Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher, professor in philosophy at the University of Cambridge (1939-1947). He worked in foundations of mathematics and on mathematical logic, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. He played a central, if ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
27 views

Writing style of Philosophical Investigations

I have just begun reading Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations (Anscombe, Hacker, Schulte translation) for the first time (also my first Wittgenstein), and noticed that his repetition of ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What does later Wittgenstein and earlier Wittgenstein have in common?

Wittgenstein, while previously advocating a picture theory of semantics, later came to revoke his support of this position. But did Wittgenstein still hold on to certain ideas of his old school? ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the significance of Wittgenstein's discussion of sensations before the private language argument?

In Philosophical Investigations 244-254, before talking about private signs, Wittgenstein is talking about sensations. He seems to divide this section into addressing in what way words refer to ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

What happens when something becomes familiar to us?

Lately I've been pre-ocuppied with this question, which frankly makes me look at my surroundings in a fresh way. (I am mainly concerned with objects at the moment, but I think there can be a lot of ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Did Wittgenstein consider the possibility of a language that was token-private?

Wittgenstein criticized the idea that there could be a meaningful language that was only known in principle by one person. His insights have often been used to disregard the idea of private mental ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Wittgenstein's opinion that language must be public: How was this innovative and not already obvious?

Source: p 206, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; not 2012 Reprint ed.) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy.   It may seem obvious to you that when you are in pain and you speak about it ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

What is the difference between propositional sign and proposition in Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

While explaining the problem of what philosophy is according to Wittgenstein's Tractatus, Frank P. Ramsey says: a propositional sign is clear insofar as the internal properties of its sense are ...
9
votes
1answer
100 views

Do Wittgenstein and Quine give the same criticisms of semantics?

What is the connection between the criticisms offered by Wittgenstein and Quine of meaning and language? Are both philosophers generally criticizing the same semantic theories with similar arguments, ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Does later Wittgenstein think that the pragmatic test for meaning is a determinant of semantic content to the exclusion of any other determinant?

Wittgenstein originally put forward the 'picture theory of meaning', which propagated that a given sentence or word is meaningful insofar as it corresponds to a fact or 'picture' of the world. The ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Why should we consider Wittgenstein a Schopenhauerian idealist?

About the Tractatus, while explaining the similarities and differences between Wittgenstein and Kant with regard to the metaphysics, on the one hand (both track limits, according to which we cannot ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Did Frege criticize the style of the Tractatus?

Wittgenstein's Tractatus appears to have a singular style (526 sections numbered and organized in decimal under headings 1 to 7). It's also very concise. And the stylistic side is not envisaged by ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Wittgenstein and Picturing Relationships

I've been listening to BBC's "In Our Time" on Wittgenstein here, but I can't seem to understand why Wittgenstein thought that "a proposition can't picture the pictorial relationship." One of the ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

which problem Russell is focusing on while providing a solution, in his introduction to the Tractatus?

In the final part of his introduction to the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus, Russell provides a possible solution to the problem of the impossibility of self-reference of logic: There is one ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Why may I considere Wittgenstein a Kantian thinker with regard to metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is a Kantian philosopher as far as the structure of the Tractatus, as far as the last part (section 6 and comments) are concerned with: that I cannot speak about the subject in the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Are propositions of sciences to be considered propositions of natural language, in the Tractatus?

Given the following assumptions: 1) When Wittgenstein speaks about meaningful propositions he does refer to propositions of natural sciences. 2) About the problem of the perfection of language, he ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

can a vague sentence be considered meaningful in the Tractatus?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein draws a demarcation among meaningful sentences (1), the meaningless propositions of logic (2: sinnlos sätze) and nonsensical propositions (3: unsinnig sätze). 1) ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How Russell and Ramsey misunderstood Wittgenstein with regard to the problem of the perfection of language?

In the Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus there is a tension between the aim of achieving a language perfectly ordered, with regard to natural language, and the evidence that the latter is not really ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Can I use “nomothetic” to refer to the calculus correctness perspective in the Tractatus?

I'm doing a comparison between the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus and the Philosophical Investications. I want to remark the difference between the solid formal edifice built in the former, in ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Which is the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt in the Tractatus?

As far as I know, When Russell asked to Wittgenstein to tell him the difference between Sache and Sachverhalt, Wittgenstein answered that "Sachverhalt" is what corresponds to an elementar sätze (an ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Where can I find a correlation to Russell's epistemology in the Tractatus?

According to the Structure of the Tractatus, there is: 1) the ontology at the beginning; 2) "a discussion to what Russell calls epistemology, but it is actually the foundation of possible knowledge ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Why “philosophy never ends” for the tractarian Wittgenstein?

In the Prototractatus Wittgenstein wrote an additional section (called 6.55) which is seen as a possible third solution to the matter of building a perfect system of logic. This conclusion was ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

In which sense Wittgenstein criticizes Schopenhauer's WILL?

In the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, the section 6.53 may be treated as "a criticism of Schopenhauer's Will". As far as I understood there is also another concept involved: the russellian idea that ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What does bedeutung refer to in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus?

Given that the literal translation of the german word bedeutung is "sense", what does it refer to in the semantics of the tractarian Wittgenstein, among these options? the meaning of the subatomic ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Can Wittgenstein's critique of private language be turned against (modernized) Kant?

Wittgenstein argued, roughly, that a language has to be learned, and to be learned it has to be used first. Therefore, no private language. But if language has to be learned what then are the a priori ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

How does Wittgenstein's argument against recognizing private sensations work?

Wittgenstein writes in his Philosophical Investigations in paragraph 270: Let us imagine a use for the entry of the sign "S" in my diary. I discover that whenever I have a particular sensation a ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Is it possible to use Wittgenstein's family resemblance to separate high art from commercial art?

In a previous post, I asked whether it is possible to objectively compare the quality and validity of different pieces and forms of art. In the responses I got the overall response is that there is no ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

When 'I' is used as a subject, why do we disuse 'I' and so create an illusion?

Caution: I probably quoted overmuch; please feel free to omit the first few paragraphs and advise what can be omitted. Source: pp 137-138 , Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Relationship between Kant and Wittgenstein [closed]

Anyone run into a good book or essay relating (discussing the arguable relationship between) Kant's embedding our 'conceptual scheme' (for lack of a better term for "the way we think", or what we ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Logical Atomism's long term effect on modern culture?

Wittgenstein and Russell both moved away from Logical Atomism, and it is generally considered to have failed as a theory of how language connects to truth. However, as an IT person, when I first ...
4
votes
6answers
114 views

For Wittgenstein, What is the relation if there any between a linguistic entity and things in the world?

Ludwig Wittgenstein said: The difficulty of my theory of logical portrayal was that of finding a connection between the signs on paper and a situation outside in the world. I always said that ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Wittgenstein on names and paradigms [closed]

This is in a way a followup to the question on Wittgenstein's standard metre of Paris, which is part of his discussion on names in language. In philosophical investigations §55, Wittgenstein says: ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

Why does Wittgenstein say Schopenhauer has a crude mind?

"Schopenhauer has got quite a crude mind. Where real depth begins, his ends." What does Wittgenstein mean by this?
5
votes
3answers
778 views

How long is the standard meter?

In the Philosophical Investigations §50, Wittgenstein writes: There is one thing of which one can say neither that it is one metre long, nor that it is not one metre long, and that is the ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Definition of “language” in private language arguments

What is a sensible definition of the term language to use when interpreting private language arguments in general (if possible), or Wittgenstein in particular? Conversely, is rejecting the idea of ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

Why private language is an incoherent idea?

The fact that I have no problem imagining a private language probably implies that I don't understand the notion of private language. My understanding is private language is a language understandable ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

The preface of Wittgenstein's Tractatus

The Preface to the Tractatus begins: This book will perhaps only be understood by those who have themselves already thought the thoughts which are expressed in it—or similar thoughts The ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

What is the objective of philosophy according to the late Wittgenstein?

Wittgenstein early metaphilosophy in the TLP basically gives philosophy the role of "riddler solver", that is, a discipline whose main task is to study language in order to clarify the meaning of ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

What are the objections to the picture theory of language?

The title says it all. I am just interested to explore the objections briefly. I'll really appreciate if all is explained in layman's term and suggestion to helpful material is also welcome.
7
votes
2answers
239 views

Is “propositions of logic are tautologies” (Wittgenstein) literal or mystical?

At 6.1 in the Tractatus, Wittgenstein says, "The propositions of logic are tautologies." When he says this, is he referring to the fact that the axioms of propositional logic as presented, for ...
2
votes
3answers
122 views

Wittgenstein and Husserl

If Wittgenstein's Tractatus is right that: He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly. (TLP 6.54). and Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. (TLP 7). ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Board’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

What does disposition mean in dispositional theory of meaning?

In discussion about rule-following and sceptical paradox, there is one solution called dispositional theory of meaning, which says, that if we are disposed to use a symbol + to denote addition, then ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

What do Montaigne, Paine, and Wittgenstein have in common?

What do philosophers Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592), Thomas Paine (1736-1809), and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) have in common? I found this question scribbled in the margin of a library ...
5
votes
3answers
298 views

Do mainstream philosophers believe that Wittgenstein “solved” philosophy?

After finishing his first work, Wittgenstein left philosophy, thinking that he "solved" all philosophical questions. He is now considered one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century, if ...
3
votes
4answers
370 views

Is philosophy meaningless?

*By meaningless I mean undefined, and by meaning I mean definition. As a student of philosophy, I, like the general public, thought that my difficulty in understanding the concepts of philosophy is ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Did Bertrand Russell ever call his work in logic a failure?

In Logicomix page 272, the fictional Russell said "...despite the failure of my own work in logic..." As far as I know, Russell never threw in the towel. Gödel's sentence is nonsense (neither ...
7
votes
1answer
230 views

Was Wittgenstein anticipating Gödel?

The Tractatus 6.123: 6.123 Clearly the laws of logic cannot in their turn be subject to laws of logic. (There is not, as Russell thought, a special law of contradiction for each 'type'; one law ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Is anything known about the content of Sraffa's critique of Wittgenstein's Philosophy?

in the preface to Wittgensteins Philosophical Investigations he says: For since beginning to occupy myself with philosophy sixteen years ago I have been forced to recognise grave mistakes in what ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

What is the difference between the illogical and the nonsensical?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein mentions the following: "3.03 Thought can never be of anything illogical, since, if it were, we should have to think illogically." "3.032 It is as impossible to ...
5
votes
4answers
237 views

How do modern metaphysicians respond to Kant and Wittgenstein?

As far as I've understood, Kant argued that metaphysical knowledge is impossible because the human mind is not capable enough to acquire it. Wittgenstein, on the other hand, claimed that metaphysical ...