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the study of formal systems of reasoning, especially of the deductive variety. It is one of the few fundamental philosophical subdisciplines, along with metaphysics, ontology and aesthetics…
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a branch of philosophy dealing with questions of morality, including justice, virtue and vice, and good and evil
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the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.
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for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method
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a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the essence of things, of the fundamental nature of being and the world and the principles that organize the universe. Metaphysics is su…
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Philosophy of mathematics asks questions about mathematical theories and practices. It can include questions about the nature or reality of numbers, the ground and limits of formal systems and the nat…
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should be used when the question is asking for specific references.
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a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, partic…
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Immanuel Kant was a German Enlightement philosopher.
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the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. Issues specifically related to history of philosophy might include (but are not limited to): How can changes in…
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the study of the nature of being, existence or reality as such, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.
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the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; the study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.
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Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.
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for philosophical questions concerning the nature, origins, and usage of natural language
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The study of terms and their use.
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errors in the logic or reasoning of an argument that result in a misconception or presumption
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a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious …
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Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely…
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The construction, deconstruction and presentation of arguments for a position;
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Consciousness, and related notions like sentience and self-awareness, denote the capacity of certain organisms to express recognition of their own presence in the world.
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a familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, or skills acquired through experience or education.
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Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher and poet. Nietzsche is consistently one of the most widely-read philosophers, even among laymen; yet his work is often elliptical, even cryptic…
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Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western worl…
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more physics and less philosophy, consider asking it on Physics.SE (possibly with the soft-question tag).
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for questions concerning the freedom of choice of rational agents (often as opposed to determinism)
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Ontological and metaphysical questions about the study of existence, being and the structure of reality.
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a type of formal logic primarily developed in the 1960s that extends classical propositional and predicate logic to include operators expressing modality
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Truth has long been a central subject in philosophy. Theories of truth deal with questions such as what truths are, what makes them true and what is the nature of the relation between them.
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Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher, professor in philosophy at the University of Cambridge (1939-1947). He worked in foundations of mathematics and on m…
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an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviours.
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the philosophical study of philosophy itself — its goals, methods, scope, and relationship to other intellectual disciplines or human projects.
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a chain of reasoning using rules of inference, ultimately based on a set of axioms, that lead to a conclusion.
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the study of the beautiful. It is one of the classical sub-disciplines of philosophy.
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The term `continental philosophy` refers to the trends of philosophy prevalent in the European continent, particularly in 19th-20th century France and Germany. Philosophical ideas that fall beneath th…
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Questions related to René Descartes (31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650)