Theology is the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.

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What is process eschatology? [migrated]

I'm looking for a concise bullet point breakdown :) And some things specific to Christian Process eschatology. I have lots of books and articles with lots of information but am looking for a small ...
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How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
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What is the most common (or best) answer provided by religious figures/advocates about the purpose of unfair pain and sickness in the world

I have watched many youtube videos and engaged in many discussion with friends about the premises leading to the existence/not existence of God.. I usually see advocates of religion (usually abrahamic ...
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How would you know if nonobservable entities exist?

Nonphysical entities cannot be observed. Therefore such entities cannot be verified by observation. How could statements like "God exists" be even considered true? Why would anyone appeal to the ...
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If something can create a paradox, that something cannot exist, can that be used to disprove God?

Is it correct to assume that if something can create a paradox, this something itself cannot exist nor be created? That sounds logical, because a paradox leads to a senseless conclusion, it's ...
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49 views

How does Spinoza support the argument that there is a match between ideas and physical objects?

Spinoza argues that if God exists, He is a single continuous substance that constitutes all of reality. How does this argument go, and how does Spinoza use it to support the conclusion that there is ...
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146 views

is God good, or God is the good?

When I was a Muslim I believed God is the source of goodness. When I quit, one of the most frequent questions that I think about and I couldn't find an answer for is If we say God is good, that ...
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265 views

Is Philosophy about living?

I read some arguments in this forum about Western vs Eastern viewpoints. And about the idea that modern-Western thought applies Science principles and eastern, being older merely applies a more ...
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41 views

Is god just a matter of interpretation?

The common definition of god is that he is all knowing and all powerful, yet he has a personality (merciful etc.), but in my mind those two things conflict with eachother. First off he is all knowing ...
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26 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
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40 views

How do Christians decide which biblical laws to retain and which to discard? [closed]

The Christian Bible contains a wide variety of laws and guidance covering a substantial range of topics. Modern Christians do not attempt to follow all of the laws and teaching. Some points are ...
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Is there a metaphysics or theology positing a mutable soul? [closed]

Definition of "Soul" from Britannica: Soul, in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be ...
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Thinking about not existing [closed]

Whenever I see pictures of our universe, I always try to think about not existing. Recently I found this website and started thinking about it. Usually what when we talk about this, we imagine a void, ...
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142 views

Is the “final cause” argument for God decisive?

I've heard a rule that said every thing has a reason, and the main reason (which is God) hasn't been caused by any other reason. I've heard this at school, in my family, everywhere, but is it ...
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49 views

Which contemporary philosophers explicitly engage with Nietzsche's statement that “God is dead”?

Which contemporary theorists, especially of art or poetry, explicitly and deliberately engage with Nietzsche's statement that "God is dead"? Obviously Nietzsche has had a huge influence on post / ...
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98 views

Why does Kierkegaard's pseudonym Johannes De Silentio believe Abraham exemplifies faith?

From Fear and Trembling: All that time [Abraham] believed--he believed that God would not require Isaac of him, whereas he was willing nevertheless to sacrifice him if it was required. He ...
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Are there philosophers that have argued that a person can be equally happy with any life?

Are there philosophers or theologians that circumvent / solve the problem of evil in a way similar to the following? A person can ultimately be equally happy with any life, depending on how he uses ...
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What are the philosophical issues with a non-spatial, non-temporal Being creating a spatial, temporal universe?

Gerald O'Collins writes in Rethinking Fundamental Theology, p. 20: The attributes of God raise numerous questions and difficulties that deserve attention, especially from those with a ...
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Why would God need an independent variation of the world to allow for painless pinpricks?

Source: pp 61-62, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn   We can put the issue like this. Imagine God creating the universe. How much does he have to do? ...
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What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

Alvin Plantinga's formulation of the argument is here. I'll try to summarize it as I understand it. Natural selection selects for traits that tend to lead to survival. Some true beliefs about the ...
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127 views

If X cannot emerge from nothingness, must X's existence be the decision of a Creator? [closed]

Laurence Krauss wrote a book titled "A Universe from Nothing" explaining how the Universe might have began. In this book Krauss does not address why the laws of physics exist, why they have the form ...
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Does the impossibility of an infinite regress prove God exists?

I'm strictly discussing one aspect of God: God as the First Cause. I am excluding all other qualities of God defined by any religion or belief system -- including the notion of God as a sentient ...
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Can strong omnipotence be decomposed into “able to do all logically possible things” and “able to do all logically impossible things”?

A lot of debate in the "omnipotent being" or "omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnibenevolent, etc." being debate revolves around the definition of the terms. I consider the "strong form" of ...
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50 views

What is the philosophical definition for Agnosticism (compared to Atheism/Theism)? [closed]

Is there an agreed upon definition for Agnosticism from a philosophical perspective? Is there a proper philosophical categorization of it compared to theism/atheim? Looking through the literature I ...
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45 views

Are particulars knowable?

In the 13th thesis of the Incoherence, Al-Ghazali refutes the claim of the falsafa (peripatetic) philosophers that particulars aren't knowable by the First. Is this claim made on the basis that ...
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Is the problem of evil due to a fallacy or a paradox?

Informally speaking the problem of evil is pretty straight forward. On one hand: God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. On the other hand: Evil exists in the world. This is a ...
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What is the difference between Philosophy and Theology?

In attempting to wrap my mind around the basic vocabulary, concepts, and methods of philosophy, I find myself wondering what the difference is between a philosopher and a theologian. Theology (link ...
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How have philosophers from Descartes to Kant understood the soul?

Modern philosophy, beginning with Descartes, raises issues of mind-body dualism, rationalism and empiricism, idealism and materialism. Yet most modern philosophers at least through Kant continued to ...
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31 views

Are theology and philosophy united by metaphysics?

Ok, so 'after-physics' is little more than a fun escape for our ever questioning minds, no answer to our problems, something axiomatically lacking of evidence through experience. But theology - beyond ...
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268 views

When people say I need evidence to believe in God, what constitutes 'evidence'?

In the debate of whether or not God exists, which is often used to ridicule those that do believe in God as simple idiots who have no brains, the premise if often thrown out the there is no ...
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701 views

What makes a religion genuine or acceptable? [closed]

Often people take it for granted that we should allow people to believe whatever they believe and not critisise that they choose to be religious. What I am wondering is what makes a belief acceptable ...
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92 views

How can a Computer Engineer give up material needs and become Spiritual? [closed]

What do the Vedas and Bhagavad Gita ask to do when someone wants to devote himself completely to God and can give away material success and happiness for it? If so, how can the person earn a living ...
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Why does Pascal say “it is through their lack of proofs that they show they are not lacking in sense”?

According to Pascal. They declare, when they expound it to the world, that it is foolishness (stultitiam); and then you complain because they do not prove it! If they proved it, they would not ...
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What is the point of creating for an omniscient being?

I read a book about determinism and free will that argued an all knowing / all powerful God and free will are incompatible, because if God knows our future then our actions are determined, hence no ...
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Why Does Camus Maintain That Men Can't Have Freedom Under An All-Powerful God?

I am quoting here something from The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camus: The problem of 'freedom as such' has no meaning. For it is linked in quite a different way with the problem of God. The ...
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Isn't anti razor as valid as Occam razor in explaining the Universe and things in it? [closed]

I give an example where this question is important: There are 2 explanations of how the Universe came into existence: The Universe come out of nothing or something similar to nothing like quantum ...
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Is science possible in a world where a god acts?

Consider a world equipped with a god; and this god from time to time at his convenience and no other, acts in the world; and then too, that those beings who live in the world see these acts as ...
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74 views

Besides the Cartesian Circle, what flaws are there in Descartes' use of God

Apart from the circular argument in meditations III where he states that he has a clear distinct idea of god therefore he must exist and that since god exists and he is not a deceiver he can make ...
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106 views

How does Descartes use god in his Meditations?

How does Descartes use god to avoid answering certain questions directly?
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Kant's need of God [closed]

My main issue is not the understanding of the text in question, it really is a question about his conception in general: Kant defends the idea of God by hypothising a "supreme (original) good", ...
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Is evidence for the “big bang” superior to evidence for “god”?

The question needs little elaboration. Perhaps the big bang could be called an "event in spacetime," yet it is also prior to spacetime. God too is described as "causa sui," with no "before." Neither ...
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Is there a list of philosophers grouped by their religion?

My knowledge on the subject is limited and by no means do I claim that my observation is representative of the actual trend but most philosophers whose works I care about reading are somewhere between ...
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125 views

Does Meillassoux's concept of a future god have any precedents?

Quentin Meillassoux, Richard Kearney, and perhaps others have theorized about a God that has not existed in the past, does not presently exist, but may exist in the future, based on an ontology of ...
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221 views

In idealism, how can you prove that God is the One who created the Universe?

In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial. ...
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449 views

What distinguishes between saguna and nirguna Brahman?

Not knowing any Sanskrit, but knowing a little philosophy and some Bengali I'd translate nirguna as nir-guna (no qualities); and this in the phrase: nirguna Brahman A term used in several places ...
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159 views

What's the significance of 'Om' in Indian philosophy?

I recall reading somewhere that Om has a certain significance in Indian philosophy; is this due to it being the first vowel in the Sanskrit alphabet (which in Sanskrit is also the first letter, as all ...
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157 views

is communism a religion?

In Arendts What is Authority she writes: A convenient instance may be provided by the widespread conviction in the free world today that communism is a 'new religion'; notwithstanding its avowed ...
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How does animi describe mind?

St Augustine remarked: sedis animi est in memoria Hannah Arendt translates this as: The seat of the mind is memory The Descartian division between mind and body is so pervasive, that one ...
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Why is Being not a genus?

Aquinas wrote: Being is not a genus, since it is not predicated univocally, but analogically Genus is a term that is used in Aristotles Organon; as is predicate and I think univocal and analogy. ...
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How does Descartes determine that the idea of God has more objective reality than finite substance?

Descartes's third meditation, which sets out to prove the existence of God from previous considerations, confuses me greatly. Descartes appears to be trying to make an argument that the source must ...