Community Digest

Top new questions this week:

How can there be multiple "points of view" in the world?

Let's assume the world is defined as everything there is. Then subjective experiences are included in the world, and they are "things". Then each subjective experience has a point of view through ...

subjectivity objectivity solipsism  
asked by siamii 5 votes
answered by Math Bob 0 votes

Productive Forces vs. Conditions of Bourgeois Property

In The Communist Manifesto, page 331 of the 2002/2014 Penguin Edition, Marx and Engels write; "The productive forces at the disposal of society no longer tend to further the development of the ...

marx materialism property communism  
asked by october 3 votes

Is "lacking belief in X" equivalent to "belief in the nonexistence of X"?

Often I see atheists say they do not have an active belief in the nonexistence of God, only a lack of belief in God. I see where they are coming from, but I have a suspicion that they're equivalent. ...

philosophy-of-language theology  
asked by Donald 3 votes
answered by Eliran 0 votes

What is the name of the fallacy involving white and black swans?

If one argues: I have seen only white swans, therefore there are no black swans. What would this fallacy be called?

logic fallacies argumentation evidence  
asked by Himmators 3 votes
answered by J D 4 votes

How does imprecise and ambiguous natural language relate to the equivocation fallacy and how can we know what words mean?

I am feeling really confused on how we colloquially use and redefine words and sometime use the equivocation fallacy. I have fallen into equivocation language traps before, and as I become more aware ...

fallacies philosophy-of-language semantics language skepticism  
asked by Noah 2 votes
answered by J D 0 votes

KANT "Rational beings exist as an end in themselves, and never merely as a means to an end"

What does Kant mean when he says rational beings exist as an end in themselves, and never merely as a means to an end? Immanuel Kant - From Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia

kant  
asked by Shay 2 votes
answered by Rob 4 votes

Why does Kant say that some imperatives are analytically justified?

In the Groundwork and the second Critique, IIRC, Kant for some reason tries to explain the "argument" for the categorical imperative as synthetic a priori. He does this not just for assertoric forms ...

epistemology kant analysis questions  
asked by Kristian Berry 2 votes

Greatest hits from previous weeks:

How do I use the "Barbara, Celarent, … etc." mnemonic?

Medieval logicians memorized this most famous logic mnemonic: Barbara, Celarent, Darii, Ferio ← direct first figure Baralipton, Celantes, Dabitis, Fapesmo, Frisesomorum ← indirect first figure ...

logic reference-request syllogism medieval-logic  
asked by Geremia 9 votes
answered by Geremia 6 votes

If a person claims to know anything could it be disproven by saying 'prove that we are not in a simulation'?

Everyone starts out at 0 and if anyone wants to say that they know something they have to prove that claim. Is the counter to this person claiming that they know something logically correct? ...

logic epistemology fallacies simulated-universe  
asked by Rolf Haugaland 15 votes
answered by Speakpigeon 1 vote

What is the difference between Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism?

Based on the definitions given by Wikipedia , Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism both seems to imply the same meaning Rule Utilitarianism Action is right as it conforms to a rule that ...

ethics utilitarianism  
asked by Computernerd 12 votes
answered by iphigenie 14 votes

I have trouble understanding this fallacy: "If A, then B. Therefore if not-B, then not-A."

About "If A, then B. Therefore, if not-B, then not-A": From what I understand the conclusion is wrong, because it is not said that A is a sufficient condition for B, (and there may be other ...

logic fallacies  
asked by user18894 14 votes
answered by eurieka 45 votes

What is the difference between knowledge and belief?

Sometimes this image is used to explain what agnosticism is and how it's independent from belief: It makes some sense but I still have confusion understanding it. What is the difference between ...

epistemology knowledge agnosticism belief  
asked by CiscoIPPhone 15 votes
answered by Decent Dabbler 10 votes

Why aren't creationism and natural science on the same intellectual level?

In the infamous creation museum a strategically very shrewd exhibit, where a scientist and a biblical scholar both study the same fossils, is being presented: The sign says “different ...

epistemology philosophy-of-science evolution creationism  
asked by vonjd 55 votes
answered by alanf 85 votes

What are examples of analytic a posteriori knowledge?

There is the analytic/synthetic distinction and the a priori/a posteriori distinction. These two distinctions form four types of knowledge: analytic a priori synthetic a priori analytic a posteriori ...

epistemology kant  
asked by usr 15 votes
answered by ju5tu5 11 votes

Can you answer these questions?

Post-Positivism's Relationship to Post-Modernism

In A Nice Derangement of Epistemes by John H. Zammito, he attempts to "deflate" certain "extravagant gestures in philosophy of language" as he believes they "threaten to undermine indispensable canons ...

epistemology philosophy-of-science postmodernism post-positivism  
asked by J D 1 vote

The future in the deflationary theory of truth

How does the deflationary theory of truth, which defines true and false in the following straightforward way The proposition that p is true iff p. The proposition that p is false iff p is not ...

truth paradox  
asked by wolf-revo-cats 1 vote

Do habits lead us to believe in our free will?

Notoriously intractable, free will have had no success in being proven physically. Even phenomenally it is difficult to pin down precisely. So why do people believe each other when claiming that they ...

reference-request philosophy-of-mind free-will determinism mind-body  
asked by christo183 1 vote
answered by Kristian Berry 0 votes
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