [closed]

Last couple of days I wonder, why we don't believe in gods like Odin? The vikings used to believe in it. I'm watching the series of 'Vikings' so thats the reason of my question. I really like how ...
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261 views

Is there any philosophical value in “atheistic theology”

Apologies for the slightly clickbait title. I am an atheist, and I have no philosophy training at all. My questions are actually pretty simple. Are there questions in theology/religious philosophy ...
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141 views

Don't you think being “God-like” would be awfully boring? [closed]

If you knew everything there would be nothing left to learn. If you could do anything, there would be no challenges left to tackle. If you were everywhere at once, there would be nothing left to ...
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Does Kant distinguish different types of “pure reason”?

Does Kant distinguish different types of "pure reason"s? Viz., is there a human "pure reason," angelic "pure reason," Godly "pure reason," etc.? (cf. this comment) This comment claims "it's quite ...
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What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings?

What does Kant think about non-corporeal, intelligent beings (i.e., angels)?
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Why must objects be moved by other objects in Aquinas' First Way argument for God?

In his famous Summa Theologica, the Scholastic theologian Thomas Aquinas presents Five Ways to demonstrate the existence of God. Here is Aquinas' First Way, the argument from motion: The first ...
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Must infinity involve repetitions?

Infinity for Nietzsche in at least one line of argument involves the eternal return; he refers to it in the Die fröhliche Wissenschaft and Also sprach Zarathustra; most completely in his Notes on the ...
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Regarding attempted proofs related to other religions

Have there been any philosophical attempted proofs of the existence of Vishnu or Brahma or of the Divinity of Buddha? What about the existence of what the Freemasons believe in or those 'Thetans' that ...