Community Digest

Top new questions this week:

Did Quine ever respond to the major criticisms of Two Dogmas?

I'm specifically thinking about Grice and Strawson's paper "In Defense of a Dogma" and Putnam's paper "Two Dogmas Revisited". Both raise major issues with the content of Quine's "Two Dogmas of ...

empiricism quine analytic-synthetic-divide hilary-putnam  
asked by ShouldProbablyKnowTheAnswer 3 votes
answered by gonzo 1 vote

Does utilitarianism demand a 5 mph speed limit?

Ok, so a bit of forewarning: this is going to delve into current events a little bit (not too much though). I was having a discussion with someone about the response to the recent pandemic and I said ...

ethics utilitarianism  
asked by Robotic_Cow 2 votes
answered by Max Wallace 4 votes

The concept of nature in the Greek philosophy

My question is: Is it possible to point to a development in the concept of "nature" in the period between pre-Socratic philosophers and Aristotle (inclusive)? Thank you very much.

aristotle plato socrates ancient-philosophy greeks  
asked by fic fic 2 votes
answered by Chris Degnen 1 vote

Two dogmas of empiricism - logical vs analytic truths... is there really a distinction?

A link to the paper is here: https://www.theologie.uzh.ch/dam/jcr:ffffffff-fbd6-1538-0000-000070cf64bc/Quine51.pdf So in the paper Quine gives two types of analytic statements: No unmarried man is ...

quine analytic-synthetic-divide  
asked by Ameet Sharma 2 votes

What's more fundamental than logic and mathematics?

I just studied some basic abstract algebra, and it opened up my eyes into concepts more fundamental than found in Boolean algebra and elementary algebra, showing deeper insights about them both. Is ...

logic philosophy-of-mathematics  
asked by csp2018 1 vote
answered by Speakpigeon 0 votes

Methods for telling how another creature is feeling

Assuming that there are different "beings" in this world, and that those beings have something like "emotions" (those are two big pills to swallow, I know), how do you tell whether a particular being ...

epistemology mind-body emotions theory-of-mind  
asked by Pro Q 1 vote
answered by Guy Inchbald 3 votes

Why does Kant think we cannot perceive reality?

Direct realism says that we perceive worldly objects. Kant's view seems to say we do not perceive worldly objects. What we perceive are appearances, not the things themselves. What are his reasons for ...

kant perception  
asked by Banana in a vat 1 vote
answered by Ray LittleRock 3 votes

Greatest hits from previous weeks:

How empiricism and positivism is distinguished? What's their differences?

According to Wikipedia, Empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along ...

empiricism positivism  
asked by Sumit Roy 11 votes
answered by iman 5 votes

What fallacy is assuming something is the case because of past events

I'm sure this is a simple question. What I am referring to is disbelieving someone on Day 20 because they have lied every day previous to Day 20. Another example is the boy who cried wolf. The 50th ...

logic fallacies argumentation induction  
asked by Zebrafish 14 votes
answered by Jishin Noben 33 votes

Why don't fair coin tosses "add up"? Or... is "gambler's fallacy" really valid?

I have always been perplexed by a seeming paradox in probability that I'm sure has some simple, well-known explanation. We say that a "fair coin" or whatever has "no memory." At each toss the odds ...

philosophy-of-mathematics probability  
asked by Nelson Alexander 107 votes
answered by Bumble 111 votes

What is the meaning of "predicate" in this definition?

I have trouble understanding the article on existence in this Philosophy dictionary. Instantiation in reality, or actual being. Kant pointed out that existence is not a predicate. What is the ...

logic terminology existence  
asked by saber tabatabaee yazdi 7 votes
answered by quis est ille 5 votes

Are we living in a simulation? The evidence

I am not questioning whether the simulation topic is outside science. I am asking what evidence there is or could be to resolve whether we are or not. Living in a simulation has been a topic for ...

ontology simulated-universe  
asked by CriglCragl 27 votes

Example of an unsound argument with true premise and true conclusions

I'm doing an introductory undergraduate course on philosophy. I was reading an introduction to what argument is and what kinds of arguments there are when I came across this. 'Soundness: An argument ...

argumentation soundness  
asked by user140161 4 votes
answered by Eliran 12 votes

How does one know one is not dreaming?

How does one know one is not dreaming? How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is "really" there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him? Specifically ...

epistemology metaphysics reference-request phenomenology dreams  
asked by wizlog 98 votes
answered by Benoît 36 votes
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